Utilizing Ubuntu Linux/Introduction – Wikibooks, open books for an open world

Using Ubuntu Linux/Introduction - Wikibooks, open books for an open world

A screenshot of Ubuntu 16.04 desktop version.

Welcome to the information!

Fundamental Data[edit]

Ubuntu (IPA pronunciation /ù’búntú/ (oo-BOON-too[1])) is a predominantly desktop-oriented Linux distribution, based mostly on Debian GNU/Linux however with a stronger give attention to usability, common releases, and ease of set up on the expense of platform range. Ubuntu is sponsored by Canonical Ltd, owned by South African billionaire entrepreneur Mark Shuttleworth.

The identify of the distribution comes from the southern African idea of ubuntu which can be rendered roughly as “humanity towards others”, “we’re individuals due to different individuals”, or “I’m who I’m due to who all of us are,” although different meanings have been recommended.[2]

Kubuntu and Xubuntu are official sub-projects of the Ubuntu challenge, aiming to convey the KDE and Xfce desktop environments, respectively, to the Ubuntu core. Edubuntu is an official sub-project designed for college environments, and needs to be equally appropriate for youngsters to make use of at dwelling.[3] Gobuntu was an official sub-project, which was aimed toward adhering strictly to the Free Software program Basis’s 4 Freedoms.[4] Nevertheless, Gobuntu is not being developed, because the common Ubuntu launch now offers customers the choice of putting in solely free software program. The latest official subproject is JeOS. Ubuntu JeOS (pronounced “Juice”) is an environment friendly variant of the favored desktop and server working system, configured particularly for digital home equipment.

Ubuntu releases new variations each six months, and all the time helps them for no less than 18 months with every day safety fixes and patches to vital bugs. Some releases are designated as Lengthy Time period Help (LTS) variations, which have three years assist for the desktop and 5 years for the server editions. It’s supposed that new LTS variations might be launched at two 12 months intervals.

The newest (and sixth) LTS model, Ubuntu 16.04 (Xenial Xerus), was launched on April 21 2016.

Ubuntu goals to make use of solely free software program to offer an up-to-date but steady working system for the common person. The preliminary obtain and set up is after all freed from cost. Along with free updates, and assist from the ubuntu group, and this information, there are a variety of different books about Ubuntu Linux, and paid technical assist is accessible from Canonical Ltd.[5]


A screenshot of Ubuntu 6.06 LTS, exhibiting the Daybreak of Ubuntu wallpaper, one of many choices obtainable.

Ubuntu focuses on usability,[6] together with the widespread use of the sudo software for administrative duties.[7] The Ubiquity installer[8] permits putting in Ubuntu to the exhausting disk from inside the Reside CD setting with out the necessity for restarting the pc previous to set up. Ubuntu moreover emphasises accessibility and internationalization, to achieve as many individuals as doable. As of model 5.04, UTF-Eight is the default character encoding. The default look of the person interface till Ubuntu 10.04 was referred to as human and was characterised by shades of brown and orange. On four March 2010, it was introduced that Ubuntu 10.04 would function a brand new theme, together with new logos. Starting with launch 11.04, Ubuntu will use the brand new Ubiquity desktop setting, moderately than GNOME, by default.

Moreover normal system instruments and different small functions, Ubuntu comes put in with the next software program: the productiveness suite, the Web browser Firefox, the moment messenger Pidgin (previously often known as Gaim), and the raster graphics editor GIMP. A number of light-weight card and puzzle video games are pre-installed, together with Sudoku and Chess. Ubuntu has all ports closed by default including to safety, though some individuals select to run a firewall with a view to maintain tabs of incoming and outgoing connections.

Ubuntu provides a completely featured set of functions that work straight from the usual set up, however nonetheless matches on a single CD. The stay CD permits customers to see whether or not their {hardware} is suitable earlier than set up to the exhausting disk. The stay CD is then used to put in Ubuntu.[9] CDs are mailed free to anybody who requests them, and CD pictures can be found for obtain. The Ubuntu stay CD requires 256 megabytes of RAM, and as soon as put in on the exhausting disk, Ubuntu wants 4 gigabytes of hard-disk area.[10] An alternate set up disc utilizing the usual debian-installer in textual content mode is accessible for obtain , and is aimed toward individuals with decrease system specs, pc sellers promoting techniques already put in with Ubuntu, and for complicated partitioning together with using LVM.[11]

With the discharge of Ubuntu 7.04 in April 2007, the Ubuntu set up course of modified barely. It now helps migration from Home windows.[12] The brand new migration software imports Home windows customers’ bookmarks, desktop background (wallpaper), and settings for quick use within the Ubuntu set up.

For Ubuntu there are instruments obtainable to create a particular set up CD/DVD. With Wubi, it’s doable to put in Ubuntu on a Home windows partition. It additionally makes use of the migration software which imports Home windows customers’ configurations.


Since Ubuntu makes use of GNOME, the language of the GUI can arrange in numerous languages.


Ubuntu’s recognition has climbed steadily since its 2004 debut. It’s at the moment the second most considered Linux distribution on, and was probably the most accessed on the location in 2005[13] and 2006.[14] This recognition is borne out by an increase in Google searches for “Ubuntu” since 2004 as in comparison with shrinking or plateauing numbers for phrases associated to different main desktop Linux distributions corresponding to “Fedora”, “Debian” or “SUSE” over the identical interval[15]. In a 2007 survey of 38500 customers Ubuntu was the preferred distribution, with 30.three % of respondents utilizing it.[1]

Ubuntu was awarded the Reader Award for finest Linux distribution on the 2005 LinuxWorld Convention and Expo in London.[16] It has been favourably reviewed in on-line and print publications.[17][18] Ubuntu gained InfoWorld’s 2007 Bossie Award for Finest Open Supply Consumer OS.[2]

Mark Shuttleworth has said that there have been no less than Eight million Ubuntu customers on the finish of 2006.[19]


Inside Hyperlinks[edit]


Introduction for n00bs
Introduction for Home windows customers
Introduction for Mac customers
Introduction for Ubuntu customers
Introduction for customers of different Linux distributions
Introduction for customers of Unix and/or Unix-like working techniques
Introduction for customers of different working techniques

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