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Text – H.R.2810 – 115th Congress (2017-2018): National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 | Congress.gov


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Public Law No: 115-91 (12/12/2017)

[115th Congress Public Law 91]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[[Page 131 STAT. 1283]]
Public Law 115-91
115th Congress
An Act
To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2018 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense 
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes. <> 
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <> 
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2018''.
SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
(a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into four divisions as 
follows:
(1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
(2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
(3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
(4) Division D--Funding Tables.
(b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:
Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.
DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS
TITLE I--PROCUREMENT
Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations
Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.
Subtitle B--Army Programs
Sec. 111. Authority to expedite procurement of 7.62mm rifles.
Sec. 112. Limitation on availability of funds for Increment 2 of the 
Warfighter Information Network-Tactical program.
Sec. 113. Limitation on availability of funds for upgrade of M113 
vehicles.
Subtitle C--Navy Programs
Sec. 121. Aircraft carriers.
Sec. 122. Icebreaker vessel.
Sec. 123. Multiyear procurement authority for Arleigh Burke class 
destroyers.
Sec. 124. Multiyear procurement authority for Virginia class submarine 
program.
Sec. 125. Design and construction of the lead ship of the amphibious 
ship replacement designated LX(R) or amphibious transport 
dock designated LPD-30.
Sec. 126. Multiyear procurement authority for V-22 Osprey aircraft.
Sec. 127. Extension of limitation on use of sole-source shipbuilding 
contracts for certain vessels.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1284]]
Sec. 128. Limitation on availability of funds for the enhanced multi-
mission parachute system.
Sec. 129. Report on Navy capacity to increase production of certain 
rotary wing aircraft.
Subtitle D--Air Force Programs
Sec. 131. Inventory requirement for Air Force fighter aircraft.
Sec. 132. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of E-8 
JSTARS aircraft.
Sec. 133. Requirement for continuation of JSTARS aircraft 
recapitalization program.
Sec. 134. Limitation on selection of single contractor for C-130H 
avionics modernization program increment 2.
Sec. 135. Limitation on availability of funds for EC-130H Compass Call 
recapitalization program.
Sec. 136. Limitation on retirement of U-2 and RQ-4 aircraft.
Sec. 137. Cost-benefit analysis of upgrades to MQ-9 Reaper aircraft.
Sec. 138. Plan for modernization of the radar for F-16 fighter aircraft 
of the National Guard.
Sec. 139. Comptroller General review of Air Force fielding plan for HH-
60 replacement programs.
Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters
Sec. 141. F-35 economic order quantity contracting authority.
Sec. 142. Authority for explosive ordnance disposal units to acquire new 
or emerging technologies and capabilities.
Sec. 143.  Requirement that certain aircraft and unmanned aerial 
vehicles use specified standard data link.
Sec. 144. Reinstatement of requirement to preserve certain C-5 aircraft; 
mobility capability and requirements study.
TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION
Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations
Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.
Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations
Sec. 211. Cost controls for presidential aircraft recapitalization 
program.
Sec. 212. Capital investment authority.
Sec. 213. Prizes for advanced technology achievements.
Sec. 214. Joint Hypersonics Transition Office.
Sec. 215. Department of Defense directed energy weapon system 
prototyping and demonstration program.
Sec. 216. Appropriate use of authority for prototype projects.
Sec. 217. Mechanisms for expedited access to technical talent and 
expertise at academic institutions to support Department of 
Defense missions.
Sec. 218. Modification of laboratory quality enhancement program.
Sec. 219. Reauthorization of Department of Defense Established Program 
to Stimulate Competitive Research.
Sec. 220. Codification and enhancement of authorities to provide funds 
for defense laboratories for research and development of 
technologies for military missions.
Sec. 221. Expansion of definition of competitive procedures to include 
competitive selection for award of science and technology 
proposals.
Sec. 222. Inclusion of modeling and simulation in test and evaluation 
activities for purposes of planning and budget certification.
Sec. 223. Limitation on availability of funds for F-35 Joint Strike 
Fighter Follow-On Modernization.
Sec. 224. Improvement of update process for populating mission data 
files used in advanced combat aircraft.
Sec. 225. Support for national security innovation and entrepreneurial 
education.
Sec. 226. Limitation on cancellation of designation Executive Agent for 
a certain Defense Production Act program.
Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters
Sec. 231. Columbia-class program accountability matrices.
Sec. 232. Review of barriers to innovation in research and engineering 
activities of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 233. Pilot program to improve incentives for technology transfer 
from Department of Defense laboratories.
Sec. 234. Competitive acquisition plan for low probability of detection 
data link networks.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1285]]
Sec. 235. Clarification of selection dates for pilot program for the 
enhancement of the research, development, test, and 
evaluation centers of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 236. Requirement for a plan to build a prototype for a new ground 
combat vehicle for the Army.
Sec. 237. Plan for successfully fielding the Integrated Air and Missile 
Defense Battle Command System.
TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations
Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.
Subtitle B--Energy and Environment
Sec. 311. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Siting 
Clearinghouse.
Sec. 312. Energy performance goals and master plan.
Sec. 313. Payment to Environmental Protection Agency of stipulated 
penalty in connection with Umatilla Chemical Depot, Oregon.
Sec. 314. Payment to Environmental Protection Agency of stipulated 
penalty in connection with Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, 
Texas.
Sec. 315. Department of the Army cleanup and removal of petroleum, oil, 
and lubricant associated with the Prinz Eugen.
Sec. 316. Centers for Disease Control study on health implications of 
per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances contamination in drinking 
water.
Sec. 317. Sentinel Landscapes Partnership.
Sec. 318. Report on release of radium or radioactive material into the 
groundwater near the industrial reserve plant in Bethpage, 
New York.
Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment
Sec. 321. Reauthorization of multi-trades demonstration project.
Sec. 322. Increased percentage of sustainment funds authorized for 
realignment to restoration and modernization at each 
installation.
Sec. 323. Guidance regarding use of organic industrial base.
Subtitle D--Reports
Sec. 331. Quarterly reports on personnel and unit readiness.
Sec. 332. Biennial report on core depot-level maintenance and repair 
capability.
Sec. 333. Annual report on personnel, training, and equipment needs of 
non-federalized National Guard.
Sec. 334. Annual report on military working dogs used by the Department 
of Defense.
Sec. 335. Report on effects of climate change on Department of Defense.
Sec. 336. Report on optimization of training in and management of 
special use airspace.
Sec. 337. Plan for modernized, dedicated Department of the Navy 
adversary air training enterprise.
Sec. 338. Updated guidance regarding biennial core report.
Subtitle E--Other Matters
Sec. 341. Explosive safety board.
Sec. 342. Servicewomen's commemorative partnerships.
Sec. 343. Limitation on availability of funds for advanced skills 
management software system of the Navy.
Sec. 344. Cost-benefit analysis of uniform specifications for Afghan 
military or security forces.
Sec. 345. Temporary installation reutilization authority for arsenals, 
depots, and plants.
Sec. 346. Comprehensive plan for sharing depot-level maintenance best 
practices.
Sec. 347. Pilot program for operation and maintenance budget 
presentation.
Sec. 348. Repurposing and reuse of surplus Army firearms.
Sec. 349. Department of the Navy marksmanship awards.
Sec. 350. Civilian training for National Guard pilots and sensor 
operator aircrews of MQ-9 unmanned aerial vehicles.
Sec. 351. Training for National Guard personnel on wildfire response.
Sec. 352. Modification of the Second Division Memorial.
TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS
Subtitle A--Active Forces
Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
levels.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1286]]
Subtitle B--Reserve Forces
Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Fiscal year 2018 limitation on number of non-dual status 
technicians.
Sec. 415. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
duty for operational support.
Sec. 416. Number of members of the National Guard on full-time duty in 
support of the reserves within the National Guard Bureau.
Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations
Sec. 421. Military personnel.
TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY
Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy
Sec. 501. Modification of deadline for submittal by officers of written 
communications to promotion selection boards on matters of 
importance to their selection.
Sec. 502. Clarification to exception for removal of officers from list 
of officers recommended for promotion after 18 months without 
appointment.
Sec. 503. Modification of requirement for specification of number of 
officers who may be recommended for early retirement by a 
Selective Early Retirement Board.
Sec. 504. Extension of service-in-grade waiver authority for voluntary 
retirement of certain general and flag officers for purposes 
of enhanced flexibility in officer personnel management.
Sec. 505. Inclusion of Principal Military Deputy to the Assistant 
Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Technology, and 
Logistics among officers subject to repeal of statutory 
specification of general officer grade.
Sec. 506. Clarification of effect of repeal of statutory specification 
of general or flag officer grade for various positions in the 
Armed Forces.
Sec. 507. Standardization of authorities in connection with repeal of 
statutory specification of general officer grade for the Dean 
of the Academic Board of the United States Military Academy 
and the Dean of the Faculty of the United States Air Force 
Academy.
Sec. 508. Flexibility in promotion of officers to positions of Staff 
Judge Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine Corps and 
Deputy Judge Advocate General of the Navy or Air Force.
Sec. 509. Grandfathering of retired grade of Assistant Judge Advocates 
General of the Navy as of repeal of statutory specification 
of general and flag officers grades in the Armed Forces.
Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management
Sec. 511. Equal treatment of orders to serve on active duty under 
sections 12304a and 12304b of title 10, United States Code.
Sec. 512. Service credit for cyberspace experience or advanced education 
upon original appointment as a commissioned officer.
Sec. 513. Consolidation of authorities to order members of the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces to perform duty.
Sec. 514. Pilot program on use of retired senior enlisted members of the 
Army National Guard as Army National Guard recruiters.
Subtitle C--General Service Authorities
Part I--Matters Relating to Discharge and Correction of Military Records
Sec. 520. Consideration of additional medical evidence by Boards for the 
Correction of Military Records and liberal consideration of 
evidence relating to post-traumatic stress disorder or 
traumatic brain injury.
Sec. 521. Public availability of information related to disposition of 
claims regarding discharge or release of members of the Armed 
Forces when the claims involve sexual assault.
Sec. 522. Confidential review of characterization of terms of discharge 
of members who are victims of sex-related offenses.
Sec. 523. Training requirements for members of boards for the correction 
of military records and personnel who investigate claims of 
retaliation.
Sec. 524. Pilot program on use of video teleconferencing technology by 
boards for the correction of military records and discharge 
review boards.
Part II--Other General Service Authorities
Sec. 526. Modification of basis for extension of period for enlistment 
in the Armed Forces under the Delayed Entry Program.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1287]]
Sec. 527. Reauthorization of authority to order retired members to 
active duty in high-demand, low-density assignments.
Sec. 528. Notification of members of the Armed Forces undergoing certain 
administrative separations of potential eligibility for 
veterans benefits.
Sec. 529. Extension of authority of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to 
provide for the conduct of medical disability examinations by 
contract physicians.
Sec. 530. Provision of information on naturalization through military 
service.
Subtitle D--Military Justice and Other Legal Issues
Sec. 531. Clarifying amendments related to the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice reform by the Military Justice Act of 2016.
Sec. 532. Enhancement of effective prosecution and defense in courts-
martial and related matters.
Sec. 533. Punitive article under the Uniform Code of Military Justice on 
wrongful broadcast or distribution of intimate visual images 
or visual images of sexually explicit conduct.
Sec. 534. Garnishment to satisfy judgment rendered for physically, 
sexually, or emotionally abusing a child.
Sec. 535. Sexual assault prevention and response training for all 
individuals enlisted in the Armed Forces under a delayed 
entry program.
Sec. 536. Special Victims' Counsel training regarding the unique 
challenges often faced by male victims of sexual assault.
Sec. 537. Inclusion of information in annual SAPRO reports regarding 
military sexual harassment and incidents involving 
nonconsensual distribution of private sexual images.
Sec. 538. Inclusion of information in annual SAPRO reports regarding 
sexual assaults committed by a member of the Armed Forces 
against the member's spouse or other family member.
Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and Transition
Sec. 541. Element in preseparation counseling for members of the Armed 
Forces on assistance and support services for caregivers of 
certain veterans through the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 542. Improved employment assistance for members of the Army, Navy, 
Air Force, and Marine Corps and veterans.
Sec. 543. Limitation on release of military service academy graduates to 
participate in professional athletics.
Sec. 544. Two-year extension of suicide prevention and resilience 
program for the National Guard and Reserves.
Sec. 545. Annual certifications related to Ready, Relevant Learning 
initiative of the Navy.
Sec. 546. Authority to expand eligibility for the United States Military 
Apprenticeship Program.
Sec. 547. Limitation on availability of funds for attendance of Air 
Force enlisted personnel at Air Force officer professional 
military education in-residence courses.
Sec. 548. Lieutenant Henry Ossian Flipper Leadership Scholarships.
Sec. 549. Pilot programs on appointment in the excepted service in the 
Department of Defense of physically disqualified former 
cadets and midshipmen.
Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
Matters
Part I--Defense Dependents' Education Matters
Sec. 551. Assistance to schools with military dependent students.
Sec. 552. Transitions of military dependent students from Department of 
Defense dependent schools to other schools and among schools 
of local educational agencies.
Sec. 553. Report on educational opportunities in science, technology, 
engineering, and mathematics for children who are dependents 
of members of the Armed Forces.
Part II--Military Family Readiness Matters
Sec. 555. Codification of authority to conduct family support programs 
for immediate family members of members of the Armed Forces 
assigned to special operations forces.
Sec. 556. Reimbursement for State licensure and certification costs of a 
spouse of a member of the Armed Forces arising from 
relocation to another State.
Sec. 557. Temporary extension of extended period of protections for 
members of uniformed services relating to mortgages, mortgage 
foreclosure, and eviction.
Sec. 558. Enhancing military childcare programs and activities of the 
Department of Defense.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1288]]
Sec. 559. Direct hire authority for Department of Defense for childcare 
services providers for Department child development centers.
Sec. 560. Pilot program on public-private partnerships for telework 
facilities for military spouses on military installations 
outside the United States.
Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards
Sec. 561. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to Garlin M. 
Conner for acts of valor during World War II.
Sec. 562. Authorization for award of Distinguished-Service Cross to 
Specialist Frank M. Crary for acts of valor in Vietnam.
Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Reporting Requirements
Sec. 571. Analysis and report on accompanied and unaccompanied tours of 
duty in remote locations with high family support costs.
Sec. 572. Review and reports on policies for regular and reserve officer 
career management.
Sec. 573. Review and report on effects of personnel requirements and 
limitations on the availability of members of the National 
Guard for the performance of funeral honors duty for 
veterans.
Sec. 574. Review and report on authorities for the employment, use, and 
status of National Guard and Reserve technicians.
Sec. 575. Assessment and report on expanding and contracting for 
childcare services of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 576. Review and report on compensation provided childcare services 
providers of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 577. Comptroller General of the United States assessment and report 
on the Office of Complex Investigations within the National 
Guard Bureau.
Sec. 578. Modification of submittal date of Comptroller General of the 
United States report on integrity of the Department of 
Defense whistleblower program.
Subtitle I--Other Matters
Sec. 581. Expansion of United States Air Force Institute of Technology 
enrollment authority to include civilian employees of the 
homeland security industry.
Sec. 582. Conditional designation of Explosive Ordnance Disposal Corps 
as a basic branch of the Army.
Sec. 583. Designation of office within Office of the Secretary of 
Defense to oversee use of food assistance programs by members 
of the Armed Forces on active duty.
TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS
Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances
Sec. 601. Annual adjustment of basic monthly pay.
Sec. 602. Prohibiting collection of additional amounts from members 
living in units under Military Housing Privatization 
Initiative.
Sec. 603. Limitation on modification of payment authority for Military 
Housing Privatization Initiative housing.
Sec. 604. Housing treatment for certain members of the Armed Forces, and 
their spouses and other dependents, undergoing a permanent 
change of station within the United States.
Sec. 605. Extension of authority to provide temporary increase in rates 
of basic allowance for housing under certain circumstances.
Sec. 606. Reevaluation of BAH for the military housing area including 
Staten Island.
Subtitle B--Bonus and Special and Incentive Pays
Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 612. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
authorities for health care professionals.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of special pay and bonus authorities for 
nuclear officers.
Sec. 614. One-year extension of authorities relating to title 37 
consolidated special pay, incentive pay, and bonus 
authorities.
Sec. 615. One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of other 
title 37 bonuses and special pays.
Sec. 616. Report regarding the national pilot shortage.
Sec. 617. Special aviation incentive pay and bonus authorities for 
enlisted members who operate remotely piloted aircraft.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1289]]
Sec. 618. Technical and conforming amendments relating to 2008 
consolidation of special pay authorities.
Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits
Sec. 621. Permanent extension and cost-of-living adjustments of special 
survivor indemnity allowances under the Survivor Benefit 
Plan.
Sec. 622. Adjustments to Survivor Benefit Plan for members electing lump 
sum payments of retired pay under the modernized retirement 
system for members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 623. Technical correction regarding election to participate in 
modernized retirement system for reserve component members 
experiencing a break in service.
Sec. 624. Technical corrections to use of member's current pay grade and 
years of service in a division of property involving 
disposable retired pay.
Sec. 625. Continuation pay for the Coast Guard.
Subtitle D--Other Matters
Sec. 631. Land conveyance authority, Army and Air Force Exchange Service 
property, Dallas, Texas.
Sec. 632. Authority for the Secretaries of the military departments to 
provide for care of remains of those who die on active duty 
and are interred in a foreign cemetery.
Sec. 633. Construction of domestic source requirement for footwear 
furnished to enlisted members of the Armed Forces on initial 
entry into the Armed Forces.
Sec. 634. Review and update of regulations governing debt collectors 
interactions with unit commanders of members of the Armed 
Forces.
TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS
Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits
Sec. 701. Continued access to medical care at facilities of the 
uniformed services for certain members of the reserve 
components.
Sec. 702. Modifications of cost-sharing requirements for the TRICARE 
Pharmacy Benefits Program and treatment of certain 
pharmaceutical agents.
Sec. 703. Provision of hyperbaric oxygen therapy for certain members of 
the Armed Forces.
Sec. 704. Specification that individuals under the age of 21 are 
eligible for hospice care services under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 705. Physical examinations for members of a reserve component who 
are separating from the Armed Forces.
Sec. 706. Mental health assessments before members separate from the 
Armed Forces.
Sec. 707. Expansion of sexual trauma counseling and treatment for 
members of the reserve components.
Sec. 708. Expedited evaluation and treatment for prenatal surgery under 
the TRICARE program.
Subtitle B--Health Care Administration
Sec. 711. Maintenance of inpatient capabilities of military medical 
treatment facilities located outside the United States.
Sec. 712. Modification of priority for evaluation and treatment of 
individuals at military treatment facilities.
Sec. 713. Clarification of administration of military medical treatment 
facilities.
Sec. 714. Regular update of prescription drug pricing standard under 
TRICARE retail pharmacy program.
Sec. 715. Modification of execution of TRICARE contracting 
responsibilities.
Sec. 716. Additional emergency uses for medical products to reduce 
deaths and severity of injuries caused by agents of war.
Sec. 717. Modification of determination of average wait times at urgent 
care clinics and pharmacies at military medical treatment 
facilities under pilot program.
Sec. 718. Requirement for reimbursement by Department of Defense to 
entities carrying out State vaccination programs for costs of 
vaccines provided to covered beneficiaries.
Sec. 719. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration 
Fund.
Sec. 720. Residency requirements for podiatrists.
Sec. 721. Authorization of physical therapist assistants and 
occupational therapy assistants to provide services under the 
TRICARE program.
Sec. 722. Selection of military commanders and directors of military 
medical treatment facilities.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1290]]
Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters
Sec. 731. Pilot program on health care assistance system.
Sec. 732. Feasibility study on conduct of pilot program on mental health 
readiness of part-time members of the reserve components of 
the Armed Forces.
Sec. 733. Report on plan to improve pediatric care and related services 
for children of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 734. Longitudinal medical study on blast pressure exposure of 
members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 735. Study on safe opioid prescribing practices.
Sec. 736. Report on implementation of GAO recommendations.
Sec. 737. Declassification by Department of Defense of certain incidents 
of exposure of members of the Armed Forces to toxic 
substances.
Sec. 738. Coordination by Veterans Health Administration of efforts to 
understand effects of burn pits.
Sec. 739. TRICARE technical amendments.
TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
MATTERS
Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management
Sec. 801. Statements of purpose for Department of Defense acquisition.
Sec. 802. Management of intellectual property matters within the 
Department of Defense.
Sec. 803. Performance of incurred cost audits.
Sec. 804. Repeal of certain auditing requirements.
Sec. 805. Increased simplified acquisition threshold.
Sec. 806. Requirements related to the micro-purchase threshold.
Sec. 807. Process for enhanced supply chain scrutiny.
Sec. 808. Defense policy advisory committee on technology.
Sec. 809. Report on extension of development, acquisition, and 
sustainment authorities of the military departments to the 
United States Special Operations Command.
Sec. 810. Technical and conforming amendments related to program 
management provisions.
Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
and Limitations
Sec. 811. Modifications to cost or pricing data and reporting 
requirements.
Sec. 812. Applicability of cost and pricing data certification 
requirements.
Sec. 813. Sunset of certain provisions relating to the procurement of 
goods other than United States goods.
Sec. 814. Comptroller General report on health and safety records.
Sec. 815. Limitation on unilateral definitization.
Sec. 816. Amendment to sustainment reviews.
Sec. 817. Use of program income by eligible entities that carry out 
procurement technical assistance programs.
Sec. 818. Enhanced post-award debriefing rights.
Sec. 819. Amendments relating to information technology.
Sec. 820. Change to definition of subcontract in certain circumstances.
Sec. 821. Amendment relating to applicability of inflation adjustments.
Sec. 822. Use of lowest price technically acceptable source selection 
process.
Sec. 823. Exemption from design-build selection procedures.
Sec. 824. Contract closeout authority.
Sec. 825. Elimination of cost underruns as factor in calculation of 
penalties for cost overruns.
Sec. 826. Modification to annual meeting requirement of Configuration 
Steering Boards.
Sec. 827. Pilot program on payment of costs for denied Government 
Accountability Office bid protests.
Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs
Sec. 831. Revisions to definition of major defense acquisition program.
Sec. 832. Prohibition on use of lowest price technically acceptable 
source selection process for major defense acquisition 
programs.
Sec. 833. Role of the Chief of the armed force in material development 
decision and acquisition system milestones.
Sec. 834. Requirement to emphasize reliability and maintainability in 
weapon system design.
Sec. 835. Licensing of appropriate intellectual property to support 
major weapon systems.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1291]]
Sec. 836. Codification of requirements pertaining to assessment, 
management, and control of operating and support costs for 
major weapon systems.
Sec. 837. Should-cost management.
Sec. 838. Improvements to test and evaluation processes and tools.
Sec. 839. Enhancements to transparency in test and evaluation processes 
and data.
Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce
Sec. 841. Enhancements to the civilian program management workforce.
Sec. 842. Credits to Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
Development Fund.
Sec. 843. Improvements to the hiring and training of the acquisition 
workforce.
Sec. 844. Extension and modifications to acquisition demonstration 
project.
Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items
Sec. 846. Procurement through commercial e-commerce portals.
Sec. 847. Revision to definition of commercial item.
Sec. 848. Commercial item determinations.
Sec. 849. Review of regulations on commercial items.
Sec. 850. Training in commercial items procurement.
Subtitle F--Provisions Relating to Services Contracting
Sec. 851. Improvement of planning for acquisition of services.
Sec. 852. Standard guidelines for evaluation of requirements for 
services contracts.
Sec. 853. Report on outcome-based services contracts.
Sec. 854. Pilot program for longer term multiyear service contracts.
Subtitle G--Provisions Relating to Other Transaction Authority and 
Prototyping
Sec. 861. Contract authority for advanced development of initial or 
additional prototype units.
Sec. 862. Methods for entering into research agreements.
Sec. 863. Education and training for transactions other than contracts 
and grants.
Sec. 864. Other transaction authority for certain prototype projects.
Sec. 865. Amendment to nontraditional and small contractor innovation 
prototyping program.
Sec. 866. Middle tier of acquisition for rapid prototype and rapid 
fielding.
Sec. 867. Preference for use of other transactions and experimental 
authority.
Sec. 868. Prototype projects to digitize defense acquisition 
regulations, policies, and guidance, and empower user 
tailoring of acquisition process.
Subtitle H--Provisions Relating to Software Acquisition
Sec. 871. Noncommercial computer software acquisition considerations.
Sec. 872. Defense Innovation Board analysis of software acquisition 
regulations.
Sec. 873. Pilot program to use agile or iterative development methods to 
tailor major software-intensive warfighting systems and 
defense business systems.
Sec. 874. Software development pilot program using agile best practices.
Sec. 875. Pilot program for open source software.
Subtitle I--Other Matters
Sec. 881. Extension of maximum duration of fuel storage contracts.
Sec. 882. Procurement of aviation critical safety items.
Sec. 883. Modifications to the advisory panel on streamlining and 
codifying acquisition regulations.
Sec. 884. Repeal of expired pilot program for leasing commercial utility 
cargo vehicles.
Sec. 885. Exception for business operations from requirement to accept 
$1 coins.
Sec. 886. Development of Procurement Administrative Lead Time.
Sec. 887. Notional milestones and standard timelines for contracts for 
foreign military sales.
Sec. 888. Assessment and authority to terminate or prohibit contracts 
for procurement from Chinese companies providing support to 
the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
Sec. 889. Report on defense contracting fraud.
Sec. 890. Comptroller General report on contractor business system 
requirements.
Sec. 891. Training on agile or iterative development methods.
TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT
Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters
Sec. 901. Treatment of incumbent Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1292]]
Sec. 902. Clarification of authority of Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment with respect to service 
acquisition programs for which the service acquisition 
executive is the milestone decision authority.
Sec. 903. Executive Schedule matters relating to Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.
Sec. 904. Consistent period of relief from active duty as a commissioned 
officer of a regular component of the Armed Forces for 
appointment to Under Secretary of Defense positions.
Sec. 905. Qualifications for appointment and additional duties and 
powers of certain officials within the Office of the Under 
Secretary of Defense (Comptroller).
Sec. 906. Redesignation of Principal Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense 
as Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense and related matters.
Sec. 907. Reduction of number and elimination of specific designations 
of Assistant Secretaries of Defense.
Sec. 908. Limitation on maximum number of Deputy Assistant Secretaries 
of Defense.
Sec. 909. Appointment and responsibilities of Chief Information Officer 
of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 910. Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense.
Subtitle B--Data Management and Analytics
Sec. 911. Policy on treatment of defense business system data related to 
business operations and management.
Sec. 912. Transparency of defense management data.
Sec. 913. Establishment of set of activities that use data analysis, 
measurement, and other evaluation-related methods to improve 
acquisition program outcomes.
Subtitle C--Organization of Other Department of Defense Offices and 
Elements
Sec. 921. Qualifications for appointment of Assistant Secretaries of the 
military departments for financial management.
Sec. 922. Manner of carrying out reductions in major Department of 
Defense headquarters activities pursuant to headquarters 
reduction plan.
Sec. 923. Certifications on cost savings achieved by reductions in major 
Department of Defense headquarters activities.
Sec. 924. Corrosion control and prevention executives matters.
Sec. 925. Background and security investigations for Department of 
Defense personnel.
Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Reporting Requirements
Sec. 931. Additional elements in reports on policy, organization, and 
management goals of the Secretary of Defense for the 
Department of Defense.
Sec. 932. Report and sense of Congress on responsibility for 
developmental test and evaluation within the Office of the 
Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 933. Report on Office of Corrosion Policy and Oversight.
Subtitle D--Other Matters
Sec. 941. Commission on the National Defense Strategy for the United 
States.
TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS
Subtitle A--Financial Matters
Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Consolidation, codification, and improvement of certain 
authorities and requirements in connection with the audit of 
the financial statements of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1003. Improper payment matters.
Sec. 1004. Rankings of auditability of financial statements of the 
organizations and elements of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1005. Financial operations dashboard for the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1006. Review and recommendations on efforts to obtain audit opinion 
on full financial statements.
Sec. 1007. Notification requirement for certain contracts for audit 
services.
Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities
Sec. 1011. Extension of authority to support a unified counterdrug and 
counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1012. Venue for prosecution of maritime drug trafficking.
Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards
Sec. 1021. National Defense Sealift Fund.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1293]]
Sec. 1022. Use of National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund for multiyear 
procurement of certain critical components.
Sec. 1023. Operational readiness of littoral combat ships on extended 
deployment.
Sec. 1024. Availability of funds for retirement or inactivation of 
Ticonderoga-class cruisers or dock landing ships.
Sec. 1025. Policy of the United States on minimum number of battle force 
ships.
Sec. 1026. Surveying ships.
Subtitle D--Counterterrorism
Sec. 1031. Modification of authority on support of special operations to 
combat terrorism.
Sec. 1032. Termination of requirement to submit annual budget 
justification display for Department of Defense combating 
terrorism program.
Sec. 1033. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
Guantanamo Bay, Cuba to the United States.
Sec. 1034. Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify facilities 
in the United States to house detainees transferred from 
United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1035. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.
Sec. 1036. Prohibition on use of funds to close or relinquish control of 
United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1037. Sense of Congress regarding providing for timely victim and 
family testimony in military commission trials.
Sec. 1038. Report on public availability of military commissions 
proceedings.
Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations
Sec. 1041. Limitation on expenditure of funds for emergency and 
extraordinary expenses for intelligence and counter-
intelligence activities.
Sec. 1042. Matters relating to the submittal of future-years defense 
programs.
Sec. 1043. Modifications to humanitarian demining assistance 
authorities.
Sec. 1044. Prohibition on charge of certain tariffs on aircraft 
traveling through channel routes.
Sec. 1045. Prohibition on lobbying activities with respect to the 
Department of Defense by certain officers of the Armed Forces 
and civilian employees of the Department following separation 
from military service or employment with the Department.
Sec. 1046. Prohibition on use of funds for retirement of legacy maritime 
mine countermeasures platforms.
Sec. 1047. Report on western Pacific Ocean ship depot maintenance 
capability and capacity.
Sec. 1048. Annual training regarding the influence campaign of the 
Russian Federation.
Sec. 1049. Workforce issues for military realignments in the Pacific.
Subtitle F--Studies and Reports
Sec. 1051. Elimination of reporting requirements terminated after 
November 25, 2017, pursuant to section 1080 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016.
Sec. 1052. Report on transfer of defense articles to units committing 
gross violations of human rights.
Sec. 1053. Report on the National Biodefense Analysis and 
Countermeasures Center.
Sec. 1054. Report on Department of Defense Arctic capability and 
resource gaps and required infrastructure.
Sec. 1055. Review and assessment of Department of Defense personnel 
recovery and nonconventional assisted recovery mechanisms.
Sec. 1056. Mine warfare readiness inspection plan and report.
Sec. 1057. Annual report on civilian casualties in connection with 
United States military operations.
Sec. 1058. Report on Joint Pacific Alaska Range Complex modernization.
Sec. 1059. Report on alternatives to aqueous film forming foam.
Sec. 1060. Assessment of global force posture.
Sec. 1061. Army modernization strategy.
Sec. 1062. Report on Army plan to improve operational unit readiness by 
reducing number of non-deployable soldiers assigned to 
operational units.
Sec. 1063. Efforts to combat physiological episodes on certain Navy 
aircraft.
Sec. 1064. Studies on aircraft inventories for the Air Force.
Sec. 1065. Department of Defense review of Navy capabilities in the 
Arctic region.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1294]]
Sec. 1066. Comprehensive review of maritime intelligence, surveillance, 
reconnaissance, and targeting capabilities.
Sec. 1067. Report on the need for a Joint Chemical-Biological Defense 
Logistics Center.
Sec. 1068. Missile Technology Control Regime Category I unmanned aerial 
vehicle systems.
Sec. 1069. Recommendations for interagency vetting of foreign 
investments affecting national security.
Sec. 1070. Briefing on prior attempted Russian cyber attacks against 
defense systems.
Sec. 1071. Enhanced analytical and monitoring capability of the defense 
industrial base.
Sec. 1072. Report on defense of combat logistics and strategic mobility 
forces.
Sec. 1073. Report on acquisition strategy to recapitalize the existing 
system for undersea fixed surveillance.
Sec. 1074. Report on implementation of requirements in connection with 
the organization of the Department of Defense for management 
of special operations forces and special operations.
Sec. 1075. Report on the global food system and vulnerabilities relevant 
to Department of Defense missions.
Subtitle G--Modernizing Government Technology
Sec. 1076. Definitions.
Sec. 1077. Establishment of agency information technology systems 
modernization and working capital funds.
Sec. 1078. Establishment of technology modernization fund and board.
Subtitle H--Other Matters
Sec. 1081. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Clarification of applicability of certain provisions of law 
to civilian judges of the United States Court of Military 
Commission Review.
Sec. 1083. Modification of requirement relating to conversion of certain 
military technician (dual status) positions to civilian 
positions.
Sec. 1084. National Guard accessibility to Department of Defense issued 
unmanned aircraft.
Sec. 1085. Sense of Congress regarding aircraft carriers.
Sec. 1086. Sense of Congress recognizing the United States Navy Seabees.
Sec. 1087. Construction of memorial to the crew of the Apollo I launch 
test accident at Arlington National Cemetery.
Sec. 1088. Department of Defense engagement with covered non-Federal 
entities.
Sec. 1089. Prize competition to identify root cause of physiological 
episodes on Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force training and 
operational aircraft.
Sec. 1090. Providing assistance to House of Representatives in response 
to cybersecurity events.
Sec. 1091. Transfer of surplus firearms to Corporation for the Promotion 
of Rifle Practice and Firearms Safety.
Sec. 1092. Collaboration between Federal Aviation Administration and 
Department of Defense on unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 1093. Carriage of certain programming.
Sec. 1094. National strategy for countering violent extremism.
Sec. 1095. Sense of Congress regarding World War I.
Sec. 1096. Notice to Congress of terms of Department of Defense 
settlement agreements.
Sec. 1097. Office of Special Counsel reauthorization.
Sec. 1098. Air transportation of civilian Department of Defense 
personnel to and from Afghanistan.
TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS
Sec. 1101. Direct hire authority for the Department of Defense for 
personnel to assist in business transformation and management 
innovation.
Sec. 1102. Extension of direct hire authority for Domestic Defense 
Industrial Base Facilities and Major Range and Test 
Facilities Base.
Sec. 1103. Extension of authority to provide voluntary separation 
incentive pay for civilian employees of the Department of 
Defense.
Sec. 1104. Additional Department of Defense science and technology 
reinvention laboratories.
Sec. 1105. One year extension of authority to waive annual limitation on 
premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for Federal 
civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1106. Direct hire authority for financial management experts in the 
Department of Defense workforce.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1295]]
Sec. 1107. Extension of authority for temporary personnel flexibilities 
for Domestic Defense Industrial Base Facilities and Major 
Range and Test Facilities Base civilian personnel.
Sec. 1108. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian personnel on 
official duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1109. Extension of overtime rate authority for Department of the 
Navy employees performing work aboard or dockside in support 
of the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier forward deployed in 
Japan.
Sec. 1110. Pilot program on enhanced personnel management system for 
cybsersecurity and legal professionals in the Department of 
Defense.
Sec. 1111. Establishment of senior scientific technical managers at 
Major Range and Test Facility Base Facilities and Defense 
Test Resource Management Center.
TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS
Subtitle A--Assistance and Training
Sec. 1201. One-year extension of logistical support for coalition forces 
supporting certain United States military operations.
Sec. 1202. Support of special operations for irregular warfare.
Sec. 1203. Obligation of funds in Special Defense Acquisition Fund for 
precision guided munitions.
Sec. 1204. Modification of defense institution capacity building and 
authority to build capacity of foreign security forces.
Sec. 1205. Extension and modification of authority on training for 
Eastern European national security forces in the course of 
multilateral exercises.
Sec. 1206. Global Security Contingency Fund.
Sec. 1207. Defense Institute of International Legal Studies.
Sec. 1208. Extension of participation in and support of the Inter-
American Defense College.
Sec. 1209. Plan on improvement of ability of national security forces of 
foreign countries participating in United States capacity 
building programs to protect civilians.
Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan
Sec. 1211. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
provide defense services to the military and security forces 
of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1212. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
States military operations.
Sec. 1213. Special immigrant visas for Afghan allies.
Sec. 1214. Extension of authority to acquire products and services 
produced in countries along a major route of supply to 
Afghanistan.
Sec. 1215. Extension of semiannual report on enhancing security and 
stability in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1216. Human rights vetting of Afghan National Defense and Security 
Forces.
Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran
Sec. 1221. Report on United States strategy in Syria.
Sec. 1222. Extension and modification of authority to provide assistance 
to counter the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
Sec. 1223. Modification of authority to provide assistance to the vetted 
Syrian opposition.
Sec. 1224. Extension and modification of authority to support operations 
and activities of the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1225. Modification and additional elements in annual report on the 
military power of Iran.
Sec. 1226. Extension of quarterly reports on confirmed ballistic missile 
launches from Iran and imposition of sanctions in connection 
with those launches.
Sec. 1227. Limitation on use of funds for provision of man-portable air 
defense systems to the vetted Syrian opposition.
Sec. 1228. Report on agreement with the Government of the Russian 
Federation on the status of Syria.
Subtitle D--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation
Sec. 1231. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
United States and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1232. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1233. Sense of Congress on European security.
Sec. 1234. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
Initiative.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1296]]
Sec. 1235. Limitation on availability of funds relating to 
implementation of the Open Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1236. Sense of Congress on importance of nuclear capabilities of 
NATO.
Sec. 1237. Report on Security Cooperation with respect to Western Balkan 
Countries.
Sec. 1238. Plan to respond in case of Russian noncompliance with the New 
START Treaty.
Sec. 1239. Strategy to counter threats by the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1239A. Strategy to counter the threat of malign influence by the 
Russian Federation.
Subtitle E--Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty Preservation 
Act of 2017
Sec. 1241. Short title.
Sec. 1242. Findings.
Sec. 1243. Compliance enforcement regarding Russian violations of the 
INF Treaty.
Sec. 1244. Notification requirement related to Russian Federation 
development of noncompliant systems and United States actions 
regarding material breach of INF Treaty by the Russian 
Federation.
Sec. 1245. Review of RS-26 ballistic missile.
Sec. 1246. Definitions.
Subtitle F--Matters Relating to the Indo-Asia-Pacific Region
Sec. 1251. Sense of Congress and Initiative for the Indo-Asia-Pacific 
region.
Sec. 1252. Report on strategy to prioritize United States defense 
interests in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 1253. Assessment of United States force posture and basing needs in 
the Indo-Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 1254. Plan to enhance the extended deterrence and assurance 
capabilities of the United States in the Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 1255. Sense of Congress reaffirming security commitments to the 
Governments of Japan and South Korea and trilateral 
cooperation between the United States, Japan, and South 
Korea.
Sec. 1256. Strategy on North Korea.
Sec. 1257. North Korean nuclear intercontinental ballistic missiles.
Sec. 1258. Advancements in defense cooperation between the United States 
and India.
Sec. 1259. Strengthening the defense partnership between the United 
States and Taiwan.
Sec. 1259A. Normalizing the transfer of defense articles and defense 
services to Taiwan.
Sec. 1259B. Assessment on United States defense implications of China's 
expanding global access.
Sec. 1259C. Agreement supplemental to Compact of Free Association with 
Palau.
Sec. 1259D. Study on United States interests in the Freely Associated 
States.
Subtitle G--Reports
Sec. 1261. Modification of annual report on military and security 
developments involving the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1262. Modifications to annual update of Department of Defense 
Freedom of Navigation Operations report.
Sec. 1263. Report on strategy to defeat Al-Qaeda, the Taliban, the 
Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), and their associated 
forces and co-belligerents.
Sec. 1264. Report on and notice of changes made to the legal and policy 
frameworks for the United States' use of military force and 
related national security operations.
Sec. 1265. Report on military action of Saudi Arabia and its coalition 
partners in Yemen.
Sec. 1266. Submittal of Department of Defense Supplemental and Cost of 
War Execution reports on quarterly basis.
Sec. 1267. Consolidation of reports on United States Armed Forces, 
civilian employees, and contractors deployed in support of 
Operation Inherent Resolve, Operation Freedom's Sentinel, and 
associated and successor operations.
Sec. 1268. Comptroller General of the United States report on pricing 
and availability with respect to foreign military sales.
Sec. 1269. Annual report on military and security developments involving 
the Russian Federation.
Subtitle H--Other Matters
Sec. 1271. Security and stability strategy for Somalia.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1297]]
Sec. 1272. Global Theater Security Cooperation Management Information 
System.
Sec. 1273. Future years plan for the European Deterrence Initiative.
Sec. 1274. Extension of authority to enter into agreements with 
participating countries in the American, British, Canadian, 
and Australian Armies' Program.
Sec. 1275. United States military and diplomatic strategy for Yemen.
Sec. 1276. Transfer of excess high mobility multipurpose wheeled 
vehicles to foreign countries.
Sec. 1277. Department of Defense program to protect United States 
students against foreign agents.
Sec. 1278. Limitation and extension of United States-Israel anti-tunnel 
cooperation authority.
Sec. 1279. Anticorruption strategy.
Sec. 1279A. Strategy to improve defense institutions and security sector 
forces in Nigeria.
Sec. 1279B. Limitation on availability of funds to implement the Arms 
Trade Treaty.
Sec. 1279C. Cultural Heritage Protection Coordinator.
Sec. 1279D. Security assistance for Baltic nations for joint program for 
interoperability and deterrence against aggression.
Sec. 1279E. Restriction on funding for the Preparatory Commission for 
the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization.
Sec. 1279F. Clarification of authority to support border security 
operations of certain foreign countries.
TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION
Sec. 1301. Specification of Cooperative Threat Reduction funds.
Sec. 1302. Funding allocations.
TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS
Subtitle A--Military Programs
Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1405. Defense Health Program.
Sec. 1406. National Defense Sealift Fund.
Subtitle B--Other Matters
Sec. 1411. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
Demonstration Fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health Care 
Center, Illinois.
Sec. 1412. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
Home.
Sec. 1413. Armed Forces Retirement Home matters.
Sec. 1414. Authority to dispose of certain materials from and to acquire 
additional materials for the National Defense Stockpile.
Sec. 1415. Acquisition reporting on major chemical demilitarization 
programs of the Department of Defense.
TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS
Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations
Sec. 1501. Purpose and treatment of certain authorizations of 
appropriations.
Sec. 1502. Overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 1503. Procurement.
Sec. 1504. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1505. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1506. Military personnel.
Sec. 1507. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1508. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1509. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1510. Defense Health program.
Subtitle B--Financial Matters
Sec. 1511. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1512. Special transfer authority.
Subtitle C--Limitations, Reports, and Other Matters
Sec. 1521. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1298]]
Sec. 1522. Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Fund.
Sec. 1523. Comptroller General report on feasibility of separation of 
expenditures.
Sec. 1524. Guidelines for budget items to be covered by overseas 
contingency operations accounts.
TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS
Subtitle A--Space Activities
Sec. 1601. Space acquisition and management and oversight.
Sec. 1602. Codification, extension, and modification of limitation on 
construction on United States territory of satellite 
positioning ground monitoring stations of foreign 
governments.
Sec. 1603. Foreign commercial satellite services: cybersecurity threats 
and launches.
Sec. 1604. Extension of pilot program on commercial weather data.
Sec. 1605. Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle modernization and 
sustainment of assured access to space.
Sec. 1606. Demonstration of backup and complementary positioning, 
navigation, and timing capabilities of Global Positioning 
System.
Sec. 1607. Enhancement of positioning, navigation, and timing capacity.
Sec. 1608. Commercial satellite communications pathfinder program.
Sec. 1609. Launch support and infrastructure modernization.
Sec. 1610. Limitation on availability of funding for Joint Space 
Operations Center mission system.
Sec. 1611. Limitation on use of funds for Delta IV launch vehicle.
Sec. 1612. Air Force space contractor responsibility watch list.
Sec. 1613. Certification and briefing on operational and contingency 
plans for loss or degradation of space capabilities.
Sec. 1614. Report on protected satellite communications.
Sec. 1615. Sense of Congress on establishment of Space Flag training 
event.
Sec. 1616. Sense of Congress on coordinating efforts to prepare for 
space weather events.
Sec. 1617. Sense of Congress on National Space Defense Center.
Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities
Sec. 1621. Security clearances for facilities of certain companies.
Sec. 1622. Extension of authority to engage in certain commercial 
activities.
Sec. 1623. Submission of audits of commercial activity funds.
Sec. 1624. Clarification of annual briefing on the intelligence, 
surveillance, and reconnaissance requirements of the 
combatant commands.
Sec. 1625. Consideration of service by recipients of Boren scholarships 
and fellowships in excepted service positions as service by 
such recipients under career appointments for purposes of 
career tenure.
Sec. 1626. Review of support provided by Defense intelligence elements 
to acquisition activities of the Department.
Sec. 1627. Establishment of Chairman's controlled activity within Joint 
Staff for intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance.
Sec. 1628. Requirements relating to multi-use sensitive compartmented 
information facilities.
Sec. 1629. Limitation on availability of funds for certain 
counterintelligence activities.
Subtitle C--Cyberspace-Related Matters
Part I--General Cyber Matters
Sec. 1631. Notification requirements for sensitive military cyber 
operations and cyber weapons.
Sec. 1632. Modification to quarterly cyber operations briefings.
Sec. 1633. Policy of the United States on cyberspace, cybersecurity, and 
cyber warfare.
Sec. 1634. Prohibition on use of products and services developed or 
provided by Kaspersky Lab.
Sec. 1635. Modification of authorities relating to establishment of 
unified combatant command for cyber operations.
Sec. 1636. Modification of definition of acquisition workforce to 
include personnel contributing to cybersecurity systems.
Sec. 1637. Integration of strategic information operations and cyber-
enabled information operations.
Sec. 1638. Exercise on assessing cybersecurity support to election 
systems of States.
Sec. 1639. Measurement of compliance with cybersecurity requirements for 
industrial control systems.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1299]]
Sec. 1640. Strategic Cybersecurity Program.
Sec. 1641. Plan to increase cyber and information operations, 
deterrence, and defense.
Sec. 1642. Evaluation of agile or iterative development of cyber tools 
and applications.
Sec. 1643. Assessment of defense critical electric infrastructure.
Sec. 1644. Cyber posture review.
Sec. 1645. Briefing on cyber capability and readiness shortfalls.
Sec. 1646. Briefing on cyber applications of blockchain technology.
Sec. 1647. Briefing on training infrastructure for cyber mission forces.
Sec. 1648. Report on termination of dual-hat arrangement for Commander 
of the United States Cyber Command.
Part II--Cybersecurity Education
Sec. 1649. Cyber Scholarship Program.
Sec. 1649A. Community college cyber pilot program and assessment.
Sec. 1649B. Federal Cyber Scholarship-for-Service program updates.
Sec. 1649C. Cybersecurity teaching.
Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces
Sec. 1651. Annual assessment of cyber resiliency of nuclear command and 
control system.
Sec. 1652. Collection, storage, and sharing of data relating to nuclear 
security enterprise.
Sec. 1653. Notifications regarding dual-capable F-35A aircraft.
Sec. 1654. Oversight of delayed acquisition programs by Council on 
Oversight of the National Leadership Command, Control, and 
Communications System.
Sec. 1655. Establishment of Nuclear Command and Control Intelligence 
Fusion Center.
Sec. 1656. Security of nuclear command, control, and communications 
system from commercial dependencies.
Sec. 1657. Oversight of aerial-layer programs by Council on Oversight of 
the National Leadership Command, Control, and Communications 
System.
Sec. 1658. Security classification guide for programs relating to 
nuclear command, control, and communications and nuclear 
deterrence.
Sec. 1659. Evaluation and enhanced security of supply chain for nuclear 
command, control, and communications and continuity of 
government programs.
Sec. 1660. Procurement authority for certain parts of intercontinental 
ballistic missile fuzes.
Sec. 1661. Presidential National Voice Conferencing System and Phoenix 
Air-to-Ground Communications Network.
Sec. 1662. Limitation on pursuit of certain command and control concept.
Sec. 1663. Prohibition on availability of funds for mobile variant of 
ground-based strategic deterrent missile.
Sec. 1664. Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental ballistic 
missiles of the United States.
Sec. 1665. Modification to annual report on plan for the nuclear weapons 
stockpile, nuclear weapons complex, nuclear weapons delivery 
systems, and nuclear weapons command and control system.
Sec. 1666. Establishment of procedures for implementation of Nuclear 
Enterprise Review.
Sec. 1667. Report on impacts of nuclear proliferation.
Sec. 1668. Certification that the Nuclear Posture Review addresses 
deterrent effect and operation of United States nuclear 
forces in current and future security environments.
Sec. 1669. Plan to manage Integrated Tactical Warning and Attack 
Assessment System and multi-domain sensors.
Sec. 1670. Certification requirement with respect to strategic radiation 
hardened trusted microelectronics.
Sec. 1671. Nuclear Posture Review.
Sec. 1672. Sense of Congress on importance of independent nuclear 
deterrent of United Kingdom.
Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs
Sec. 1676. Administration of missile defense and defeat programs.
Sec. 1677. Condition for proceeding beyond low-rate initial production.
Sec. 1678. Preservation of the ballistic missile defense capacity of the 
Army.
Sec. 1679. Modernization of Army lower tier air and missile defense 
sensor.
Sec. 1680. Defense of Hawaii from North Korean ballistic missile attack.
Sec. 1681. Designation of location of continental United States 
interceptor site.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1300]]
Sec. 1682. Aegis Ashore anti-air warfare capability.
Sec. 1683. Development of persistent space-based sensor architecture.
Sec. 1684. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
Cooperative Missile Defense Program co-development and co-
production.
Sec. 1685. Boost phase ballistic missile defense.
Sec. 1686. Ground-based interceptor capability, capacity, and 
reliability.
Sec. 1687. Limitation on availability of funds for ground-based 
midcourse defense element of the ballistic missile defense 
system.
Sec. 1688. Plan for development of space-based ballistic missile 
intercept layer.
Sec. 1689. Sense of Congress on the state of the missile defense of the 
United States.
Sec. 1690.  Sense of Congress and report on ground-based midcourse 
defense testing.
Subtitle F--Other Matters
Sec. 1691. Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States From 
Electromagnetic Pulse Attacks and Similar Events.
Sec. 1692. Protection of certain facilities and assets from unmanned 
aircraft.
Sec. 1693. Conventional prompt global strike weapons system.
Sec. 1694. Business case analysis regarding ammonium perchlorate.
Sec. 1695. Report on industrial base for large solid rocket motors and 
related technologies.
Sec. 1696. Pilot program on enhancing information sharing for security 
of supply chain.
Sec. 1697. Pilot program on electromagnetic spectrum mapping.
Sec. 1698. Use of commercial items in Distributed Common Ground Systems.
TITLE XVII--SMALL BUSINESS PROCUREMENT AND INDUSTRIAL BASE MATTERS
Sec. 1701. Amendments to HUBZone provisions of the Small Business Act.
Sec. 1702. Uniformity in procurement terminology.
Sec. 1703. Improving reporting on small business goals.
Sec. 1704. Responsibilities of Business Opportunity Specialists.
Sec. 1705. Responsibilities of commercial market representatives.
Sec. 1706. Modification of past performance pilot program to include 
consideration of past performance with allies of the United 
States.
Sec. 1707. Notice of cost-free Federal procurement technical assistance 
in connection with registration of small business concerns on 
procurement websites of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1708. Inclusion of SBIR and STTR programs in technical assistance.
Sec. 1709. Requirements relating to competitive procedures and 
justification for awards under the SBIR and STTR programs.
Sec. 1710. Pilot program for streamlined technology transition from the 
SBIR and STTR programs of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1711. Pilot program on strengthening manufacturing in the defense 
industrial base.
Sec. 1712. Review regarding applicability of foreign ownership, control, 
or influence requirements of National Industrial Security 
Program to national technology and industrial base companies.
Sec. 1713. Report on sourcing of tungsten and tungsten powders from 
domestic producers.
Sec. 1714. Report on utilization of small business concerns for Federal 
contracts.
TITLE XVIII--GOVERNMENT PURCHASE AND TRAVEL CARDS
Sec. 1801. Short title.
Sec. 1802. Definitions.
Sec. 1803. Expanded use of data analytics.
Sec. 1804. Guidance on improving information sharing to curb improper 
payments.
Sec. 1805. Interagency charge card data management group.
Sec. 1806. Reporting requirements.
DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS
Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.
TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION
Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1301]]
Sec. 2103. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2104. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2105. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
2014 project.
Sec. 2106. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
2015 project.
Sec. 2107. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2014 
project.
Sec. 2108. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
projects.
Sec. 2109. Additional authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2000, 
2005, 2006, and 2007 projects.
TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION
Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2205. Extension of authorizations for certain fiscal year 2014 
projects.
Sec. 2206. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
projects.
TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION
Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
2017 projects.
Sec. 2306. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
projects.
TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION
Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition 
projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized energy resiliency and conservation projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
Sec. 2404. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
2017 project.
Sec. 2405. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
projects.
Sec. 2406. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
projects.
TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS
Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
Program
Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.
Subtitle B--Host Country In-Kind Contributions
Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.
Sec. 2512. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
2017 projects.
TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES
Subtitle A--Project Authorizations and Authorization of Appropriations
Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve construction 
and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.
Subtitle B--Other Matters
Sec. 2611. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
2015 project.
Sec. 2612. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
projects.
Sec. 2613. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
projects.
TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES
Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
closure activities funded through Department of Defense base 
closure account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
closure (BRAC) round.
TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS
Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military Family Housing
Sec. 2801. Elimination of written notice requirement for military 
construction activities and reliance on electronic submission 
of notifications and reports.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1302]]
Sec. 2802. Modification of thresholds applicable to unspecified minor 
construction projects.
Sec. 2803. Annual locality adjustment of dollar thresholds applicable to 
unspecified minor military construction authorities.
Sec. 2804. Extension of temporary, limited authority to use operation 
and maintenance funds for construction projects outside the 
United States.
Sec. 2805. Use of operation and maintenance funds for military 
construction projects to replace facilities damaged or 
destroyed by natural disasters or terrorism incidents.
Sec. 2806. Annual report on unfunded requirements for laboratory 
military construction projects.
Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration
Sec. 2811. Elimination of written notice requirement for military real 
property transactions and reliance on electronic submission 
of notifications and reports.
Sec. 2812. Certification related to certain acquisitions or leases of 
real property.
Sec. 2813. Increased term limit for intergovernmental support agreements 
to provide installation support services.
Sec. 2814. Authorizing reimbursement of States for costs of suppressing 
wildfires caused by Department of Defense activities on State 
lands; restoration of lands of other Federal agencies for 
damage caused by Department of Defense vehicle mishaps.
Sec. 2815. Criteria for exchanges of property at military installations.
Sec. 2816. Land exchange valuation of property with reduced development 
that limits encroachment on military installations.
Sec. 2817. Requirements for window fall prevention devices in military 
family housing.
Sec. 2818. Prohibiting use of updated assessment of public schools on 
Department of Defense installations to supersede funding of 
certain projects.
Sec. 2819. Access to military installations by transportation network 
companies.
Subtitle C--Project Management and Oversight Reforms
Sec. 2821. Notification requirement for certain cost increases.
Sec. 2822. Annual report on schedule delays.
Sec. 2823. Report on design errors and omissions related to Fort Bliss 
hospital replacement project.
Sec. 2824. Report on cost increase and delay related to USSTRATCOM 
command and control facility project at Offutt Air Force 
Base.
Subtitle D--Energy Resilience
Sec. 2831. Energy resilience.
Sec. 2832. Authority to use energy cost savings for energy resilience, 
mission assurance, and weather damage repair and prevention 
measures.
Sec. 2833. Consideration of energy security and energy resilience in 
awarding energy and fuel contracts for military 
installations.
Sec. 2834. Requirement to address energy resilience in exercising 
utility system conveyance authority.
Sec. 2835. In-kind lease payments; prioritization of utility services 
that promote energy resilience.
Sec. 2836. Annual Department of Defense energy management reports.
Sec. 2837. Aggregation of energy efficiency and energy resilience 
projects in life cycle cost analyses.
Subtitle E--Land Conveyances
Sec. 2841. Land exchange, Naval Industrial Reserve Ordnance Plant, 
Sunnyvale, California.
Sec. 2842. Land conveyance, Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho.
Sec. 2843. Lease of real property to the United States Naval Academy 
Alumni Association and Naval Academy Foundation at United 
States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland.
Sec. 2844. Land Conveyance, Natick Soldier Systems Center, 
Massachusetts.
Sec. 2845. Land exchange, Naval Air Station Corpus Christi, Texas.
Sec. 2846. Imposition of additional conditions on future use of Castner 
Range, Fort Bliss, Texas.
Sec. 2847. Land conveyance, former missile alert facility known as 
Quebec-01, Laramie County, Wyoming.
Subtitle F--Military Memorials, Monuments, and Museums
Sec. 2861. Recognition of the National Museum of World War II Aviation.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1303]]
Sec. 2862. Principal office of Aviation Hall of Fame.
Sec. 2863. Establishment of a visitor services facility on the Arlington 
Ridge tract.
Sec. 2864. Modification of prohibition on transfer of veterans memorial 
objects to foreign governments without specific authorization 
in law.
Subtitle G--Other Matters
Sec. 2871. Authority of the Secretary of the Air Force to accept lessee 
improvements at Air Force Plant 42.
Sec. 2872. Modification of Department of Defense guidance on use of 
airfield pavement markings.
Sec. 2873. Authority of Chief Operating Officer of Armed Forces 
Retirement Home to acquire and lease property.
Sec. 2874. Restrictions on rehabilitation of Over-the-Horizon 
Backscatter Radar Station.
Sec. 2875. Permitting machine room-less elevators in Department of 
Defense facilities.
Sec. 2876. Disclosure of beneficial ownership by foreign persons of high 
security space leased by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 2877. Joint use of Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Marietta, Georgia, 
with civil aviation.
Sec. 2878. Report on hurricane damage to Department of Defense assets.
Sec. 2879. Special rules for certain projects.
Sec. 2880. Energy security for military installations in Europe.
TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION
Sec. 2901. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition project.
Sec. 2903. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
project.
Sec. 2904. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition 
project.
Sec. 2905. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 2906. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2015 
projects.
DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS
TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS
Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations
Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.
Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations
Sec. 3111. Nuclear security enterprise infrastructure modernization 
initiative.
Sec. 3112. Incorporation of integrated surety architecture in 
transportation.
Sec. 3113. Cost estimates for life extension program and major 
alteration projects.
Sec. 3114. Improved information relating to certain defense nuclear 
nonproliferation programs.
Sec. 3115. Research and development of advanced naval reactor fuel based 
on low-enriched uranium.
Sec. 3116. National Nuclear Security Administration pay and performance 
system.
Sec. 3117. Budget requests and certification regarding nuclear weapons 
dismantlement.
Sec. 3118. Nuclear warhead design competition.
Sec. 3119. Modification of minor construction threshold for plant 
projects.
Sec. 3120. Extension of authorization of Advisory Board on Toxic 
Substances and Worker Health.
Sec. 3121. Use of funds for construction and project support activities 
relating to MOX facility.
Sec. 3122. Prohibition on availability of funds for programs in Russian 
Federation.
Subtitle C--Plans and Reports
Sec. 3131. Annual Selected Acquisition Reports on certain hardware 
relating to defense nuclear nonproliferation.
Sec. 3132. Annual reports on unfunded priorities of National Nuclear 
Security Administration.
Sec. 3133. Modification of certain reporting requirements.
Sec. 3134. Modification to stockpile stewardship, management, and 
responsiveness plan.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1304]]
Sec. 3135. Assessment and development of prototype nuclear weapons of 
foreign countries.
Sec. 3136. Plan for verification, detection, and monitoring of nuclear 
weapons and fissile material.
Sec. 3137. Review of United States nuclear and radiological terrorism 
prevention strategy.
Sec. 3138. Assessment of management and operating contracts of national 
security laboratories.
Sec. 3139. Evaluation of classification of certain defense nuclear 
waste.
Sec. 3140. Improved reporting for anti-smuggling radiation detection 
systems.
Sec. 3141. Plutonium capabilities.
Sec. 3142. Report on critical decision 1 on Material Staging Facility 
project.
Sec. 3143. Plan to further minimize the use of highly enriched uranium 
for medical isotopes.
Subtitle D--Other Matters
Sec. 3151. Sense of Congress regarding compensation of individuals 
relating to uranium mining and nuclear testing.
TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD
Sec. 3201. Authorization.
TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES
Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.
TITLE XXXV--MARITIME MATTERS
Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Merchant Ship Sales Act of 1946.
Sec. 3503. Maritime Security Fleet Program; restriction on operation for 
new entrants.
Sec. 3504. Codification of sections relating to acquisition, charter, 
and requisition of vessels.
Sec. 3505. Assistance for small shipyards.
Sec. 3506. Report on sexual assault victim recovery in the Coast Guard.
Sec. 3507. Centers of excellence.
Sec. 3508. Foreign spill protection.
Sec. 3509. Removal of adjunct professor limit at United States Merchant 
Marine Academy.
Sec. 3510. Acceptance of guarantees in conjunction with partial 
donations for major projects of the United States Merchant 
Marine Academy.
Sec. 3511. Authority to pay conveyance or transfer expenses in 
connection with acceptance of a gift to the United States 
Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3512. Authority to participate in Federal, State or other research 
grants.
Sec. 3513. Provision of satellite communication devices during Sea Year 
program.
Sec. 3514. Actions to address sexual harassment, dating violence, 
domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking at the United 
States Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3515. Sexual assault prevention and response staff for the United 
States Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3516. Protection of cadets at the United States Merchant Marine 
Academy from sexual assault onboard commercial vessels.
Sec. 3517. Training requirement for sexual assault investigators.
DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES
Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.
TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT
Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.
TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION
Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
contingency operations.
TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
operations.
TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL
Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1305]]
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.
TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS
Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.
TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION
Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.
TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS
Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.
SEC. 3. <>  CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE 
COMMITTEES.
In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United States 
Code.
SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.
The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purposes of complying 
with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by 
reference to the latest statement titled ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO 
Legislation'' for this Act, jointly submitted for printing in the 
Congressional Record by the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget 
Committees, provided that such statement has been submitted prior to the 
vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference report or 
amendment between the Houses.
DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS
TITLE I--PROCUREMENT
Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations
Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.
Subtitle B--Army Programs
Sec. 111. Authority to expedite procurement of 7.62mm rifles.
Sec. 112. Limitation on availability of funds for Increment 2 of the 
Warfighter Information Network-Tactical program.
Sec. 113. Limitation on availability of funds for upgrade of M113 
vehicles.
Subtitle C--Navy Programs
Sec. 121. Aircraft carriers.
Sec. 122. Icebreaker vessel.
Sec. 123. Multiyear procurement authority for Arleigh Burke class 
destroyers.
Sec. 124. Multiyear procurement authority for Virginia class submarine 
program.
Sec. 125. Design and construction of the lead ship of the amphibious 
ship replacement designated LX(R) or amphibious transport 
dock designated LPD-30.
Sec. 126. Multiyear procurement authority for V-22 Osprey aircraft.
Sec. 127. Extension of limitation on use of sole-source shipbuilding 
contracts for certain vessels.
Sec. 128. Limitation on availability of funds for the enhanced multi-
mission parachute system.
Sec. 129. Report on Navy capacity to increase production of certain 
rotary wing aircraft.
Subtitle D--Air Force Programs
Sec. 131. Inventory requirement for Air Force fighter aircraft.
Sec. 132. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of E-8 
JSTARS aircraft.
Sec. 133. Requirement for continuation of JSTARS aircraft 
recapitalization program.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1306]]
Sec. 134. Limitation on selection of single contractor for C-130H 
avionics modernization program increment 2.
Sec. 135. Limitation on availability of funds for EC-130H Compass Call 
recapitalization program.
Sec. 136. Limitation on retirement of U-2 and RQ-4 aircraft.
Sec. 137. Cost-benefit analysis of upgrades to MQ-9 Reaper aircraft.
Sec. 138. Plan for modernization of the radar for F-16 fighter aircraft 
of the National Guard.
Sec. 139. Comptroller General review of Air Force fielding plan for HH-
60 replacement programs.
Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters
Sec. 141. F-35 economic order quantity contracting authority.
Sec. 142. Authority for explosive ordnance disposal units to acquire new 
or emerging technologies and capabilities.
Sec. 143.  Requirement that certain aircraft and unmanned aerial 
vehicles use specified standard data link.
Sec. 144. Reinstatement of requirement to preserve certain C-5 aircraft; 
mobility capability and requirements study.
Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations
SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the Air 
Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in the funding table in 
section 4101.
Subtitle B--Army Programs
SEC. 111. AUTHORITY TO EXPEDITE PROCUREMENT OF 7.62MM RIFLES.
(a) 7.62mm Rifles.--
(1) Procurement authority.--The Secretary of the Army is 
authorized to expedite the procurement of a commercially 
available off-the-shelf item or nondevelopmental item for a 
7.62mm rifle capability in accordance with this section.
(2) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Army may use the 
authority under paragraph (1) to procure only the following:
(A) Not more than 7,000 7.62mm rifles.
(B) Equipment and ammunition associated with such 
rifles.
(3) Contracting procedures.--
(A) Full and open competition.--In awarding 
contracts under paragraph (1), the Secretary of the Army 
shall use full and open competition to the extent 
practicable.
(B) Procedures other than full and open 
competition.--The Secretary of the Army may not award a 
contract under paragraph (1) using procedures other than 
full and open competition until a period of 10 days has 
elapsed following the date on which the Secretary 
submits to the congressional committees the report 
described in subparagraph (C).
(C) Report.--The report described in this 
subparagraph is a report of the Secretary of the Army 
that includes--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1307]]
(i) a detailed justification for limiting full 
and open competition for the procurement 
authorized under paragraph (1);
(ii) a description of the objectives, costs, 
and timelines associated with the procurement; and
(iii) an assessment of the projected impact of 
the procurement on any related programs in terms 
of cost, schedule, and the use of full and open 
competition in such programs.
(b) Related Programs.--
(1) In general.--The Secretary of the Army is authorized to 
use funds made available to carry out subsection (a)--
(A) to accelerate by two years the squad designated 
marksman rifle program of the Army;
(B) to accelerate by two years the advanced armor 
piercing ammunition program of the Army; and
(C) subject to paragraph (2), to accelerate the next 
generation squad weapon program of the Army.
(2) Full and open competition.--Any contract awarded under 
the next generation squad weapon program of the Army shall be 
awarded using full and open competition.
(c) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``commercially 
available off-the-shelf item'', ``full and open competition'', and 
``nondevelopmental item'' have the meanings given the terms in chapter 1 
of title 41, United States Code.
SEC. 112. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR INCREMENT 2 OF 
THE WARFIGHTER INFORMATION NETWORK-
TACTICAL PROGRAM.
(a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for fiscal 
year 2018 for Increment 2 of the Warfighter Information Network-Tactical 
program of the Army (referred to in this section as ``WIN-T Increment 
2'') not more than 50 percent may be used to enter into, or to prepare 
to enter into, a contract for the procurement of equipment under the 
program until the date on which the Secretary of the Army submits the 
report under subsection (b).
(b) Report.--Not later than January 31, 2018, the Secretary of the 
Army, in consultation with the Chief of Staff of the Army, shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report on the strategy of the 
Army for modernizing air-land ad-hoc, mobile tactical communications and 
data networks.
(c) Elements.--The report under subsection (b) shall include the 
following:
(1) A description of the strategy of the Army for 
modernizing air-land ad-hoc, mobile tactical communications and 
data networks.
(2) The justification, rationale, and decision points for 
the strategy, including how network requirements are being 
redefined.
(3) How the Army intends to implement the recommendations 
accepted by the Secretary of the Army related to air-land ad-
hoc, mobile tactical communications and data networks provided 
by the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation 
pursuant to section 237 of the National Defense
[[Page 131 STAT. 1308]]
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 
Stat. 781).
(4) How the Army will address the vulnerabilities identified 
by the report of the Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
Evaluation on the mobile, ad-hoc network against a modern peer 
adversary capable of cyber and electronic warfare detection and 
intrusion.
(5) A timeline and decision points for upgrading fielded 
WIN-T Increment 1B systems.
(6) A list of planned upgrades for components of WIN-T 
Increment 2 designed to improve program capabilities, including 
size, weight, and complexity, including the impact of these 
improvements on the cost of the program, as well as fielding 
schedules for Army Brigade Combat Teams.
(7) How the strategy will reduce Army reliance on satellite 
communications, including procurement and test strategies for 
more resilient and secure mid-tier line of sight capability.
(8) How the strategy will address identified joint 
interoperability capability gaps, specifically for units known 
as ``fight tonight'' units, including procurement and test plans 
for identified solutions.
(9) Decision points associated with the near term 
modernization strategy for mitigating operational capability 
gaps for such ``fight tonight'' units.
(10) The decision points and timelines associated with the 
fielding of modernized mobile tactical network communications to 
the reserve components of the Army.
(11) The planned funding and program realignments required 
for fiscal year 2018 and across the future years defense program 
that will be required to support the new strategy.
(12) Identification of the changes in acquisition policy as 
well as operational requirements being implemented to deliver an 
effective, suitable, and survivable network to the warfighter.
(13) Identification of the changes in leadership and 
governance that will be associated with the new strategy.
(d) Form of Report.--The report required by section (b) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
SEC. 113. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR UPGRADE OF M113 
VEHICLES.
(a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for the upgrade of 
M113 vehicles of the Army, not more than 50 percent may be obligated or 
expended until the date on which Secretary of the Army submits to the 
congressional defense committees the report described in subsection (b).
(b) Report.--The report described in this subsection is a report 
setting forth the strategy of the Army for the upgrade of M113 vehicles 
that includes the following:
(1) A detailed strategy for upgrading and fielding M113 
vehicles.
(2) An analysis of the manner in which the Army plans to 
address M113 vehicle survivability and maneuverability concerns.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1309]]
(3) An analysis of the historical costs associated with 
upgrading M113 vehicles, and a validation of current cost 
estimates for upgrading such vehicles.
(4) A comparison of--
(A) the total procurement and life cycle costs of 
adding an echelon above brigade requirement to the Army 
Multi-Purpose Vehicle; and
(B) the total procurement and life cycle costs of 
upgrading legacy M113 vehicles.
(5) An analysis of the possibility of further accelerating 
Army Multi-Purpose Vehicle production or modifying the fielding 
strategy for the Army Multi-Purpose Vehicle to meet near-term 
echelon above brigade requirements.
Subtitle C--Navy Programs
SEC. 121. AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.
(a) Modification of Cost Limitation Baseline for CVN-78 Class 
Aircraft Carrier Program.--Section 122 of the John Warner National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 
Stat. 2105), as most recently amended by section 122 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 
Stat. 749), is amended--
(1) in subsection (a), by striking paragraph (2) and 
inserting the following:
``(2) Carrier designated as cvn-79.--The total amount 
obligated from funds appropriated or otherwise made available 
for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, or for any other 
procurement account, for the aircraft carrier designated as CVN-
79 may not exceed $11,398,000,000 (as adjusted pursuant to 
subsection (b)).
``(3) Follow-on ships.--The total amount obligated from 
funds appropriated or otherwise made available for Shipbuilding 
and Conversion, Navy, or for any other procurement account, for 
any ship that is constructed in the CVN-78 class of aircraft 
carriers after the aircraft carrier designated as CVN-79 may not 
exceed $12,568,000,000 (as adjusted pursuant to subsection 
(b)).'';
(2) in subsection (b), by amending paragraph (1) to read as 
follows:
``(1) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs 
attributable to economic inflation--
``(A) after September 30, 2013, in the case of the 
aircraft carrier designated as CVN-79; and
``(B) after September 30, 2017, in the case of any 
ship that is constructed in the CVN-78 class of aircraft 
carriers after the aircraft carrier designated as CVN-
79.''; and
(3) by adding at the end the following:
``(g) Exclusion of Battle and Interim Spares From Cost Limitation.--
The Secretary of the Navy shall exclude from the determination of the 
amounts set forth in paragraphs (2) and (3) of subsection (a), the costs 
of the following items:
``(1) CVN-78 class battle spares.
``(2) Interim spares.''.
(b) Waiver on Limitation of Availability of Funds for CVN-79.--The 
Secretary of Defense may waive subsections (a) and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1310]]
(b) of section 128 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 751) after a period of 60 days 
has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary submits to the 
congressional defense committees a written notification of the intent of 
the Secretary to issue such a waiver. The Secretary shall include in any 
such notification the following:
(1) The rationale of the Secretary for issuing the waiver.
(2) The revised test and evaluation master plan that 
describes when full ship shock trials will be held on Ford-class 
aircraft carriers.
(3) A certification that the Secretary has analyzed and 
accepted the operational risk of the U.S.S. Gerald R. Ford 
deploying without having conducted full ship shock trials, and 
that the Secretary has not delegated the decision to issue such 
waiver.
SEC. 122. ICEBREAKER VESSEL.
(a) Authority to Procure One Polar-class Heavy Icebreaker.--
(1) In general.--There is authorized to be procured for the 
Coast Guard one polar-class heavy icebreaker vessel.
(2) Condition for out-year contract payments.--A contract 
entered into under paragraph (1) shall provide that any 
obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2018 is subject to 
the availability of appropriations or funds for that purpose for 
such later fiscal year.
(b) Limitation on Availability of Funds for Procurement of 
Icebreaker Vessels.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for 
any fiscal year that are unobligated as of the date of the enactment of 
this Act may be obligated or expended for the procurement of an 
icebreaker vessel other than the one polar-class heavy icebreaker vessel 
authorized to be procured under subsection (a)(1).
(c) Contracting Authority.--
(1) Coast guard.--If funds are appropriated to the 
department in which the Coast Guard is operating to carry out 
subsection (a)(1), the head of contracting activity for the 
Coast Guard shall be responsible for contracting actions carried 
out using such funds.
(2) Navy.--If funds are appropriated to the Department of 
Defense to carry out subsection (a)(1), the head of contracting 
activity for the Navy, Naval Sea Systems Command shall be 
responsible for contracting actions carried out using such 
funds.
(3) Interagency acquisition.--Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) 
and (2), the head of contracting activity for the Coast Guard or 
head of contracting activity for the Navy, Naval Sea Systems 
Command (as the case may be) may authorize interagency 
acquisitions that are within the authority of such head of 
contracting activity.
(d) Comptroller General Report.--
(1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees, the Committee on Commerce, 
Science, and Transportation of the Senate, and the Committee
[[Page 131 STAT. 1311]]
on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives a report assessing the cost of, and schedule 
for, the procurement of new icebreaker vessels for the Federal 
Government.
(2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include 
an analysis of the following:
(A) The status of the efforts of the Coast Guard to 
acquire new icebreaking capability, including an 
explanation of how such efforts are coordinated through 
the integrated program office.
(B) Actions taken by the Coast Guard to incorporate 
key practices of other countries with respect to the 
procurement of icebreaker vessels to increase the Coast 
Guard's knowledge of, and to reduce the costs and risks 
of, procuring such vessels.
(C) The extent to which the cost and schedule for 
the construction of Coast Guard icebreakers differs from 
such cost and schedule in other countries.
(D) The extent to which innovative acquisition 
practices (such as multiyear funding and block buys) may 
be applied to the procurement of icebreaker vessels to 
reduce the costs and accelerate the schedule of such 
procurement.
(E) A capacity replacement plan to mitigate a 
potential icebreaker capability gap if the Polar Star 
cannot remain in service.
(F) Any other matters the Comptroller General 
considers appropriate.
SEC. 123. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR ARLEIGH BURKE CLASS 
DESTROYERS.
(a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Navy may enter 
into one or more multiyear contracts for the procurement of up to 15 
Arleigh Burke class Flight III guided missile destroyers.
(b) Authority for Advance Procurement.--The Secretary of the Navy 
may enter into one or more contracts, beginning in fiscal year 2018, for 
advance procurement associated with the destroyers for which 
authorization to enter into a multiyear procurement contract is provided 
under subsection (a), and for systems and subsystems associated with 
such destroyers in economic order quantities when cost savings are 
achievable.
(c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2018 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
or funds for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
(d) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy may not modify a contract 
entered into under subsection (a) if the modification would increase the 
target price of the destroyer by more than 10 percent above the target 
price specified in the original contract awarded for the destroyer under 
subsection (a).
SEC. 124. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR VIRGINIA CLASS 
SUBMARINE PROGRAM.
(a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the
[[Page 131 STAT. 1312]]
Navy may enter into one or more multiyear contracts for the procurement 
of not more than 13 Virginia class submarines.
(b) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy may not modify a contract 
entered into under subsection (a) if the modification would increase the 
target price of the submarine by more than 10 percent above the target 
price specified in the original contract awarded for the submarine under 
subsection (a).
(c) Authority for Advance Procurement.--The Secretary of the Navy 
may enter into one or more contracts, beginning in fiscal year 2018, for 
advance procurement associated with the Virginia class submarines for 
which authorization to enter into a multiyear procurement contract is 
provided under subsection (a) and for equipment or subsystems associated 
with the Virginia class submarine program, including procurement of--
(1) long lead time material; or
(2) material or equipment in economic order quantities when 
cost savings are achievable.
(d) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2019 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
or funds for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
(e) Limitation on Termination Liability.--A contract for the 
construction of Virginia class submarines entered into under subsection 
(a) shall include a clause that limits the liability of the United 
States to the contractor for any termination of the contract. The 
maximum liability of the United States under the clause shall be the 
amount appropriated for the submarines covered by the contract 
regardless of the amount obligated under the contract.
(f) Virginia Class Submarine Defined.--The term ``Virginia class 
submarine'' means a block V configured Virginia class submarine.
SEC. 125. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF THE LEAD SHIP OF THE 
AMPHIBIOUS SHIP REPLACEMENT DESIGNATED 
LX(R) OR AMPHIBIOUS TRANSPORT DOCK 
DESIGNATED LPD-30.
(a) In General.--Using funds authorized to be appropriated for the 
Department of Defense for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, the 
Secretary of the Navy may enter into a contract, beginning with the 
fiscal year 2018 program year, for the design and construction of--
(1) the lead ship of the amphibious ship replacement class 
designated LX(R); or
(2) the amphibious transport dock designated LPD-30.
(b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the contract 
entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary may use incremental 
funding to make payments under the contract.
(c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--The contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under such contract for any fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2018 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
SEC. 126. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR V-22 OSPREY 
AIRCRAFT.
(a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code (except as provided
[[Page 131 STAT. 1313]]
in subsection (b)), the Secretary of the Navy may enter into one or more 
multiyear contracts, beginning with the 2018 program year, for the 
procurement of the following:
(1) V-22 Osprey aircraft.
(2) Common configuration-readiness and modernization 
upgrades for V-22 Osprey aircraft.
(b) Contract Period.--Notwithstanding section 2306b(k) of title 10, 
United States Code, the period covered by a contract entered into on a 
multiyear basis under the authority of subsection (a) may exceed five 
years, but may not exceed seven years.
(c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2018 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
or funds for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
SEC. 127. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON USE OF SOLE-SOURCE 
SHIPBUILDING CONTRACTS FOR CERTAIN 
VESSELS.
Section 124 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended by striking ``2017'' and 
inserting ``2017 or fiscal year 2018''.
SEC. 128. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THE ENHANCED 
MULTI-MISSION PARACHUTE SYSTEM.
(a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for fiscal 
year 2018 for the enhanced multi-mission parachute system, not more than 
80 percent may be used to enter into, or to prepare to enter into, a 
contract for the procurement of such parachute system until the date on 
which the Secretary of the Navy submits to the congressional defense 
committees the certification under subsection (b) and the report under 
subsection (c).
(b) Certification.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a certification that states--
(1) whether the multi-mission parachute system fielded by 
the Marine Corps meets Marine Corps requirements;
(2) whether the RA-1 parachute system of the Army meets 
Marine Corps requirements;
(3) whether the PARIS, Special Application Parachute of the 
Marine Corps meets Marine Corps requirements;
(4) whether the testing plan for the enhanced multi-mission 
parachute system meets all applicable regulatory requirements; 
and
(5) whether the Department of the Navy has determined that a 
high glide canopy parachute system is as safe and effective as 
the fielded free fall parachute systems.
(c) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report that includes--
(1) an explanation for using the Parachute Industry 
Association specification for a military parachute given that 
sports parachutes are deployed from relatively slow flying 
civilian aircraft at altitudes below 10,000 feet;
[[Page 131 STAT. 1314]]
(2) a cost estimate for any new equipment and training that 
the Marine Corps will require in order to use a high glide 
parachute;
(3) justification for why the Department of the Navy is not 
conducting any testing of parachutes until first article 
testing; and
(4) an assessment of the risks associated with high glide 
canopy parachutes with a focus on how the Department of the Navy 
will mitigate the risk of malfunctions experienced in other high 
glide canopy parachute programs.
SEC. 129. REPORT ON NAVY CAPACITY TO INCREASE PRODUCTION OF 
CERTAIN ROTARY WING AIRCRAFT.
(a) Report.--Not later than March 30, 2018, the Secretary of the 
Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
describes and assesses the capacity of the Navy to increase production 
of the aircraft described in subsection (b), taking into account an 
increase in the size of the surface fleet of the Navy to 355 ships.
(b) Aircraft Described.--The aircraft described in this subsection 
are the following:
(1) Anti-submarine warfare rotary wing aircraft.
(2) Search and rescue rotary wing aircraft.
Subtitle D--Air Force Programs
SEC. 131. INVENTORY REQUIREMENT FOR AIR FORCE FIGHTER AIRCRAFT.
(a) Inventory Requirement.--Section 8062 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
``(i)(1) During the period beginning on October 1, 2017, and ending 
on October 1, 2022, the Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain a 
total aircraft inventory of fighter aircraft of not less than 1,970 
aircraft, and a total primary mission aircraft inventory (combat-coded) 
of not less than 1,145 fighter aircraft.
``(2) In this subsection:
``(A) The term `fighter aircraft' means an aircraft that--
``(i) is designated by a mission design series 
prefix of F- or A-;
``(ii) is manned by one or two crewmembers; and
``(iii) executes single-role or multi-role missions, 
including air-to-air combat, air-to-ground attack, air 
interdiction, suppression or destruction of enemy air 
defenses, close air support, strike control and 
reconnaissance, combat search and rescue support, or 
airborne forward air control.
``(B) The term `primary mission aircraft inventory' means 
aircraft assigned to meet the primary aircraft authorization to 
a unit for the performance of its wartime mission.''.
(b) <>  Limitation on Retirement of Air 
Force Fighter Aircraft.--
(1) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (c), 
during the period beginning on October 1, 2017, and ending on 
October 1, 2022, the Secretary of the Air Force may not proceed 
with a decision to retire fighter aircraft in any number that 
would reduce the total number of such aircraft in the
[[Page 131 STAT. 1315]]
Air Force total active inventory below 1,970, and shall maintain 
a minimum of 1,145 fighter aircraft designated as primary 
mission aircraft inventory.
(2) Additional limitations on retirement of fighter 
aircraft.--Except as provided in subsection (c), during the 
period beginning on October 1, 2017, and ending on October 1, 
2022, the Secretary of the Air Force may not retire fighter 
aircraft from the total active inventory as of the date of the 
enactment of this Act until the later of the following:
(A) The date that is 30 days after the date on which 
the Secretary submits the report required under 
paragraph (3).
(B) The date that is 30 days after the date on which 
the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense 
committees that--
(i) the retirement of such fighter aircraft 
will not increase the operational risk of meeting 
the National Defense Strategy; and
(ii) the retirement of such aircraft will not 
reduce the total fighter force structure below 
1,970 fighter aircraft or the primary mission 
aircraft inventory below 1,145.
(3) Report on retirement of aircraft.--The Secretary of the 
Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report setting forth the following:
(A) The rationale for the retirement of existing 
fighter aircraft and an operational analysis of the 
portfolio of capabilities of the Air Force that 
demonstrates performance of the designated mission at an 
equal or greater level of effectiveness as the retiring 
aircraft.
(B) An assessment of the implications for the Air 
Force, the Air National Guard, and the Air Force Reserve 
of the force mix ratio of fighter aircraft.
(C) Such other matters relating to the retirement of 
fighter aircraft as the Secretary considers appropriate.
(c) Exception for Certain Aircraft.--The requirement of subsection 
(b) does not apply to individual fighter aircraft that the Secretary of 
the Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be non-operational 
because of mishaps, other damage, or being uneconomical to repair.
(d) Fighter Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the term ``fighter 
aircraft'' has the meaning given the term in subsection (i)(2)(A) of 
section 8062 of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a) 
of this section.
SEC. 132. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF 
E-8 JSTARS AIRCRAFT.
(a) Prohibition on Availability of Funds for Retirement.--Except as 
provided by subsection (b), none of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
2018 for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to retire, or 
prepare to retire, any E-8 Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System 
aircraft.
(b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply to 
individual E-8 Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System aircraft 
that the Secretary of the Air Force determines,
[[Page 131 STAT. 1316]]
on a case-by-case basis, to be non-operational because of mishaps, other 
damage, or being uneconomical to repair.
SEC. 133. REQUIREMENT FOR CONTINUATION OF JSTARS AIRCRAFT 
RECAPITALIZATION PROGRAM.
(a) In General.--If the budget request submitted to Congress for any 
fiscal year includes a request by the Secretary of the Air Force to 
cancel or modify the JSTARS aircraft recapitalization program, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit, as part of such budget request, the 
report described in subsection (b).
(b) Report.--The report described in this subsection, is a report 
that includes the following:
(1) The assumptions, rationale, and all analysis supporting 
the proposed cancellation or modification of the JSTARS aircraft 
recapitalization program.
(2) An assessment of the implications of such cancellation 
or modification for meeting the mission requirements for air 
battle management and moving target indicator intelligence 
discipline of the Air Force, the Air National Guard, the Army, 
the Army National Guard, the Navy and Marine Corps, and the 
combatant commands.
(3) A certification that the plan for the cancellation or 
modification of the recapitalization program would not result in 
an increased time during which there is a capability or capacity 
gap in providing battlefield management, command and control and 
intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance capabilities to 
the combatant commanders.
(4) Such other matters relating to the proposed cancellation 
or modification as the Secretary considers appropriate.
(c) Form of Report.--The report under subsection (b) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
(d) Definitions.--In this section:
(1) The term ``budget request'' means the budget materials 
submitted by the Secretary of Defense in support of the budget 
of the President for a fiscal year (submitted to Congress 
pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States Code).
(2) The term ``JSTARS aircraft recapitalization program'' 
means the recapitalization program for the E-8C Joint 
Surveillance Target Attack Radar System aircraft as such program 
is proposed to be carried out in the budget request submitted to 
Congress for fiscal year 2018.
SEC. 134. LIMITATION ON SELECTION OF SINGLE CONTRACTOR FOR C-130H 
AVIONICS MODERNIZATION PROGRAM INCREMENT 
2.
(a) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Air Force may not select only 
a single prime contractor to carry out increment 2 of the C-130H 
avionics modernization program until the Secretary submits to the 
congressional defense committees a written certification that, in 
selecting such a single prime contractor--
(1) the Secretary will ensure, to the extent practicable, 
that commercially available off-the-shelf items are used under 
the program, including technology solutions and nondevelopmental 
items; and
(2) excessively restrictive military specification standards 
will not be used to restrict or eliminate full and open 
competition in the selection process.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1317]]
(b) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``commercially 
available off-the-shelf item'', ``full and open competition'', and 
``nondevelopmental item'' have the meanings given the terms in chapter 1 
of title 41, United States Code.
SEC. 135. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR EC-130H COMPASS 
CALL RECAPITALIZATION PROGRAM.
(a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for any fiscal year for the EC-130H 
Compass Call recapitalization program of the Air Force may be obligated 
until a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on which the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics 
submits to the congressional defense committees the certification 
described in subsection (b).
(b) Certification.--The certification described in this subsection 
is a written statement certifying that--
(1) an independent review of the acquisition process for the 
EC-130H Compass Call recapitalization program of the Air Force 
has been conducted; and
(2) as a result of such review, it has been determined that 
the acquisition process for such program complies with all 
applicable laws, guidelines, and best practices.
SEC. 136. LIMITATION ON RETIREMENT OF U-2 AND RQ-4 AIRCRAFT.
(a) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Air Force may take no action 
that would prevent the Air Force from maintaining the fleets of U-2 
aircraft or RQ-4 aircraft in their current, or improved, configurations 
and capabilities until--
(1) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics certifies in writing to the 
appropriate committees of Congress that--
(A) in the case of the RQ-4 aircraft, the validated 
operating and sustainment costs of the capability 
developed to replace the RQ-4 aircraft are less than the 
validated operating and sustainment costs for the RQ-4 
aircraft on a comparable flight-hour cost basis; or
(B) in the case of the U-2 aircraft, the validated 
operating and sustainment costs of the capability 
developed to replace the U-2 aircraft are less than the 
validated operating and sustainment costs for the U-2 
aircraft on a comparable flight-hour cost basis; and
(2) the Chairman of the Joint Requirements Oversight Council 
certifies in writing to the appropriate committees of Congress 
that the capability to be fielded at the same time or before the 
retirement of the U-2 aircraft or RQ-4 aircraft (as the case may 
be) would result in equal or greater capability available to the 
commanders of the combatant commands and would not result in 
less capacity available to the commanders of the combatant 
commands.
(b) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the certification 
requirement under subsection (a)(1) with respect to U-2 aircraft or RQ-4 
aircraft if the Secretary--
(1) determines, after analyzing sufficient and relevant 
data, that a greater capability is worth increased operating and 
sustainment costs; and
(2) provides to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
certification of such determination and supporting analysis.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1318]]
(c) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
(1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
Appropriations, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
Senate; and
(2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
Appropriations, and the Permanent Select Committee on 
Intelligence of the House of Representatives.
(d) Repeal.--Section 133 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1321) is repealed.
SEC. 137. COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF UPGRADES TO MQ-9 REAPER 
AIRCRAFT.
(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
Secretary of the Air Force, shall conduct an analysis that compares the 
costs and benefits of the following:
(1) Upgrading fielded MQ-9 Reaper aircraft to a Block 5 
configuration.
(2) Proceeding with the procurement of MQ-9B aircraft 
instead of upgrading fielded MQ-9 Reaper aircraft to a Block 5 
configuration.
(b) Report Required.--
(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report that includes 
the results of the cost-benefit analysis conducted under 
subsection (a).
(2) Form of report.--The report required by paragraph (1) 
shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
classified annex.
SEC. 138. PLAN FOR MODERNIZATION OF THE RADAR FOR F-16 FIGHTER 
AIRCRAFT OF THE NATIONAL GUARD.
(a) Modernization Plan Required.--The Secretary of the Air Force 
shall develop a plan to modernize the radars of F-16 fighter aircraft of 
the National Guard by replacing legacy mechanically-scanned radars for 
such aircraft with active electronically scanned array radars.
(b) Report.--Not later 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees the plan developed under subsection 
(a).
SEC. 139. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REVIEW OF AIR FORCE FIELDING PLAN 
FOR HH-60 REPLACEMENT PROGRAMS.
(a) Comptroller General Review.--The Comptroller General of the 
United States shall conduct a review of the Air Force fielding plan for 
the HH-60 replacement programs.
(b) Elements.--The review conducted under subsection (a) shall 
include, with respect to the HH-60 replacement programs, the following:
(1) A description of the recommendations of the National 
Commission on the Structure of the Air Force regarding the use 
of concurrent and proportional fielding and how the Air Force 
applied the recommendations in the fielding plan for the HH-60G 
replacement programs.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1319]]
(2) An evaluation of the fielding plan, including an 
assessment of the Air Force rationale for the plan, as well as 
the alternative fielding plans considered by the Air Force.
(3) An evaluation of the potential readiness impact of the 
fielding plan on active duty, National Guard, and Reserve units, 
including the impact of the plan on the ability of such units to 
meet training, maintenance, and deployment requirements, as well 
as the implications for total force integration initiatives 
should the fielding not be proportional.
(c) Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the Comptroller General 
shall provide a briefing to the congressional defense committees on the 
review conducted under subsection (a).
(d) Final Report.--Not later than June 30, 2018, the Comptroller 
General shall submit to the congressional committees a report that 
includes the results of the review conducted under subsection (a).
(e) HH-60G Replacement Programs Defined.--In this section, the term 
``HH-60G replacement programs'' means the HH-60G Ops Loss Replacement 
program and the HH-60W Combat Rescue Helicopter program.
Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters
SEC. 141. F-35 ECONOMIC ORDER QUANTITY CONTRACTING AUTHORITY.
(a) In General.--Subject to subsections (b) through (e), from 
amounts made available for obligation under the F-35 aircraft program, 
the Secretary of Defense may enter into one or more contracts, beginning 
with the fiscal year 2018 program year, for the procurement of economic 
order quantities of material and equipment that has completed formal 
hardware qualification testing for the F-35 aircraft program for use in 
procurement contracts to be awarded for such program during fiscal years 
2019 and 2020.
(b) Limitation.--The total amount obligated under all contracts 
entered into under subsection (a) shall not exceed $661,000,000.
(c) Preliminary Findings.--Before entering into a contract under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall make each of the following findings 
with respect to such contract:
(1) The use of such a contract will result in significant 
savings of the total anticipated costs of carrying out the 
program through annual contracts.
(2) The minimum need for the property to be procured is 
expected to remain substantially unchanged during the 
contemplated contract period in terms of production rate, 
procurement rate, and total quantities.
(3) There is a reasonable expectation that, throughout the 
contemplated contract period, the Secretary will request funding 
for the contract at the level required to avoid contract 
cancellation.
(4) That there is a stable design for the property to be 
procured and that the technical risks associated with such 
property are not excessive.
(5) The estimates of both the cost of the contract and the 
anticipated cost avoidance through the use of an economic order 
quantity contract are realistic.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1320]]
(6) Entering into the contract will promote the national 
security interests of the United States.
(d) Certification Requirement.--Except as provided in subsection 
(e), the Secretary of Defense may not enter into a contract under 
subsection (a) until a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date 
on which the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense 
committees, in writing, that each of the following conditions is 
satisfied:
(1) A sufficient number of end items of the system being 
acquired under such contract have been delivered at or within 
the most recently available estimates of the program acquisition 
unit cost or procurement unit cost for such system to determine 
that the estimates of the unit costs are realistic.
(2) During the fiscal year in which such contract is to be 
awarded, sufficient funds will be available to perform the 
contract in such fiscal year, and the future-years defense 
program submitted to Congress under section 221 of title 10, 
United States Code, for that fiscal year will include the 
funding required to execute the program without cancellation.
(3) The contract is a fixed-price type contract.
(4) The proposed contract provides for production at not 
less than minimum economic rates given the existing tooling and 
facilities.
(5) The Secretary has determined that each of the conditions 
described in paragraphs (1) through (6) of subsection (c) will 
be met by such contract and has provided the basis for such 
determination to the congressional defense committees.
(6) The determination under paragraph (5) was made after the 
completion of a cost analysis performed by the Director of Cost 
Assessment and Program Evaluation for the purpose of section 
2334(e)(1) of title 10, United States Code, and the analysis 
supports that determination.
(e) Exception.--Notwithstanding subsection (d), the Secretary of 
Defense may enter into a contract under subsection (a) on or after March 
1, 2018, if--
(1) the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation 
has not completed a cost analysis of the preliminary findings 
made by the Secretary under subsection (c) with respect to the 
contract;
(2) the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense 
committees, in writing, that each of the conditions described in 
paragraphs (1) through (5) of subsection (d) is satisfied; and
(3) a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on 
which the Secretary submits the certification under paragraph 
(2).
SEC. 142. <>  AUTHORITY FOR EXPLOSIVE 
ORDNANCE DISPOSAL UNITS TO ACQUIRE NEW OR 
EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES AND CAPABILITIES.
The Secretary of Defense, after consultation with the head of each 
military service, may provide to an explosive ordnance disposal unit the 
authority to acquire new or emerging technologies and capabilities that 
are not specifically provided for in the authorized equipment allowance 
for the unit, as such allowance is set forth in the table of equipment 
and table of allowance for the unit.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1321]]
SEC. 143. REQUIREMENT THAT CERTAIN AIRCRAFT AND UNMANNED AERIAL 
VEHICLES USE SPECIFIED STANDARD DATA LINK.
Section 157 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1667) is amended--
(1) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
``(b) Solicitations.--The Secretary of Defense shall--
``(1) ensure that any solicitation issued for a Common Data 
Link described in subsection (a), regardless of whether the 
solicitation is issued by a military department or a contractor 
with respect to a subcontract--
``(A) conforms to a Department of Defense 
specification standard, including interfaces and 
waveforms, existing as of the date of the solicitation; 
and
``(B) does not include any proprietary or 
undocumented waveforms or control interfaces or data 
interfaces as a requirement or criterion for evaluation; 
and
``(2) notify the congressional defense committees not later 
than 15 days after issuing a solicitation for a Common Data Link 
to be sunset (CDL-TBS) waveform.''; and
(2) in subsection (c), in the matter preceding paragraph 
(1)--
(A) by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
``Deputy Secretary of Defense'';
(B) by striking ``Under Secretary'' and inserting 
``Deputy Secretary of Defense''; and
(C) by inserting ``before October 1, 2023'' after 
``committees''.
SEC. 144. REINSTATEMENT OF REQUIREMENT TO PRESERVE CERTAIN C-5 
AIRCRAFT; MOBILITY CAPABILITY AND 
REQUIREMENTS STUDY.
(a) Preservation of Retired Aircraft.--Section 141 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 
Stat. 1659), as amended by section 132 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), is amended 
by inserting after subsection (c) the following:
``(d) Preservation of Certain Retired C-5 Aircraft.--
``(1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall 
preserve eight retired C-5 aircraft until the date that is 30 
days after the date on which the briefing under section 144(b) 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 
is provided to the congressional defense committees.
``(2) Manner of preservation.--The retired C-5 aircraft 
preserved under paragraph (1) shall be preserved such that each 
aircraft--
``(A) can be returned to service; and
``(B) is not used to supply parts to other aircraft 
unless specifically authorized by the Secretary of 
Defense upon a request by the Secretary of the Air 
Force.''.
(b) Study and Briefing.--
(1) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
mobility capability and requirements study that estimates the 
number or airlift aircraft, tanker aircraft, and sealift ships 
needed to meet combatant commander requirements.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1322]]
(2) Briefing.--Not later than September 30, 2018, the 
Secretary of Defense shall provide to the congressional defense 
committees a briefing on the results of the study carried out 
under paragraph (1). The briefing shall include--
(A) a detailed explanation of the strategy and 
associated force sizing and shaping constructs, 
associated scenarios, and assumptions used to conduct 
the analysis;
(B) estimated risk based on Chairman of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff risk management classifications; and
(C) implications of operations in contested areas 
with regard to the Civil Reserve Air Fleet.
TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION
Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations
Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.
Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations
Sec. 211. Cost controls for presidential aircraft recapitalization 
program.
Sec. 212. Capital investment authority.
Sec. 213. Prizes for advanced technology achievements.
Sec. 214. Joint Hypersonics Transition Office.
Sec. 215. Department of Defense directed energy weapon system 
prototyping and demonstration program.
Sec. 216. Appropriate use of authority for prototype projects.
Sec. 217. Mechanisms for expedited access to technical talent and 
expertise at academic institutions to support Department of 
Defense missions.
Sec. 218. Modification of laboratory quality enhancement program.
Sec. 219. Reauthorization of Department of Defense Established Program 
to Stimulate Competitive Research.
Sec. 220. Codification and enhancement of authorities to provide funds 
for defense laboratories for research and development of 
technologies for military missions.
Sec. 221. Expansion of definition of competitive procedures to include 
competitive selection for award of science and technology 
proposals.
Sec. 222. Inclusion of modeling and simulation in test and evaluation 
activities for purposes of planning and budget certification.
Sec. 223. Limitation on availability of funds for F-35 Joint Strike 
Fighter Follow-On Modernization.
Sec. 224. Improvement of update process for populating mission data 
files used in advanced combat aircraft.
Sec. 225. Support for national security innovation and entrepreneurial 
education.
Sec. 226. Limitation on cancellation of designation Executive Agent for 
a certain Defense Production Act program.
Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters
Sec. 231. Columbia-class program accountability matrices.
Sec. 232. Review of barriers to innovation in research and engineering 
activities of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 233. Pilot program to improve incentives for technology transfer 
from Department of Defense laboratories.
Sec. 234. Competitive acquisition plan for low probability of detection 
data link networks.
Sec. 235. Clarification of selection dates for pilot program for the 
enhancement of the research, development, test, and 
evaluation centers of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 236. Requirement for a plan to build a prototype for a new ground 
combat vehicle for the Army.
Sec. 237. Plan for successfully fielding the Integrated Air and Missile 
Defense Battle Command System.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1323]]
Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations
SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 4201.
Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations
SEC. 211. COST CONTROLS FOR PRESIDENTIAL AIRCRAFT RECAPITALIZATION 
PROGRAM.
(a) Fixed Capability Requirements.--Except as provided in subsection 
(b), the capability requirements for aircraft procured under the 
presidential aircraft recapitalization program of the Air Force 
(referred to in this section as the ``PAR Program'') shall be the 
capability requirements identified in version 7.0.2 of the system 
requirement document for the PAR Program.
(b) Adjustments.--The Chief of Staff of the Air Force may adjust the 
capability requirements described in subsection (a) only if the Chief of 
Staff submits to the congressional defense committees a written 
determination that such adjustment is necessary--
(1) to resolve an ambiguity relating to the capability 
requirement;
(2) to address a problem with the administration of the 
capability requirement;
(3) to lower the development cost or life-cycle cost of the 
PAR program;
(4) to comply with a change in international, Federal, 
State, or local law or regulation that takes effect after 
September 30, 2017;
(5) to address a safety issue; or
(6) subject to subsection (c), to address an emerging threat 
or vulnerability.
(c) Limitation on Adjustment for Emerging Threat or Vulnerability.--
The Chief of Staff of the Air Force may use the authority under 
paragraph (6) of subsection (b) to adjust the requirements described in 
subsection (a) only if the Secretary and the Chief of Staff of the Air 
Force, on a nondelegable basis--
(1) jointly determine that such adjustment is necessary and 
in the interests of the national security of the United States; 
and
(2) submit to the congressional defense committees notice of 
such joint determination.
(d) Analysis for Fixed-price Type Contracts.--The Secretary of the 
Air Force shall work with the contractor and conduct an analysis of risk 
and explore opportunities to enter into additional fixed price type 
contracts for engineering and manufacturing development beyond the 
procurement of the unmodified commercial aircraft as described in 
paragraph (1).
(e) Quarterly Briefings.--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1324]]
(1) In general.--Beginning not later than October 1, 2017, 
and on a quarterly basis thereafter through October 1, 2022, the 
Secretary of the Air Force shall provide to the congressional 
defense committees a briefing on the efforts of the Secretary to 
control costs under the PAR Program.
(2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) shall 
include, with respect to the PAR Program, the following:
(A) An overview of the program schedule.
(B) A description of each contract awarded under the 
program, including a description of the type of contract 
and the status of the contract.
(C) An assessment of the status of the program with 
respect to--
(i) modification;
(ii) testing;
(iii) delivery; and
(iv) sustainment.
(f) Service Acquisition Executive Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``service acquisition executive'' has the meaning given that term 
in section 101(a)(10) of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 212. CAPITAL INVESTMENT AUTHORITY.
Section 2208(k)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``$250,000'' and inserting ``$500,000 for procurements by a 
major range and test facility installation or a science and technology 
reinvention laboratory and not less than $250,000 for procurements at 
all other facilities''.
SEC. 213. PRIZES FOR ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY ACHIEVEMENTS.
Section 2374a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) in subsection (a), by striking ``in recognition of'' and 
inserting ``and other types of prizes that the Secretary 
determines are appropriate to recognize'';
(2) in subsection (c)--
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``cash prize of'' 
and inserting ``prize with a fair market value of'';
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Under Secretary 
of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' 
and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
and Engineering''; and
(C) by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
``(3) No prize competition may result in the award of a solely 
nonmonetary prize with a fair market value of more than $10,000 without 
the approval of the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering.'';
(3) in subsection (e)--
(A) by inserting ``or nonmonetary items'' after 
``accept funds'';
(B) by striking ``and from State and local 
governments'' and inserting ``, from State and local 
governments, and from the private sector''; and
(C) by adding at the end the following: ``The 
Secretary may not give any special consideration to any 
private sector entity in return for a donation.''; and
(4) by amending subsection (f) to read as follows:
``(f) Use of Prize Authority.--Use of prize authority under this 
section shall be considered the use of competitive procedures for the 
purposes of section 2304 of this title.''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1325]]
SEC. 214. JOINT HYPERSONICS TRANSITION OFFICE.
(a) <>  Redesignation.--The joint 
technology office on hypersonics in the Office of the Secretary of 
Defense is redesignated as the ``Joint Hypersonics Transition Office''. 
Any reference in a law (other than this section), map, regulation, 
document, paper, or other record of the United States to the joint 
technology office on hypersonics shall be deemed to be a reference to 
the Joint Hypersonics Transition Office.
(b) Hypersonics Development.--Section 218 of the John Warner 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-
364; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note), as amended by section 1079(f) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 
Stat. 999), is amended--
(1) in the heading of subsection (a), by striking ``Joint 
Technology Office on Hypersonics'' and inserting ``Joint 
Hypersonics Transition Office'';
(2) in subsection (a)--
(A) in the first sentence, by striking ``joint 
technology office on hypersonics'' and inserting ``Joint 
Hypersonics Transition Office (in this section referred 
to as the `Office')''; and
(B) in the second sentence, by striking ``office'' 
and inserting ``Office'';
(3) in subsection (b), by striking ``joint technology office 
established under subsection (a)'' and inserting ``Office''; and
(4) by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:
``(c) Responsibilities.--In carrying out the program required by 
subsection (b), the Office shall do the following:
``(1) Expedite testing, evaluation, and acquisition of 
hypersonic weapon systems to meet the stated needs of the 
warfighter, including flight testing, ground-based-testing, and 
underwater launch testing.
``(2) Coordinate and integrate current and future research, 
development, test, and evaluation programs and system 
demonstration programs of the Department of Defense on 
hypersonics.
``(3) Undertake appropriate actions to ensure--
``(A) close and continuous integration of the 
programs on hypersonics of the military departments and 
the Defense Agencies with the programs on hypersonics 
across the Federal Government and with appropriate 
private sector and foreign organizations; and
``(B) that both foundational research and 
developmental and operational testing resources are 
adequate and well funded, and that facilities are made 
available in a timely manner to support hypersonics 
research, demonstration programs, and system 
development.
``(4) Approve prototyping demonstration programs on 
hypersonic systems to speed the maturation and deployment of the 
systems to the warfighter,.
``(5) Ensure that any demonstration program on hypersonic 
systems that is carried out in any year after its approval under 
paragraph (3) is carried out only if certified under subsection 
(e) as being consistent with the roadmap under subsection (d).
[[Page 131 STAT. 1326]]
``(6) Develop strategies and roadmaps for hypersonic 
technologies to transition to operational capabilities for the 
warfighter.
``(7) Coordinate with relevant stakeholders and agencies to 
support United States technological advantage in developing 
hypersonics.'';
(5) in subsection (d)(1), by striking ``joint technology 
office established under subsection (a)'' and inserting 
``Office''; and
(6) in subsection (e)--
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``joint technology 
office established under subsection (a)'' and inserting 
``Office''; and
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``joint technology 
office'' and inserting ``Office''.
SEC. 215. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DIRECTED ENERGY WEAPON SYSTEM 
PROTOTYPING AND DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.
(a) Designation of Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering as the Official With Principal Responsibility for 
Development and Demonstration of Directed Energy Weapons.--Subsection 
(a)(1) of section 219 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2431 note) is amended by 
striking ``Not later'' and all that follows through ``Department of 
Defense'' and inserting ``The Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
and Engineering shall serve''.
(b) Prototyping and Demonstration Program.--Such section is further 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
``(c) Prototyping and Demonstration Program.--
``(1) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
through the Under Secretary, shall establish a program on the 
prototyping and demonstration of directed energy weapon systems 
to build and maintain the military superiority of the United 
States by--
``(A) accelerating, when feasible, the fielding of 
directed energy weapon prototypes that would help 
counter technological advantages of potential 
adversaries of the United States; and
``(B) supporting the military departments, the 
combatant commanders, and other relevant defense 
agencies and entities in developing prototypes and 
demonstrating operational utility of high energy lasers 
and high powered microwave weapon systems.
``(2) Guidelines.--(A) Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2018, the Under Secretary shall issue guidelines 
for the operation of the program established under paragraph 
(1), including the following:
``(i) Criteria required for an application for 
funding by a military department, defense agency or 
entity, or a combatant command.
``(ii) The priorities, based on validated 
requirements or capability gaps, for fielding prototype 
directed energy weapon system technologies developed by 
research funding of the Department or industry.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1327]]
``(iii) Criteria for evaluation of an application 
for funding or changes to policies or acquisition and 
business practices by such a department, agency, or 
command for purposes of improving the effectiveness and 
efficiency of the program.
``(B) Funding for a military department, defense agency, or 
combatant command under the program established under paragraph 
(1) may only be available for advanced technology development, 
prototyping, and demonstrations in which the Department of 
Defense maintains management of the technical baseline and a 
primary emphasis on technology transition and evaluating 
military utility to enhance the likelihood that the particular 
directed energy weapon system will meet the Department end 
user's need.
``(3) Applications for funding.--(A) Not less frequently 
than once each year, the Under Secretary shall solicit from the 
heads of the military departments, the defense agencies, and the 
combatant commands applications for funding under the program 
established under paragraph (1) to be used to enter into 
contracts, cooperative agreements, or other transaction 
agreements entered into pursuant to section 2371b of title 10, 
United States Code, with appropriate entities for the 
prototyping or commercialization of technologies.
``(B) Nothing in this section shall be construed to require 
any official of the Department of Defense to provide funding 
under the program to any congressional earmark as defined 
pursuant to clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives or any congressionally directed spending item as 
defined pursuant to paragraph 5 of rule XLIV of the Standing 
Rules of the Senate.
``(4) Funding.--(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B) 
and subject to the availability of appropriations for such 
purpose, of the funds authorized to be appropriated by the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for research, 
development, test, and evaluation, defense-wide, up to 
$100,000,000 may be available to the Under Secretary to allocate 
to the military departments, the defense agencies, and the 
combatant commands to carry out the program established under 
paragraph (1).
``(B) Not more than half of the amounts made available under 
subparagraph (A) may be allocated as described in such paragraph 
until the Under Secretary--
``(i) develops the strategic plan required by 
subsection (a)(2)(A); and
``(ii) submits such strategic plan to the 
congressional defense committees.
``(5) Under secretary defined.--In this subsection, the term 
`Under Secretary' means the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering in the Under Secretary's capacity as 
the official with principal responsibility for the development 
and demonstration of directed energy weapons pursuant to 
subsection (a)(1).''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1328]]
SEC. 216. APPROPRIATE USE OF AUTHORITY FOR PROTOTYPE PROJECTS.
Section 2371b(d)(1)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting ``or nonprofit research institution'' after ``defense 
contractor''.
SEC. 217. <>  MECHANISMS FOR EXPEDITED 
ACCESS TO TECHNICAL TALENT AND EXPERTISE 
AT ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS TO SUPPORT 
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MISSIONS.
(a) Arrangements Authorized.--
(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense and each secretary 
of a military department may establish one or more multi-
institution task order contracts, consortia, cooperative 
agreements, or other arrangements to facilitate expedited access 
to university technical expertise, including faculty, staff, and 
students, in support of Department of Defense missions in the 
areas specified in subsection (e).
(2) Use for technical analyses and engineering support.--The 
Secretary may use an arrangement under paragraph (1) to fund 
technical analyses and other engineering support as required to 
address acquisition, management, and operational challenges, 
including support for classified programs and activities.
(b) Limitation.--An arrangement established under subsection (a)(1) 
may not be used to fund research programs that can be executed through 
other Department of Defense basic research activities.
(c) Consultation With Other Department of Defense Activities.--An 
arrangement established under subsection (a)(1) shall, to the degree 
practicable, be made in consultation with other Department of Defense 
activities, including federally funded research and development centers 
(FFRDCs), university affiliated research centers (UARCs), and Defense 
laboratories and test centers, for purposes of providing technical 
expertise and reducing costs and duplicative efforts.
(d) Policies and Procedures.--If the Secretary of Defense or a 
secretary of a military department establishes one or more arrangements 
under subsection (a)(1), the Secretary of Defense shall establish and 
implement policies and procedures to govern--
(1) selection of participants in the arrangement or 
arrangements;
(2) the awarding of task orders under the arrangement or 
arrangements;
(3) maximum award size for tasks under the arrangement or 
arrangements;
(4) the appropriate use of competitive awards and sole 
source awards under the arrangement or arrangements; and
(5) technical areas under the arrangement or arrangements.
(e) Mission Areas.--The areas specified in this subsection are as 
follows:
(1) Cybersecurity.
(2) Air and ground vehicles.
(3) Shipbuilding.
(4) Explosives detection and defeat.
(5) Undersea warfare.
(6) Trusted electronics.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1329]]
(7) Unmanned systems.
(8) Directed energy.
(9) Energy, power, and propulsion.
(10) Management science and operations research.
(11) Artificial intelligence.
(12) Data analytics.
(13) Business systems.
(14) Technology transfer and transition.
(15) Biological engineering and genetic enhancement.
(16) High performance computing.
(17) Materials science and engineering.
(18) Quantum information sciences.
(19) Special operations activities.
(20) Modeling and simulation.
(21) Autonomous systems.
(22) Model based engineering.
(23) Such other areas as the Secretary considers 
appropriate.
(f) Sunset.--No new arrangements may be entered into under 
subsection (a)(1) after September 30, 2020.
(g) Arrangements Established Under Subsection (a)(1) Defined.--In 
this section, the term ``arrangement established under subsection 
(a)(1)'' means a multi-institution task order contract, consortia, 
cooperative agreement, or other arrangement established under subsection 
(a)(1).
SEC. 218. MODIFICATION OF LABORATORY QUALITY ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.
(a) In General.--Section 211 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) <>  is amended--
(1) in subsection (a)(1)--
(A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``; and'' and 
inserting a semicolon;
(B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the semicolon 
and inserting ``; and''; and
(C) by adding at the end the following new 
subparagraph:
``(C) new interpretations of existing statutes and 
regulations that would enhance the ability of a director 
of a science and technology reinvention laboratory to 
manage the facility and discharge the mission of the 
laboratory;'';
(2) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following 
new paragraph:
``(3)(A) Each panel described in paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of 
subsection (b) shall submit to the panel described in paragraph (4) of 
such subsection (relating to governance and oversight processes) the 
following:
``(i) The findings of the panel with respect to the review 
conducted by the panel under subsection (a)(1)(C).
``(ii) The recommendations made by the panel under such 
subsection.
``(iii) Such comments, findings, and recommendations as the 
panel may have received by a science and technology reinvention 
laboratory with respect to--
``(I) the review conducted by the panel under such 
subsection; or
[[Page 131 STAT. 1330]]
``(II) recommendations made by the panel under such 
subsection.
``(B)(i) The panel described in subsection (b)(4) shall review and 
refashion such recommendations as the panel may receive under 
subparagraph (A).
``(ii) In reviewing and refashioning recommendations under clause 
(i), the panel may, as the panel considers appropriate, consult with the 
science and technology executive of the affected service.
``(C) The panel described in subsection (b)(4) shall submit to the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering the 
recommendations made by the panel under subsection (a)(1)(C) and the 
recommendations refashioned by the panel under subparagraph (B) of this 
paragraph.'';
(3) <>  by redesignating 
subsections (e) and (f) as subsection (f) and (g), respectively; 
and
(4) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
subsection (e):
``(e) Interpretation of Provisions of Law.--(1) The Under Secretary 
of Defense for Research and Engineering, acting under the guidance of 
the Secretary, shall issue regulations regarding the meaning, scope, 
implementation, and applicability of any provision of a statute relating 
to a science and technology reinvention laboratory.
``(2) In interpreting or defining under paragraph (1), the Under 
Secretary shall, to the degree practicable, emphasize providing the 
maximum operational flexibility to the directors of the science and 
technology reinvention laboratories to discharge the missions of their 
laboratories.
``(3) In interpreting or defining under paragraph (1), the Under 
Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, consult and coordinate with 
the secretaries of the military departments and such other agencies or 
entities as the Under Secretary considers relevant, on any proposed 
revision to regulations under paragraph (1).
``(4) In interpreting or defining under paragraph (1), the Under 
Secretary shall seek recommendations from the panel described in 
subsection (b)(4).''.
(b) Technical Corrections.--(1) Subsections (a), (c)(1)(C), and 
(d)(2) of such section <>  are amended by 
striking ``Assistant Secretary'' each place it appears and inserting 
``Under Secretary''.
(2) Subparagraph (C) of section 342(b)(3) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337), as amended 
by section 211(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), as redesignated by subsection (a)(3) of 
this section, <>  is amended by striking 
``Assistant Secretary'' and inserting ``Under Secretary''.
SEC. 219. REAUTHORIZATION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ESTABLISHED 
PROGRAM TO STIMULATE COMPETITIVE RESEARCH.
(a) Modification of Program Objectives.--Subsection (b) of section 
257 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 
(Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
(1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as paragraphs 
(2) and (3), respectively;
(2) by inserting before paragraph (2), as redesignated by 
paragraph (1), the following new paragraph (1):
[[Page 131 STAT. 1331]]
``(1) To increase the number of university researchers in 
eligible States capable of performing science and engineering 
research responsive to the needs of the Department of 
Defense.''; and
(3) in paragraph (2), as redesignated by paragraph (1), by 
inserting ``relevant to the mission of the Department of Defense 
and'' after ``that is''.
(b) Modification of Program Activities.--Subsection (c) of such 
section is amended--
(1) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
(2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
paragraph (3):
``(3) To provide assistance to science and engineering 
researchers at institutions of higher education in eligible 
States through collaboration between Department of Defense 
laboratories and such researchers.''.
(c) Modification of Eligibility Criteria for State Participation.--
Subsection (d) of such section is amended--
(1) in paragraph (2)(B), by inserting ``in areas relevant to 
the mission of the Department of Defense'' after ``programs''; 
and
(2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
``(3) The Under Secretary shall not remove a designation of a State 
under paragraph (2) because the State exceeds the funding levels 
specified under subparagraph (A) of such paragraph unless the State has 
exceeded such funding levels for at least two consecutive years.''.
(d) Modification of Coordination Requirement.--Subsection (e) of 
such section is amended--
(1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``shall'' each place it 
appears and inserting ``may''; and
(2) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``relevant to the mission 
of the Department of Defense and'' after ``Research are''.
(e) Modification of Name.--
(1) In general.--Such section is amended--
(A) in subsections (a) and (e) by striking 
``Experimental'' each place it appears and inserting 
``Established''; and
(B) in the section heading, by striking 
``experimental'' and inserting ``established''.
(2) Clerical amendment.--Such Act is amended, in the table 
of contents in section 2(b), by striking the item relating to 
section 257 and inserting the following new item:
``Sec. 257. Defense established program to stimulate competitive 
research.''.
(3) Conforming amendment.--Section 307 of the 1997 Emergency 
Supplemental Appropriations Act for Recovery from Natural 
Disasters, and for Overseas Peacekeeping Efforts, Including 
Those in Bosnia (Public Law 105-18) <>  
is amended by striking ``Experimental'' and inserting 
``Established''.
SEC. 220. CODIFICATION AND ENHANCEMENT OF AUTHORITIES TO PROVIDE 
FUNDS FOR DEFENSE LABORATORIES FOR 
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGIES 
FOR MILITARY MISSIONS.
(a) In General.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 2362 the following new section:
[[Page 131 STAT. 1332]]
``Sec. 2363. <>  Mechanisms to provide funds 
for defense laboratories for research and 
development of technologies for military 
missions
``(a) Mechanisms to Provide Funds.--(1) The Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall 
establish mechanisms under which the director of a defense laboratory 
may use an amount of funds equal to not less than two percent and not 
more than four percent of all funds available to the defense laboratory 
for the following purposes:
``(A) To fund innovative basic and applied research that is 
conducted at the defense laboratory and supports military 
missions.
``(B) To fund development programs that support the 
transition of technologies developed by the defense laboratory 
into operational use.
``(C) To fund workforce development activities that improve 
the capacity of the defense laboratory to recruit and retain 
personnel with necessary scientific and engineering expertise 
that support military missions.
``(D) To fund the repair or minor military construction of 
the laboratory infrastructure and equipment, in accordance with 
subsection (b).
``(2) The mechanisms established under paragraph (1) shall provide 
that funding shall be used under paragraph (1) at the discretion of the 
director of a defense laboratory in consultation with the science and 
technology executive of the military department concerned.
``(3) The science and technology executive of a military department 
may develop policies and guidance to leverage funding and promote cross-
laboratory collaboration, including with laboratories of other military 
departments.
``(4) After consultation with the science and technology executive 
of the military department concerned, the director of a defense 
laboratory may charge customer activities a fixed percentage fee, in 
addition to normal costs of performance, in order to obtain funds to 
carry out activities authorized by this subsection. The fixed fee may 
not exceed four percent of costs.
``(b) Availability of Funds for Infrastructure Projects.--Funds 
shall be available in accordance with subsection (a)(1)(D) only if--
``(1) the Secretary notifies the congressional defense 
committees of the total cost of the project before the date on 
which the Secretary uses the mechanism under such subsection for 
such project; and
``(2) the Secretary ensures that the project complies with 
the applicable cost limitations in--
``(A) section 2805(d) of this title, with respect to 
revitalization and recapitalization projects; and
``(B) section 2811 of this title, with respect to 
repair projects.
``(c) Annual Report on Use of Authority.--(1) Not later than March 1 
of each year until March 1, 2025, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report on the use of the 
authority under subsection (a) during the preceding year.
``(2) Each report under paragraph (1) shall include, with respect to 
the year covered by the report, the following:
[[Page 131 STAT. 1333]]
``(A) A description of the mechanisms used to provide 
funding under subsection (a)(1).
``(B) A statement of the amount of funding made available to 
each defense laboratory for research described under such 
subsection.
``(C) A description of the investments made by each defense 
laboratory using funds under such subsection.
``(D) A description and assessment of any improvements in 
the performance of the defense laboratories as a result of 
investments under such subsection.
``(E) A description and assessment of the contributions to 
the development of needed military capabilities provided by 
research using funds under such subsection.
``(F) A description of any modification to the mechanisms 
under subsection (a) that would improve the efficiency of the 
authority under such subsection to support military missions.''.
(b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 139 of such title <>  is amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 2362 the following new 
item:
``2363. Mechanisms to provide funds for defense laboratories for 
research and development of technologies for military 
missions.''.
(c) Conforming Amendments.--(1) Section 219 of the Duncan Hunter 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-
417; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note), is hereby repealed.
(2) Section 2805(d)(1)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``under section 219(a) of the Duncan Hunter National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 
U.S.C. 2358 note)'' and inserting ``section 2363(a) of this title''.
SEC. 221. EXPANSION OF DEFINITION OF COMPETITIVE PROCEDURES TO 
INCLUDE COMPETITIVE SELECTION FOR AWARD OF 
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PROPOSALS.
Section 2302(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``basic research'' and inserting ``science and technology''.
SEC. 222. INCLUSION OF MODELING AND SIMULATION IN TEST AND 
EVALUATION ACTIVITIES FOR PURPOSES OF 
PLANNING AND BUDGET CERTIFICATION.
Section 196 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) in subsection (d)(1), in the first sentence, by 
inserting ``, including modeling and simulation capabilities'' 
after ``and resources''; and
(2) in subsection (e)(1), by inserting ``, including 
modeling and simulation activities,'' after ``evaluation 
activities''.
SEC. 223. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR F-35 JOINT 
STRIKE FIGHTER FOLLOW-ON MODERNIZATION.
(a) In General.--Not more than 25 percent of the funds authorized to 
be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
2018 or any other fiscal year for the Department of Defense may be 
obligated for F-35 Joint Strike Fighter Follow-On Modernization until 
the Secretary of Defense provides the final report required under 
section 224(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2017 (Public Law 114-328).
(b) Dual Capable Aircraft.--Neither the limitation in subsection (a) 
nor the limitation in section 224(a) of the National
[[Page 131 STAT. 1334]]
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 shall be construed to 
limit or otherwise restrict any funding that is required to develop, 
certify, or deliver F-35A dual capable aircraft.
SEC. 224. <>  IMPROVEMENT OF UPDATE 
PROCESS FOR POPULATING MISSION DATA FILES 
USED IN ADVANCED COMBAT AIRCRAFT.
(a) Improvements To Update Process.--
(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall take such 
actions as may be necessary to improve the process used to 
update the mission data files used in advanced combat aircraft 
of the United States so that such updates can occur more 
quickly.
(2) Requirements.--In improving the process under paragraph 
(1), the Secretary shall ensure the following:
(A) That under such process, updates to the mission 
data files are developed, operationally tested, and 
loaded onto systems of advanced combat aircraft while in 
theaters of operation in a time-sensitive manner to 
allow for the distinguishing of threats, including 
distinguishing friends from foes, loading and delivery 
of weapon suites, and coordination with allied and 
coalition armed forces.
(B) When updates are made to the mission data files, 
all areas of responsibility (AoRs) are included.
(C) The process includes best practices relating to 
such mission data files that have been identified by 
industry and allies of the United States.
(D) The process improves the exchange of information 
between weapons systems of the United States and weapon 
systems of allies and partners of the United States, 
with respect to such mission data files.
(b) Consultation and Pilot Programs.--In carrying out subsection 
(a), the Secretary shall consult the innovation organizations resident 
in the Department of Defense and may consider carrying out a pilot 
program under another provision of this Act.
(c) Report.--Not later than March 31, 2018, the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the actions 
taken by the Secretary under subsection (a)(1) and how the process 
described in such subsection has been improved.
SEC. 225. <>  SUPPORT FOR NATIONAL 
SECURITY INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURIAL 
EDUCATION.
(a) Support Authorized.--
(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may, acting 
through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering, support national security innovation and 
entrepreneurial education programs.
(2) Elements.--Support under paragraph (1) may include the 
following:
(A) Materials to recruit participants, including 
veterans, for programs described in paragraph (1).
(B) Model curriculum for such programs.
(C) Training materials for such programs.
(D) Best practices for the conduct of such programs.
(E) Experimental learning opportunities for program 
participants to interact with operational forces and 
better understand national security challenges.
(F) Exchanges and partnerships with Department of 
Defense science and technology activities.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1335]]
(G) Activities consistent with the Proof of Concept 
Commercialization Pilot Program established under 
section 1603 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 2359 
note).
(b) Consultation.--In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary may 
consult with the heads of such Federal agencies, universities, and 
public and private entities engaged in the development of advanced 
technologies as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.
(c) Authorities.--The Secretary may--
(1) develop and maintain metrics to assess national security 
innovation and entrepreneurial education activities to ensure 
standards for programs supported under subsection (b) are 
consistent and being met; and
(2) ensure that any recipient of an award under the Small 
Business Technology Transfer program, the Small Business 
Innovation Research program, and science and technology programs 
of the Department of Defense has the option to participate in 
training under a national security innovation and 
entrepreneurial education program supported under subsection 
(b).
(d) Participation by Federal Employees and Members of the Armed 
Forces.--The Secretary may encourage Federal employees and members of 
the Armed Forces to participate in a national security innovation and 
entrepreneurial education program supported under subsection (a) in 
order to gain exposure to modern innovation and entrepreneurial 
methodologies.
(e) Coordination.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall 
consider coordinating and partnering with activities and organizations 
involved in the following:
(1) Hack the Army.
(2) Hack the Air Force.
(3) Hack the Pentagon.
(4) The Army Digital Service.
(5) The Defense Digital Service.
(6) The Air Force Digital Service.
(7) Challenge and prize competitions of the Defense Advanced 
Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
(8) The Defense Science Study Group.
(9) The Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR).
(10) The Small Business Technology Transfer Program (STTR).
(11) War colleges of the military departments.
(12) Hacking for Defense.
(13) The National Security Science and Engineering Faculty 
Fellowship (NSSEFF) program.
(14) The Science, Mathematics and Research for 
Transformation (SMART) scholarship program.
(15) The young faculty award program of the Defense Advanced 
Research Projects Agency.
SEC. 226. LIMITATION ON CANCELLATION OF DESIGNATION EXECUTIVE 
AGENT FOR A CERTAIN DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT 
PROGRAM.
(a) Limitation on Cancellation of Designation.--The Secretary of 
Defense may not implement the decision, issued on July 1, 2017, to 
cancel the designation, under Department of Defense
[[Page 131 STAT. 1336]]
Directive 4400.1E, entitled ``Defense Production Act Programs'' and 
dated October 12, 2001, of the currently assigned Department of Defense 
Executive Agent for the program carried out under title III of the 
Defense Production Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. 4531 et seq.) until the 
Secretary has--
(1) completed the review and assessment required by 
subsection (b)(1); and
(2) carried out the briefing required by subsection (c).
(b) Review and Assessment Required.--
(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
with the Secretary of the Air Force, shall conduct a review and 
assessment of the program described in subsection (a).
(2) Elements.--The review and assessment required by 
paragraph (1) shall include the following:
(A) Assessment of the current management structure 
for the program, including analysis of the mechanisms 
for accountability, as well as cost and management 
controls currently in place.
(B) Analysis of alternatives for proposals to modify 
that management structure to increase accountability, 
cost and management controls. Such analysis of 
alternatives should consider the relative merits of 
centralization and decentralization, roles of other 
military departments in program management and 
contracting, as well as the different roles the Office 
of the Secretary of Defense might play in management, 
oversight and execution.
(C) Recommendations for improving the assessment and 
selection of projects in order to--
(i) ensure that projects selected are 
appropriate for use of funds appropriated to carry 
out title III of the Defense Production Act of 
1950;
(ii) ensure that sufficient vetting and 
management controls are in place to ensure a 
reasonable degree of confidence that project ideas 
or the companies being supported will be viable; 
and
(iii) increase overall successful execution 
for selected projects.
(D) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
appropriate.
(c) Briefing Required.--The Secretary shall brief the appropriate 
Committees of Congress on the findings of the Secretary with respect to 
the review and assessment conducted under subsection (b).
(d) Notification Required.--In the event the Secretary of Defense 
decides to cancel the designation, under Department of Defense Directive 
4400.1E, entitled ``Defense Production Act Programs'' and dated October 
12, 2001, of the currently assigned Department of Defense Executive 
Agent for the program described in subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a written notification 
of such decision at least 60 days before the decision goes into effect.
(e) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means the--
(1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate; and
(2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
Financial Services of the House of Representatives.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1337]]
Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters
SEC. 231. COLUMBIA-CLASS PROGRAM ACCOUNTABILITY MATRICES.
(a) Submittal of Matrices.--Concurrent with the President's annual 
budget request submitted to Congress under section 1105 of title 31, 
United States Code, for fiscal year 2019, the Secretary of the Navy 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees and the Comptroller 
General of the United States the matrices described in subsection (b) 
relating to the Columbia-class program.
(b) Matrices Described.--The matrices described in this subsection 
are the following:
(1) Design and construction goals.--A matrix that 
identifies, in six-month increments, key milestones, development 
events, and specific performance goals for the design and 
construction of the Columbia-class program, which shall be 
subdivided, at a minimum, according to the following:
(A) Technology-readiness levels of major components 
and key demonstration events.
(B) Design maturity.
(C) Manufacturing-readiness levels for critical 
manufacturing operations and key demonstration events.
(D) Manufacturing operations.
(E) Reliability.
(2) Cost.--A matrix expressing, in annual increments, the 
total cost phased over the entire Columbia-class design and 
construction period of--
(A) the Navy service cost position for the prime 
contractor's portion of Columbia-class design and 
construction activities, including the estimated price 
at completion for each submarine and confidence level of 
this estimate;
(B) the program manager's estimate for the prime 
contractor's portion of Columbia-class design and 
construction activities, including the estimated price 
and variance at completion for each submarine; and
(C) the prime contractor's estimate for the prime 
contractor's portion of Columbia-class design and 
construction activities, including the estimated price 
and variance at completion for each submarine.
(c) Update of Matrices.--
(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date on 
which the Secretary of the Navy submits the matrices required by 
subsection (a), and concurrent with the submittal of each annual 
budget request to Congress under section 1105 of title 31, 
United States Code, beginning with the fiscal year 2020 request, 
the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees and the Comptroller General of the United 
States updates to the matrices described in subsection (b).
(2) Elements.--Each update submitted under paragraph (1) 
shall detail progress made toward the goals identified in the 
matrix described in subsection (b)(1) and provide updated cost 
data as prescribed in subsection (b)(2).
(3) Treatment of initial matrices as baseline.--The matrices 
submitted pursuant to subsection (a) shall be treated
[[Page 131 STAT. 1338]]
as the baseline for the full Columbia-class design and 
construction period for purposes of the updates submitted 
pursuant to paragraph (1) of this subsection.
(4) Report termination.--The report required under paragraph 
(1) shall terminate upon delivery of the first Columbia-class 
submarine.
(d) Assessment by Comptroller General of the United States.--Not 
later than 90 days after the date on which the Comptroller General of 
the United States receives an update to a matrix under subsection 
(c)(1), the Comptroller General shall review such matrix and provide to 
the congressional defense committees an assessment of such matrix in 
whatever form that the Comptroller General deems appropriate.
(e) Repeal of Report Requirement.--Section 131 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (129 Stat. 754; Public 
Law 114-92) is hereby repealed.
(f) Major Component Defined.--In this section, the term ``major 
component'' includes, at a minimum, the integrated power system, nuclear 
reactor, propulsor and related coordinated stern features, stern area 
system, and common missile compartment.
SEC. 232. REVIEW OF BARRIERS TO INNOVATION IN RESEARCH AND 
ENGINEERING ACTIVITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT 
OF DEFENSE.
(a) Review.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall review 
directives, rules, regulations, and other policies that adversely affect 
the ability of the innovation, research, and engineering enterprise of 
the Department of Defense to effectively and efficiently execute its 
missions, including policies and practices concerning the following:
(1) Personnel and talent management.
(2) Financial management and budgeting.
(3) Infrastructure, installations, and military 
construction.
(4) Acquisition.
(5) Management.
(6) Such other areas as the Secretary may designate.
(b) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on--
(1) the findings of the Secretary with respect to the review 
conducted under subsection (a);
(2) proposed changes in directives, rules, regulations, and 
other policies that will enhance the ability of the innovation, 
research, and engineering enterprise of the Department to 
executive its designated missions, including a description of 
how proposed changes have been coordinated with other 
appropriate Secretaries of the military departments and the 
appropriate heads of the defense agencies; and
(3) processes by which new directives, rules, regulations, 
and other policies will be reviewed for their potential to 
adversely affect the ability of the innovation, research, and 
engineering enterprise of the Department and the lead official 
designated to execute such review in consultation with other 
relevant and appropriate Secretaries of the military departments 
and heads of defense agencies.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1339]]
SEC. 233. <>  PILOT PROGRAM TO IMPROVE 
INCENTIVES FOR TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER FROM 
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE LABORATORIES.
(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a pilot 
program to assess the feasibility and advisability of distributing 
royalties and other payments as described in this section. Under the 
pilot program, except as provided in subsections (b) and (d), any 
royalties or other payments received by a Federal agency from the 
licensing and assignment of inventions under agreements entered into by 
Department of Defense laboratories, and from the licensing of inventions 
of Department of Defense laboratories, shall be retained by the 
laboratory which produced the invention and shall be disposed of as 
follows:
(1)(A) The laboratory director shall pay each year the first 
$2,000, and thereafter at least 20 percent, of the royalties or 
other payments, other than payments of patent costs as 
delineated by a license or assignment agreement, to the inventor 
or coinventors, if the inventor's or coinventor's rights are 
directly assigned to the United States.
(B) A laboratory director may provide appropriate 
incentives, from royalties or other payments, to laboratory 
employees who are not an inventor of such inventions but who 
substantially increased the technical value of the inventions.
(C) The laboratory shall retain the royalties and other 
payments received from an invention until the laboratory makes 
payments to employees of a laboratory under subparagraph (A) or 
(B).
(2) The balance of the royalties or other payments shall be 
transferred by the agency to its laboratories, with the majority 
share of the royalties or other payments from any invention 
going to the laboratory where the invention occurred. The 
royalties or other payments so transferred to any laboratory may 
be used or obligated by that laboratory during the fiscal year 
in which they are received or during the 2 succeeding fiscal 
years--
(A) to reward scientific, engineering, and technical 
employees of the laboratory, including developers of 
sensitive or classified technology, regardless of 
whether the technology has commercial applications;
(B) to further scientific exchange among the 
laboratories of the agency;
(C) for education and training of employees 
consistent with the research and development missions 
and objectives of the agency or laboratory, and for 
other activities that increase the potential for 
transfer of the technology of the laboratories of the 
agency;
(D) for payment of expenses incidental to the 
administration and licensing of intellectual property by 
the agency or laboratory with respect to inventions made 
at that laboratory, including the fees or other costs 
for the services of other agencies, persons, or 
organizations for intellectual property management and 
licensing services; or
(E) for scientific research and development 
consistent with the research and development missions 
and objectives of the laboratory.
(3) All royalties or other payments retained by the 
laboratory after payments have been made pursuant to paragraphs
[[Page 131 STAT. 1340]]
(1) and (2) that are unobligated and unexpended at the end of 
the second fiscal year succeeding the fiscal year in which the 
royalties and other payments were received shall be paid into 
the Treasury of the United States.
(b) Treatment of Payments to Employees.--
(1) In general.--Any payment made to an employee under the 
pilot program shall be in addition to the regular pay of the 
employee and to any other awards made to the employee, and shall 
not affect the entitlement of the employee to any regular pay, 
annuity, or award to which the employee is otherwise entitled or 
for which the employee is otherwise eligible or limit the amount 
thereof. Any payment made to an inventor as such shall continue 
after the inventor leaves the laboratory.
(2) Cumulative payments.--(A) Cumulative payments made under 
the pilot program while the inventor is still employed at the 
laboratory shall not exceed $500,000 per year to any one person, 
unless the Secretary concerned (as defined in section 101(a) of 
title 10, United States Code) approves a larger award.
(B) Cumulative payments made under the pilot program after 
the inventor leaves the laboratory shall not exceed $150,000 per 
year to any one person, unless the head of the agency approves a 
larger award (with the excess over $150,000 being treated as an 
agency award to a former employee under section 4505 of title 5, 
United States Code).
(c) Invention Management Services.--Under the pilot program, a 
laboratory receiving royalties or other payments as a result of 
invention management services performed for another Federal agency or 
laboratory under section 207 of title 35, United States Code, may retain 
such royalties or payments to the extent required to offset payments to 
inventors under subparagraph (A) of subsection (a)(1), costs and 
expenses incurred under subparagraph (D) of subsection (a)(2), and the 
cost of foreign patenting and maintenance for any invention of the other 
agency. All royalties and other payments remaining after offsetting the 
payments to inventors, costs, and expenses described in the preceding 
sentence shall be transferred to the agency for which the services were 
performed, for distribution in accordance with subsection (a)(2).
(d) Certain Assignments.--Under the pilot program, if the invention 
involved was one assigned to the laboratory--
(1) by a contractor, grantee, or participant, or an employee 
of a contractor, grantee, or participant, in an agreement or 
other arrangement with the agency; or
(2) by an employee of the agency who was not working in the 
laboratory at the time the invention was made,
the agency unit that was involved in such assignment shall be considered 
to be a laboratory for purposes of this section.
(e) Sunset.--The pilot program under this section shall terminate 5 
years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 234. COMPETITIVE ACQUISITION PLAN FOR LOW PROBABILITY OF 
DETECTION DATA LINK NETWORKS.
(a) Plan Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics and the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff shall jointly, in consultation with the Secretary of the Navy and 
the Secretary of the Air Force, develop a plan to procure a secure, low 
probability of detection data link
[[Page 131 STAT. 1341]]
network capability with the ability to effectively operate in hostile 
jamming environments while preserving the low observable characteristics 
of the relevant platforms, between existing and planned--
(1) fifth-generation combat aircraft;
(2) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft;
(3) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft 
and appropriate support aircraft and other network nodes for 
command, control, communications, intelligence, surveillance, 
and reconnaissance purposes; and
(4) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft 
and their associated network-enabled precision weapons.
(b) Additional Plan Requirements.--The plan required by subsection 
(a) shall include--
(1) nonproprietary and open systems approaches compatible 
with the Rapid Capabilities Office Open Mission Systems 
initiative of the Air Force and the Future Airborne Capability 
Environment initiative of the Navy;
(2) a competitive acquisition process, to include 
comparative flight demonstrations in realistic airborne 
environments; and
(3) low risk and affordable solutions with minimal impact or 
changes to existing host platforms, and minimal overall 
integration costs.
(c) Briefing.--Not later than February 15, 2018, the Under Secretary 
and the Vice Chairman shall provide to the congressional defense 
committees a potential acquisition strategy and briefing on the plan 
developed under subsection (a).
(d) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for operations and 
maintenance for the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force and the 
Office of the Secretary of the Navy, not more than 85 percent may be 
obligated or expended until a period of 15 days has elapsed following 
the date on which the Under Secretary and Vice Chairman submits to the 
congressional defense committees the plan required by subsection (a).
SEC. 235. CLARIFICATION OF SELECTION DATES FOR PILOT PROGRAM FOR 
THE ENHANCEMENT OF THE RESEARCH, 
DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION CENTERS 
OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
Section 233 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) <>  is amended--
(1) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``the enactment of 
this Act'' both places it appears and inserting ``such 
submittal''; and
(2) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``propose and 
implement'' and inserting ``submit to the Assistant Secretary 
concerned a proposal on, and implement,''.
SEC. 236. REQUIREMENT FOR A PLAN TO BUILD A PROTOTYPE FOR A NEW 
GROUND COMBAT VEHICLE FOR THE ARMY.
(a) In General.--Not later than February 1, 2018, the Secretary of 
the Army shall submit to the congressional defense committees a plan to 
build a prototype for a new ground combat vehicle for the Army.
(b) Contents.--The plan required by subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
[[Page 131 STAT. 1342]]
(1) A description of how the Secretary intends to exploit 
the latest enabling component technologies that have the 
potential to dramatically change basic combat vehicle design and 
improve lethality, protection, mobility, range, and sustainment, 
including an analysis of capabilities of the most advanced 
foreign ground combat vehicles and whether any have 
characteristics that should inform the development of the Army's 
prototype vehicle, including whether any United States allies or 
partners have advanced capabilities that could be directly 
incorporated in the prototype.
(2) The schedule, cost, key milestones, and leadership plan 
to rapidly design and build the prototype ground combat vehicle.
SEC. 237. PLAN FOR SUCCESSFULLY FIELDING THE INTEGRATED AIR AND 
MISSILE DEFENSE BATTLE COMMAND SYSTEM.
(a) Plan Required.--Not later than February 1, 2018, the Secretary 
of the Army shall submit to the congressional defense committees a plan 
to successfully field a suitable, survivable, and effective Integrated 
Air and Missile Defense Battle Command System program.
(b) Limitation.--Not more than 50 percent of the funds authorized to 
be appropriated by this Act for research, development, test, and 
evaluation may be obligated by the Secretary of the Army for the Army 
Integrated Air and Missile Defense and the Integrated Air and Missile 
Defense Battle Command System until the date on which the plan is 
submitted under subsection (a).
TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations
Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.
Subtitle B--Energy and Environment
Sec. 311. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Siting 
Clearinghouse.
Sec. 312. Energy performance goals and master plan.
Sec. 313. Payment to Environmental Protection Agency of stipulated 
penalty in connection with Umatilla Chemical Depot, Oregon.
Sec. 314. Payment to Environmental Protection Agency of stipulated 
penalty in connection with Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, 
Texas.
Sec. 315. Department of the Army cleanup and removal of petroleum, oil, 
and lubricant associated with the Prinz Eugen.
Sec. 316. Centers for Disease Control study on health implications of 
per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances contamination in drinking 
water.
Sec. 317. Sentinel Landscapes Partnership.
Sec. 318. Report on release of radium or radioactive material into the 
groundwater near the industrial reserve plant in Bethpage, 
New York.
Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment
Sec. 321. Reauthorization of multi-trades demonstration project.
Sec. 322. Increased percentage of sustainment funds authorized for 
realignment to restoration and modernization at each 
installation.
Sec. 323. Guidance regarding use of organic industrial base.
Subtitle D--Reports
Sec. 331. Quarterly reports on personnel and unit readiness.
Sec. 332. Biennial report on core depot-level maintenance and repair 
capability.
Sec. 333. Annual report on personnel, training, and equipment needs of 
non-federalized National Guard.
Sec. 334. Annual report on military working dogs used by the Department 
of Defense.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1343]]
Sec. 335. Report on effects of climate change on Department of Defense.
Sec. 336. Report on optimization of training in and management of 
special use airspace.
Sec. 337. Plan for modernized, dedicated Department of the Navy 
adversary air training enterprise.
Sec. 338. Updated guidance regarding biennial core report.
Subtitle E--Other Matters
Sec. 341. Explosive safety board.
Sec. 342. Servicewomen's commemorative partnerships.
Sec. 343. Limitation on availability of funds for advanced skills 
management software system of the Navy.
Sec. 344. Cost-benefit analysis of uniform specifications for Afghan 
military or security forces.
Sec. 345. Temporary installation reutilization authority for arsenals, 
depots, and plants.
Sec. 346. Comprehensive plan for sharing depot-level maintenance best 
practices.
Sec. 347. Pilot program for operation and maintenance budget 
presentation.
Sec. 348. Repurposing and reuse of surplus Army firearms.
Sec. 349. Department of the Navy marksmanship awards.
Sec. 350. Civilian training for National Guard pilots and sensor 
operator aircrews of MQ-9 unmanned aerial vehicles.
Sec. 351. Training for National Guard personnel on wildfire response.
Sec. 352. Modification of the Second Division Memorial.
Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations
SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of the 
Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
4301.
Subtitle B--Energy and Environment
SEC. 311. MILITARY AVIATION AND INSTALLATION ASSURANCE SITING 
CLEARINGHOUSE.
(a) Codification.--Chapter 7 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 183 the following new section:
``Sec. 183a. <>  Military Aviation and 
Installation Assurance Clearinghouse for review 
of mission obstructions
``(a) Establishment.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Siting Clearinghouse (in 
this section referred to as the `Clearinghouse').
``(2) The Clearinghouse shall be--
``(A) organized under the authority, direction, and control 
of an Assistant Secretary of Defense designated by the 
Secretary; and
``(B) assigned such personnel and resources as the Secretary 
considers appropriate to carry out this section.
``(b) Functions.--(1) The Clearinghouse shall coordinate Department 
of Defense review of applications for energy projects filed with the 
Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49 and 
received by the Department of Defense from the Secretary of 
Transportation. In performing such coordination, the Clearinghouse shall 
provide procedures to ensure affected local military installations are 
consulted.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1344]]
``(2) The Clearinghouse shall accelerate the development of planning 
tools necessary to determine the acceptability to the Department of 
Defense of proposals included in an application for an energy project 
submitted pursuant to such section.
``(3) The Clearinghouse shall perform such other functions as the 
Secretary of Defense assigns.
``(c) Review of Proposed Actions.--(1) Not later than 60 days after 
receiving from the Secretary of Transportation a proper application for 
an energy project under section 44718 of title 49 that may have an 
adverse impact on military operations and readiness, the Clearinghouse 
shall conduct a preliminary review of such application. The review 
shall--
``(A) assess the likely scope, duration, and level of risk 
of any adverse impact of such energy project on military 
operations and readiness; and
``(B) identify any feasible and affordable actions that 
could be taken by the Department, the developer of such energy 
project, or others to mitigate the adverse impact and to 
minimize risks to national security while allowing the energy 
project to proceed with development.
``(2) If the Clearinghouse finds under paragraph (1) that an energy 
project will have an adverse impact on military operations and 
readiness, the Clearinghouse shall issue to the applicant a notice of 
presumed risk that describes the concerns identified by the Department 
in the preliminary review and requests a discussion of possible 
mitigation actions.
``(3) At the same time that the Clearinghouse issues to the 
applicant a notice of presumed risk under paragraph (2), the 
Clearinghouse shall provide the same notice to the governor of the State 
in which the project is located and request that the governor provide 
the Clearinghouse any comments the governor believes of relevance to the 
application. The Secretary of Defense shall consider the comments of the 
governor in the Secretary's evaluation of whether the project presents 
an unacceptable risk to the national security of the United States and 
shall include the comments with the finding provided to the Secretary of 
Transportation pursuant to section 44718(f) of title 49.
``(4) The Clearinghouse shall develop, in coordination with other 
departments and agencies of the Federal Government, an integrated review 
process to ensure timely notification and consideration of energy 
projects filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 
44718 of title 49 that may have an adverse impact on military operations 
and readiness.
``(5) The Clearinghouse shall establish procedures for the 
Department of Defense for the coordinated consideration of and response 
to a request for a review received from another Federal agency, a State 
government, an Indian tribal government, a local government, a 
landowner, or the developer of an energy project, including guidance to 
personnel at each military installation in the United States on how to 
initiate such procedures and ensure a coordinated Department response.
``(6) The Clearinghouse shall develop procedures for conducting 
early outreach to parties carrying out energy projects that could have 
an adverse impact on military operations and readiness and to clearly 
communicate to such parties actions being taken by the Department of 
Defense under this section. The procedures shall provide for filing by 
such parties of a project area and preliminary
[[Page 131 STAT. 1345]]
project layout at least one year before expected construction of any 
project proposed within a military training route or within line-of-
sight of any air route surveillance radar or airport surveillance radar 
operated or used by the Department of Defense in order to provide 
adequate time for analysis and negotiation of mitigation options. 
Material marked as proprietary or competition sensitive by a party 
filing for this preliminary review shall be protected from public 
release by the Department of Defense.
``(d) Comprehensive Review.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
develop a comprehensive strategy for addressing the impacts upon the 
military of projects filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant 
to section 44718 of title 49.
``(2) In developing the strategy required by paragraph (1), the 
Secretary shall--
``(A) assess the magnitude of interference posed by projects 
filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 
44718 of title 49;
``(B) solely for the purpose of informing preliminary 
reviews under subsection (c)(1) and early outreach efforts under 
subsection (c)(5), identify distinct geographic areas selected 
as proposed locations for projects filed, or for projects that 
are reasonably expected to be filed in the near future, with the 
Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 
49 where the Secretary of Defense can demonstrate such projects 
could have an adverse impact on military operations and 
readiness, including military training routes, and categorize 
the risk of adverse impact in such areas;
``(C) develop procedures for the initial identification of 
such geographic areas identified under subparagraph (B), to 
include a process to provide notice and seek public comment 
prior to making a final designation of the geographic areas, 
including maps of the area and the basis for identification;
``(D) develop procedures to periodically review and modify, 
consistent with the notice and public comment process under 
subparagraph (C), geographic areas identified under subparagraph 
(B) and to solicit and identify additional geographic areas as 
appropriate;
``(E) at the conclusion of the notice and public comment 
period conducted under subparagraph (C), make a final finding on 
the designation of a geographic area of concern or delegate the 
authority to make such finding to a Deputy Secretary of Defense, 
an Under Secretary of Defense, or a Principal Deputy Under 
Secretary of Defense; and
``(F) specifically identify feasible and affordable long-
term actions that may be taken to mitigate adverse impacts of 
projects filed, or which may be filed in the future, with the 
Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 
49, on military operations and readiness, including--
``(i) investment priorities of the Department of 
Defense with respect to research and development;
``(ii) modifications to military operations to 
accommodate applications for such projects;
``(iii) recommended upgrades or modifications to 
existing systems or procedures by the Department of 
Defense;
[[Page 131 STAT. 1346]]
``(iv) acquisition of new systems by the Department 
and other departments and agencies of the Federal 
Government and timelines for fielding such new systems; 
and
``(v) modifications to the projects for which such 
applications are filed with the Secretary of 
Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49, 
including changes in size, location, or technology.
``(3) The Clearinghouse shall make access to data reflecting 
geographic areas identified under subparagraph (B) of paragraph (2) and 
reviewed and modified under subparagraph (C) of such paragraph available 
online.
``(e) Department of Defense Finding of Unacceptable Risk.--(1) The 
Secretary of Defense may not object to an energy project filed with the 
Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49, 
except in a case in which the Secretary of Defense determines, after 
giving full consideration to mitigation actions identified pursuant to 
this section, that such project, in isolation or cumulatively with other 
projects, would result in an unacceptable risk to the national security 
of the United States. The Secretary of Defense's finding of unacceptable 
risk to national security shall be transmitted to the Secretary of 
Transportation for inclusion in the report required under section 
44718(b)(2) of title 49.
``(2)(A) Not later than 30 days after making a finding of 
unacceptable risk under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees, the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate, and the Committee 
on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a 
report on such finding and the basis for such finding. Such report shall 
include an explanation of the operational impact that led to the 
finding, a discussion of the mitigation options considered, and an 
explanation of why the mitigation options were not feasible or did not 
resolve the conflict. The report may include a classified annex. 
Unclassified reports shall also be provided to the project proponent. 
The Secretary of Defense may provide public notice through the Federal 
Register of the finding.
``(B) The Secretary of Defense shall notify the appropriate State 
agency of a finding made under paragraph (1).
``(3) The Secretary of Defense may only delegate the responsibility 
for making a finding of unacceptable risk under paragraph (1) to the 
Deputy Secretary of Defense, an under secretary of defense, or a deputy 
under secretary of defense.
``(4) The Clearinghouse shall develop procedures for making a 
finding of unacceptable risk, including with respect to how to implement 
cumulative effects analysis. Such procedures shall be subject to public 
comment prior to finalization.
``(f) Authority to Accept Contributions of Funds.--The Secretary of 
Defense is authorized to request and accept a voluntary contribution of 
funds from an applicant for a project filed with the Secretary of 
Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49. Amounts so 
accepted shall remain available until expended for the purpose of 
offsetting the cost of measures undertaken by the Secretary of Defense 
to mitigate adverse impacts of such a project on military operations and 
readiness or to conduct studies of potential measures to mitigate such 
impacts.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1347]]
``(g) Effect of Department of Defense Hazard Assessment.--An action 
taken pursuant to this section shall not be considered to be a 
substitute for any assessment or determination required of the Secretary 
of Transportation under section 44718 of title 49.
``(h) Definitions.--In this section:
``(1) The term `adverse impact on military operations and 
readiness' means any adverse impact upon military operations and 
readiness, including flight operations, research, development, 
testing, and evaluation, and training, that is demonstrable and 
is likely to impair or degrade the ability of the armed forces 
to perform their warfighting missions.
``(2) The term `energy project' means a project that 
provides for the generation or transmission of electrical 
energy.
``(3) The term `landowner' means a person that owns a fee 
interest in real property on which a proposed energy project is 
planned to be located.
``(4) The term `military installation' has the meaning given 
that term in section 2801(c)(4) of this title.
``(5) The term `military readiness' includes any training or 
operation that could be related to combat readiness, including 
testing and evaluation activities.
``(6) The term `military training route' means a training 
route developed as part of the Military Training Route Program, 
carried out jointly by the Federal Aviation Administration and 
the Secretary of Defense, for use by the armed forces for the 
purpose of conducting low-altitude, high-speed military 
training.
``(7) The term `unacceptable risk to the national security 
of the United States' means the construction, alteration, 
establishment, or expansion, or the proposed construction, 
alteration, establishment, or expansion, of a structure or 
sanitary landfill, that the Secretary of Defense can demonstrate 
would--
``(A) endanger safety in air commerce directly 
related to the activities of the Department of Defense;
``(B) interfere with the efficient use of the 
navigable airspace directly related to the activities of 
the Department of Defense; or
``(C) significantly impair or degrade the capability 
of the Department of Defense to conduct training, 
research, development, testing, and evaluation, and 
operations or to maintain military readiness.''.
(b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
(1) Repeal of existing provision.--Section 358 of the Ike 
Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 
(49 U.S.C. 44718 note) is repealed.
(2) Cross-reference in title 49, united states code.--
Section 44718(f) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``and in accordance with section 183a(e) of title 10'' 
after ``conducted under subsection (b)''.
(3) Reference to definitions.--Section 44718(g) of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``211.3 of title 32, 
Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on January 6, 2014'' 
both places it appears and inserting ``183a(g) of title 10''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1348]]
(4) Table of sections amendment.--The table of sections at 
the beginning of chapter 7 of title 10 <>  is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 183 the following new item:
``183a. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Siting 
Clearinghouse for review of mission obstructions.''.
(c) <>  Applicability of Existing Rules and 
Regulations.--Notwithstanding the amendments made by subsection (a), any 
rule or regulation promulgated to carry out section 358 of the Ike 
Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (49 
U.S.C. 44718 note), that is in effect on the day before the date of the 
enactment of this Act shall continue in effect and apply to the extent 
such rule or regulation is consistent with the authority under section 
183a of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), until 
such rule or regulation is otherwise amended or repealed.
(d) <>  Deadline for Initial Identification 
of Geographic Areas.--The initial identification of geographic areas 
under section 183a(d)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
subsection (a), shall be completed not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act.
(e) Conforming Amendment Regarding Critical Military-use Airspace 
Areas.--Section 44718 of title 49, United States Code, as amended by 
subsection (b)(3), is further amended--
(1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
(2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
subsection:
``(g) Special Rule for Identified Geographic Areas.--In the case of 
a proposed structure to be located within a geographic area identified 
under section 183a(d)(2)(B) of title 10, the Secretary of Transportation 
may not issue a determination pursuant to this section until the 
Secretary of Defense issues a finding under section 183a(e) of title 10, 
the Secretary of Defense advises the Secretary of Transportation that no 
finding under section 183a(e) of title 10 will be forthcoming, or 180 
days have lapsed since the project was filed with the Secretary of 
Transportation pursuant to this section, whichever occurs first.''.
SEC. 312. ENERGY PERFORMANCE GOALS AND MASTER PLAN.
Section 2911(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) in paragraph (1), by inserting before the period at the 
end the following: ``, the future demand for energy, and the 
requirements for the use of energy'';
(2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``reduce the future demand 
and the requirements for the use of energy'' and inserting 
``enhance energy resilience to ensure the Department of Defense 
has the ability to prepare for and recover from energy 
disruptions that affect mission assurance on military 
installations''; and
(3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
``(13) Opportunities to leverage financing provided by a 
non-Department entity to address installation energy needs.''.
SEC. 313. PAYMENT TO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY OF STIPULATED 
PENALTY IN CONNECTION WITH UMATILLA 
CHEMICAL DEPOT, OREGON.
(a) Authority to Transfer Funds.--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1349]]
(1) Transfer amount.--The Secretary of the Army may transfer 
an amount of not more than $125,000 to the Hazardous Substance 
Superfund established under subchapter A of chapter 98 of the 
Internal Revenue Code of 1986. Any such transfer shall be made 
without regard to section 2215 of title 10, United States Code.
(2) Source of funds.--Any transfer under subsection (a) 
shall be made using funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for Base 
Realignment and Closure, Army.
(b) Purpose of Transfer.--A transfer under subsection (a) shall be 
for the purpose of satisfying a stipulated penalty assessed by the 
Environmental Protection Agency in the settlement agreement approved by 
the Army on July 14, 2016, against the Umatilla Chemical Depot, Oregon 
under the Federal Facility Agreement between the Army and the 
Environmental Protection Agency dated September 19, 1989.
(c) Acceptance of Payment.--If the Secretary of the Army makes a 
transfer under subsection (a), the Administrator of the Environmental 
Protection Agency shall accept the amount transferred as payment in full 
of the penalty referred to in subsection (b).
SEC. 314. PAYMENT TO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY OF STIPULATED 
PENALTY IN CONNECTION WITH LONGHORN ARMY 
AMMUNITION PLANT, TEXAS.
(a) Authority to Transfer Funds.--
(1) Transfer amount.--The Secretary of the Army may transfer 
an amount of not more than $1,185,000 to the Hazardous Substance 
Superfund established under subchapter A of chapter 98 of the 
Internal Revenue Code of 1986. Any such transfer shall be made 
without regard to section 2215 of title 10, United States Code.
(2) Source of funds.--Any transfer under subsection (a) 
shall be made using funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for 
Environmental Restoration, Army.
(b) Purpose of Transfer.--A transfer under subsection (a) shall be 
for the purpose of satisfying a stipulated penalty assessed by the 
Environmental Protection Agency on April 5, 2013, against Longhorn Army 
Ammunition Plant, Texas, under the Federal Facility Agreement for 
Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, which was entered into between the Army 
and the Environmental Protection Agency in 1991.
(c) Acceptance of Payment.--If the Secretary of the Army makes a 
transfer under subsection (a), the Administrator of the Environmental 
Protection Agency shall accept the amount transferred as payment in full 
of the penalty referred to in subsection (b).
SEC. 315. DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY CLEANUP AND REMOVAL OF PETROLEUM, 
OIL, AND LUBRICANT ASSOCIATED WITH THE 
PRINZ EUGEN.
(a) Authority.--Amounts authorized to be appropriated for the 
Department of the Army may by used for all necessary expenses for the 
removal and cleanup of petroleum, oil, and lubricants associated with 
the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen, which was transferred
[[Page 131 STAT. 1350]]
from the United States to the Republic of the Marshall Islands in 1986.
(b) Certification.--If the Secretary of the Army does not use the 
authority provided by subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit a 
certification to the congressional defense committees not later than 
September 30, 2018, that the petroleum, oil, and lubricants associated 
with the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen do not adversely impact safety or 
military operations.
SEC. 316. CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL STUDY ON HEALTH IMPLICATIONS 
OF PER- AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES 
CONTAMINATION IN DRINKING WATER.
(a) Study on Human Health Implications.--
(1) In general.--The Secretary of Health and Human Services, 
acting through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 
and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, and, 
as appropriate, the National Institute of Environmental Health 
Sciences, and in consultation with the Department of Defense, 
shall--
(A) commence a study on the human health 
implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances 
(PFAS) contamination in drinking water, ground water, 
and any other sources of water and relevant exposure 
pathways, including the cumulative human health 
implications of multiple types of PFAS contamination at 
levels above and below health advisory levels;
(B) not later than 5 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act (or 7 years after such date of 
enactment after providing notice to the appropriate 
congressional committees of the need for the delay)--
(i) complete such study and make any 
appropriate recommendations; and
(ii) submit a report to the appropriate 
congressional committees on the results of such 
study; and
(C) not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter until 
submission of the report under subparagraph (B)(ii), 
submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
report on the progress of the study.
(2) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act for the Department of Defense, $7,000,000 shall be 
available to carry out the study under this subsection.
(3) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--In this 
subsection, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
means--
(A) the congressional defense committees;
(B) the Committee on Heath, Education, Labor, and 
Pensions, the Committee on Environment and Public Works, 
and the Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate; 
and
(C) the Committee on Energy and Commerce and the 
Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the House of 
Representatives.
(b) Exposure Assessment.--
(1) In general.--The Secretary of Health and Human Services, 
acting through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 
and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease
[[Page 131 STAT. 1351]]
Registry, and, as appropriate, the National Institute of 
Environmental Health Sciences, and in consultation with the 
Department of Defense, shall conduct an exposure assessment of 
no less than 8 current or former domestic military installations 
known to have PFAS contamination in drinking water, ground 
water, and any other sources of water and relevant exposure 
pathways.
(2) Contents.--The exposure assessment required under this 
subsection shall--
(A) include--
(i) for each military installation covered 
under the exposure assessment, a statistical 
sample to be determined by the Secretary of Health 
and Human Services in consultation with the 
relevant State health departments; and
(ii) bio-monitoring for assessing the 
contamination described in paragraph (1); and
(B) produce findings, which shall be--
(i) used to help design the study described in 
subsection (a)(1)(A); and
(ii) released to the appropriate congressional 
committees not later than 1 year after the 
conclusion of such exposure assessment.
(3) Timing.--The exposure assessment required under this 
subsection shall--
(A) begin not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act; and
(B) conclude not later than 2 years after such date 
of enactment.
(c) Coordination With Other Agencies.--The Agency for Toxic 
Substance and Disease Registry may, as necessary, use staff and other 
resources from other Federal agencies in carrying out the study under 
subsection (a) and the assessment under subsection (b).
(d) No Effect on Regulatory Process.--The study and assessment 
conducted under this section shall not interfere with any regulatory 
processes of the Environmental Protection Agency, including 
determinations of maximum contaminant levels.
SEC. 317. <>  SENTINEL LANDSCAPES 
PARTNERSHIP.
(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with 
the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of the Interior, may 
establish and carry out a program to preserve sentinel landscapes. The 
program shall be known as the ``Sentinel Landscapes Partnership''.
(b) Designation of Sentinel Landscapes.--The Secretary of Defense, 
the Secretary of Agriculture, and the Secretary of the Interior, may, as 
the Secretaries determine appropriate, collectively designate one or 
more sentinel landscapes.
(c) Coordination of Activities.--The Secretaries may coordinate 
actions between their departments and with other agencies and private 
organizations to more efficiently work together for the mutual benefit 
of conservation, working lands, and national defense, and to encourage 
private landowners to engage in voluntary land management and 
conservation activities that contribute to the sustainment of military 
installations, ranges, and airspace.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1352]]
(d) Priority Consideration.--The Secretary of Agriculture and the 
Secretary of the Interior may give to any eligible landowner or 
agricultural producer within a designated sentinel landscape priority 
consideration for participation in any easement, grant, or assistance 
programs administered by that Secretary's department. Participation in 
any such program pursuant to this section shall be voluntary.
(e) Definitions.--In this section:
(1) Military installation.--The term ``military 
installation'' has the same meaning as provided in section 
670(1) of title 16, United States Code.
(2) State-owned national guard installation.--The term 
``State-owned National Guard installation'' has the same meaning 
as provided in section 670(3) of title 16, United States Code.
(3) Sentinel landscape.--The term ``sentinel landscape'' 
means a landscape-scale area encompassing--
(A) one or more military installations or state-
owned National Guard installations and associated 
airspace; and
(B) the working or natural lands that serve to 
protect and support the rural economy, the natural 
environment, outdoor recreation, and the national 
defense test and training missions of the military- or 
State-owned National Guard installation or 
installations.
(f) Conforming Amendment.--Section 312(b) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 
729; 10 U.S.C. 2684a note) is repealed.
SEC. 318. REPORT ON RELEASE OF RADIUM OR RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL INTO 
THE GROUNDWATER NEAR THE INDUSTRIAL 
RESERVE PLANT IN BETHPAGE, NEW YORK.
Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress an addendum to the 
report submitted to Congress in June 2017 entitled ``2017 Annual Report 
For Groundwater Impacts at Naval Weapons Industrial Reserve Plant 
Bethpage, New York'' that would detail any releases by the Department of 
Defense of radium or radioactive material into the groundwater within a 
75-mile radius of the industrial reserve plant in Bethpage, New York.
Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment
SEC. 321. REAUTHORIZATION OF MULTI-TRADES DEMONSTRATION PROJECT.
Section 338 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 5013 note), as most recently 
amended by section 321 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1694) is amended--
(1) in subsection (d), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''; and
(2) in subsection (e), by striking ``2019'' and inserting 
``2024''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1353]]
SEC. 322. <>  INCREASED PERCENTAGE OF 
SUSTAINMENT FUNDS AUTHORIZED FOR 
REALIGNMENT TO RESTORATION AND 
MODERNIZATION AT EACH INSTALLATION.
(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may authorize an 
installation commander to realign up to 7.5 percent of an installation's 
sustainment funds to restoration and modernization.
(b) Sunset.--The authority under subsection (a) shall expire at the 
close of September 30, 2022.
(c) Definitions.--The terms ``sustainment'', ``restoration'', and 
``modernization'' have the meanings given the terms in the Department of 
Defense Financial Management Regulation.
SEC. 323. <>  GUIDANCE REGARDING USE OF 
ORGANIC INDUSTRIAL BASE.
Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of the Army shall establish clear and prescriptive 
guidance on the process for conducting make-or-buy analyses for Army 
requirements, including the use of the organic industrial base.
Subtitle D--Reports
SEC. 331. QUARTERLY REPORTS ON PERSONNEL AND UNIT READINESS.
(a) Modification and Improvement.--Section 482 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
(1) in subsection (a)--
(A) by striking ``Each report'' and inserting ``The 
reports for the first and third quarters of a calendar 
year''; and
(B) by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
``The reports for the second and fourth quarters of a 
calendar year shall contain the information required by 
subsection (j).'';
(2) in subsection (b)--
(A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``and 
Remedial Actions'';
(B) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
striking ``Each report'' and inserting ``A report for 
the second or fourth quarter of a calendar year'';
(C) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``and'' after the 
semicolon;
(D) by striking paragraph (2); and
(E) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2);
(3) in subsection (d)(1), by striking ``Each report'' and 
inserting ``A report for the second or fourth quarter of a 
calendar year'';
(4) in subsection (e), by striking ``Each report'' and 
inserting ``A report for the second or fourth quarter of a 
calendar year'';
(5) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``Each report'' and 
inserting ``A report for the second or fourth quarter of a 
calendar year'';
(6) in subsection (g)(1), by striking ``Each report'' and 
inserting ``A report for the second or fourth quarter of a 
calendar year''; and
(7) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
``(j) Remedial Actions.--A report for the first or third quarter of 
a calendar year shall include--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1354]]
``(1) a description of the mitigation plans of the Secretary 
to address readiness shortfalls and operational deficiencies 
identified in the report submitted for the preceding calendar 
quarter; and
``(2) for each such shortfall or deficiency, a timeline for 
resolution, the cost necessary for such resolution, the 
mitigation strategy the Department will employ until the 
resolution is in place, and any legislative remedies 
required.''.
(b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 117 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
(1) in subsection (d)--
(A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
``Quarterly''and inserting ``Semi-annual''; and
(B) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``quarterly'' 
and inserting ``semi-annual''; and
(2) in subsection (e), by striking ``each quarter'' and 
inserting ``semi-annually''.
SEC. 332. BIENNIAL REPORT ON CORE DEPOT-LEVEL MAINTENANCE AND 
REPAIR CAPABILITY.
Section 2464(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
``(4) Any workload shortfalls at any work breakdown 
structure category designated as a lower-level category pursuant 
to Department of Defense Instruction 4151.20, or any successor 
instruction.
``(5) A description of any workload executed at a category 
designated as a first-level category pursuant to such 
Instruction, or any successor instruction, that could be used to 
mitigate shortfalls in similar categories.
``(6) A description of any progress made on implementing 
mitigation plans developed pursuant to paragraph (3).
``(7) A description of core capability requirements and 
corresponding workloads at the first level category.
``(8) In the case of any shortfall that is identified, a 
description of the shortfall and an identification of the 
subcategory of the work breakdown structure in which the 
shortfall occurred.
``(9) In the case of any work breakdown structure category 
designated as a special interest item or other pursuant to such 
Instruction, or any successor instruction, an explanation for 
such designation.
``(10) Whether the core depot-level maintenance and repair 
capability requirements described in the report submitted under 
this subsection for the preceding fiscal year have been 
executed.''.
SEC. 333. ANNUAL REPORT ON PERSONNEL, TRAINING, AND EQUIPMENT 
NEEDS OF NON-FEDERALIZED NATIONAL GUARD.
(a) Annual Report Required.--Section 10504 of title 10, United 
States Code, as amended by section 1051, is further amended--
(1) in subsection (a)--
(A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
``Report'' and inserting ``Report on State of the 
National Guard''; and
(B) by striking ``The report'' and inserting the 
following:
``(2) The annual report required by paragraph (1)''; and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1355]]
(2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
``(b) Annual Report on Non-federalized Service National Guard 
Personnel, Training, and Equipment Requirements.--(1) Not later than 
January 31 of each of calendar years 2018 through 2020, the Chief of the 
National Guard Bureau, in coordination with the Secretary of Defense, 
shall submit to the recipients described in paragraph (3) a report that 
identifies the personnel, training, and equipment required by the non-
Federalized National Guard--
``(A) to support civilian authorities in connection 
with natural and man-made disasters during the covered 
period; and
``(B) to carry out prevention, protection, 
mitigation, response, and recovery activities relating 
to such disasters during the covered period.
``(2) In preparing each report under paragraph (1), the Chief of the 
National Guard Bureau shall--
``(A) consult with the chief executive of each State, the 
Council of Governors, and other appropriate civilian 
authorities;
``(B) collect and validate information from each State 
relating to the personnel, training, and equipment requirements 
described in paragraph (1);
``(C) set forth separately the personnel, training, and 
equipment requirements for--
``(i) each of the emergency support functions of the 
National Response Framework; and
``(ii) each of the Federal Emergency Management 
Agency regions;
``(D) assess core civilian capability gaps relating to 
natural and man-made disasters, as identified by States in 
submissions to the Department of Homeland Security;
``(E) take into account threat and hazard identifications 
and risk assessments of the Department of Defense, the 
Department of Homeland Security, and the States; and
``(F) assess the budgets of each State to support the 
personnel, training, and equipment requirements of the non-
Federalized National Guard.
``(3) The annual report required by paragraph (1) shall be submitted 
to the following officials:
``(A) The congressional defense committees, the Committee on 
Homeland Security of the House of Representatives, and the 
Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the 
Senate.
``(B) The Secretary of Defense.
``(C) The Secretary of Homeland Security.
``(D) The Council of Governors.
``(E) The Secretary of the Army.
``(F) The Secretary of the Air Force.
``(G) The Commander of the United States Northern Command.
``(H) The Commander of the United States Pacific Command.
``(I) The Commander of the United States Cyber Command.
``(4) In this subsection, the term `covered period' means the fiscal 
year beginning after the date on which a report is submitted under 
paragraph (1).''.
(b) Clerical Amendments.--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1356]]
(1) Section heading.--The heading of such section is amended 
to read as follows:
``Sec. 10504. Chief of National Guard Bureau: annual reports''.
(2) Table of contents.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 1011 of title 10, United States 
Code, <>  is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 10504 and inserting the following:
``10504. Chief of National Guard Bureau: annual reports.''.
SEC. 334. <>  ANNUAL REPORT ON MILITARY 
WORKING DOGS USED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF 
DEFENSE.
(a) Capacity.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Executive Agent for Military Working Dogs (hereinafter in this section 
referred to as the ``Executive Agent''), shall--
(1) identify the number of military working dogs required to 
fulfill the various missions of the Department of Defense for 
which such dogs are used, including force protection, facility 
and check point security, and explosives and drug detection;
(2) take such steps as are practicable to ensure an adequate 
number of military working dog teams are available to meet and 
sustain the mission requirements identified in paragraph (1);
(3) ensure that the Department's needs and performance 
standards with respect to military working dogs are readily 
available to dog breeders and trainers; and
(4) coordinate with other Federal, State, and local 
agencies, nonprofit organizations, universities, and private 
sector entities, as appropriate, to increase the training 
capacity for military working dog teams.
(b) Military Working Dog Procurement.--The Secretary, acting through 
the Executive Agent, shall work to ensure that military working dogs are 
procured as efficiently as possible and at the best value to the 
Government, while maintaining the necessary level of quality and 
encouraging increased domestic breeding.
(c) Annual Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter until September 30, 2021, 
the Secretary, acting through the Executive Agent, shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the procurement and 
retirement of military working dogs for the fiscal year preceding the 
fiscal year during which the report is submitted. Each report under this 
subsection shall include the following for the fiscal year covered by 
the report:
(1) The number of military working dogs procured, by source, 
by each military department or Defense Agency.
(2) The cost of procuring military working dogs incurred by 
each military department or Defense Agency.
(3) The number of domestically-bred and sourced military 
working dogs procured by each military department or Defense 
Agency, including a list of vendors, their location, cost, and 
the quantity of dogs procured from each vendor.
(4) The number of non-domestically-bred military working 
dogs procured from non-domestic sources by each military 
department or Defense Agency, including a list of vendors, their 
location, cost, and the quantity of dogs procured from each 
vendor.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1357]]
(5) The cost of procuring pre-trained and green dogs for 
force protection, facility and checkpoint security, and 
improvised explosive device, other explosives, and drug 
detection.
(6) An analysis of the procurement practices of each 
military department or Defense Agency that limit market access 
for domestic canine vendors and breeders.
(7) The total cost of procuring domestically-bred military 
working dogs versus the total cost of procuring dogs from non-
domestic sources.
(8) The total number of domestically-bred dogs and the 
number of dogs from foreign sources procured by each military 
department or Defense Agency and the number and percentage of 
those dogs that are ultimately deployed for their intended use.
(9) An explanation for any significant difference in the 
cost of procuring military working dogs from different sources.
(10) An estimate of the number of military working dogs 
expected to retire annually and an identification of the primary 
cause of the retirement of such dogs.
(11) An identification of the final disposition of military 
working dogs no longer in service.
(d) Military Working Dog Defined.--For purposes of this section, the 
term ``military working dog'' means a dog used in any official military 
capacity, as defined by the Secretary of Defense.
SEC. 335. REPORT ON EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON DEPARTMENT OF 
DEFENSE.
(a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
(1) Secretary of Defense James Mattis has stated: ``It is 
appropriate for the Combatant Commands to incorporate drivers of 
instability that impact the security environment in their areas 
into their planning.''.
(2) Secretary of Defense James Mattis has stated: ``I agree 
that the effects of a changing climate -- such as increased 
maritime access to the Arctic, rising sea levels, 
desertification, among others -- impact our security 
situation.''.
(3) Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Joseph Dunford has 
stated: ``It's a question, once again, of being forward 
deployed, forward engaged, and be in a position to respond to 
the kinds of natural disasters that I think we see as a second 
or third order effect of climate change.''.
(4) Former Secretary of Defense Robert Gates has stated: 
``Over the next 20 years and more, certain pressures-population, 
energy, climate, economic, environmental-could combine with 
rapid cultural, social, and technological change to produce new 
sources of deprivation, rage, and instability.''.
(5) Former Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army Gordon Sullivan 
has stated: ``Climate change is a national security issue. We 
found that climate instability will lead to instability in 
geopolitics and impact American military operations around the 
world.''.
(6) The Office of the Director of National Intelligence 
(ODNI) has stated: ``Many countries will encounter climate-
induced disruptions--such as weather-related disasters, drought, 
famine, or damage to infrastructure--that stress their capacity 
to respond, cope with, or adapt. Climate-related impacts will 
also contribute to increased migration, which can
[[Page 131 STAT. 1358]]
be particularly disruptive if, for example, demand for food and 
shelter outstrips the resources available to assist those in 
need.''.
(7) The Government Accountability Office (GAO) has stated: 
``DOD links changes in precipitation patterns with potential 
climate change impacts such as changes in the number of 
consecutive days of high or low precipitation as well as 
increases in the extent and duration of droughts, with an 
associated increase in the risk of wildfire. . . this may result 
in mission vulnerabilities such as reduced live-fire training 
due to drought and increased wildfire risk.''.
(8) A three-foot rise in sea levels will threaten the 
operations of more than 128 United States military sites, and it 
is possible that many of these at-risk bases could be submerged 
in the coming years.
(9) As global temperatures rise, droughts and famines can 
lead to more failed states, which are breeding grounds of 
extremist and terrorist organizations.
(10) In the Marshall Islands, an Air Force radar 
installation built on an atoll at a cost of $1,000,000,000 is 
projected to be underwater within two decades.
(11) In the western United States, drought has amplified the 
threat of wildfires, and floods have damaged roads, runways, and 
buildings on military bases.
(12) In the Arctic, the combination of melting sea ice, 
thawing permafrost, and sea-level rise is eroding shorelines, 
which is damaging radar and communication installations, 
runways, seawalls, and training areas.
(13) In the Yukon Training Area, units conducting artillery 
training accidentally started a wildfire despite observing the 
necessary practices during red flag warning conditions.
(b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
(1) climate change is a direct threat to the national 
security of the United States and is impacting stability in 
areas of the world both where the United States Armed Forces are 
operating today, and where strategic implications for future 
conflict exist;
(2) there are complexities in quantifying the cost of 
climate change on mission resiliency, but the Department of 
Defense must ensure that it is prepared to conduct operations 
both today and in the future and that it is prepared to address 
the effects of a changing climate on threat assessments, 
resources, and readiness; and
(3) military installations must be able to effectively 
prepare to mitigate climate damage in their master planning and 
infrastructure planning and design, so that they might best 
consider the weather and natural resources most pertinent to 
them.
(c) Report.--
(1) Report required.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives a report on vulnerabilities to military 
installations and combatant commander requirements resulting 
from climate change over the next 20 years.
(2) Elements.--The report on vulnerabilities to military 
installations and combatant commander requirements required by 
paragraph (1) shall include the following:
[[Page 131 STAT. 1359]]
(A) A list of the ten most vulnerable military 
installations within each service based on the effects 
of rising sea tides, increased flooding, drought, 
desertification, wildfires, thawing permafrost, and any 
other categories the Secretary determines necessary.
(B) An overview of mitigations that may be necessary 
to ensure the continued operational viability and to 
increase the resiliency of the identified vulnerable 
military installations and the cost of such mitigations.
(C) A discussion of the climate-change related 
effects on the Department, including the increase in the 
frequency of humanitarian assistance and disaster relief 
missions and the theater campaign plans, contingency 
plans, and global posture of the combatant commanders.
(D) An overview of mitigations that may be necessary 
to ensure mission resiliency and the cost of such 
mitigations.
(3) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified 
annex.
SEC. 336. REPORT ON OPTIMIZATION OF TRAINING IN AND MANAGEMENT OF 
SPECIAL USE AIRSPACE.
(a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Director of the Bases, Ranges, and Airspace 
Directorate of the Air Force and the Administrator of the Federal 
Aviation Administration shall submit to Congress a report on 
optimization of training in and management of special use airspace that 
includes the following:
(1) Best practices for the management of special use 
airspace, including practices that--
(A) result in cost savings relating to training;
(B) increase training opportunities for airmen;
(C) increase joint use of such airspace;
(D) improve coordination with respect to such 
airspace with--
(i) the Federal Aviation Administration;
(ii) Indian tribes;
(iii) airports, civilian aircraft operators, 
and local communities; and
(iv) private landowners and other 
stakeholders; or
(E) improve the coordination of large force 
exercises, including the use of waivers or other 
exceptional measures.
(2) An assessment of whether the capacity of ranges, 
including limitations on flight operations, is adequate to meet 
current and future training needs.
(3) An assessment of whether the establishment of a 
dedicated squadron for the purpose of coordinating the use of a 
special use airspace at the installation located in that 
airspace would improve the achievement of the objectives 
described in subparagraphs (A) through (E) of paragraph (1).
(4) An assessment of the processes in place to consider, 
evaluate, and mitigate special use airspace impacts to the 
public right of transit through navigable airspace and the safe 
and efficient use of the National Airspace System by commercial 
and general aviation.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1360]]
(5) Recommendations for improving the management and 
utilization of special use airspace to meet the objectives 
described in subparagraphs (A) through (E) of paragraph (1) and 
to address any gaps in capacity identified under paragraph (2).
(b) Special Use Airspace Defined.--In this section, the term 
``special use airspace'' means special use airspace designated under 
part 73 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations.
SEC. 337. PLAN FOR MODERNIZED, DEDICATED DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY 
ADVERSARY AIR TRAINING ENTERPRISE.
(a) Plan Required.--The Chief of Naval Operations and the Commandant 
of the Marine Corps shall develop a plan--
(1) to establish a modernized, dedicated adversary air 
training enterprise for the Department of the Navy in order to--
(A) maximize warfighting effectiveness and synergies 
of the current and planned fourth and fifth generation 
combat air forces through optimized training and 
readiness; and
(B) harness intelligence analysis, emerging live-
virtual-constructive training technologies, range 
infrastructure improvements, and results of 
experimentation and prototyping efforts in operational 
concept development;
(2) to explore all available opportunities to challenge the 
combat air forces of the Department of the Navy with threat 
representative adversary-to-friendly aircraft ratios, known and 
emerging adversary tactics, and high-fidelity replication of 
threat airborne and ground capabilities; and
(3) to execute all means available to achieve training and 
readiness goals and objectives of the Navy and Marine Corps with 
demonstrated institutional commitment to the adversary air 
training enterprise through the application of Department of the 
Navy policy and resources, partnering with the other Armed 
Forces, allies, and friends, and employing the use of industry 
contracted services.
(b) Plan Elements.--The plan required under subsection (a) shall 
include enterprise goals, objectives, concepts of operations, phased 
implementation timelines, analysis of expected readiness improvements, 
prioritized resource requirements, and such other matters as the Chief 
of Naval Operations and Commandant of the Marine Corps consider 
appropriate.
(c) Submittal of Plan and Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2018, 
the Chief of Naval Operations and Commandant of the Marine Corps shall 
provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a written plan and briefing on the plan required 
under subsection (a).
SEC. 338. <>  UPDATED GUIDANCE REGARDING 
BIENNIAL CORE REPORT.
To ensure that the biennial core reporting procedures of the 
Department of Defense align with the requirements of section 2464 of 
title 10, United States Code, and that each reporting agency provides 
accurate and complete information, the Secretary of Defense shall direct 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics 
to update the Department of Defense Guidance, in particular Department 
of Defense Instruction 4151.20, to require future biennial core reports 
include instructions to the reporting agencies on how to--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1361]]
(1) report additional depot workload performed that has not 
been identified as a core requirement;
(2) accurately capture inter-service workload;
(3) calculate shortfalls; and
(4) estimate the cost of planned workload.
Subtitle E--Other Matters
SEC. 341. EXPLOSIVE SAFETY BOARD.
(a) Modification and Improvement of Ammunition Storage Board.--
Section 172 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by striking ``The Secretaries of the military 
departments'' and inserting ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of 
Defense'';
(2) by inserting ``that includes members'' after ``joint 
board'';
(3) by striking ``selected by them'' and inserting 
``selected by the Secretaries of the military departments,'';
(4) by inserting ``military'' before ``officers'';
(5) by inserting ``designated as the chair and voting 
members of the board for each military department'' after 
``officers'';
(6) by inserting ``and other'' before ``civilian officers'';
(7) by striking ``or both'' and inserting ``as necessary'';
(8) by striking ``keep informed on stored'' and inserting 
``provide oversight on storage and transportation of''; and
(9) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
``(b) Oversight by Secretaries of the Military Departments.--The 
Secretaries of the military departments shall provide research, 
development, test, evaluation, and manufacturing oversight for energetic 
materials supporting military requirements.''.
(b) Clerical Amendments.--
(1) Section heading.--The heading of section 172 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``Ammunition 
storage'' and inserting ``Explosive safety''.
(2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 7 of such title <>  
is amended by striking the item relating to section 172 and 
inserting the following new item:
``172. Explosive safety board.''.
SEC. 342. <>  SERVICEWOMEN'S COMMEMORATIVE 
PARTNERSHIPS.
(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may provide not more than 
$5,000,000 in financial support for the acquisition, installation, and 
maintenance of exhibits, facilities, historical displays, and programs 
at military service memorials and museums that highlight the role of 
women in the military. The Secretary may enter into a contract, 
partnership, or grant with a non-profit organization for the purpose of 
performing such acquisition, installation, and maintenance.
(b) Purposes.--The contracts, partnerships, or grants shall be 
limited to serving the purposes of--
(1) preserving the history of the 3,000,000 women who have 
served in the United States Armed Forces;
(2) managing an archive of artifacts, historic memorabilia, 
and documents related to servicewomen;
(3) maintaining a women veterans' oral history program; and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1362]]
(4) conducting other educational programs related to women 
in service.
SEC. 343. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR ADVANCED SKILLS 
MANAGEMENT SOFTWARE SYSTEM OF THE NAVY.
(a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for the 
Department of Defense may be obligated for the enhancement of the 
advanced skills management software system of the Navy until a period of 
60 days has elapsed following the date on which Secretary of the Navy 
makes the submission required under subsection (b)(3).
(b) Briefing and Certification.--The Secretary of the Navy shall--
(1) provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing on any 
enhancements that are needed for the advanced skills management 
software system of the Navy;
(2) after providing the briefing under paragraph (1), issue 
a request for information for such enhancements in accordance 
with part 15.2 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation; and
(3) submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives--
(A) the results of the request for information 
issued under paragraph (2); and
(B) a written certification that--
(i) as part of the request for information, 
the Secretary solicited information on 
commercially available off-the-shelf software 
solutions that may be used to enhance the advanced 
skills management software system of the Navy; and
(ii) the Secretary has considered using such 
solutions.
(c) Advanced Skills Management Software System Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``advanced skills management software system'' means a 
software application designed to--
(1) identify job task requirements for Navy personnel;
(2) assist in determining the proficiencies of such 
personnel;
(3) document qualifications and certifications of such 
personnel; and
(4) track the technical training completed by Navy aviation 
maintenance personnel.
SEC. 344. <>  COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF 
UNIFORM SPECIFICATIONS FOR AFGHAN MILITARY 
OR SECURITY FORCES.
Beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, whenever the 
Secretary of Defense enters into a contract for the provision of 
uniforms for Afghan military or security forces, the Secretary shall 
conduct a cost-benefit analysis of the uniform specification for the 
Afghan military or security forces uniform. Such analysis shall 
determine--
(1) whether there is a more effective alternative uniform 
specification, considering both operational environment and 
cost, available to the Afghan military or security forces;
(2) the efficacy of the existing pattern compared to other 
alternatives (both proprietary and non-proprietary patterns); 
and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1363]]
(3) the costs and feasibility of transitioning the uniforms 
of the Afghan military or security forces to a pattern owned by 
the United States, using existing excess inventory where 
available, and acquiring the rights to the Spec4ce Forest 
pattern.
SEC. 345. <>  TEMPORARY INSTALLATION 
REUTILIZATION AUTHORITY FOR ARSENALS, 
DEPOTS, AND PLANTS.
(a) Modified Authority.--In the case of a military manufacturing 
arsenal, depot, or plant, the Secretary of the Army may authorize up to 
10 leases and contracts per fiscal year under section 2667 of title 10, 
United States Code, for a term of up to 25 years, notwithstanding 
subsection (b)(1) of such section, if the Secretary determines that a 
lease or contract of that duration will promote the national defense for 
the purpose of--
(1) helping to maintain the viability of the military 
manufacturing arsenal, depot, or plant and any military 
installations on which it is located;
(2) eliminating, or at least reducing, the cost of 
Government ownership of the military manufacturing arsenal, 
depot, or plant, including the costs of operations and 
maintenance, the costs of environmental remediation, and other 
costs; and
(3) leveraging private investment at the military 
manufacturing arsenal, depot, or plant through long-term 
facility use contracts, property management contracts, leases, 
or other agreements that support and advance the preceding 
purposes.
(b) Delegation and Review Process.--
(1) In general.--The Secretary of the Army may delegate the 
authority provided by this section to the commander of the major 
subordinate command of the Army that has responsibility for the 
military manufacturing arsenal, depot, or plant or, if part of a 
larger military installation, the installation as a whole. The 
commander may approve a lease or contract under such authority 
on a case-by-case basis or a class basis.
(2) Notice of approval.--Upon any approval of a lease or 
contract by a commander pursuant to a delegation of authority 
under paragraph (1), the commander shall notify the Chief of the 
Army Corps of Engineers and Congress of the approval.
(3) Review period.--Any lease or contract that is approved 
utilizing the delegation authority under paragraph (1) is 
subject to a 90-day hold period so that the Chief of the Army 
Corps of Engineers may review the lease or contract pursuant to 
paragraph (4).
(4) Disposition of review.--If the Chief of the Army Corps 
of Engineers disapproves of a contract or lease submitted for 
review under paragraph (3), the agreement shall be null and void 
upon transmittal by the Chief of the Army Corps of Engineers to 
the delegating authority of a written disapproval, including a 
justification for such disapproval, within the 90-day hold 
period. If no such disapproval is transmitted within the 90-day 
hold period, the agreement shall be deemed approved.
(5) Approval of revised agreement.--If, not later than 60 
days after receiving a disapproval under paragraph (4), the 
delegating authority submits to the Chief of the Army Corps of 
Engineers a new contract or lease that addresses
[[Page 131 STAT. 1364]]
the concerns of the Chief of the Army Corps of Engineers 
outlined in such disapproval, the new contract or lease shall be 
deemed approved unless the Chief of the Army Corps of Engineers 
transmits to the delegating authority a disapproval of the new 
contract or lease within 30 days of such submission.
(c) Military Manufacturing Arsenal, Depot, or Plant Defined.--In 
this section, the term ``military manufacturing arsenal, depot, or 
plant'' means a Government-owned, Government-operated defense plant of 
the Army that manufactures weapons, weapon components, or both.
(d) Sunset.--The authority under this section shall terminate at the 
close of September 30, 2020. Any contracts entered into on or before 
such date shall continue in effect according to their terms.
SEC. 346. COMPREHENSIVE PLAN FOR SHARING DEPOT-LEVEL MAINTENANCE 
BEST PRACTICES.
(a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a comprehensive plan for the sharing of 
best practices for depot-level maintenance among the military services.
(b) Elements.--The comprehensive plan required under subsection (a) 
shall cover the sharing of best practices with regard to--
(1) programing and scheduling;
(2) core capability requirements;
(3) workload;
(4) personnel management, development, and sustainment;
(5) induction, duration, efficiency, and completion metrics;
(6) parts, supply, tool, and equipment management;
(7) capital investment and manufacturing and production 
capability; and
(8) inspection and quality control.
SEC. 347. PILOT PROGRAM FOR OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE BUDGET 
PRESENTATION.
(a) In General.--Along with the budget for fiscal years 2019, 2020, 
and 2021 submitted by the President pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 
31, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries of 
the military departments shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives an annex for the 
following Operation and Maintenance sub-activity groups (SAG):
(1) For the Army:
(A) SAG 111 - Maneuver Units.
(B) SAG 123 - Land Forces Depot Maintenance.
(C) SAG 131 - Base Operations Support.
(D) SAG 322 - Flight Training.
(2) For the Navy:
(A) SAG 1A5A - Aircraft Depot Maintenance.
(B) SAG 1B1B - Mission and Other Ship Operations.
(C) SAG 1B4B - Ship Depot Maintenance.
(D) SAG BSS1 - Base Operating Support.
(3) For the Marine Corps:
(A) SAG 1A1A - Operational Forces.
(B) SAG 1A3A - Depot Maintenance.
(C) SAG 1B1B - Field Logistics.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1365]]
(D) SAG BSS1 - Base Operating Support.
(4) For the Air Force:
(A) SAG 011A - Primary Combat Forces.
(B) SAG 011Y - Flying Hour Program.
(C) SAG 011Z - Base Support.
(D) SAG 021M - Depot Maintenance.
(b) Elements.--The annex required under subsection (a) shall include 
the following elements:
(1) A summary by appropriation account with subtotals for 
Department of Defense components.
(2) A summary of each appropriation account by budget 
activity, activity group, and sub-activity group with budget 
activity and activity group subtotals and an appropriation 
total.
(3) A detailed sub-activity group by program element and 
expense aggregate listing in budget activity and activity group 
sequence.
(4) A rollup document by sub-activity group with 
accompanying program element funding with the PB-61 program 
element tags included.
(5) A summary of each depot maintenance facility with 
information on workload, work force, sources of funding, and 
expenses similar to the exhibit on Mission Funded Naval 
Shipyards included with the 2012 Navy Budget Justification.
(6) A summary of contractor logistics support for each 
program element, including a measure of workload and unit cost.
(c) Formatting.--The annex required under subsection (a) shall be 
formatted in accordance with relevant Department of Defense financial 
management regulations that provide guidance for budget submissions to 
Congress.
SEC. 348. <>  REPURPOSING AND REUSE 
OF SURPLUS ARMY FIREARMS.
(a) Required Transfer.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and subject to subsection (c), the Secretary of 
the Army shall transfer to a suitable organic facility all excess 
firearms, related spare parts and components, small arms ammunition, and 
ammunition components currently stored at Defense Distribution Depot, 
Anniston, Alabama, that are no longer actively issued for military 
service and that are otherwise prohibited from commercial sale, or 
distribution, under Federal law.
(b) Repurposing and Reuse.--The items specified for transfer under 
subsection (a) shall be melted and repurposed for military use as 
determined by the Secretary of the Army, including--
(1) the reforging of new firearms or their components; and
(2) force protection barriers and security bollards.
(c) Items Exempt From Transfer.--M-1 Garand, caliber .45 M1911/
M1911A1 pistols, caliber .22 rimfire rifles, and such additional items 
as designated by the Secretary in the annual report required under 
subsection (d) are not subject to the transfer requirement under 
subsection (a).
(d) Annual Report.--Not later than 5 days after the budget of the 
President for a fiscal year is submitted to Congress under section 1105 
of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary of the Army, in 
coordination with the Director of the Defense Logistics Agency, shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of
[[Page 131 STAT. 1366]]
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report specifying 
additional excess firearms, related spare parts and components, small 
arms ammunition, and ammunition components designated as no longer 
actively issued for military service and that are otherwise prohibited 
from commercial sale, or distribution, under Federal law. The Secretary 
of the Army shall designate these items to either be added to the 
transfer list for the purposes described under subsection (b) or the 
list of items exempted under subsection (c). The report may not include 
the redesignation or change in status of items previously designated for 
transfer or exemption pursuant to subsections (a) or (c).
(e) Actions Pursuant to Annual Report.--The Secretary of the Army 
may not take any action to transfer items designated in the report 
submitted under subsection (d) until the date of the enactment of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for the fiscal year following the 
year such report is submitted. Upon enactment of such Act, the Secretary 
shall transfer or exempt the items so designated.
SEC. 349. DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY MARKSMANSHIP AWARDS.
Section 40728 of title 36, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
``(i) Authorized Navy Transfers.--(1) Notwithstanding subsections 
(a) and (b), the Secretary of the Navy may transfer to the corporation, 
in accordance with the procedures prescribed in this subchapter, M-1 
Garand and caliber .22 rimfire rifles held within the inventories of the 
United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps and stored at 
Defense Distribution Depot, Anniston, Alabama, or Naval Surface Warfare 
Center, Crane, Indiana, as of the date of the enactment of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018.
``(2) The items specified for transfer under paragraph (1)--
``(A) shall be used as awards for competitors in 
marksmanship competitions held by the United States Marine Corps 
or the United States Navy and may not be resold; and
``(B) shall be rendered inoperable prior to award and 
transfer to marksmanship competitors.''.
SEC. 350. CIVILIAN TRAINING FOR NATIONAL GUARD PILOTS AND SENSOR 
OPERATOR AIRCREWS OF MQ-9 UNMANNED AERIAL 
VEHICLES.
(a) Contracts for Training.--Subject to subsection (c), the 
Secretary of the Air Force may enter into one or more contracts with 
appropriate civilian entities in order to provide flying or operating 
training for Air National Guard pilots and sensor operator aircrew 
members in the MQ-9 unmanned aerial vehicle if the Secretary of the Air 
Force determines that--
(1) Air Force training units lack sufficient capacity to 
train such pilots or sensor operator aircrew members for initial 
qualification in the MQ-9 unmanned aerial vehicle;
(2) pilots or sensor operator aircrew members of Air 
National Guard units require continuation training in order to 
remain current and qualified in the MQ-9 unmanned aerial 
vehicle;
(3) non-combat continuation training in the MQ-9 unmanned 
aerial vehicle is necessary for such pilots or sensor operator 
aircrew members to achieve required levels of flying or 
operating proficiency; and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1367]]
(4) such training for such pilots or sensor operator aircrew 
members is necessary in order to meet requirements for the Air 
National Guard to provide pilots and sensor operator aircrew 
members qualified in the MQ-9 unmanned aerial vehicle for 
operations on active duty and in State status.
(b) Nature of Training Under Contracts.--Any training provided 
pursuant to a contract under subsection (a) shall incorporate a level of 
instruction that is equivalent to the instruction in the MQ-9 unmanned 
aerial vehicle provided to pilots and sensor operator aircrew members at 
Air Force training units, as determined by the Secretary of the Air 
Force.
(c) Authority Contingent on Certification and Notice and Wait 
Period.--The Secretary of the Air Force may not use the authority in 
subsection (a) unless and until the Secretary of the Air Force certifies 
to the congressional defense committees in writing, 90 days in advance 
of executing such authority provided in subsection (a), that the use of 
the authority is necessary to provide required flying or operating 
training for Air National Guard pilots and sensor operator aircrew 
members in the MQ-9 unmanned aerial vehicle.
SEC. 351. <>  TRAINING FOR NATIONAL GUARD 
PERSONNEL ON WILDFIRE RESPONSE.
The Secretary of the Army and the Secretary of the Air Force may, in 
consultation with the Chief of the National Guard Bureau, provide 
support for training of appropriate personnel of the National Guard on 
wildfire response and prevention, with preference given to military 
installations with the highest wildfire suppression need.
SEC. 352. <>  MODIFICATION OF THE SECOND 
DIVISION MEMORIAL.
(a) Authorization.--The Second Indianhead Division Association, 
Inc., Scholarship and Memorials Foundation, an organization described in 
section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from 
taxation under section 501(a) of that Code, may place additional 
commemorative elements or engravings on the raised platform or stone 
work of the existing Second Division Memorial located in President's 
Park, between 17th Street Northwest and Constitution Avenue in the 
District of Columbia, to further honor the members of the Second 
Infantry Division who have given their lives in service to the United 
States.
(b) Application of Commemorative Works Act.--Chapter 89 of title 40, 
United States Code (commonly known as the ``Commemorative Works Act''), 
shall apply to the design and placement of the commemorative elements or 
engravings authorized under subsection (a).
(c) Funding.--Federal funds may not be used for modifications of the 
Second Division Memorial authorized under subsection (a).
TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS
Subtitle A--Active Forces
Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
levels.
Subtitle B--Reserve Forces
Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1368]]
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Fiscal year 2018 limitation on number of non-dual status 
technicians.
Sec. 415. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
duty for operational support.
Sec. 416. Number of members of the National Guard on full-time duty in 
support of the reserves within the National Guard Bureau.
Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations
Sec. 421. Military personnel.
Subtitle A--Active Forces
SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.
The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 2018, as follows:
(1) The Army, 483,500.
(2) The Navy, 327,900.
(3) The Marine Corps, 186,000.
(4) The Air Force, 325,100.
SEC. 402. REVISIONS IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH MINIMUM 
LEVELS.
Section 691(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting the following new 
paragraphs:
``(1) For the Army, 483,500.
``(2) For the Navy, 327,900.
``(3) For the Marine Corps, 186,000.
``(4) For the Air Force, 325,100.''.
Subtitle B--Reserve Forces
SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.
(a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 30, 
2018, as follows:
(1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 343,500.
(2) The Army Reserve, 199,500.
(3) The Navy Reserve, 59,000.
(4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
(5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 106,600.
(6) The Air Force Reserve, 69,800.
(7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
(b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed by 
subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall 
be proportionately reduced by--
(1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component which 
are on active duty (other than for training) at the end of the 
fiscal year; and
(2) the total number of individual members not in units 
organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
component who are on active duty (other than for training or for 
unsatisfactory participation in training) without their consent 
at the end of the fiscal year.
(c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual members of 
the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are
[[Page 131 STAT. 1369]]
released from active duty during any fiscal year, the end strength 
prescribed for such fiscal year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve 
component shall be increased proportionately by the total authorized 
strengths of such units and by the total number of such individual 
members.
SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF 
THE RESERVES.
Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 2018, 
the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time active duty 
or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National Guard, for the 
purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or 
training the reserve components:
(1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,155.
(2) The Army Reserve, 16,261.
(3) The Navy Reserve, 10,101.
(4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,261.
(5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,260.
(6) The Air Force Reserve, 3,588.
SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).
The minimum number of military technicians (dual status) as of the 
last day of fiscal year 2018 for the reserve components of the Army and 
the Air Force (notwithstanding section 129 of title 10, United States 
Code) shall be the following:
(1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
22,294.
(2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.
(3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 19,135.
(4) For the Air Force Reserve, 8,880.
SEC. 414. FISCAL YEAR 2018 LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF NON-DUAL STATUS 
TECHNICIANS.
(a) Limitations.--
(1) National guard.--The number of non-dual status 
technicians employed by the National Guard as of September 30, 
2018, may not exceed the following:
(A) For the Army National Guard of the United 
States, 0.
(B) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 
0.
(2) Army reserve.--The number of non-dual status technicians 
employed by the Army Reserve as of September 30, 2018, may not 
exceed 0.
(3) Air force reserve.--The number of non-dual status 
technicians employed by the Air Force Reserve as of September 
30, 2018, may not exceed 0.
(b) Non-dual Status Technicians Defined.--In this section, the term 
``non-dual status technician'' has the meaning given that term in 
section 10217(a) of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 415. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.
During fiscal year 2018, the maximum number of members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving
[[Page 131 STAT. 1370]]
at any time on full-time operational support duty under section 115(b) 
of title 10, United States Code, is the following:
(1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
(2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
(3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
(4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
(5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
(6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.
SEC. 416. <>  NUMBER OF MEMBERS OF THE 
NATIONAL GUARD ON FULL-TIME DUTY IN 
SUPPORT OF THE RESERVES WITHIN THE 
NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU.
(a) Army National Guard of the United States.--As of the end of 
fiscal year 2019, and as of the end of each fiscal year thereafter, the 
number of members of the Army National Guard of the United States 
serving with the National Guard Bureau on full-time duty for the purpose 
of organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or training the 
reserve components may not exceed the number equal to six percent of the 
total number of members of the Army National Guard of the United States 
authorized for service on full-time duty for that purpose in that fiscal 
year.
(b) Air National Guard of the United States.--As of the end of 
fiscal year 2019, and as of the end of each fiscal year thereafter, the 
number of members of the Air National Guard of the United States serving 
with the National Guard Bureau on full-time duty for the purpose of 
organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or training the 
reserve components may not exceed the number equal to six percent of the 
total number of members of the Air National Guard of the United States 
authorized for service on full-time duty for that purpose in that fiscal 
year.
Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations
SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.
(a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized to 
be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 for the use of the Armed Forces and 
other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for expenses, 
not otherwise provided for, for military personnel, as specified in the 
funding table in section 4401.
(b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other authorization of 
appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for fiscal year 
2018.
TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY
Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy
Sec. 501. Modification of deadline for submittal by officers of written 
communications to promotion selection boards on matters of 
importance to their selection.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1371]]
Sec. 502. Clarification to exception for removal of officers from list 
of officers recommended for promotion after 18 months without 
appointment.
Sec. 503. Modification of requirement for specification of number of 
officers who may be recommended for early retirement by a 
Selective Early Retirement Board.
Sec. 504. Extension of service-in-grade waiver authority for voluntary 
retirement of certain general and flag officers for purposes 
of enhanced flexibility in officer personnel management.
Sec. 505. Inclusion of Principal Military Deputy to the Assistant 
Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Technology, and 
Logistics among officers subject to repeal of statutory 
specification of general officer grade.
Sec. 506. Clarification of effect of repeal of statutory specification 
of general or flag officer grade for various positions in the 
Armed Forces.
Sec. 507. Standardization of authorities in connection with repeal of 
statutory specification of general officer grade for the Dean 
of the Academic Board of the United States Military Academy 
and the Dean of the Faculty of the United States Air Force 
Academy.
Sec. 508. Flexibility in promotion of officers to positions of Staff 
Judge Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine Corps and 
Deputy Judge Advocate General of the Navy or Air Force.
Sec. 509. Grandfathering of retired grade of Assistant Judge Advocates 
General of the Navy as of repeal of statutory specification 
of general and flag officers grades in the Armed Forces.
Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management
Sec. 511. Equal treatment of orders to serve on active duty under 
sections 12304a and 12304b of title 10, United States Code.
Sec. 512. Service credit for cyberspace experience or advanced education 
upon original appointment as a commissioned officer.
Sec. 513. Consolidation of authorities to order members of the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces to perform duty.
Sec. 514. Pilot program on use of retired senior enlisted members of the 
Army National Guard as Army National Guard recruiters.
Subtitle C--General Service Authorities
Part I--Matters Relating to Discharge and Correction of Military Records
Sec. 520. Consideration of additional medical evidence by Boards for the 
Correction of Military Records and liberal consideration of 
evidence relating to post-traumatic stress disorder or 
traumatic brain injury.
Sec. 521. Public availability of information related to disposition of 
claims regarding discharge or release of members of the Armed 
Forces when the claims involve sexual assault.
Sec. 522. Confidential review of characterization of terms of discharge 
of members who are victims of sex-related offenses.
Sec. 523. Training requirements for members of boards for the correction 
of military records and personnel who investigate claims of 
retaliation.
Sec. 524. Pilot program on use of video teleconferencing technology by 
boards for the correction of military records and discharge 
review boards.
Part II--Other General Service Authorities
Sec. 526. Modification of basis for extension of period for enlistment 
in the Armed Forces under the Delayed Entry Program.
Sec. 527. Reauthorization of authority to order retired members to 
active duty in high-demand, low-density assignments.
Sec. 528. Notification of members of the Armed Forces undergoing certain 
administrative separations of potential eligibility for 
veterans benefits.
Sec. 529. Extension of authority of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to 
provide for the conduct of medical disability examinations by 
contract physicians.
Sec. 530. Provision of information on naturalization through military 
service.
Subtitle D--Military Justice and Other Legal Issues
Sec. 531. Clarifying amendments related to the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice reform by the Military Justice Act of 2016.
Sec. 532. Enhancement of effective prosecution and defense in courts-
martial and related matters.
Sec. 533. Punitive article under the Uniform Code of Military Justice on 
wrongful broadcast or distribution of intimate visual images 
or visual images of sexually explicit conduct.
Sec. 534. Garnishment to satisfy judgment rendered for physically, 
sexually, or emotionally abusing a child.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1372]]
Sec. 535. Sexual assault prevention and response training for all 
individuals enlisted in the Armed Forces under a delayed 
entry program.
Sec. 536. Special Victims' Counsel training regarding the unique 
challenges often faced by male victims of sexual assault.
Sec. 537. Inclusion of information in annual SAPRO reports regarding 
military sexual harassment and incidents involving 
nonconsensual distribution of private sexual images.
Sec. 538. Inclusion of information in annual SAPRO reports regarding 
sexual assaults committed by a member of the Armed Forces 
against the member's spouse or other family member.
Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and Transition
Sec. 541. Element in preseparation counseling for members of the Armed 
Forces on assistance and support services for caregivers of 
certain veterans through the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 542. Improved employment assistance for members of the Army, Navy, 
Air Force, and Marine Corps and veterans.
Sec. 543. Limitation on release of military service academy graduates to 
participate in professional athletics.
Sec. 544. Two-year extension of suicide prevention and resilience 
program for the National Guard and Reserves.
Sec. 545. Annual certifications related to Ready, Relevant Learning 
initiative of the Navy.
Sec. 546. Authority to expand eligibility for the United States Military 
Apprenticeship Program.
Sec. 547. Limitation on availability of funds for attendance of Air 
Force enlisted personnel at Air Force officer professional 
military education in-residence courses.
Sec. 548. Lieutenant Henry Ossian Flipper Leadership Scholarships.
Sec. 549. Pilot programs on appointment in the excepted service in the 
Department of Defense of physically disqualified former 
cadets and midshipmen.
Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
Matters
Part I--Defense Dependents' Education Matters
Sec. 551. Assistance to schools with military dependent students.
Sec. 552. Transitions of military dependent students from Department of 
Defense dependent schools to other schools and among schools 
of local educational agencies.
Sec. 553. Report on educational opportunities in science, technology, 
engineering, and mathematics for children who are dependents 
of members of the Armed Forces.
Part II--Military Family Readiness Matters
Sec. 555. Codification of authority to conduct family support programs 
for immediate family members of members of the Armed Forces 
assigned to special operations forces.
Sec. 556. Reimbursement for State licensure and certification costs of a 
spouse of a member of the Armed Forces arising from 
relocation to another State.
Sec. 557. Temporary extension of extended period of protections for 
members of uniformed services relating to mortgages, mortgage 
foreclosure, and eviction.
Sec. 558. Enhancing military childcare programs and activities of the 
Department of Defense.
Sec. 559. Direct hire authority for Department of Defense for childcare 
services providers for Department child development centers.
Sec. 560. Pilot program on public-private partnerships for telework 
facilities for military spouses on military installations 
outside the United States.
Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards
Sec. 561. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to Garlin M. 
Conner for acts of valor during World War II.
Sec. 562. Authorization for award of Distinguished-Service Cross to 
Specialist Frank M. Crary for acts of valor in Vietnam.
Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Reporting Requirements
Sec. 571. Analysis and report on accompanied and unaccompanied tours of 
duty in remote locations with high family support costs.
Sec. 572. Review and reports on policies for regular and reserve officer 
career management.
Sec. 573. Review and report on effects of personnel requirements and 
limitations on the availability of members of the National 
Guard for the performance of funeral honors duty for 
veterans.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1373]]
Sec. 574. Review and report on authorities for the employment, use, and 
status of National Guard and Reserve technicians.
Sec. 575. Assessment and report on expanding and contracting for 
childcare services of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 576. Review and report on compensation provided childcare services 
providers of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 577. Comptroller General of the United States assessment and report 
on the Office of Complex Investigations within the National 
Guard Bureau.
Sec. 578. Modification of submittal date of Comptroller General of the 
United States report on integrity of the Department of 
Defense whistleblower program.
Subtitle I--Other Matters
Sec. 581. Expansion of United States Air Force Institute of Technology 
enrollment authority to include civilian employees of the 
homeland security industry.
Sec. 582. Conditional designation of Explosive Ordnance Disposal Corps 
as a basic branch of the Army.
Sec. 583. Designation of office within Office of the Secretary of 
Defense to oversee use of food assistance programs by members 
of the Armed Forces on active duty.
Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy
SEC. 501. MODIFICATION OF DEADLINE FOR SUBMITTAL BY OFFICERS OF 
WRITTEN COMMUNICATIONS TO PROMOTION 
SELECTION BOARDS ON MATTERS OF IMPORTANCE 
TO THEIR SELECTION.
(a) Officers on Active-duty List.--Section 614(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``the day'' and inserting 
``10 calendar days''.
(b) Officers in Reserve Active-status.--Section 14106 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended in the second sentence by striking ``the 
day'' and inserting ``10 calendar days''.
(c) <>  Application of Amendments.--The 
amendments made by this section shall apply with respect to promotion 
selection boards convened on or after the date of the enactment of this 
Act.
SEC. 502. CLARIFICATION TO EXCEPTION FOR REMOVAL OF OFFICERS FROM 
LIST OF OFFICERS RECOMMENDED FOR PROMOTION 
AFTER 18 MONTHS WITHOUT APPOINTMENT.
Section 629(c)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``the Senate is not able to obtain the information necessary'' 
and inserting ``the military department concerned is not able to obtain 
and provide to the Senate the information the Senate requires''.
SEC. 503. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENT FOR SPECIFICATION OF NUMBER 
OF OFFICERS WHO MAY BE RECOMMENDED FOR 
EARLY RETIREMENT BY A SELECTIVE EARLY 
RETIREMENT BOARD.
Section 638a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) in subsection (c), by striking paragraph (1) and 
inserting the following new paragraph:
``(1) In the case of an action under subsection (b)(2), the total 
number of officers described in that subsection that a selection board 
convened under section 611(b) of this title pursuant to the authority of 
that subsection may recommend for early retirement may not be more than 
30 percent of the number of officers considered in each grade in each 
competitive category.''; and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1374]]
(2) in subsection (d), by striking paragraph (2) and 
inserting the following new paragraph:
``(2) The total number of officers to be recommended for discharge 
by a selection board convened pursuant to subsection (b)(3) may not be 
more than 30 percent of the number of officers considered.''.
SEC. 504. EXTENSION OF SERVICE-IN-GRADE WAIVER AUTHORITY FOR 
VOLUNTARY RETIREMENT OF CERTAIN GENERAL 
AND FLAG OFFICERS FOR PURPOSES OF ENHANCED 
FLEXIBILITY IN OFFICER PERSONNEL 
MANAGEMENT.
Section 1370(a)(2)(G) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``2017'' and inserting ``2025''.
SEC. 505. INCLUSION OF PRINCIPAL MILITARY DEPUTY TO THE ASSISTANT 
SECRETARY OF THE ARMY FOR ACQUISITION, 
TECHNOLOGY, AND LOGISTICS AMONG OFFICERS 
SUBJECT TO REPEAL OF STATUTORY 
SPECIFICATION OF GENERAL OFFICER GRADE.
Section 3016(b)(5)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``a lieutenant general'' and inserting ``an officer''.
SEC. 506. CLARIFICATION OF EFFECT OF REPEAL OF STATUTORY 
SPECIFICATION OF GENERAL OR FLAG OFFICER 
GRADE FOR VARIOUS POSITIONS IN THE ARMED 
FORCES.
(a) Retention of Grade of Incumbents in Positions on Effective 
Date.--
(1) In general.--Section 502 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2102) <>  is amended by adding at 
the end the following new subsection:
``(tt) Retention of Grade of Incumbents in Positions on Effective 
Date.--The grade of service of an officer serving as of the date of the 
enactment of this Act in a position whose statutory grade is affected by 
an amendment made by this section may not be reduced after that date by 
reason of such amendment as long as the officer remains in continuous 
service in such position after that date.''.
(2) <>  Retroactive effective 
date.--The amendment made by paragraph (1) shall take effect as 
of December 23, 2016, and be treated as if included in the 
enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328).
(b) Clarifying Amendment to Chief of Veterinary Corps of the Army 
Repeal.--Section 3084 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking the last sentence.
SEC. 507. STANDARDIZATION OF AUTHORITIES IN CONNECTION WITH REPEAL 
OF STATUTORY SPECIFICATION OF GENERAL 
OFFICER GRADE FOR THE DEAN OF THE ACADEMIC 
BOARD OF THE UNITED STATES MILITARY 
ACADEMY AND THE DEAN OF THE FACULTY OF THE 
UNITED STATES AIR FORCE ACADEMY.
(a) Dean of Academic Board of Military Academy.--Section 4335(c) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by striking the first and third sentences; and
(2) in the remaining sentence, by striking ``so appointed'' 
and inserting ``appointed as Dean of the Academic Board''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1375]]
(b) Dean of Faculty of Air Force Academy.--Section 9335(b) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``so appointed'' and 
inserting ``appointed as Dean of the Faculty''.
SEC. 508. FLEXIBILITY IN PROMOTION OF OFFICERS TO POSITIONS OF 
STAFF JUDGE ADVOCATE TO THE COMMANDANT OF 
THE MARINE CORPS AND DEPUTY JUDGE ADVOCATE 
GENERAL OF THE NAVY OR AIR FORCE.
(a) Staff Judge Advocate to Commandant of the Marine Corps.--Section 
5046(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(b)''; and
(2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
``(2) If the Secretary of the Navy elects to convene a selection 
board under section 611(a) of this title to consider eligible officers 
for selection to appointment as Staff Judge Advocate, the Secretary may, 
in connection with such consideration for selection--
``(A) treat any section in chapter 36 of this title 
referring to promotion to the next higher grade as if such 
section referred to promotion to a higher grade; and
``(B) waive section 619(a)(2) of this title if the Secretary 
determines that the needs of the Marine Corps require the 
waiver.''.
(b) Deputy Judge Advocate General of the Navy.--Section 5149(a) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
``(3) If the Secretary of the Navy elects to convene a selection 
board under section 611(a) of this title to consider eligible officers 
for selection to appointment as Deputy Judge Advocate General, the 
Secretary may, in connection with such consideration for selection--
``(A) treat any section in chapter 36 of this title 
referring to promotion to the next higher grade as if such 
section referred to promotion to a higher grade; and
``(B) waive section 619(a)(2) of this title if the Secretary 
determines that the needs of the Navy require the waiver.''.
(c) Deputy Judge Advocate of the Air Force.--Section 8037(e) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(e)''; and
(2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
``(2) If the Secretary of the Air Force elects to convene a 
selection board under section 611(a) of this title to consider eligible 
officers for selection to appointment as Deputy Judge Advocate General, 
the Secretary may, in connection with such consideration for selection--
``(A) treat any section in chapter 36 of this title 
referring to promotion to the next higher grade as if such 
section referred to promotion to a higher grade; and
``(B) waive section 619(a)(2) of this title if the Secretary 
determines that the needs of the Air Force require the 
waiver.''.
SEC. 509. <>  GRANDFATHERING OF RETIRED 
GRADE OF ASSISTANT JUDGE ADVOCATES GENERAL 
OF THE NAVY AS OF REPEAL OF STATUTORY 
SPECIFICATION OF GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICERS 
GRADES IN THE ARMED FORCES.
(a) In General.--Notwithstanding the amendments made by section 
502(gg)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2105), an officer
[[Page 131 STAT. 1376]]
selected to hold a position specified in subsection (b) as of December 
23, 2016, may be retired after that date in the grade of rear admiral 
(lower half) or brigadier general, as applicable, with the retired pay 
of such grade (unless entitled to higher pay under another provision of 
law).
(b) Specified Positions.--Subsection (a) applies with respect to the 
Assistant Judge Advocates General of the Navy provided for by 
subsections (b) and (c) of section 5149 of title 10, United States Code.
Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management
SEC. 511. EQUAL TREATMENT OF ORDERS TO SERVE ON ACTIVE DUTY UNDER 
SECTIONS 12304A AND 12304B OF TITLE 10, 
UNITED STATES CODE.
(a) Eligibility of Reserve Component Members for Pre-mobilization 
Health Care.--Section 1074(d)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``in support of a contingency operation under'' and 
inserting ``under section 12304b of this title or''.
(b) Eligibility of Reserve Component Members for Transitional Health 
Care.--Section 1145(a)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``in support of a contingency operation'' and inserting 
``under section 12304b of this title or a provision of law referred to 
in section 101(a)(13)(B) of this title''.
SEC. 512. SERVICE CREDIT FOR CYBERSPACE EXPERIENCE OR ADVANCED 
EDUCATION UPON ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT AS A 
COMMISSIONED OFFICER.
(a) Original Appointment as a Reserve Officer.--Section 12207 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) in subsection (a)(2), by inserting ``or (e)'' after 
``subsection (b)'';
(2) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsections 
(f) and (g), respectively;
(3) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
subsection (e):
``(e)(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, 
if the Secretary of a military department determines that the number of 
commissioned officers with cyberspace-related experience or advanced 
education in reserve active-status in an armed force under the 
jurisdiction of such Secretary is critically below the number needed, 
such Secretary may credit any person receiving an original appointment 
as a reserve commissioned officer with a period of constructive service 
for the following:
``(A) Special experience or training in a particular 
cyberspace-related field if such experience or training is 
directly related to the operational needs of the armed force 
concerned.
``(B) Any period of advanced education in a cyberspace-
related field beyond the baccalaureate degree level if such 
advanced education is directly related to the operational needs 
of the armed force concerned.
``(2) Constructive service credited an officer under this subsection 
shall not exceed one year for each year of special experience,
[[Page 131 STAT. 1377]]
training, or advanced education, and not more than three years total 
constructive service may be credited.
``(3) Constructive service credited an officer under this subsection 
is in addition to any service credited that officer under subsection (a) 
and shall be credited at the time of the original appointment of the 
officer.
``(4) The authority to award constructive service credit under this 
subsection expires on December 31, 2023.''; and
(4) in subsection (f), as redesignated by paragraph (2), by 
striking ``or (d)'' and inserting ``, (d), or (e)''.
(b) Extension of Authority in Connection With Original Appointment 
of Regular Officers.--Section 533(g)(4) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by striking ``December 31, 2018'' and inserting ``December 
31, 2023''.
SEC. 513. CONSOLIDATION OF AUTHORITIES TO ORDER MEMBERS OF THE 
RESERVE COMPONENTS OF THE ARMED FORCES TO 
PERFORM DUTY.
Section 515 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 810) is amended--
(1) in the second sentence of subsection (b), by striking 
``such legislation as would be necessary to amend titles 10, 14, 
32, and 37 of the United States Code and other provisions of law 
in order to implement the Secretary's approach by October 1, 
2018'' and inserting ``legislation implementing the alternate 
approach by April 30, 2019''; and
(2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
``(c) Attributes of Alternate Approach.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall ensure the alternate approach described in subsection (b)--
``(1) reduces the number of statutory authorities by which 
members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces may be 
ordered to perform duty to not more than 8 statutory authorities 
grouped into 4 duty categories to which specific pay and 
benefits may be aligned, which categories shall include--
``(A) one duty category that shall generally reflect 
active service performed in support of contingency type 
operations or other military actions in support of the 
commander of a combatant command;
``(B) a second duty category that shall--
``(i) generally reflect active service not 
described in subparagraph (A); and
``(ii) consist of training, administration, 
operational support, and full-time support of the 
reserve components;
``(C) a third duty category that shall--
``(i) generally reflect duty performed under 
direct military supervision while not in active 
service; and
``(ii) include duty characterized by partial-
day service; and
``(D) a fourth duty category that shall--
``(i) generally reflect remote duty completed 
while not under direct military supervision; and
``(ii) include completion of correspondence 
courses and telework;
``(2) distinguishes among duty performed under titles 10, 
14, and 32, United States Code, and ensures that the reasons
[[Page 131 STAT. 1378]]
the members of the reserve components are utilized under the 
statutory authorities which exist prior to the alternate 
approach are preserved and can be tracked as separate and 
distinct purposes;
``(3) minimizes, to the maximum extent practicable, 
disruptions in pay and benefits for members, and adheres to the 
principle that a member should receive pay and benefits 
commensurate with the nature and performance of the member's 
duties;
``(4) ensures the Secretary has the flexibility to meet 
emerging requirements and to effectively manage the force; and
``(5) aligns Department of Defense programming and budgeting 
to the types of duty members perform.''.
SEC. 514. <>  PILOT PROGRAM ON USE OF 
RETIRED SENIOR ENLISTED MEMBERS OF THE 
ARMY NATIONAL GUARD AS ARMY NATIONAL GUARD 
RECRUITERS.
(a) Pilot Program Authorized.--The Secretary of the Army may carry 
out a pilot program for the Army National Guard under which retired 
senior enlisted members of the Army National Guard would serve as 
contract recruiters for the Army National Guard.
(b) Objectives of Pilot Program.--The Secretary of the Army shall 
design any pilot program conducted under this section to determine the 
following:
(1) The feasibility and effectiveness of hiring retired 
senior enlisted members of the Army National Guard who have 
retired within the previous two years to serve as recruiters.
(2) The merits of hiring such retired senior enlisted 
members as contractors or as employees of the Department of 
Defense.
(3) The best method of providing a competitive compensation 
package for such retired senior enlisted members.
(4) The merits of requiring such retired senior enlisted 
members to wear a military uniform while performing recruiting 
duties under the pilot program.
(c) Consultation.--In developing a pilot program under this section, 
the Secretary of the Army shall consult with the operators of a previous 
pilot program carried out by the Army involving the use of contract 
recruiters.
(d) Commencement and Duration.--The Secretary of the Army may 
commence a pilot program under this section on or after January 1, 2018, 
and all activities under such a pilot program shall terminate no later 
than December 31, 2020.
(e) Funding Source.--If a pilot program is conducted under this 
section, the Secretary of the Army shall use funds otherwise available 
for the National Guard Bureau to carry out the program.
(f) Reporting Requirement.--If a pilot program is conducted under 
this section, the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a 
report containing an evaluation of the success of the pilot program, 
including the determinations described in subsection (b). The report 
shall be submitted not later than January 1, 2019.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1379]]
Subtitle C--General Service Authorities
PART I--MATTERS RELATING TO DISCHARGE AND CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS
SEC. 520. CONSIDERATION OF ADDITIONAL MEDICAL EVIDENCE BY BOARDS 
FOR THE CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS AND 
LIBERAL CONSIDERATION OF EVIDENCE RELATING 
TO POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER OR 
TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY.
(a) In General.--Section 1552 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
(1) by redesignating subsections (h) and (i) as subsections 
(i) and (j), respectively; and
(2) by inserting after subsection (g) the following new 
subsection (h):
``(h)(1) This subsection applies to a former member of the armed 
forces whose claim under this section for review of a discharge or 
dismissal is based in whole or in part on matters relating to post-
traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury as supporting 
rationale, or as justification for priority consideration, and whose 
post-traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury is related to 
combat or military sexual trauma, as determined by the Secretary 
concerned.
``(2) In the case of a claimant described in paragraph (1), a board 
established under subsection (a)(1) shall--
``(A) review medical evidence of the Secretary of Veterans 
Affairs or a civilian health care provider that is presented by 
the claimant; and
``(B) review the claim with liberal consideration to the 
claimant that post-traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain 
injury potentially contributed to the circumstances resulting in 
the discharge or dismissal or to the original characterization 
of the claimant's discharge or dismissal.''.
(b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1553(d)(3)(A)(ii) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``discharge of a lesser 
characterization'' and inserting ``discharge or dismissal or to the 
original characterization of the member's discharge or dismissal''.
SEC. 521. PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION RELATED TO 
DISPOSITION OF CLAIMS REGARDING DISCHARGE 
OR RELEASE OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
WHEN THE CLAIMS INVOLVE SEXUAL ASSAULT.
(a) Boards for the Correction of Military Records.--Subsection (i) 
of section 1552 of title 10, United States Code, as redesignated by 
section 520(a)(1), is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
``(4) The number and disposition of claims decided during 
the calendar quarter preceding the calendar quarter in which 
such information is made available in which sexual assault is 
alleged to have contributed, whether in whole or in part, to the 
original characterization of the discharge or release of the 
former member.''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1380]]
(b) Discharge Review Boards.--Section 1553(f) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
``(4) The number and disposition of claims decided during 
the calendar quarter preceding the calendar quarter in which 
such information is made available in which sexual assault is 
alleged to have contributed, whether in whole or in part, to the 
original characterization of the discharge or release of the 
former member.''.
(c) Conforming Amendments.--
(1) Boards for the correction of military records.--
Subsection (i) of section 1552 of title 10, United States Code, 
as redesignated by section 520(a)(1) and amended by subsection 
(a), is further amended--
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``claimant'' both 
places it appears and inserting ``former member'';
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``claimant'' and 
inserting ``former member''; and
(C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``claimants'' and 
inserting ``former members''.
(2) Discharge review boards.--Section 1553(f)(2) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``claimant'' and 
inserting ``former member''.
SEC. 522. CONFIDENTIAL REVIEW OF CHARACTERIZATION OF TERMS OF 
DISCHARGE OF MEMBERS WHO ARE VICTIMS OF 
SEX-RELATED OFFENSES.
(a) Codification of Current Confidential Process.--
(1) Codification.--Chapter 79 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting after section 1554a a new section 
1554b consisting of--
(A) a heading as follows:
``Sec. 1554b. <>  Confidential review of 
characterization of terms of discharge of 
members of the armed forces who are victims of 
sex-related offenses''; and
(B) a text consisting of the text of section 547 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2015 (Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 1553 note).
(2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 79 of such title <>  is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 1554a the following new item:
``1554b. Confidential review of characterization of terms of discharge 
of members of the armed forces who are victims of sex-related 
offenses.''.
(3) Conforming repeal.--Section 547 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 10 
U.S.C. 1553 note) is repealed.
(b) Clarification of Applicability to Individuals Who Allege Sex-
related Offenses During Military Service.--Subsection (a) of section 
1554b of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a) of 
this section, is amended by striking ``sex-related offense'' and 
inserting the following: ``sex-related offense, or alleges that the 
individual was the victim of a sex-related offense,''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1381]]
(c) Conforming Amendments.--Section 1554b of title 10, United States 
Code, as added by subsection (a), is further amended--
(1) by striking ``Armed Forces'' each place it appears in 
subsections (a) and (b) and inserting ``armed forces'';
(2) in subsection (a)--
(A) by striking ``boards for the correction of 
military records of the military department concerned'' 
and inserting ``boards of the military department 
concerned established in accordance with this chapter''; 
and
(B) by striking ``such an offense'' and inserting 
``a sex-related offense'';
(3) in subsection (b), striking ``boards for the correction 
of military records'' in the matter preceding paragraph (1) and 
inserting ``boards of the military department concerned 
established in accordance with this chapter''; and
(4) in subsection (d)--
(B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``title 10, United 
States Code'' and inserting ``this title''; and
(C) in paragraphs (2) and (3), by striking ``such 
title'' and inserting ``this title''.
SEC. 523. TRAINING REQUIREMENTS FOR MEMBERS OF BOARDS FOR THE 
CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS AND 
PERSONNEL WHO INVESTIGATE CLAIMS OF 
RETALIATION.
(a) Members of Boards for the Correction of Military Records.--
Section 534(c)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1552 note) is amended by adding 
at the end the following new sentence: ``This curriculum shall also 
address the proper handling of claims in which a sex-related offense is 
alleged to have contributed to the original characterization of the 
discharge or release of the claimant, including guidelines for the 
consideration of evidence substantiating such allegations in accordance 
with the requirements of section 1554b(b) of title 10, United States 
Code, as added by section 522 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2018.''.
(b) Department of Defense Personnel Who Investigate Claims of 
Retaliation.--Section 546(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017 <>  (Public Law 114-328) 
is amended by striking ``section.'' and inserting ``section, including 
guidelines for the consideration of evidence substantiating such 
allegations in accordance with the requirements of section 1554b(b) of 
title 10, United States Code, as added by section 522 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018.''.
SEC. 524. <>  PILOT PROGRAM ON USE OF 
VIDEO TELECONFERENCING TECHNOLOGY BY 
BOARDS FOR THE CORRECTION OF MILITARY 
RECORDS AND DISCHARGE REVIEW BOARDS.
(a) Pilot Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense may carry 
out a pilot program under which boards for the correction of military 
records established under section 1552 of title 10, United States Code, 
and discharge review boards established under section 1553 of such title 
are authorized to utilize, in the performance of their duties, video 
teleconferencing technology, to the extent such technology is reasonably 
available and technically feasible.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1382]]
(b) Purpose.--The purpose of the pilot program is to evaluate the 
feasibility and cost-effectiveness of utilizing video teleconferencing 
technology to allow persons who raise a claim before a board for the 
correction of military records, persons who request a review by a 
discharge review board, and witnesses who present evidence to such a 
board to appear before such a board without being physically present.
(c) Implementation.--As part of the pilot program, the Secretary of 
Defense shall make funds available to develop the capabilities of boards 
for the correction of military records and discharge review boards to 
effectively use video teleconferencing technology.
(d) No Expansion of Eligibility.--Nothing in the pilot program is 
intended to alter the eligibility criteria of persons who may raise a 
claim before a board for the correction of military records, request a 
review by a discharge review board, or present evidence to such a board.
(e) Termination.--The authority of the Secretary of Defense to carry 
out the pilot program shall terminate on December 31, 2020.
PART II--OTHER GENERAL SERVICE AUTHORITIES
SEC. 526. MODIFICATION OF BASIS FOR EXTENSION OF PERIOD FOR 
ENLISTMENT IN THE ARMED FORCES UNDER THE 
DELAYED ENTRY PROGRAM.
Section 513(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (4) and, in 
such paragraph, by striking ``paragraph (1)'' and inserting 
``this subsection'';
(2) by designating the second sentence of paragraph (1) as 
paragraph (2) and indenting the left margin of such paragraph 
(2) two ems to the right;
(3) in paragraph (2), as so designated, by inserting 
``described in paragraph (1)'' after ``the 365-day period''; and
(4) by inserting after paragraph (2), as so designated, the 
following new paragraph (3):
``(3)(A) The Secretary concerned may extend by up to an additional 
365 days the period of extension under paragraph (2) for a person who 
enlisted before October 1, 2017, under section 504(b)(2) of this title 
if the Secretary determines that the period of extension under this 
paragraph is required for the performance of adequate background and 
security reviews of that person.
``(B) A person whose period of extension under paragraph (2) is 
extended under this paragraph shall undergo all security and suitability 
screening requirements and receive a favorable military security 
suitability determination before entering into service in a regular or 
reserve component. Screening priority shall be given to those persons 
who were enlisted for a military occupational specialty that requires 
specialized language or medical skills that are vital to the national 
interest.
``(C) The authority to make an extension under this paragraph shall 
expire one year after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018. The expiration of such authority 
shall not effect the validity of any extension made in accordance with 
this paragraph on or before that date.''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1383]]
SEC. 527. REAUTHORIZATION OF AUTHORITY TO ORDER RETIRED MEMBERS TO 
ACTIVE DUTY IN HIGH-DEMAND, LOW-DENSITY 
ASSIGNMENTS.
Section 688a(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``after December 31, 2011.'' and inserting ``outside a period 
as follows:
``(1) The period beginning on December 2, 2002, and ending 
on December 31, 2011.
``(2) The period beginning on the date of the enactment of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 and 
ending on December 31, 2022.''.
SEC. 528. <> NOTIFICATION OF MEMBERS OF 
THE ARMED FORCES UNDERGOING CERTAIN 
ADMINISTRATIVE SEPARATIONS OF POTENTIAL 
ELIGIBILITY FOR VETERANS BENEFITS.
(a) Notification Required.--A member of the Armed Forces who 
receives an administrative separation or mandatory discharge under 
conditions other than honorable shall be provided written notification 
that the member may petition the Veterans Benefits Administration of the 
Department of Veterans Affairs to receive, despite the characterization 
of the member's service, certain benefits under the laws administered by 
the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
(b) Deadline for Notification.--Notification under subsection (a) 
shall be provided to a member described in such subsection in 
conjunction with the member's notification of the administrative 
separation or mandatory discharge or as soon thereafter as practicable.
SEC. 529. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY OF VETERANS 
AFFAIRS TO PROVIDE FOR THE CONDUCT OF 
MEDICAL DISABILITY EXAMINATIONS BY 
CONTRACT PHYSICIANS.
Section 704(c) of the Veterans Benefits Act of 2003 (Public Law 108-
183; 38 U.S.C. 5101 note) is amended by striking ``December 31, 2017'' 
and inserting ``December 31, 2018''.
SEC. 530. <> PROVISION OF INFORMATION ON 
NATURALIZATION THROUGH MILITARY SERVICE.
The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that members of the Army, 
Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps who are aliens lawfully admitted to 
the United States for permanent residence are informed of the 
availability of naturalization through service in the Armed Forces under 
section 328 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1439) and 
the process by which to pursue naturalization. The Secretary shall 
ensure that resources are available to assist qualified members of the 
Armed Forces to navigate the application and naturalization process.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1384]]
Subtitle D--Military Justice and Other Legal Issues
SEC. 531. CLARIFYING AMENDMENTS RELATED TO THE UNIFORM CODE OF 
MILITARY JUSTICE REFORM BY THE MILITARY 
JUSTICE ACT OF 2016.
(a) Enforcement of Rights of Victims of Offenses Under UCMJ.--
Section 806b(e)(3) of title 10, United States Code (article 6b(e)(3) of 
the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
(1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)'';
(2) by striking ``President, and, to the extent practicable, 
shall have priority over all other proceedings before the 
court.'' and inserting the following; ``President, subject to 
section 830a of this title (article 30a).''; and
(3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
``(B) To the extent practicable, a petition for a writ of mandamus 
described in this subsection shall have priority over all other 
proceedings before the Court of Criminal Appeals.
``(C) Review of any decision of the Court of Criminal Appeals on a 
petition for a writ of mandamus described in this subsection shall have 
priority in the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces, as determined 
under the rules of the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces.''.
(b) Review of Certain Matters Before Referral of Charges and 
Specifications.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 830a of title 10, United 
States Code (article 30a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as 
added by section 5202 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of 
Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2904), is amended--
(1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting 
``, or otherwise act on,'' after ``to review''; and
(2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
``(D) Pre-referral matters under subsection (c) or (e) of 
section 806b of this title (article 6b).''.
(c) Defense Counsel Assistance in Post-trial Matters for Accused 
Convicted by Court-martial.--Section 838(c)(2) of title 10, United 
States Code (article 38(c)(2) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
is amended by striking ``section 860 of this title (article 60)'' and 
inserting ``section 860, 860a, or 860b of this title (article 60, 60a, 
or 60b)''.
(d) Limitation on Acceptance of Plea Agreements.--Section 853a of 
title 10, United States Code (article 53a of the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice), as added by section 5237 of the Military Justice Act 
of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2917), is amended--
(1) in subsection (b)--
(A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``or'' after the 
semicolon;
(B) in paragraph (3), by striking the period and 
inserting a semicolon; and
(C) by adding at the end the following new 
paragraphs:
``(4) is prohibited by law; or
``(5) is contrary to, or is inconsistent with, a regulation 
prescribed by the President with respect to terms, conditions, 
or other aspects of plea agreements.''; and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1385]]
(2) in subsection (d), by striking ``shall bind the parties 
and the military judge'' and inserting ``shall bind the parties 
and the court-martial''.
(e) Applicability of Standards and Procedures to Sentence Appeal by 
the United States.--Subsection (d)(1) of section 856 of title 10, United 
States Code (article 56 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as 
added by section 5301 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of 
Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2919), is amended--
(1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting 
after ``concerned,'' the following: ``and consistent with 
standards and procedures set forth in regulations prescribed by 
the President,''; and
(2) in subparagraph (B), by inserting before the period at 
the end the following: ``, as determined in accordance with 
standards and procedures prescribed by the President''.
(f) Sentence of Reduction in Enlisted Grade.--
(1) In general.--Subsection (a) of section 858a of title 10, 
United States Code (article 58a of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), as amended by section 5303(1) of the Military Justice 
Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2923), 
is further amended in the matter after paragraph (3) by striking 
``, effective on the date'' and inserting the following: ``, if 
such a reduction is authorized by regulation prescribed by the 
President. The reduction in pay grade shall take effect on the 
date''.
(2) Section heading.--The heading of section 858a of title 
10, United States Code (article 58a of the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice), is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 858a. Art. 58a. Sentences: reduction in enlisted grade''.
(3) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of subchapter VIII of chapter 47 of title 10, United 
States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), <>  is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 858a (article 58a) and inserting the following new item:
``858a. 58a. Sentences: reduction in enlisted grade.''.
(g) Convening Authority Authorities.--Section 858b(b) of title 10, 
United States Code (article 58b(b) of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), is amended in the first sentence by striking ``section 860 of 
this title (article 60)'' and inserting ``section 860a or 860b of this 
title (article 60a or 60b)''.
(h) Appeal by the United States.--Section 862(b) of title 10, United 
States Code (article 62(b) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
amended by striking ``, notwithstanding section 866(c) of this title 
(article 66(c))''.
(i) Rehearing and Sentencing.--Subsection (b) of section 863 of 
title 10, United States Code (article 63 of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), as added by section 5327 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 
(division E of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2929), is amended by 
inserting before the period at the end the following: ``, subject to 
such limitations as the President may prescribe by regulation''.
(j) Courts of Criminal Appeals.--Section 866 of title 10, United 
States Code (article 66 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as 
amended by section 5330 of the Military Justice Act
[[Page 131 STAT. 1386]]
of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2932), is further 
amended--
(1) in subsection (e)(2)(C), by inserting after ``required'' 
the following: ``by regulation prescribed by the President or''; 
and
(2) in subsection (f)(3)--
(A) by inserting ``of Criminal Appeals'' after 
``Court'' the first time it appears; and
(B) by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
``If the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces 
determines that additional proceedings are warranted, 
the Court of Criminal Appeals shall order a hearing or 
other proceeding in accordance with the direction of the 
Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces.''.
(k) Military Justice Review Panel.--Subsection (f) of section 946 of 
title 10, United States Code (article 146 of the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice), as added by section 5521 of the Military Justice Act 
of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2962), is amended--
(1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``fiscal year 2020'' in 
the first sentence and inserting ``fiscal year 2021'';
(2) in paragraph (2), by striking the sentence beginning 
``Not later than'' and inserting the following new sentence: 
``The analysis under this paragraph shall be included in the 
assessment required by paragraph (1).''; and
(3) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following 
new paragraph (5):
``(5) Reports.--With respect to each review and assessment 
under this subsection, the Panel shall submit a report to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives. Each report--
``(A) shall set forth the results of the review and 
assessment concerned, including the findings and 
recommendations of the Panel; and
``(B) shall be submitted not later than December 31 
of the calendar year in which the review and assessment 
is concluded.''.
(l) Transitional Compensation for Dependents of Members Separated 
for Dependent Abuse.--Section 1059(e) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
(1) in paragraph (1)(A)(ii), by striking ``the approval of'' 
and all that follows through ``as approved,'' and inserting 
``entry of judgment under section 860c of this title (article 
60c of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) if the sentence''; 
and
(2) in paragraph (3)(A), by striking ``by a court-martial'' 
the second place it appears and all that follows through 
``include any such punishment,'' and inserting ``for a 
dependent-abuse offense and the conviction is disapproved or is 
otherwise not part of the judgment under section 860c of this 
title (article 60c of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) or 
the punishment is disapproved or is otherwise not part of the 
judgment under such section (article),''.
(m) Benefits for Dependents Who Are Victims of Abuse by Members 
Losing Right to Retired Pay.--Section 1408(h)(10)(A) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``the approval'' and all that 
follows through the end of the subparagraph and inserting ``entry of 
judgment under section
[[Page 131 STAT. 1387]]
860c of this title (article 60c of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice).''.
(n) Treatment of Certain Offenses Pending Execution of Military 
Justice Act of 2016 Amendments.--
(1) Applicability to certain cases.--Section 5542(c)(1) of 
the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-
328; 130 Stat. 2967) <>  is amended by 
inserting after ``shall apply to a case in which'' the 
following: ``a specification alleges the commission, before the 
effective date of such amendments, of one or more offenses or to 
a case in which''.
(2) <>  Child abuse offenses.--With 
respect to offenses committed before the date designated by the 
President under section 5542(a) of the Military Justice Act of 
2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2967), 
subsection (b)(2)(B) of section 843 of title 10, United States 
Code (article 43 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), shall 
be applied as in effect on December 22, 2016.
(3) <>  Fraudulent enlistment or 
appointment offenses.--With respect to the period beginning on 
December 23, 2016, and ending on the day before the date 
designated by the President under section 5542(a) of the 
Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328; 
130 Stat. 2967), in the application of subsection (h) of section 
843 of title 10, United States Code (article 43 of the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice), as added by section 5225(b) of that 
Act (130 Stat. 2909), the reference in such subsection (h) to 
section 904a(1) of title 10, United States Code (article 104a(1) 
of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), shall be deemed to be 
a reference to section 883(1) of title 10, United States Code 
(article 83(1) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
(o) <>  Sentencing in Certain Transitional 
Cases.--
(1) In general.--In any transition-period court-martial, the 
relevant sentencing sections of chapter 47 of title 10, United 
States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), shall be 
applied as follows:
(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the 
relevant sentencing sections shall be applied as if the 
amendments to such sections made by the Military Justice 
Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328) and this 
section had not been enacted.
(B) If the accused so requests, the relevant 
sentencing sections shall be applied as amended by the 
Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 
114-328) and this section.
(2) Definitions.--In this subsection:
(A) Transition-period court-martial.--The term 
``transition-period court-martial'' means a court-
martial under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code 
(the Uniform Code of Military Justice), that consists of 
both of the following:
(i) A prosecution of one or more offenses 
committed before the date designated by the 
President under section 5542(a) of the Military 
Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-
328; 130 Stat. 2967).
(ii) A prosecution of one or more offenses 
committed on or after that date.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1388]]
(B) Relevant sentencing sections.--The term 
``relevant sentencing sections'' means section 856 of 
title 10, United States Code (article 56 of the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice), and any other sections 
(articles) of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code 
(the Uniform Code of Military Justice), that, by 
regulation prescribed by the President, are designated 
as relevant to sentencing for the purposes of paragraph 
(1).
(p) <>  Effective Date.--The amendments made 
by this section shall take effect immediately after the amendments made 
by the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328) 
take effect as provided for in section 5542 of that Act (130 Stat. 
2967).
SEC. 532. ENHANCEMENT OF EFFECTIVE PROSECUTION AND DEFENSE IN 
COURTS-MARTIAL AND RELATED MATTERS.
(a) Additional Element in Program for Effective Prosecution and 
Defense.--Section 542(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 827 note) is amended 
by inserting before the semicolon the following: ``or there is adequate 
supervision and oversight of trial counsel and defense counsel so 
detailed to ensure effective prosecution and defense in the court-
martial''.
(b) Use of Civilian Employees to Advise Less Experienced Judge 
Advocates in Prosecution and Defense.--Section 542 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 
U.S.C. 827 note) is further amended--
(1) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
(d) and (e), respectively; and
(2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
subsection (c):
``(c) Use of Civilian Employees to Advise Less Experienced Judge 
Advocates in Prosecution and Defense.--The Secretary concerned may use 
highly qualified experts and other civilian employees who are under the 
jurisdiction of the Secretary concerned, are available, and are 
experienced in the prosecution or defense of complex criminal cases to 
provide assistance to, and consult with, less experienced judge 
advocates throughout the court-martial process.''.
(c) Pilot Programs on Professional Developmental Process for Judge 
Advocates.--Subsection (d) of section 542 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 
827 note), as redesignated by subsection (b)(1) of this section, is 
amended--
(1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``establishing'' and all 
that follows and inserting ``a military justice career track for 
judge advocates under the jurisdiction of the Secretary.'';
(2) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
(3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
paragraph (4):
``(4) Elements.--Each pilot program shall include the 
following:
``(A) A military justice career track for judge 
advocates that leads to judge advocates with military 
justice expertise in the grade of colonel, or in the 
grade of captain in the case of judge advocates of the 
Navy.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1389]]
``(B) The use of skill identifiers to identify judge 
advocates for participation in the pilot program from 
among judge advocates having appropriate skill and 
experience in military justice matters.
``(C) Guidance for promotion boards considering the 
selection for promotion of officers participating in the 
pilot program in order to ensure that judge advocates 
who are participating in the pilot program have the same 
opportunity for promotion as all other judge advocate 
officers being considered for promotion by such boards.
``(D) Such other matters as the Secretary concerned 
considers appropriate.''.
SEC. 533. PUNITIVE ARTICLE UNDER THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY 
JUSTICE ON WRONGFUL BROADCAST OR 
DISTRIBUTION OF INTIMATE VISUAL IMAGES OR 
VISUAL IMAGES OF SEXUALLY EXPLICIT 
CONDUCT.
(a) Prohibition.--Subchapter X of chapter 47 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after section 917 (article 117 of 
the Uniform Code of Military Justice) the following new section 
(article):
``Sec. 917a. <>  Art. 117a. Wrongful broadcast 
or distribution of intimate visual images
``(a) Prohibition.--Any person subject to this chapter--
``(1) who knowingly and wrongfully broadcasts or distributes 
an intimate visual image of another person or a visual image of 
sexually explicit conduct involving a person who--
``(A) is at least 18 years of age at the time the 
intimate visual image or visual image of sexually 
explicit conduct was created;
``(B) is identifiable from the intimate visual image 
or visual image of sexually explicit conduct itself, or 
from information displayed in connection with the 
intimate visual image or visual image of sexually 
explicit conduct; and
``(C) does not explicitly consent to the broadcast 
or distribution of the intimate visual image or visual 
image of sexually explicit conduct;
``(2) who knows or reasonably should have known that the 
intimate visual image or visual image of sexually explicit 
conduct was made under circumstances in which the person 
depicted in the intimate visual image or visual image of 
sexually explicit conduct retained a reasonable expectation of 
privacy regarding any broadcast or distribution of the intimate 
visual image or visual image of sexually explicit conduct;
``(3) who knows or reasonably should have known that the 
broadcast or distribution of the intimate visual image or visual 
image of sexually explicit conduct is likely--
``(A) to cause harm, harassment, intimidation, 
emotional distress, or financial loss for the person 
depicted in the intimate visual image or visual image of 
sexually explicit conduct; or
``(B) to harm substantially the depicted person with 
respect to that person's health, safety, business, 
calling, career, financial condition, reputation, or 
personal relationships; and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1390]]
``(4) whose conduct, under the circumstances, had a 
reasonably direct and palpable connection to a military mission 
or military environment,
is guilty of wrongful distribution of intimate visual images or visual 
images of sexually explicit conduct and shall be punished as a court-
martial may direct.
``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
``(1) Broadcast.--The term `broadcast' means to 
electronically transmit a visual image with the intent that it 
be viewed by a person or persons.
``(2) Distribute.--The term `distribute' means to deliver to 
the actual or constructive possession of another person, 
including transmission by mail or electronic means.
``(3) Intimate visual image.--The term `intimate visual 
image' means a visual image that depicts a private area of a 
person.
``(4) Private area.--The term `private area' means the naked 
or underwear-clad genitalia, anus, buttocks, or female areola or 
nipple.
``(5) Reasonable expectation of privacy.--The term 
`reasonable expectation of privacy' means circumstances in which 
a reasonable person would believe that a private area of the 
person, or sexually explicit conduct involving the person, would 
not be visible to the public.
``(6) Sexually explicit conduct.--The term `sexually 
explicit conduct' means actual or simulated genital-genital 
contact, oral-genital contact, anal-genital contact, or oral-
anal contact, whether between persons of the same or opposite 
sex, bestiality, masturbation, or sadistic or masochistic abuse.
``(7) Visual image.--The term `visual image' means the 
following:
``(A) Any developed or undeveloped photograph, 
picture, film, or video.
``(B) Any digital or computer image, picture, film, 
or video made by any means, including those transmitted 
by any means, including streaming media, even if not 
stored in a permanent format.
``(C) Any digital or electronic data capable of 
conversion into a visual image.''.
(b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
subchapter X of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice), <>  is amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 917 (article 117) the 
following new item:
``917a. 117a. Wrongful broadcast or distribution of intimate visual 
images.''.
SEC. 534. GARNISHMENT TO SATISFY JUDGMENT RENDERED FOR PHYSICALLY, 
SEXUALLY, OR EMOTIONALLY ABUSING A CHILD.
(a) Garnishment Authority.--Section 1408 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
``(l) Garnishment To Satisfy a Judgment Rendered for Physically, 
Sexually, or Emotionally Abusing a Child.--(1) Subject to paragraph (2), 
any payment of retired pay that would otherwise be made to a member 
shall be paid (in whole or in part) by the Secretary concerned to 
another person if and to the
[[Page 131 STAT. 1391]]
extent expressly provided for in the terms of a child abuse garnishment 
order.
``(2) A court order providing for the payment of child support or 
alimony or, with respect to a division of property, specifically 
providing for the payment of an amount of the disposable retired pay 
from a member to the spouse or a former spouse of the member, shall be 
given priority over a child abuse garnishment order. The total amount of 
the disposable retired pay of a member payable under a child abuse 
garnishment order shall not exceed 25 percent of the member's disposable 
retired pay.
``(3) In this subsection, the term `court order' includes a child 
abuse garnishment order.
``(4) In this subsection, the term `child abuse garnishment order' 
means a final decree issued by a court that--
``(A) is issued in accordance with the laws of the 
jurisdiction of that court; and
``(B) provides in the nature of garnishment for the 
enforcement of a judgment rendered against the member for 
physically, sexually, or emotionally abusing a child.
``(5) For purposes of this subsection, a judgment rendered for 
physically, sexually, or emotionally abusing a child is any legal claim 
perfected through a final enforceable judgment, which claim is based in 
whole or in part upon the physical, sexual, or emotional abuse of an 
individual under 18 years of age, whether or not that abuse is 
accompanied by other actionable wrongdoing, such as sexual exploitation 
or gross negligence.
``(6) If the Secretary concerned is served with more than one court 
order with respect to the retired pay of a member, the disposable 
retired pay of the member shall be available to satisfy such court 
orders on a first-come, first-served basis, subject to the order of 
precedence specified in paragraph (2), with any such process being 
satisfied out of such monies as remain after the satisfaction of all 
such processes which have been previously served.
``(7) The Secretary concerned shall not be required to vary normal 
pay and disbursement cycles for retired pay in order to comply with a 
child abuse garnishment order.''.
(b) <>  Application of Amendment.--
Subsection (l) of section 1408 of title 10, United States Code, as added 
by subsection (a), shall apply with respect to a court order received by 
the Secretary concerned on or after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, regardless of the date of the court order.
SEC. 535. <>  SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION 
AND RESPONSE TRAINING FOR ALL INDIVIDUALS 
ENLISTED IN THE ARMED FORCES UNDER A 
DELAYED ENTRY PROGRAM.
(a) Training Required.--Commencing not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, each Secretary concerned shall, 
insofar as practicable, provide training on sexual assault prevention 
and response to each individual under the jurisdiction of such Secretary 
who is enlisted in the Armed Forces under a delayed entry program such 
that each such individual completes such training before the date of 
commencement of basic training or initial active duty for training in 
the Armed Forces.
(b) Training Elements.--The training provided pursuant to subsection 
(a)--
(1) shall, to the extent practicable, be uniform across the 
Armed Forces;
[[Page 131 STAT. 1392]]
(2) should be provided through in-person instruction, 
whenever possible;
(3) should include instruction on the proper use of social 
media; and
(4) shall meet such other requirements as the Secretary of 
Defense may establish.
(c) Definitions.--In this section:
(1) The term ``delayed entry program'' means the following:
(A) The Future Soldiers Program of the Army.
(B) The Delayed Entry Program of the Navy and the 
Marine Corps.
(C) The program of the Air Force for the delayed 
entry of enlistees into the Air Force.
(D) The program of the Coast Guard for the delayed 
entry of enlistees into the Coast Guard.
(E) Any successor program to a program referred to 
in subparagraphs (A) through (D).
(2) The term ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given 
that term in section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 536. <>  SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL 
TRAINING REGARDING THE UNIQUE CHALLENGES 
OFTEN FACED BY MALE VICTIMS OF SEXUAL 
ASSAULT.
The baseline Special Victims' Counsel training established under 
section 1044e(d)(2) of title 10, United States Code, shall include 
training for Special Victims' Counsel to recognize and deal with the 
unique challenges often faced by male victims of sexual assault.
SEC. 537. INCLUSION OF INFORMATION IN ANNUAL SAPRO REPORTS 
REGARDING MILITARY SEXUAL HARASSMENT AND 
INCIDENTS INVOLVING NONCONSENSUAL 
DISTRIBUTION OF PRIVATE SEXUAL IMAGES.
(a) Additional Reporting Requirements.--Section 1631(b) of the Ike 
Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public 
Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraphs:
``(13) Information and data collected through formal and 
informal reports of sexual harassment involving members of the 
Armed Forces during the year covered by the report, as follows:
``(A) The number of substantiated and 
unsubstantiated reports.
``(B) A synopsis of each substantiated report.
``(C) The action taken in the case of each 
substantiated report, including the type of disciplinary 
or administrative sanction imposed, if any, such as--
``(i) conviction and sentence by court-
martial;
``(ii) imposition of non-judicial punishment 
under section 815 of title 10, United States Code 
(article 15 of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice); or
``(iii) administrative separation or other 
type of administrative action imposed.
``(14) Information and data collected during the year 
covered by the report on each reported incident involving the 
nonconsensual distribution by a person subject to chapter 47 of 
title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military
[[Page 131 STAT. 1393]]
Justice), of a private sexual image of another person, including 
the following:
``(A) The number of substantiated and 
unsubstantiated reports.
``(B) A synopsis of each substantiated report.
``(C) The action taken in the case of each 
substantiated report, including the type of disciplinary 
or administrative sanction imposed, if any, such as--
``(i) conviction and sentence by court-
martial;
``(ii) imposition of non-judicial punishment 
under section 815 of title 10, United States Code 
(article 15 of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice); or
``(iii) administrative separation or other 
type of administrative action imposed.''.
(b) <>  Application of Amendment.--The 
amendment made by this section shall take effect on the date of the 
enactment of this Act and apply beginning with the reports required to 
be submitted by March 1, 2020, under section 1631 of the Ike Skelton 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-
383; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note).
SEC. 538. <>  INCLUSION OF INFORMATION IN 
ANNUAL SAPRO REPORTS REGARDING SEXUAL 
ASSAULTS COMMITTED BY A MEMBER OF THE 
ARMED FORCES AGAINST THE MEMBER'S SPOUSE 
OR OTHER FAMILY MEMBER.
Beginning with the reports required to be submitted by March 1, 
2019, under section 1631 of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 
1561 note), information regarding a sexual assault committed by a member 
of the Armed Forces against the spouse or intimate partner of the member 
or another dependent of the member shall be included in such reports in 
addition to the annual Family Advocacy Program report. The information 
may be included as an annex to such reports.
Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and Transition
SEC. 541. ELEMENT IN PRESEPARATION COUNSELING FOR MEMBERS OF THE 
ARMED FORCES ON ASSISTANCE AND SUPPORT 
SERVICES FOR CAREGIVERS OF CERTAIN 
VETERANS THROUGH THE DEPARTMENT OF 
VETERANS AFFAIRS.
(a) In General.--Section 1142(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
``(18) A description, developed in consultation with the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs, of the assistance and support 
services for family caregivers of eligible veterans under the 
program conducted by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs pursuant 
to section 1720G of title 38, including the veterans covered by 
the program, the caregivers eligible for assistance and support 
through the program, and the assistance and support available 
through the program.''.
(b) <>  Participation of Potential 
Caregivers in Appropriate Preseparation Counseling.--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1394]]
(1) In general.--In accordance with procedures established 
by the Secretary of Defense, each Secretary of a military 
department shall take appropriate actions to achieve the 
following:
(A) To determine whether each member of the Armed 
Forces under the jurisdiction of such Secretary who is 
undergoing preseparation counseling pursuant to section 
1142 of title 10, United States Code (as amended by 
subsection (a)), and who may require caregiver services 
after separation from the Armed Forces has identified an 
individual to provide such services after the member's 
separation.
(B) In the case of a member described in 
subparagraph (A) who has identified an individual to 
provide caregiver services after the member's 
separation, at the election of the member, to permit 
such individual to participate in appropriate sessions 
of the member's preseparation counseling in order to 
inform such individual of--
(i) the assistance and support services 
available to caregivers of members after 
separation from the Armed Forces; and
(ii) the manner in which the member's 
transition to civilian life after separation may 
likely affect such individual as a caregiver.
(2) Caregivers.--For purposes of this subsection, 
individuals who provide caregiver services refers to individuals 
(including a spouse, partner, parent, sibling, adult child, 
other relative, or friend) who provide physical or emotional 
assistance to former members of the Armed Forces during and 
after their transition from military life to civilian life 
following separation from the Armed Forces.
(3) Deadline for commencement.--Each Secretary of a miliary 
department shall commence the actions required pursuant to this 
subsection by not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
SEC. 542. IMPROVED EMPLOYMENT ASSISTANCE FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMY, 
NAVY, AIR FORCE, AND MARINE CORPS AND 
VETERANS.
(a) Improved Employment Skills Verification.--Section 1143(a) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The Secretary of 
Defense''; and
(2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
``(2) In order to improve the accuracy and completeness of a 
certification or verification of job skills and experience required by 
paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall--
``(A) establish a database to record all training performed 
by members of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps that 
may have application to employment in the civilian sector; and
``(B) make unclassified information regarding such 
information available to States and other potential employers 
referred to in subsection (c) so that State and other entities 
may allow military training to satisfy licensing or 
certification requirements to engage in a civilian 
profession.''.
(b) Improved Accuracy of Certificates of Training and Skills.--
Section 1143(a) of title 10, United States Code, is further
[[Page 131 STAT. 1395]]
amended by inserting after paragraph (2), as added by subsection (a), 
the following new paragraph:
``(3) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that a certification or 
verification of job skills and experience required by paragraph (1) is 
rendered in such a way that States and other potential employers can 
confirm the accuracy and authenticity of the certification or 
verification.''.
(c) Improved Responsiveness to Certification Requests.--Section 
1143(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``For the purpose''; and
(2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
``(2)(A) A State may--
``(i) use a certification or verification of job skills and 
experience provided to a member of the armed forces under 
subsection (a); and
``(ii) in the case of members of the Army, Navy, Air Force, 
and Marine Corps, request the Department of Defense to confirm 
the accuracy and authenticity of the certification or 
verification.
``(B) A response confirming or denying the information shall be 
provided within five business days.''.
(d) Improved Notice to Members.--Section 1142(b)(4)(A) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting before the semicolon the 
following: ``, including State-submitted and approved lists of military 
training and skills that satisfy occupational certifications and 
licenses''.
SEC. 543. LIMITATION ON RELEASE OF MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMY 
GRADUATES TO PARTICIPATE IN PROFESSIONAL 
ATHLETICS.
(a) United States Military Academy.--Section 4348(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
``(5) That the cadet--
``(A) will not seek release from the cadet's 
commissioned service obligation to obtain employment as 
a professional athlete following graduation until the 
cadet completes a period of at least two consecutive 
years of commissioned service; and
``(B) understands that the appointment alternative 
described in paragraph (3) will not be used to allow the 
cadet to obtain such employment until at least the end 
of that two-year period.''.
(b) United States Naval Academy.--Section 6959(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
``(5) That the midshipman--
``(A) will not seek release from the midshipman's 
commissioned service obligation to obtain employment as 
a professional athlete following graduation until the 
midshipman completes a period of at least two 
consecutive years of commissioned service; and
``(B) understands that the appointment alternative 
described in paragraph (3) will not be used to allow the 
midshipman to obtain such employment until at least the 
end of that two-year period.''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1396]]
(c) United States Air Force Academy.--Section 9348(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
``(5) That the cadet--
``(A) will not seek release from the cadet's 
commissioned service obligation to obtain employment as 
a professional athlete following graduation until the 
cadet completes a period of at least two consecutive 
years of commissioned service; and
``(B) understands that the appointment alternative 
described in paragraph (2) will not be used to allow the 
cadet to obtain such employment until at least the end 
of that two-year period.''.
(d) <>  Application of Amendments.--The 
Secretaries of the military departments shall promptly revise the cadet 
and midshipman service agreements under sections 4348, 6959, and 9348 of 
title 10, United States Code, to reflect the amendments made by this 
section. The revised agreement shall apply to cadets and midshipmen who 
are attending the United States Military Academy, the United States 
Naval Academy, or the United States Air Force Academy on the date of the 
enactment of this Act and to persons who begin attendance at such 
military service academies on or after that date.
SEC. 544. TWO-YEAR EXTENSION OF SUICIDE PREVENTION AND RESILIENCE 
PROGRAM FOR THE NATIONAL GUARD AND 
RESERVES.
Section 10219(g) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``October 1, 2018'' and inserting ``October 1, 2020''.
SEC. 545. <>  ANNUAL CERTIFICATIONS 
RELATED TO READY, RELEVANT LEARNING 
INITIATIVE OF THE NAVY.
(a) Annual Certifications Required.--Not later than March 1, 2018, 
and each year thereafter, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a certification on the status of implementation of the 
Ready, Relevant Learning initiative of the Navy for each applicable 
enlisted rating.
(b) Elements.--Each certification under subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
(1) A certification by the Commander of the United States 
Fleet Forces Command that the block learning and modernized 
delivery methods of the Ready, Relevant Learning initiative to 
be implemented during the fiscal year beginning in which such 
certification is submitted will meet or exceed the existing 
training delivery approach for all associated training 
requirements.
(2) A certification by the Secretary of the Navy that the 
content re-engineering necessary to meet all training objectives 
and transition from the traditional training curriculum to the 
modernized delivery format to be implemented during such fiscal 
year will be complete prior to such transition, including full 
functionality of all required course software and hardware.
(3) A detailed cost estimate of transitioning to the block 
learning and modernized delivery approaches to be implemented 
during such fiscal year with funding listed by purpose, amount, 
appropriations account, budget program element or line item, and 
end strength adjustments.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1397]]
(4) A detailed phasing plan associated with transitioning to 
the block learning and modernized delivery approaches to be 
implemented during such fiscal year, including the current 
status, timing, and identification of reductions in ``A'' school 
and ``C'' school courses, curricula, funding, and personnel.
(5) A certification by the Secretary of the Navy that--
(A) the contracting strategy associated with 
transitioning to the modernized delivery approach to be 
implemented during such fiscal year has been completed; 
and
(B) contracting actions contain sufficient 
specification detail to enable a low risk approach to 
receiving the deliverable end item or items on-budget, 
on-schedule, and with satisfactory performance.
SEC. 546. <>  AUTHORITY TO EXPAND 
ELIGIBILITY FOR THE UNITED STATES MILITARY 
APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAM.
(a) Expansion Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense may expand 
eligibility for the United Services Military Apprenticeship Program to 
include any member of the uniformed services.
(b) Definition.--In this section, the term ``uniformed services'' 
has the meaning given such term in section 101(a)(5) of title 10, United 
States Code.
SEC. 547. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR ATTENDANCE OF 
AIR FORCE ENLISTED PERSONNEL AT AIR FORCE 
OFFICER PROFESSIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION 
IN-RESIDENCE COURSES.
(a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated or 
otherwise made available for the Department of the Air Force may be 
obligated or expended for the purpose of the attendance of Air Force 
enlisted personnel at Air Force officer professional military education 
(PME) in-residence courses until the later of--
(1) the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force submits 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives, and to the Comptroller General of the United 
States, a report on the attendance of such personnel at such 
courses as described in subsection (b);
(2) the date on which the Comptroller General submits to 
such committees the report setting forth an assessment of the 
report under paragraph (1) as described in subsection (c); or
(3) 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
(b) Secretary of the Air Force Report.--The report of the Secretary 
described in subsection (a)(1) shall include the following:
(1) The purpose of the attendance of Air Force enlisted 
personnel at Air Force officer professional military education 
in-residence courses.
(2) The objectives for the attendance of such enlisted 
personnel at such officer professional military education 
courses.
(3) The required prerequisites for such enlisted personnel 
to attend such officer professional military education courses.
(4) The process for selecting such enlisted personnel to 
attend such officer professional military education courses.
(5) The impact of the attendance of such enlisted personnel 
at such officer professional military education courses on the
[[Page 131 STAT. 1398]]
availability of officer allocations for the attendance of 
officers at such courses.
(6) The impact of the attendance of such enlisted personnel 
at such officer professional military education courses on the 
morale and retention of officers attending such courses.
(7) The resources required for such enlisted personnel to 
attend such officer professional military education courses.
(8) The impact on unit and overall Air Force manning levels 
of the attendance of such enlisted personnel at such officer 
professional military education courses, especially at the 
statutorily-limited end strengths of grades E-8 and E-9.
(9) The extent to which graduation by such enlisted 
personnel from such officer professional military education 
courses is a requirement for Air Force or joint assignments.
(10) The planned assignment utilization for Air Force 
enlisted graduates of such officer professional military 
education courses.
(11) Any other matters in connection with the attendance of 
such enlisted personnel at such officer professional military 
education courses that the Secretary considers appropriate.
(c) Comptroller General of the United States Report.--
(1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date the 
Secretary submits the report described in subsection (a)(1), the 
Comptroller General shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
briefing on an assessment of the report by the Comptroller 
General. As soon as practicable after the briefing, the 
Comptroller General shall submit to such committees a report on 
such assessment for purposes of subsection (a)(2).
(2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include 
the following:
(A) An assessment of whether the conclusions and 
assertions included in the report of the Secretary under 
subsection (a) are comprehensive, fully supported, and 
sufficiently detailed.
(B) An identification of any shortcomings, 
limitations, or other reportable matters that affect the 
quality of the findings or conclusions of the report of 
the Secretary.
SEC. 548. <>  LIEUTENANT HENRY OSSIAN 
FLIPPER LEADERSHIP SCHOLARSHIPS.
(a) In General.--The Secretary of the Army shall designate a number 
of scholarships under the Army Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
(SROTC) program that are available to students at minority-serving 
institutions as ``Lieutenant Henry Ossian Flipper Leadership 
Scholarships''.
(b) Number Designated.--The number of scholarships designated 
pursuant to subsection (a) shall be the number the Secretary determines 
appropriate to increase the number of Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
Corps scholarships at minority-serving institutions. In making the 
determination, the Secretary shall give appropriate consideration to the 
following:
(1) The number of Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
scholarships available at all institutions participating in the 
Senior Reserve Officer's Training Corps program.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1399]]
(2) The number of such minority-serving institutions that 
offer the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps program to 
their students.
(c) Amount of Scholarship.--The Secretary may increase any 
scholarship designated pursuant to subsection (a) to an amount in excess 
of the amount of the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps program 
scholarship that would otherwise be offered at the minority-serving 
institution concerned if the Secretary considers that a scholarship of 
such increased amount is appropriate for the purpose of the scholarship.
(d) Minority-serving Institution Defined.--In this section, the term 
``minority-serving institution'' means an institution of higher 
education described in section 371(a) of the Higher Education Act of 
1965 (20 U.S.C. 1067q(a)).
SEC. 549. <>  PILOT PROGRAMS ON 
APPOINTMENT IN THE EXCEPTED SERVICE IN THE 
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OF PHYSICALLY 
DISQUALIFIED FORMER CADETS AND MIDSHIPMEN.
(a) Pilot Programs Authorized.--
(1) In general.--Each Secretary of a military department may 
carry out a pilot program under which former cadets or 
midshipmen described in paragraph (2) (in this section referred 
to as ``eligible individuals'') under the jurisdiction of such 
Secretary may be appointed by the Secretary of Defense in the 
excepted service under section 3320 of title 5, United States 
Code, in the Department of Defense.
(2) Cadets and midshipmen.--Except as provided in paragraph 
(3), a former cadet or midshipman described in this paragraph is 
any former cadet at the United States Military Academy or the 
United States Air Force Academy, and any former midshipman at 
the United States Naval Academy, who--
(A) completed the prescribed course of instruction 
and graduated from the applicable service academy; and
(B) is determined to be medically disqualified to 
complete a period of active duty in the Armed Forces 
prescribed in an agreement signed by such cadet or 
midshipman in accordance with section 4348, 6959, or 
9348 of title 10, United States Code.
(3) Exception.--A former cadet or midshipman whose medical 
disqualification as described in paragraph (2)(B) is the result 
of the gross negligence or misconduct of the former cadet or 
midshipman is not an eligible individual for purposes of 
appointment under a pilot program.
(b) Purpose.--The purpose of the pilot programs conducted under this 
section is to evaluate the feasibility and advisability of permitting 
eligible individuals who cannot accept a commission or complete a period 
of active duty in the Armed Forces prescribed by the Secretary of the 
military department concerned to fulfill an obligation for active duty 
service in the Armed Forces through service as a civilian employee of 
the Department of Defense.
(c) Positions.--
(1) In general.--The positions to which an eligible 
individual may be appointed under a pilot program conducted 
under this section are existing positions within the Department 
of Defense in grades up to GS-9 under the General Schedule
[[Page 131 STAT. 1400]]
under section 5332 of title 5, United States Code (or 
equivalent). The authority in subsection (a) does not authorize 
the creation of additional positions, or create any vacancies to 
which eligible individuals may be appointed under a pilot 
program.
(2) Term positions.--Any appointment under a pilot program 
shall be to a position having a term of five years or less.
(d) Scope of Authority.--
(1) Recruitment and retention of eligible individuals.--The 
authority in subsection (a) may be used only to the extent 
necessary to recruit and retain on a non-competitive basis 
cadets and midshipmen who are relieved of an obligation for 
active duty in the Armed Forces due to becoming medically 
disqualified from serving on active duty in the Armed Forces, 
and may not be used to appoint any other individuals in the 
excepted service.
(2) Voluntary acceptance of appointments.--A pilot program 
conducted under this section may not be used as an implicit or 
explicit basis for compelling an eligible individual to accept 
an appointment in the excepted service in accordance with this 
section.
(e) Relationship to Repayment Provisions.--Completion of a term 
appointment pursuant to a pilot program conducted under this section 
shall relieve the eligible individual concerned of any repayment 
obligation under section 303a(e) or 373 of title 37, United States Code, 
with respect to the agreement of the individual described in subsection 
(a)(2)(B).
(f) Termination.--
(1) In general.--The authority to appoint eligible 
individuals in the excepted service under a pilot program 
conducted under this section shall expire on the date that is 
four years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
(2) Effect on existing appointments.--The termination by 
paragraph (1) of the authority in subsection (a) shall not 
affect any appointment made under that authority before the 
termination date specified in paragraph (1) in accordance with 
the terms of such appointment.
(g) Reporting Requirement.--
(1) Report required.--Not later than the date that is three 
years after the date of the enactment of this Act, each 
Secretary of a military department shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report containing an 
evaluation of the effectiveness of the pilot program conducted 
by such Secretary under this section, including the number of 
eligible individuals appointed as civilian employees of the 
Department of Defense under the program and the retention rate 
for such employees.
(2) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--In this 
section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means 
the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Homeland 
Security and Government Affairs of the Senate and the Committee 
on Armed Services and the Committee on Oversight and Government 
Reform of the House of Representatives.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1401]]
Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
Matters
PART I--DEFENSE DEPENDENTS' EDUCATION MATTERS
SEC. 551. ASSISTANCE TO SCHOOLS WITH MILITARY DEPENDENT STUDENTS.
(a) Impact Aid for Children With Severe Disabilities.--
(1) In general.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated 
for fiscal year 2018 pursuant to section 301 and available for 
operation and maintenance for Defense-wide activities as 
specified in the funding table in section 4301, $10,000,000 
shall be available for payments under section 363 of the Floyd 
D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2001 (20 U.S.C. 7703a).
(2) Use of certain amount.--Of the amount available under 
subsection (a) for payments as described in that subsection, 
$5,000,000 shall be available for such payments to local 
educational agencies determined by the Secretary of Defense, in 
the discretion of the Secretary, to have higher concentrations 
of military children with severe disabilities.
(b) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of Military 
Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2018 by section 301 and available for operation and 
maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding 
table in section 4301, $40,000,000 shall be available only for the 
purpose of providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 7703b).
(c) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the term 
``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that term in section 
7013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
7713(9)).
SEC. 552. TRANSITIONS OF MILITARY DEPENDENT STUDENTS FROM 
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENT SCHOOLS TO 
OTHER SCHOOLS AND AMONG SCHOOLS OF LOCAL 
EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.
(a) Permanent Support Authority.--Section 574(c) of the John Warner 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-
364; 20 U.S.C. 7703b note) is amended by striking paragraph (3).
(b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 572(b) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 20 U.S.C. 
7703b note) is amended by striking ``that includes a request for the 
extension of section 574(c) of the John Warner National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 shall include'' and inserting 
``shall include, with respect to section 574(c) of the John Warner 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-
364; 20 U.S.C. 7703b note),''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1402]]
SEC. 553. REPORT ON EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES IN SCIENCE, 
TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS 
FOR CHILDREN WHO ARE DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS 
OF THE ARMED FORCES.
Not later than two years after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report containing a description and assessment of--
(1) current Department of Defense programs intended to 
improve educational opportunities and achievement in science, 
technology, engineering, and mathematics for children who are 
dependents of members of the Armed Forces; and
(2) Department of Defense efforts to increase opportunities 
and achievement in science, technology, engineering, and 
mathematics for children who are dependents of members of the 
Armed Forces.
PART II--MILITARY FAMILY READINESS MATTERS
SEC. 555. CODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO CONDUCT FAMILY SUPPORT 
PROGRAMS FOR IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS OF 
MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES ASSIGNED TO 
SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES.
(a) Codification of Existing Authority.--Chapter 88 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 1788 a new 
section 1788a consisting of--
(1) a heading as follows:
``Sec. 1788a. <>  Family support programs: 
immediate family members of members of special 
operations forces''; and
(2) a text consisting of subsections (a), (b), (d), and (e) 
of section 554 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 1788 note).
(b) Reporting Requirement.--Section 1788a of title 10, United States 
Code, as added by subsection (a) of this section, is further amended--
(1) by redesignating subsection (d), as so added, as 
subsection (c); and
(2) by inserting after such subsection the following new 
subsection (d):
``(d) Annual Report.--
``(1) Report required.--Not later than March 1, 2019, and 
each March 1 thereafter, the Commander, in coordination with the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
describing the progress made in achieving the goals of the 
family support programs conducted under this section.
``(2) Elements of reports.--Each report under this 
subsection shall include the following:
``(A) A detailed description of the programs 
conducted under this section to address family support 
requirements for family members of members of the armed 
forces assigned to special operations forces.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1403]]
``(B) An assessment of the impact of the programs on 
military readiness and on family members of members of 
the armed forces assigned to special operations forces.
``(C) A description of the special operations-
peculiar aspects of the programs and a comparison and 
differentiation of these programs with other programs 
conducted by the Secretaries of the military departments 
to provide family support services to immediate family 
members of members of the armed forces.
``(D) Recommendations for incorporating lessons 
learned into other family support programs.
``(E) Any other matters the Commander considers 
appropriate regarding the programs.''.
(c) Funding.--Subsection (c) of section 1788a of title 10, United 
States Code, as added by subsection (a) of this section and redesignated 
by subsection (b)(1) of this section, is amended by striking 
``specified'' and all that follows through the end of the subsection and 
inserting ``, from funds available for Major Force Program 11, to carry 
out family support programs under this section.''.
(d) Elimination of Pilot Program References and Other Conforming 
Amendments.--Section 1788a of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
subsection (a) of this section, is further amended--
(1) by striking ``Armed Forces'' each place it appears and 
inserting ``armed forces'';
(2) by striking ``pilot'' each place it appears;
(3) in subsection (a)--
(A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
``Pilot''; and
(B) by striking ``up to three'' and all that follows 
through ``providing'' and inserting ``programs to 
provide''; and
(4) in subsection (e)--
(A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``title 10, United 
States Code'' and inserting ``this title''; and
(B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``such title'' and 
inserting ``this title''.
(e) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
subchapter I of chapter 88 of title 10, United States <>  Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 1788 the following new item:
``1788a. Family support programs: immediate family members of members of 
special operations forces.''.
(f) Conforming Repeal.--Section 554 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 
1788 note) is repealed.
SEC. 556. REIMBURSEMENT FOR STATE LICENSURE AND CERTIFICATION 
COSTS OF A SPOUSE OF A MEMBER OF THE ARMED 
FORCES ARISING FROM RELOCATION TO ANOTHER 
STATE.
(a) Reimbursement Authorized.--Section 476 of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
``(p)(1) From amounts otherwise made available for a fiscal year to 
provide travel and transportation allowances under this chapter, the 
Secretary concerned may reimburse a member of the
[[Page 131 STAT. 1404]]
armed forces for qualified relicensing costs of the spouse of the member 
when--
``(A) the member is reassigned, either as a permanent change 
of station or permanent change of assignment, from a duty 
station in one State to a duty station in another State; and
``(B) the movement of the member's dependents is authorized 
at the expense of the United States under this section as part 
of the reassignment.
``(2) Reimbursement provided to a member under this subsection may 
not exceed $500 in connection with each reassignment described in 
paragraph (1).
``(3) Not later than December 31, 2021, the Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the 
Coast Guard, shall submit to the congressional defense committees, the 
Committee on Homeland Security and Government Affairs of the Senate, and 
the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
Representatives a report--
``(A) describing the extent to which the reimbursement 
authority provided by this subsection has been used; and
``(B) containing a recommendation by the Secretaries 
regarding whether the authority should be extended beyond the 
date specified in paragraph (4).
``(4) No reimbursement may be provided under this subsection for 
qualified relicensing costs paid or incurred after December 31, 2022.
``(5) In this subsection, the term `qualified relicensing costs' 
means costs, including exam and registration fees, that--
``(A) are imposed by the State of the new duty station to 
secure a license or certification to engage in the same 
profession that the spouse of the member engaged in while in the 
State of the original duty station; and
``(B) are paid or incurred by the member or spouse to secure 
the license or certification from the State of the new duty 
station after the date on which the orders directing the 
reassignment described in paragraph (1) are issued.''.
(b) Development of Recommendations to Expedite License Portability 
for Military Spouses.--
(1) Consultation with states.--The Secretary of Defense, and 
the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast 
Guard, shall consult with States--
(A) to identify barriers to the portability between 
States of a license, certification, or other grant of 
permission held by the spouse of a member of the Armed 
Forces to engage in an occupation when the spouse moves 
between States as part of a permanent change of station 
or permanent change of assignment of the member; and
(B) to develop recommendations for the Federal 
Government and the States, together or separately, to 
expedite the portability of such licenses, 
certifications, and other grants of permission for 
military spouses.
(2) Specific considerations.--In conducting the consultation 
and preparing the recommendations under paragraph (1), the 
Secretaries shall consider the feasibility of--
(A) States accepting licenses, certifications, and 
other grants of permission described in paragraph (1) 
issued by another State and in good standing in that 
State;
[[Page 131 STAT. 1405]]
(B) the issuance of a temporary license pending 
completion of State-specific requirements; and
(C) the establishment of an expedited review process 
for military spouses.
(3) Report required.--Not later than March 15, 2018, the 
Secretaries shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
committees and the States a report containing the 
recommendations developed under this subsection.
(4) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--In this 
subsection, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
means the congressional defense committees, the Committee on 
Homeland Security and Government Affairs of the Senate, and the 
Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
Representatives.
SEC. 557. TEMPORARY EXTENSION OF EXTENDED PERIOD OF PROTECTIONS 
FOR MEMBERS OF UNIFORMED SERVICES RELATING 
TO MORTGAGES, MORTGAGE FORECLOSURE, AND 
EVICTION.
Section 710(d) of the Honoring America's Veterans and Caring for 
Camp Lejeune Families Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-154; 50 U.S.C. 3953 
note) is amended--
(1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2019''; and
(2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``January 1, 2018'' and 
inserting ``January 1, 2020''.
SEC. 558. <>  ENHANCING MILITARY 
CHILDCARE PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES OF THE 
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
(a) Hours of Operation of Military Childcare Development Centers.--
Each Secretary of a military department shall ensure, to the extent 
practicable, that the hours of operation of each childcare development 
center under the jurisdiction of the Secretary are established and 
maintained in manner that takes into account the demands and 
circumstances of members of the Armed Forces, including members of the 
reserve components, who use such center in facilitation of the 
performance of their military duties.
(b) Matters to Be Taken Into Account.--The demands and circumstances 
to be taken into account under subsection (a) for purposes of setting 
and maintaining the hours of operation of a childcare development center 
shall include the following:
(1) Mission requirements of units whose members use the 
childcare development center.
(2) The unpredictability of work schedules, and fluctuations 
in day-to-day work hours, of such members.
(3) The potential for frequent and prolonged absences of 
such members for training, operations, and deployments.
(4) The location of the childcare development center on the 
military installation concerned, including the location in 
connection with duty locations of members and applicable 
military family housing.
(5) Such other matters as the Secretary of the military 
department concerned considers appropriate for purposes of this 
section.
(c) Childcare Coordinators for Military Installations.--Each 
Secretary of a military department may provide for a childcare 
coordinator at each military installation under the jurisdiction of
[[Page 131 STAT. 1406]]
the Secretary at which are stationed significant numbers of members of 
the Armed Forces with accompanying dependent children, as determined by 
the Secretary. The childcare coordinator may work with the commander of 
the installation to ensure that childcare is available and responsive to 
the needs of members assigned to the installation.
SEC. 559. <>  DIRECT HIRE AUTHORITY FOR 
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FOR CHILDCARE 
SERVICES PROVIDERS FOR DEPARTMENT CHILD 
DEVELOPMENT CENTERS.
(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may appoint, without 
regard to any provision of subchapter I of chapter 33 of title 5, United 
States Code, qualified childcare services providers in the competitive 
service if the Secretary determines that--
(1) there is a critical hiring need for childcare services 
providers for Department of Defense child development centers; 
and
(2) there is a shortage of childcare services providers.
(b) Regulations.--The Secretary shall carry out this section in 
accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary for purposes of 
this section.
(c) Deadline for Implementation.--The Secretary shall prescribe the 
regulations required by subsection (b), and commence implementation of 
subsection (a), by not later than May 1, 2018.
(d) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the end of each of 
fiscal years 2019 and 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall provide a 
briefing to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives, the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate, the 
Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
Representatives, and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
Affairs of the Senate on the use of the appointment authority provided 
by subsection (a).
(e) Childcare Services Provider Defined.--In this section, the term 
``childcare services provider'' means a person who provides childcare 
services for dependent children of members of the Armed Forces and 
civilian employees of the Department of Defense in child development 
centers on Department installations.
(f) Expiration of Authority.--The appointment authority provided by 
subsection (a) expires on September 30, 2021.
SEC. 560. <>  PILOT PROGRAM ON PUBLIC-
PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS FOR TELEWORK 
FACILITIES FOR MILITARY SPOUSES ON 
MILITARY INSTALLATIONS OUTSIDE THE UNITED 
STATES.
(a) In General.--Commencing not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
pilot program to assess the feasability and advisability of providing 
telework facilities for military spouses on military installations 
outside the United States. The Secretary shall consult with the host 
nation or nations concerned in carrying out the pilot program.
(b) Number of Installations.--The Secretary shall carry out the 
pilot program at not less than two military installations outside the 
United States selected by the Secretary for purposes of the pilot 
program.
(c) Duration.--The duration of the pilot program shall be a period 
selected by the Secretary, but not more than three years.
(d) Elements.--The pilot program shall include the following 
elements:
[[Page 131 STAT. 1407]]
(1) The pilot program shall be conducted as one or more 
public-private partnerships between the Department of Defense 
and a private corporation or partnership of private 
corporations.
(2) The corporation or corporations participating in the 
pilot program shall contribute to the carrying out of the pilot 
program an amount equal to the amount committed by the Secretary 
to the pilot program at the time of its commencement.
(3) The Secretary shall enter into one or more memoranda of 
understanding with the corporation or corporations participating 
in the pilot program for purposes of the pilot program, 
including the amounts to be contributed by such corporation or 
corporations pursuant to paragraph (2).
(4) The telework undertaken by military spouses under the 
pilot program may only be for United States companies.
(5) The pilot program shall permit military spouses to 
provide administrative, informational technology, professional, 
and other necessary support to companies through telework from 
Department installations outside the United States.
(e) Funding.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2018 by section 421 and available for military personnel as 
specified in the funding table in section 4401, up to $1,000,000 may be 
available to carry out the pilot program, including entry into memoranda 
of understanding pursuant to subsection (d)(3) and payment by the 
Secretary of the amount committed by the Secretary to the pilot program 
pursuant to subsection (d)(2).
Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards
SEC. 561. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF THE MEDAL OF HONOR TO GARLIN 
M. CONNER FOR ACTS OF VALOR DURING WORLD 
WAR II.
(a) Waiver of Time Limitations.--Notwithstanding the time 
limitations specified in section 3744 of title 10, United States Code, 
or any other time limitation with respect to the awarding of certain 
medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the President may 
award the Medal of Honor under section 3741 of such title to Garlin M. 
Conner for the acts of valor during World War II described in subsection 
(b).
(b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to in 
subsection (a) are the actions of Garlin M. Conner during combat on 
January 24, 1945, as a member of the United States Army in the grade of 
First Lieutenant in France while serving with Company K, 3d Battalion, 
7th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division, for which he was previously 
awarded the Distinguished-Service Cross.
SEC. 562. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF DISTINGUISHED-SERVICE CROSS 
TO SPECIALIST FRANK M. CRARY FOR ACTS OF 
VALOR IN VIETNAM.
(a) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations specified 
in section 3744 of title 10, United States Code, or any other time 
limitation with respect to the awarding of certain medals to persons who 
served in the Armed Forces, the President may award the Distinguished-
Service Cross under section 3742 of such
[[Page 131 STAT. 1408]]
title to Specialist Frank M. Crary for the acts of valor in Vietnam 
described in subsection (b).
(b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to in 
subsection (a) are the actions of Frank M. Crary on April 7, 1966, as a 
member of the Army serving in the grade of Specialist in Vietnam while 
serving with Company D, 1st Battalion (Airborne), 12th Cavalry Regiment, 
1st Cavalry Division.
Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Reporting Requirements
SEC. 571. ANALYSIS AND REPORT ON ACCOMPANIED AND UNACCOMPANIED 
TOURS OF DUTY IN REMOTE LOCATIONS WITH 
HIGH FAMILY SUPPORT COSTS.
(a) Analysis Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
comparative analysis of accompanied tours of duty and unaccompanied 
tours of duty of members of the Armed Forces in remote locations with 
high family support costs (including facility construction and operation 
costs), including--
(1) the Azores;
(2) United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba;
(3) Okinawa, Japan;
(4) the Republic of Korea;
(5) Kwajalein Atoll;
(6) Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar; and
(7) such other locations as the Secretary considers 
appropriate for purposes of the analysis.
(b) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report containing the results of 
the analysis conducted under subsection (a).
SEC. 572. REVIEW AND REPORTS ON POLICIES FOR REGULAR AND RESERVE 
OFFICER CAREER MANAGEMENT.
(a) Review Required.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the Secretaries of the military departments, shall conduct a review of 
the policies of the Department of Defense for the career management of 
regular and reserve officers of the Armed Forces pursuant to the Defense 
Officer Personnel Management Act (commonly referred to as ``DOPMA'') and 
the Reserve Officer Personnel Management Act (commonly referred to as 
``ROPMA'').
(b) Elements of Review.--The review required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
(1) A statistical analysis, based on exit surveys and other 
data available to the military departments, on the impact that 
current personnel policies under the Defense Officer Personnel 
Management Act have on recruiting and retention of qualified 
regular and reserve officers of the Armed Forces. Specifically, 
the statistical analysis shall include an estimate of the number 
of officers who leave the Armed Forces each year because of 
dissatisfaction with the current personnel policies, including 
career progression, promotion policies, and a perceived lack of 
opportunity for schooling and broadening assignments.
(2) An analysis of the extent to which current personnel 
policies inhibit the professional development of officers.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1409]]
(3) An analysis of the impact that increased flexibility in 
promotion, assignments, and career length would have on officer 
competency in their military occupational specialties.
(4) An analysis of the efficacy of officer talent management 
systems currently used by the military departments.
(5) An analysis of the benefits and limitations of the 
current promotion timelines and the ``up-or-out'' system 
required by policy and law.
(6) An analysis of the reasons and frequency with which 
officers in the grade of O-3 or above are passed over for 
promotion to the next higher grade, particularly those officers 
who have pursued advanced degrees, broadening assignments, and 
non-traditional career patterns.
(7) The utility and feasibility of creating new competitive 
categories or an independent career and promotion path for 
officers in low-density military occupational specialties.
(8) An analysis of how best to encourage and facilitate the 
recruitment and retention of officers with technical expertise.
(9) The utility and feasibility of encouraging officers to 
pursue careers of lengths that vary from the traditional 20-year 
military career and the mechanisms that could be employed to 
encourage officers to pursue these varying career lengths.
(10) An analysis of what actions have been or could be taken 
within current statutory authority to address officer management 
challenges.
(11) An analysis of what actions can be taken by the Armed 
Forces to change the institutional culture regarding commonly 
held perceptions on appropriate promotion timelines, career 
progression, and traditional career patterns.
(12) An analysis of how the Armed Forces can avoid an 
officer corps disproportionately weighted toward officers 
serving in the grades of major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel 
and Navy grades of lieutenant commander, commander, and captain, 
if statutory officer grade caps are relaxed.
(13) The utility and feasibility of allowing officers to 
repeatedly and seamlessly transition between active duty and 
reserve active-status throughout the course of their military 
careers.
(14) An analysis of the current officer force-shaping 
authorities and any changes needed to these authorities to 
improve recruiting, retention, and readiness.
(15) An analysis of any other matters the Secretary of 
Defense considers appropriate to improve the effective 
recruitment and retention of officers.
(c) Reporting Requirements.--
(1) Initial report.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
evaluating the impact on officer retention of granting promotion 
boards the authority to recommend officers of particular merit 
be placed at the top of the promotion list.
(2) Complete report.--Not later than July 31, 2018, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
setting forth the results of the review conducted under 
subsection (a).
[[Page 131 STAT. 1410]]
(3) Scope of report.--If any recommendation of the Secretary 
of Defense in a report required by this subsection requires 
legislative or administrative action for implementation, the 
report shall include a proposal for legislative action, or a 
description of administrative action, as applicable, to 
implement such recommendation.
SEC. 573. REVIEW AND REPORT ON EFFECTS OF PERSONNEL REQUIREMENTS 
AND LIMITATIONS ON THE AVAILABILITY OF 
MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL GUARD FOR THE 
PERFORMANCE OF FUNERAL HONORS DUTY FOR 
VETERANS.
(a) Review Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall undertake a 
review of the effects of the personnel requirements and limitations 
described in subsection (b) with respect to the members of the National 
Guard in order to determine whether or not such requirements unduly 
limit the ability of the Armed Forces to meet the demand for personnel 
to perform funeral honors in connection with funerals of veterans.
(b) Personnel Requirements and Limitations.--The personnel 
requirements and limitations described in this subsection are the 
following:
(1) Requirements, such as the ceiling on the authorized 
number of members of the National Guard on active duty pursuant 
to section 115(b)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, or end-
strength limitations, that may operate to limit the number of 
members of the National Guard available for the performance of 
funeral honors duty.
(2) Any other requirements or limitations applicable to the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces in general, or the 
National Guard in particular, that may operate to limit the 
number of members of the National Guard available for the 
performance of funeral honors duty.
(c) Report.--Not later than six months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
on the review undertaken pursuant to subsection (a). The report shall 
include the following:
(1) A description of the review.
(2) Such recommendations as the Secretary considers 
appropriate in light of the review for legislative or 
administrative action to expand the number of members of the 
National Guard available for the performance of funeral honors 
functions at funerals of veterans.
SEC. 574. REVIEW AND REPORT ON AUTHORITIES FOR THE EMPLOYMENT, 
USE, AND STATUS OF NATIONAL GUARD AND 
RESERVE TECHNICIANS.
(a) Review Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
review of the following:
(1) Authority for the employment, use, and status of 
National Guard technicians under section 709 of title 32, United 
States Code (commonly referred to as the National Guard 
Technicians Act of 1968).
(2) Authorities for the employment, use, and status of 
National Guard and Reserve technicians under sections 10216 
through 10218 of title 10, United States Code.
(3) Any other authorities on the employment, use, and status 
of National Guard and Reserve technicians under law.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1411]]
(b) Purposes.--The purposes of the review under subsection (a) shall 
be as follows:
(1) To define the mission and requirements of National Guard 
and Reserve technicians.
(2) To identify means to improve the management and 
administration of the National Guard and Reserve technician 
workforce.
(3) To identify means to enhance the capability of the 
Department of Defense to recruit and retain National Guard and 
Reserve technicians.
(4) To assess the current career progression tracks of 
National Guard and Reserve technicians.
(c) Consultation.--In conducting the review under subsection (a), 
the Secretary of Defense shall consult with the Chief of the National 
Guard Bureau, the Chief of Army Reserve, the Chief of Air Force Reserve, 
and representatives of National Guard and Reserve technicians, including 
collective bargaining representatives of such technicians.
(d) Inclusion of Recent Authorities in Review.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall ensure that the review conducted under subsection (a) 
takes into account authorities, and modifications of authorities, for 
the employment, use, and status of National Guard and Reserve 
technicians contained in the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92) and the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328).
(e) Required Review Elements.--In meeting the purposes of the review 
conducted under subsection (a), as set forth in subsection (b), the 
Secretary of Defense shall address, in particular, the following:
(1) The extent to which National Guard and Reserve 
technicians are assigned military duties inconsistent with, or 
of a different nature than, their civilian duties, the impact of 
such assignments on unit readiness, and the effect of such 
assignments on the career progression of technicians.
(2) The use by the Department of Defense (especially within 
the National Guard) of selective retention boards to separate 
National Guard and Reserve technicians from military service 
(with the effect of thereby separating them from civilian 
service) before they accrue a full, unreduced retirement annuity 
in connection with Federal civilian service, and whether that 
use is consistent with the authority in section 10216(f) of 
title 10, United States Code, that technicians be permitted to 
remain in service past their mandatory separation date until 
they qualify for an unreduced retirement annuity.
(3) The impact on recruitment and retention, and the 
budgetary impact, of permitting National Guard and Reserve 
technicians who receive an enlistment incentive before becoming 
a technician to retain such incentive upon becoming a 
technician.
(f) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than April 1, 2018, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report containing--
(1) the results of the review conducted under subsection 
(a), including a discussion of the matters set forth in 
subsections (b) and (e); and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1412]]
(2) such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
action as the Secretary considers appropriate in light of the 
review in order to improve and enhance the employment, use, and 
status of National Guard and Reserve technicians.
SEC. 575. ASSESSMENT AND REPORT ON EXPANDING AND CONTRACTING FOR 
CHILDCARE SERVICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
DEFENSE.
(a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct an 
assessment of the feasibility and advisability of the following:
(1) Expanding the operating hours of childcare facilities of 
the Department of Defense in order to meet childcare services 
requirements for swing-shift, night-shift, and weekend workers.
(2) Using contracts with private-sector childcare services 
providers to expand the availability of childcare services for 
members of the Armed Forces at locations outside military 
installations at costs similar to the current costs for 
childcare services through child development centers on military 
installations.
(3) Contracting with private-sector childcare services 
providers to operate childcare facilities of the Department on 
military installations.
(4) Expanding childcare services as described in paragraphs 
(1) through (3) to members of the National Guard and Reserves in 
a manner that does not substantially raise costs of childcare 
services for the military departments or conflict with others 
who have a higher priority for space in childcare services 
programs, such as members of the Armed Forces on active duty.
(b) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than September 1, 2018, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report containing the 
results of the assessment conducted under subsection (a).
SEC. 576. REVIEW AND REPORT ON COMPENSATION PROVIDED CHILDCARE 
SERVICES PROVIDERS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
DEFENSE.
(a) Review Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
review of the compensation provided for childcare services providers 
within the Department of Defense, including positions subject to General 
Schedule pay grades and positions occupied by nonappropriated fund 
instrumentality employees.
(b) Elements of Review.--The review conducted under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
(1) A comparison of the compensation provided for childcare 
services provider positions within the Department with the 
compensation provided to childcare services providers in the 
private sector who provide similar childcare services.
(2) An assessment of the mix of General Schedule pay grades 
and compensation levels for nonappropriated fund instrumentality 
employees currently required by the Department to most 
effectively recruit and retain childcare services providers for 
dependents of members of the Armed Forces.
(3) A comparison of the budget implications of the current 
General Schedule pay grade mix and nonappropriated fund 
instrumentality compensation levels with the pay grade mix and 
compensation levels determined pursuant to paragraph
[[Page 131 STAT. 1413]]
(2) to be required by the Department to most effectively recruit 
and retain childcare services providers for dependents of 
members of the Armed Forces.
(c) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than September 1, 2018, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report containing the 
results of the review conducted under subsection (a).
SEC. 577. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES ASSESSMENT AND 
REPORT ON THE OFFICE OF COMPLEX 
INVESTIGATIONS WITHIN THE NATIONAL GUARD 
BUREAU.
(a) Assessment Required.--The Comptroller General of the United 
States shall conduct an assessment on the purpose, structure, and 
effectiveness of the Office of Complex Investigations within the 
National Guard Bureau.
(b) Elements of Assessment.--The assessment conducted under 
subsection (a) shall address the following:
(1) The purpose of the Office of Complex Investigations and 
the criteria used to determine which cases will be investigated 
by the office.
(2) The services provided by the Office of Complex 
Investigations.
(3) The authority under which the Office of Complex 
Investigations may investigate violations of State law.
(4) The structure of the Office of Complex Investigations, 
including--
(A) the number of individuals assigned, both 
permanently and temporarily, to the office;
(B) the organizational structure of the office; and
(C) the annual budget of the office, the source of 
funding, and the extent to which States are required to 
reimburse the Department of Defense for activities 
conducted by the office.
(5) The extent to which the investigations conducted by the 
Office of Complex Investigations could be conducted by another 
State or Federal entity.
(6) The policies governing the Office of Complex 
Investigations, and the extent to which the office adheres to 
these policies.
(7) The training provided to investigators and other 
employees of the Office of Complex Investigations.
(8) Any other matters the Comptroller General considers 
relevant to the assessment.
(c) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than October 31, 2018, the 
Comptroller General shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report containing the 
results of the assessment conducted under subsection (a).
SEC. 578. MODIFICATION OF SUBMITTAL DATE OF COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF 
THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON INTEGRITY OF 
THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE WHISTLEBLOWER 
PROGRAM.
Section 536(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2124) is amended by striking 
``18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2018''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1414]]
Subtitle I--Other Matters
SEC. 581. EXPANSION OF UNITED STATES AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF 
TECHNOLOGY ENROLLMENT AUTHORITY TO INCLUDE 
CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES OF THE HOMELAND 
SECURITY INDUSTRY.
(a) Definition.--Subsection (b) of section 9314a of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``(b) Covered Private Sector Employee Defined.--(1) In this section, 
the term `covered private sector employee' means--
``(A) an individual employed by a private firm that is 
engaged in providing to the Department of Defense significant 
and substantial defense-related systems, products, or services; 
or
``(B) an individual employed by a private firm in one of the 
critical infrastructure sectors identified in Presidential 
Policy Directive 21 (Critical Infrastructure Security and 
Resilience).
``(2) A covered private sector employee admitted for instruction at 
the United States Air Force Institute of Technology remains eligible for 
such instruction only so long as the person remains employed by the same 
firm.''.
(b) Use of Defined Term.--Section 9314a of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
(1) in subsection (a)--
(A) in paragraph (1)--
(i) by striking ``defense industry employees 
described in subsection (b)'' and inserting ``a 
covered private sector employee''; and
(ii) by striking ``Any such defense industry 
employee'' and inserting ``A covered private 
sector employee'';
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``defense industry 
employees'' and inserting ``covered private sector 
employees''; and
(C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``defense industry 
employee'' both places it appears and inserting 
``covered private sector employee'';
(2) in subsection (c)--
(A) by striking ``Defense industry employees'' and 
inserting ``A covered private sector employee''; and
(B) by striking ``defense industry employees'' and 
inserting ``covered private sector employees'';
(3) in subsection (d)(1), by striking ``defense industry 
employees'' and inserting ``a covered private sector employee''; 
and
(4) in subsection (f), by striking ``defense industry 
employees'' and inserting ``covered private sector employees''.
(c) Other Conforming Amendments.--Section 9314a of title 10, United 
States Code, is further amended--
(1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``a defense focused'' 
and inserting ``a defense-focused or homeland security-
focused''; and
(2) in subsection (d)--
(A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or homeland 
security'' after ``and defense''; and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1415]]
(B) in paragraph (2), by inserting before the period 
at the end the following: ``or the Department of 
Homeland Security, as applicable''.
(d) Clerical Amendments.--
(1) Section heading.--The heading of section 9314a of title 
10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 9314a. United States Air Force Institute of Technology: 
admission of certain private sector 
civilians''.
(2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 901 of title 10, United States 
Code, <>  is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 9314a and inserting the following new 
item:
``9314a. United States Air Force Institute of Technology: admission of 
certain private sector civilians.''.
SEC. 582. CONDITIONAL DESIGNATION OF EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL 
CORPS AS A BASIC BRANCH OF THE ARMY.
(a) Conditional Designation.--Subject to subsection (b), section 
3063(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) in paragraph (12), by striking ``and'';
(2) by redesignating paragraph (13) as paragraph (14); and
(3) by inserting after paragraph (12) the following new 
paragraph (13):
``(13) Explosive Ordnance Disposal Corps; and''.
(b) <>  Delayed Effective Date and 
Condition on Execution.--
(1) Effective date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
shall take effect on October 1, 2020, but only if the report 
required by paragraph (2) is not submitted before that date as 
required by such paragraph.
(2) Reporting requirement.--Not later than September 30, 
2020, the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
a report containing certifications that the following actions 
have occurred as of that date:
(A) The defense budget materials display funding 
requirements for explosive ordnance disposal separately 
and a program of record is established and maintained 
for explosive ordnance disposal.
(B) A process has been established to ensure that, 
by not later than five years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, there is, and will continue to 
be, at least one general officer in the Army qualified 
regarding issues involving explosive ordnance disposal 
to ensure officer professional development and upward 
mobility.
(C) The Ordnance Personnel Proponency Office is, and 
will continue to be, manned with an explosive ordnance 
disposal officer to oversee explosive ordnance disposal 
officer and enlisted personnel proponency.
(D) Explosive ordnance disposal officer education 
has been included in a basic officer leadership course, 
a captains career course, and a policy and planning 
course specific to explosive ordnance disposal as part 
of intermediate level education and pre-command courses.
(E) The office of the Army Deputy Chief of Staff, 
G8, and the office of the Army Deputy Chief of Staff, 
G3,
[[Page 131 STAT. 1416]]
have, and will continue to be, manned with explosive 
ordnance disposal officers responsible for the decision 
management decision packages, ammunition organizational 
integration, and force modernization related to 
explosive ordnance disposal.
(F) The Army has established and maintained 
explosive ordnance disposal cells at the Army Forces 
Command, Army Service Component Commands, Army Special 
Operations Command, Army Training and Doctrine Command, 
and the Army Capability and Integration Center.
(3) Notice of report.--The Secretary of the Army shall 
notify the Law Revision Counsel of the House of Representatives 
of the submission of the report under paragraph (2) so that the 
Law Revision Counsel does not execute the amendments made by 
subsection (a).
SEC. 583. <>  DESIGNATION OF OFFICE WITHIN 
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE TO 
OVERSEE USE OF FOOD ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS BY 
MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES ON ACTIVE 
DUTY.
Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall designate an office or official within 
the Office of the Secretary of Defense for purposes as follows:
(1) To discharge responsibility for overseeing the efforts 
of the Department of Defense to collect, analyze, and monitor 
data on the use of food assistance programs by members of the 
Armed Forces on active duty.
(2) To establish and maintain relationships with other 
departments and agencies of the Federal Government to facilitate 
the discharge of the responsibility specified in paragraph (1).
TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS
Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances
Sec. 601. Annual adjustment of basic monthly pay.
Sec. 602. Prohibiting collection of additional amounts from members 
living in units under Military Housing Privatization 
Initiative.
Sec. 603. Limitation on modification of payment authority for Military 
Housing Privatization Initiative housing.
Sec. 604. Housing treatment for certain members of the Armed Forces, and 
their spouses and other dependents, undergoing a permanent 
change of station within the United States.
Sec. 605. Extension of authority to provide temporary increase in rates 
of basic allowance for housing under certain circumstances.
Sec. 606. Reevaluation of BAH for the military housing area including 
Staten Island.
Subtitle B--Bonus and Special and Incentive Pays
Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 612. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
authorities for health care professionals.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of special pay and bonus authorities for 
nuclear officers.
Sec. 614. One-year extension of authorities relating to title 37 
consolidated special pay, incentive pay, and bonus 
authorities.
Sec. 615. One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of other 
title 37 bonuses and special pays.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1417]]
Sec. 616. Report regarding the national pilot shortage.
Sec. 617. Special aviation incentive pay and bonus authorities for 
enlisted members who operate remotely piloted aircraft.
Sec. 618. Technical and conforming amendments relating to 2008 
consolidation of special pay authorities.
Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits
Sec. 621. Permanent extension and cost-of-living adjustments of special 
survivor indemnity allowances under the Survivor Benefit 
Plan.
Sec. 622. Adjustments to Survivor Benefit Plan for members electing lump 
sum payments of retired pay under the modernized retirement 
system for members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 623. Technical correction regarding election to participate in 
modernized retirement system for reserve component members 
experiencing a break in service.
Sec. 624. Technical corrections to use of member's current pay grade and 
years of service in a division of property involving 
disposable retired pay.
Sec. 625. Continuation pay for the Coast Guard.
Subtitle D--Other Matters
Sec. 631. Land conveyance authority, Army and Air Force Exchange Service 
property, Dallas, Texas.
Sec. 632. Authority for the Secretaries of the military departments to 
provide for care of remains of those who die on active duty 
and are interred in a foreign cemetery.
Sec. 633. Construction of domestic source requirement for footwear 
furnished to enlisted members of the Armed Forces on initial 
entry into the Armed Forces.
Sec. 634. Review and update of regulations governing debt collectors 
interactions with unit commanders of members of the Armed 
Forces.
Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances
SEC. 601. <>  ANNUAL ADJUSTMENT OF BASIC 
MONTHLY PAY.
The adjustment in the rates of monthly basic pay required by 
subsection (a) of section 1009 of title 37, United States Code, to be 
made on January 1, 2018, shall take effect, notwithstanding any 
determination made by the President under subsection (e) of such section 
with respect to an alternative pay adjustment to be made on such date.
SEC. 602. PROHIBITING COLLECTION OF ADDITIONAL AMOUNTS FROM 
MEMBERS LIVING IN UNITS UNDER MILITARY 
HOUSING PRIVATIZATION INITIATIVE.
(a) Prohibition.--Subchapter IV of chapter 169 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2886. <>  Prohibiting collection of 
amounts in addition to rent from members 
assigned to units
``(a) Prohibition.--An agreement for acquiring or constructing a 
military family housing unit or military unaccompanied housing unit 
under this subchapter which is entered into between the Secretary and an 
eligible entity shall prohibit the entity from imposing on a member of 
the armed forces who occupies the unit a supplemental payment, such as 
an out-of-pocket fee, in addition to the amount of rent the eligible 
entity charges for a unit of similar size and composition, without 
regard to whether or not the amount of the member's basic allowance for 
housing is less than the amount of the rent.
``(b) Permitting Certain Additional Payments.--Nothing in this 
section shall be construed to prohibit an eligible entity from
[[Page 131 STAT. 1418]]
imposing an additional payment for optional services provided to 
residents, such as access to a gym or a parking space, or an additional 
payment for non-essential utility services, as determined in accordance 
with regulations promulgated by the Secretary.
``(c) No Effect on Rental Guarantees or Differential Lease 
Payments.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit or 
otherwise affect the authority of the Secretary to enter into rental 
guarantee agreements under section 2876 of this title or to make 
differential lease payments under section 2877 of this title, so long as 
such agreements or payments do not require a member of the armed forces 
who is assigned to a military family housing unit or military 
unaccompanied housing unit under this subchapter to pay an out-of-pocket 
fee or payment in addition to the member's basic housing allowance.''.
(b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for subchapter IV of 
chapter 169 of such title <>  is amended by 
adding at the end the following new item:
``2886. Prohibiting collection of amounts in addition to rent from 
members assigned to units.''.
SEC. 603. LIMITATION ON MODIFICATION OF PAYMENT AUTHORITY FOR 
MILITARY HOUSING PRIVATIZATION INITIATIVE 
HOUSING.
(a) In General.--For each month during 2018, the Secretary of 
Defense shall pay to a lessor of covered housing 1 percent of the amount 
calculated under section 403(b)(3)(A)(i) of title 37, United States 
Code, for the area in which the covered housing exists.
(b) Definition.--In this section, the term ``covered housing'' means 
a unit of housing--
(1) acquired or constructed under the alternative authority 
of subchapter IV of chapter 169 of title 10, United States Code 
(known as the Military Housing Privatization Initiative);
(2) that is leased to a member of a uniformed service who 
resides in such unit; and
(3) for which the lessor charges such member rent that 
equals or exceeds the amount calculated under section 
403(b)(3)(A) of title 37, United States Code.
(c) GAO Review.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a review of the 
following:
(1) The management of the Military Housing Privatization 
Initiative to date.
(2) Plans for the Military Housing Privatization Initiative 
after March 1, 2018.
(3) The viability of the Military Housing Privatization 
Initiative after March 1, 2018.
(4) Alternatives to the Military Housing Privatization 
Initiative.
SEC. 604. HOUSING TREATMENT FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
FORCES, AND THEIR SPOUSES AND OTHER 
DEPENDENTS, UNDERGOING A PERMANENT CHANGE 
OF STATION WITHIN THE UNITED STATES.
(a) Housing Treatment.--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1419]]
(1) In general.--Chapter 7 of title 37, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting after section 403 the following new 
section:
``Sec. 403a. <>  Housing treatment for certain 
members of the armed forces, and their spouses 
and other dependents, undergoing a permanent 
change of station within the United States
``(a) Housing Treatment for Certain Members Who Have a Spouse or 
Other Dependents.--
``(1) Housing treatment regulations.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall prescribe regulations that permit a member of the 
armed forces described in paragraph (2) who is undergoing a 
permanent change of station within the United States to request 
the housing treatment described in subsection (b) during the 
covered relocation period of the member.
``(2) Eligible members.--A member described in this 
paragraph is any member who--
``(A) has a spouse who is gainfully employed or 
enrolled in a degree, certificate or license granting 
program at the beginning of the covered relocation 
period;
``(B) has one or more dependents attending an 
elementary or secondary school at the beginning of the 
covered relocation period;
``(C) has one or more dependents enrolled in the 
Exceptional Family Member Program; or
``(D) is caring for an immediate family member with 
a chronic or long-term illness at the beginning of the 
covered relocation period.
``(b) Housing Treatment.--
``(1) Continuation of housing for the spouse and other 
dependents.--If a spouse or other dependent of a member whose 
request under subsection (a) is approved resides in Government-
owned or Government-leased housing at the beginning of the 
covered relocation period, the spouse or other dependent may 
continue to reside in such housing during a period determined in 
accordance with the regulations prescribed pursuant to this 
section.
``(2) Early housing eligibility.--If a spouse or other 
dependent of a member whose request under subsection (a) is 
approved is eligible to reside in Government-owned or 
Government-leased housing following the member's permanent 
change of station within the United States, the spouse or other 
dependent may commence residing in such housing at any time 
during the covered relocation period.
``(3) Temporary use of government-owned or government-leased 
housing intended for members without a spouse or dependent.--If 
a spouse or other dependent of a member relocates at a time 
different from the member in accordance with a request approved 
under subsection (a), the member may be assigned to Government-
owned or Government-leased housing intended for the permanent 
housing of members without a spouse or dependent until the 
member's detachment date or the spouse or other dependent's 
arrival date, but only if such Government-owned or Government-
leased housing is available without displacing a member without 
a spouse or dependent at such housing.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1420]]
``(4) Equitable basic allowance for housing.--If a spouse or 
other dependent of a member relocates at a time different from 
the member in accordance with a request approved under 
subsection (a), the amount of basic allowance for housing 
payable may be based on whichever of the following areas the 
Secretary concerned determines to be the most equitable:
``(A) The area of the duty station to which the 
member is reassigned.
``(B) The area in which the spouse or other 
dependent resides, but only if the spouse or other 
dependent resides in that area when the member departs 
for the duty station to which the member is reassigned, 
and only for the period during which the spouse or other 
dependent resides in that area.
``(C) The area of the former duty station of the 
member, but only if that area is different from the area 
in which the spouse or other dependent resides.
``(c) Rule of Construction Related to Certain Basic Allowance for 
Housing Payments.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit 
the payment or the amount of basic allowance for housing payable under 
section 403(d)(3)(A) of this title to a member whose request under 
subsection (a) is approved.
``(d) Housing Treatment Education.--The regulations prescribed 
pursuant to this section shall ensure the relocation assistance programs 
under section 1056 of title 10 include, as part of the assistance 
normally provided under such section, education about the housing 
treatment available under this section.
``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
``(1) Covered relocation period.--(A) Subject to 
subparagraph (B), the term `covered relocation period', when 
used with respect to a permanent change of station of a member 
of the armed forces, means the period that--
``(i) begins 180 days before the date of the 
permanent change of station; and
``(ii) ends 180 days after the date of the permanent 
change of station.
``(B) The regulations prescribed pursuant to this section 
may provide for a shortening or lengthening of the covered 
relocation period of a member for purposes of this section.
``(2) Dependent.--The term `dependent' has the meaning given 
that term in section 401 of this title.
``(3) Permanent change of station.--The term `permanent 
change of station' means a permanent change of station described 
in section 452(b)(2) of this title.''.
(2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 7 such title <>  is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 403 the 
following new item:
``403a. Housing treatment for certain members of the armed forces, and 
their spouses and other dependents, undergoing a permanent 
change of station within the United States.''.
(b) <>  Effective Date.--The amendments 
made by this section shall take effect on October 1, 2018.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1421]]
SEC. 605. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE TEMPORARY INCREASE IN 
RATES OF BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING UNDER 
CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES.
Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018''.
SEC. 606. REEVALUATION OF BAH FOR THE MILITARY HOUSING AREA 
INCLUDING STATEN ISLAND.
Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense, using the most recent data available to the 
Secretary, shall reevaluate the basic housing allowance prescribed under 
section 403(b) of title 37, United States Code, for the military housing 
area that includes Staten Island, New York.
Subtitle B--Bonus and Special and Incentive Pays
SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
AUTHORITIES FOR RESERVE FORCES.
The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
(1) Section 308b(g), relating to Selected Reserve 
reenlistment bonus.
(2) Section 308c(i), relating to Selected Reserve 
affiliation or enlistment bonus.
(3) Section 308d(c), relating to special pay for enlisted 
members assigned to certain high-priority units.
(4) Section 308g(f)(2), relating to Ready Reserve enlistment 
bonus for persons without prior service.
(5) Section 308h(e), relating to Ready Reserve enlistment 
and reenlistment bonus for persons with prior service.
(6) Section 308i(f), relating to Selected Reserve enlistment 
and reenlistment bonus for persons with prior service.
(7) Section 478a(e), relating to reimbursement of travel 
expenses for inactive-duty training outside of normal commuting 
distance.
(8) Section 910(g), relating to income replacement payments 
for reserve component members experiencing extended and frequent 
mobilization for active duty service.
SEC. 612. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
AUTHORITIES FOR HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS.
(a) Title 10 Authorities.--The following sections of title 10, 
United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
(1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer candidate 
accession program.
(2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education 
loans for certain health professionals who serve in the Selected 
Reserve.
(b) Title 37 Authorities.--The following sections of title 37, 
United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
[[Page 131 STAT. 1422]]
(1) Section 302c-1(f), relating to accession and retention 
bonuses for psychologists.
(2) Section 302d(a)(1), relating to accession bonus for 
registered nurses.
(3) Section 302e(a)(1), relating to incentive special pay 
for nurse anesthetists.
(4) Section 302g(e), relating to special pay for Selected 
Reserve health professionals in critically short wartime 
specialties.
(5) Section 302h(a)(1), relating to accession bonus for 
dental officers.
(6) Section 302j(a), relating to accession bonus for 
pharmacy officers.
(7) Section 302k(f), relating to accession bonus for medical 
officers in critically short wartime specialties.
(8) Section 302l(g), relating to accession bonus for dental 
specialist officers in critically short wartime specialties.
SEC. 613. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF SPECIAL PAY AND BONUS AUTHORITIES 
FOR NUCLEAR OFFICERS.
The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
(1) Section 312(f), relating to special pay for nuclear-
qualified officers extending period of active service.
(2) Section 312b(c), relating to nuclear career accession 
bonus.
(3) Section 312c(d), relating to nuclear career annual 
incentive bonus.
SEC. 614. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO TITLE 37 
CONSOLIDATED SPECIAL PAY, INCENTIVE PAY, 
AND BONUS AUTHORITIES.
The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
(1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
enlisted members.
(2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
officers.
(3) Section 333(i), relating to special bonus and incentive 
pay authorities for nuclear officers.
(4) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive 
pay and bonus authorities for officers.
(5) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive 
pay authorities for officers in health professions.
(6) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for cadets 
and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
Corps.
(7) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
(8) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special 
duty pay.
(9) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
proficiency bonus.
(10) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to 
high priority units.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1423]]
SEC. 615. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO PAYMENT OF 
OTHER TITLE 37 BONUSES AND SPECIAL PAYS.
The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
(1) Section 301b(a), relating to aviation officer retention 
bonus.
(2) Section 307a(g), relating to assignment incentive pay.
(3) Section 308(g), relating to reenlistment bonus for 
active members.
(4) Section 309(e), relating to enlistment bonus.
(5) Section 316a(g), relating to incentive pay for members 
of precommissioning programs pursuing foreign language 
proficiency.
(6) Section 324(g), relating to accession bonus for new 
officers in critical skills.
(7) Section 326(g), relating to incentive bonus for 
conversion to military occupational specialty to ease personnel 
shortage.
(8) Section 327(h), relating to incentive bonus for transfer 
between Armed Forces.
(9) Section 330(f), relating to accession bonus for officer 
candidates.
SEC. 616. REPORT REGARDING THE NATIONAL PILOT SHORTAGE.
(a) In General.--Not later than April 30, 2018, the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a report 
regarding the extent of the national pilot shortage and the impact that 
such shortage has on the ability of the Department of Defense to retain 
pilots.
(b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include 
assessments of the following:
(1) The severity of the national pilot shortage, including 
which of the following are most acutely affected by such 
shortage--
(A) geographic areas of the United States; and
(B) sectors of the commercial aviation industry;
(2) Compensation practices within the commercial aviation 
industry, including whether and how such practices affect the 
ability of the Department of Defense to retain pilots.
(3) The annual business case of the Secretary of the Air 
Force for aviation bonus payments under section 334(c)(2) of 
title 37, United States Code, specifically--
(A) whether the business case meets the requirements 
under such section of title 37;
(B) whether the business case justifies the bonus 
amount for each aircraft type category; and
(C) whether projections indicate that the business 
case will reduce the pilot shortage, and, if so, how 
quickly for each aircraft type category.
(4) Non-monetary incentives the Secretary of the Air Force 
has used to retain pilots.
(5) Other incentives available under current law and 
policies of the Department of Defense to increase retention of 
pilots.
(6) Such other matters as the Comptroller General considers 
appropriate.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1424]]
SEC. 617. SPECIAL AVIATION INCENTIVE PAY AND BONUS AUTHORITIES FOR 
ENLISTED MEMBERS WHO OPERATE REMOTELY 
PILOTED AIRCRAFT.
(a) In General.--Chapter 5 of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 334 the following new section:
``Sec. 334a. <>  Special aviation incentive 
pay and bonus authorities: enlisted members who 
operate remotely piloted aircraft
``(a) Aviation Incentive Pay.--
``(1) Incentive pay authorized.--The Secretary concerned may 
pay aviation incentive pay under this section to an enlisted 
member in a regular or reserve component of a uniformed service 
who--
``(A) is entitled to basic pay under section 204 of 
this title or compensation under 206 of this title;
``(B) is designated as a remotely piloted aircraft 
pilot, or is in training leading to such a designation;
``(C) engages in, or is in training leading to, 
frequent and regular performance of operational flying 
duty or proficiency flying duty;
``(D) engages in or remains in aviation service for 
a specified period; and
``(E) meets such other criteria as the Secretary 
concerned determines appropriate.
``(2) Enlisted members not currently engaged in flying 
duty.--The Secretary concerned may pay aviation incentive pay 
under this section to an enlisted member who is otherwise 
qualified for such pay but who is not currently engaged in the 
performance of operational flying duty or proficiency flying 
duty if the Secretary determines, under regulations prescribed 
under section 374 of this title, that payment of aviation pay to 
that enlisted member is in the best interests of the service.
``(b) Aviation Bonus.--The Secretary concerned may pay an aviation 
bonus under this section to an enlisted member in a regular or reserve 
component of a uniformed service who--
``(1) is entitled to aviation incentive pay under subsection 
(a);
``(2) is within one year of completing the enlistment of the 
member;
``(3) reenlists or voluntarily extends the enlistment of the 
member--
``(A) for a period of at least one year; or
``(B) in the case of an enlisted member serving 
pursuant to an indefinite reenlistment, executes a 
written agreement--
``(i) to remain on active duty for a period of 
at least one year; or
``(ii) to remain in an active status in a 
reserve component for a period of at least one 
year; and
``(4) meets such other criteria as the Secretary concerned 
determines appropriate.
``(c) Maximum Amount and Method of Payment.--
``(1) Maximum amount.--The Secretary concerned shall 
determine the amount of a bonus or incentive pay to be paid 
under this section, except that--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1425]]
``(A) aviation incentive pay under subsection (a) 
shall be paid at a monthly rate not to exceed $1,000 per 
month; and
``(B) an aviation bonus under subsection (b) may not 
exceed $35,000 for each 12-month period of obligated 
service agreed to under subsection (d).
``(2) Lump sum or installments.--A bonus under this section 
may be paid in a lump sum or in periodic installments, as 
determined by the Secretary concerned.
``(3) Fixing bonus amount.--Upon acceptance by the Secretary 
concerned of the written agreement required by subsection (d), 
the total amount of the bonus to be paid under the agreement 
shall be fixed.
``(d) Written Agreement for Bonus.--To receive an aviation bonus 
under this section, an enlisted member determined to be eligible for the 
bonus shall enter into a written agreement with the Secretary concerned 
that specifies--
``(1) the amount of the bonus;
``(2) the method of payment of the bonus under subsection 
(c)(2);
``(3) the period of obligated service; and
``(4) the type or conditions of the service.
``(e) Reserve Component Enlisted Members Performing Inactive Duty 
Training.--An enlisted member of reserve component who is entitled to 
compensation under section 206 of this title and who is authorized 
aviation incentive pay under this section may be paid an amount of 
incentive pay that is proportionate to the compensation received under 
section 206 of this title for inactive-duty training.
``(f) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.--
``(1) Aviation incentive pay.--Aviation incentive pay paid 
to an enlisted member under subsection (a) shall be in addition 
to any other pay and allowance to which the enlisted member is 
entitled, except that an enlisted member may not receive a 
payment under such subsection and section 351(a)(2) or 353(a) of 
this title for the same skill and period of service.
``(2) Aviation bonus.--An aviation bonus paid to an enlisted 
member under subsection (b) shall be in addition to any other 
pay and allowance to which the enlisted member is entitled, 
except that an enlisted member may not receive a bonus payment 
under such subsection and section 331 or 353(b) of this title 
for the same skill and period of service.
``(g) Repayment.--An enlisted member who receives aviation incentive 
pay or an aviation bonus under this section and who fails to fulfill the 
eligibility requirements for the receipt of the incentive pay or bonus 
or complete the period of service for which the incentive pay or bonus 
is paid, as specified in the written agreement under subsection (d) in 
the case of a bonus, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of 
section 373 of this title.
``(h) Definitions.--In this section:
``(1) Aviation service.--The term `aviation service' means 
participation in aerial flight performed, under regulations 
prescribed by the Secretary concerned, by an eligible enlisted 
member who is a remotely piloted aircraft pilot.
``(2) Operational flying duty.--The term `operational flying 
duty' means flying performed under competent orders by enlisted 
members of the regular or reserve components
[[Page 131 STAT. 1426]]
while serving in assignments in which basic flying skills are 
normally maintained in the performance of assigned duties as 
determined by the Secretary concerned, and flying duty performed 
by members in training that leads to designation as a remotely 
piloted aircraft pilot by the Secretary concerned.
``(3) Proficiency flying duty.--The term `proficiency flying 
duty' means flying performed under competent orders by enlisted 
members of the regular or reserve components while serving in 
assignments in which such skills would normally not be 
maintained in the performance of assigned duties.
``(i) Termination of Authority.--No agreement may be entered into 
under this section after December 31, 2018.''.
(b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 5 of such title <>  is amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 334 the following new item:
``334a. Special aviation incentive pay and bonus authorities: enlisted 
members who operate remotely piloted aircraft.''.
SEC. 618. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS RELATING TO 2008 
CONSOLIDATION OF SPECIAL PAY AUTHORITIES.
(a) Repayment Provisions.--
(1) Title 10.--The following provisions of title 10, United 
States Code, are each amended by inserting ``or 373'' before 
``of title 37'':
(A) Section 510(i).
(B) Subsections (a)(3) and (c) of section 2005.
(C) Paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 2007(e).
(D) Section 2105.
(E) Section 2123(e)(1)(C).
(F) Section 2128(c).
(G) Section 2130a(d).
(H) Section 2171(g).
(I) Section 2173(g)(2).
(J) Paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 2200a(e).
(K) Section 4348(f).
(L) Section 6959(f).
(M) Section 9348(f).
(N) Subsections (a)(2) and (b) of section 16135.
(O) Section 16203(a)(1)(B).
(P) Section 16301(h).
(Q) Section 16303(d).
(R) Paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 16401(f).
(2) Title 14.--Section 182(g) of title 14, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting ``or 373'' before ``of title 37''.
(b) Officers Appointed Pursuant to an Agreement Under Section 329 of 
Title 37.--Section 641 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraph (6).
(c) Reenlistment Leave.--The matter preceding paragraph (1) of 
section 703(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
``or paragraph (1) or (3) of section 351(a)'' after ``section 
310(a)(2)''.
(d) Rest and Recuperation Absence for Qualified Members Extending 
Duty at Designated Location Overseas.--The matter following paragraph 
(4) of section 705(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``or 352'' after ``section 314''.
(e) Rest and Recuperation Absence for Certain Members Undergoing 
Extended Deployment to Combat Zone.--Section
[[Page 131 STAT. 1427]]
705a(b)(1)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
``or 352(a)'' after ``section 305''.
(f) Additional Incentives for Health Professionals of the Indian 
Health Service.--Section 116(a) of the Indian Health Care Improvement 
Act (25 U.S.C. 1616i(a)) is amended by inserting ``or 335(b)'' after 
``section 302(b)''.
(g) Military Pay and Allowances Continuance While in a Missing 
Status.--Section 552(a)(2) of title 37, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting ``or section 351(a)(2)'' after ``section 301''.
(h) Military Pay and Allowances.--Section 907(d) of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended--
(1) in paragraph (1)--
(A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``or 351'' 
after ``section 301'';
(B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or 352'' 
after ``section 301c'';
(C) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``or 353(a)'' 
after ``section 304'';
(D) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``or 352'' 
after ``section 305'';
(E) in subparagraph (E), by inserting ``or 352'' 
after ``section 305a'';
(F) in subparagraph (F), by inserting ``or 352'' 
after ``section 305b'';
(G) in subparagraph (G), by inserting ``or 352'' 
after ``section 307a'';
(H) in subparagraph (I), by inserting ``or 352'' 
after ``section 314'';
(I) in subparagraph (J), by striking ``316'' and 
inserting ``353(b)''; and
(J) in subparagraph (K), by striking ``323'' and 
inserting ``section 355''; and
(2) in paragraph (2)--
(A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``or 352'' 
after ``section 307'';
(B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``308'' and 
inserting ``331'';
(C) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``309'' and 
inserting ``331''; and
(D) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``or 353'' 
after ``section 320''.
(i) Pay and Allowances of Officers of the Public Health Service.--
Section 208(a)(2) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 210(a)(2)) 
is amended by inserting ``or 373'' after ``303a(b)''.
Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits
SEC. 621. PERMANENT EXTENSION AND COST-OF-LIVING ADJUSTMENTS OF 
SPECIAL SURVIVOR INDEMNITY ALLOWANCES 
UNDER THE SURVIVOR BENEFIT PLAN.
Section 1450(m) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) in paragraph (2)--
(A) in subparagraph (H), by striking ``and'' at the 
end; and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1428]]
(B) by striking subparagraph (I) and inserting the 
following new subparagraphs:
``(I) for months from October 2016 through December 
2018, $310; and
``(J) for months during any calendar year after 
2018, the amount determined in accordance with paragraph 
(6).''; and
(2) by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the following 
new paragraph (6):
``(6) Cost-of-living adjustments after 2018.--
``(A) In general.--The amount of the allowance 
payable under paragraph (1) for months during any 
calendar year beginning after 2018 shall be--
``(i) the amount payable pursuant to paragraph 
(2) for months during the preceding calendar year, 
plus
``(ii) an amount equal to the percentage of 
the amount determined pursuant to clause (i) which 
percentage is equal to the percentage increase in 
retired pay of members and former members of the 
armed forces for such calendar year under section 
1401a of this title.
``(B) Public notice on amount of allowance 
payable.--The Secretary of Defense shall publish in the 
Federal Register each year the amount of the allowance 
payable under paragraph (1) for months in such year by 
reason of the operation of this paragraph.''.
SEC. 622. ADJUSTMENTS TO SURVIVOR BENEFIT PLAN FOR MEMBERS 
ELECTING LUMP SUM PAYMENTS OF RETIRED PAY 
UNDER THE MODERNIZED RETIREMENT SYSTEM FOR 
MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.
(a) Definition of Base Amount.--Section 1447(6)(A) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended in the matter preceding clause (i) by 
inserting ``or 1415(b)(1)(B)'' after ``section 1409(b)(2)''.
(b) Coordination With Reductions in Retired Pay.--Section 1452 of 
such title is amended--
(1) in subsection (a)(1), by inserting ``, other than 
retired pay received as a lump sum under section 1415(b)(1)(A) 
of this title,'' in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) after 
``, the retired pay'';
(2) in subsection (b)(1), by inserting ``, other than 
retired pay received as a lump sum under section 1415(b)(1)(A) 
of this title,'' after ``The retired pay''; and
(3) in subsection (c)--
(A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, other than 
retired pay received as a lump sum under section 
1415(b)(1)(A) of this title,'' after ``The retired 
pay''; and
(B) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``or 
1415(b)(1)(B)'' after ``section 1409(b)(2)''.
SEC. 623. TECHNICAL CORRECTION REGARDING ELECTION TO PARTICIPATE 
IN MODERNIZED RETIREMENT SYSTEM FOR 
RESERVE COMPONENT MEMBERS EXPERIENCING A 
BREAK IN SERVICE.
(a) Persons Experiencing a Break in Service.--Section 
12739(f)(2)(B)(iii) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by
[[Page 131 STAT. 1429]]
striking ``on the date of the reentry'' and inserting ``within 30 days 
after the date of the reentry''.
(b) <>  Effective Date.--The amendment 
made by subsection (a) shall take effect on January 1, 2018, immediately 
after the coming into effect of the amendment made by section 631(b) of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
114-92; 129 Stat. 843), to which the amendment made by subsection (a) 
relates.
SEC. 624. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS TO USE OF MEMBER'S CURRENT PAY 
GRADE AND YEARS OF SERVICE IN A DIVISION 
OF PROPERTY INVOLVING DISPOSABLE RETIRED 
PAY.
(a) In General.--Section 1408 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
(1) in subsection (a)(4)--
(A) in the matter preceding clause (i) of 
subparagraph (A), by striking ``(as determined pursuant 
to subparagraph (B)''; and
(B) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
following new subparagraph (B):
``(B) For purposes of subparagraph (A), in the case of a 
division of property as part of a final decree of divorce, 
dissolution, annulment, or legal separation that becomes final 
prior to the date of a member's retirement, the total monthly 
retired pay to which the member is entitled shall be--
``(i) in the case of a member not described in 
clause (ii), the amount of retired pay to which the 
member would have been entitled using the member's 
retired pay base and years of service on the date of the 
decree of divorce, dissolution, annulment, or legal 
separation, as computed under section 1406 or 1407 of 
this title, whichever is applicable, increased by the 
sum of the cost-of-living adjustments that--
``(I) would have occurred under section 
1401a(b) of this title between the date of the 
decree of divorce, dissolution, annulment, or 
legal separation and the time of the member's 
retirement using the adjustment provisions under 
section 1401a of this title applicable to the 
member upon retirement; and
``(II) occur under 1401a of this title after 
the member's retirement; or
``(ii) in the case of a member who becomes entitled 
to retired pay pursuant to chapter 1223 of this title, 
the amount of retired pay to which the member would have 
been entitled using the member's retired pay base and 
creditable service points on the date of the decree of 
divorce, dissolution, annulment, or legal separation, as 
computer under chapter 1223 of this title, increased by 
the sum of the cost-of-living adjustments as described 
in clause (i) that apply with respect to the member.''; 
and
(2) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following 
new paragraph:
``(8) A division of property award computed as a percentage of a 
member's disposable retired pay shall be increased by the same 
percentage as any cost-of-living adjustment made under section 1401a 
after the member's retirement.''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1430]]
(b) <>  Effective Date.--The amendments 
made by subsection (a) shall take effect on December 23, 2016, as if 
enacted immediately following the enactment of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) to which 
such amendments relate.
(c) <>  Applicability.--The amendments made 
by subsection (a) shall apply with respect to any division of property 
as part of a final decree of divorce, dissolution, annulment, or legal 
separation involving a member of the Armed Forces to which section 1408 
of title 10, United States Code, applies that becomes final after 
December 23, 2016.
SEC. 625. CONTINUATION PAY FOR THE COAST GUARD.
For providing continuation pay for the United States Coast Guard 
under section 356 of title 37, United States Code, funds are hereby 
authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 in the amount of 
$3,286,277.
Subtitle D--Other Matters
SEC. 631. LAND CONVEYANCE AUTHORITY, ARMY AND AIR FORCE EXCHANGE 
SERVICE PROPERTY, DALLAS, TEXAS.
(a) Conveyance Authorized.--The Army and Air Force Exchange Service 
may convey, by sale, exchange, or a combination thereof, all right, 
title, and interest of the United States in and to a parcel of real 
property, including improvements thereon, that--
(1) is located at 8901 Autobahn Drive in Dallas, Texas; and
(2) was purchased using nonappropriated funds of the Army 
and Air Force Exchange Service.
(b) Consideration.--
(1) In general.--Consideration for the real property 
conveyed under subsection (a) shall be at least equal to the 
fair market value of the property, as determined by the Army and 
Air Force Exchange Service.
(2) Treatment of cash consideration.--Notwithstanding 
section 574 of title 40, United States Code, any cash 
consideration received from the conveyance of the property under 
subsection (a) may be retained by the Army and Air Force 
Exchange Service because the property was acquired using 
nonappropriated funds.
(c) Description of Property.--The exact acreage and legal 
description of the real property to be conveyed under subsection (a) 
shall be determined by a survey satisfactory to the Army and Air Force 
Exchange Service. The recipient of the property shall be required to 
cover the cost of the survey.
(d) Additional Terms and Conditions.--The Army and Air Force 
Exchange Service may require such additional terms and conditions in 
connection with the conveyance under subsection (a) as the Army and Air 
Force Exchange Service considers appropriate to protect the interests of 
the United States.
(e) Inapplicability of Certain Provisions of Law.--Section 2696 of 
title 10, United States Code, shall not apply to a conveyance of 
property under this section.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1431]]
SEC. 632. AUTHORITY FOR THE SECRETARIES OF THE MILITARY 
DEPARTMENTS TO PROVIDE FOR CARE OF REMAINS 
OF THOSE WHO DIE ON ACTIVE DUTY AND ARE 
INTERRED IN A FOREIGN CEMETERY.
Section 1482(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
``(10) In the case of a decedent under the jurisdiction of a 
Secretary of a military department at the time of death, 
enduring care of remains interred in a foreign cemetery if the 
burial location was designated by such Secretary.''.
SEC. 633. CONSTRUCTION OF DOMESTIC SOURCE REQUIREMENT FOR FOOTWEAR 
FURNISHED TO ENLISTED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
FORCES ON INITIAL ENTRY INTO THE ARMED 
FORCES.
Section 418(d) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new paragraphs:
``(4) This subsection does not apply to the furnishing of athletic 
footwear to members of the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, or the Marine 
Corps upon their initial entry into the armed forces, or prohibit the 
provision of a cash allowance to such members for such purpose, if the 
Secretary of Defense determines that compliance with paragraph (2) would 
result in a sole source contract for procurement of athletic footwear 
for the purpose stated in paragraph (1) because there would be only a 
sole certified source of supply for such footwear.
``(5) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that all procurements of 
athletic footwear to which this subsection applies are made using firm 
fixed price contracts.''.
SEC. 634. <>  REVIEW AND UPDATE OF 
REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEBT COLLECTORS 
INTERACTIONS WITH UNIT COMMANDERS OF 
MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall review and update Department of Defense 
Directive 1344.09 and any associated regulations to ensure that such 
regulations comply with Federal consumer protection laws with respect to 
the collection of debt.
TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS
Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits
Sec. 701. Continued access to medical care at facilities of the 
uniformed services for certain members of the reserve 
components.
Sec. 702. Modifications of cost-sharing requirements for the TRICARE 
Pharmacy Benefits Program and treatment of certain 
pharmaceutical agents.
Sec. 703. Provision of hyperbaric oxygen therapy for certain members of 
the Armed Forces.
Sec. 704. Specification that individuals under the age of 21 are 
eligible for hospice care services under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 705. Physical examinations for members of a reserve component who 
are separating from the Armed Forces.
Sec. 706. Mental health assessments before members separate from the 
Armed Forces.
Sec. 707. Expansion of sexual trauma counseling and treatment for 
members of the reserve components.
Sec. 708. Expedited evaluation and treatment for prenatal surgery under 
the TRICARE program.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1432]]
Subtitle B--Health Care Administration
Sec. 711. Maintenance of inpatient capabilities of military medical 
treatment facilities located outside the United States.
Sec. 712. Modification of priority for evaluation and treatment of 
individuals at military treatment facilities.
Sec. 713. Clarification of administration of military medical treatment 
facilities.
Sec. 714. Regular update of prescription drug pricing standard under 
TRICARE retail pharmacy program.
Sec. 715. Modification of execution of TRICARE contracting 
responsibilities.
Sec. 716. Additional emergency uses for medical products to reduce 
deaths and severity of injuries caused by agents of war.
Sec. 717. Modification of determination of average wait times at urgent 
care clinics and pharmacies at military medical treatment 
facilities under pilot program.
Sec. 718. Requirement for reimbursement by Department of Defense to 
entities carrying out State vaccination programs for costs of 
vaccines provided to covered beneficiaries.
Sec. 719. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration 
Fund.
Sec. 720. Residency requirements for podiatrists.
Sec. 721. Authorization of physical therapist assistants and 
occupational therapy assistants to provide services under the 
TRICARE program.
Sec. 722. Selection of military commanders and directors of military 
medical treatment facilities.
Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters
Sec. 731. Pilot program on health care assistance system.
Sec. 732. Feasibility study on conduct of pilot program on mental health 
readiness of part-time members of the reserve components of 
the Armed Forces.
Sec. 733. Report on plan to improve pediatric care and related services 
for children of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 734. Longitudinal medical study on blast pressure exposure of 
members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 735. Study on safe opioid prescribing practices.
Sec. 736. Report on implementation of GAO recommendations.
Sec. 737. Declassification by Department of Defense of certain incidents 
of exposure of members of the Armed Forces to toxic 
substances.
Sec. 738. Coordination by Veterans Health Administration of efforts to 
understand effects of burn pits.
Sec. 739. TRICARE technical amendments.
Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits
SEC. 701. CONTINUED ACCESS TO MEDICAL CARE AT FACILITIES OF THE 
UNIFORMED SERVICES FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF 
THE RESERVE COMPONENTS.
(a) TRICARE Reserve Select.--Paragraph (2) of section 1076d(f) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``(2) The term `TRICARE Reserve Select' means--
``(A) medical care at facilities of the uniformed 
services to which a dependent described in section 
1076(a)(2) of this title is entitled; and
``(B) health benefits under the TRICARE Select self-
managed, preferred provider network option under section 
1075 of this title made available to beneficiaries by 
reason of this section and subject to the cost-sharing 
requirements set forth in such section 1075.''.
(b) TRICARE Retired Reserve.--Section 1076e is amended--
(1) In subsection (b), in the subsection heading, by 
striking ``Retired Reserve'';
(2) In subsection (c), by striking ``Retired Reserve'' the 
last place it appears; and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1433]]
(3) in subsection (f), by striking paragraph (2) and 
inserting the following:
``(2) The term `TRICARE Retired Reserve' means--
``(A) medical care at facilities of the uniformed 
services to which a dependent described in section 
1076(a)(2) of this title is entitled; and
``(B) health benefits under the TRICARE Select self-
managed, preferred provider network option under section 
1075 of this title made available to beneficiaries by 
reason of this section and subject to the cost-sharing 
requirements set forth in such section 1075.''.
SEC. 702. MODIFICATIONS OF COST-SHARING REQUIREMENTS FOR THE 
TRICARE PHARMACY BENEFITS PROGRAM AND 
TREATMENT OF CERTAIN PHARMACEUTICAL 
AGENTS.
(a) In General.--Paragraph (6) of section 1074g(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``(6)(A) In the case of any of the years 2018 through 2027, the 
cost-sharing amounts under this subsection for eligible covered 
beneficiaries shall be determined in accordance with the following 
table:
------------------------------------------------------------------------
The cost-
The cost-                sharing                 The cost-
sharing    The cost-     amount    The cost-     sharing
amount     sharing    for a 90-    sharing     amount for
for a 30-   amount for     day      amount for    a 90-day
``For:       day       a 30-day   supply of    a 90-day   supply of a
supply of  supply of a    a mail   supply of a   mail order
a retail     retail      order     mail order      non-
generic    formulary    generic    formulary    formulary
is:         is:         is:         is:          is:
------------------------------------------------------------------------
2018          $11         $28          $7         $24          $53
------------------------------------------------------------------------
2019          $11         $28          $7         $24          $53
------------------------------------------------------------------------
2020          $13         $33         $10         $29          $60
------------------------------------------------------------------------
2021          $13         $33         $10         $29          $60
------------------------------------------------------------------------
2022          $14         $38         $12         $34          $68
------------------------------------------------------------------------
2023          $14         $38         $12         $34          $68
------------------------------------------------------------------------
2024          $16         $43         $13         $38          $76
------------------------------------------------------------------------
2025          $16         $43         $13         $38          $76
------------------------------------------------------------------------
2026          $16         $48         $14         $44          $85
------------------------------------------------------------------------
2027          $16         $48         $14         $44          $85
------------------------------------------------------------------------
``(B) For any year after 2027, the cost-sharing amounts under this 
subsection for eligible covered beneficiaries shall be equal to the 
cost-sharing amounts for the previous year adjusted by an amount, if 
any, determined by the Secretary to reflect changes in the costs of 
pharmaceutical agents and prescription dispensing, rounded to the 
nearest dollar.
``(C) Notwithstanding subparagraphs (A) and (B), the cost-sharing 
amounts under this subsection for a dependent of a member
[[Page 131 STAT. 1434]]
of the uniformed services who dies while on active duty, a member 
retired under chapter 61 of this title, or a dependent of a member 
retired under such chapter shall be equal to the cost-sharing amounts, 
if any, for 2017.''.
(b) Treatment of Certain Pharmaceutical Agents.--
(1) Pharmacy benefits program.--Such section is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
``(10) Notwithstanding paragraphs (2), (5), and (6), in order to 
encourage the use by covered beneficiaries of pharmaceutical agents that 
provide the best clinical effectiveness to covered beneficiaries and the 
Department of Defense (as determined by the Secretary, including 
considerations of better care, healthier people, and smarter spending), 
the Secretary may, upon the recommendation of the Pharmacy and 
Therapeutics Committee established under subsection (b) and review by 
the Uniform Formulary Beneficiary Advisory Panel established under 
subsection (c)--
``(A) exclude from the pharmacy benefits program any 
pharmaceutical agent that the Secretary determines provides very 
little or no clinical effectiveness to covered beneficiaries and 
the Department under the program; and
``(B) give preferential status to any non-generic 
pharmaceutical agent on the uniform formulary by treating it, 
for purposes of cost-sharing under paragraph (6), as a generic 
product under the TRICARE retail pharmacy program and mail order 
pharmacy program.''.
(2) Medical contracts.--Section 1079 of such title is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
``(q) In the case of any pharmaceutical agent (as defined in section 
1074g(g) of this title) provided under a contract entered into under 
this section by a physician, in an outpatient department of a hospital, 
or otherwise as part of any medical services provided under such a 
contract, the Secretary of Defense may, under regulations prescribed by 
the Secretary, adopt special reimbursement methods, amounts, and 
procedures to encourage the use of high-value products and discourage 
the use of low-value products, as determined by the Secretary.''.
(3) <>  Regulations.--In order to 
implement expeditiously the reforms authorized by the amendments 
made by paragraphs (1) and (2), the Secretary of Defense may 
prescribe such changes to the regulations implementing the 
TRICARE program (as defined in section 1072 of title 10, United 
States Code) as the Secretary considers appropriate--
(A) by prescribing an interim final rule; and
(B) not later than one year after prescribing such 
interim final rule and considering public comments with 
respect to such interim final rule, by prescribing a 
final rule.
SEC. 703. PROVISION OF HYPERBARIC OXYGEN THERAPY FOR CERTAIN 
MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
(a) HBOT Treatment.--
(1) In general.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting after section 1074n the following new 
section:
[[Page 131 STAT. 1435]]
``Sec. 1074o. <>  Provision of hyperbaric 
oxygen therapy for certain members
``(a) In General.--The Secretary may furnish hyperbaric oxygen 
therapy available at a military medical treatment facility to a covered 
member if such therapy is prescribed by a physician to treat post-
traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury.
``(b) Covered Member Defined.--In this section, the term `covered 
member' means a member of the armed forces who is--
``(1) serving on active duty; and
``(2) diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder or 
traumatic brain injury.''.
(2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such chapter <>  is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 1074n 
the following new item:
``1074o. Provision of hyperbaric oxygen therapy for certain members.''.
(b) <>  Effective Date.--The amendments 
made by subsection (a) shall take effect 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
SEC. 704. SPECIFICATION THAT INDIVIDUALS UNDER THE AGE OF 21 ARE 
ELIGIBLE FOR HOSPICE CARE SERVICES UNDER 
THE TRICARE PROGRAM.
Section 1079(a)(15) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting before the period at the end the following: ``, except that 
hospice care may be provided to an individual under the age of 21 
concurrently with health care services or hospitalization for the same 
condition''.
SEC. 705. PHYSICAL EXAMINATIONS FOR MEMBERS OF A RESERVE COMPONENT 
WHO ARE SEPARATING FROM THE ARMED FORCES.
Section 1145 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
(e) and (f), respectively; and
(2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
subsection (d):
``(d) Physical Examinations for Certain Members of a Reserve 
Component.--(1) The Secretary concerned shall provide a physical 
examination pursuant to subsection (a)(5) to each member of a reserve 
component who--
``(A) during the two-year period before the date on which 
the member is scheduled to be separated from the armed forces 
served on active duty in support of a contingency operation for 
a period of more than 30 days;
``(B) will not otherwise receive such an examination under 
such subsection; and
``(C) elects to receive such a physical examination.
``(2) The Secretary concerned shall--
``(A) provide the physical examination under paragraph (1) 
to a member during the 90-day period before the date on which 
the member is scheduled to be separated from the armed forces; 
and
``(B) issue orders to such a member to receive such physical 
examination.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1436]]
``(3) A member may not be entitled to health care benefits pursuant 
to subsection (a), (b), or (c) solely by reason of being provided a 
physical examination under paragraph (1).
``(4) In providing to a member a physical examination under 
paragraph (1), the Secretary concerned shall provide to the member a 
record of the physical examination.''.
SEC. 706. MENTAL HEALTH ASSESSMENTS BEFORE MEMBERS SEPARATE FROM 
THE ARMED FORCES.
(a) In General.--Section 1145(a)(5)(A) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting ``and a mental health assessment conducted 
pursuant to section 1074n of this title'' after ``a physical 
examination''.
(b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1074n(a) of such title is amended 
by inserting ``(and before separation from active duty pursuant to 
section 1145(a)(5)(A) of this title)'' after ``each calendar year''.
SEC. 707. EXPANSION OF SEXUAL TRAUMA COUNSELING AND TREATMENT FOR 
MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE COMPONENTS.
Section 1720D(a)(2)(A) of title 38, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by striking ``on active duty''; and
(2) by inserting before the period at the end the following: 
``that was suffered by the member while serving on active duty, 
active duty for training, or inactive duty training''.
SEC. 708. <>  EXPEDITED EVALUATION AND 
TREATMENT FOR PRENATAL SURGERY UNDER THE 
TRICARE PROGRAM.
(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall implement processes 
and procedures to ensure that a covered beneficiary under the TRICARE 
program whose pregnancy is complicated with (or suspected of 
complication with) a fetal condition may elect to receive expedited 
evaluation, nondirective counseling, and medical treatment from a 
perinatal or pediatric specialist capable of providing surgical 
management and intervention in utero.
(b) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``covered beneficiary'' 
and ``TRICARE program'' have the meanings given those terms in section 
1072 of title 10, United States Code.
Subtitle B--Health Care Administration
SEC. 711. MAINTENANCE OF INPATIENT CAPABILITIES OF MILITARY 
MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES LOCATED 
OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES.
Section 1073d of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
``(e) Maintenance of Inpatient Capabilities at Military Medical 
Treatment Facilities Located Outside the United States.--(1) In carrying 
out subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that each 
covered facility maintains, at a minimum, inpatient capabilities that 
the Secretary determines are similar to the inpatient capabilities of 
such facility on September 30, 2016.
``(2) The Secretary may not eliminate the inpatient capabilities of 
a covered facility until the day that is 180 days after the Secretary 
provides a briefing to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives regarding the proposed
[[Page 131 STAT. 1437]]
elimination. During any such briefing, the Secretary shall certify the 
following:
``(A) The Secretary has entered into agreements with 
hospitals or medical centers in the host nation of such covered 
facility that--
``(i) replace the inpatient capabilities the 
Secretary proposes to eliminate; and
``(ii) ensure members of the armed forces and 
covered beneficiaries who receive health care from such 
covered facility, have, within a distance the Secretary 
determines is reasonable, access to quality health care, 
including case management and translation services.
``(B) The Secretary has consulted with the commander of the 
geographic combatant command in which such covered facility is 
located to ensure that the proposed elimination would have no 
impact on the operational plan for such geographic combatant 
command.
``(C) Before the Secretary eliminates the inpatient 
capabilities of such covered facility, the Secretary shall 
provide each member of the armed forces or covered beneficiary 
who receives health care from the covered facility with--
``(i) a transition plan for continuity of health 
care for such member or covered beneficiary; and
``(ii) a public forum to discuss the concerns of the 
member or covered beneficiary regarding the proposed 
reduction.
``(3) In this subsection, the term `covered facility' means a 
military medical treatment facility located outside the United 
States.''.
SEC. 712. MODIFICATION OF PRIORITY FOR EVALUATION AND TREATMENT OF 
INDIVIDUALS AT MILITARY TREATMENT 
FACILITIES.
Subsection (b) of section 717 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) <>  is amended to read as follows:
``(b) Priority of Covered Beneficiaries.--
``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
evaluation and treatment of covered beneficiaries at military 
treatment facilities shall be prioritized ahead of the 
evaluation and treatment of veterans and civilians at such 
facilities under subsection (a).
``(2) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the requirement under 
paragraph (1) in order to provide timely evaluation and 
treatment for individuals who are--
``(A) severely wounded or injured by acts of terror 
that occur in the United States; or
``(B) residents of the United States who are 
severely wounded or injured by acts of terror outside 
the United States.''.
SEC. 713. CLARIFICATION OF ADMINISTRATION OF MILITARY MEDICAL 
TREATMENT FACILITIES.
Section 1073c(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) in paragraph (1)(E), by striking ``miliary'' and 
inserting ``military'';
[[Page 131 STAT. 1438]]
(2) in paragraph (2), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
(A), by striking ``commander'' and inserting ``military 
commander or director''; and
(3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
``(4) If the Secretary of Defense determines it appropriate, a 
military director (or any other senior military officer or officers) of 
a military medical treatment facility may be a commanding officer for 
purposes of chapter 47 of this title (the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice) with respect to military personnel assigned to the military 
medical treatment facility.''.
SEC. 714. REGULAR UPDATE OF PRESCRIPTION DRUG PRICING STANDARD 
UNDER TRICARE RETAIL PHARMACY PROGRAM.
Section 1074g(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
``(3) With respect to the TRICARE retail pharmacy program described 
in subsection (a)(2)(E)(ii), the Secretary shall ensure that a contract 
entered into with a TRICARE pharmacy program contractor includes 
requirements described in section 1860D-12(b)(6) of the Social Security 
Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w-112(b)(6)) to ensure the provision of information 
regarding the pricing standard for prescription drugs.''.
SEC. 715. MODIFICATION OF EXECUTION OF TRICARE CONTRACTING 
RESPONSIBILITIES.
Subsection (b) of section 705 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) <>  is amended to read as follows:
``(b) Execution of Contracting Responsibility.--With respect to any 
acquisition of managed care support services under the TRICARE program 
initiated after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018, the Under Secretary of Defense 
for Acquisition and Sustainment shall be responsible for--
``(1) decisions relating to such acquisition;
``(2) approving the acquisition strategy; and
``(3) conducting pre-solicitation, pre-award, and post-award 
acquisition reviews.''.
SEC. 716. ADDITIONAL EMERGENCY USES FOR MEDICAL PRODUCTS TO REDUCE 
DEATHS AND SEVERITY OF INJURIES CAUSED BY 
AGENTS OF WAR.
Section 1107a of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
``(d) Additional Authority to Reduce Deaths and Severity of Injuries 
Caused by Agents of War.--(1) In a case in which an emergency use of an 
unapproved product or an emergency unapproved use of an approved product 
cannot be authorized under section 564 of the Federal Food, Drug, and 
Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 360bbb-3) because the emergency does not involve 
an actual or threatened attack with a biological, chemical, 
radiological, or nuclear agent or agents, the Secretary of Defense may 
authorize an emergency use outside the United States of the product to 
reduce the number of deaths or the severity of harm to members of the 
armed forces (or individuals associated with deployed members of the 
armed forces) caused by a risk or agent of war.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1439]]
``(2) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, an 
authorization by the Secretary under paragraph (1) shall have the same 
effect with respect to the armed forces as an emergency use 
authorization under section 564 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic 
Act (21 U.S.C. 360bbb-3).
``(3) The Secretary may issue an authorization under paragraph (1) 
with respect to the emergency use of an unapproved product or the 
emergency unapproved use of an approved product only if--
``(A) the committee established under paragraph (5) has 
recommended that the Secretary issue the authorization; and
``(B) the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs 
makes a written determination, after consultation with the 
Commissioner of Food and Drugs, that, based on the totality of 
scientific evidence available to the Assistant Secretary, 
criteria comparable to those specified in section 564(c) of the 
Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 360bbb-3(c)) 
have been met.
``(4) With respect to the emergency use of an unapproved product or 
the emergency unapproved use of an approved product under this 
subsection, the Secretary of Defense shall establish such scope, 
conditions, and terms under this subsection as the Secretary considers 
appropriate, including scope, conditions, and terms comparable to those 
specified in section 564 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 
U.S.C. 360bbb-3).
``(5)(A) There is established in the Department of Defense a 
Department of Defense Emergency Use Authorization Committee (in this 
paragraph referred to as the `Committee') to advise the Assistant 
Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs on proposed authorizations under 
this subsection.
``(B) Members of the Committee shall be appointed by the Secretary 
of Defense and shall consist of prominent health care professionals who 
are not employees of the Department of Defense (other than for purposes 
of serving as a member of the Committee).
``(C) The Committee may be established as a subcommittee of another 
Federal advisory committee.
``(6) In this subsection:
``(A) The term `biological product' has the meaning given 
that term in section 351(i) of the Public Health Service Act (42 
U.S.C. 262(i)).
``(B) The terms `device' and `drug' have the meanings given 
those terms in section 201 of the Federal Food, Drug, and 
Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321).
``(C) The term `product' means a drug, device, or biological 
product.
``(D) The terms `unapproved product' and `unapproved use of 
an approved product' have the meanings given those terms in 
section 564(a)(4) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act 
(21 U.S.C. 360bbb-3(a)(4)).''.
SEC. 717. <>  MODIFICATION OF 
DETERMINATION OF AVERAGE WAIT TIMES AT 
URGENT CARE CLINICS AND PHARMACIES AT 
MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES 
UNDER PILOT PROGRAM.
(a) Urgent Care Clinics.--Subsection (c)(2) of section 744 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-
328) is amended to read as follows:
[[Page 131 STAT. 1440]]
``(2) Determination.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
Secretary shall determine the average wait time to display under 
such paragraph by using a formula derived from best practices in 
the health care industry.''.
(b) Pharmacies.--Subsection (d)(2) of such section is amended to 
read as follows:
``(2) Determination.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
Secretary shall determine the average wait time to display under 
such paragraph by using a formula derived from best practices in 
the health care industry.''.
SEC. 718. REQUIREMENT FOR REIMBURSEMENT BY DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
TO ENTITIES CARRYING OUT STATE VACCINATION 
PROGRAMS FOR COSTS OF VACCINES PROVIDED TO 
COVERED BENEFICIARIES.
Section 719 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1074g note) is amended--
(1) in the section heading, by striking ``authorization of 
reimbursement'' and inserting ``reimbursement''; and
(2) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``may'' and inserting 
``shall''.
SEC. 719. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR JOINT DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-
DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL 
FACILITY DEMONSTRATION FUND.
Section 1704(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2573), as amended by section 722 
of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291), section 723 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public 
Law 114-92), and section 741(a) of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), is further amended by 
striking ``September 30, 2018'' and inserting ``September 30, 2019''.
SEC. 720. <>  RESIDENCY REQUIREMENTS FOR 
PODIATRISTS.
(a) Requirement.--In addition to any other qualification required by 
law or regulation, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that to serve 
as a podiatrist in the Armed Forces, an individual must have 
successfully completed a three-year podiatric medicine and surgical 
residency.
(b) Application.--Subsection (a) shall apply with respect to an 
individual who is commissioned as an officer in the Armed Forces on or 
after the date that is one year after the date of the enactment of this 
Act.
SEC. 721. <>  AUTHORIZATION OF PHYSICAL 
THERAPIST ASSISTANTS AND OCCUPATIONAL 
THERAPY ASSISTANTS TO PROVIDE SERVICES 
UNDER THE TRICARE PROGRAM.
(a) Addition to List of Authorized Professional Providers of Care.--
The Secretary of Defense shall revise section 199.6(c) of title 32, Code 
of Federal Regulations, as in effect on the date of the enactment of 
this Act, to add to the list of individual professional providers of 
care who are authorized to provide services to beneficiaries under the 
TRICARE program, as defined in section 1072 of title 10, United States 
Code, the following types of health care practitioners:
[[Page 131 STAT. 1441]]
(1) Licensed or certified physical therapist assistants who 
meet the qualifications for physical therapist assistants 
specified in section 484.4 of title 42, Code of Federal 
Regulations, or any successor regulation, to furnish services 
under the supervision of a physical therapist.
(2) Licensed or certified occupational therapy assistants 
who meet the qualifications for occupational therapy assistants 
specified in such section 484.4, or any successor regulation, to 
furnish services under the supervision of an occupational 
therapist.
(b) Supervision.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish in 
regulations requirements for the supervision of physical therapist 
assistants and occupational therapy assistants, respectively, by 
physical therapists and occupational therapists, respectively.
(c) Manuals and Other Guidance.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
update the CHAMPVA Policy Manual and other relevant manuals and 
subregulatory guidance of the Department of Defense to carry out the 
revisions and requirements of this section.
SEC. 722. <>  SELECTION OF MILITARY 
COMMANDERS AND DIRECTORS OF MILITARY 
MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES.
(a) In General.--Not later than January 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, shall establish the common qualifications and core 
competencies required for an individual to serve as a military commander 
or director of a military medical treatment facility.
(b) Objective.--The objective of the Secretary under this section 
shall be to ensure that each individual selected to serve as a military 
commander or director of a military medical treatment facility is highly 
qualified to serve as health system executive.
(c) Standards.--In establishing common qualifications and core 
competencies under subsection (a), the Secretary shall include standards 
with respect to the following:
(1) Professional competence.
(2) Moral and ethical integrity and character.
(3) Formal education in health care executive leadership and 
in health care management.
(4) Such other matters the Secretary determines to be 
appropriate.
Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters
SEC. 731. <>  PILOT PROGRAM ON HEALTH 
CARE ASSISTANCE SYSTEM.
(a) Pilot Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a pilot 
program to provide a health care assistance service to certain covered 
beneficiaries enrolled in TRICARE Select using purchased care to improve 
the health outcomes and patient experience for covered beneficiaries 
with complex medical conditions.
(b) Elements.--The pilot program under subsection (a) may include 
the following elements:
(1) Assisting beneficiaries with complex medical conditions 
to understand and use the health benefits under the TRICARE 
program.
(2) Supporting such beneficiaries in accessing and 
navigating the purchased care health care delivery system.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1442]]
(3) Providing such beneficiaries with information to allow 
the beneficiaries to make informed decisions regarding the 
quality, safety, and cost of available health care services.
(4) Improving the health outcomes for such beneficiaries.
(c) Duration.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot program for 
an amount of time determined appropriate by the Secretary during the 
five-year period beginning 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.
(d) Report.--Not later than January 1, 2021, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate a report containing an evaluation of the 
success of the pilot program under subsection (a), including--
(1) an analysis of the implementation of the elements under 
subsection (b); and
(2) the feasibility of incorporating such elements into 
TRICARE support contracts.
(e) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``covered 
beneficiary'', ``TRICARE program'', and ``TRICARE Select'' have the 
meaning given those terms in section 1072 of title 10, United States 
Code.
SEC. 732. FEASIBILITY STUDY ON CONDUCT OF PILOT PROGRAM ON MENTAL 
HEALTH READINESS OF PART-TIME MEMBERS OF 
THE RESERVE COMPONENTS OF THE ARMED 
FORCES.
(a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
feasibility study and cost estimate for a pilot program that uses 
predictive analytics and screening to identify mental health risk and 
provide early, targeted intervention for part-time members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces to improve readiness and mission 
success.
(b) Elements.--The feasibility study conducted under subsection (a) 
shall include elements to assess the following with respect to the pilot 
program studied under such subsection:
(1) The anticipated improvement in quality of behavioral 
health services for part-time members of the reserve components 
of the Armed Forces and the impact of such improvement in 
quality of behavioral health services on their families and 
employers.
(2) The anticipated impact on the culture surrounding 
behavioral health treatment and help-seeking behavior.
(3) The feasibility of embedding mental health professionals 
with units that--
(A) perform core mission sets and capabilities; and
(B) carry out high-risk and high-demand missions.
(4) The particular preventative mental health needs of units 
at different states of their operational readiness cycle.
(5) The need for additional personnel of the Department of 
Defense to implement the pilot program.
(6) The cost of implementing the pilot program throughout 
the reserve components of the Armed Forces.
(7) The benefits of an integrated operational support team 
for the Air National Guard and Army National Guard units.
(c) Comparison to Full-time Members of Reserve Components.--As part 
of the feasibility study conducted under subsection (a), the Secretary 
shall assess the mental health risk of part-time members of the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces
[[Page 131 STAT. 1443]]
as compared to full-time members of the reserve components of the Armed 
Forces.
(d) Use of Existing Models.--In conducting the feasibility study 
under subsection (a), the Secretary, to the extent practicable, shall 
make use of existing models for preventative mental health care.
SEC. 733. REPORT ON PLAN TO IMPROVE PEDIATRIC CARE AND RELATED 
SERVICES FOR CHILDREN OF MEMBERS OF THE 
ARMED FORCES.
(a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report setting forth a plan of the Department of 
Defense to improve pediatric care and related services for children of 
members of the Armed Forces.
(b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
(1) In order to ensure that children receive developmentally 
appropriate and age-appropriate health care services from the 
Department, a plan to align preventive pediatric care under the 
TRICARE program with--
(A) standards for such care as required by the 
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Public Law 
111-148);
(B) guidelines established for such care by the 
Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment 
program under the Medicaid program carried out under 
title XIX of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et 
seq.); and
(C) recommendations by organizations that specialize 
in pediatrics.
(2) A plan to develop a uniform definition of ``pediatric 
medical necessity'' for the Department that aligns with 
recommendations of organizations that specialize in pediatrics 
in order to ensure that a consistent definition of such term is 
used in providing health care in military treatment facilities 
and by health care providers under the TRICARE program.
(3) A plan to develop measures to evaluate and improve 
access to pediatric care, coordination of pediatric care, and 
health outcomes for such children.
(4) A plan to include an assessment of access to pediatric 
specialty care in the annual report to Congress on the 
effectiveness of the TRICARE program.
(5) A plan to improve the quality of and access to 
behavioral health care under the TRICARE program for children of 
members of the Armed Forces, including intensive outpatient and 
partial hospitalization services.
(6) A plan to mitigate the impact of permanent changes of 
station and other service-related relocations of members of the 
Armed Forces on the continuity of health care services received 
by such children who have special medical or behavioral health 
needs.
(7) A plan to mitigate deficiencies in data collection, data 
utilization, and data analysis to improve pediatric care and 
related services for children of members of the Armed Forces.
(c) TRICARE Program Defined.--In this section, the term ``TRICARE 
program'' has the meaning given such term in section 1072 of title 10, 
United States Code.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1444]]
SEC. 734. LONGITUDINAL MEDICAL STUDY ON BLAST PRESSURE EXPOSURE OF 
MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
longitudinal medical study on blast pressure exposure of members of the 
Armed Forces during combat and training, including members who train 
with any high overpressure weapon system, such as anti-tank recoilless 
rifles or heavy-caliber sniper rifles.
(b) Elements.--The study required under subsection (a) shall--
(1) monitor, record, and analyze data on blast pressure 
exposure for any member of the Armed Forces who is likely to be 
exposed to a blast in training or combat;
(2) assess the feasibility and advisability of including 
blast exposure history as part of the service record of a 
member, as a blast exposure log, in order to ensure that, if 
medical issues arise later, the member receives care for any 
service-connected injuries; and
(3) review the safety precautions surrounding heavy weapons 
training to account for emerging research on blast exposure and 
the effects of such exposure on cognitive performance of members 
of the Armed Forces.
(c) Reports.--
(1) Interim report.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives an interim report on the study methods and 
action plan for the study under subsection (a).
(2) Final report.--Not later than four years after the date 
the Secretary begins the study under subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
results of such study.
SEC. 735. STUDY ON SAFE OPIOID PRESCRIBING PRACTICES.
(a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study on the 
effectiveness of the training provided to military health care providers 
regarding opioid prescribing practices, initiatives in opioid safety, 
the use of the VA/DOD Clinical Practice Guideline for Management of 
Opioid Therapy for Chronic Pain, and other related training.
(b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall address the 
effectiveness of training with respect to the following:
(1) Identifying and treating individuals with chronic pain.
(2) Reducing the total number of prescription opioids 
dispensed by the Department of Defense to beneficiaries of 
health care furnished by the Department.
(3) Prescribing practices for opioid analgesic therapy, 
including--
(A) reducing average dosage sizes;
(B) reducing the average number of dosages;
(C) reducing initial and average durations of opioid 
analgesic therapy;
(D) reducing dose escalation when opioid analgesic 
therapy results in adequate pain reduction; and
(E) reducing the average number of prescription 
opioid analgesics dispensed by the Department of 
Defense.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1445]]
(4) Reducing the number of overdoses due to prescription 
opioids for patients with acute pain and patients undergoing 
opioid therapy for chronic pain.
(5) Providing counseling and referrals to treatment 
alternatives to opioid analgesics.
(6) Providing education on the risks of opioid medications 
to individuals for whom such medications are prescribed, and to 
their families, with special consideration given to raising 
awareness among adolescents on such risks.
(7) Effectiveness in communicating to military health care 
providers changes in policies of the Department of Defense 
regarding opioid safety and prescribing practices.
(c) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall also consider the 
feasibility and advisability of further strengthening opioid prescribing 
practices by means of the following:
(1) Developing and implementing a physician advisory 
committee of the Department of Defense regarding education 
programs for prescribers of opioid analgesics.
(2) Developing methods to encourage health care providers of 
the Department to use physical therapy or alternative methods to 
treat acute or chronic pain.
(3) Developing curricula regarding pain management and safe 
opioid analgesic prescription practices that incorporate opioid 
analgesic prescribing guidelines issued by the Centers for 
Disease Control and Prevention.
(d) Briefing.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a briefing 
on the results of the study under subsection (a) and the assessment 
under subsection (c).
SEC. 736. REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF GAO RECOMMENDATIONS.
Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit a report to the congressional 
defense committees on the implementation by the Department of Defense of 
the recommendations from the Government Accountability Office report 
entitled ``Actions Needed to Ensure Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and 
Traumatic Brain Injury Are Considered in Misconduct Separations'' and 
published May 16, 2017.
SEC. 737. <>  DECLASSIFICATION BY 
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OF CERTAIN INCIDENTS 
OF EXPOSURE OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
TO TOXIC SUBSTANCES.
(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
declassification review of documents related to any known incident in 
which not fewer than 100 members of the Armed Forces were intentionally 
exposed to a toxic substance that resulted in at least one case of a 
disability that a member of the medical profession has determined to be 
associated with that toxic substance.
(b) Limitation.--The declassification required by subsection (a) 
shall be limited to information necessary for an individual who was 
potentially exposed to a toxic substance to determine the following:
(1) Whether that individual was exposed to that toxic 
substance.
(2) The potential severity of the exposure of that 
individual to that toxic substance.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1446]]
(3) Any potential health conditions that may have resulted 
from exposure to that toxic substance.
(c) Exception.--The Secretary of Defense is not required to 
declassify documents under subsection (a) if the Secretary determines 
that declassification of those documents would materially and 
immediately threaten the security of the United States.
(d) Definitions.--In this section:
(1) Armed forces.--The term ``Armed Forces'' has the meaning 
given that term in section 101 of title 10, United States Code.
(2) Exposed.--The term ``exposed'' means, with respect to a 
toxic substance, that an individual came into contact with that 
toxic substance in a manner that could be hazardous to the 
health of that individual, that may include if that toxic 
substance was inhaled, ingested, or touched the skin or eyes.
(3) Exposure.--The term ``exposure'' means, with respect to 
a toxic substance, an event during which an individual was 
exposed to that toxic substance.
(4) Toxic substance.--The term ``toxic substance'' means any 
substance determined by the Administrator of the Environmental 
Protection Agency to be harmful to the environment or hazardous 
to the health of an individual if inhaled or ingested by or 
absorbed through the skin of that individual.
SEC. 738. <>  COORDINATION BY VETERANS 
HEALTH ADMINISTRATION OF EFFORTS TO 
UNDERSTAND EFFECTS OF BURN PITS.
The Under Secretary for Health of the Department of Veterans 
Affairs, acting through the Office of Public Health of the Veterans 
Health Administration, shall coordinate efforts related to furthering 
understanding of burn pits, the effect of burn pits on veterans, and 
effective treatments relating to such effects, including with respect to 
research efforts and training of clinical staff on related matters.
SEC. 739. TRICARE TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.
(a) Definition of TRICARE Standard.--Paragraph (15) of section 1072 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``(15) The term `TRICARE Standard' means the TRICARE program 
made available prior to January 1, 2018, covering health 
benefits contracted for under the authority of section 1079(a) 
or 1086(a) of this title and subject to the same rates and 
conditions as apply to persons covered under those sections.''.
(b) Cost-sharing Amounts.--
(1) TRICARE select.--
(A) Allowance of cost-sharing amounts as determined 
by the secretary.--Subsection (d) of section 1075 of 
such title is amended by adding at the end the following 
new paragraph:
``(4) The cost-sharing requirements applicable to services not 
specifically addressed in the table set forth in paragraph (1) shall be 
established by the Secretary.''.
(B) Modification of reference to ambulance civilian 
network.--Paragraph (1) of such subsection is amended, 
in the first column of the table, by striking 
``Ambulance civilian network'' and inserting ``Ground 
ambulance civilian network''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1447]]
(2) TRICARE prime.--
(A) Allowance of cost-sharing amounts as determined 
by the secretary.--Subsection (b) of section 1075a of 
such title is amended by adding at the end the following 
new paragraph:
``(4) The cost-sharing requirements applicable to services not 
specifically addressed in the table set forth in paragraph (1) shall be 
established by the Secretary.''.
(B) Modification of reference to ambulance civilian 
network.--Paragraph (1) of such section is amended, in 
the first column of the table, by striking ``Ambulance 
civilian network'' and inserting ``Ground ambulance 
civilian network''.
(c) Medical Care for Dependents.--
(1) Reference to medically necessary vitamins.--Paragraphs 
(3) and (18) of section 1077(a) of such title are amended by 
striking ``subsection (g)'' each place it appears and inserting 
``subsection (h)''.
(2) Eligibility of dependents to purchase hearing aids.--
Section 1077(g) of such title is amended by striking ``of former 
members of the uniformed services'' and inserting ``eligible for 
care under this section''.
(d) Modification of Reference to Fiscal Year.--
(1) Contracts for medical care for spouses and children.--
Section 1079(b) such title is amended by striking ``fiscal 
year'' each place it appears and inserting ``calendar year''.
(2) Contracts for health benefits for certain members, 
former members, and their dependents.--Section 1086(b) of such 
title is amended by striking ``fiscal year'' each place it 
appears and inserting ``calendar year''.
(e) Referrals and Preauthorizations for TRICARE Prime.--
(1) Preauthorization for care at residential treatment 
centers.--Section 1095f(b) of such title is amended by adding at 
the end the following new paragraph:
``(4) Inpatient care at a residential treatment center.''.
(2) Reference.--Section 1075a(c) of such title is amended by 
striking ``section 1075f(a)'' and inserting ``section 
1095f(a)''.
(f) Applicability of Premium for Dependent Coverage.--Section 
1110b(c)(1) of such title is amended by striking ``section 1075 of this 
section'' and inserting ``section 1075 or 1075a of this title, as 
appropriate''.
TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
MATTERS
Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management
Sec. 801. Statements of purpose for Department of Defense acquisition.
Sec. 802. Management of intellectual property matters within the 
Department of Defense.
Sec. 803. Performance of incurred cost audits.
Sec. 804. Repeal of certain auditing requirements.
Sec. 805. Increased simplified acquisition threshold.
Sec. 806. Requirements related to the micro-purchase threshold.
Sec. 807. Process for enhanced supply chain scrutiny.
Sec. 808. Defense policy advisory committee on technology.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1448]]
Sec. 809. Report on extension of development, acquisition, and 
sustainment authorities of the military departments to the 
United States Special Operations Command.
Sec. 810 . Technical and conforming amendments related to program 
management provisions.
Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
and Limitations
Sec. 811. Modifications to cost or pricing data and reporting 
requirements.
Sec. 812. Applicability of cost and pricing data certification 
requirements.
Sec. 813. Sunset of certain provisions relating to the procurement of 
goods other than United States goods.
Sec. 814. Comptroller General report on health and safety records.
Sec. 815. Limitation on unilateral definitization.
Sec. 816. Amendment to sustainment reviews.
Sec. 817. Use of program income by eligible entities that carry out 
procurement technical assistance programs.
Sec. 818. Enhanced post-award debriefing rights.
Sec. 819. Amendments relating to information technology.
Sec. 820. Change to definition of subcontract in certain circumstances.
Sec. 821. Amendment relating to applicability of inflation adjustments.
Sec. 822. Use of lowest price technically acceptable source selection 
process.
Sec. 823. Exemption from design-build selection procedures.
Sec. 824. Contract closeout authority.
Sec. 825. Elimination of cost underruns as factor in calculation of 
penalties for cost overruns.
Sec. 826. Modification to annual meeting requirement of Configuration 
Steering Boards.
Sec. 827. Pilot program on payment of costs for denied Government 
Accountability Office bid protests.
Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs
Sec. 831. Revisions to definition of major defense acquisition program.
Sec. 832. Prohibition on use of lowest price technically acceptable 
source selection process for major defense acquisition 
programs.
Sec. 833. Role of the Chief of the armed force in material development 
decision and acquisition system milestones.
Sec. 834. Requirement to emphasize reliability and maintainability in 
weapon system design.
Sec. 835. Licensing of appropriate intellectual property to support 
major weapon systems.
Sec. 836. Codification of requirements pertaining to assessment, 
management, and control of operating and support costs for 
major weapon systems.
Sec. 837. Should-cost management.
Sec. 838. Improvements to test and evaluation processes and tools.
Sec. 839. Enhancements to transparency in test and evaluation processes 
and data.
Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce
Sec. 841. Enhancements to the civilian program management workforce.
Sec. 842. Credits to Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
Development Fund.
Sec. 843. Improvements to the hiring and training of the acquisition 
workforce.
Sec. 844. Extension and modifications to acquisition demonstration 
project.
Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items
Sec. 846. Procurement through commercial e-commerce portals.
Sec. 847. Revision to definition of commercial item.
Sec. 848. Commercial item determinations.
Sec. 849. Review of regulations on commercial items.
Sec. 850. Training in commercial items procurement.
Subtitle F--Provisions Relating to Services Contracting
Sec. 851. Improvement of planning for acquisition of services.
Sec. 852. Standard guidelines for evaluation of requirements for 
services contracts.
Sec. 853. Report on outcome-based services contracts.
Sec. 854. Pilot program for longer term multiyear service contracts.
Subtitle G--Provisions Relating to Other Transaction Authority and 
Prototyping
Sec. 861. Contract authority for advanced development of initial or 
additional prototype units.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1449]]
Sec. 862. Methods for entering into research agreements.
Sec. 863. Education and training for transactions other than contracts 
and grants.
Sec. 864. Other transaction authority for certain prototype projects.
Sec. 865. Amendment to nontraditional and small contractor innovation 
prototyping program.
Sec. 866. Middle tier of acquisition for rapid prototype and rapid 
fielding.
Sec. 867. Preference for use of other transactions and experimental 
authority.
Sec. 868. Prototype projects to digitize defense acquisition 
regulations, policies, and guidance, and empower user 
tailoring of acquisition process.
Subtitle H--Provisions Relating to Software Acquisition
Sec. 871. Noncommercial computer software acquisition considerations.
Sec. 872. Defense Innovation Board analysis of software acquisition 
regulations.
Sec. 873. Pilot program to use agile or iterative development methods to 
tailor major software-intensive warfighting systems and 
defense business systems.
Sec. 874. Software development pilot program using agile best practices.
Sec. 875. Pilot program for open source software.
Subtitle I--Other Matters
Sec. 881. Extension of maximum duration of fuel storage contracts.
Sec. 882. Procurement of aviation critical safety items.
Sec. 883. Modifications to the advisory panel on streamlining and 
codifying acquisition regulations.
Sec. 884. Repeal of expired pilot program for leasing commercial utility 
cargo vehicles.
Sec. 885. Exception for business operations from requirement to accept 
$1 coins.
Sec. 886. Development of Procurement Administrative Lead Time.
Sec. 887. Notional milestones and standard timelines for contracts for 
foreign military sales.
Sec. 888. Assessment and authority to terminate or prohibit contracts 
for procurement from Chinese companies providing support to 
the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
Sec. 889. Report on defense contracting fraud.
Sec. 890. Comptroller General report on contractor business system 
requirements.
Sec. 891. Training on agile or iterative development methods.
Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management
SEC. 801. <>  STATEMENTS OF PURPOSE FOR 
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION.
Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall revise the Defense Federal Acquisition 
Regulation Supplement to include the following statements of purpose:
(1) The defense acquisition system (as defined in section 
2545 of title 10, United States Code) exists to manage the 
investments of the United States in technologies, programs, and 
product support necessary to achieve the national security 
strategy prescribed by the President pursuant to section 108 of 
the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3043) and to 
support the United States Armed Forces.
(2) The investment strategy of the Department of Defense 
shall be postured to support not only the current United States 
Armed Forces, but also future Armed Forces of the United States.
(3) The primary objective of Department of Defense 
acquisition is to acquire quality products that satisfy user 
needs with measurable improvements to mission capability and 
operational support, in a timely manner, and at a fair and 
reasonable price.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1450]]
SEC. 802. MANAGEMENT OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MATTERS WITHIN THE 
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
(a) Management of Intellectual Property.--
(1) In general.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting after section 2321 the following 
new section:
``Sec. 2322. <>  Management of intellectual 
property matters within the Department of 
Defense
``(a) Policy Required.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall 
develop policy on the acquisition or licensing of intellectual 
property--
``(1) to enable coordination and consistency across the 
military departments and the Department of Defense in strategies 
for acquiring or licensing intellectual property and 
communicating with industry;
``(2) to ensure that program managers are aware of the 
rights afforded the Federal Government and contractors in 
intellectual property and that program managers fully consider 
and use all available techniques and best practices for 
acquiring or licensing intellectual property early in the 
acquisition process; and
``(3) to encourage customized intellectual property 
strategies for each system based on, at a minimum, the unique 
characteristics of the system and its components, the product 
support strategy for the system, the organic industrial base 
strategy of the military department concerned, and the 
commercial market.
``(b) Cadre of Intellectual Property Experts.--(1) The Secretary of 
Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
and Sustainment, shall establish a cadre of personnel who are experts in 
intellectual property matters. The purpose of the cadre is to ensure a 
consistent, strategic, and highly knowledgeable approach to acquiring or 
licensing intellectual property by providing expert advice, assistance, 
and resources to the acquisition workforce on intellectual property 
matters, including acquiring or licensing intellectual property.
``(2) The Under Secretary shall establish an appropriate leadership 
structure and office within which the cadre shall be managed, and shall 
determine the appropriate official to whom members of the cadre shall 
report.
``(3) The cadre of experts shall be assigned to a program office or 
an acquisition command within a military department to advise, assist, 
and provide resources to a program manager or program executive officer 
on intellectual property matters at various stages of the life cycle of 
a system. In performing such duties, the experts shall--
``(A) interpret and provide counsel on laws, regulations, 
and policies relating to intellectual property;
``(B) advise and assist in the development of an acquisition 
strategy, product support strategy, and intellectual property 
strategy for a system;
``(C) conduct or assist with financial analysis and 
valuation of intellectual property;
``(D) assist in the drafting of a solicitation, contract, or 
other transaction;
[[Page 131 STAT. 1451]]
``(E) interact with or assist in interactions with 
contractors, including communications and negotiations with 
contractors on solicitations and awards; and
``(F) conduct or assist with mediation if technical data 
delivered pursuant to a contract is incomplete or does not 
comply with the terms of agreements.
``(4)(A) In order to achieve the purpose set forth in paragraph (1), 
the Under Secretary shall ensure the cadre has the appropriate number of 
staff and such staff possesses the necessary skills, knowledge, and 
experience to carry out the duties under paragraph (2), including in 
relevant areas of law, contracting, acquisition, logistics, engineering, 
financial analysis, and valuation. The Under Secretary, in coordination 
with the Defense Acquisition University and in consultation with 
academia and industry, shall develop a career path, including 
development opportunities, exchanges, talent management programs, and 
training, for the cadre. The Under Secretary may use existing 
authorities to staff the cadre, including those in subparagraphs (B), 
(C), (D), and (F).
``(B) Civilian personnel from within the Office of the Secretary of 
Defense, Joint Staff, military departments, Defense Agencies, and 
combatant commands may be assigned to serve as members of the cadre, 
upon request of the Director.
``(C) The Under Secretary may use the authorities for highly 
qualified experts under section 9903 of title 5, to hire experts as 
members of the cadre who are skilled professionals in intellectual 
property and related matters.
``(D) The Under Secretary may enter into a contract with a private-
sector entity for specialized expertise to support the cadre. Such 
entity may be considered a covered Government support contractor, as 
defined in section 2320 of this title.
``(E) In establishing the cadre, the Under Secretary shall give 
preference to civilian employees of the Department of Defense, rather 
than members of the armed forces, to maintain continuity in the cadre.
``(F) The Under Secretary is authorized to use amounts in the 
Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund for the purpose of 
recruitment, training, and retention of the cadre, including paying 
salaries of newly hired members of the cadre for up to three years.''.
(2) <>  Clerical amendment.--The 
table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is amended by 
adding at the end the following new item:
``2322. Management of intellectual property matters within the 
Department of Defense.''.
(b) Additional Acquisition Position.--Subsection 1721(b) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
new paragraph:
``(12) Intellectual property.''.
SEC. 803. PERFORMANCE OF INCURRED COST AUDITS.
(a) In General.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 2313a the following new section:
``Sec. 2313b. <>  Performance of incurred 
cost audits
``(a) Compliance With Standards of Risk and Materiality.--Not later 
than October 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall
[[Page 131 STAT. 1452]]
comply with commercially accepted standards of risk and materiality in 
the performance of each incurred cost audit of costs associated with a 
contract of the Department of Defense.
``(b) Conditions for the Use of Qualified Auditors to Perform 
Incurred Cost Audits.--(1) To support the need of the Department of 
Defense for timely and effective incurred cost audits, and to ensure 
that the Defense Contract Audit Agency is able to allocate resources to 
higher-risk and more complex audits, the Secretary of Defense shall use 
qualified private auditors to perform a sufficient number of incurred 
cost audits of contracts of the Department of Defense to--
``(A) eliminate, by October 1, 2020, any backlog of incurred 
cost audits of the Defense Contract Audit Agency;
``(B) ensure that incurred cost audits are completed not 
later than one year after the date of receipt of a qualified 
incurred cost submission;
``(C) maintain an appropriate mix of Government and private 
sector capacity to meet the current and future needs of the 
Department of Defense for the performance of incurred cost 
audits;
``(D) ensure that qualified private auditors perform 
incurred cost audits on an ongoing basis to improve the 
efficiency and effectiveness of the performance of incurred cost 
audits; and
``(E) limit multiyear auditing to ensure that multiyear 
auditing is conducted only--
``(A) to address outstanding incurred cost audits 
for which a qualified incurred cost submission was 
submitted to the Defense Contract Audit Agency more than 
12 months before the date of the enactment of this 
section; or
``(B) when the contractor being audited submits a 
written request, including a justification for the use 
of multiyear auditing, to the Under Secretary of Defense 
(Comptroller).
``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall consult with Federal agencies 
that have awarded contracts or task orders to qualified private auditors 
to ensure that the Department of Defense is using, as appropriate, best 
practices relating to contracting with qualified private auditors.
``(3) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that a qualified private 
auditor performing an incurred cost audit under this section--
``(A) has no conflict of interest in performing such an 
audit, as defined by generally accepted government auditing 
standards;
``(B) possesses the necessary independence to perform such 
an audit, as defined by generally accepted government auditing 
standards;
``(C) signs a nondisclosure agreement, as appropriate, to 
protect proprietary or nonpublic data;
``(D) accesses and uses proprietary or nonpublic data 
furnished to the qualified private auditor only for the purposes 
stated in the contract;
``(E) takes all reasonable steps to protect proprietary and 
nonpublic data furnished during the audit; and
``(F) does not use proprietary or nonpublic data provided to 
the qualified private auditor under the authority of this 
section to compete for Government or nongovernment contracts.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1453]]
``(c) Procedures for the Use of Qualified Private Auditors.--(1) Not 
later than October 1, 2018, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a plan to implement the requirements of 
subsection (b). Such plan shall include, at a minimum--
``(A) a description of the incurred cost audits that the 
Secretary determines are appropriate to be conducted by 
qualified private auditors, including the approximate number and 
dollar value of such incurred cost audits;
``(B) an estimate of the number and dollar value of incurred 
cost audits to be conducted by qualified private auditors for 
each of the fiscal years 2019 through 2025 necessary to meet the 
requirements of subsection (b); and
``(C) all other elements of an acquisition plan as required 
by the Federal Acquisition Regulation.
``(2) Not later than April 1, 2019, the Secretary of Defense or a 
Federal department or agency authorized by the Secretary shall award a 
contract or issue a task order under an existing contract to two or more 
qualified private auditors to perform incurred cost audits of costs 
associated with contracts of the Department of Defense. The Defense 
Contract Management Agency or a contract administration office of a 
military department shall use a contract or a task order awarded or 
issued pursuant to this paragraph for the performance of an incurred 
cost audit, if doing so will assist the Secretary in meeting the 
requirements in subsection (b).
``(3) To improve the quality of incurred cost audits and reduce 
duplication of performance of such audits, the Secretary of Defense may 
provide a qualified private auditor with information on past or ongoing 
audit results or other relevant information on the entities the 
qualified private auditor is auditing.
``(4) The Secretary of Defense shall consider the results of an 
incurred cost audit performed under this section without regard to 
whether the Defense Contract Audit Agency or a qualified private auditor 
performed the audit.
``(5) The contracting officer for a contract that is the subject of 
an incurred cost audit shall have the sole discretion to determine what 
action should be taken based on an audit finding on direct costs of the 
contract.
``(d) Qualified Private Auditor Requirements.--(1) A qualified 
private auditor awarded a contract or issued an task order under 
subsection (c)(2) shall conduct an incurred cost audit in accordance 
with the generally accepted government auditing standards.
``(2) A qualified private auditor awarded a contract or issued an 
task order under subsection (c)(2) shall develop and maintain complete 
and accurate working papers on each incurred cost audit. All working 
papers and reports on the incurred cost audit prepared by such qualified 
private auditor shall be the property of the Department of Defense, 
except that the qualified private auditor may retain a complete copy of 
all working papers to support such reports made pursuant to this 
section.
``(3) A breach of contract by a qualified private auditor with 
respect to use of proprietary or nonpublic data may subject the 
qualified private auditor to--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1454]]
``(A) criminal, civil, administrative, and contractual 
actions for penalties, damages, and other appropriate remedies 
by the United States; and
``(B) civil actions for damages and other appropriate 
remedies by the contractor or subcontractor whose data are 
affected by the breach.
``(e) Peer Review.--(1) Effective October 1, 2022, the Defense 
Contract Audit Agency may issue unqualified audit findings for an 
incurred cost audit only if the Defense Contract Audit Agency is peer 
reviewed by a commercial auditor and passes such peer review. Such peer 
review shall be conducted in accordance with the peer review 
requirements of generally accepted government auditing standards, 
including the requirements related to frequency of peer reviews, and 
shall be deemed to meet the requirements of the Defense Contract Audit 
Agency for a peer review under such standards.
``(2) Not later than October 1, 2019, the Secretary of Defense shall 
provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives an update on the process of securing a commercial 
auditor to perform the peer review referred to in paragraph (1).
``(f) Numeric Materiality Standards for Incurred Cost Audits.--(1) 
Not later than October 1, 2020, the Department of Defense shall 
implement numeric materiality standards for incurred cost audits to be 
used by auditors that are consistent with commercially accepted 
standards of risk and materiality.
``(2) Not later than October 1, 2019, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report containing 
proposed numeric materiality standards required under paragraph (1). In 
developing such standards, the Secretary shall consult with commercial 
auditors that conduct incurred cost audits, the advisory panel 
authorized under section 809 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 889), and other 
governmental and nongovernmental entities with relevant expertise.
``(g) Timeliness of Incurred Cost Audits.--(1) The Secretary of 
Defense shall ensure that all incurred cost audits performed by 
qualified private auditors or the Defense Contract Audit Agency are 
performed in a timely manner.
``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall notify a contractor of the 
Department of Defense within 60 days after receipt of an incurred cost 
submission from the contractor whether the submission is a qualified 
incurred cost submission.
``(3) With respect to qualified incurred cost submissions received 
on or after the date of the enactment of this section, audit findings 
shall be issued for an incurred cost audit not later than one year after 
the date of receipt of such qualified incurred cost submission.
``(4) Not later than October 1, 2020, and subject to paragraph (5), 
if audit findings are not issued within one year after the date of 
receipt of a qualified incurred cost submission, the audit shall be 
considered to be complete and no additional audit work shall be 
conducted.
``(5) The Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) may waive the 
requirements of paragraph (4) on a case-by-case basis if the Director of 
the Defense Contract Audit Agency submits a written request. The 
Director of the Defense Contract Audit Agency shall include in the 
report required under section 2313a of this title
[[Page 131 STAT. 1455]]
the total number of waivers issued and the reasons for issuing each such 
waiver.
``(h) Review of Audit Performance.--Not later than April 1, 2025, 
the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that evaluates for the period 
beginning on October 1, 2019, and ending on August 31, 2023--
``(1) the timeliness, individual cost, and quality of 
incurred cost audits, set forth separately by incurred cost 
audits performed by the Defense Contract Audit Agency and by 
qualified private auditors;
``(2) the cost to contractors of the Department of Defense 
for incurred cost audits, set forth separately by incurred cost 
audits performed by the Defense Contract Audit Agency and by 
qualified private auditors;
``(3) the effect, if any, on other types of audits conducted 
by the Defense Contract Audit Agency that results from incurred 
cost audits conducted by qualified private auditors; and
``(4) the capability and capacity of qualified private 
auditors to conduct incurred cost audits for the Department of 
Defense.
``(i) Definitions.--In this section:
``(1) The term `commercial auditor' means a private entity 
engaged in the business of performing audits.
``(2) The term `incurred cost audit' means an audit of 
charges to the Government by a contractor under a flexibly 
priced contract.
``(3) The term `flexibly priced contract' has the meaning 
given the term `flexibly-priced contracts and subcontracts' in 
part 30 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation (section 30.001 of 
title 48, Code of Federal Regulations).
``(4) The term `generally accepted government auditing 
standards' means the generally accepted government auditing 
standards of the Comptroller General of the United States.
``(5) The term `numeric materiality standard' means a dollar 
amount of misstatements, including omissions, contained in an 
incurred cost audit that would be material if the misstatements, 
individually or in the aggregate, could reasonably be expected 
to influence the economic decisions of the Government made on 
the basis of the incurred cost audit.
``(6) The term `qualified incurred cost submission' means a 
submission by a contractor of costs incurred under a flexibly 
priced contract that has been qualified by the Department of 
Defense as sufficient to conduct an incurred cost audit.
``(7) The term `qualified private auditor' means a 
commercial auditor--
``(A) that performs audits in accordance with 
generally accepted government auditing standards; and
``(B) that has received a passing peer review 
rating, as defined by generally accepted government 
auditing standards.''.
(b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter <>  is amended by inserting after 
the item relating to section 2313a the following new item:
``2313b. Performance of incurred cost audits.''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1456]]
(c) Amendment to Duties of the Advisory Panel on Streamlining and 
Codifying Acquisition Regulations.--Subsection (c)(2) of section 809 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
114-92; 129 Stat. 889), as amended by section 863(d) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2303), is amended--
(1) in subparagraph (D) by striking ``and'' at the end;
(2) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph (F);
(3) by adding after subparagraph (D) the following new 
subparagraph:
``(E) improve the efficiency of the contract 
auditing process, including through the development of 
risk-based materiality standards; and''; and
(4) in subparagraph (F) (as so redesignated), by striking 
``subparagraphs (A) through (D)'' and inserting ``subparagraphs 
(A) through (E)''.
SEC. 804. REPEAL OF CERTAIN AUDITING REQUIREMENTS.
Section 190 of title 10, United States Code, as proposed to be added 
by section 820(b)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2274), is amended by 
striking subsection (f).
SEC. 805. INCREASED SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION THRESHOLD.
Section 134 of title 41, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``$100,000'' and inserting ``$250,000''.
SEC. 806. REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO THE MICRO-PURCHASE THRESHOLD.
(a) Increase in Threshold.--Section 1902(a)(1) of title 41, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``$3,000'' and inserting 
``$10,000''.
(b) <>  Convenience Checks.--A convenience 
check may not be used for an amount in excess of one half of the micro-
purchase threshold under section 1902(a) of title 41, United States 
Code, or a lower amount established by the head of the agency.
SEC. <>  807. PROCESS FOR ENHANCED SUPPLY 
CHAIN SCRUTINY.
(a) Process.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a process for 
enhancing scrutiny of acquisition decisions in order to improve the 
integration of supply chain risk management into the overall acquisition 
decision cycle.
(b) Elements.--The process under subsection (a) shall include the 
following elements:
(1) Designation of a senior official responsible for 
overseeing the development and implementation of the process.
(2) Development or integration of tools to support 
commercial due-diligence, business intelligence, or otherwise 
analyze and monitor commercial activity to understand business 
relationships with entities determined to be threats to the 
United States.
(3) Development of risk profiles of products or services 
based on commercial due-diligence tools and data services.
(4) Development of education and training curricula for the 
acquisition workforce that supports the process.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1457]]
(5) Integration, as needed, with intelligence sources to 
develop threat profiles of entities determined to be threats to 
the United States.
(6) Periodic review and assessment of software products and 
services on computer networks of the Department of Defense to 
remove prohibited products or services.
(7) Synchronization of the use of current authorities for 
making supply chain decisions, including section 806 of Public 
Law 111-383 (10 U.S.C. 2304 note) or improved use of suspension 
and debarment officials.
(8) Coordination with interagency, industrial, and 
international partners, as appropriate, to share information, 
develop Government-wide strategies for dealing with significant 
entities determined to be significant threats to the United 
States, and effectively use authorities in other departments and 
agencies to provide consistent, Government-wide approaches to 
supply chain threats.
(9) Other matters as the Secretary considers necessary.
(c) Notification.--Not later than 90 days after establishing the 
process required by subsection (a), the Secretary shall provide a 
written notification to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives that the process has been established. The 
notification also shall include the following:
(1) Identification of the official designated under 
subsection (b)(1).
(2) Identification of tools and services currently available 
to the Department of Defense under subsection (b)(2).
(3) Assessment of additional tools and services available 
under subsection (b)(2) that the Department of Defense should 
evaluate.
(4) Identification of, or recommendations for, any statutory 
changes needed to improve the effectiveness of the process.
(5) Projected resource needs for implementing any 
recommendations made by the Secretary.
SEC. 808. DEFENSE POLICY ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON TECHNOLOGY.
(a) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Chief Management Officer, shall form a committee of senior executives 
from United States firms in the national technology and industrial base 
to meet with the Secretary, the Secretaries of the military departments, 
and members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to exchange information, 
including, as appropriate, classified information, on technology threats 
to the national security of the United States and on the emerging 
technologies from the national technology and industrial base that may 
become available to counter such threats in a timely manner.
(b) Meetings.--The defense policy advisory committee on technology 
formed pursuant to subsection (a) shall meet with the Secretary and the 
other Department of Defense officials specified in such subsection 
collectively at least once annually in each of fiscal years 2018 through 
2022. The Secretary of Defense shall provide the congressional defense 
committees annual briefings on the meetings.
(c) Federal Advisory Committee Act.--The Federal Advisory Committee 
Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the defense policy
[[Page 131 STAT. 1458]]
advisory committee on technology established pursuant to this section.
SEC. 809. REPORT ON EXTENSION OF DEVELOPMENT, ACQUISITION, AND 
SUSTAINMENT AUTHORITIES OF THE MILITARY 
DEPARTMENTS TO THE UNITED STATES SPECIAL 
OPERATIONS COMMAND.
(a) Review.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a review of 
the authorities available to the Secretaries of the military departments 
and the acquisition executives of the military departments for the 
development, acquisition, and sustainment of technology, equipment, and 
services for the military departments in order to determine the 
feasibility and advisability of the provision of such authorities to the 
Commander of the United States Special Operations Command and the 
acquisition executive of the Command for the development, acquisition, 
and sustainment of special operations-peculiar technology, equipment, 
and services.
(b) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
review required by subsection (a). The report shall include the 
following:
(1) A description of the review.
(2) An identification of the authorities the Secretary 
recommends for provision to the Commander of the United States 
Special Operations Command and the acquisition executive of the 
Command as described in subsection (a), and recommendations for 
any modifications of such authorities that the Secretary 
considers appropriate for purposes of the United States Special 
Operations Command.
(3) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
action as the Secretary considers appropriate for the provision 
of authorities identified pursuant to paragraph (2) as described 
in subsection (a).
(4) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
appropriate in light of the review.
SEC. 810. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS RELATED TO PROGRAM 
MANAGEMENT PROVISIONS.
(a) Repeal of Duplicative Provision Related to Program and Project 
Management.--Subsection (c) of section 503 of title 31, United States 
Code, as added by section 861(a)(1) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2298), is repealed.
(b) Repeal of Duplicative Provision Related to Program Management 
Officers and Program Management Policy Council.--Section 1126 of title 
31, United States Code, as added by section 861(b)(1) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2299), is repealed.
(c) Repeal of Obsolete Provisions.--Section 861 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2299) <>  is 
repealed.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1459]]
Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
and Limitations
SEC. 811. MODIFICATIONS TO COST OR PRICING DATA AND REPORTING 
REQUIREMENTS.
(a) Modifications to Submissions of Cost or Pricing Data.--
(1) Title 10.--Subsection (a) of section 2306a of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
(A) by striking ``December 5, 1990'' each place it 
appears and inserting ``June 30, 2018'';
(B) by striking ``December 5, 1991'' each place it 
appears and inserting ``July 1, 2018'';
(C) by striking ``$100,000'' each place it appears 
and inserting ``$750,000'';
(D) in paragraph (1)--
(i) in subparagraphs (A)(i), (B)(i), (C)(i), 
(C)(ii), and (D)(i), by striking ``$500,000'' and 
inserting ``$2,000,000''; and
(ii) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by striking 
``$500,000'' and inserting ``$750,000'';
(E) in paragraph (6), by striking ``December 5, 
1990'' and inserting ``June 30, 2018''; and
(F) in paragraph (7), by striking ``to the amount'' 
and all that follows through ``higher multiple of 
$50,000.'' and inserting ``in accordance with section 
1908 of title 41.''.
(2) Title 41.--Section 3502 of title 41, United States Code, 
is amended--
(A) in subsection (a)--
(i) by striking ``October 13, 1994'' each 
place it appears and inserting ``June 30, 2018'';
(ii) by striking ``$100,000'' each place it 
appears and inserting ``$750,000'';
(iii) in paragraphs (1)(A), (2)(A), (3)(A), 
(3)(B), and (4)(A), by striking ``$500,000'' and 
inserting ``$2,000,000''; and
(iv) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking 
``$500,000'' and inserting ``$750,000'';
(B) in subsection (f), by striking ``October 13, 
1994'' and inserting ``June 30, 2018''; and
(C) in subsection (g), by striking ``to the amount'' 
and all that follows through ``higher multiple of 
$50,000.'' and inserting ``in accordance with section 
1908.''.
(b) Modification to Authority to Require Submission.--Paragraph (1) 
of section 2306a(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``the contracting officer shall require submission of'' and all 
the follows through ``to the extent necessary'' and inserting ``the 
offeror shall be required to submit to the contracting officer data 
other than certified cost or pricing data (if requested by the 
contracting officer), to the extent necessary''.
(c) Comptroller General Review of Modifications to Cost or Pricing 
Data Submission Requirements.--Not later than March 1, 2022, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the
[[Page 131 STAT. 1460]]
implementation and effect of the amendments made by subsections (a) and 
(b).
(d) Requirements for Defense Contract Audit Agency Report.--
(1) In general.--Section 2313a of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
(A) in subsection (a)(2)--
(i) in subparagraph (A)--
(I) by inserting ``and dollar 
value'' after ``number''; and
(II) by inserting ``, set forth 
separately by type of audit'' after 
``pending'';
(ii) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``, 
both from the date of receipt of a qualified 
incurred cost submission and from the date the 
audit begins'' after ``audit'';
(iii) by amending subparagraph (D) to read as 
follows:
``(D) the sustained questioned costs, set forth 
separately by type of audit, both as a total value and 
as a percentage of the total questioned costs for the 
audit;'';
(iv) by striking subparagraph (E); and
(v) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the 
following new subparagraphs:
``(E) the total number and dollar value of incurred 
cost audits completed, and the method by which such 
incurred cost audits were completed;
``(F) the aggregate cost of performing audits, set 
forth separately by type of audit;
``(G) the ratio of sustained questioned costs to the 
aggregate costs of performing audits, set forth 
separately by type of audit; and
``(H) the total number and dollar value of audits 
that are pending for a period longer than one year as of 
the end of the fiscal year covered by the report, and 
the fiscal year in which the qualified submission was 
received, set forth separately by type of audit;''; and
(B) by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
``(d) Definitions.--
``(1) The terms `incurred cost audit' and `qualified 
incurred cost submission' have the meaning given those terms in 
section 2313b of this title.
``(2) The term `sustained questioned costs' means questioned 
costs that were recovered by the Federal Government as a result 
of contract negotiations related to such questioned costs.''.
(2) <>  Exemption to report 
termination requirements.--Section 1080(a) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-
92; 129 Stat. 1000; 10 U.S.C. 111 note), as amended by section 
1061(j) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2405; 10 U.S.C. 111 
note), does not apply to the report required to be submitted to 
Congress under section 2313a of title 10, United States Code.
(e) Adjustment to Value of Covered Contracts for Requirements 
Relating to Allowable Costs.--Subparagraph (B) of section 2324(l)(1) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``to the 
equivalent'' and all that follows through ``higher
[[Page 131 STAT. 1461]]
multiple of $50,000.'' and inserting ``in accordance with section 1908 
of title 41.''.
SEC. 812. <>  APPLICABILITY OF COST AND 
PRICING DATA CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS.
Section 830(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2286) is amended--
(1) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``same product'' and 
inserting ``same or similar product'';
(2) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (4); and
(3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
paragraphs:
``(2) Determination of same or similar product.--The 
Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State shall jointly 
determine whether a product is considered to be a similar 
product for the purposes of this pilot program.
``(3) Waiver of cost or pricing certification.--The 
Secretary of Defense may waive the certification requirement 
under section 2306a(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, if 
the Secretary determines that the Federal Government has 
sufficient data and information regarding the reasonableness of 
the price.''.
SEC. 813. SUNSET OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS RELATING TO THE PROCUREMENT 
OF GOODS OTHER THAN UNITED STATES GOODS.
(a) Chemical Weapons Antidote.--Section 2534(c) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
``(5) Chemical weapons antidote.--Subsections (a)(2) and 
(b)(2) shall cease to be effective on October 1, 2018.''.
(b) <>  Photovoltaic Devices.--Effective 
October 1, 2018, section 858 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public 
Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 2534 note) is repealed.
SEC. 814. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON HEALTH AND SAFETY RECORDS.
(1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
States shall submit to the Secretary of Defense and the 
congressional defense committees a report on the safety and 
health records of Department of Defense contractors.
(2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall 
include the following elements:
(A) A description of the existing procedures of the 
Department of Defense to evaluate the safety and health 
records of current and prospective contractors.
(B) An evaluation of the adherence of the Department 
of Defense to such procedures.
(C) An assessment of the current incidence of safety 
and health violations by Department of Defense 
contractors.
(D) An assessment of whether the Secretary of Labor 
has the resources to investigate and identify safety and 
health violations by Department of Defense contractors.
(E) An assessment of whether the Secretary of Labor 
should consider assuming an expanded investigatory role
[[Page 131 STAT. 1462]]
or a targeted enforcement program for ensuring the 
safety and health of individuals working under 
Department of Defense contracts.
SEC. 815. LIMITATION ON UNILATERAL DEFINITIZATION.
(a) Limitation.--Section 2326 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
(1) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), 
(h), and (i) as subsections (d), (e), (f), (g), (h), (i), and 
(j) respectively; and
(2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
subsection (c):
``(c) Limitation on Unilateral Definitization by Contracting 
Officer.--With respect to any undefinitized contractual action with a 
value greater than $50,000,000, if agreement is not reached on 
contractual terms, specifications, and price within the period or by the 
date provided in subsection (b)(1), the contracting officer may not 
unilaterally definitize those terms, specifications, or price over the 
objection of the contractor until--
``(1) the service acquisition executive for the military 
department that awarded the contract, or the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment if the contract was 
awarded by a Defense Agency or other component of the Department 
of Defense, approves the definitization in writing;
``(2) the contracting officer provides a copy of the written 
approval to the contractor; and
``(3) a period of 30 calendar days has elapsed after the 
written approval is provided to the contractor.''.
(b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2326(b)(3) of such title is 
amended by striking ``subsection (g)'' and inserting ``subsection (h)''.
(c) <>  Conforming Regulations.--Not later 
than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
of Defense shall revise the Department of Defense Supplement to the 
Federal Acquisition Regulation to implement section 2326 of title 10, 
United States Code, as amended by this section.
SEC. 816. AMENDMENT TO SUSTAINMENT REVIEWS.
Section 2441(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following: ``The Secretary concerned shall make 
the memorandum and supporting documentation for each sustainment review 
available to the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment within 30 days after the review is completed.''.
SEC. 817. USE OF PROGRAM INCOME BY ELIGIBLE ENTITIES THAT CARRY 
OUT PROCUREMENT TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE 
PROGRAMS.
Section 2414 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) in the section heading, by striking ``limitation'' and 
inserting ``funding''; and
(2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
``(d) Use of Program Income.--
``(1) An eligible entity that earned income in a specified 
fiscal year from activities carried out pursuant to a 
procurement technical assistance program funded under this 
chapter may expend an amount of such income, not to exceed 25 
percent of the cost of furnishing procurement technical 
assistance in
[[Page 131 STAT. 1463]]
such specified fiscal year, during the fiscal year following 
such specified fiscal year, to carry out a procurement technical 
assistance program funded under this chapter.
``(2) An eligible entity that does not enter into a 
cooperative agreement with the Secretary for a fiscal year--
``(A) shall notify the Secretary of the amount of 
any income the eligible entity carried over from the 
previous fiscal year; and
``(B) may retain an amount of such income equal to 
10 percent of the value of assistance furnished by the 
Secretary under this section during the previous fiscal 
year.
``(3) In determining the value of assistance furnished by 
the Secretary under this section for any fiscal year, the 
Secretary shall account for the amount of any income the 
eligible entity carried over from the previous fiscal year.''.
SEC. 818. <>  ENHANCED POST-AWARD 
DEBRIEFING RIGHTS.
(a) Release of Contract Award Information.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall revise the Department of Defense Supplement to the Federal 
Acquisition Regulation to require that all required post-award 
debriefings, while protecting the confidential and proprietary 
information of other offerors, include, at a minimum, the following:
(1) In the case of a contract award in excess of 
$100,000,000, a requirement for disclosure of the agency's 
written source selection award determination, redacted to 
protect the confidential and proprietary information of other 
offerors for the contract award, and, in the case of a contract 
award in excess of $10,000,000 and not in excess of $100,000,000 
with a small business or nontraditional contractor, an option 
for the small business or nontraditional contractor to request 
such disclosure.
(2) A requirement for a written or oral debriefing for all 
contract awards and task or delivery orders valued at 
$10,000,000 or higher.
(3) Provisions ensuring that both unsuccessful and winning 
offerors are entitled to the disclosure described in paragraph 
(1) and the debriefing described in paragraph (2).
(4) Robust procedures, consistent with section 2305(b)(5)(D) 
of title 10, United States Code, and provisions implementing 
that section in the Federal Acquisition Regulation, to protect 
the confidential and proprietary information of other offerors.
(b) Opportunity for Follow-up Questions.--Section 2305(b)(5) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by redesignating subparagraphs (C), (D), and (E) as 
subparagraphs (D), (E), and (F), respectively;
(2) in subparagraph (B)--
(A) in clause (v), by striking ``; and'' and 
inserting a semicolon;
(B) in clause (vi), by striking the period at the 
end and inserting ``; and''; and
(C) by adding at the end the following new clause:
``(vii) an opportunity for a disappointed offeror to submit, 
within two business days after receiving a post-award 
debriefing, additional questions related to the debriefing.''; 
and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1464]]
(3) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following new 
subparagraph:
``(C) The agency shall respond in writing to any additional question 
submitted under subparagraph (B)(vii) within five business days after 
receipt of the question. The agency shall not consider the debriefing to 
be concluded until the agency delivers its written responses to the 
disappointed offeror.''.
(c) Commencement of Post-briefing Period.--Section 3553(d)(4) of 
title 31, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as clauses 
(i) and (ii) respectively;
(2) by striking ``The period'' and inserting ``(A) The 
period''; and
(3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
``(B) For procurements conducted by any component of the Department 
of Defense, the 5-day period described in subparagraph (A)(ii) does not 
commence until the day the Government delivers to a disappointed offeror 
the written responses to any questions submitted pursuant to section 
2305(b)(5)(B)(vii) of title 10.''.
SEC. 819. AMENDMENTS RELATING TO INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.
(a) Elimination of Sunset Relating to Transparency and Risk 
Management of Major Information Technology Investments.--Subsection (c) 
of section 11302 of title 40, United States Code, is amended by striking 
the first paragraph (5).
(b) Elimination of Sunset Relating to Information Technology 
Portfolio, Program, and Resource Reviews.--Section 11319 of title 40, 
United States Code, is amended--
(1) by redesignating the second subsection (c) as subsection 
(d); and
(2) in subsection (d), as so redesignated, by striking 
paragraph (6).
(c) Extension of Sunset Relating to Federal Data Center 
Consolidation Initiative.--Subsection (e) of section 834 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 44 
U.S.C. 3601 note) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2020''.
SEC. 820. CHANGE TO DEFINITION OF SUBCONTRACT IN CERTAIN 
CIRCUMSTANCES.
Section 1906(c)(1) of title 41, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following: ``The term does not include agreements 
entered into by a contractor for the supply of commodities that are 
intended for use in the performance of multiple contracts with the 
Federal Government and other parties and are not identifiable to any 
particular contract.''.
SEC. 821. AMENDMENT RELATING TO APPLICABILITY OF INFLATION 
ADJUSTMENTS.
Section 1908(d) of title 41, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting before the period at the end the following: ``and shall apply, 
in the case of the procurement of property or services by contract, to a 
contract, and any subcontract at any tier under the contract, in effect 
on that date without regard to the date of award of the contract or 
subcontract.''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1465]]
SEC. 822. USE OF LOWEST PRICE TECHNICALLY ACCEPTABLE SOURCE 
SELECTION PROCESS.
(a) Additional Requirements.--Subsection (b) of section 813 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-
328; 130 Stat 2270; 10 U.S.C. 2305 note) is amended--
(1) in paragraph (5), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
semicolon;
(2) in paragraph (6), by striking the period at the end and 
inserting a semicolon; and
(3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
``(7) the Department of Defense would realize no, or 
minimal, additional innovation or future technological advantage 
by using a different methodology; and
``(8) with respect to a contract for procurement of goods, 
the goods procured are predominantly expendable in nature, 
nontechnical, or have a short life expectancy or short shelf 
life.''.
(b) Reporting Requirement.--
(1) In general.--Subsection (d) of such section is amended 
by striking ``contract exceeding $10,000,000'' and inserting 
``contract exceeding $5,000,000''.
(2) <>  Applicability.--The 
amendment made by this subsection shall apply with respect to 
the second, third, and fourth reports submitted under subsection 
(d) of section 813 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat 2271; 10 U.S.C. 
2305 note).
SEC. 823. EXEMPTION FROM DESIGN-BUILD SELECTION PROCEDURES.
Subsection (d) of section 2305a of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking the second and third sentences and inserting the 
following: ``If the contract value exceeds $4,000,000, the maximum 
number specified in the solicitation shall not exceed 5 unless--
``(1) the solicitation is issued pursuant to a indefinite 
delivery-indefinite quantity contract for design-build 
construction; or
``(2)(A) the head of the contracting activity, delegable to 
a level no lower than the senior contracting official within the 
contracting activity, approves the contracting officer's 
justification with respect to an individual solicitation that a 
maximum number greater than 5 is in the interest of the Federal 
Government; and
``(B) the contracting officer provides written documentation 
of how a maximum number greater than 5 is consistent with the 
purposes and objectives of the two-phase selection 
procedures.''.
SEC. 824. CONTRACT CLOSEOUT AUTHORITY.
Section 836(b)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2286) <>  is amended by striking ``entered into prior to fiscal year 
2000'' and inserting ``entered into on a date that is at least 17 fiscal 
years before the current fiscal year''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1466]]
SEC. 825. ELIMINATION OF COST UNDERRUNS AS FACTOR IN CALCULATION 
OF PENALTIES FOR COST OVERRUNS.
(a) In General.--Section 828 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is 
amended--
(1) in subsection (a), by striking ``each fiscal year 
beginning with fiscal year 2015'' and inserting ``each of fiscal 
years 2018 through 2022'';
(2) in subsection (b)--
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or underrun'';
(B) in paragraph (2)--
(i) by striking ``or underruns''; and
(ii) by striking ``,Technology, and 
Logistics'' and inserting ``and Sustainment'';
(C) in paragraph (3)--
(i) by striking ``and cost underruns''; and
(ii) by striking ``or underruns''; and
(D) in paragraph (4), by striking ``, except that 
the cost overrun penalty may not be a negative amount'';
(3) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
(d) and (e), respectively;
(4) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
subsection:
``(c) Total Cost Overrun Penalty.--Notwithstanding the amount of a 
cost overrun penalty determined in (b), the total cost overrun penalty 
for a military department (including any cost overrun penalty for joint 
programs of military departments) for a fiscal year may not exceed 
$50,000,000.''; and
(5) in subsection (d) (as so redesignated)--
(A) in paragraph (1)--
(i) in the paragraph heading, by inserting 
``or procurement'' after ``evaluation'';
(ii) by striking ``each fiscal year beginning 
with fiscal year 2015'' and inserting ``each of 
fiscal years 2018 through 2022'';
(iii) by striking ``each research'' and 
inserting ``the research'';
(iv) by striking ``evaluation account'' and 
inserting ``evaluation or procurement accounts''; 
and
(v) by striking ``percentage'' and inserting 
``amount''; and
(B) in paragraph (2)--
(i) in the paragraph heading, by striking 
``amount'' and inserting ``amounts'';
(ii) by striking ``percentage reduction'' and 
inserting ``reductions'';
(iii) by striking ``evaluation accounts'' and 
inserting ``evaluation or procurement accounts'';
(iv) by striking ``paragraph (1) is the 
percentage reduction'' and inserting ``paragraph 
(1) are the reductions''; and
(v) by inserting ``, when combined,'' after 
``equal''.
(b) <>  Prior Fiscal Years.--The 
requirements of section 828 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note), as in 
effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act, shall 
continue to apply with respect to fiscal years beginning on or before 
October 1, 2016.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1467]]
SEC. 826. MODIFICATION TO ANNUAL MEETING REQUIREMENT OF 
CONFIGURATION STEERING BOARDS.
Section 814(c)(4) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 
4529; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended--
(1) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting
``(A) Annual meeting.--Except as provided in 
subparagraph (B), the Secretary''; and
(2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
``(B) Exception.--If the service acquisition 
executive of the military department concerned 
determines, in writing, that there have been no changes 
to the program requirements of a major defense 
acquisition program during the preceding year, the 
Configuration Steering Board for such major defense 
acquisition program is not required to meet as described 
in subparagraph (A).''.
SEC. 827. <>  PILOT PROGRAM ON PAYMENT OF 
COSTS FOR DENIED GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY 
OFFICE BID PROTESTS.
(a) Pilot Program Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry 
out a pilot program to determine the effectiveness of requiring 
contractors to reimburse the Department of Defense for costs incurred in 
processing covered protests.
(b) Duration.--The pilot program shall--
(1) begin on the date that is two years after the date of 
the enactment of this Act; and
(2) end on the date that is five years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
(c) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date on which the 
pilot program under subsection (a) ends, the Secretary shall provide a 
report to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate assessing the feasibility of making 
permanent such pilot program.
(d) Covered Protest Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
protest'' means a bid protest that was--
(1) denied in an opinion issued by the Government 
Accountability Office;
(2) filed by a party with revenues in excess of $250,000,000 
(based on fiscal year 2017 constant dollars) during the previous 
year; and
(3) filed on or after October 1, 2019 and on or before 
September 30, 2022.
Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs
SEC. 831. REVISIONS TO DEFINITION OF MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION 
PROGRAM.
Section 2430(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) in paragraph (1)(B), by inserting ``in the case of a 
program that is not a program for the acquisition of an 
automated information system (either a product or a service),'' 
after ``(B)''; and
(2) in paragraph (2)--
(A) by striking ``does not include an acquisition 
program'' and inserting the following: ``does not 
include--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1468]]
``(A) an acquisition program''; and
(B) by striking the period at the end and inserting 
the following: ``; or
``(B) an acquisition program for a defense business system 
(as defined in section 2222(i)(1) of this title) carried out 
using the acquisition guidance issued pursuant to section 883(e) 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
(Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2223a note).''.
SEC. 832. PROHIBITION ON USE OF LOWEST PRICE TECHNICALLY 
ACCEPTABLE SOURCE SELECTION PROCESS FOR 
MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.
(a) Prohibition.--
(1) In general.--Chapter 144 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting after section 2441 the following 
new section:
``Sec. 2442. <>  Prohibition on use of 
lowest price technically acceptable source 
selection process
``(a) In General.--The Department of Defense shall not use a lowest 
price technically acceptable source selection process for the 
engineering and manufacturing development contract of a major defense 
acquisition program.
``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
``(1) Lowest price technically acceptable source selection 
process.--The term `lowest price technically acceptable source 
selection process' has the meaning given that term in part 15 of 
the Federal Acquisition Regulation.
``(2) Major defense acquisition program.--The term `major 
defense acquisition program' has the meaning given that term in 
section 2430 of this title.
``(3) Engineering and manufacturing development contract.--
The term `engineering and manufacturing development contract' 
means a prime contract for the engineering and manufacturing 
development of a major defense acquisition program.''.
(2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such chapter <>  is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2441 the 
following new item:
``2442. Prohibition on use of lowest price technically acceptable source 
selection process.''.
(b) <>  Applicability.--The requirements of 
section 2442 of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection 
(a), shall apply to major defense acquisition programs for which 
budgetary authority is requested for fiscal year 2019 or a subsequent 
fiscal year.
SEC. 833. ROLE OF THE CHIEF OF THE ARMED FORCE IN MATERIAL 
DEVELOPMENT DECISION AND ACQUISITION 
SYSTEM MILESTONES.
Section 2547(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting ``(1) The 
Secretary''; and
(2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
``(2) Consistent with the performance of duties under subsection 
(a), the Chief of the armed force concerned, or in the case of a joint 
program the chiefs of the armed forces concerned, with respect to major 
defense acquisition programs, shall--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1469]]
``(A) concur with the need for a material solution as 
identified in the Material Development Decision Review prior to 
entry into the Material Solution Analysis Phase under Department 
of Defense Instruction 5000.02;
``(B) concur with the cost, schedule, technical feasibility, 
and performance trade-offs that have been made with regard to 
the program before Milestone A approval is granted under section 
2366a of this title;
``(C) concur that appropriate trade-offs among cost, 
schedule, technical feasibility, and performance objectives have 
been made to ensure that the program is affordable when 
considering the per unit cost and the total life-cycle cost 
before Milestone B approval is granted under section 2366b of 
this title; and
``(D) concur that the requirements in the program capability 
document are necessary and realistic in relation to program cost 
and fielding targets as required by paragraph (1) before 
Milestone C approval is granted.''.
SEC. 834. REQUIREMENT TO EMPHASIZE RELIABILITY AND MAINTAINABILITY 
IN WEAPON SYSTEM DESIGN.
(a) Sustainment Factors in Weapon System Design.--
(1) In general.--Chapter 144 of title 10, United States 
Code, as amended by section 832, is further amended by adding at 
the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2443. <>  Sustainment factors in weapon 
system design
``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
defense acquisition system gives ample emphasis to sustainment factors, 
particularly those factors that are affected principally by the design 
of a weapon system, in the development of a weapon system.
``(b) Requirements Process.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
reliability and maintainability are included in the performance 
attributes of the key performance parameter on sustainment during the 
development of capabilities requirements.
``(c) Solicitation and Award of Contracts.--
``(1) Requirement.--The program manager of a weapon system 
shall include in the solicitation for and terms of a covered 
contract for the weapon system clearly defined and measurable 
requirements for engineering activities and design 
specifications for reliability and maintainability.
``(2) Exception.--If the program manager determines that 
engineering activities and design specifications for reliability 
or maintainability should not be a requirement in a covered 
contract or a solicitation for such a contract, the program 
manager shall document in writing the justification for the 
decision.
``(3) Source selection criteria.--The Secretary shall ensure 
that sustainment factors, including reliability and 
maintainability, are given ample emphasis in the process for 
source selection. The Secretary shall encourage the use of 
objective reliability and maintainability criteria in the 
evaluation of competitive proposals.
``(d) Contract Performance.--
``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
Department of Defense uses best practices for responding to the 
positive or negative performance of a contractor in meeting
[[Page 131 STAT. 1470]]
the sustainment requirements of a covered contract for a weapon 
system. The Secretary shall encourage the use of incentive fees 
and penalties as appropriate and authorized in paragraph (2) in 
all covered contracts for weapons systems.
``(2) Authority for incentive fees and penalties.--The 
Secretary of Defense is authorized to include in any covered 
contract provisions for the payment of incentive fees to the 
contractor based on achievement of design specification 
requirements for reliability and maintainability of weapons 
systems under the contract, or the imposition of penalties to be 
paid by the contractor to the Government for failure to achieve 
such design specification requirements. Information about such 
fees or penalties shall be included in the solicitation for any 
covered contract that includes such fees or penalties.
``(3) Measurement of reliability and maintainability.--In 
carrying out paragraph (2), the program manager shall base 
determinations of a contractor's performance on reliability and 
maintainability data collected during the program. Such data 
collection and associated evaluation metrics shall be described 
in detail in the covered contract. To the maximum extent 
practicable, such data shall be shared with appropriate 
contractor and government organizations.
``(4) Notification.--The Secretary of Defense shall notify 
the congressional defense committees upon entering into a 
covered contract that includes incentive fees or penalties 
authorized in paragraph (2).
``(e) Covered Contract Defined.--In this section, the term `covered 
contract', with respect to a weapon system, means a contract--
``(1) for the engineering and manufacturing development of a 
weapon system, including embedded software; or
``(2) for the production of a weapon system, including 
embedded software.''.
(2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of subchapter I of such chapter, as amended by section 
832, <>  is further amended by adding 
at the end the following new item:
``2443. Sustainment factors in weapon system design.''.
(b) <>  Effective Date for Certain 
Provisions.--Subsections (c) and (d) of section 2443 of title 10, United 
States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall apply with respect to any 
covered contract (as defined in that section) for which the contract 
solicitation is issued on or after the date occurring one year after the 
date of the enactment of this Act.
(c) <>  Engineering Change Authorized.--
Subject to the availability of appropriations, the Secretary of Defense 
may fund engineering changes to the design of a weapon system in the 
engineering and manufacturing development phase or in the production 
phase of an acquisition program to improve reliability or 
maintainability of the weapon system and reduce projected operating and 
support costs.
SEC. 835. LICENSING OF APPROPRIATE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY TO 
SUPPORT MAJOR WEAPON SYSTEMS.
(a) Negotiation of Price for Technical Data Before Development or 
Production of Major Weapon System.--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1471]]
(1) Requirement.--Chapter 144 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting after section 2438 the following 
new section:
``Sec. 2439. <>  Negotiation of price for 
technical data before development or production 
of major weapon systems
``The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the Department of 
Defense, before selecting a contractor for the engineering and 
manufacturing development of a major weapon system, or for the 
production of a major weapon system, negotiates a price for technical 
data to be delivered under a contract for such development or 
production.''.
(2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such chapter <>  is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2438 the 
following new item:
``2439. Negotiation of price for technical data before development or 
production of major weapon systems.''.
(3) <>  Effective date.--Section 
2439 of title 10, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), 
shall apply with respect to any contract for engineering and 
manufacturing development of a major weapon system, or for the 
production of a major weapon system, for which the contract 
solicitation is issued on or after the date occurring one year 
after the date of the enactment of this Act.
(b) Written Determination for Milestone B Approval.--
(1) In general.--Subsection (a)(3) of section 2366b of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
(A) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph 
(M); and
(B) by inserting after subparagraph (N) the 
following new subparagraph:
``(O) appropriate actions have been taken to 
negotiate and enter into a contract or contract options 
for the technical data required to support the program; 
and''.
(2) <>  Effective date.--Section 
2366b(a)(3)(O) of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
paragraph (1), shall apply with respect to any major defense 
acquisition program receiving Milestone B approval on or after 
the date occurring one year after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.
(c) Preference for Negotiation of Customized License Agreements.--
Section 2320 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
(g) and (h), respectively; and
(2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
subsection (f):
``(f) Preference for Specially Negotiated Licenses.--The Secretary 
of Defense shall, to the maximum extent practicable, negotiate and enter 
into a contract with a contractor for a specially negotiated license for 
technical data to support the product support strategy of a major weapon 
system or subsystem of a major weapon system. In performing the 
assessment and developing the corresponding strategy required under 
subsection (e) for such a system or subsystem, a program manager shall 
consider the use of specially
[[Page 131 STAT. 1472]]
negotiated licenses to acquire customized technical data appropriate for 
the particular elements of the product support strategy.''.
SEC. 836. CODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS PERTAINING TO ASSESSMENT, 
MANAGEMENT, AND CONTROL OF OPERATING AND 
SUPPORT COSTS FOR MAJOR WEAPON SYSTEMS.
(a) Codification and Amendment.--
(1) In general.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting after section 2337 the following 
new section:
``Sec. 2337a. <>  Assessment, management, and 
control of operating and support costs for 
major weapon systems
``(a) Guidance Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall issue and 
maintain guidance on actions to be taken to assess, manage, and control 
Department of Defense costs for the operation and support of major 
weapon systems.
``(b) Elements.--The guidance required by subsection (a) shall, at a 
minimum--
``(1) be issued in conjunction with the comprehensive 
guidance on life-cycle management and the development and 
implementation of product support strategies for major weapon 
systems required by section 2337 of this title;
``(2) require the military departments to retain each 
estimate of operating and support costs that is developed at any 
time during the life cycle of a major weapon system, together 
with supporting documentation used to develop the estimate;
``(3) require the military departments to update estimates 
of operating and support costs periodically throughout the life 
cycle of a major weapon system, to determine whether preliminary 
information and assumptions remain relevant and accurate, and 
identify and record reasons for variances;
``(4) establish policies and procedures for the collection, 
organization, maintenance, and availability of standardized data 
on operating and support costs for major weapon systems in 
accordance with section 2222 of this title;
``(5) establish standard requirements for the collection and 
reporting of data on operating and support costs for major 
weapon systems by contractors performing weapon system 
sustainment functions in an appropriate format, and develop 
contract clauses to ensure that contractors comply with such 
requirements;
``(6) require the military departments--
``(A) to collect and retain data from operational 
and developmental testing and evaluation on the 
reliability and maintainability of major weapon systems; 
and
``(B) to use such data to inform system design 
decisions, provide insight into sustainment costs, and 
inform estimates of operating and support costs for such 
systems;
``(7) require the military departments to ensure that 
sustainment factors are fully considered at key life-cycle 
management decision points and that appropriate measures are 
taken to reduce operating and support costs by influencing 
system design early in development, developing sound sustainment 
strategies, and addressing key drivers of costs;
``(8) require the military departments to conduct an 
independent logistics assessment of each major weapon system 
prior
[[Page 131 STAT. 1473]]
to key acquisition decision points (including milestone 
decisions) to identify features that are likely to drive future 
operating and support costs, changes to system design that could 
reduce such costs, and effective strategies for managing such 
costs;
``(9) include--
``(A) reliability metrics for major weapon systems; 
and
``(B) requirements on the use of metrics under 
subparagraph (A) as triggers--
``(i) to conduct further investigation and 
analysis into drivers of those metrics; and
``(ii) to develop strategies for improving 
reliability, availability, and maintainability of 
such systems at an affordable cost; and
``(10) require the military departments to conduct periodic 
reviews of operating and support costs of major weapon systems 
after such systems achieve initial operational capability to 
identify and address factors resulting in growth in operating 
and support costs and adapt support strategies to reduce such 
costs.
``(c) Retention of Data on Operating and Support Costs.--
``(1) In general.--The Director of Cost Assessment and 
Program Evaluation shall be responsible for developing and 
maintaining a database on operating and support estimates, 
supporting documentation, and actual operating and support costs 
for major weapon systems.
``(2) Support.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
the Director, in carrying out such responsibility--
``(A) promptly receives the results of all cost 
estimates and cost analyses conducted by the military 
departments with regard to operating and support costs 
of major weapon systems;
``(B) has timely access to any records and data of 
the military departments (including classified and 
proprietary information) that the Director considers 
necessary to carry out such responsibility; and
``(C) with the concurrence of the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, may direct the 
military departments to collect and retain information 
necessary to support the database.
``(d) Major Weapon System Defined.--In this section, the term `major 
weapon system' has the meaning given that term in section 2379(f) of 
title 10, United States Code.''.
(2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 137 of such title <>  is amended by adding after the item relating to section 
2337 the following new item:
``2337a. Assessment, management, and control of operating and support 
costs for major weapon systems.''.
(b) Repeal of Superseded Section.--
(1) Repeal.--Section 832 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 
U.S.C. 2430 note) is repealed.
(2) Conforming amendment.--Section 2441(c) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``section 2337 of 
this title'' and all that follows through the period and 
inserting ``sections 2337 and 2337a of this title.''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1474]]
SEC. 837. <>  SHOULD-COST MANAGEMENT.
(a) Requirement for Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall amend 
the Defense Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation to provide 
for the appropriate use of the should-cost review process of a major 
weapon system in a manner that is transparent, objective, and provides 
for the efficiency of the systems acquisition process in the Department 
of the Defense.
(b) Required Elements.--The regulations required under subsection 
(a) shall incorporate, at a minimum, the following elements:
(1) A description of the features of the should-cost review 
process.
(2) Establishment of a process for communicating with the 
prime contractor on the program the elements of a proposed 
should-cost review.
(3) A method for ensuring that identified should-cost 
savings opportunities are based on accurate, complete, and 
current information and can be quantified and tracked.
(4) A description of the training, skills, and experience 
that Department of Defense and contractor officials carrying out 
a should-cost review in subsection (a) should possess.
(5) A method for ensuring appropriate collaboration with the 
contractor throughout the review process.
(6) Establishment of review process requirements that 
provide for sufficient analysis and minimize any impact on 
program schedule.
SEC. 838. IMPROVEMENTS TO TEST AND EVALUATION PROCESSES AND TOOLS.
(a) Developmental Test Plan Sufficiency Assessments.--
(1) Addition to milestone b brief summary report.--Section 
2366b(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(A) by redesignating subparagraph (G) as 
subparagraph (H); and
(B) by inserting after subparagraph (F) the 
following new subparagraph (G):
``(G) An assessment of the sufficiency of 
developmental test and evaluation plans, including the 
use of automated data analytics or modeling and 
simulation tools and methodologies.''.
(2) Addition to milestone c brief summary report.--Section 
2366c(a) of such title is amended by inserting after paragraph 
(3) the following new paragraph:
``(4) An assessment of the sufficiency of the developmental 
test and evaluation completed, including the use of automated 
data analytics or modeling and simulation tools and 
methodologies.''.
(3) <>  Responsibility for 
conducting assessments.--For purposes of the sufficiency 
assessments required by section 2366b(c)(1) and section 
2366c(a)(4) of such title, as added by paragraphs (1) and (2), 
with respect to a major defense acquisition program--
(A) if the milestone decision authority for the 
program is the service acquisition executive of the 
military department that is managing the program, the 
sufficiency assessment shall be conducted by the senior 
official within the
[[Page 131 STAT. 1475]]
military department with responsibility for 
developmental testing; and
(B) if the milestone decision authority for the 
program is the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment, the sufficiency assessment 
shall be conducted by the senior Department of Defense 
official with responsibility for developmental testing.
(4) <>  Guidance required.--Within one 
year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the senior 
Department of Defense official with responsibility for 
developmental testing shall develop guidance for the sufficiency 
assessments required by section 2366b(c)(1) and section 
2366c(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
paragraphs (1) and (2). At a minimum, the guidance shall 
require--
(A) for the sufficiency assessment required by 
section 2366b(c)(1) of such title, that the assessment 
address the sufficiency of--
(i) the developmental test and evaluation 
plan;
(ii) the developmental test and evaluation 
schedule, including a comparison to historic 
analogous systems;
(iii) the developmental test and evaluation 
resources (facilities, personnel, test assets, 
data analytics tools, and modeling and simulation 
capabilities);
(iv) the risks of developmental test and 
production concurrency; and
(v) the developmental test criteria for 
entering the production phase; and
(B) for the sufficiency assessment required by 
section 2366c(a)(4) of such title, that the assessment 
address--
(i) the sufficiency of the developmental test 
and evaluation completed;
(ii) the sufficiency of the plans and 
resources available for remaining developmental 
test and evaluation;
(iii) the risks identified during 
developmental testing to the production and 
deployment phase;
(iv) the sufficiency of the plans and 
resources for remaining developmental test and 
evaluation; and
(v) the readiness of the system to perform 
scheduled initial operational test and evaluation.
(b) Evaluation of Department of Defense Need for Centralized Tools 
for Developmental Test and Evaluation.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
evaluate the strategy of the Department of Defense for developing and 
expanding the use of tools designed to facilitate the cost effectiveness 
and efficiency of developmental testing, including automated test 
methods and tools, modeling and simulation tools, and data analytics 
technologies. The evaluation shall include a determination of the 
appropriate role of the senior Department of Defense official with 
responsibility for developmental testing in developing enterprise level 
strategies related to such types of testing tools.
SEC. 839. <>  ENHANCEMENTS TO 
TRANSPARENCY IN TEST AND EVALUATION 
PROCESSES AND DATA.
(a) Additional Test and Evaluation Duties of Military Secretaries 
and Defense Agency Heads.--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1476]]
(1) Report on comparison of operational test and evaluation 
results to legacy items or components.--Concurrent with the 
submission of a report required under section 2399(b)(2) of 
title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of a military 
department or the head of a Defense Agency may provide to the 
congressional defense committees and the Secretary of Defense a 
report describing of the performance of the items or components 
evaluated as part of the operational test and evaluation for 
each major defense acquisition program conducted under such 
section by the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation in 
relation to comparable legacy items or components, if such items 
or components exist and relevant data are available without 
requiring additional testing.
(2) Additional report on operational test and evaluation 
activities.--Within 45 days after the submission of an annual 
report required by section 139(h) of title 10, United States 
Code, the Secretaries of the military departments may each 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
addressing any concerns related to information included in the 
annual report, or providing updated or additional information, 
as appropriate.
(b) Requirements for Collection of Cost Data on Test and 
Evaluation.--
(1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act and subject to paragraph (2), the 
Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, the senior official 
of the Department of Defense with responsibility for 
developmental testing, and the Director of the Test Resource 
Management Center shall jointly develop policies, procedures, 
guidance, and a method to collect data that ensures that 
consistent and high quality data are collected on the full range 
of estimated and actual developmental, live fire, and 
operational testing costs for major defense acquisition 
programs.
(2) Concurrence and coordination required.--Before 
implementing the policies, procedures, guidance, and method 
developed under paragraph (1), the Director of Operational Test 
and Evaluation, the senior official of the Department of Defense 
with responsibility for developmental testing, and the Director 
of the Test Resource Management Center shall--
(A) obtain the concurrence of the Director for Cost 
Assessment and Program Evaluation; and
(B) coordinate with the Secretaries of the military 
departments.
(3) Data requirements.--
(A) Electronic database.--Data on estimated and 
actual developmental, live fire, and operational testing 
costs shall be maintained in an electronic database 
maintained by the Director for Cost Assessment and 
Program Evaluation or another appropriate official of 
the Department of Defense, and shall be made available 
for analysis by testing, acquisition, and other 
appropriate officials of the Department of Defense, as 
determined by the Director of Operational Test and 
Evaluation, the senior official of the Department of 
Defense with responsibility for developmental testing, 
or the Director of the Test Resource Management Center.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1477]]
(B) Diaggregation by costs.--To the maximum extent 
practicable, data collected under this subsection shall 
be set forth separately by costs for developmental 
testing, operational testing, and training.
(c) Major Defense Acquisition Program Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``major defense acquisition program'' has the meaning provided in 
section 2430 of title 10, United States Code.
Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce
SEC. 841. ENHANCEMENTS TO THE CIVILIAN PROGRAM MANAGEMENT 
WORKFORCE.
(a) <>  Establishment of Program Manager 
Development Program.--
(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall 
implement a program manager development program to provide for 
the professional development of high-potential, experienced 
civilian personnel. Personnel shall be competitively selected 
for the program based on their potential to become a program 
manager of a major defense acquisition program, as defined in 
section 2430 of title 10, United States Code. The program shall 
be administered and overseen by the Secretary of each military 
department, acting through the service acquisition executive for 
the department concerned.
(2) Plan required.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
the House of Representatives a comprehensive plan to implement 
the program established under paragraph (1). In developing the 
plan, the Secretary of Defense shall seek the input of relevant 
external parties, including professional associations, other 
government entities, and industry. The plan shall include the 
following elements:
(A) An assessment of the minimum level of subject 
matter experience, education, years of experience, 
certifications, and other qualifications required to be 
selected into the program, set forth separately for 
current Department of Defense employees and for 
personnel hired into the program from outside the 
Department of Defense.
(B) A description of hiring flexibilities to be used 
to recruit qualified personnel from outside the 
Department of Defense.
(C) A description of the extent to which mobility 
agreements will be required to be signed by personnel 
selected for the program during their participation in 
the program and after their completion of the program. 
The use of mobility agreements shall be applied to help 
maximize the flexibility of the Department of Defense in 
assigning personnel, while not inhibiting the 
participation of the most capable candidates.
(D) A description of the tenure obligation required 
of personnel selected for the program.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1478]]
(E) A plan for training during the course of the 
program, including training in leadership, program 
management, engineering, finance and budgeting, market 
research, business acumen, contracting, supplier 
management, requirement setting and tradeoffs, 
intellectual property matters, and software.
(F) A description of career paths to be followed by 
personnel in the program in order to ensure that 
personnel in the program gain expertise in the program 
management functional career field competencies 
identified by the Department in existing guidance and 
the topics listed in subparagraph (E), including--
(i) a determination of the types of advanced 
educational degrees that enhance program 
management skills and the mechanisms available to 
the Department of Defense to facilitate the 
attainment of those degrees by personnel in the 
program;
(ii) a determination of required assignments 
to positions within acquisition programs, 
including position type and acquisition category 
of the program office;
(iii) a determination of required or 
encouraged rotations to career broadening 
positions outside of acquisition programs; and
(iv) a determination of how the program will 
ensure the opportunity for a required rotation to 
industry of at least six months to develop an 
understanding of industry motivation and business 
acumen, such as by developing an industry exchange 
program for civilian program managers, similar to 
the Corporate Fellows Program of the Secretary of 
Defense.
(G) A general description of the number of personnel 
anticipated to be selected into the program, how 
frequently selections will occur, how long personnel 
selected into the program will participate in the 
program, and how personnel will be placed into an 
assignment at the completion of the program.
(H) A description of benefits that will be offered 
under the program using existing human capital 
flexibilities to retain qualified employees, such as 
student loan repayments, bonuses, or pay banding.
(I) An assessment of personnel flexibilities needed 
to allow the military departments and the Defense 
Agencies to reassign or remove program managers that do 
not perform effectively.
(J) A description of how the program will be 
administered and overseen by the Secretaries of each 
military department, acting through the service 
acquisition executive for the department concerned.
(K) A description of how the program will be 
integrated with existing program manager development 
efforts at each military department.
(3) Use of defense acquisition workforce development fund.--
Amounts in the Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
Development Fund (established under section 1705 of title 10, 
United States Code) may be used to pay the base salary of 
personnel in the program established under paragraph (1) during 
the period of time such personnel are temporarily
[[Page 131 STAT. 1479]]
assigned to a developmental rotation or training program 
anticipated to last at least six months.
(4) Implementation.--The program established under paragraph 
(1) shall be implemented not later than September 30, 2019.
(b) Independent Study of Incentives for Program Managers.--
(1) Requirement for study.--Not later than 30 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall enter into a contract with an independent research entity 
described in paragraph (2) to carry out a comprehensive study of 
incentives for Department of Defense civilian and military 
program managers for major defense acquisition programs, 
including--
(A) additional pay options for program managers to 
provide incentives to senior civilian employees and 
military officers to accept and remain in program 
manager roles;
(B) a financial incentive structure to reward 
program managers for delivering capabilities on budget 
and on time; and
(C) a comparison between financial and non-financial 
incentive structures for program managers in the 
Department of Defense and an appropriate comparison 
group of private industry companies.
(2) Independent research entity.--The entity described in 
this subsection is an independent research entity that is a not-
for-profit entity or a federally funded research and development 
center with appropriate expertise and analytical capability.
(3) Reports.--
(A) To secretary.--Not later than nine months after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the independent 
research entity shall provide to the Secretary a report 
containing--
(i) the results of the study required by 
paragraph (1); and
(ii) such recommendations to improve the 
financial incentive structure of program managers 
for major defense acquisition programs as the 
independent research entity considers to be 
appropriate.
(B) To congress.--Not later than 30 days after 
receipt of the report under subparagraph (A), the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit such report, together 
with any additional views or recommendations of the 
Secretary, to the congressional defense committees.
SEC. 842. CREDITS TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION WORKFORCE 
DEVELOPMENT FUND.
Section 1705(d)(2)(D) of title 10, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:
``(D) The Secretary of Defense may adjust the amount 
specified in subparagraph (C) for a fiscal year if the Secretary 
determines that the amount is greater or less than reasonably 
needed for purposes of the Fund for such fiscal year. The 
Secretary may not adjust the amount for a fiscal year to an 
amount that is more than $600,000,000 or less than 
$400,000,000.''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1480]]
SEC. 843. IMPROVEMENTS TO THE HIRING AND TRAINING OF THE 
ACQUISITION WORKFORCE.
(a) Use of Funds From the Defense Acquisition Workforce Development 
Fund to Pay Salaries of Personnel to Manage the Fund.--
(1) In general.--Subsection 1705(e) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
(A) in paragraph (1)--
(i) by inserting ``(A)'' before ``Subject to 
the provisions of this subsection''; and
(ii) by adding at the end the following new 
subparagraph:
``(B) Amounts in the Fund also may be used to pay salaries 
of personnel at the Office of the Secretary of Defense, military 
departments, and Defense Agencies to manage the Fund.''; and
(B) in paragraph (3)--
(i) by striking ``and'' at the end of 
subparagraph (C);
(ii) by striking the period and inserting ``; 
and'' at the end of subparagraph (D); and
(iii) by adding at the end the following new 
subparagraph:
``(E) describing the amount from the Fund that may 
be used to pay salaries of personnel at the Office of 
the Secretary of Defense, military departments, and 
Defense Agencies to manage the Fund and the 
circumstances under which such amounts may be used for 
such purpose.''.
(2) <>  Guidance.--Not later than 
180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense shall issue, and submit to the 
congressional defense committees, the policy guidance required 
by subparagraph (E) of section 1705(e)(3) of title 10, United 
States Code, as added by paragraph (1).
(b) Comptroller General Review of Effectiveness of Hiring and 
Retention Flexibilities for Acquisition Workforce Personnel.--
(1) In general.--Not later than June 30, 2019, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the effectiveness 
of hiring and retention flexibilities for the acquisition 
workforce.
(2) Elements.--The report under this subsection shall 
include the following:
(A) A determination of the extent to which the 
Department of Defense experiences challenges with 
recruitment and retention of the acquisition workforce, 
such as post-employment restrictions.
(B) A description of the hiring and retention 
flexibilities available to the Department to fill 
civilian acquisition positions and the extent to which 
the Department has used the flexibilities available to 
it to target critical or understaffed career fields.
(C) A determination of the extent to which the 
Department has the necessary data and metrics on its use 
of hiring and retention flexibilities for the civilian 
acquisition workforce to strategically manage the use of 
such flexibilities.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1481]]
(D) An identification of the factors that affect the 
use of hiring and retention flexibilities for the 
civilian acquisition workforce.
(E) Recommendations for any necessary changes to the 
hiring and retention flexibilities available to the 
Department to fill civilian acquisition positions.
(F) A description of the flexibilities available to 
the Department to remove underperforming members of the 
acquisition workforce and the extent to which any such 
flexibilities are used.
(c) Assessment and Report Required on Business-related Training for 
the Acquisition Workforce.--
(1) Assessment.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment shall conduct an assessment of the 
following:
(A) The effectiveness of industry certifications, 
other industry training programs, including fellowships, 
and training and education programs at educational 
institutions outside of the Defense Acquisition 
University available to defense acquisition workforce 
personnel.
(B) Gaps in knowledge of industry operations, 
industry motivation, and business acumen in the 
acquisition workforce.
(2) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2018, the Under 
Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report containing 
the results of the assessment conducted under this subsection.
(3) Elements.--The assessment and report under paragraphs 
(1) and (2) shall address the following:
(A) Current sources of training and career 
development opportunities, industry rotations, and other 
career development opportunities related to knowledge of 
industry operations, industry motivation, and business 
acumen for each acquisition position, as designated 
under section 1721 of title 10, United States Code.
(B) Gaps in training, industry rotations, and other 
career development opportunities related to knowledge of 
industry operations, industry motivation, and business 
acumen for each such acquisition position.
(C) Plans to address those gaps for each such 
acquisition position.
(D) Consideration of the role industry-taught 
classes and classes taught at educational institutions 
outside of the Defense Acquisition University could play 
in addressing gaps.
(d) Comptroller General Review of Acquisition Training for Non-
acquisition Workforce Personnel.--
(1) In general.--Not later than June 30, 2019, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on acquisition-related 
training for personnel working on acquisitions but not 
considered to be part of the acquisition workforce (as defined 
in section 101(18) of title 10, United States Code) (hereafter 
in this subsection referred to as ``non-acquisition workforce 
personnel'').
(2) Elements.--The report shall address the following:
[[Page 131 STAT. 1482]]
(A) The extent to which non-acquisition workforce 
personnel play a significant role in defining 
requirements, conducting market research, participating 
in source selection and contract negotiation efforts, 
and overseeing contract performance.
(B) The extent to which the Department is able to 
identify and track non-acquisition workforce personnel 
performing the roles identified in subparagraph (A).
(C) The extent to which non-acquisition workforce 
personnel are taking acquisition training.
(D) The extent to which the Defense Acquisition 
Workforce Development Fund has been used to provide 
acquisition training to non-acquisition workforce 
personnel.
(E) A description of sources of funding other than 
the Fund that are available to and used by the 
Department to provide non-acquisition workforce 
personnel with acquisition training.
(F) The extent to which additional acquisition 
training is needed for non-acquisition workforce 
personnel, including the types of training needed, the 
positions that need the training, and any challenges to 
delivering necessary additional training.
SEC. 844. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATIONS TO ACQUISITION DEMONSTRATION 
PROJECT.
(a) Extension.--Section 1762(g) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``December 31, 2020'' and inserting ``December 31, 
2023''.
(b) Increase in Limit on Number of Participants.--Section 1762(c) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``the demonstration 
project under this section may not exceed 120,000'' and inserting ``at 
any one time the demonstration project under this section may not exceed 
130,000''.
(c) Implementation Strategy for Improvements in Acquisition 
Demonstration Project.--
(1) Strategy required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
develop an implementation strategy to address areas for 
improvement in the demonstration project required by section 
1762 of title 10, United States Code, as identified in the 
second assessment of such demonstration project required by 
section 1762(e) of such title.
(2) Elements.--The strategy shall include the following 
elements:
(A) Actions that have been or will be taken to 
assess whether the flexibility to set starting salaries 
at different levels is being used appropriately by 
supervisors and managers to compete effectively for 
highly skilled and motivated employees.
(B) Actions that have been or will be taken to 
assess reasons for any disparities in career outcomes 
across race and gender for employees in the 
demonstration project.
(C) Actions that have been or will be taken to 
strengthen the link between employee contribution and 
compensation for employees in the demonstration project.
(D) Actions that have been or will be taken to 
enhance the transparency of the pay system for employees 
in the demonstration project.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1483]]
(E) A time frame and individual responsible for each 
action identified under subparagraphs (A) through (D).
(3) Briefing required.--Not later than one year after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall provide a briefing to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives 
on the implementation strategy required by paragraph (1).
Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items
SEC. 846. <> PROCUREMENT THROUGH 
COMMERCIAL E-COMMERCE PORTALS.
(a) Establishment of Program.--The Administrator shall establish a 
program to procure commercial products through commercial e-commerce 
portals for purposes of enhancing competition, expediting procurement, 
enabling market research, and ensuring reasonable pricing of commercial 
products. The Administrator shall carry out the program in accordance 
with this section, through multiple contracts with multiple commercial 
e-commerce portal providers, and shall design the program to be 
implemented in phases with the objective of enabling Government-wide use 
of such portals.
(b) Use of Program.--The head of a department or agency may procure, 
as appropriate, commercial products for the department or agency using 
the program established pursuant to subsection (a).
(c) Implementation and Reporting Requirements.--The Director of the 
Office of Management and Budget, in consultation with the Administrator 
and the heads of other relevant departments and agencies, shall carry 
out the implementation phases set forth in, and submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees the items of information required 
by, the following paragraphs:
(1) Phase i: implementation plan.--Not later than 90 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, an implementation 
plan and schedule for carrying out the program established 
pursuant to subsection (a), including a discussion and 
recommendations regarding whether any changes to, or exemptions 
from, laws that set forth policies, procedures, requirements, or 
restrictions for the procurement of property or services by the 
Federal Government are necessary for effective implementation of 
this section.
(2) Phase ii: market analysis and consultation.--Not later 
than one year after the date of the submission of the 
implementation plan and schedule required under paragraph (1), 
recommendations for any changes to, or exemptions from, laws 
necessary for effective implementation of this section, and 
information on the results of the following actions:
(A) Market analysis and initial communications with 
potential commercial e-commerce portal providers on 
technical considerations of how the portals function 
(including the use of standard terms and conditions of 
the portals by the Government), the degree of 
customization that can occur without creating a 
Government-unique portal, the
[[Page 131 STAT. 1484]]
measures necessary to address the considerations for 
supplier and product screening specified in subsection 
(e), security of data, considerations pertaining to 
nontraditional Government contractors, and potential 
fees, if any, to be charged by the Administrator, the 
portal provider, or the suppliers for participation in 
the program established pursuant to subsection (a).
(B) Consultation with affected departments and 
agencies about their unique procurement needs, such as 
supply chain risks for health care products, information 
technology, software, or any other category determined 
necessary by the Administrator.
(C) An assessment of the products or product 
categories that are suitable for purchase on the 
commercial e-commerce portals.
(D) An assessment of the precautions necessary to 
safeguard any information pertaining to the Federal 
Government, especially precautions necessary to protect 
against national security or cybersecurity threats.
(E) A review of standard terms and conditions of 
commercial e-commerce portals in the context of 
Government requirements.
(F) An assessment of the impact on existing 
programs, including schedules, set-asides for small 
business concerns, and other preference programs.
(3) Phase iii: program implementation guidance.--Not later 
than two years after the date of the submission of the 
implementation plan and schedule required under paragraph (1), 
guidance to implement and govern the use of the program 
established pursuant to subsection (a), including protocols for 
oversight of procurement through the program, and compliance 
with laws pertaining to supplier and product screening 
requirements, data security, and data analytics.
(4) Additional implementation phases.--A description of 
additional implementation phases, as determined by the 
Administrator, that includes a selection of agencies to 
participate in any such additional implementation phase (which 
may include the award of contracts to multiple commercial e-
commerce portal providers).
(d) Considerations for Commercial e-commerce Portals.--The 
Administrator shall consider commercial e-commerce portals for use under 
the program established pursuant to subsection (a) that are widely used 
in the private sector and have or can be configured to have features 
that facilitate the execution of program objectives, including features 
related to supplier and product selection that are frequently updated, 
an assortment of product and supplier reviews, invoicing payment, and 
customer service.
(e) Information on Suppliers, Products, and Purchases.--
(1) Supplier participation and product screening.--The 
Administrator shall provide or ensure electronic availability to 
a commercial e-commerce portal provider awarded a contract 
pursuant to subsection (a) on a periodic basis information 
necessary to ensure compliance with laws pertaining to supplier 
and product screening as identified during implementation phase 
III, as described in subsection (c)(3).
(2) Provision of order information.--The Administrator shall 
require each commercial e-commerce portal provider
[[Page 131 STAT. 1485]]
awarded a contract pursuant to subsection (a) to provide order 
information as determined by the Administrator during 
implementation phase II, as described in subsection (c)(2).
(f) Relationship to Other Provisions of Law.--
(1) All laws, including laws that set forth policies, 
procedures, requirements, or restrictions for the procurement of 
property or services by the Federal Government, apply to the 
program established pursuant to subsection (a) unless otherwise 
provided in this section.
(2) A procurement of a product made through a commercial e-
commerce portal under the program established pursuant to 
subsection (a) is deemed to be an award of a prime contract for 
purposes of the goals established under section 15(g) of the 
Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(g)), if the purchase is from a 
supplier that is a small business concern.
(3) Nothing in this section shall be construed as limiting 
the authority of a department or agency to restrict competition 
to small business concerns.
(4) Nothing in this section shall be construed as limiting 
the applicability of section 1341 of title 31, United States 
Code (popularly referred to as the Anti-Deficiency Act).
(g) Use of Commercial Practices and Standard Terms and Conditions.--
A procurement of a product through a commercial e-commerce portal used 
under the program established pursuant to subsection (a) shall be made, 
to the maximum extent practicable, under the standard terms and 
conditions of the portal relating to purchasing on the portal.
(h) Disclosure, Protection, and Use of Information.--In any contract 
awarded to a commercial e-commerce portal provider pursuant to 
subsection (a), the Administrator shall require that the provider--
(1) agree not to sell or otherwise make available to any 
third party any information pertaining to a product ordered by 
the Federal Government through the commercial e-commerce portal 
in a manner that identifies the Federal Government, or any of 
its departments or agencies, as the purchaser, except if the 
information is needed to process or deliver an order or the 
Administrator provides written consent;
(2) agree to take the necessary precautions to safeguard any 
information pertaining to the Federal Government, especially 
precautions necessary to protect against national security or 
cybersecurity threats; and
(3) agree not to use, for pricing, marketing, competitive, 
or other purposes, any information related to a product from a 
third-party supplier featured on the commercial e-commerce 
portal or the transaction of such a product, except as necessary 
to comply with the requirements of the program established 
pursuant to subsection (a).
(i) Simplified Acquisition Threshold.--A procurement through a 
commercial e-commerce portal used under the program established pursuant 
to subsection (a) shall not exceed the simplified acquisition threshold 
in section 134 of title 41, United States Code.
(j) Comptroller General Assessments.--
(1) Assessment of implementation plan.--Not later than 90 
days after the Director of the Office of Management and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1486]]
Budget submits the implementation plan described in subsection 
(c)(1) to the appropriate congressional committees, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees an assessment of the plan, 
including any other matters the Comptroller General considers 
relevant to the plan.
(2) Assessment of program implementation.--Not later than 
three years after the first contract with a commercial e-
commerce portal provider is awarded pursuant to subsection (a), 
the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report on the challenges 
and benefits the General Services Administration and 
participating departments and agencies observe regarding 
implementation of the program established pursuant to subsection 
(a). The report shall include the following elements:
(A) A description of the acquisition of the 
commercial e-commerce portals (including the extent to 
which the portals had to be configured or otherwise 
modified to meet the needs of the program) costs, and 
the implementation schedule.
(B) A description of participation by suppliers, 
with particular attention to those described under 
subsection (e), that have registered or that have sold 
goods with at least one commercial e-commerce portal 
provider, including numbers, categories, and trends.
(C) The effect, if any, of the program on the 
ability of agencies to meet goals established for 
suppliers and products described under subsection (e), 
including goals established under section 15(g) of the 
Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(g)).
(D) A discussion of the limitations, if any, to 
participation by suppliers in the program.
(E) Any other matters the Comptroller General 
considers relevant to report.
(k) Definitions.--In this section:
(1) Administrator.--The term ``Administrator'' means the 
Administrator of General Services.
(2) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
``appropriate congressional committees'' means the following:
(A) The Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives.
(B) The Committee on Homeland Security and 
Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on 
Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
Representatives.
(C) The Committee on Small Business and 
Entrepreneurship of the Senate and the Committee on 
Small Business of the House of Representatives.
(3) Commercial e-commerce portal.--The term ``commercial e-
commerce portal'' means a commercial solution providing for the 
purchase of commercial products aggregated, distributed, sold, 
or manufactured via an online portal. The term does not include 
an online portal managed by the Government for, or predominantly 
for use by, Government agencies.
(4) Commercial product.--The term ``commercial product'' 
means a commercially available off-the-shelf item, as defined
[[Page 131 STAT. 1487]]
in section 104 of title 41, United States Code, except the term 
does not include services.
(5) Small business concern.--The term ``small business 
concern'' has the meaning given such term under section 3 of the 
Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632).
SEC. 847. REVISION TO DEFINITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEM.
(a) In General.--Section 103(8) of title 41, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting before the period at the end the following: ``or to 
multiple foreign governments''.
(b) <> Effect on Section 2464 of Title 10.--
Nothing in the amendment made by subsection (a) shall affect the meaning 
of the term ``commercial item'' for purposes of subsection (a)(5) of 
section 2464 of title 10, United States Code, or any requirement under 
subsection (a)(3) or subsection (c) of such section.
SEC. 848. COMMERCIAL ITEM DETERMINATIONS.
Section 2380 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting ``(a) In 
General.--The Secretary''; and
(2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
``(b) Items Previously Acquired Using Commercial Item Acquisition 
Procedures.--
``(1) Determinations.--A contract for an item acquired using 
commercial item acquisition procedures under part 12 of the 
Federal Acquisition Regulation shall serve as a prior commercial 
item determination with respect to such item for purposes of 
this chapter unless the senior procurement executive of the 
military department or the Department of Defense as designated 
for purposes of section 1702(c) of title 41 determines in 
writing that it is no longer appropriate to acquire the item 
using commercial item acquisition procedures.
``(2) Limitation.--(A) Except as provided under subparagraph 
(B), funds appropriated or otherwise made available to the 
Department of Defense may not be used for the procurement under 
part 15 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation of an item that 
was previously acquired under a contract using commercial item 
acquisition procedures under part 12 of the Federal Acquisition 
Regulation.
``(B) The limitation under subparagraph (A) does not apply 
to the procurement of an item that was previously acquired using 
commercial item acquisition procedures under part 12 of the 
Federal Acquisition Regulation following--
``(i) a written determination by the head of 
contracting activity pursuant to section 2306a(b)(4)(B) 
of this title that the use of such procedures was 
improper; or
``(ii) a written determination by the senior 
procurement executive of the military department or the 
Department of Defense as designated for purposes of 
section 1702(c) of title 41 that it is no longer 
appropriate to acquire the item using such 
procedures.''.
SEC. 849. REVIEW OF REGULATIONS ON COMMERCIAL ITEMS.
(a) Review of Determinations Not to Exempt Department of Defense 
Contracts for Commercial Items and Commercially Available Off-the-shelf 
Items From Certain Laws and Regulations.--Not later than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1488]]
(1) review each determination of the Federal Acquisition 
Regulatory Council pursuant to section 1906(b)(2), section 
1906(c)(3), or section 1907(a)(2) of title 41, United States 
Code, not to exempt contracts and subcontracts described in 
subsection (a) of section 2375 of title 10, United States Code, 
from laws such contracts and subcontracts would otherwise be 
exempt from under section 1906(d) of title 41, United States 
Code; and
(2) propose revisions to the Department of Defense 
Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation to provide an 
exemption from each law subject to such determination unless the 
Secretary determines there is a specific reason not to provide 
the exemption.
(b) Review of Certain Contract Clause Requirements Applicable to 
Commercial Item Contracts.--Not later than one year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall--
(1) review the Department of Defense Supplement to the 
Federal Acquisition Regulation to assess all regulations that 
require a specific contract clause for a contract using 
commercial item acquisition procedures under part 12 of the 
Federal Acquisition Regulation, except for regulations required 
by law or Executive order; and
(2) propose revisions to the Department of Defense 
Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation to eliminate 
regulations reviewed under paragraph (1) unless the Secretary 
determines on a case-by-case basis that there is a specific 
reason not to eliminate the regulation.
(c) Elimination of Certain Contract Clause Regulations Applicable to 
Commercially Available Off-the-shelf Item Subcontracts.--Not later than 
one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall--
(1) review the Department of Defense Supplement to the 
Federal Acquisition Regulation to assess all regulations that 
require a prime contractor to include a specific contract clause 
in a subcontract for commercially available off-the-shelf items 
unless the inclusion of such clause is required by law or 
Executive order; and
(2) propose revisions to the Department of Defense 
Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation to eliminate 
regulations reviewed under paragraph (1) unless the Secretary 
determines on a case-by-case basis that there is a specific 
reason not to eliminate the regulation.
SEC. 850. <> TRAINING IN COMMERCIAL ITEMS 
PROCUREMENT.
(a) Training.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the President of the Defense Acquisition 
University shall establish a comprehensive training program on part 12 
of the Federal Acquisition Regulation. The training shall cover, at a 
minimum, the following topics:
(1) The origin of part 12 and the congressional mandate to 
prefer commercial procurements.
(2) The definition of a commercial item, with a particular 
focus on the ``of a type'' concept.
(3) Price analysis and negotiations.
(4) Market research and analysis.
(5) Independent cost estimates.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1489]]
(6) Parametric estimating methods.
(7) Value analysis.
(8) Best practices in pricing from commercial sector 
organizations, foreign government organizations, and other 
Federal, State, and local public sectors organizations.
(9) Other topics on commercial procurements necessary to 
ensure a well-educated acquisition workforce.
(b) Enrollments Goals.--The President of the Defense Acquisition 
University shall set goals for student enrollment for the comprehensive 
training program established under subsection (a).
(c) Supporting Activities.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in 
support of the achievement of the goals of this section--
(1) engage academic experts on research topics of interest 
to improve commercial item identification and pricing 
methodologies; and
(2) facilitate exchange and interface opportunities between 
government personnel to increase awareness of best practices and 
challenges in commercial item identification and pricing.
(d) Funding.--The Secretary of Defense shall use amounts available 
in the Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund 
established under section 1705 of title 10, United States Code, to fund 
the comprehensive training program established under subsection (a).
Subtitle F--Provisions Relating to Services Contracting
SEC. 851. IMPROVEMENT OF PLANNING FOR ACQUISITION OF SERVICES.
(a) In General.--
(1) Improvement of planning for acquisition of services.--
Chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting after section 2328 the following new section:
``Sec. 2329. <> Procurement of services: data 
analysis and requirements validation
``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that--
``(1) appropriate and sufficiently detailed data are 
collected and analyzed to support the validation of requirements 
for services contracts and inform the planning, programming, 
budgeting, and execution process of the Department of Defense;
``(2) requirements for services contracts are evaluated 
appropriately and in a timely manner to inform decisions 
regarding the procurement of services; and
``(3) decisions regarding the procurement of services 
consider available resources and total force management policies 
and procedures.
``(b) Specification of Amounts Requested in Budget.--Effective 
October 1, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall annually submit to 
Congress information on services contracts that clearly and separately 
identifies the amount requested for each category of services to be 
procured for each Defense Agency, Department of Defense Field Activity, 
command, or military installation. Such information shall--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1490]]
``(1) be submitted at or about the time of the budget 
submission by the President under section 1105(a) of title 31;
``(2) cover the fiscal year covered by such budget 
submission by the President;
``(3) be consistent with total amounts of estimated 
expenditures and proposed appropriations necessary to support 
the programs, projects, and activities of the Department of 
Defense included in such budget submission by the President for 
that fiscal year; and
``(4) be organized using a common enterprise data structure 
developed under section 2222 of this title.
``(c) Data Analysis.--(1) Each Secretary of a military department 
shall regularly analyze past spending patterns and anticipated future 
requirements with respect to the procurement of services within such 
military department.
``(2)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall regularly analyze past 
spending patterns and anticipated future requirements with respect to 
the procurement of services--
``(i) within each Defense Agency and Department of Defense 
Field Activity; and
``(ii) across military departments, Defense Agencies, and 
Department of Defense Field Activities.
``(B) The Secretaries of the military departments shall make data on 
services contracts available to the Secretary of Defense for purposes of 
conducting the analysis required under subparagraph (A).
``(3) The analyses conducted under this subsection shall--
``(A) identify contracts for similar services that are 
procured for three or more consecutive years at each Defense 
Agency, Department of Defense Field Activity, command, or 
military installation;
``(B) evaluate patterns in the procurement of services, to 
the extent practicable, at each Defense Agency, Department of 
Defense Field Activity, command, or military installation and by 
category of services procured;
``(C) be used to validate requirements for services 
contracts entered into after the date of the enactment of this 
subsection; and
``(D) be used to inform decisions on the award of and 
funding for such services contracts.
``(d) Requirements Evaluation.--Each Services Requirements Review 
Board shall evaluate each requirement for a services contract, taking 
into consideration total force management policies and procedures, 
available resources, the analyses conducted under subsection (c), and 
contracting efficacy and efficiency. An evaluation of a services 
contract for compliance with contracting policies and procedures may not 
be considered to be an evaluation of a requirement for such services 
contract.
``(e) Timely Planning to Avoid Bridge Contracts.--(1) Effective 
October 1, 2018, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that a 
requirements owner shall, to the extent practicable, plan appropriately 
before the date of need of a service at a Defense Agency, Department of 
Defense Field Activity, command, or military installation to avoid the 
use of a bridge contract to provide for continuation of a service to be 
performed through a services contract. Such planning shall include 
allowing time for a requirement
[[Page 131 STAT. 1491]]
to be validated, a services contract to be entered into, and funding for 
the services contract to be secured.
``(2)(A) Upon the first use, due to inadequate planning (as 
determined by the Secretary of Defense), of a bridge contract to provide 
for continuation of a service to be performed through a services 
contract, the requirements owner, along with the contracting officer or 
a designee of the contracting officer for the contract, shall--
``(i) for a services contract in an amount less than 
$10,000,000, provide an update on the status of the bridge 
contract (including the rationale for using the bridge contract) 
to the commander or the senior civilian official of the Defense 
Agency concerned, Department of Defense Field Activity 
concerned, command concerned, or military installation 
concerned, as applicable; or
``(ii) for a services contract in an amount equal to or 
greater than $10,000,000, provide an update on the status of the 
bridge contract (including the rationale for using the bridge 
contract) to the service acquisition executive for the military 
department concerned, the head of the Defense Agency concerned, 
the combatant commander concerned, or the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, as applicable.
``(B) Upon the second use, due to inadequate planning (as determined 
by the Secretary of Defense), of a bridge contract to provide for 
continuation of a service to be performed through a services contract in 
an amount less than $10,000,000, the commander or senior civilian 
official referred to in subparagraph (A)(i) shall provide notification 
of such second use to the Vice Chief of Staff of the armed force 
concerned and the service acquisition executive of the military 
department concerned, the head of the Defense Agency concerned, the 
combatant commander concerned, or the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment, as applicable.
``(f) Exception.--Except with respect to the analyses required under 
subsection (c), this section shall not apply to--
``(1) services contracts in support of contingency 
operations, humanitarian assistance, or disaster relief;
``(2) services contracts in support of a national security 
emergency declared with respect to a named operation; or
``(3) services contracts entered into pursuant to an 
international agreement.
``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
``(1) The term `bridge contact' means--
``(A) an extension to an existing contract beyond 
the period of performance to avoid a lapse in service 
caused by a delay in awarding a subsequent contract; or
``(B) a new short-term contract awarded on a sole-
source basis to avoid a lapse in service caused by a 
delay in awarding a subsequent contract.
``(2) The term `requirements owner' means a member of the 
armed forces (other than the Coast Guard) or a civilian employee 
of the Department of Defense responsible for a requirement for a 
service to be performed through a services contract.
``(3) The term `Services Requirements Review Board' has the 
meaning given in Department of Defense Instruction
[[Page 131 STAT. 1492]]
5000.74, titled `Defense Acquisition of Services' and dated 
January 5, 2016, or a successor instruction.''
(2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such chapter <> is amended 
by inserting after the item relating to section 2328 the 
following new item:
``2329. Procurement of services: data analysis and requirements 
validation.''.
SEC. 852. <> STANDARD GUIDELINES FOR 
EVALUATION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR SERVICES 
CONTRACTS.
(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall encourage the use of 
standard guidelines within the Department of Defense for the evaluation 
of requirements for services contracts. Such guidelines shall be 
available to the Services Requirements Review Boards (established under 
Department of Defense Instruction 5000.74, titled ``Defense Acquisition 
of Services'' and dated January 5, 2016, or a successor instruction) 
within each Defense Agency, each Department of Defense Field Activity, 
and each military department for the purpose of standardizing the 
requirements evaluation required under section 2329 of title 10, United 
States Code, as added by this Act.
(b) Definitions.--In this section--
(1) the terms ``Defense Agency'', ``Department of Defense 
Field Activity'', and ``military department'' have the meanings 
given those terms in section 101 of title 10, United States 
Code; and
(2) the term ``total force management policies and 
procedures'' means the policies and procedures established under 
section 129a of such title.
SEC. 853. REPORT ON OUTCOME-BASED SERVICES CONTRACTS.
Not later than April 1, 2018, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report on the merits of using outcome-based services 
contracts within the Department of Defense. Such report shall include a 
comparison of the use of outcome-based services contracts by the 
Department of Defense compared to input-based services contracts, the 
limitations of outcome-based services contracts, and an analysis of the 
cost implications of both approaches.
SEC. 854. <> PILOT PROGRAM FOR LONGER 
TERM MULTIYEAR SERVICE CONTRACTS.
(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a pilot 
program under which the Secretary may use the authority under subsection 
(a) of section 2306c of title 10, United States Code, to enter into up 
to five contracts for periods of not more than 10 years for services 
described in subsection (b) of such section. Each contract entered into 
pursuant to this subsection may be extended for up to five additional 
one-year terms.
(b) Study.--
(1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall enter 
into an agreement with an independent organization with relevant 
expertise to study best practices and lessons learned from using 
services contracts for periods longer than five years by 
commercial companies, foreign governments, and State 
governments, as well as service contracts for periods
[[Page 131 STAT. 1493]]
longer than five years used by the Federal Government, such as 
energy savings performance contracts (as defined in section to 
section 804(3) of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act 
(42 U.S.C. 8287c(3)).
(2) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report on the study 
conducted under paragraph (1).
(c) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than five years after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
States shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
the pilot program carried out under this section.
Subtitle G--Provisions Relating to Other Transaction Authority and 
Prototyping
SEC. 861. CONTRACT AUTHORITY FOR ADVANCED DEVELOPMENT OF INITIAL 
OR ADDITIONAL PROTOTYPE UNITS.
(a) Permanent Authority.--
(1) In general.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting after section 2302d the following 
new section:
``Sec. 2302e. <> Contract authority for 
advanced development of initial or additional 
prototype units
``(a) Authority.--A contract initially awarded from the competitive 
selection of a proposal resulting from a general solicitation referred 
to in section 2302(2)(B) of this title may contain a contract line item 
or contract option for--
``(1) the provision of advanced component development, 
prototype, or initial production of technology developed under 
the contract; or
``(2) the delivery of initial or additional items if the 
item or a prototype thereof is created as the result of work 
performed under the contract.
``(b) Limitations.--
``(1) Minimal amount.--A contract line item or contract 
option described in subsection (a)(2) shall require the delivery 
of the minimal amount of initial or additional items to allow 
for the timely competitive solicitation and award of a follow-on 
development or production contract for those items.
``(2) Term.--A contract line item or contract option 
described in subsection (a) shall be for a term of not more than 
2 years.
``(3) Dollar value of work.--The dollar value of the work to 
be performed pursuant to a contract line item or contract option 
described in subsection (a) may not exceed $100,000,000, in 
fiscal year 2017 constant dollars.
``(4) Applicability.--The authority provided in subsection 
(a) applies only to the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of 
the Army, the Secretary of the Navy, and the Secretary of the 
Air Force.''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1494]]
(2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such chapter <> is amended 
by inserting after the item relating to section 2302d the 
following new item:
``2302e. Contract authority for advanced development of initial or 
additional prototype units.''.
(b) Repeal of Obsolete Authority.--Section 819 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 
U.S.C. 2302 note) is hereby repealed.
SEC. 862. METHODS FOR ENTERING INTO RESEARCH AGREEMENTS.
Section 2358(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``or'';
(2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and 
inserting a semicolon; and
(3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
``(5) by transactions (other than contracts, cooperative 
agreements, and grants) entered into pursuant to section 2371 or 
2371b of this title; or
``(6) by purchases through procurement for experimental 
purposes pursuant to section 2373 of this title.''.
SEC. 863. EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR TRANSACTIONS OTHER THAN 
CONTRACTS AND GRANTS.
Section 2371 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
(2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
subsection:
``(g) Education and Training.--The Secretary of Defense shall--
``(1) ensure that management, technical, and contracting 
personnel of the Department of Defense involved in the award or 
administration of transactions under this section or other 
innovative forms of contracting are afforded opportunities for 
adequate education and training; and
``(2) establish minimum levels and requirements for 
continuous and experiential learning for such personnel, 
including levels and requirements for acquisition certification 
programs.''.
SEC. 864. OTHER TRANSACTION AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN PROTOTYPE 
PROJECTS.
(a) Expanded Authority for Prototype Projects.--Subsection (a)(2) of 
section 2371b of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by striking ``for a prototype project'' each place such 
term appears and inserting ``for a transaction (for a prototype 
project)'';
(2) in subparagraph (A)--
(A) by striking ``$50,000,000'' and inserting 
``$100,000,000''; and
(B) by striking ``$250,000,000'' and inserting 
``$500,000,000''; and
(3) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``$250,000,000'' and 
inserting ``$500,000,000''.
(b) Clarification of Inclusion of Small Businesses Participating in 
SBIR or STTR.--Subparagraph (B) of section 2371b(d)(1) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting ``(including small 
businesses participating in a program described under section
[[Page 131 STAT. 1495]]
9 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638))'' after ``small 
businesses''.
(c) Modification of Cost Sharing Requirement for Use of Other 
Transaction Authority.--Subparagraph (C) of such section is amended by 
striking ``provided by parties to the transaction'' and inserting 
``provided by sources other than''.
(d) Use of Other Transaction Authority for Ongoing Prototype 
Projects.--Subsection (f)(1) of section 2371b of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following: ``A transaction 
includes all individual prototype subprojects awarded under the 
transaction to a consortium of United States industry and academic 
institutions.''.
SEC. 865. <> AMENDMENT TO NONTRADITIONAL 
AND SMALL CONTRACTOR INNOVATION 
PROTOTYPING PROGRAM.
Section 884(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2318; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is 
amended--
(1) by redesignating paragraph (9) as paragraph (10); and
(2) by inserting after paragraph (8) the following new 
paragraph (9):
``(9) Unmanned ground logistics and unmanned air logistics 
capabilities enhancement.''.
SEC. 866. <> MIDDLE TIER OF ACQUISITION 
FOR RAPID PROTOTYPE AND RAPID FIELDING.
Section 804(c)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
(1) by striking subparagraph (C); and
(2) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) and (E) as 
subparagraphs (C) and (D), respectively.
SEC. 867. <> PREFERENCE FOR USE OF OTHER 
TRANSACTIONS AND EXPERIMENTAL AUTHORITY.
In the execution of science and technology and prototyping programs, 
the Secretary of Defense shall establish a preference, to be applied in 
circumstances determined appropriate by the Secretary, for using 
transactions other than contracts, cooperative agreements, and grants 
entered into pursuant to sections 2371 and 2371b of title 10, United 
States Code, and authority for procurement for experimental purposes 
pursuant to section 2373 of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 868. <> PROTOTYPE PROJECTS TO 
DIGITIZE DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS, 
POLICIES, AND GUIDANCE, AND EMPOWER USER 
TAILORING OF ACQUISITION PROCESS.
(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall conduct 
development efforts to develop prototypes to digitize defense 
acquisition regulations, policies, and guidance and to develop a digital 
decision support tool that facilitates the ability of users to tailor 
programs in accordance with existing laws, regulations, and guidance.
(b) Elements.--Under the prototype projects, the Secretary shall--
(1) convert existing acquisition policies, guides, memos, 
templates, and reports to an online, interactive digital format
[[Page 131 STAT. 1496]]
to create a dynamic, integrated, and authoritative knowledge 
environment for purposes of assisting program managers and the 
acquisition workforce of the Department of Defense to navigate 
the complex lifecycle for each major type of acquisition program 
or activity of the Department;
(2) as part of this digital environment, create a digital 
decision support capability that uses decision trees and 
tailored acquisition models to assist users to develop 
strategies and facilitate coordination and approvals; and
(3) as part of this environment, establish a foundational 
data layer to enable advanced data analytics on the acquisition 
enterprise of the Department, to include business process 
reengineering to improve productivity.
(c) Use of Prototypes in Acquisition Activities.--The Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall encourage the 
use of these prototypes to model, develop, and test any procedures, 
policies, instructions, or other forms of direction and guidance that 
may be required to support acquisition training, practices, and policies 
of the Department of Defense.
(d) Funding.--The Secretary may use the authority under section 
1705(e)(4)(B) of title 10, United States Code, to develop acquisition 
support prototypes and tools under this program.
Subtitle H--Provisions Relating to Software Acquisition
SEC. 871. NONCOMMERCIAL COMPUTER SOFTWARE ACQUISITION 
CONSIDERATIONS.
(a) In General.--
(1) Requirement.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States 
Code, as amended by section 802, is further amended by inserting 
after section 2322 the following new section:
``Sec. 2322a. <> Requirement for 
consideration of certain matters during 
acquisition of noncommercial computer software
``(a) Consideration Required.--As part of any negotiation for the 
acquisition of noncommercial computer software, the Secretary of Defense 
shall ensure that such negotiations consider, to the maximum extent 
practicable, acquisition, at the appropriate time in the life cycle of 
the noncommercial computer software, of all software and related 
materials necessary--
``(1) to reproduce, build, or recompile the software from 
original source code and required libraries;
``(2) to conduct required computer software testing; and
``(3) to deploy working computer software system binary 
files on relevant system hardware.
``(b) Delivery of Software and Related Materials.--Any noncommercial 
computer software or related materials required to be delivered as a 
result of considerations in subsection (a) shall, to the extent 
appropriate as determined by the Secretary--
``(1) include computer software delivered in a useable, 
digital format;
``(2) not rely on external or additional software code or 
data, unless such software code or data is included in the items 
to be delivered; and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1497]]
``(3) in the case of negotiated terms that do not allow for 
the inclusion of dependent software code or data, sufficient 
documentation to support maintenance and understanding of 
interfaces and software revision history.''.
(2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such chapter <> is amended 
by adding after the item relating to section 2322, as added by 
section 802, the following new item:
``2322a. Requirement for consideration of certain matters during 
acquisition of noncommercial computer software.''.
(b) <>  Guidance.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall issue updated guidance to implement section 2322a of title 10, 
United States Code, as added by subsection (a).
SEC. 872. DEFENSE INNOVATION BOARD ANALYSIS OF SOFTWARE 
ACQUISITION REGULATIONS.
(a) Study.--
(1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall direct 
the Defense Innovation Board to undertake a study on 
streamlining software development and acquisition regulations.
(2) Member participation.--The Chairman of the Defense 
Innovation Board shall select appropriate members from the 
membership of the Board to participate in the study, and may 
recommend additional temporary members or contracted support 
personnel to the Secretary of Defense for the purposes of the 
study. In considering additional appointments to the study, the 
Secretary of Defense shall ensure that members have significant 
technical, legislative, or regulatory expertise and reflect 
diverse experiences in the public and private sector.
(3) Scope.--The study conducted pursuant to paragraph (1) 
shall--
(A) review the acquisition regulations applicable 
to, and organizational structures within, the Department 
of Defense with a view toward streamlining and improving 
the efficiency and effectiveness of software acquisition 
in order to maintain defense technology advantage;
(B) review ongoing software development and 
acquisition programs, including a cross section of 
programs that offer a variety of application types, 
functional communities, and scale, in order to identify 
case studies of best and worst practices currently in 
use within the Department of Defense;
(C) produce specific and detailed recommendations 
for any legislation, including the amendment or repeal 
of regulations, as well as non-legislative approaches, 
that the members of the Board conducting the study 
determine necessary to--
(i) streamline development and procurement of 
software;
(ii) adopt or adapt best practices from the 
private sector applicable to Government use;
(iii) promote rapid adoption of new 
technology;
(iv) improve the talent management of the 
software acquisition workforce, including by 
providing incentives
[[Page 131 STAT. 1498]]
for the recruitment and retention of such 
workforce within the Department of Defense;
(v) ensure continuing financial and ethical 
integrity in procurement; and
(vi) protect the best interests of the 
Department of Defense; and
(D) produce such additional recommendations for 
legislation as such members consider appropriate.
(4) Access to information.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
provide the Defense Innovation Board with timely access to 
appropriate information, data, resources, and analysis so that 
the Board may conduct a thorough and independent analysis as 
required under this subsection.
(b) Reports.--
(1) Interim reports.--Not later than 150 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit a report to or brief the congressional defense committees 
on the interim findings of the study conducted pursuant to 
subsection (a). The Defense Innovation Board shall provide 
regular updates to the Secretary of Defense and the 
congressional defense committees for purposes of providing the 
interim report.
(2) Final report.--Not later than one year after the 
Secretary of Defense directs the Defense Advisory Board to 
conduct the study, the Board shall transmit a final report of 
the study to the Secretary. Not later than 30 days after 
receiving the final report, the Secretary of Defense shall 
transmit the final report, together with such comments as the 
Secretary determines appropriate, to the congressional defense 
committees.
SEC. 873. <> PILOT PROGRAM TO USE AGILE 
OR ITERATIVE DEVELOPMENT METHODS TO TAILOR 
MAJOR SOFTWARE-INTENSIVE WARFIGHTING 
SYSTEMS AND DEFENSE BUSINESS SYSTEMS.
(a) Pilot Program.--
(1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments 
and the chiefs of the armed forces, shall establish a pilot 
program to tailor and simplify software development requirements 
and methods for major software-intensive warfighting systems and 
defense business systems.
(2) Implementation plan for pilot program.--Not later than 
120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of 
the military departments and the chiefs of the armed forces, 
shall develop a plan for implementing the pilot program required 
under this subsection, including guidance for implementing the 
program and for selecting systems for participation in the 
program.
(3) Selection of systems for pilot program.--
(A) The implementation plan shall require that 
systems be selected as follows:
(i) For major software-intensive warfighting 
systems, one system per armed force and one 
defense-wide system, including at least one major 
defense
[[Page 131 STAT. 1499]]
acquisition program or major automated information 
system.
(ii) For defense business systems, not fewer 
than two systems and not greater than eight 
systems.
(B) In selecting systems for participation, the 
Secretary shall prioritize systems as follows:
(i) For major software-intensive warfighting 
systems, systems that--
(I) have identified software 
development as a high risk;
(II) have experienced cost growth 
and schedule delay; and
(III) did not deliver any 
operational capability within the prior 
calendar year.
(ii) For defense business systems, systems 
that--
(I) have experienced cost growth and 
schedule delay;
(II) did not deliver any operational 
capability within the prior calendar 
year; and
(III) are underperforming other 
systems within a defense business system 
portfolio with similar user 
requirements.
(b) Realignment Plans.--
(1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after selecting a 
system for the pilot program under subsection (a)(3), the 
Secretary shall develop a plan for realigning the system by 
breaking down the system into smaller increments using agile or 
iterative development methods. The realignment plan shall 
include a revised cost estimate that is lower than the cost 
estimate for the system that was current as of the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
(2) Realignment execution.--Each increment for a realigned 
system shall--
(A) be designed to deliver a meaningfully useful 
capability within the first 180 days following 
realignment;
(B) be designed to deliver subsequent meaningfully 
useful capabilities in time periods of less than 180 
days;
(C) incorporate multidisciplinary teams focused on 
software production that prioritize user needs and 
control of total cost of ownership;
(D) be staffed with highly qualified technically 
trained staff and personnel with management and business 
process expertise in leadership positions to support 
requirements modification, acquisition strategy, and 
program decisionmaking;
(E) ensure that the acquisition strategy for the 
realigned system is broad enough to allow for proposals 
of a service, system, modified business practice, 
configuration of personnel, or combination thereof for 
implementing the strategy;
(F) include periodic engagement with the user 
community, as well as representation by the user 
community in program management and software production 
activity;
(G) ensure that the acquisition strategy for the 
realigned system favors outcomes-based requirements 
definition and capability as a service, including the 
establishment of technical evaluation criteria as 
outcomes to be
[[Page 131 STAT. 1500]]
used to negotiate service-level agreements with vendors; 
and
(H) consider options for termination of the 
relationship with any vendor unable or unwilling to 
offer terms that meet the requirements of this section.
(c) Removal of Systems.--The Secretary may remove a system selected 
for the pilot program under subsection (a)(3) only after the Secretary 
submits to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a written determination that indicates that the selected 
system has been unsuccessful in reducing cost or schedule growth, or is 
not meeting the overall needs of the pilot program.
(d) Education and Training in Agile or Iterative Development 
Methods.--
(1) Training requirement.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
any personnel from the relevant organizations in each of the 
military departments and Defense Agencies participating in the 
pilot program, including organizations responsible for 
engineering, budgeting, contracting, test and evaluation, 
requirements validation, and certification and accreditation, 
receive targeted training in agile or iterative development 
methods, including the interim course required by section 891 of 
this Act.
(2) Support.--In carrying out the pilot program under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall ensure that personnel 
participating in the program provide feedback to inform the 
development of education and training curricula as required by 
section 891.
(e) Sunset.--The pilot program required under subsection (a) shall 
terminate on September 30, 2023. Any system selected under subsection 
(a)(3) for the pilot program shall continue after that date through the 
execution of its realignment plan.
(f) Agile or Iterative Development Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``agile or iterative development'', with respect to software--
(1) means acquisition pursuant to a method for delivering 
multiple, rapid, incremental capabilities to the user for 
operational use, evaluation, and feedback not exclusively linked 
to any single, proprietary method or process; and
(2) involves--
(A) the incremental development and fielding of 
capabilities, commonly called ``spirals'', ``spins'', or 
``sprints'', which can be measured in a few weeks or 
months; and
(B) continuous participation and collaboration by 
users, testers, and requirements authorities.
SEC. 874. <> SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT PILOT 
PROGRAM USING AGILE BEST PRACTICES.
(a) In General.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall identify no fewer 
than four and up to eight software development activities within the 
Department of Defense or military departments to be developed in a pilot 
program using agile acquisition methods.
(b) Streamlined Processes.--Software development activities 
identified under subsection (a) shall be selected for the pilot program 
and developed without incorporation of the following contract or 
transaction requirements:
[[Page 131 STAT. 1501]]
(1) Earned value management (EVM) or EVM-like reporting.
(2) Development of integrated master schedule.
(3) Development of integrated master plan.
(4) Development of technical requirement document.
(5) Development of systems requirement documents.
(6) Use of information technology infrastructure library 
agreements.
(7) Use of software development life cycle (methodology).
(c) Roles and Responsibilities.--
(1) In general.--Selected activities shall include the 
following roles and responsibilities:
(A) A program manager that is authorized to make all 
programmatic decisions within the overarching activity 
objectives, including resources, funding, personnel, and 
contract or transaction termination recommendations.
(B) A product owner that reports directly to the 
program manager and is responsible for the overall 
design of the product, prioritization of roadmap 
elements and interpretation of their acceptance 
criteria, and prioritization of the list of all features 
desired in the product.
(C) An engineering lead that reports directly to the 
program manager and is responsible for the 
implementation and operation of the software.
(D) A design lead that reports directly to the 
program manager and is responsible for identifying, 
communicating, and visualizing user needs through a 
human-centered design process.
(2) Qualifications.--The Secretary shall establish 
qualifications for personnel filling the positions described in 
paragraph (1) prior to their selection. The qualifications may 
not include a positive education requirement and must be based 
on technical expertise or experience in delivery of software 
products, including agile concepts.
(3) Coordination plan for testing and certification 
organizations.--The program manager shall ensure the 
availability of resources for test and certification 
organizations support of iterative development processes.
(d) Plan.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a plan for each 
selected activity under the pilot program. The plan shall include the 
following elements:
(1) Definition of a product vision, identifying a succinct, 
clearly defined need the software will address.
(2) Definition of a product road map, outlining a 
noncontractual plan that identifies short-term and long-term 
product goals and specific technology solutions to help meet 
those goals and adjusts to mission and user needs at the product 
owner's discretion.
(3) The use of a broad agency announcement, other 
transaction authority, or other rapid merit-based solicitation 
procedure.
(4) Identification of, and continuous engagement with, end 
users.
(5) Frequent and iterative end user validation of features 
and usability consistent with the principles outlined in the 
Digital Services Playbook of the U.S. Digital Service.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1502]]
(6) Use of commercial best practices for advanced computing 
systems, including, where applicable--
(A) Automated testing, integration, and deployment;
(B) compliance with applicable commercial 
accessibility standards;
(C) capability to support modern versions of 
multiple, common web browsers;
(D) capability to be viewable across commonly used 
end user devices, including mobile devices; and
(E) built-in application monitoring.
(e) Program Schedule.--The Secretary shall ensure that each selected 
activity includes--
(1) award processes that take no longer than three months 
after a requirement is identified;
(2) planned frequent and iterative end user validation of 
implemented features and their usability;
(3) delivery of a functional prototype or minimally viable 
product in three months or less from award; and
(4) follow-on delivery of iterative development cycles no 
longer than four weeks apart, including security testing and 
configuration management as applicable.
(f) Oversight Metrics.--The Secretary shall ensure that the selected 
activities--
(1) use a modern tracking tool to execute requirements 
backlog tracking; and
(2) use agile development metrics that, at a minimum, 
track--
(A) pace of work accomplishment;
(B) completeness of scope of testing activities 
(such as code coverage, fault tolerance, and boundary 
testing);
(C) product quality attributes (such as major and 
minor defects and measures of key performance attributes 
and quality attributes);
(D) delivery progress relative to the current 
product roadmap; and
(E) goals for each iteration.
(g) Restrictions.--
(1) Use of funds.--No funds made available for the selected 
activities may be expended on estimation or evaluation using 
source lines of code methodologies.
(2) Contract types.--The Secretary of Defense may not use 
lowest price technically acceptable contracting methods or cost 
plus contracts to carry out selected activities under this 
section, and shall encourage the use of existing streamlined and 
flexible contracting arrangements.
(h) Reports.--
(1) Software development activity commencement.--
(A) In general.--Not later than 30 days before the 
commencement of a software development activity under 
the pilot program under subsection (a), the Secretary 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on the activity (in this subsection referred to 
as a ``pilot activity'').
(B) Elements.--The report on a pilot activity under 
this paragraph shall set forth a description of the 
pilot activity, including the following information:
(i) The purpose of the pilot activity.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1503]]
(ii) The duration of the pilot activity.
(iii) The efficiencies and benefits 
anticipated to accrue to the Government under the 
pilot program.
(2) Software development activity completion.--
(A) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the 
completion of a pilot activity, the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on the pilot activity.
(B) Elements.--The report on a pilot activity under 
this paragraph shall include the following elements:
(i) A description of results of the pilot 
activity.
(ii) Such recommendations for legislative or 
administrative action as the Secretary considers 
appropriate in light of the pilot activity.
(i) Definitions.--In this section:
(1) Agile acquisition.--The term ``agile acquisition'' means 
acquisition using agile or iterative development.
(2) Agile or iterative development.--The term ``agile or 
iterative development'', with respect to software--
(A) means acquisition pursuant to a method for 
delivering multiple, rapid, incremental capabilities to 
the user for operational use, evaluation, and feedback 
not exclusively linked to any single, proprietary method 
or process; and
(B) involves--
(i) the incremental development and fielding 
of capabilities, commonly called ``spirals'', 
``spins'', or ``sprints'', which can be measured 
in a few weeks or months; and
(ii) continuous participation and 
collaboration by users, testers, and requirements 
authorities.
SEC. 875. <> PILOT PROGRAM FOR OPEN 
SOURCE SOFTWARE.
(a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall initiate for the 
Department of Defense the open source software pilot program established 
by the Office of Management and Budget Memorandum M-16-21 titled 
``Federal Source Code Policy: Achieving Efficiency, Transparency, and 
Innovation through Reusable and Open Source Software'' and dated August 
8, 2016.
(b) Report to Congress.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide a 
report to Congress with details of the plan of the Department of Defense 
to implement the pilot program required by subsection (a). Such plan 
shall include identifying candidate software programs, selection 
criteria, intellectual property and licensing issues, and other matters 
determined by the Secretary.
(c) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than June 1, 2019, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall provide a report to 
Congress on the implementation of the pilot program required by 
subsection (a) by the Secretary of Defense. The report shall address, at 
a minimum, the compliance of the Secretary with the requirements of the 
Office of Management and Budget Memorandum M-16-21, the views of various 
software and information technology stakeholders in the Department of 
Defense, and any other matters determined by the Comptroller General.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1504]]
Subtitle I--Other Matters
SEC. 881. EXTENSION OF MAXIMUM DURATION OF FUEL STORAGE CONTRACTS.
(a) Extension.--Section 2922(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``20 years'' and inserting ``30 years''.
(b) <>  Effective Date.--The amendment made 
by subsection (a) shall apply with respect to contracts entered into on 
or after the date of the enactment of this Act, and may be applied to a 
contract entered into before that date if the total contract period 
under the contract (including options) has not expired as of the date of 
any extension of such contract period by reason of such amendment.
SEC. 882. PROCUREMENT OF AVIATION CRITICAL SAFETY ITEMS.
Section 814(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2271; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is 
amended--
(1) in paragraph (1)--
(A) by inserting ``or an aviation critical safety 
item (as defined in section 2319(g) of this title)'' 
after ``personal protective equipment''; and
(B) by inserting ``equipment or'' after ``failure of 
the''; and
(2) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``or item'' after 
``equipment''.
SEC. 883. MODIFICATIONS TO THE ADVISORY PANEL ON STREAMLINING AND 
CODIFYING ACQUISITION REGULATIONS.
(a) Extension of Date for Final Report.--
(1) Transmittal of panel final report.--Subsection (e)(1) of 
section 809 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 889), as amended by 
section 863(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2303), is 
amended--
(A) by striking ``Not later than two years after the 
date on which the Secretary of Defense establishes the 
advisory panel'' and inserting ``Not later than January 
15, 2019''; and
(B) by striking ``the Secretary.'' and inserting 
``the Secretary of Defense and the congressional defense 
committees.''.
(2) Secretary of defense action on final report.--Subsection 
(e)(4) of such section is amended--
(A) by striking ``Not later than 30 days'' and 
inserting ``Not later than 60 days''; and
(B) by striking ``the final report, together with 
such comments as the Secretary determines appropriate,'' 
and inserting ``such comments as the Secretary 
determines appropriate''.
(b) Termination of Panel.--Such section is further amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
``(g) Termination of Panel.--The advisory panel shall terminate 180 
days after the date on which the final report of the panel is 
transmitted pursuant to subsection (e)(1).''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1505]]
(c) Technical Amendment.--Subsection (d) of such section is amended 
by striking ``resources,,'' and inserting ``resources,''.
SEC. 884. REPEAL OF EXPIRED PILOT PROGRAM FOR LEASING COMMERCIAL 
UTILITY CARGO VEHICLES.
Section 807(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 2401a note) is repealed.
SEC. 885. EXCEPTION FOR BUSINESS OPERATIONS FROM REQUIREMENT TO 
ACCEPT $1 COINS.
(a) In General.--Paragraph (1) of section 5112(p) of title 31, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
flush sentence:
``This paragraph does not apply with respect to business 
operations conducted by any entity under a contract with an 
agency or instrumentality of the United States, including with 
any nonappropriated fund instrumentality established under title 
10, United States Code.''.
(b) Conforming Amendment.--Such paragraph is further amended--
(1) by striking ``and all entities that operate any 
business, including vending machines, on any premises owned by 
the United States or under the control of any agency or 
instrumentality of the United States, including the legislative 
and judicial branches of the Federal Government,''; and
(2) by inserting ``and'' before ``all transit systems''.
(c) Technical Amendment.--Subparagraph (B) of such paragraph is 
amended by striking ``displays'' and inserting ``display''.
SEC. 886. <> DEVELOPMENT OF PROCUREMENT 
ADMINISTRATIVE LEAD TIME.
(a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop, make 
available for public comment, and finalize--
(1) a definition of the term ``Procurement Administrative 
Lead Time'' or ``PALT'', to be applied Department of Defense-
wide, that describes the amount of time from the date on which a 
solicitation is issued to the date of an initial award of a 
contract or task order of the Department of Defense; and
(2) a plan for measuring and publicly reporting data on PALT 
for Department of Defense contracts and task orders above the 
simplified acquisition threshold.
(b) Requirement for Definition.--Unless the Secretary determines 
otherwise, the amount of time in the definition of PALT developed under 
subsection (a) shall--
(1) begin on the date on which the initial solicitation is 
issued for a contract or task order of the Department of Defense 
by the Secretary of a military department or head of a Defense 
Agency; and
(2) end on the date of the award of the contract or task 
order.
(c) Coordination.--In developing the definition of PALT, the 
Secretary shall coordinate with--
(1) the senior contracting official of each military 
department and Defense Agency to determine the variations of the
[[Page 131 STAT. 1506]]
definition in use across the Department of Defense and each 
military department and Defense Agency; and
(2) the Administrator of the General Services Administration 
on modifying the existing data system of the Federal Government 
to determine the date on which the initial solicitation is 
issued.
(d) Use of Existing Procurement Data Systems.--In developing the 
plan for measuring and publicly reporting data on PALT required by 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable, 
rely on the information contained in the Federal procurement data system 
established pursuant to section 1122(a)(4) of title 41, United States 
Code, including any modifications to that system.
SEC. 887. <> NOTIONAL MILESTONES AND 
STANDARD TIMELINES FOR CONTRACTS FOR 
FOREIGN MILITARY SALES.
(a) Establishment.--
(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
specific notional milestones and standard timelines for the 
Department of Defense to achieve such milestones in its 
processing of a foreign military sale (as authorized under 
chapter 2 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2761 et 
seq.)). Such milestones and timelines--
(A) may vary depending on the complexity of the 
foreign military sale; and
(B) shall cover the period beginning on the date of 
receipt of a complete letter of request (as described in 
chapter 5 of the Security Assistance Management Manual 
of the Defense Security Cooperation Agency) from a 
foreign country and ending on the date of the final 
delivery of a defense article or defense service sold 
through the foreign military sale.
(2) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
appropriate committees of Congress a report describing the 
milestones and timelines developed pursuant to paragraph (1) of 
this section.
(b) Submissions to Congress.--
(1) Quarterly notification.--During the period beginning 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on 
December 31, 2021, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress, on a quarterly basis, a report that 
includes a list of each foreign military sale with a value 
greater than or equal to the dollar threshold for congressional 
notification under section 36 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 
U.S.C. 2776)--
(A) for which the final delivery of a defense 
article or defense service has not been completed; and
(B) that has not met a standard timeline to achieve 
a notional milestone as established under subsection 
(a).
(2) Annual report.--Not later than November 1, 2019, and 
annually thereafter until December 31, 2021, the Secretary shall 
submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report that 
summarizes--
(A) the number, set forth separately by dollar value 
and notional milestone, of foreign military sales that 
met
[[Page 131 STAT. 1507]]
the standard timeline to achieve a notional milestone 
established under subsection (a) during the preceding 
fiscal year; and
(B) the number, set forth separately by dollar value 
and notional milestone, of each foreign military sale 
that did not meet the standard timeline to achieve a 
notional milestone established under subsection (a), and 
a description of any extenuating factors explaining why 
such a sale did not achieve such milestone.
(c) Definitions.--In this section--
(1) the terms ``defense article'' and ``defense service'' 
have the meanings given those terms, respectively, in section 47 
of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2794); and
(2) the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
(A) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
(B) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives.
SEC. 888. <> ASSESSMENT AND AUTHORITY TO 
TERMINATE OR PROHIBIT CONTRACTS FOR 
PROCUREMENT FROM CHINESE COMPANIES 
PROVIDING SUPPORT TO THE DEMOCRATIC 
PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF KOREA.
(a) Assessment Required.--
(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
with the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, and 
the Director of National Intelligence, shall conduct an 
assessment of trade between the People's Republic of China and 
the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, including elements 
deemed to be important to United States national security and 
defense.
(2) Elements.--The assessment required by paragraph (1) 
shall--
(A) assess the composition of all trade between 
China and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, 
including trade in goods and services;
(B) identify whether any Chinese commercial entities 
that are engaged in such trade materially support 
illicit activities on the part of North Korea;
(C) evaluate the extent to which the United States 
Government procures goods or services from any 
commercial entity identified under subparagraph (B);
(D) provide a list of commercial entities identified 
under subparagraph (B) that provide defense goods or 
services for the Department of Defense; and
(E) evaluate the ramifications to United States 
national security, including any impacts to the defense 
industrial base, Department of Defense acquisition 
programs, and Department of Defense logistics or supply 
chains, of prohibiting procurements from commercial 
entities listed under subparagraph (D).
(3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
Congress a report on the assessment required by paragraph (1). 
The report shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may 
contain a classified annex.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1508]]
(b) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may terminate existing 
contracts or prohibit the award of contracts for the procurement of 
goods or services for the Department of Defense from a Chinese 
commercial entity included on the list described under subsection 
(a)(2)(D) based on a determination informed by the assessment required 
under subsection (a)(1).
(c) Notification.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
appropriate committees of Congress a notification of, and detailed 
justification for, any exercise of the authority in subsection (b) not 
less than 30 days before the date on which the authority is exercised.
(d) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
(1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
(2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.
SEC. 889. REPORT ON DEFENSE CONTRACTING FRAUD.
(a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on defense contracting fraud.
(b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
(1) A summary of fraud-related criminal convictions and 
civil judgments or settlements over the previous five fiscal 
years.
(2) A listing of contractors that within the previous five 
fiscal years performed contracts for the Department of Defense 
and were debarred or suspended from Federal contracting based on 
a criminal conviction for fraud.
(3) An assessment of the total value of Department of 
Defense contracts entered into during the previous five fiscal 
years with contractors that have been indicted for, settled 
charges of, been fined by any Federal department or agency for, 
or been convicted of fraud in connection with any contract or 
other transaction entered into with the Federal Government.
(4) Recommendations by the Inspector General of the 
Department of Defense or other appropriate Department of Defense 
official regarding how to penalize contractors repeatedly 
involved in fraud in connection with contracts or other 
transactions entered into with the Federal Government, including 
an update on implementation by the Department of any previous 
such recommendations.
SEC. 890. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON CONTRACTOR BUSINESS SYSTEM 
REQUIREMENTS.
(a) Evaluation.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report evaluating the 
implementation and effectiveness of the program for the improvement of 
contractor business systems established pursuant to section 893 of the 
Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 
(Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note). The report shall--
(1) describe how the requirements of such program were 
implemented, including the roles and responsibilities of 
relevant
[[Page 131 STAT. 1509]]
Defense Agencies and known costs to the Federal Government and 
covered contractors;
(2) analyze the extent to which implementation of such 
program has affected, if at all, covered contractor performance 
or the management and oversight of covered contracts of the 
Department of Defense;
(3) assess how the amendments to contractor business system 
requirements made by section 893 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2324) were implemented, including--
(A) the effects of revising the definition of 
``covered contractor'' in section 893(g)(2) of the Ike 
Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) and 
the feasibility and the potential effects of further 
increasing the percentage of the total gross revenue 
included in the definition; and
(B) the extent to which third-party independent 
auditors have conducted contractor business system 
assessments pursuant to section 893(c) of the Ike 
Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note);
(4) identify any additional information or management 
practices that could enhance the process for assessing 
contractor business systems, particularly when covered 
contractors have multiple covered contracts with the Department 
of Defense; and
(5) include any other matters the Comptroller General 
determines to be relevant.
(b) Contractor Business System Definitions.--In this section, the 
terms ``covered contractor'', ``covered contract'', and ``contractor 
business system'' have the meanings given in section 893 of the Ike 
Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public 
Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note).
SEC. 891. <> TRAINING ON AGILE OR 
ITERATIVE DEVELOPMENT METHODS.
(a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the President of the Defense Acquisition University, shall establish a 
training course at the Defense Acquisition University on agile or 
iterative development methods to provide training for personnel 
implementing and supporting the pilot programs required by sections 873 
and 874 of this Act.
(b) Course Elements.--
(1) In general.--The course shall be taught in residence at 
the Defense Acquisition University and shall include the 
following elements:
(A) Training designed to instill a common 
understanding of all functional roles and dependencies 
involved in developing and producing a capability using 
agile or iterative development methods.
(B) An exercise involving teams composed of 
personnel from pertinent functions and functional 
organizations engaged in developing an integrated agile 
or iterative development method for a specific program.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1510]]
(C) Instructors and content from non-governmental 
entities, as appropriate, to highlight commercial best 
practices in using an agile or iterative development 
method.
(2) Course updates.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
course is updated as needed, including through incorporating 
lessons learned from the implementation of the pilot programs 
required by sections 873 and 874 of this Act in subsequent 
versions of the course.
(c) Course Attendance.--The course shall be--
(1) available for certified acquisition personnel working on 
programs or projects using agile or iterative development 
methods; and
(2) mandatory for personnel participating in the pilot 
programs required by sections 873 and 874 of this Act from the 
relevant organizations in each of the military departments and 
Defense Agencies, including organizations responsible for 
engineering, budgeting, contracting, test and evaluation, 
requirements validation, and certification and accreditation.
(d) Agile Acquisition Support.--The Secretary and the senior 
acquisition executives in each of the military departments and Defense 
Agencies, in coordination with the Director of the Defense Digital 
Service, shall assign to offices supporting systems selected for 
participation in the pilot programs required by sections 873 and 874 of 
this Act a subject matter expert with knowledge of commercial agile 
acquisition methods and Department of Defense acquisition processes to 
provide assistance and to advise appropriate acquisition authorities of 
the expert's observations.
(e) Agile Research Program.--The President of the Defense 
Acquisition University shall establish a research program to conduct 
research on and development of agile acquisition practices and tools 
best tailored to meet the mission needs of the Department of Defense.
(f) Agile or Iterative Development Defined.--The term ``agile or 
iterative development'', with respect to software--
(1) means acquisition pursuant to a method for delivering 
multiple, rapid, incremental capabilities to the user for 
operational use, evaluation, and feedback not exclusively linked 
to any single, proprietary method or process; and
(2) involves--
(A) the incremental development and fielding of 
capabilities, commonly called ``spirals'', ``spins'', or 
``sprints'', which can be measured in a few weeks or 
months; and
(B) continuous participation and collaboration by 
users, testers, and requirements authorities.
TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT
Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters
Sec. 901. Treatment of incumbent Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics.
Sec. 902. Clarification of authority of Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment with respect to service 
acquisition programs for which the service acquisition 
executive is the milestone decision authority.
Sec. 903. Executive Schedule matters relating to Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1511]]
Sec. 904. Consistent period of relief from active duty as a commissioned 
officer of a regular component of the Armed Forces for 
appointment to Under Secretary of Defense positions.
Sec. 905. Qualifications for appointment and additional duties and 
powers of certain officials within the Office of the Under 
Secretary of Defense (Comptroller).
Sec. 906. Redesignation of Principal Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense 
as Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense and related matters.
Sec. 907. Reduction of number and elimination of specific designations 
of Assistant Secretaries of Defense.
Sec. 908. Limitation on maximum number of Deputy Assistant Secretaries 
of Defense.
Sec. 909. Appointment and responsibilities of Chief Information Officer 
of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 910. Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense.
Subtitle B--Data Management and Analytics
Sec. 911. Policy on treatment of defense business system data related to 
business operations and management.
Sec. 912. Transparency of defense management data.
Sec. 913. Establishment of set of activities that use data analysis, 
measurement, and other evaluation-related methods to improve 
acquisition program outcomes.
Subtitle C--Organization of Other Department of Defense Offices and 
Elements
Sec. 921. Qualifications for appointment of Assistant Secretaries of the 
military departments for financial management.
Sec. 922. Manner of carrying out reductions in major Department of 
Defense headquarters activities pursuant to headquarters 
reduction plan.
Sec. 923. Certifications on cost savings achieved by reductions in major 
Department of Defense headquarters activities.
Sec. 924. Corrosion control and prevention executives matters.
Sec. 925. Background and security investigations for Department of 
Defense personnel.
Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Reporting Requirements
Sec. 931. Additional elements in reports on policy, organization, and 
management goals of the Secretary of Defense for the 
Department of Defense.
Sec. 932. Report and sense of Congress on responsibility for 
developmental test and evaluation within the Office of the 
Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 933. Report on Office of Corrosion Policy and Oversight.
Subtitle D--Other Matters
Sec. 941. Commission on the National Defense Strategy for the United 
States.
Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters
SEC. 901. TREATMENT OF INCUMBENT UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR 
ACQUISITION, TECHNOLOGY, AND LOGISTICS.
Section 901(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2339; 10 U.S.C. 133a note) is 
amended by striking paragraph (2).
SEC. 902. <> CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY 
OF UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR 
ACQUISITION AND SUSTAINMENT WITH RESPECT 
TO SERVICE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS FOR WHICH 
THE SERVICE ACQUISITION EXECUTIVE IS THE 
MILESTONE DECISION AUTHORITY.
Effective on February 1, 2018, and immediately after the coming into 
effect of the amendment made by section 901(b) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2340), subsection (b)(6) of section 133b
[[Page 131 STAT. 1512]]
of title 10, United States Code, as added by such section 901(b), is 
amended by striking ``supervisory authority'' and inserting ``advisory 
authority''.
SEC. 903. EXECUTIVE SCHEDULE MATTERS RELATING TO UNDER SECRETARY 
OF DEFENSE FOR ACQUISITION AND 
SUSTAINMENT.
(a) Repeal of Pending Executive Schedule Amendment.--Section 901(h) 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public 
Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2342; 5 U.S.C. 5313 note) is amended--
(1) by striking ``new items'' and inserting ``new item''; 
and
(2) by striking the item relating to the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.
(b) <>  Executive Schedule Level III.--
Effective on February 1, 2018, section 5314 of title 5, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting before the item relating to the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Policy the following new item:
``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment.''.
SEC. 904. CONSISTENT PERIOD OF RELIEF FROM ACTIVE DUTY AS A 
COMMISSIONED OFFICER OF A REGULAR 
COMPONENT OF THE ARMED FORCES FOR 
APPOINTMENT TO UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE 
POSITIONS.
Chapter 4 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) in section 135(a), by adding at the end the following 
new sentence: ``A person may not be appointed as Under Secretary 
within seven years after relief from active duty as a 
commissioned officer of a regular component of the armed 
forces.'';
(2) in section 136(a), by adding at the end the following 
new sentence: ``A person may not be appointed as Under Secretary 
within seven years after relief from active duty as a 
commissioned officer of a regular component of the armed 
forces.''; and
(3) in section 137(a), by adding at the end the following 
new sentence: ``A person may not be appointed as Under Secretary 
within seven years after relief from active duty as a 
commissioned officer of a regular component of the armed 
forces.''.
SEC. 905. QUALIFICATIONS FOR APPOINTMENT AND ADDITIONAL DUTIES AND 
POWERS OF CERTAIN OFFICIALS WITHIN THE 
OFFICE OF THE UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE 
(COMPTROLLER).
(a) Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller).--
(1) Qualification for appointment.--Section 135(a) of title 
10, United States Code, as amended by section 904, is further 
amended--
(A) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(a)''; and
(B) by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
``(2) The Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall be 
appointed from among persons who have significant budget, financial 
management, or audit experience in complex organizations.''.
(2) Duties and powers.--Section 135 of title 10, United 
States Code, is further amended--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1513]]
(A) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as 
subsections (e) and (f), respectively; and
(B) by inserting after subsection (c) the following 
new subsection (d):
``(d) In addition to any duties under subsection (c), the Under 
Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall, subject to the authority, 
direction, and control of the Secretary of Defense, do the following:
``(1) Provide guidance and instruction on annual performance 
plans and evaluations to the following:
``(A) The Assistant Secretaries of the military 
departments for financial management.
``(B) Any other official of an agency, organization, 
or element of the Department of Defense with 
responsibility for financial management.
``(2) Give directions to the military departments, Defense 
Agencies, and other organizations and elements of the Department 
of Defense regarding their financial statements and the audit 
and audit readiness of such financial statements.''.
(b) <>  Qualification for Appointment as 
Deputy Chief Financial Officer.--The Deputy Chief Financial Officer of 
the Department of Defense shall be appointed from among persons who have 
significant budget, financial management, or audit experience in complex 
organizations.
(c) <>  Applicability.--The appointment 
qualifications imposed by the amendments made by subsection (a)(1) and 
the appointment qualifications imposed by subsection (b) shall apply 
with respect to appointments as Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) 
and Deputy Chief Financial Officer of the Department of Defense that are 
made on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 906. REDESIGNATION OF PRINCIPAL DEPUTY UNDER SECRETARIES OF 
DEFENSE AS DEPUTY UNDER SECRETARIES OF 
DEFENSE AND RELATED MATTERS.
(a) Redesignation.--Section 137a of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``Principal'' each place it appears.
(b) Increase in Authorized Number.--Section 137a(a)(1) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``five'' and inserting 
``six''.
(c) Replacement of ATL Position With Two Positions in Connection 
With OSD Reform. <> --Effective on February 1, 
2018, section 137a(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (5) as 
paragraphs (3) through (6), respectively; and
(2) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following 
new paragraphs:
``(1) One of the Deputy Under Secretaries is the Deputy Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
``(2) One of the Deputy Under Secretaries is the Deputy Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.''.
(d) Conforming Amendments.--
(1) OSD.--Paragraph (6) of section 131(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``(6) The Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense.''.
(2) Precedence.--Section 138(d) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``Principal''.
(e) Executive Schedule Level IV.--Section 5315 of title 5, United 
States Code, is amended--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1514]]
(1) by striking ``Principal'' in the items relating to the 
Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, the 
Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
Readiness, the Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense 
(Comptroller), and the Principal Deputy Under Secretary of 
Defense for Intelligence; and
(2) by inserting before the item relating to the Deputy 
Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, as amended by paragraph 
(1), the following new items:
``Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering.
``Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment.''.
(f) Clerical Amendments.--
(1) Heading amendment.--The heading of section 137a of title 
10, United States Code, <>  is amended 
to read as follows:
``Sec. 137a. Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense''.
(2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 4 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking the item relating to section 137a and 
inserting the following new item:
``137a. Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense.''.
SEC. 907. REDUCTION OF NUMBER AND ELIMINATION OF SPECIFIC 
DESIGNATIONS OF ASSISTANT SECRETARIES OF 
DEFENSE.
(a) Reduction of Authorized Number.--Section 138(a)(1) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``14'' and inserting ``13''.
(b) Elimination of Certain Specific Designations.--Section 138(b) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3); and
(2) by redesignating paragraphs (4), (5), and (6) as 
paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), respectively.
SEC. 908. <> LIMITATION ON MAXIMUM NUMBER 
OF DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARIES OF 
DEFENSE.
The maximum number of Deputy Assistant Secretaries of Defense after 
the date of the enactment of this Act may not exceed 48.
SEC. 909. APPOINTMENT AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF CHIEF INFORMATION 
OFFICER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
(a) Appointment Method and Qualifications.--Section 142(a) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by inserting before the period at the 
end the following: ``, who shall be appointed by the President, by and 
with the advice and consent of the Senate, from among civilians who are 
qualified to serve as such officer''.
(b) Clarification of Certain Responsibilities.--Section 142(b)(1)(I) 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``the networking 
and cyber defense architecture'' and inserting ``the information 
technology, networking, information assurance, cybersecurity, and cyber 
capability architectures''.
(c) Additional Responsibilities Related to Budgets and Standards.--
Section 142(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (4); and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1515]]
(2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
paragraphs:
``(2)(A) The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under 
Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), shall require the Secretaries of the 
military departments and the heads of the Defense Agencies with 
responsibilities associated with any activity specified in paragraph (1) 
to transmit the proposed budget for such activities for a fiscal year 
and for the period covered by the future-years defense program submitted 
to Congress under section 221 of this title for that fiscal year to the 
Chief Information Officer for review under subparagraph (B) before 
submitting the proposed budget to the Under Secretary of Defense 
(Comptroller).
``(B) The Chief Information Officer shall review each proposed 
budget transmitted under subparagraph (A) and, not later than January 31 
of the year preceding the fiscal year for which the budget is proposed, 
shall submit to the Secretary of Defense a report containing the 
comments of the Chief Information Officer with respect to all such 
proposed budgets, together with the certification of the Chief 
Information Officer regarding whether each proposed budget is adequate.
``(C) Not later than March 31 of each year, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to Congress a report specifying each proposed budget 
contained in the most-recent report submitted under subparagraph (B) 
that the Chief Information Officer did not certify to be adequate. The 
report of the Secretary shall include the following matters:
``(i) A discussion of the actions that the Secretary 
proposes to take, together with any recommended legislation that 
the Secretary considers appropriate, to address the inadequacy 
of the proposed budgets specified in the report.
``(ii) Any additional comments that the Secretary considers 
appropriate regarding the inadequacy of the proposed budgets.
``(3)(A) The Secretary of a military department or head of a Defense 
Agency may not develop or procure information technology (as defined in 
section 11101 of title 40) that does not fully comply with such 
standards as the Chief Information Officer may establish.
``(B) The Chief Information Officer shall implement and enforce a 
process for--
``(i) developing, adopting, or publishing standards for 
information technology, networking, or cyber capabilities to 
which any military department or defense agency would need to 
adhere in order to run such capabilities on defense networks; 
and
``(ii) certifying on a regular and ongoing basis that any 
capabilities being developed or procured meets such standards as 
have been published by the Department at the time of 
certification.
``(C) The Chief Information Officer shall identify gaps in standards 
and mitigation plans for operating in the absence of acceptable 
standards.''.
(d) Direction and Precedence.--Section 142 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsections:
``(c) The Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense 
shall report directly to the Secretary of Defense in the performance of 
duties under this section.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1516]]
``(d) The Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense 
takes precedence in the Department of Defense with the officials serving 
in positions specified in section 131(b)(4) of this title. The officials 
serving in positions specified in such section and the Chief Information 
Officer take precedence among themselves in the order prescribed by the 
Secretary of Defense.''.
(e) Alternative Proposal.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a proposal for such alternatives or modifications to the 
realignment of responsibilities of the Chief Information Officer of the 
Department of Defense required by the amendments made by subsection (a) 
as the Secretary considers appropriate, together with an implementation 
plan for such proposal. The proposal may not be carried out unless 
approved by statute.
(f) <>  Service of Incumbent Without Further 
Appointment.--The individual serving in the position of Chief 
Information Officer of the Department of Defense as of January 1, 2019, 
may continue to serve in such position commencing as of that date 
without further appointment pursuant to section 142 of title 10, United 
States Code, as amended by this section.
(g) <>  Effective Date of Amendments.--The 
amendments made by this section shall take effect on January 1, 2019.
SEC. 910. CHIEF MANAGEMENT OFFICER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
(a) Chief Management Officer.--
(1) <>  In general.--Effective 
February 1, 2018, section 132a of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 132a. Chief Management Officer
``(a) Appointment and Qualifications.--(1) There is a Chief 
Management Officer of the Department of Defense, appointed from civilian 
life by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
``(2) The Chief Management Officer shall be appointed from among 
persons who have an extensive management or business background and 
experience with managing large or complex organizations. A person may 
not be appointed as Chief Management Officer within seven years after 
relief from active duty as a commissioned officer of a regular component 
of an armed force.
``(b) Responsibilities.--Subject to the authority, direction, and 
control of the Secretary of Defense and the Deputy Secretary of Defense, 
the Chief Management Officer shall perform such duties and exercise such 
powers as the Secretary or the Deputy Secretary may prescribe, including 
the following:
``(1) Serving as the chief management officer of the 
Department of Defense with the mission of managing enterprise 
business operations and shared services of the Department of 
Defense.
``(2) Serving as the principal advisor to the Secretary and 
the Deputy Secretary on establishing policies for, and 
directing, all enterprise business operations of the Department, 
including planning and processes, business transformation, 
performance measurement and management, and business information 
technology management and improvement activities and programs, 
including the allocation of resources for enterprise business
[[Page 131 STAT. 1517]]
operations and unifying business management efforts across the 
Department.
``(3) Exercising authority, direction, and control over the 
Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities 
providing shared business services for the Department that are 
designated by the Secretary or the Deputy Secretary for purposes 
of this paragraph.
``(4) As of January 1, 2019--
``(A) serving as the Chief Information Officer of 
the Department for purposes of section 2222 of this 
title;
``(B) administering the responsibilities and duties 
specified in sections 11315 and 11319 of title 40, 
section 3506(a)(2) of title 44, and section 2223(a) of 
this title for business systems and management; and
``(C) Exercising any responsibilities, duties, and 
powers relating to business systems or management that 
are exercisable by a chief information officer for the 
Department, other than those responsibilities, duties, 
and powers of a chief information officer that are 
vested in the Chief Information Officer of the 
Department of Defense by section 142 of this title.
``(5) Serving as the official with principal responsibility 
in the Department for providing for the availability of common, 
usable, Defense-wide data sets with applications such as 
improving acquisition outcomes and personnel management.
``(6) Authority to direct the Secretaries of the military 
departments and the heads of all other elements of the 
Department with regard to matters for which the Chief Management 
Officer has responsibility under this section.
``(c) Precedence.--The Chief Management Officer takes precedence in 
the Department of Defense after the Secretary of Defense and the Deputy 
Secretary of Defense.
``(d) Enterprise Business Operation Defined.--In this section, the 
term `enterprise business operations' means those activities that 
constitute the cross-cutting business operations used by multiple 
components of the Department of Defense, but not those activities that 
are directly tied to a single military department or Department of 
Defense component. The term includes business-support functions 
designated by the Secretary of Defense or the Deputy Secretary of 
Defense for purposes of this section, such as aspects of financial 
management, healthcare, acquisition and procurement, supply chain and 
logistics, certain information technology, real property, and human 
resources operations.''.
(2) <>  Clerical amendment.--
Effective February 1, 2018, the table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 4 of title 10, United States 
Code, <>  is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 132a and inserting the following new 
item:
``132a. Chief Management Officer.''.
(b) Conforming Repeal of Prior Authorities on Chief Management 
Officer.--
(1) <>  In general.--Effective on 
January 31, 2018, subsection (c) of section 901 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-
328; 130 Stat. 2341; 10 U.S.C. 131 note) is repealed, and the 
amendments to be made by paragraph (4) of that subsection shall 
not be made.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1518]]
(2) <>  Further conforming 
amendments.--Effective on February 1, 2018, section 132 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
(A) by striking subsection (c); and
(B) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
(c).
(c) <>  Conforming Amendments on Precedence 
in DoD.--Effective on February 1, 2018, and immediately after the coming 
into effect of the amendments made by section 901 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2339; 10 U.S.C. 131 note)--
(1) section 131(b) of title 10, United States Code, as 
amended by section 906(d)(1) of this Act, is further amended--
(A) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (9) as 
paragraphs (3) through (10), respectively; and
(B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
new paragraph (2):
``(2) The Chief Management Officer of the Department of 
Defense.'';
(2) section 133a(c) of such title is amended--
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and the Deputy 
Secretary of Defense'' and inserting ``, the Deputy 
Secretary of Defense, and the Chief Management Officer 
of the Department of Defense''; and
(B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``the Chief 
Management Officer,'' after ``the Deputy Secretary,''; 
and
(3) section 133b(c) of such title is amended--
(A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``the Chief 
Management Officer of the Department of Defense,'' after 
``the Deputy Secretary of Defense,''; and
(B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``the Chief 
Management Officer,'' after ``the Deputy Secretary,''.
(d) <>  Executive Schedule Level II.--
Effective on February 1, 2018, and immediately after the coming into 
effect of the amendment made by section 901(h) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2342; 5 U.S.C. 5313 note), section 5313 of title 5, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting before the item relating to the Under Secretary 
of Defense for Research and Engineering the following new item:
``Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense.''.
(e) <>  Service of Incumbent Deputy Chief 
Management Officer as Chief Management Officer Upon Commencement of 
Latter Position Without Further Appointment.--The individual serving in 
the position of Deputy Chief Management Officer of the Department of 
Defense as of February 1, 2018, may continue to serve as Chief 
Management Officer of the Department of Defense under section 132a of 
title 10, United States Code (as amended by subsection (a)), commencing 
as of that date without further appointment pursuant to such section 
132a.
(f) <>  Defense Agencies and Field 
Activities Providing Shared Business Services.--
(1) Initial reporting requirement.--Not later than January 
15, 2018, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report specifying each 
Defense Agency and Department of Defense Field Activity 
providing shared business services for the Department of Defense 
that is to be designated by the Secretary of Defense or the
[[Page 131 STAT. 1519]]
Deputy Secretary of Defense for purposes of subsection (b)(3) of 
section 132a of title 10, United States Code (as amended by 
subsection (a)), as of the coming into effect of such section 
132a.
(2) Notice to congress on transfer of oversight.--Upon the 
transfer to the Chief Management Officer of the Department of 
Defense of responsibility for oversight of shared business 
services of a Defense Agency or Department of Defense Field 
Activity specified in the report required by paragraph (1), the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a notice of the transfer, including the Defense 
Agency or Field Activity subject to the transfer and a 
description of the nature and scope of the responsibility for 
oversight transferred.
Subtitle B--Data Management and Analytics
SEC. 911. <> POLICY ON TREATMENT OF 
DEFENSE BUSINESS SYSTEM DATA RELATED TO 
BUSINESS OPERATIONS AND MANAGEMENT.
(a) Establishment of Policy.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
data policy for the Department of Defense that mandates that any data 
contained in a defense business system related to business operations 
and management is an asset of the Department of Defense.
(b) Availability.--As part of the policy required by subsection (a), 
the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that, except as otherwise provided 
by law or regulation, data described in such subsection shall be made 
readily available to members of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, 
the Joint Staff, the military departments, the combatant commands, the 
Defense Agencies, the Department of Defense Field Activities, and all 
other offices, agencies, activities, and commands of the Department of 
Defense, as applicable.
SEC. 912. TRANSPARENCY OF DEFENSE MANAGEMENT DATA.
(a) Common Enterprise Data.--
(1) In general.--Section 2222(e) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraphs:
``(5) Common enterprise data.--The defense business 
enterprise shall include enterprise data that may be 
automatically extracted from the relevant systems to facilitate 
Department of Defense-wide analysis and management of its 
business operations.
``(6) Roles and responsibilities.--
``(A) The Chief Management Officer of the Department 
of Defense shall have primary decision-making authority 
with respect to the development of common enterprise 
data. In consultation with the Defense Business Council, 
the Chief Management Officer shall--
``(i) develop an associated data governance 
process; and
``(ii) oversee the preparation, extraction, 
and provision of data across the defense business 
enterprise.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1520]]
``(B) The Chief Management Officer and the Under 
Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall--
``(i) in consultation with the Defense 
Business Council, document and maintain any common 
enterprise data for their respective areas of 
authority;
``(ii) participate in any related data 
governance process;
``(iii) extract data from defense business 
systems as needed to support priority activities 
and analyses;
``(iv) when appropriate, ensure the source 
data is the same as that used to produce the 
financial statements subject to annual audit;
``(v) in consultation with the Defense 
Business Council, provide access, except as 
otherwise provided by law or regulation, to such 
data to the Office of the Secretary of Defense, 
the Joint Staff, the military departments, the 
combatant commands, the Defense Agencies, the 
Department of Defense Field Activities, and all 
other offices, agencies, activities, and commands 
of the Department of Defense; and
``(vi) ensure consistency of the common 
enterprise data maintained by their respective 
organizations.
``(C) The Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
Evaluation shall have access to data for the purpose of 
executing missions as designated by the Secretary of 
Defense.
``(D) The Secretary of Defense, the Chairman of the 
Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Secretaries of the military 
departments, commanders of combatant commands, the heads 
of the Defense Agencies, the heads of the Department of 
Defense Field Activities, and the heads of all other 
offices, agencies, activities, and commands of the 
Department of Defense shall provide access to the 
relevant system of such department, combatant command, 
Defense Agency, Defense Field Activity, or office, 
agency, activity, and command organization, as 
applicable, and data extracted from such system, for 
purposes of automatically populating data sets coded 
with common enterprise data.''.
(2) Definitions.--Section 2222(i) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraphs:
``(10) Common enterprise data.--The term `common enterprise 
data' means business operations or management-related data, 
generally from defense business systems, in a usable format that 
is automatically accessible by authorized personnel and 
organizations.
``(11) Data governance process.--The term `data governance 
process' means a system to manage the timely Department of 
Defense-wide sharing of data described under subsection 
(a)(6)(A).''.
(b) Duties of Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller).--Section 
135(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended in the second 
sentence by inserting after ``shall perform'' the following: ``the 
duties assigned to the Under Secretary in section 2222 of this title 
and''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1521]]
(c) Duties of Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation.--
Section 139a(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following new paragraph:
``(9) Performing the duties assigned to the Director in 
section 2222 of this title.''.
(d) Implementation Plan for Common Enterprise Data.--
(1) Plan required.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Deputy Secretary of Defense, 
acting through the Chief Management Officer of the Department of 
Defense, shall develop a plan to implement the amendments made 
by subsection (a).
(2) Elements.--At a minimum, the implementation plan 
required by paragraph (1) shall include the following elements:
(A) The major tasks required to implement the 
requirements imposed by the amendments made by 
subsection (a) and the recommended time frames for each 
task.
(B) The estimated resources required to complete 
each major task identified pursuant to subparagraph (A).
(C) Any challenges associated with each major task 
identified pursuant to subparagraph (A) and related 
steps to mitigate such challenge.
(D) A description of how data security issues will 
be appropriately addressed in the implementation of such 
requirements.
(E) A review of the curriculum taught at the 
National Defense University, the Defense Acquisition 
University, professional military educational 
institutions, and appropriate private sector academic 
institutions to determine the extent to which the 
curricula include appropriate courses on data 
management, data analytics and other evaluation-related 
methods.
(3) Role of under secretary of defense (comptroller).--The 
Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall ensure that the 
implementation plan required by paragraph (1) does not conflict 
with the financial statement audit priorities and timeline of 
the Department of Defense.
(4) Submission to congress.--Upon completion of the 
implementation plan required by paragraph (1), the Chief 
Management Officer shall submit the plan to the congressional 
defense committees.
(e) <>  Application of New Authorities 
Required.--
(1) Data analytics capability required.--Not later than 
September 30, 2020, the Chief Management Officer of the 
Department of Defense shall establish and maintain within the 
Department of Defense a data analytics capability for purposes 
of supporting enhanced oversight and management of the Defense 
Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities.
(2) Elements.--The data analytics capability shall permit 
the following:
(A) The maintenance on a continuing basis of an 
accurate tabulation of the amounts expended by the 
Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field 
Activities on Government and contractor personnel.
(B) The maintenance on a continuing basis of an 
accurate number of the personnel currently supporting 
the
[[Page 131 STAT. 1522]]
Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field 
Activities, including the following:
(i) Members of the regular components of the 
Armed Forces.
(ii) Members of the reserve components of the 
Armed Forces.
(iii) Civilian employees of the Department of 
Defense.
(iv) Detailees, whether from another 
organization or element of the Department or from 
another department or agency of the Federal 
Government.
(C) The tracking of costs for employing contract 
personnel, including federally funded research and 
development centers.
(D) The maintenance on a continuing basis of the 
following:
(i) An identification of the functions being 
performed by each Defense Agency and Department of 
Defense Field Activity.
(ii) An accurate tabulation of the amounts 
being expended by each Defense Agency and 
Department of Defense Field Activity on its 
functions.
(3) Reporting requirements.--
(A) Interim report.--Not later than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Chief 
Management Officer of the Department of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on progress in establishing the data analytics 
capability. The report shall include the following:
(i) A description and assessment of the 
efforts of the Chief Management Officer through 
the date of the report to establish the data 
analytics capability.
(ii) A description of current gaps in the data 
required to establish the data analytics 
capability, and a description of the efforts to be 
undertaken to eliminate such gaps.
(B) Final report.--Not later than December 31, 2020, 
the Chief Management Officer shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the data 
analytics capability as established pursuant to this 
section.
(f) <>  Additional Pilot Programs 
Required.--
(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
pilot programs to develop data integration strategies for the 
Department of Defense to address high-priority management 
challenges of the Department.
(2) Elements.--The pilot programs carried out under the 
authority of this subsection shall involve data integration 
strategies to address challenges of the Department with respect 
to the following:
(A) The budget of the Department.
(B) Logistics.
(C) Personnel security and insider threats.
(D) At least two other high-priority challenges of 
the Department identified by the Secretary for purposes 
of this subsection.
(3) Report on pilot programs.--Not later than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary
[[Page 131 STAT. 1523]]
of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
a report describing the pilot programs to be carried out under 
this section, including the challenge of the Department to be 
addressed by the pilot program and the manner in which the data 
integration strategy under the pilot program will address the 
challenge. If any proposed pilot program requires legislative 
action for the waiver or modification of a statutory requirement 
that otherwise prevents or impedes the implementation of the 
pilot program, the Secretary shall include in the report a 
recommendation for legislative action to waive or modify the 
statutory requirement.
SEC. 913. <> ESTABLISHMENT OF SET OF 
ACTIVITIES THAT USE DATA ANALYSIS, 
MEASUREMENT, AND OTHER EVALUATION-RELATED 
METHODS TO IMPROVE ACQUISITION PROGRAM 
OUTCOMES.
(a) Establishment Required.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
set of activities that use data analysis, measurement, and other 
evaluation-related methods to improve the acquisition outcomes of the 
Department of Defense and enhance organizational learning.
(b) Types of Activities.--The set of activities established under 
subsection (a) may include any or all of the following: --
(1) Establishment of data analytics capabilities and 
organizations within an Armed Force.
(2) Development of capabilities in Department of Defense 
laboratories, test centers, and federally funded research and 
development centers to provide technical support for data 
analytics activities that support acquisition program management 
and business process re-engineering activities.
(3) Increased use of existing analytical capabilities 
available to acquisition programs and offices to support 
improved acquisition outcomes.
(4) Funding of intramural and extramural research and 
development activities to develop and implement data analytics 
capabilities in support of improved acquisition outcomes.
(5) Publication, to the maximum extent practicable, and in a 
manner that protects classified and proprietary information, of 
data collected by the Department of Defense related to 
acquisition program costs and activities for access and analyses 
by the general public or Department research and education 
organizations.
(6) Promulgation by the Chief of Staff of the Army, the 
Chief of Naval Operations, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, 
and the Commandant of the Marine Corps, in coordination with the 
Deputy Secretary of Defense, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering, and the Under Secretary for 
Acquisition and Sustainment, of a consistent policy as to the 
role of data analytics in establishing budgets and making 
milestone decisions for major defense acquisition programs.
(7) Continual assessment, in consultation with the private 
sector, of the efficiency of current data collection and 
analyses processes, so as to minimize the requirement for 
collection and delivery of data by, from, and to Government 
organizations.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1524]]
(8) Promulgation of guidance to acquisition programs and 
activities on the efficient use, quality, and sharing of 
enterprise data between programs and organizations to improve 
acquisition program analytics and outcomes.
(9) Establishment of focused research and educational 
activities at the Defense Acquisition University, and 
appropriate private sector academic institutions, to support 
enhanced use of data management, data analytics, and other 
evaluation-related methods to improve acquisition outcomes.
Subtitle C--Organization of Other Department of Defense Offices and 
Elements
SEC. 921. QUALIFICATIONS FOR APPOINTMENT OF ASSISTANT SECRETARIES 
OF THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS FOR FINANCIAL 
MANAGEMENT.
(a) Assistant Secretary of the Army.--Section 3016(b)(4) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(4)'';
(2) by striking ``The Assistant Secretary shall have as his 
principal responsibility'' and inserting the following:
``(C) The principal responsibility of the Assistant Secretary shall 
be''; and
(3) by inserting after subparagraph (A), as designated by 
paragraph (1), the following new subparagraph (B):
``(B) The Assistant Secretary shall be appointed from among persons 
who have significant budget, financial management, or audit experience 
in complex organizations.''.
(b) Assistant Secretary of the Navy.--Section 5016(b)(3) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)'';
(2) by striking ``The Assistant Secretary shall have as his 
principal responsibility'' and inserting the following:
``(C) The principal responsibility of the Assistant Secretary shall 
be''; and
(3) by inserting after subparagraph (A), as designated by 
paragraph (1), the following new subparagraph (B):
``(B) The Assistant Secretary shall be appointed from among persons 
who have significant budget, financial management, or audit experience 
in complex organizations.''.
(c) Assistant Secretary of the Air Force.--Section 8016(b)(3) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)'';
(2) by striking ``The Assistant Secretary shall have as his 
principal responsibility'' and inserting the following:
``(C) The principal responsibility of the Assistant Secretary shall 
be''; and
(3) by inserting after subparagraph (A), as designated by 
paragraph (1), the following new subparagraph (B):
``(B) The Assistant Secretary shall be appointed from among persons 
who have significant budget, financial management, or audit experience 
in complex organizations.''.
(d) <>  Applicability.--The appointment 
qualifications imposed by the amendments made by this section shall 
apply with respect
[[Page 131 STAT. 1525]]
to an appointment as an Assistant Secretary of a military department for 
financial management that is made on or after the date of the enactment 
of this Act.
SEC. 922. MANNER OF CARRYING OUT REDUCTIONS IN MAJOR DEPARTMENT OF 
DEFENSE HEADQUARTERS ACTIVITIES PURSUANT 
TO HEADQUARTERS REDUCTION PLAN.
Section 346(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 796; 10 U.S.C. 111 note) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
``(5) Manner of carrying out reductions.--
``(A) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
implement the headquarters reduction plan referred to in 
paragraph (1), as modified pursuant to that paragraph, 
so that reductions in major Department of Defense 
headquarters activities pursuant to the plan are carried 
out only after consideration of--
``(i) the current manpower levels of major 
Department of Defense headquarters activities;
``(ii) the historic manpower levels of major 
Department of Defense headquarters activities;
``(iii) the mission requirements of major 
Department of Defense headquarters activities; and
``(iv) the anticipated staffing needs of major 
Department of Defense headquarters activities 
necessary to meet national defense objectives.
``(B) Conforming modification of plan for 
achievement of cost savings.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall modify the plan for achievement of cost savings 
required by subsection (a) to take into account the 
requirement specified in subparagraph (A).''.
SEC. 923. CERTIFICATIONS ON COST SAVINGS ACHIEVED BY REDUCTIONS IN 
MAJOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE HEADQUARTERS 
ACTIVITIES.
Section 346(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 796 10 U.S.C. 111 note), as 
amended by section 922, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
``(6) Certifications on cost savings achieved.--Not later 
than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this paragraph, 
and not later than 60 days after the end of each of fiscal years 
2018 through 2020, the Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
Evaluation shall certify to the Secretary of Defense, and to the 
congressional defense committees, the following:
``(A) The validity of the cost savings achieved for 
each major Department of Defense headquarters activity 
during the previous fiscal year, including the cost of 
personnel detailed by another Department entity to the 
headquarters activity.
``(B) Whether the cost savings achieved for each 
major Department of Defense headquarters activity during 
that fiscal year met the savings objective for the 
headquarters activity for that fiscal year, as 
established pursuant to paragraph (1).''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1526]]
SEC. 924. <> CORROSION CONTROL AND 
PREVENTION EXECUTIVES MATTERS.
(a) Scope and Level of Positions.--Section 903(a) of the Duncan 
Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public 
Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2228 note) is amended--
(1) by striking ``shall be the senior official'' and 
inserting ``shall be a senior official''; and
(2) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``Each 
individual so designated shall be a senior civilian employee of 
the military department concerned in pay grade GS-15 or 
higher.''.
(b) Qualifications.--Section 903 of the Duncan Hunter National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 
U.S.C. 2228 note) is further amended--
(1) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c); and
(2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
subsection (b):
``(b) Qualifications.--Any individual designated as a corrosion 
control and prevention executive of a military department pursuant to 
subsection (a) shall--
``(1) have a working knowledge of corrosion prevention and 
control;
``(2) have strong program management and communication 
skills; and
``(3) understand the acquisition, research, development, 
test, and evaluation, and sustainment policies and procedures of 
the military department, including for the sustainment of 
infrastructure.''.
SEC. 925. <> BACKGROUND AND SECURITY 
INVESTIGATIONS FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
PERSONNEL.
(a) Transition To Discharge by Defense Security Service.--
(1) Secretarial authority.--The Secretary of Defense has the 
authority to conduct security, suitability, and credentialing 
background investigations for Department of Defense personnel. 
In carrying out such authority, the Secretary may use such 
authority, or may delegate such authority to another entity.
(2) Phased transition.--As part of providing for the conduct 
of background investigations initiated by the Department of 
Defense through the Defense Security Service by not later than 
the deadline specified in subsection (b), the Secretary shall, 
in consultation with the Director of the Office of Personnel 
Management, provide for a phased transition from the conduct of 
such investigations by the National Background Investigations 
Bureau of the Office of Personnel Management to the conduct of 
such investigations by the Defense Security Service by that 
deadline.
(3) Transition elements.--The phased transition required by 
paragraph (2) shall--
(A) provide for the transition of the conduct of 
investigations to the Defense Security Service using a 
risk management approach; and
(B) be consistent with the transition from legacy 
information technology operated by the Office of 
Personnel Management to the new information technology, 
including
[[Page 131 STAT. 1527]]
the National Background Investigations System, as 
described in subsection (f).
(b) Commencement of Implementation Plan for Ongoing Discharge of 
Investigations Through DSS.--Not later than October 1, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense shall commence carrying out the implementation plan 
developed pursuant to section 951(a)(1) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2371; 10 U.S.C. 1564 note).
(c) Transfer of Certain Functions Within DoD to DSS.--
(1) Transfer required.--For purposes of meeting the 
requirements in subsections (a) and (b), the Secretary of 
Defense shall transfer to the Defense Security Service the 
functions, personnel, and associated resources of the following 
organizations:
(A) The Consolidated Adjudications Facility.
(B) Other organizations identified by the Secretary 
for purposes of this paragraph.
(2) Supporting organizations.--In addition to the 
organizations identified pursuant to paragraph (1), the 
following organizations shall prioritize resources to directly 
support the execution of requirements in subsections (a) and 
(b):
(A) The Office of Cost Analysis and Program 
Evaluation.
(B) The Defense Digital Service.
(C) Other organizations designated by the Secretary 
for purposes of this paragraph.
(3) Timing and manner of transfer.--The Secretary--
(A) may carry out the transfer required by paragraph 
(1) at any time before the date specified in subsection 
(b) that the Secretary considers appropriate for 
purposes of this section; and
(B) shall carry out the transfer in a manner 
designed to minimize disruptions to the conduct of 
background investigations for personnel of the 
Department of Defense.
(d) Transfer of Certain Functions in OPM to DSS.--
(1) In general.--For purposes of meeting the requirements in 
subsections (a) and (b), the Secretary of Defense shall provide 
for the transfer of the functions described in paragraph (2), 
and any associated personnel and resources, to the Department of 
Defense.
(2) Functions.--The functions to be transferred pursuant to 
paragraph (1) are the following:
(A) Any personnel security investigations functions 
transferred by the Secretary to the Director of the 
Office of Personnel Management pursuant to section 906 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 5 U.S.C. 1101 note).
(B) Any other functions of the Office of Personnel 
Management in connection with background investigations 
initiated by the Department of Defense that the 
Secretary and the Director jointly consider appropriate.
(3) Assessment.--In carrying out the transfer of functions 
pursuant to paragraph (1), the Secretary shall conduct a 
comprehensive assessment of workforce requirements for both the 
Department of Defense and the National Background Investigations 
Bureau synchronized to the transition plan, including a forecast 
of workforce needs across the current future-years
[[Page 131 STAT. 1528]]
defense plan for the Department. Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report 
containing the results of the assessment.
(4) Consultation.--The Secretary shall carry out paragraphs 
(1), (2), and (3) in consultation with the Director of the 
Office of Personnel Management and the Director of the Office of 
Management and Budget.
(5) Location within dod.--Any functions transferred to the 
Department of Defense pursuant to this subsection shall be 
located within the Defense Security Service.
(e) Conduct of Certain Actions.--For purposes of the conduct of 
background investigations following the commencement of carrying out the 
implementation plan referred to in subsection (b), the Secretary of 
Defense shall provide for the following:
(1) A single capability for the centralized funding, 
submissions, and processing of all background investigations, 
from within the Defense Security Service.
(2) The discharge by the Consolidated Adjudications 
Facility, from within the Defense Security Service pursuant to 
transfer under subsection (c), of adjudications in connection 
with the following:
(A) Background investigations.
(B) Continuous evaluation and vetting checks.
(f) Enhancement of Information Technology Capabilities of NBIS.--
(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
review of the information technology capabilities of the 
National Background Investigations System in order to determine 
whether enhancements to such capabilities are required for the 
following:
(A) Support for background investigations pursuant 
to this section and section 951 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-
328; 130 Stat. 2371; 10 U.S.C. 1564 note).
(B) Support of the National Background 
Investigations Bureau.
(C) Execution of the conduct of background 
investigations initiated by the Department of Defense 
pursuant to this section, including submissions and 
adjudications.
(2) Common component.--In providing for the transition and 
operation of the National Background Investigations System as 
described in paragraph (1)(C), the Secretary shall develop a 
common component of the System usable for background 
investigations by both the Defense Security Service and the 
National Background Investigations Bureau.
(3) Enhancements.--If the review pursuant to paragraph (1) 
determines that enhancements described in that paragraph are 
required, the Secretary shall carry out such enhancements.
(4) Consultation.--The Secretary shall carry out this 
subsection in consultation with the Director of the Office of 
Personnel Management.
(g) Use of Certain Private Industry Data.--In carrying out 
background and security investigations pursuant to this section and 
section 951 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2371; 10 U.S.C. 1564 note), the 
Secretary of Defense may use background materials
[[Page 131 STAT. 1529]]
collected on individuals by the private sector, in accordance with 
national policies and standards, that are applicable to such 
investigations, including materials as follows:
(1) Financial information, including credit scores and 
credit status.
(2) Criminal records.
(3) Drug screening.
(4) Verifications of information on resumes and employment 
applications, such as previous employers, educational 
achievement, and educational institutions attended.
(5) Other publicly available electronic information.
(h) Security Clearances for Contractor Personnel.--
(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall review the 
requirements of the Department of Defense relating to position 
sensitivity designations for contractor personnel in order to 
determine whether such requirements may be reassessed or 
modified to reduce the number and range of contractor personnel 
who are issued security clearances in connection with work under 
contracts with the Department.
(2) Guidance.--The Secretary shall issue guidance to program 
managers, contracting officers, and security personnel of the 
Department specifying requirements for the review of contractor 
position sensitivity designations and the number of contractor 
personnel of the Department who are issued security clearances 
for the purposes of determining whether the number of such 
personnel who are issued security clearances should and can be 
reduced.
(i) Personnel To Support the Transfer of Functions.--The Secretary 
of Defense shall authorize the Director of the Defense Security Service 
to promptly increase the number of personnel of the Defense Security 
Service for the purpose of beginning the establishment and expansion of 
investigative capacity to support the phased transfer of investigative 
functions from the Office of Personnel Management to the Department of 
Defense under this section. The Director of Cost Analysis and Program 
Assessment shall advise the Secretary on the size of the initial 
investigative workforce and the rate of growth of that workforce.
(j) Report on Future Periodic Reinvestigations, Insider Threat, and 
Continuous Vetting.--
(1) Report required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report that 
includes the following:
(A) An assessment of the feasibility and 
advisability of periodic reinvestigations of backgrounds 
of Government and contractor personnel with security 
clearances, including lessons from all of the continuous 
evaluation pilots being conducted throughout the 
Government, and identification of new or additional data 
sources and data analytic tools needed for improving 
current continuous evaluation or vetting capabilities.
(B) A plan to provide the Government with an 
enhanced risk management model that reduces the gaps in 
coverage perpetuated by the current time-based periodic 
reinvestigations model, particularly in light of the 
increasing use of continuous background evaluations of 
personnel referred to in subparagraph (A).
[[Page 131 STAT. 1530]]
(C) A plan for expanding continuous background 
vetting capabilities, such as the Installation Matching 
Engine for Security and Analysis, to the broader 
population, including those at the lowest tiers and 
levels of access, which plan shall include details to 
ensure that all individuals credentialed for physical 
access to Department of Defense facilities and 
installations are vetted to the same level of fitness 
determinations and subject to appropriate continuous 
vetting.
(D) A plan to fully integrate and incorporate 
insider threat data, tools, and capabilities into the 
new end-to-end vetting processes and supporting 
information technology established by the Defense 
Security Service to ensure a holistic and 
transformational approach to detecting, deterring, and 
mitigating threats posed by trusted insiders.
(2) Consultation.--The Secretary shall prepare the report 
under paragraph (1) in consultation with the Director of 
National Intelligence and the Director of the Office of 
Personnel Management.
(k) Quarterly and Annual Briefings and Reports.--
(1) Annual assessment of timeliness.--Not later than 
December 31, 2018, and each December 31 thereafter through the 
date specified in paragraph (4), the Security Executive Agent, 
in coordination with the Chair and other Principals of the 
Security, Suitability, and Credentialing Performance 
Accountability Council, shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on the timeliness of personnel 
security clearance initiations, investigations, and 
adjudications, by clearance level, for both initial 
investigations and periodic reinvestigations during the prior 
fiscal year for Government and contractor employees, including 
the following:
(A) The average periods of time taken by each 
authorized investigative agency and authorized 
adjudicative agency to initiate cases, conduct 
investigations, and adjudicate cases as compared with 
established timeliness objectives, from the date a 
completed security clearance application is received to 
the date of adjudication and notification to the subject 
and the subject's employer.
(B) The number of initial investigations and 
periodic reinvestigations initiated and adjudicated by 
each authorized adjudicative agency.
(C) The number of initial investigations and 
periodic reinvestigations carried over from prior fiscal 
years by each authorized investigative and adjudicative 
agency.
(D) The number of initial investigations and 
periodic reinvestigations that resulted in a denial or 
revocation of a security clearance by each authorized 
adjudicative agency.
(E) The costs to the executive branch related to 
personnel security clearance initiations, 
investigations, adjudications, revocations, and 
continuous evaluation.
(F) A discussion of any impediments to the timely 
processing of personnel security clearances.
(G) The number of clearance holders enrolled in 
continuous evaluation and the numbers and types of 
adverse
[[Page 131 STAT. 1531]]
actions taken as a result by each authorized 
adjudicative agency.
(H) The number of personnel security clearance 
cases, both initial investigations and periodic 
reinvestigations, awaiting or under investigation by the 
National Background Investigations Bureau.
(I) Other information as appropriate, including any 
recommendations to improve the timeliness and efficiency 
of personnel security clearance initiations, 
investigations, and adjudications.
(2) Quarterly briefings.--Not later than the end of each 
calendar-year quarter beginning after January 1, 2018, through 
the date specified in paragraph (4), the Secretary of Defense 
shall provide the appropriate congressional committees a 
briefing on the progress of the Secretary in carrying out the 
requirements of this section during that calendar-year quarter. 
Until the backlog of security clearance applications at the 
National Background Investigations Bureau is eliminated, each 
quarterly briefing shall also include the current status of the 
backlog and the resulting mission and resource impact to the 
Department of Defense and the defense industrial base. Until the 
phased transition described in subsection (a) is complete, each 
quarterly briefing shall also include identification of any 
resources planned for movement from the National Background 
Investigations Bureau to the Department of Defense during the 
next calendar-year quarter.
(3) Annual reports.--Not later than December 31, 2018, and 
each December 31 thereafter through the date specified in 
paragraph (4), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report on the following 
for the calendar year in which the report is to be submitted:
(A) The status of the Secretary in meeting the 
requirements in subsections (a), (b), and (c).
(B) The status of any transfers to be carried out 
pursuant to subsection (d).
(C) An assessment of the personnel security 
capabilities of the Department of Defense.
(D) The average periods of time taken by each 
authorized investigative agency and authorized 
adjudicative agency to initiate cases, conduct 
investigations, and adjudicate cases as compared with 
established timeliness objectives, from the date a 
completed security clearance application is received to 
the date of adjudication and notification to the subject 
and the subject's employer.
(E) The number of initial investigations and 
periodic reinvestigations initiated and adjudicated by 
each authorized adjudicative agency.
(F) The number of initial investigations and 
periodic reinvestigations carried over from prior fiscal 
years by each authorized investigative and adjudicative 
agency.
(G) The number of initial investigations and 
periodic reinvestigations that resulted in a denial or 
revocation of a security clearance by each authorized 
adjudicative agency.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1532]]
(H) The costs to the Department of Defense related 
to personnel security clearance initiations, 
investigations, adjudications, revocations, and 
continuous evaluation.
(I) A discussion of any impediments to the timely 
processing of personnel security clearances.
(J) The number of clearance holders enrolled in 
continuous evaluation and the numbers and types of 
adverse actions taken as a result.
(K) The number of personnel security clearance 
cases, both initial investigations and periodic 
reinvestigations, awaiting or under investigation by the 
National Background Investigations Bureau.
(L) Other information that the Secretary considers 
appropriate, including any recommendations to improve 
the timeliness and efficiency of personnel security 
clearance initiations, investigations, and 
adjudications.
(4) Termination.--No briefing or report is required under 
this subsection after December 31, 2021.
(l) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
(1) the Committees on Armed Services, Appropriations, 
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, and the Select 
Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
(2) the Committees on Armed Services, Appropriations, 
Oversight and Government Reform, and the Permanent Select 
Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives.
Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Reporting Requirements
SEC. 931. ADDITIONAL ELEMENTS IN REPORTS ON POLICY, ORGANIZATION, 
AND MANAGEMENT GOALS OF THE SECRETARY OF 
DEFENSE FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
Section 912(a)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2349) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
``(D) A civilian operating force structure sized for 
operational effectiveness that is manned, equipped, and 
trained to support deployment time and rotation ratios 
that sustain the readiness and needed retention levels 
of the regular and reserve components of the Armed 
Forces.
``(E) The hiring authorities and other actions that 
the Secretary of Defense or the Secretaries of the 
military departments will take to eliminate any gaps 
between desired programmed civilian workforce levels and 
the current size of the civilian workforce, set forth by 
mission and functional area.''.
SEC. 932. REPORT AND SENSE OF CONGRESS ON RESPONSIBILITY FOR 
DEVELOPMENTAL TEST AND EVALUATION WITHIN 
THE OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE.
(a) Report on Plans to Address Developmental Test and Evaluation 
Responsibilities Within the Office of the Secretary of Defense.--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1533]]
(1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a report containing a strategy to ensure that 
there is sufficient expertise, oversight, and policy direction 
on developmental test and evaluation within the Office of the 
Secretary of Defense after the completion of the reorganization 
of such Office required under section 901 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-
328; 130 Stat. 2339).
(2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
address the following:
(A) The structure of the roles and responsibilities 
of the senior Department of Defense official responsible 
for developmental test and evaluation, as distinct from 
operational test and evaluation or systems engineering.
(B) The location of the senior Department of Defense 
official responsible for developmental test and 
evaluation within the organizational structure of the 
Office of the Secretary of Defense.
(C) An estimate of personnel and other resources 
that should be made available to the senior Department 
of Defense official responsible for developmental test 
and evaluation to ensure that such official can provide 
independent expertise, oversight, and policy direction 
and guidance Department of Defense-wide.
(D) Methods to ensure that the senior Department of 
Defense official responsible for developmental test and 
evaluation will be empowered to facilitate Department of 
Defense-wide efficiencies by helping programs to 
optimize test designs and activities, including ensuring 
access to program data and participation in acquisition 
program oversight.
(E) Methods to ensure that an advocate for test and 
evaluation workforce will continue to exist within the 
acquisition workforce.
(b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
(1) developmental testing is critical to reducing 
acquisition program risk by providing valuable information to 
support sound decision making;
(2) major defense acquisition programs often do not conduct 
enough developmental testing, so too many problems are first 
identified during operational testing, when they are expensive 
and time-consuming to fix; and
(3) in order to ensure that effective developmental testing 
is conducted on major defense acquisition programs, the 
Secretary of Defense should--
(A) carefully consider where the senior Department 
of Defense official responsible for developmental test 
and evaluation is located within the organizational 
structure of the Office of the Secretary of Defense; and
(B) ensure that such official has sufficient 
authority and resources to provide oversight and policy 
direction on developmental test and evaluation 
Department of Defense-wide.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1534]]
SEC. 933. REPORT ON OFFICE OF CORROSION POLICY AND OVERSIGHT.
(a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report--
(1) evaluating the continued need for the Office of 
Corrosion Policy and Oversight; and
(2) containing a recommendation regarding whether to retain 
or terminate the Office.
(b) Assessment.--As part of the report required by subsection (a), 
the Secretary of Defense shall conduct an assessment to determine 
whether there is duplication in matters relating to corrosion prevention 
and control and mitigation of corrosion of the military equipment and 
infrastructure of the Department of Defense between the Office of 
Corrosion Policy and Oversight and other elements of the Department, 
including, in particular, the Corrosion Control and Prevention 
Executives of the military departments.
(c) Recommendation.--If the report required by subsection (a) 
includes a recommendation to terminate the Office of Corrosion Policy 
and Oversight, the Secretary of Defense shall include recommendations 
for such additional authorities, if any, for the military departments 
and the Armed Forces as the Secretary considers appropriate to ensure 
the proper discharge by the Department of Defense of functions relating 
to corrosion prevention and control and mitigation of corrosion in the 
absence of the Office.
Subtitle D--Other Matters
SEC. 941. COMMISSION ON THE NATIONAL DEFENSE STRATEGY FOR THE 
UNITED STATES.
(a) Extension of Deadlines for Reporting and Briefing 
Requirements.--Section 942(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2368) is amended--
(1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``December 1, 2017'' and 
inserting ``July 1, 2018''; and
(2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``June 1, 2017'' and 
inserting ``March 1, 2018''.
(b) Treatment of Commission.--Section 942 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2368) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
``(h) Legislative Advisory Committee.--The Commission shall operate 
as a legislative advisory committee and shall not be subject to the 
provisions of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Public Law 92-463; 5 
U.S.C. App.) or section 552b of title 5, United States Code (commonly 
known as the Government in the Sunshine Act).''.
TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS
Subtitle A--Financial Matters
Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Consolidation, codification, and improvement of certain 
authorities and requirements in connection with the audit of 
the financial statements of the Department of Defense.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1535]]
Sec. 1003. Improper payment matters.
Sec. 1004. Rankings of auditability of financial statements of the 
organizations and elements of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1005. Financial operations dashboard for the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1006. Review and recommendations on efforts to obtain audit opinion 
on full financial statements.
Sec. 1007. Notification requirement for certain contracts for audit 
services.
Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities
Sec. 1011. Extension of authority to support a unified counterdrug and 
counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1012. Venue for prosecution of maritime drug trafficking.
Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards
Sec. 1021. National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1022. Use of National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund for multiyear 
procurement of certain critical components.
Sec. 1023. Operational readiness of littoral combat ships on extended 
deployment.
Sec. 1024. Availability of funds for retirement or inactivation of 
Ticonderoga-class cruisers or dock landing ships.
Sec. 1025. Policy of the United States on minimum number of battle force 
ships.
Sec. 1026. Surveying ships.
Subtitle D--Counterterrorism
Sec. 1031. Modification of authority on support of special operations to 
combat terrorism.
Sec. 1032. Termination of requirement to submit annual budget 
justification display for Department of Defense combating 
terrorism program.
Sec. 1033. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
Guantanamo Bay, Cuba to the United States.
Sec. 1034. Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify facilities 
in the United States to house detainees transferred from 
United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1035. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.
Sec. 1036. Prohibition on use of funds to close or relinquish control of 
United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1037. Sense of Congress regarding providing for timely victim and 
family testimony in military commission trials.
Sec. 1038. Report on public availability of military commissions 
proceedings.
Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations
Sec. 1041. Limitation on expenditure of funds for emergency and 
extraordinary expenses for intelligence and counter-
intelligence activities.
Sec. 1042. Matters relating to the submittal of future-years defense 
programs.
Sec. 1043. Modifications to humanitarian demining assistance 
authorities.
Sec. 1044. Prohibition on charge of certain tariffs on aircraft 
traveling through channel routes.
Sec. 1045. Prohibition on lobbying activities with respect to the 
Department of Defense by certain officers of the Armed Forces 
and civilian employees of the Department following separation 
from military service or employment with the Department.
Sec. 1046. Prohibition on use of funds for retirement of legacy maritime 
mine countermeasures platforms.
Sec. 1047. Report on western Pacific Ocean ship depot maintenance 
capability and capacity.
Sec. 1048. Annual training regarding the influence campaign of the 
Russian Federation.
Sec. 1049. Workforce issues for military realignments in the Pacific.
Subtitle F--Studies and Reports
Sec. 1051. Elimination of reporting requirements terminated after 
November 25, 2017, pursuant to section 1080 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016.
Sec. 1052. Report on transfer of defense articles to units committing 
gross violations of human rights.
Sec. 1053. Report on the National Biodefense Analysis and 
Countermeasures Center.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1536]]
Sec. 1054. Report on Department of Defense Arctic capability and 
resource gaps and required infrastructure.
Sec. 1055. Review and assessment of Department of Defense personnel 
recovery and nonconventional assisted recovery mechanisms.
Sec. 1056. Mine warfare readiness inspection plan and report.
Sec. 1057. Annual report on civilian casualties in connection with 
United States military operations.
Sec. 1058. Report on Joint Pacific Alaska Range Complex modernization.
Sec. 1059. Report on alternatives to aqueous film forming foam.
Sec. 1060. Assessment of global force posture.
Sec. 1061. Army modernization strategy.
Sec. 1062. Report on Army plan to improve operational unit readiness by 
reducing number of non-deployable soldiers assigned to 
operational units.
Sec. 1063. Efforts to combat physiological episodes on certain Navy 
aircraft.
Sec. 1064. Studies on aircraft inventories for the Air Force.
Sec. 1065. Department of Defense review of Navy capabilities in the 
Arctic region.
Sec. 1066. Comprehensive review of maritime intelligence, surveillance, 
reconnaissance, and targeting capabilities.
Sec. 1067. Report on the need for a Joint Chemical-Biological Defense 
Logistics Center.
Sec. 1068. Missile Technology Control Regime Category I unmanned aerial 
vehicle systems.
Sec. 1069. Recommendations for interagency vetting of foreign 
investments affecting national security.
Sec. 1070. Briefing on prior attempted Russian cyber attacks against 
defense systems.
Sec. 1071. Enhanced analytical and monitoring capability of the defense 
industrial base.
Sec. 1072. Report on defense of combat logistics and strategic mobility 
forces.
Sec. 1073. Report on acquisition strategy to recapitalize the existing 
system for undersea fixed surveillance.
Sec. 1074. Report on implementation of requirements in connection with 
the organization of the Department of Defense for management 
of special operations forces and special operations.
Sec. 1075. Report on the global food system and vulnerabilities relevant 
to Department of Defense missions.
Subtitle G--Modernizing Government Technology
Sec. 1076. Definitions.
Sec. 1077. Establishment of agency information technology systems 
modernization and working capital funds.
Sec. 1078. Establishment of technology modernization fund and board.
Subtitle H--Other Matters
Sec. 1081. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Clarification of applicability of certain provisions of law 
to civilian judges of the United States Court of Military 
Commission Review.
Sec. 1083. Modification of requirement relating to conversion of certain 
military technician (dual status) positions to civilian 
positions.
Sec. 1084. National Guard accessibility to Department of Defense issued 
unmanned aircraft.
Sec. 1085. Sense of Congress regarding aircraft carriers.
Sec. 1086. Sense of Congress recognizing the United States Navy Seabees.
Sec. 1087. Construction of memorial to the crew of the Apollo I launch 
test accident at Arlington National Cemetery.
Sec. 1088. Department of Defense engagement with covered non-Federal 
entities.
Sec. 1089. Prize competition to identify root cause of physiological 
episodes on Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force training and 
operational aircraft.
Sec. 1090. Providing assistance to House of Representatives in response 
to cybersecurity events.
Sec. 1091. Transfer of surplus firearms to Corporation for the Promotion 
of Rifle Practice and Firearms Safety.
Sec. 1092. Collaboration between Federal Aviation Administration and 
Department of Defense on unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 1093. Carriage of certain programming.
Sec. 1094. National strategy for countering violent extremism.
Sec. 1095. Sense of Congress regarding World War I.
Sec. 1096. Notice to Congress of terms of Department of Defense 
settlement agreements.
Sec. 1097. Office of Special Counsel reauthorization.
Sec. 1098. Air transportation of civilian Department of Defense 
personnel to and from Afghanistan.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1537]]
Subtitle A--Financial Matters
SEC. 1001. GENERAL TRANSFER AUTHORITY.
(a) Authority To Transfer Authorizations.--
(1) Authority.--Upon determination by the Secretary of 
Defense that such action is necessary in the national interest, 
the Secretary may transfer amounts of authorizations made 
available to the Department of Defense in this division for 
fiscal year 2018 between any such authorizations for that fiscal 
year (or any subdivisions thereof). Amounts of authorizations so 
transferred shall be merged with and be available for the same 
purposes as the authorization to which transferred.
(2) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), the 
total amount of authorizations that the Secretary may transfer 
under the authority of this section may not exceed 
$4,500,000,000.
(3) Exception for transfers between military personnel 
authorizations.--A transfer of funds between military personnel 
authorizations under title IV shall not be counted toward the 
dollar limitation in paragraph (2).
(b) Limitations.--The authority provided by subsection (a) to 
transfer authorizations--
(1) may only be used to provide authority for items that 
have a higher priority than the items from which authority is 
transferred; and
(2) may not be used to provide authority for an item that 
has been denied authorization by Congress.
(c) Effect on Authorization Amounts.--A transfer made from one 
account to another under the authority of this section shall be deemed 
to increase the amount authorized for the account to which the amount is 
transferred by an amount equal to the amount transferred.
(d) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary shall promptly notify 
Congress of each transfer made under subsection (a).
SEC. 1002. CONSOLIDATION, CODIFICATION, AND IMPROVEMENT OF CERTAIN 
AUTHORITIES AND REQUIREMENTS IN 
CONNECTION WITH THE AUDIT OF THE 
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF THE DEPARTMENT 
OF DEFENSE.
(a) Establishment of New Chapter on Audit.--
(1) In general.--Part I of subtitle A of title 10, United 
States Code, <>  is amended by inserting 
after chapter 9 the following new chapter:
``CHAPTER 9A--AUDIT
``Sec.
``251. Audit of Department of Defense financial statements.
``252. Financial Improvement and Audit Remediation Plan.
``253. Audit: consolidated corrective action plan; centralized reporting 
system.
``254. Audits: audit of financial statements of Department of Defense 
components by independent external auditors.
``254a. Audits: use of commercial data integration and analysis products 
in preparing audits.
``254b. Audits: selection of service providers for audit services.''.
(2) <>  Clerical amendments.--
The tables of chapters at the beginning of subtitle A of title 
10, United States Code, and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1538]]
part I of such subtitle, <>  are 
each amended by inserting after the item relating to chapter 9 
the following new item:
``9A. Audit.......................................................251''.
(b) Requirement for Audit of Financial Statements.--
(1) In general.--Chapter 9A of title 10, United States Code, 
as added by subsection (a), is amended by inserting after the 
table of sections a new section 251 as follows:
``Sec. 251. <> Audit of Department of Defense 
financial statements
``(a) Annual Audit Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
that a full audit is performed on the financial statements of the 
Department of Defense for each fiscal year as required by section 
3521(e) of title 31.
``(b) Annual Report on Audit.--The Secretary shall submit to 
Congress the results of the audit performed in accordance with 
subsection (a) for a fiscal year by not later than March 31 of the 
following fiscal year.''.
(2) Conforming repeal.--Section 1003 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 
Stat. 842; 10 U.S.C. 2222 note) is repealed.
(c) Financial Improvement and Audit Remediation Plan.--
(1) In general.--Chapter 9A of title 10, United States Code, 
as added and amended by this section, is further amended by 
inserting after section 251, as added by subsection (b), a new 
section 252 consisting of--
(A) a heading as follows:
``Sec. 252. <>  Financial Improvement and Audit 
Remediation Plan''; and
(B) a text consisting subsection (a) of section 1003 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2010 (10 U.S.C. 2222 note).
(2) Amendments in connection with codification.--Subsection 
(a) of section 252 of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
paragraph (1), is amended--
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``develop and''; 
and
(B) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking ``of title 10, 
United States Code'' and inserting ``of this title''.
(3) Improvements.--Such section 252, as added and amended by 
this subsection, is further amended--
(A) in the subsection headings for subsection (a), 
by striking ``Financial Improvement and Audit Readiness 
Plan'' and inserting ``Financial Improvement and Audit 
Remediation Plan'';
(B) in subsection (a)--
(i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Financial 
Improvement and Audit Readiness Plan'' and 
inserting ``Financial Improvement and Audit 
Remediation Plan''; and
(ii) in paragraph (2)--
(I) in subparagraph (A)--
(aa) by striking the matter 
preceding clause (i) and 
inserting the following:
``(A) describe specific actions to be taken, 
including interim milestones with a detailed description 
of the subordinate activities required, and estimate the 
costs associated with--'';
[[Page 131 STAT. 1539]]
(bb) in clause (ii), by 
striking ``are validated as 
ready for audit'' and all that 
follows and inserting ``go under 
full financial statement audit, 
and that the Department 
leadership makes every effort to 
reach an unmodified opinion as 
soon as possible;''; and
(cc) by adding at the end 
the following new clauses:
``(iii) achieving an unqualified audit opinion 
for each major element of the statement of 
budgetary resources of the Department of Defense; 
and
``(iv) addressing the existence and 
completeness of each major category of Department 
of Defense assets; and'';
(II) in subparagraph (B)--
(aa) by inserting 
``business'' before ``process 
and control'';
(bb) by striking ``the 
business enterprise architecture 
and transition plan required 
by''; and
(cc) by striking the 
semicolon at the end and 
inserting a period; and
(III) by striking subparagraphs (C) 
and (D); and
(C) by inserting after subsection (a) the following 
new subsection (b):
``(b) Report and Briefing Requirements.--
``(1) Annual report.--
``(A) In general.--Not later than June 30, 2019, and 
annually thereafter, the Under Secretary of Defense 
(Comptroller) shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the status of the implementation 
by the Department of Defense of the Financial 
Improvement and Audit Remediation Plan under subsection 
(a).
``(B) Elements.--Each report under subparagraph (A) 
shall include the following:
``(i) An analysis of the consolidated 
corrective action plan management summary prepared 
pursuant to section 253a of this title.
``(ii) Current Department of Defense-wide 
information on the status of corrective actions 
plans related to critical capabilities and 
material weaknesses, including the standard data 
elements recommended in the implementation guide 
for Office of Management and Budget Circular A-
123, for the armed forces, military departments, 
and Defense Agencies.
``(iii) A current description of the work 
undertaken and planned to be undertaken by the 
Department of Defense, and the military 
departments, Defense Agencies, and other 
organizations and elements of the Department, to 
test and verify transaction data pertinent to 
obtaining an unqualified audit of their financial 
statements, including from feeder systems.
``(iv) A current projected timeline of the 
Department in connection with the audit of the 
full financial statements of the Department, to be 
submitted to Congress annually not later than six 
months after the
[[Page 131 STAT. 1540]]
submittal to Congress of the budget of the 
President for a fiscal year under section 1105 of 
title 31, including the following:
``(I) The date on which the 
Department projects the beginning of an 
audit of the full financial statements 
of the Department, and the military 
departments, Defense Agencies, and other 
organizations and elements of the 
Department, for a fiscal year.
``(II) The date on which the 
Department projects the completions of 
audits of the full financial statements 
of the Department, and the military 
departments, Defense Agencies, and other 
organizations and elements of the 
Department, for a fiscal year.
``(III) The dates on which the 
Department estimates it will obtain an 
unqualified audit opinion on the full 
financial statements of the Department, 
the military departments, the Defense 
Agencies, and other organizations and 
elements of the Department for a fiscal 
year.
``(v) A current estimate of the anticipated 
annual costs of maintaining an unqualified audit 
opinion on the full financial statements of the 
Department, the military departments, the Defense 
Agencies, and other organizations and elements of 
the Department for a fiscal year after an 
unqualified audit opinion on such full financial 
statements for a fiscal year is first obtained.
``(vi) A certification of the results of the 
audit of the financial statements of the 
Department performed for the preceding fiscal 
year, and a statement summarizing, based on such 
results, the current condition of the financial 
statements of the Department.
``(2) Semiannual briefings.--Not later than January 31 and 
June 30 each year, the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) 
and the comptrollers of the military departments shall provide a 
briefing to the congressional defense committees on the status 
of the corrective action plan.
``(3) Critical capabilities defined.--In this subsection, 
the term `critical capabilities' means the critical capabilities 
described in the Department of Defense report titled `Financial 
Improvement and Audit Readiness (FIAR) Plan Status Report' and 
dated May 2016.''.
(4) Conforming repeal.--Section 1003 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 <>  is repealed.
(d) Consolidated Corrective Action Plan.--Chapter 9A of title 10, 
United States Code, as added and amended by this section, is further 
amended by adding after section 252, as added and amended by subsection 
(c), a new section 253 consisting of--
(1) a heading as follows:
``Sec. 253. <>  Audit: consolidated corrective 
action plan; centralized reporting system''; and
(2) a text as follows:
``The Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1541]]
``(1) on a bimonthly basis, prepare a consolidated 
corrective action plan management summary on the status of key 
corrective actions plans related to critical capabilities for 
the armed forces and for the components of the Department of 
Defense that support the armed forces; and
``(2) develop and maintain a centralized monitoring and 
reporting process that captures and maintains up-to-date 
information, including the standard data elements recommended in 
the implementation guide for Office of Management and Budget 
Circular A-123, for key corrective action plans and findings and 
recommendations Department-wide that pertain to critical 
capabilities.''.
(e) Audit of DoD Components by Independent External Auditors.--
(1) In general.--Chapter 9A of title 10, United States Code, 
as added and amended by this section, is further amended by 
adding after section 253, as added and amended by subsection 
(d), a new section 254 consisting of--
(A) a heading as follows:
``Sec. 254. <>  Audits: audit of financial 
statements of Department of Defense components by 
independent external auditors''; and
(B) a text consisting of the text of section 1005 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 861; 10 U.S.C. 2222 
note).
(2) Amendments in connection with codification.--Section 254 
of title 10, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), is 
further amended--
(A) in subsections (d)(1)(A) and (e)(3), by striking 
``, United States Code''; and
(B) in subsections (a) and (e)(2), by striking ``, 
United States Code,''.
(3) Improvements.--Such section 254, as added and amended by 
this subsection, is further amended--
(A) in subsection (d)(1)--
(i) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``and 
the Chief Management Officer of the Department of 
Defense'' before the semicolon;
(ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' 
at the end;
(iii) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
subparagraph (D); and
(iv) by inserting after subparagraph (B), the 
following new subparagraph (C):
``(C) the head of each component audited; and''; and
(B) in subsection (e)--
(i) by striking paragraph (1); and
(ii) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) 
as paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively.
(4) Conforming repeal.--Section 1005 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 <>  is repealed.
(f) Use of Commercial Data Integration and Analysis Products.--
(1) In general.--Chapter 9A of title 10, United States Code, 
as added and amended by this section, is further amended
[[Page 131 STAT. 1542]]
by adding after section 254, as added and amended by subsection 
(e), a new section 254a consisting of--
(A) a heading as follows:
``Sec. 254a. <> Audits: use of commercial data 
integration and analysis products in preparing 
audits''; and
(B) a text consisting of subsections (a) and (b) of 
section 1003 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2380; 10 U.S.C. 2222 note).
(2) Amendments in connection with codification.--Section 
254a of title 10, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), 
is amended--
(A) in subsection (a)--
(i) by striking ``of title 10, United States 
Code,'' and inserting ``of this title''; and
(ii) by striking ``, as soon as 
practicable,''; and
(B) in subsection (b), by striking ``this 
deployment'' and inserting ``deployment of technologies 
and services as described in subsection (a)''.
(3) Conforming repeal.--Section 1003 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 <>  is repealed.
(g) Selection of Service Providers for Audit Services.--
(1) In general.--Chapter 9A of title 10, United States Code, 
as added and amended by this section, is further amended by 
adding after section 254a, as added and amended by subsection 
(f), a new section 254b consisting of--
(A) a heading as follows:
``Sec. 254b. <> Audits: selection of service 
providers for audit services''; and
(B) a text consisting of the text of section 892 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2324; 10 U.S.C. 2331 
note).
(2) Improvement.--Section 254b of title 10, United States 
Code, as added by paragraph (1), is amended by striking ``and 
audit readiness services''.
(3) Conforming repeal.--Section 892 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 <>  is repealed.
(h) Repeal of Certain Requirements in Connection With Reliability of 
DoD Financial Statements.--Section 1008 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002 (10 U.S.C. 113 note) is amended 
by striking subsections (d), (e), and (f).
SEC. 1003. <> IMPROPER PAYMENT MATTERS.
Subject to the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of 
Defense, the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall take the 
following actions:
(1) With regard to estimating improper payments:
(A) Establish and implement key quality assurance 
procedures, such as reconciliations, to ensure the 
completeness and accuracy of sampled populations.
(B) Revise the procedures for the sampling 
methodologies of the Department of Defense so that such 
procedures--
(i) comply with Office of Management and 
Budget guidance and generally accepted statistical 
standards;
[[Page 131 STAT. 1543]]
(ii) produce statistically valid improper 
payment error rates, statistically valid improper 
payment dollar estimates, and appropriate 
confidence intervals for both; and
(iii) in meeting clauses (i) and (ii), take 
into account the size and complexity of the 
transactions being sampled.
(2) With regard to identifying programs susceptible to 
significant improper payments, conduct a risk assessment that 
complies with the Improper Payments Elimination and Recovery Act 
of 2010 (Public Law 111-204) and the amendments made by that Act 
(in this section collectively referred to as ``IPERA'').
(3) With regard to reducing improper payments, establish 
procedures that produce corrective action plans that--
(A) comply fully with IPERA and associated Office of 
Management and Budget guidance, including by holding 
individuals responsible for implementing corrective 
actions and monitoring the status of corrective actions; 
and
(B) are in accordance with best practices, such as 
those recommended by the Chief Financial Officers 
Council, including by providing for--
(i) measurement of the progress made toward 
remediating root causes of improper payments; and
(ii) communication to the Secretary of Defense 
and the heads of departments, agencies, and 
organizations and elements of the Department of 
Defense, and key stakeholders, on the progress 
made toward remediating the root causes of 
improper payments.
(4) With regard to implementing recovery audits for improper 
payments, develop and implement procedures to--
(A) identify costs related to the recovery audits 
and recovery efforts of the Department of Defense; and
(B) evaluate improper payment recovery efforts in 
order to ensure that they are cost effective.
(5) Monitor the implementation of the revised chapter of the 
Financial Management Regulations on recovery audits in order to 
ensure that the Department of Defense, the military departments, 
the Defense Agencies, and the other organizations and elements 
of the Department of Defense either conduct recovery audits or 
demonstrate that it is not cost effective to do so.
(6) Develop and submit to the Office of Management and 
Budget for approval a payment recapture audit plan that fully 
complies with Office of Management and Budget guidance.
(7) With regard to reporting on improper payments, design 
and implement procedures to ensure that the annual improper 
payment and recovery audit reporting of the Department of 
Defense is complete, accurate, and complies with IPERA and 
associated Office of Management and Budget guidance.
SEC. 1004. RANKINGS OF AUDITABILITY OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF THE 
ORGANIZATIONS AND ELEMENTS OF THE 
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall, in coordination with the
[[Page 131 STAT. 1544]]
Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report setting forth a ranking of the auditability 
of the financial statements of the departments, agencies, organizations, 
and elements of the Department of Defense according to the progress made 
toward achieving auditability as required by law. The Under Secretary 
shall determine the criteria to be used for purposes of the rankings.
SEC. 1005. <> FINANCIAL OPERATIONS 
DASHBOARD FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
(a) In General.--The Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall 
develop and maintain on an Internet website available to Department of 
Defense agencies a tool (commonly referred to as a ``dashboard)'' to 
permit officials to track key indicators of the financial performance of 
the Department of Defense. Such key indicators may include outstanding 
accounts payable, abnormal accounts payable, outstanding advances, 
unmatched disbursements, abnormal undelivered orders, negative 
unliquidated obligations, violations of sections 1341 and 1517(a) of 
title 31, United States Code (commonly referred to as the ``Anti-
Deficiency Act''), costs deriving from payment delays, interest penalty 
payments, and improper payments, and actual savings realized through 
interest payments made, discounts for timely or advanced payments, and 
other financial management and improvement initiatives.
(b) Information Covered.--The tool shall cover financial performance 
information for the military departments, the defense agencies, and any 
other organizations or elements of the Department of Defense.
(c) Tracking of Performance Over Time.--The tool shall permit the 
tracking of financial performance over time, including by month, 
quarter, and year, and permit users of the tool to export both current 
and historical data on financial performance.
(d) Updates.--The information covered by the tool shall be updated 
not less frequently than quarterly.
SEC. 1006. <> REVIEW AND RECOMMENDATIONS 
ON EFFORTS TO OBTAIN AUDIT OPINION ON 
FULL FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.
(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may establish within the 
Department of Defense a team of distinguished, private sector experts 
with experience conducting financial audits of large public or private 
sector organizations to review and make recommendations to improve the 
efforts of the Department to obtain an audit opinion on its full 
financial statements.
(b) Scope of Activities.--A team established pursuant to subsection 
(a) shall--
(1) identify impediments to the progress of the Department 
in obtaining an audit opinion on its full financial statements, 
including an identification of the organizations or elements 
that are lagging in their efforts toward obtaining such audit 
opinion;
(2) estimate when an audit opinion on the full financial 
statements of the Department will be obtained; and
(3) consider mechanisms and incentives to support efficient 
achievement by the Department of its audit goals, including 
organizational mechanisms to transfer direction and management 
control of audit activities from subordinate organizations to 
the Office of the Secretary of Defense, individual personnel
[[Page 131 STAT. 1545]]
incentives, workforce improvements (including in senior 
leadership positions), business process, technology, and systems 
improvements (including the use of data analytics), and metrics 
by which the Secretary and Congress may measure and assess 
progress toward achievement of the audit goals of the 
Department.
(c) Reports.--
(1) Report on establishment of team.--If the Secretary takes 
action pursuant to subsection (a), the Secretary shall, not 
later than September 30, 2019, submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the team established pursuant to 
that subsection, including a description of the actions taken 
and to be taken by the team pursuant to subsection (b).
(2) Report on determination not to establish team.--If as of 
June 1, 2019, the Secretary has determined not to establish a 
team authorized by subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives on that date a report on the determination, 
including an explanation and justification for the 
determination.
SEC. 1007. <> NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENT 
FOR CERTAIN CONTRACTS FOR AUDIT 
SERVICES.
(a) Notification to Congress.--If the Under Secretary of Defense 
(Comptroller) makes a written finding that a delay in performance of a 
covered contract while a protest is pending would hinder the annual 
preparation of audited financial statements for the Department of 
Defense, and the head of the procuring activity responsible for the 
award of the covered contract does not authorize the award of the 
contract (pursuant to section 3553(c)(2) of title 31, United States 
Code) or the performance of the contract (pursuant to section 
3553(d)(3)(C) of such title), the Secretary of Defense shall--
(1) notify the congressional defense committees within 10 
days after such finding is made; and
(2) describe any steps the Department of Defense plans to 
take to mitigate any hindrance identified in such finding to the 
annual preparation of audited financial statements for the 
Department.
(b) Covered Contract Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
contract'' means a contract for services to perform an audit to comply 
with the requirements of section 3515 of title 31, United States Code.
Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities
SEC. 1011. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO SUPPORT A UNIFIED COUNTERDRUG 
AND COUNTERTERRORISM CAMPAIGN IN 
COLOMBIA.
Section 1021 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 118 Stat. 2042), as most 
recently amended by section 1013 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2385), is 
further amended--
(1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``2019'' and inserting 
``2022''; and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1546]]
(2) in subsection (c), by striking ``2019'' and inserting 
``2022''.
SEC. 1012. VENUE FOR PROSECUTION OF MARITIME DRUG TRAFFICKING.
(a) In General.--Section 70504(b) of title 46, United States Code, 
is amended to read as follows:
``(b) Venue.--A person violating section 70503 or 70508--
``(1) shall be tried in the district in which such offense 
was committed; or
``(2) if the offense was begun or committed upon the high 
seas, or elsewhere outside the jurisdiction of any particular 
State or district, may be tried in any district.''.
(b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1009(d) of the Controlled 
Substances Import and Export Act (21 U.S.C. 959(d)) is amended--
(1) in the subsection title, by striking ``; Venue''; and
(2) by striking ``Any person who violates this section shall 
be tried in the United States district court at the point of 
entry where such person enters the United States, or in the 
United States District Court for the District of Columbia.''.
Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards
SEC. 1021. NATIONAL DEFENSE SEALIFT FUND.
(a) Fund Purposes; Deposits.--Section 2218 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
(1) in subsection (c)--
(A) in paragraph (1)--
(i) by striking subparagraph (D); and
(ii) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as 
subparagraph (D);
(B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``or (D)''; and
(2) in subsection (d)--
(A) in paragraph (1)--
(i) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``and'' 
after the semicolon;
(ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; 
and'' and inserting a period; and
(iii) by striking subparagraph (D); and
(B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph 
(4):
``(4) Any other funds made available to the Department of 
Defense to carry out any of the purposes described in subsection 
(c).''.
(b) Authority to Purchase Used Vessels.--Subsection (f) of such 
section is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
``(3)(A) Notwithstanding the limitations under subsection (c)(1)(E) 
and paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense may, as part of a program to 
recapitalize the Ready Reserve Force component of the national defense 
reserve fleet and the Military Sealift Command surge fleet, purchase any 
used vessel, regardless of where such vessel was constructed if such 
vessel--
``(i) participated in the Maritime Security Fleet; and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1547]]
``(ii) is available for purchase at a reasonable cost, as 
determined by the Secretary.
``(B) If the Secretary determines that no used vessel meeting the 
requirements under clauses (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (A) is 
available, the Secretary may purchase a used vessel comparable to a 
vessel described in clause (i) of subparagraph (A), regardless of the 
source of the vessel or where the vessel was constructed, if such vessel 
is available for purchase at a reasonable cost, as determined by the 
Secretary.
``(C) The Secretary may not use the authority under this paragraph 
to purchase more than two foreign constructed ships.
``(D) The Secretary shall ensure that the initial conversion, or 
modernization of any vessel purchased under the authority of 
subparagraph (A) occurs in a shipyard located in the United States.
``(E) Not later than 30 days after the purchase of any vessel using 
the authority under this paragraph, the Secretary, in consultation with 
the Maritime Administrator, shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report that contains each of the following with respect to 
such purchase:
``(i) The date of the purchase.
``(ii) The price at which the vessel was purchased.
``(iii) The anticipated cost of modernization of the vessel.
``(iv) The proposed military utility of the vessel.
``(v) The proposed date on which the vessel will be 
available for use by the Ready Reserve.
``(vi) The contracting office responsible for the completion 
of the purchase.
``(vii) Certification that--
``(I) there was no vessel available for purchase at 
a reasonable price that was constructed in the United 
States; and
``(II) the used vessel purchased supports the 
recapitalization of the Ready Reserve Force component of 
the National Defense Reserve Fleet or the Military 
Sealift Command surge fleet.''.
(c) Definition of Maritime Security Fleet.--Subsection (k) of such 
section is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
``(5) The term `Maritime Security Fleet' means the fleet 
established under section 53102(a) of title 46.''.
(d) Budgeting for Construction of Naval Vessels.--Section 231 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) in subsection (a)--
(A) by striking ``year--'' and inserting ``year each 
of the following:'';
(B) in paragraph (1)--
(i) by striking ``a plan'' and inserting ``A 
plan'';
(ii) by striking ``combatant and support 
vessels for the Navy'' and inserting ``naval 
vessels'';
(iii) by striking the semicolon and inserting 
``for each of the following classes of ships:''; 
and
(iv) by adding at the end the following new 
subparagraphs:
``(A) Combatant and support vessels.
``(B) Auxiliary vessels.''; and
(C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``a 
certification'' and inserting ``A certification'';
[[Page 131 STAT. 1548]]
(2) in subsection (b)(2)--
(A) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) through (D) 
as subparagraphs (C) through (E), respectively;
(B) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
following new subparagraph (B):
``(B) A detailed program for the construction of auxiliary 
vessels for the Navy over the next 30 fiscal years.''; and
(C) in subparagraph (E), as redesignated by 
subparagraph (A), by striking ``subparagraph (C)'' and 
inserting ``subparagraph (D)''; and
(3) in subsection (f), by adding at the end the following 
new paragraph:
``(5) The term `auxiliary vessel' means any ship designed to 
operate in the open ocean in a variety of sea states to provide 
general support to either combatant forces or shore based 
establishments.''.
SEC. 1022. USE OF NATIONAL SEA-BASED DETERRENCE FUND FOR MULTIYEAR 
PROCUREMENT OF CERTAIN CRITICAL 
COMPONENTS.
(a) In General.--Subsection (i) of section 2218a of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
(1) by striking ``the common missile compartment'' each 
place it appears and inserting ``critical components''; and
(2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``critical parts, 
components, systems, and subsystems'' and inserting ``critical 
components''.
(b) Definition of Critical Component.--Subsection (k) of such 
section is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
``(3) The term `critical component' means any of the 
following:
``(A) A common missile compartment component.
``(B) A spherical air flask.
``(C) An air induction diesel exhaust valve.
``(D) An auxiliary seawater valve.
``(E) A hovering valve.
``(F) A missile compensation valve.
``(G) A main seawater valve.
``(H) A launch tube.
``(I) A trash disposal unit.
``(J) A logistics escape trunk.
``(K) A torpedo tube.
``(L) A weapons shipping cradle weldment.
``(M) A control surface.
``(N) A launcher component.
``(O) A propulsor.''.
(c) Clerical Amendment.--The subsection heading for subsection (i) 
of such section is amended by striking ``of the Common Missile 
Compartment''.
SEC. 1023. OPERATIONAL READINESS OF LITTORAL COMBAT SHIPS ON 
EXTENDED DEPLOYMENT.
Section 7310(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by inserting ``Under Jurisdiction of the Secretary of 
the Navy'' in the subsection heading after ``Vessels'';
(2) by striking ``A naval vessel (or any other vessel under 
the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Navy)'' and inserting 
``(1) A naval vessel''; and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1549]]
(3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
``(2)(A) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) and subject to subparagraph 
(B), in the case of a naval vessel classified as a Littoral Combat Ship 
and operating on deployment, corrective and preventive maintenance or 
repair (whether intermediate or depot level) and facilities maintenance 
may be performed on the vessel--
``(i) in a foreign shipyard;
``(ii) at a facility outside of a foreign shipyard; or
``(iii) at any other facility convenient to the vessel.
``(B)(i) Corrective and preventive maintenance or repair may be 
performed on a vessel as described in subparagraph (A) if the work is 
performed by United States Government personnel or United States 
contractor personnel.
``(ii) Facilities maintenance may be performed by a foreign 
contractor on a vessel as described in subparagraph (A) only as approved 
by the Secretary of the Navy.
``(C) In this paragraph:
``(i) The term `corrective and preventive maintenance or 
repair' means--
``(I) maintenance or repair actions performed as a 
result of a failure in order to return or restore 
equipment to acceptable performance levels; and
``(II) scheduled maintenance or repair actions to 
prevent or discover functional failures.
``(ii) The term `facilities maintenance' means preservation 
or corrosion control efforts and cleaning services.
``(D) This paragraph shall expire on September 30, 2020.''.
SEC. 1024. AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OR INACTIVATION OF 
TICONDEROGA-CLASS CRUISERS OR DOCK 
LANDING SHIPS.
None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 
2018 may be obligated or expended--
(1) to retire, prepare to retire, or inactivate a cruiser or 
dock landing ship; or
(2) to place more than six cruisers and one dock landing 
ship in the modernization program under section 1026(a)(2) of 
the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 
Stat. 3490).
SEC. 1025. <> POLICY OF THE UNITED STATES 
ON MINIMUM NUMBER OF BATTLE FORCE SHIPS.
(a) Policy.--It shall be the policy of the United States to have 
available, as soon as practicable, not fewer than 355 battle force 
ships, comprised of the optimal mix of platforms, with funding subject 
to the availability of appropriations or other funds.
(b) Battle Force Ships Defined.--In this section, the term ``battle 
force ship'' has the meaning given the term in Secretary of the Navy 
Instruction 5030.8C.
SEC. 1026. SURVEYING SHIPS.
(a) Surveying Ship Requirement.--Not later than 120 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Chief of Naval Operations shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report setting forth a 
force structure assessment that establishes a surveying ship 
requirement. The Chief of Naval Operations shall
[[Page 131 STAT. 1550]]
conduct the assessment for purposes of the report, and may limit the 
assessment to surveying ships.
(b) Definitions.--In this section:
(1) The term ``surveying ship'' has the meaning given the 
term in Secretary of the Navy Instruction 5030.8C.
(2) The term ``force structure assessment'' has the meaning 
given the term in Chief of Naval Operations Instruction 3050.27.
Subtitle D--Counterterrorism
SEC. 1031. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY ON SUPPORT OF SPECIAL 
OPERATIONS TO COMBAT TERRORISM.
(a) Oversight of Support.--Section 127e of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
(1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
(2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
subsection (g):
``(g) Oversight by ASD for SOLIC.--The Assistant Secretary of 
Defense for Special Operations and Low-Intensity Conflict shall have 
primary responsibility within the Office of the Secretary of Defense for 
oversight of policies and programs for support authorized by this 
section.''.
(b) Report Submittal Matters.--Subsection (h) of such section, as 
redesignated by subsection (a)(1) of this section, is amended--
(1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``March 1 each year'' and 
inserting ``120 days after the last day of each fiscal year''; 
and
(2) in paragraph (2)--
(A) by striking ``September 1 each year'' and 
inserting ``six months after the date of the submittal 
of the report most recently submitted under paragraph 
(1)''; and
(B) by inserting ``under this paragraph'' after ``in 
which the report''.
SEC. 1032. TERMINATION OF REQUIREMENT TO SUBMIT ANNUAL BUDGET 
JUSTIFICATION DISPLAY FOR DEPARTMENT OF 
DEFENSE COMBATING TERRORISM PROGRAM.
Section 229 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following new subsection:
``(e) Termination.--The requirement to submit a budget justification 
display under this section shall terminate on December 31, 2020.''.
SEC. 1033. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OR RELEASE OF 
INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED STATES 
NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA TO 
THE UNITED STATES.
No amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available 
for the Department of Defense may be used during the period beginning on 
the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on December 31, 2018, 
to transfer, release, or assist in the transfer or release to or within 
the United States, its territories, or possessions of Khalid Sheikh 
Mohammed or any other detainee who--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1551]]
(1) is not a United States citizen or a member of the Armed 
Forces of the United States; and
(2) is or was held on or after January 20, 2009, at United 
States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, by the Department of 
Defense.
SEC. 1034. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO CONSTRUCT OR MODIFY 
FACILITIES IN THE UNITED STATES TO HOUSE 
DETAINEES TRANSFERRED FROM UNITED STATES 
NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.
(a) In General.--No amounts authorized to be appropriated or 
otherwise made available for the Department of Defense may be used 
during the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and 
ending on December 31, 2018, to construct or modify any facility in the 
United States, its territories, or possessions to house any individual 
detained at Guantanamo for the purposes of detention or imprisonment in 
the custody or under the control of the Department of Defense.
(b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply to 
any modification of facilities at United States Naval Station, 
Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
(c) Individual Detained at Guantanamo Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' has the meaning given that 
term in section 1034(f)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 971; 10 U.S.C. 801 note).
SEC. 1035. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OR RELEASE OF 
INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED STATES 
NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA, TO 
CERTAIN COUNTRIES.
No amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available 
for the Department of Defense may be used during the period beginning on 
the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on December 31, 2018, 
to transfer, release, or assist in the transfer or release of any 
individual detained in the custody or under the control of the 
Department of Defense at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
Cuba, to the custody or control of any country, or any entity within 
such country, as follows:
(1) Libya.
(2) Somalia.
(3) Syria.
(4) Yemen.
SEC. 1036. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO CLOSE OR RELINQUISH 
CONTROL OF UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, 
GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.
None of the funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
available for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2018 may be 
used--
(1) to close or abandon United States Naval Station, 
Guantanamo Bay, Cuba;
(2) to relinquish control of Guantanamo Bay to the Republic 
of Cuba; or
(3) to implement a material modification to the Treaty 
Between the United States of America and Cuba signed at 
Washington, D.C. on May 29, 1934, that constructively closes 
United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1552]]
SEC. 1037. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING PROVIDING FOR TIMELY VICTIM 
AND FAMILY TESTIMONY IN MILITARY 
COMMISSION TRIALS.
It is the sense of Congress that in the interests of justice, 
efficiency, and providing closure to victims of terrorism and their 
families, military judges overseeing military commissions in United 
States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, should consider making 
arrangements to take recorded testimony from victims and their families 
should they wish to provide testimony before such a commission.
SEC. 1038. REPORT ON PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF MILITARY COMMISSIONS 
PROCEEDINGS.
(a) GAO Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a study on the feasibility and advisability of expanding the 
public availability of military commissions proceedings that are made 
open to the public.
(b) Report to Congress.--
(1) Interim report.--Not later than April 1, 2018, the 
Comptroller General shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and of the House of Representatives a 
report containing the interim findings of the Comptroller 
General pursuant to the study required by subsection (a).
(2) Final report.--Not later than one year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and of the 
House of Representatives a final report on the findings and 
recommendations of the Comptroller General pursuant to such 
study.
(3) Form of reports.--The reports required by this 
subsection shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may 
contain a classified annex.
Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations
SEC. 1041. LIMITATION ON EXPENDITURE OF FUNDS FOR EMERGENCY AND 
EXTRAORDINARY EXPENSES FOR INTELLIGENCE 
AND COUNTER-INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES.
(a) Limitation.--Subsection (c) of section 127 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
``(4)(A) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), funds may not be obligated 
or expended in an amount in excess of $100,000 under the authority of 
subsection (a) or (b) for intelligence or counter-intelligence 
activities until the Secretary of Defense has notified the congressional 
defense committees and the congressional intelligence committees of the 
intent to obligate or expend the funds and 15 days have elapsed since 
the date of the notification.
``(B) The Secretary of Defense may waive subparagraph (A) if the 
Secretary determines that such a waiver is necessary due to 
extraordinary circumstances that affect the national security of the 
United States. If the Secretary issues a waiver under this subparagraph, 
the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense and 
congressional intelligence committees, by not later
[[Page 131 STAT. 1553]]
than 48 hours after issuing the waiver, written notice of and 
justification for the waiver.''.
(b) Annual Report.--Subsection (d) of such section is amended--
(1) by striking ``Not later'' and inserting ``(1) Not 
later'';
(2) by striking ``to the congressional defense committees'' 
and all that follows through the period at the end and inserting 
an em dash; and
(3) by adding at the end the following:
``(A) to the congressional defense committees a report on 
all expenditures during the preceding fiscal year under 
subsections (a) and (b); and
``(B) to the congressional intelligence committees a report 
on expenditures relating to intelligence and counter-
intelligence during the preceding fiscal year under subsections 
(a) and (b).
``(2) Each report required to be submitted under paragraph (1) shall 
include a detailed explanation, by category of activity and approving 
authority (the Secretary of Defense, the Inspector General of the 
Department of Defense, and the Secretary of a military department), of 
the expenditures during the preceding fiscal year.''.
(c) Definition.--Such section is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new subsection:
``(e) Definition of Congressional Intelligence Committees.--In this 
section, the term `congressional intelligence committees' means the 
Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
Representatives and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
Senate.''.
(d) Report on Intelligence and Counter-intelligence Funding 
Authorities.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense and intelligence committees a report describing current and, if 
necessary, any required, funding authorities to sustain recurring 
expenses for intelligence and counter-intelligence activities in lieu of 
section 127 of title 10, United States Code. Such report shall include a 
description of the potential benefits and negative consequences of the 
codification of a distinct authority for such purposes.
SEC. 1042. MATTERS RELATING TO THE SUBMITTAL OF FUTURE-YEARS 
DEFENSE PROGRAMS.
(a) Timing of Submittal to Congress.--Subsection (a) of section 221 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``at or about 
the time that'' and inserting ``not later than five days after the date 
on which''.
(b) Manner and Form of Submittal.--Such section is further amended 
by adding at the end the following new subsection:
``(d)(1) The Secretary of Defense shall make available to Congress, 
the Congressional Budget Office, the Comptroller General of the United 
States, and the Congressional Research Service each future-years defense 
program under this section as follows:
``(A) By making such program available electronically in the 
form of an unclassified electronic database.
``(B) By delivering printed copies of such program to the 
congressional defense committees.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1554]]
``(2) In the event inclusion of classified material in a future-
years defense program would otherwise render the totality of the program 
classified for purposes of this subsection--
``(A) such program shall be made available to Congress in 
unclassified form, with such material attached as a classified 
annex; and
``(B) such annex shall be submitted to the congressional 
defense committees, the Congressional Budget Office, the 
Comptroller General of the United States, and the Congressional 
Research Service.''.
(c) Accuracy of Information.--Such section is further amended by 
adding at the end the following new subsection:
``(e) Each future-years defense program under this subsection shall 
be accompanied by a certification by the Under Secretary of Defense 
(Comptroller), in the case of the Department of Defense, and the 
comptroller of each military department, in the case of such military 
department, that any information entered into the Standard Data 
Collection System of the Department of Defense, the Comptroller 
Information System, or any other data system, as applicable, for 
purposes of assembling such future-years defense program was 
accurate.''.
(d) <>  Effective Date.--The amendments made 
by this section shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this 
Act, and shall apply to future-years defense programs submitted at the 
time of budgets of the President for fiscal years beginning after fiscal 
year 2018.
(e) <>  DoD Guidance.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall, in coordination with the Under Secretary of Defense 
(Comptroller), update Department of Defense Financial Management 
Regulation 7000.14-R, and any other appropriate instructions and 
guidance, to ensure that the Department of Defense takes appropriate 
actions to comply with the amendments made by this section in the 
submittal of future-years defense programs in calendar years after 
calendar year 2017.
SEC. 1043. MODIFICATIONS TO HUMANITARIAN DEMINING ASSISTANCE 
AUTHORITIES.
(a) Modification to the Role of Armed Forces in Providing 
Humanitarian Demining Assistance.--Subsection (a)(3) of section 407 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
(1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
``or stockpiled conventional munitions assistance''; and
(2) in subparagraph (A)--
(A) by inserting ``, unexploded explosive 
ordnance,'' after ``landmines''; and
(B) by striking ``, or stockpiled conventional 
munitions, as applicable''.
(b) Modification to Definition of Humanitarian Demining 
Assistance.--Subsection (e)(1) of such section is amended--
(1) by inserting ``, unexploded explosive ordnance,'' after 
``landmines'' in each place it appears; and
(2) by striking ``, and the disposal'' and all that follows 
and inserting a period.
(c) Modification to Definition of Stockpiled Conventional Munitions 
Assistance.--Subsection (e)(2) of such section is amended, in the second 
sentence, by striking ``, the detection and clearance of landmines and 
other explosive remnants of war,''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1555]]
SEC. 1044. PROHIBITION ON CHARGE OF CERTAIN TARIFFS ON AIRCRAFT 
TRAVELING THROUGH CHANNEL ROUTES.
(a) In General.--Chapter 157 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2652. <>  Prohibition on charge of 
certain tariffs on aircraft traveling through 
channel routes
``The United States Transportation Command may not charge a tariff 
by reason of the use by a military service of an aircraft of that 
military service on a route designated by the United States 
Transportation Command as a channel route.''.
(b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter <>  is amended by adding at the 
end the following new item:
``2652. Prohibition on charge of certain tariffs on aircraft traveling 
through channel routes.''.
SEC. 1045. <> PROHIBITION ON LOBBYING 
ACTIVITIES WITH RESPECT TO THE 
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BY CERTAIN 
OFFICERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND 
CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES OF THE DEPARTMENT 
FOLLOWING SEPARATION FROM MILITARY 
SERVICE OR EMPLOYMENT WITH THE 
DEPARTMENT.
(a) Two-year Prohibition.--
(1) Prohibition.--An individual described in paragraph (2) 
may not engage in lobbying activities with respect to the 
Department of Defense during the two-year period beginning on 
the date of retirement or separation from service in the Armed 
Forces or the date of retirement or separation from service with 
the Department, as applicable.
(2) Covered individuals.--An individual described in this 
paragraph is the following:
(A) An officer of the Armed Forces in grade O-9 or 
higher at the time of retirement or separation from the 
Armed Forces.
(B) A civilian employee of the Department of Defense 
who had a civilian grade equivalent to a military grade 
specified in subparagraph (A) at the time of the 
employee's retirement or separation from service with 
the Department.
(b) One-year Prohibition.--
(1) Prohibition.--An individual described in paragraph (2) 
may not engage in lobbying activities with respect to the 
Department of Defense during the one-year period beginning on 
the date of retirement or separation from service in the Armed 
Forces or the date of retirement or separation from service with 
the Department, as applicable.
(2) Covered individuals.--An individual described in this 
paragraph is the following:
(A) An officer of the Armed Forces in grade O-7 or 
O-8 at the time of retirement or separation from the 
Armed Forces.
(B) A civilian employee of the Department of Defense 
who had a civilian grade equivalent to a military grade 
specified in subparagraph (A) at the time of the 
employee's retirement or separation from service with 
the Department.
(c) Definitions.--In this section:
[[Page 131 STAT. 1556]]
(1) The term ``lobbying activities with respect to the 
Department of Defense'' means the following:
(A) Lobbying contacts and other lobbying activities 
with covered executive branch officials with respect to 
the Department of Defense.
(B) Lobbying contacts with covered executive branch 
officials described in subparagraphs (C) through (F) of 
section 3(3) of the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 (2 
U.S.C. 1602(3)) in the Department of Defense.
(2) The terms ``lobbying activities'' and ``lobbying 
contacts'' have the meaning given such terms in section 3 of the 
Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1602).
(3) The term ``covered executive branch official'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 3(3) of the Lobbying 
Disclosure Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1602(3)).
SEC. 1046. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF LEGACY 
MARITIME MINE COUNTERMEASURES PLATFORMS.
(a) Prohibition.--Except as provided in subsection (b), the 
Secretary of the Navy may not obligate or expend funds to--
(1) retire, prepare to retire, transfer, or place in storage 
any AVENGER-class mine countermeasures ship or associated 
equipment;
(2) retire, prepare to retire, transfer, or place in storage 
any SEA DRAGON (MH-53) helicopter or associated equipment;
(3) make any reductions to manning levels with respect to 
any AVENGER-class mine countermeasures ship; or
(4) make any reductions to manning levels with respect to 
any SEA DRAGON helicopter squadron or detachment.
(b) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Navy may waive the prohibition 
under subsection (a)--
(1) with respect to an AVENGER-class ship or a SEA DRAGON 
helicopter, if the Secretary certifies to the congressional 
defense committees that the Secretary has--
(A) identified a replacement capability and the 
necessary quantity of such systems to meet all combatant 
commander mine countermeasures operational requirements 
that are currently being met by the ship or helicopter 
to be retired, transferred, or placed in storage;
(B) achieved initial operational capability of all 
systems described in subparagraph (A); and
(C) deployed a sufficient quantity of systems 
described in subparagraph (A) that have achieved initial 
operational capability to continue to meet or exceed all 
combatant commander mine countermeasures operational 
requirements currently being met by the ship or 
helicopter to be retired, transferred, or placed in 
storage; or
(2) with respect to a SEA DRAGON helicopter, if the 
Secretary certifies to such committees that the Secretary has 
determined, on a case-by-case basis, that such a helicopter is 
non-operational because of a mishap or other damage or because 
it is uneconomical to repair.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1557]]
SEC. 1047. REPORT ON WESTERN PACIFIC OCEAN SHIP DEPOT MAINTENANCE 
CAPABILITY AND CAPACITY.
(a) Limitation of Use of Funds.--Not more than 75 percent of the 
amount authorized to be appropriated by this Act for Secretary of the 
Navy for emergency and extraordinary expenses may be obligated or 
expended before the date on which the report required by subsection (b) 
is submitted to the congressional defense committees.
(b) Report Required.--
(1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report on the ship depot 
maintenance capability and capacity required for Navy ships 
operating in the western Pacific Ocean. The report shall include 
each of the following:
(A) An analysis of the requirements relating to Navy 
ship depot maintenance during peacetime and in response 
to the most likely, stressing, and dangerous contingency 
scenarios.
(B) A description of the extent to which the 
existing Navy ship depot capacity can meet the 
requirements described in subparagraph (A).
(C) A description of any specific shortfalls in such 
capability or capacity with respect to meeting such 
requirements.
(D) An analysis of options to address any shortfalls 
described in subparagraph (C).
(2) Form of report.--The report required under this 
subsection shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may 
contain a classified annex.
(c) Certification Required.--Not later than 90 days after the 
submittal of the report required by subsection (b), the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
certification--
(1) that the current ship depot maintenance capability and 
capacity, including drydocks, in the western Pacific Ocean are 
sufficient to meet peacetime and contingency requirements; or
(2) certification that such capability and capacity are not 
sufficient and a description of the options being pursued to 
address areas of insufficiency.
(d) Business Case Analysis Required.--
(1) In general.--Not later than September 30, 2018, the 
Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a business case analysis of the options described in 
paragraph (2) that includes the analysis described in paragraph 
(3).
(2) Options to be included.--The business case analysis 
required by paragraph (1) shall cover options that could 
increase the Navy depot-level ship repair capacity and 
capabilities in the western Pacific Ocean, including the 
following four courses of action:
(A) Enhancing current maintenance capability and 
capacity by repairing Lima Wharf, United States Naval 
Base, Guam.
(B) Adding drydock capability and capacity with 
associated facilities for conventionally-powered ships.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1558]]
(C) Adding drydock capability and capacity with 
associated facilities for nuclear-powered submarines.
(D) Maintaining the status quo with respect to the 
ship repair capabilities and capacity in the western 
Pacific Ocean.
(3) Analysis of options.--For each course of action listed 
in paragraph (2), the Secretary shall include an analysis of the 
following:
(A) Any additional maintenance actions that would be 
possible with respect to the course of action and 
estimated use during peacetime and during the most 
likely, stressing and dangerous contingency operations.
(B) Any additional infrastructure, including 
facilities and equipment, that would be necessary to 
carry out the course of action.
(C) The military, civilian, and contractor personnel 
requirements to reach full operational capability with 
respect to the course of action, including personnel to 
be assigned on both a temporary and permanent basis.
(D) A description of how the course of action would 
improve materiel readiness and operational availability 
of ships operating in the Pacific.
(E) The estimated cost and schedule to implement the 
course of action, including detailed estimates for major 
cost elements.
(F) In the case of a course of action described in 
subparagraph (B) or (C) of paragraph (2), an evaluation 
of acquisition strategies (including procurement, 
leasing, public-private partnerships, and enhanced use 
leases) and an identification of the desired ship 
tonnage each drydock would be able to accommodate.
SEC. 1048. <> ANNUAL TRAINING 
REGARDING THE INFLUENCE CAMPAIGN OF THE 
RUSSIAN FEDERATION.
In addition to any currently mandated training, the Secretary of 
Defense may furnish annual training to all members of the Armed Forces 
and all civilian employees of the Department of Defense, regarding 
attempts by the Russian Federation and its proxies and agents to 
influence and recruit members of the Armed Forces as part of its 
influence campaign.
SEC. 1049. WORKFORCE ISSUES FOR MILITARY REALIGNMENTS IN THE 
PACIFIC.
(a) In General.--Section 6(b) of the Joint Resolution entitled ``A 
Joint Resolution to approve the `Covenant To Establish a Commonwealth of 
the Northern Mariana Islands in Political Union With the United States 
of America', and for other purposes'', approved March 24, 1976 (48 
U.S.C. 1806(b)) is amended to read as follows:
``(b) Numerical Limitations for Nonimmigrant Workers.--
``(1) In general.--
``(A) Nonimmigrant workers generally.--An alien, if 
otherwise qualified, may seek admission to Guam or to 
the Commonwealth during the transition program as a 
nonimmigrant worker under section 101(a)(15)(H) of the 
Immigration and Nationality Act (8 USC 1101(a)(15)(H)) 
without counting against the numerical limitations set 
forth in section 214(g) of such Act (8 USC 1184(g)).
[[Page 131 STAT. 1559]]
``(B) H-2B workers.--In the case of such an alien 
who seeks admission under section 101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(b) 
of such Act, such alien, if otherwise qualified, may, 
before October 1, 2023, be admitted under such section 
for a period of up to 3 years to perform service or 
labor on Guam or the Commonwealth pursuant to any 
agreement entered into by a prime contractor or 
subcontractor calling for services or labor required for 
performance of a contact or subcontract for 
construction, repairs, renovations, or facility services 
that is directly connected to, or associated with, the 
military realignment occurring on Guam and the 
Commonwealth, notwithstanding the requirement of such 
section that the service or labor be temporary.
``(2) Limitations.--
``(A) Numerical limitation.--For any fiscal year, 
not more 4,000 aliens may be admitted to Guam and the 
Commonwealth pursuant to paragraph (1)(B).
``(B) Location.--Paragraph (1)(B) does not apply 
with respect to the performance of services or labor at 
a location other than Guam or the Commonwealth.''.
(b) Certification Required.--Upon conclusion of all required 
agreements between the Secretary of Defense and the heads of relevant 
Federal agencies, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands 
(including the Commonwealth Port Authority), and local agencies to 
support the required construction and operation of the divert activities 
and exercises program of the Air Force in the Commonwealth of the 
Northern Mariana Islands and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
Islands joint military training program of the Marine Corps, the 
Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
certification of such conclusion and a report describing such 
agreements.
(c) <>  Effective Dates.--The amendment 
made by subsection (a) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of 
this Act and shall apply as follows:
(1) In the case of services or labor to be performed on 
Guam, such amendment shall apply beginning on the date that is 
120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
(2) In the case of services or labor to be performed on the 
Common Wealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, such amendment 
shall apply beginning on the later of--
(A) the date that is 120 days after the date of the 
submittal of the certification and report required under 
subsection (b); or
(B) the date on which the transition program ends 
under section 6(a)(2) of the Joint Resolution entitled 
``A Joint Resolution to approve the `Covenant To 
Establish a Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands 
in Political Union With the United States of America', 
and for other purposes'', approved March 24, 1976 (48 
U.S.C. 1806(a)(2)).
[[Page 131 STAT. 1560]]
Subtitle F--Studies and Reports
SEC. 1051. ELIMINATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS TERMINATED AFTER 
NOVEMBER 25, 2017, PURSUANT TO SECTION 
1080 OF THE NATIONAL DEFENSE 
AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2016.
(a) Title 10, United States Code.--Title 10, United States Code, is 
amended as follows:
(1) Section 113 reports.--
(A) Reserve forces policy board report.--Section 
113(c) is amended--
(i) by striking paragraph (2);
(ii) by striking ``(1)'' after ``(c)''; and
(iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), 
and (C) as paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), 
respectively.
(B) Total force management report.--Section 113 is 
amended by striking subsection (l).
(2) Diversity in military leadership report.--Section 
115a(g) is amended by striking ``during fiscal years 2013 
through 2017''.
(3) Defense industrial security report.--Section 428 is 
amended by striking subsection (f).
(4) Military musical units gift report.--Section 974(d) is 
amended by striking paragraph (3).
(5) Health protection quality report.--Section 1073b is 
amended--
(A) by striking subsection (a); and
(B) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as 
subsections (a) and (b), respectively.
(6) Master plans for reductions in civilian positions.--
(A) In general.--Section 1597 is amended--
(i) by striking subsection (c);
(ii) by striking subsections (d), (e), and (f) 
as subsections (c), (d), and (e), respectively; 
and
(iii) in subsection (c), as redesignated, by 
striking ``or a master plan prepared under 
subsection (c)''.
(B) Conforming amendments.--Section 129a(d) is 
amended--
(i) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2); and
(ii) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) 
as paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively.
(7) Acquisition workforce development fund report.--Section 
1705 is amended--
(A) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``subsection 
(h)(2)'' and inserting ``subsection (g)(2)'';
(B) by striking subsection (f); and
(C) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as 
subsections (f) and (g), respectively.
(8) Acquisition corps report.--Section 1722b is amended by 
striking subsection (c).
(9) Military family readiness report.--Section 1781b is 
amended by striking subsection (d).
(10) Professional military education report.--
(A) Elimination.--Section 2157 is repealed.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1561]]
(B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
the beginning of chapter 107 <>  is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 2157.
(11) Department of defense conferences fee-collection 
report.--Section 2262 is amended by striking subsection (d).
(12) United states contributions to nato common-funded 
budgets report.--Section 2263 is amended--
(A) by striking subsection (b); and
(B) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
(b).
(13) Foreign counter-space programs report.--
(A) Elimination.--Section 2277 is repealed.
(B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
the beginning of chapter 135 <>  is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 2277.
(14) Use of multiyear contracts report.--Section 2306b(l)(4) 
is amended by striking ``Not later than'' and all that follows 
through the colon and inserting the following: ``Each report 
required by paragraph (5) with respect to a contract (or 
contract extension) shall contain the following:''.
(15) Burden sharing contributions report.--Section 2350j is 
amended by striking subsection (f).
(16) Contract prohibition waiver report.--Section 2410i(c) 
is amended by striking the second sentence.
(17) Strategic sourcing plan of action report.--Subsection 
(a) of section 2475 is amended to read as follows:
``(a) Strategic Sourcing Plan of Action Defined.--In this section, 
the term `Strategic Sourcing Plan of Action' means a Strategic Sourcing 
Plan of Action for the Department of Defense (as identified in the 
Department of Defense Interim Guidance dated February 29, 2000, or any 
successor Department of Defense guidance or directive) in effect for a 
fiscal year.''.
(18) Technology and industrial base policy guidance 
report.--Section 2506 is amended--
(A) by striking subsection (b); and
(B) in subsection (a), by striking ``Such guidance'' 
and inserting the following:
``(b) Purpose of Guidance.--The guidance prescribed pursuant to 
subsection (a)''.
(19) Foreign-controlled contractors report.--Section 2537 is 
amended--
(A) by striking subsection (b); and
(B) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
(b).
(20) Support for sporting events report.--Section 2564 is 
amended--
(A) in subsection (b)(3), by striking ``section 
377'' and inserting ``section 277'';
(B) by striking subsection (e);
(C) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as 
subsections (e) and (f), respectively; and
(D) in subsection (e), as so redesignated, by 
``striking sections 375 and 376'' and inserting 
``sections 275 and 276''.
(21) General and flag officer quarters report.--Section 2831 
is amended--
(A) by striking subsection (e);
[[Page 131 STAT. 1562]]
(B) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection 
(e); and
(C) in subsection (e), as so redesignated--
(i) by striking ``(1) Except as provided in 
paragraphs (2) and (3), the Secretary'' and 
inserting ``The Secretary'';
(ii) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3); and
(iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and 
(B) as paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively.
(22) Military installations vulnerability assessment 
reports.--Section 2859 is amended--
(A) by striking subsection (c); and
(B) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
(c).
(23) Industrial facility investment program construction 
report.--Section 2861 is amended by striking subsection (d).
(24) Statement of amounts available for water conservation 
at military installations.--Section 2866(b) is amended by 
striking paragraph (3).
(25) Acquisition or construction of military unaccompanied 
housing pilot projects report.--Section 2881a is amended by 
striking subsection (e).
(26) Statement of amounts available from energy cost 
savings.--Section 2912 is amended by striking subsection (d).
(27) Army training report.--
(A) Elimination.--Section 4316 is repealed.
(B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
the beginning of chapter 401 <>  is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 4316.
(28) State of the army reserve report.--Section 3038(f) is 
amended--
(A) by striking ``(1)'' before ``The''; and
(B) by striking paragraph (2).
(29) State of the marine corps reserve report.--Section 
5144(d) is amended--
(A) by striking ``(1)'' before ``The''; and
(B) by striking paragraph (2).
(30) State of the air force reserve report.--Section 8038(f) 
is amended--
(A) by striking ``(1)'' before ``The''; and
(B) by striking paragraph (2).
(b) Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1985.--Section 1003 of 
the Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1985 (Public Law 98-525; 22 
U.S.C. 1928 note), relating to an annual report on allied contributions 
to the common defense, is amended by striking subsections (c) and (d).
(c) National Defense Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1989.--Section 
1009 of the National Defense Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1989 (Public 
Law 100-456; 22 U.S.C. 1928 note), relating to an annual report on the 
official development assistance program of Japan, is amended by striking 
subsection (b).
(d) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991.--
Section 1518 of the Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 
(Public Law 101-510; 24 U.S.C. 418), relating to reports on the results 
of inspection of Armed Forces Retirement Homes, is amended--
(1) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``Congress and''; and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1563]]
(2) in subsection (e)--
(A) by striking paragraph (2);
(B) by striking ``(1)'' before ``Not later''; and
(C) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively.
(e) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1992 and 
1993.--Section 1046 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-190; 22 U.S.C. 1928 note), relating 
to an annual report on defense cost-sharing, is amended by striking 
subsections (e) and (f).
(f) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994.--
Section 1603 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
1994 (Public Law 103-160; 22 U.S.C. 2751 note), relating to an annual 
report on counterproliferation policy and programs of the United States, 
is amended by striking subsection (d).
(g) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995.--
Section 533 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
1995 (Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 113 note), relating to an annual 
report on personnel readiness factors by race and gender, is repealed.
(h) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000.--
Section 366 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2000 (Public Law 106-65; 10 U.S.C. 113 note), relating to an annual 
report on spare parts, logistics, and sustainment standards, is amended 
by striking subsection (f).
(i) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002.--The 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002 (Public Law 107-
107) is amended as follows:
(1) Army workload and performance system report.--Section 
346 (115 Stat. 1062) is amended--
(A) by striking subsections (b) and (c); and
(B) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
(b).
(2) Reliability of financial statements report.--Section 
1008(d) (10 U.S.C. 113 note) is amended--
(A) by striking ``(1)'' before ``On each''; and
(B) by striking paragraph (2).
(j) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003.--
Section 817 of the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 10 U.S.C. 2306a note), relating to 
an annual report on commercial item and exceptional case exceptions and 
waivers, is amended--
(1) by striking subsection (d); and
(2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
(k) National Defense Authorization Act for 2006.--The National 
Defense Authorization Act for 2006 (Public Law 109-163) is amended as 
follows:
(1) Notification of adjustment in limitation amount for 
next-generation destroyer program.--Section 123 (119 Stat. 3156) 
is amended--
(A) by striking subsection (d); and
(B) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection 
(d).
(2) Certification of budgets for joint tactical radio system 
report.--Section 218(c) (119 Stat. 3171) is amended by striking 
paragraph (3).
[[Page 131 STAT. 1564]]
(3) Department of defense costs to carry out united nations 
resolutions report.--Section 1224 (10 U.S.C. 113 note) is 
repealed.
(l) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007.--
Section 357(b) of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 22 U.S.C. 4865 note), relating to 
an annual report on Department of Defense overseas personnel subject to 
chief of mission authority, is amended by striking ``shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees'' and inserting ``shall prepare''.
(m) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008.--The 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-
181) is amended as follows:
(1) Army industrial facilities cooperative activities 
report.--Section 328 (10 U.S.C. 4544 note) is amended by 
striking subsection (b).
(2) Army product improvement report.--Section 330 (122 Stat. 
68) is amended by striking subsection (e).
(n) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009.--The 
Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 
(Public Law 110-417) is amended as follows:
(1) Support for non-conventional assisted recovery 
activities report.--Section 943 (122 Stat. 4578) is amended--
(A) by striking subsection (e); and
(B) by redesignating subsections (f), (g), and (h) 
as subsections (e), (f), and (g), respectively.
(2) Reimbursement of navy mess expenses report.--Section 
1014 (122 Stat. 4585) is amended by striking subsection (c).
(3) Electromagnetic pulse attack report.--Section 1048 (122 
Stat. 4603) is repealed.
(o) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010.--
Section 121 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2211) is amended--
(1) by striking subsection (e); and
(2) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e).
(p) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011.--The 
Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 
(Public Law 111-383) is amended as follows:
(1) Navy airborne signals intelligence, surveillance, and 
reconnaissance capabilities report.--Section 112(b) (124 Stat. 
4153) is amended--
(A) by striking paragraph (3); and
(B) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (3).
(2) Inclusion of technology protection features during 
research and development of defense systems report.--Section 243 
(10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
(A) by striking subsection (c); and
(B) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as 
subsections (c) and (d), respectively.
(3) Acquisition of military purpose nondevelopmental items 
report.--Section 866(d) (10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
(A) by striking ``(d) Reports.--'' and all that 
follows through ``(2) Program assessment.--If the 
Secretary'' and inserting the following:
``(d) Program Assessment.--If the Secretary''; and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1565]]
(B) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) 
as paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), respectively, and 
indenting the left margin of such paragraphs, as so 
redesignated, two ems from the left margin.
(4) Nuclear triad report.--Section 1054 (10 U.S.C. 113 note) 
is repealed.
(q) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012.--The 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-
81) is amended as follows:
(1) Performance management system and appointment procedures 
report.--Section 1102 (5 U.S.C. 9902 note) is amended by 
striking subsection (b).
(2) Global security contingency fund report.--Section 1207 
(22 U.S.C. 2151 note) is amended--
(A) by striking subsection (n); and
(B) by redesignating subsections (o) and (p) as 
subsections (n) and (o).
(3) Data servers and centers cost savings report.--Section 
2867 (10 U.S.C. 2223a note) is amended by striking subsection 
(d).
(r) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013.--The 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-
239) is amended as follows:
(1) F-22A raptor modernization program report.--Section 144 
(126 Stat. 1663) is amended by striking subsection (c).
(2) TRICARE mail-order pharmacy program report.--Section 716 
(10 U.S.C. 1074g note) is amended--
(A) by striking subsection (e); and
(B) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as 
subsections (e) and (f).
(3) Warriors in transition programs report.--Section 738 (10 
U.S.C. 1071 note) is amended--
(A) by striking subsection (e); and
(B) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection 
(e).
(4) Use of indemnification agreements report.--Section 865 
(126 Stat. 1861) is repealed.
(5) Counter space technology report.--Section 917 (126 Stat. 
1878) is repealed.
(6) Imagery intelligence and geospatial information support 
report.--Section 921 (126 Stat. 1878) is amended by striking 
subsection (c).
(7) Computer network operations coordination report.--
Section 1079 (10 U.S.C. 221 note) is amended by striking 
subsection (c).
(8) Updates of activities of office of security cooperation 
in iraq report.--Section 1211(d) (126 Stat. 1983) is amended--
(A) by striking paragraph (3); and
(B) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (3).
(9) United states participation in the atares program 
report.--Section 1276 (10 U.S.C. 2350c note) is amended--
(A) by striking subsections (e) and (f); and
(B) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection 
(e).
(s) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014.--The 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-
66) is amended as follows:
[[Page 131 STAT. 1566]]
(1) Modernizing personnel security strategy metrics 
report.--Section 907(c)(3) (10 U.S.C. 1564 note) is amended--
(A) by striking ``(A) Metrics required.--In'' and 
inserting ``In''; and
(B) by striking subparagraph (B).
(2) Defense clandestine service report.--Section 923 (10 
U.S.C. prec. 421 note) is amended--
(A) by striking subsection (b); and
(B) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), and (e) 
as subsection (b), (c), and (d), respectively.
(3) International agreements relating to dod report.--
Section 1249 (127 Stat. 925) is repealed.
(4) Small business growth report.--Section 1611 (127 Stat. 
946) is amended by striking subsection (d).
(t) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015.--The 
Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291) is amended as follows:
(1) Assignment of private sector personnel to defense 
advanced research projects agency report.--Section 232 (10 
U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
(A) by striking subsection (e); and
(B) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as 
subsections (e) and (f), respectively.
(2) Government lodging program report.--Section 914 (5 
U.S.C. 5911 note) is amended by striking subsection (d).
(3) DOD response to compromises of classified information 
report.--Section 1052 (128 Stat. 3497) is repealed.
(4) Personnel protection and personnel survivability 
equipment loan report.--Section 1207 (10 U.S.C. 2342 note) is 
amended--
(A) by striking subsection (d); and
(B) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as 
subsections (d) and (e), respectively.
(5) DOD assistance to counter isis report.--Section 1236 
(128 Stat. 3558) is amended by striking subsection (d).
(6) Cooperative threat reduction program use of 
contributions report.--Section 1325 (50 U.S.C. 3715) is 
amended--
(A) by striking subsection (e); and
(B) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as 
subsections (e) and (f), respectively.
(7) Cooperative threat reduction program facilities 
certification report.--Section 1341 (50 U.S.C. 3741) is 
repealed.
(8) Cooperative threat reduction program project category 
report.--Section 1342 (50 U.S.C. 3742) is repealed.
(9) Statement on allocation of funds for space security and 
defense program.--Section 1607 (128 Stat. 3625) is amended--
(A) by striking ``(a) Allocation of Funds.--'';
(B) by striking subsections (b), (c), and (d); and
(C) by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
``This requirement shall terminate on December 19, 
2019.''.
(u) <>  Preservation of Certain Additional 
Reports.--Effective as of December 23, 2016, and as if included therein 
as enacted,
[[Page 131 STAT. 1567]]
section 1061(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) <>  is amended as 
follows:
(1) National guard bureau report.--By inserting after 
paragraph (63) the following new paragraph:
``(64) Section 10504(b).''.
(2) Report on procurement of contract services.--By 
inserting after paragraph (64), as added by paragraph (1), the 
following new paragraph:
``(65) Section 235.''.
(3) Annual defense manpower requirements report.--By 
inserting after paragraph (65), as added by paragraph (2), the 
following new paragraph:
``(66) Section 115a.''.
(4) STARBASE program report.--By inserting after paragraph 
(66), as added by paragraph (3), the following new paragraph:
``(67) Section 2193b(g).''.
(v) <>  Preservation of Vetted Syrian 
Opposition Report.--Effective as of December 23, 2016, and as if 
included therein as enacted, section 1061(d) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended 
by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
``(18) Section 1209(d) (128 Stat. 3542).''.
(w) <>  Preservation of Reports Required by 
Other Laws.--Effective as of December 23, 2016, and as if included 
therein as enacted, section 1061(i) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended 
as follows:
(1) National guard youth challenge report.--By adding at the 
end the following new paragraph:
``(34) Section 509(k) of title 32, United States Code.''.
(2)  Annual report on support to law enforcement agencies 
conducting counter-terrorism activities.--By inserting after 
paragraph (34), as added by paragraph (1), the following new 
paragraph:
``(35) Section 1022(c) of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 371 note).''.
(x) <>  Termination of Certain Additional 
Reports.--Effective on December 31, 2021, the reports required under the 
following provisions of title 10, United States Code, shall no longer be 
required to be submitted to Congress:
(1) Section 113(c)(1).
(2) Section 113(e).
(3) Section 116.
(4) Section 2432.
(y) Report to Congress.--Not later than February 1, 2018, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and House of Representatives a report that includes the 
following:
(1) A list of all reports required to be submitted to 
Congress by the Department of Defense, or any officer, official, 
component, or element of the Department, from any source of law 
other than an annual national defense authorization Act as of 
April 1, 2015.
(2) For each report included on the list under paragraph 
(1), a citation to the provision of law under which the report 
is required to be submitted.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1568]]
(z) <>  Effective Date.--Except as provided 
in subsections (u), (v), and (w) the amendments made by this section 
shall take effect on the later of--
(1) the date of the enactment of this Act; or
(2) November 25, 2017.
SEC. 1052. REPORT ON TRANSFER OF DEFENSE ARTICLES TO UNITS 
COMMITTING GROSS VIOLATIONS OF HUMAN 
RIGHTS.
(a) Report Required.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with 
the Secretary of State, shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
Congress a report on the transfer of defense articles to units 
committing gross violations of human rights.
(b) Matters to Be Included.--The report required by subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
(1) A description of the current laws, guidance, and 
policies, if any, for Department of Defense personnel to monitor 
and report the transfer of defense articles, provided to the 
government of a foreign state pursuant to a Department of 
Defense assistance authority, that have subsequently been 
provided by that government to a unit of that foreign state that 
is prohibited from receiving assistance from the United States 
by reason of a determination by the Secretary of State that 
there is credible evidence that such unit has committed a gross 
violation of human rights.
(2) A description of any confirmed instances since January 
1, 2016, in which the government of a foreign state that has 
received defense articles pursuant to a Department of Defense 
assistance authority has subsequently transferred the equipment 
to a unit of that foreign state that is prohibited from 
receiving assistance from the United States by reason of a 
determination by the Secretary of State that there is credible 
evidence that such unit has committed a gross violation of human 
rights.
(c) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
(1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
(2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.
SEC. 1053. REPORT ON THE NATIONAL BIODEFENSE ANALYSIS AND 
COUNTERMEASURES CENTER.
(a) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the Secretary of Homeland 
Security and the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report, prepared in consultation with the 
officials listed in subsection (b), on the National Biodefense Analysis 
and Countermeasures Center (referred to in this section as the 
``NBACC''). Such report shall contain the following information:
(1) The functions of the NBACC.
(2) The end users of the NBACC, including those whose assets 
may be managed by other agencies.
(3) The cost and mission impact for each user identified 
under paragraph (2) of any potential closure of the NBACC, 
including an analysis of the functions of the NBACC that cannot 
be replicated by other departments and agencies of the Federal 
Government.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1569]]
(4) In the case of closure of the NBACC, a transition plan 
for any essential functions currently performed by the NBACC to 
ensure mission continuity, including the storage of samples 
needed for ongoing criminal cases.
(b) Consultation.--The officials listed in this subsection are the 
following:
(1) The Secretary of Homeland Security.
(2) The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
(3) The Attorney General.
(4) The Director of National Intelligence.
(5) As determined by the Secretary of Homeland Security, the 
leaders of other offices that use the NBACC.
(c) Form.--The report submitted under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.
(d) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated in 
this Act may be used to support the closure or transfer of the NBACC 
until--
(1) the report required by subsection (a) has been 
submitted; and
(2) the heads of the Federal agencies that use the NBACC 
jointly provide to the appropriate congressional committees 
certification that the closure or transfer of the NBACC would 
not have a negative effect on biological defense capabilities.
(e) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--For purposes of 
this section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means 
the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives, the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives, the Committee on Homeland Security of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee on Homeland Security and 
Governmental Affairs of the Senate, the Committees on Judiciary of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives, the Committee on Oversight and 
Government Reform of the House of Representatives, the Permanent Select 
Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives, and the 
Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate.
SEC. 1054. REPORT ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ARCTIC CAPABILITY AND 
RESOURCE GAPS AND REQUIRED 
INFRASTRUCTURE.
(a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report setting forth--
(1) necessary steps the Department of Defense is undertaking 
to resolve Arctic security capability and resource gaps; and
(2) the requirements and investment plans for military 
infrastructure required to protect United States national 
security interests in the Arctic region.
(b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include an 
analysis of each of the following:
(1) The infrastructure needed to ensure national security in 
the Arctic region.
(2) Any shortfalls in observation, remote sensing 
capabilities, ice prediction, and weather forecasting, including 
an analysis of--
(A) the readiness challenges posed by a changing 
Arctic region; and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1570]]
(B) changes to the Arctic region that affect 
existing military infrastructure.
(3) Any shortfalls of the Department in navigational aids.
(4) Any additional, necessary high-latitude electronic and 
communications infrastructure requirements.
(5) Any gaps in intelligence, surveillance, and 
reconnaissance coverage and recommendations for additional 
intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance capabilities.
(6) Any shortfalls in personnel recovery capabilities.
(7) United States national security interests in the Arctic 
region, including strategic national assets, United States 
citizens, territory, freedom of navigation, and economic and 
trade interests in the region.
(8) United States military capabilities needed for 
operations in Arctic terrain, including types of forces, major 
weapon systems, and logistics required for operations in such 
terrain.
(9) The installations, infrastructure, and deep water ports 
for deployment of assets required to support operations in the 
Arctic region, including the stationing, deployment, and 
training of military forces for operations in the region.
(10) Any additional capabilities the Secretary determines 
should be incorporated into future Navy surface combatants.
(c) Form of Report.--The report under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
SEC. 1055. REVIEW AND ASSESSMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
PERSONNEL RECOVERY AND NONCONVENTIONAL 
ASSISTED RECOVERY MECHANISMS.
(a) In General.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a review 
and assessment of personnel recovery and nonconventional assisted 
recovery programs, authorities, and policies.
(b) Elements.--The assessment required under subsection (a) shall 
include each of the following elements:
(1) An overall strategy defining personnel recovery and 
nonconventional assisted recovery programs and activities, 
including how such programs and activities support the 
requirements of the geographic combatant commanders.
(2) A comprehensive review and assessment of statutory 
authorities, policies, and interagency coordination mechanisms, 
including limitations and shortfalls, for personnel recovery and 
nonconventional assisted recovery programs and activities.
(3) A comprehensive description of current validated 
requirements and anticipated future personnel recovery and 
nonconventional assisted recovery requirements across the future 
years defense program, as validated by the Joint Staff.
(4) An overview of validated current and expected future 
force structure requirements necessary to meet near-, 
mid-, and long-term personnel recovery and nonconventional 
assisted recovery programs and activities of the geographic 
combatant commanders.
(5) Any other matters the Secretary considers appropriate.
(c) Form of Assessment.--The assessment required under subsection 
(a) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
classified annex.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1571]]
(d) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date on which the assessment required under subsection (a) is submitted, 
the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a review of such assessment.
SEC. 1056. MINE WARFARE READINESS INSPECTION PLAN AND REPORT.
(a) Inspection Plan.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this subsection, the Chief of Naval Operations, in 
consultation with the Combatant Commanders, shall submit a plan for 
inspections of each unit and organization tasked with delivering 
operational capability, missions and mission essential tasks, functions, 
supporting roles, organization, manning, training, and materiel for 
naval mine warfare. At a minimum, inspected units and organizations 
shall include those required in the Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan 
and those assigned in the Forces For Unified Commands document or have 
the potential to support, by deployment or otherwise, a directed 
Operation Plan, Concept Plan, contingency operation, homeland security 
operation, or Defense Support of Civil Authorities requirements for 
naval offensive or defensive mine warfare.
(b) Criteria.--This inspection plan shall propose methods to 
analytically assess, evaluate, improve and assure mission readiness of 
each unit or organization with required operational capabilities for 
naval mine warfare. Inspection shall include--
(1) an assessment or verification of material condition;
(2) unit wide training and personnel readiness as measured 
by established tasks, conditions and standards that demonstrate 
the unit readiness to perform their wartime or homeland defense 
mission;
(3) force through unit level training;
(4) readiness to support multi-echelon, joint service mine 
warfare operations as part of an offensive, defensive mining or 
mine countermeasures task;
(5) readiness to support combatant commander campaign plans, 
operational plan, concept plan, or the Joint Strategic 
Capabilities Plan;
(6) required operational capability;
(7) inspection and reinspection process; and
(8) inspection periodicy.
(c) Applicability.--The inspection requirements under this 
subsection apply to the following units and organizations:
(1) Surface MCM vessels or vessels performing MCM tasks.
(2) Airborne MCM squadrons.
(3) Mobile mine assembly groups and mobile mine assembly 
units.
(4) Fleet patrol squadrons with mine laying capabilities.
(5) LCS and LCS MCM mission modules upon reaching IOC.
(6) Mine countermeasures squadrons.
(7) Units exercising command and control over MIW forces.
(8) MCM operational support ships.
(9) Attack and guided missile submarines with mine laying 
capabilities.
(10) Magnetic and acoustic silencing facilities.
(11) EOD MCM or VSW Companies and Platoons.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1572]]
(12) SEAL (ESG / CSG) USMC units with VSW capability.
(d) Certification.--The Chief of Naval Operations shall submit to 
the Secretary of Defense, the Combatant Commanders, the Chairman of the 
Joint Chiefs of Staff and to Congress a report on the program under this 
subsection. The report shall contain a classified section which 
addresses capability and capacity to meet JSCP, OPLAN, CONPLAN and 
contingency requirements and unclassified section with general summary 
and readiness trends.
(e) Conforming Repeal.--Section 1090 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92) is repealed.
SEC. 1057. ANNUAL REPORT ON CIVILIAN CASUALTIES IN CONNECTION WITH 
UNITED STATES MILITARY OPERATIONS.
(a) Annual Report Required.--Not later than May 1 each year, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on civilian casualties caused as a result of United 
States military operations during the preceding year.
(b) Elements.--Each report under subsection (a) shall set forth the 
following:
(1) A list of all the United States military operations 
during the year covered by such report that were confirmed, or 
reasonably suspected, to have resulted in civilian casualties.
(2) For each military operation listed pursuant to paragraph 
(1), each of the following:
(A) The date.
(B) The location.
(C) An identification of whether the operation 
occurred inside or outside of a declared theater of 
active armed conflict.
(D) The type of operation.
(E) An assessment of the number of civilian and 
enemy combatant casualties.
(3) A description of the process by which the Department of 
Defense investigates allegations of civilian casualties 
resulting from United States military operations.
(4) A description of steps taken by the Department to 
mitigate harm to civilians in conducting such operations.
(5) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines 
are relevant.
(c) Use of Sources.--In preparing a report under this section, the 
Secretary of Defense shall take into account relevant and credible all-
source reporting, including information from public reports and 
nongovernmental sources.
(d) Form.--Each report under subsection (a) shall be submitted in 
unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
(e) Sunset.--The requirement to submit a report under subsection (a) 
shall expire on the date that is five years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
SEC. 1058. REPORT ON JOINT PACIFIC ALASKA RANGE COMPLEX 
MODERNIZATION.
(a) Report Required.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report regarding proposed 
improvements to the Joint Pacific Alaska Range Complex.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1573]]
(b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
(1) An analysis of existing Joint Pacific Alaska Range 
Complex infrastructure.
(2) A summary of improvements to the range infrastructure 
the Secretary determines are necessary--
(A) for fifth generation fighters to train at 
maximum potential; and
(B) to provide a realistic air warfare environment 
versus a near-peer adversary for--
(i) four squadrons of fifth generation 
fighters;
(ii) annual Red Flag-Alaska exercises; and
(iii) biannual Operation Northern Edge 
exercises.
SEC. 1059. REPORT ON ALTERNATIVES TO AQUEOUS FILM FORMING FOAM.
(a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the Department's status with respect to 
developing a new military specification for safe and effective 
alternatives to aqueous film forming foam (hereinafter referred to as 
``AFFF'') that do not contain perfluorooctanoic acid (hereinafter 
referred to as ``PFOA'') or erfluorooctanesulfonic acid (hereinafter 
referred to as ``PFOS'').
(b) Elements.--The report required by subparagraph (1) shall include 
the following:
(1) A detailed explanation of the Department's status with 
respect to developing a new military specification for safe and 
effective alternatives to AFFF that do not contain PFOA or PFOS.
(2) An update on the Secretary's plans for replacing AFFF 
containing PFOA or PFOS at military installations across the 
country and methods of disposal for AFFF containing PFOA or 
PFOS.
(3) An overview of current and planned research and 
development for AFFF alternatives that do not contain PFOA or 
PFOS.
(4) An assessment of how the establishment of a maximum 
contaminant level for PFOA or PFOS under the Safe Drinking Water 
Act (42 U.S.C. 300f et seq.), rather than the current health 
advisory level, would impact the Department's mitigation 
actions, prioritization of such actions, and research and 
development related to PFOA and PFOS.
SEC. 1060. ASSESSMENT OF GLOBAL FORCE POSTURE.
(a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in 
consultation with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the chiefs 
of the military services, and the commanders of the combatant commands, 
provide for and oversee an assessment of the global force posture of the 
Armed Forces.
(b) Report.--Not later than the earlier of 180 days after the 
production of the 2018 National Defense Strategy (which is intended to 
be closely coordinated with and complementary to a new National Security 
Strategy) or December 31, 2018, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the assessment required by subsection (a). 
The report shall include the following:
[[Page 131 STAT. 1574]]
(1) Recommendations for force size, structure, and basing 
globally that reflect and complement the force sizing and 
planning construct included in the 2018 National Defense 
Strategy in order to guide the growth of the force structure of 
the Armed Forces, which recommendations shall be based on an 
evaluation of the relative costs of rotational and forward-based 
forces as well as impacts to deployment timelines of threats to 
lines of communication and anti-access area denial capabilities 
of potential adversaries.
(2) An assessment by each commander of a combatant command 
of the capability and force structure gaps within the context of 
an evaluation of the projected threats in the theater of 
operations of the combatant command concerned and the operation 
plans of each combatant command.
(3) An evaluation of the headquarters manning requirements 
to oversee and direct execution of current operational plans.
SEC. 1061. ARMY MODERNIZATION STRATEGY.
(a) Strategy Required.--The Secretary of the Army shall develop a 
modernization strategy for the total Army.
(b) Elements.--The strategy required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
(1) A comprehensive description of the future total Army, 
including key objectives, war fighting challenges, and risks, 
sufficient to establish requirements, set priorities, identify 
opportunity costs, and establish acquisition time lines for the 
total Army over a period beyond the period of the current 
future-years defense program under section 221 of title 10, 
United States Code.
(2) Mechanisms for identifying programs of the Army that may 
be unnecessary, or do not perform according to expectations, in 
achieving the future total Army.
(3) A comprehensive description of the manner in which the 
future total Army intends to fight and win as part of a joint 
force engaged in combat across all operational domains.
(4) A comprehensive description of the mechanisms required 
by the future total Army to maintain command, control, and 
communications and sustainment.
(5) A description of--
(A) the combat vehicle modernization priorities of 
the Army over the next 5 and 10 years;
(B) the extent to which such priorities can be 
supported at current funding levels within a relevant 
time period;
(C) the extent to which additional funds are 
required to support such priorities;
(D) how the Army is balancing and resourcing such 
priorities with efforts to rebuild and sustain readiness 
and increase force structure capacity over this same 
time period; and
(E) how the Army is balancing its near-term 
modernization efforts with an accelerated long-term 
strategy for acquiring next generation combat vehicle 
capabilities.
(c) Particular Considerations.--In developing the strategy required 
by subsection (a), the Secretary shall take into particular account the 
following:
[[Page 131 STAT. 1575]]
(1) Current trends and developments in weapons and equipment 
technologies.
(2) New tactics and force design of peer adversaries, 
including the rapid pace of development of such tactics and 
force design by such adversaries.
(d) Report.--
(1) In general.--Not later than April 30, 2018, the 
Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
the strategy required by subsection (a).
(2) Form.--If the report is submitted in classified form, 
the report shall be accompanied by an unclassified summary.
(e) Comptroller General Assessment.--
(1) Assessment.--The Comptroller General of the United 
States shall conduct an assessment of the modernization strategy 
required by subsection (a).
(2) Focus.--In carrying out the assessment under paragraph 
(1), the Comptroller General shall focus on evaluating--
(A) the development of the modernization priorities 
of the Army for the five-year period beginning on the 
date of the enactment of this Act;
(B) how the Army is balancing and resourcing such 
priorities with efforts to rebuild and sustain readiness 
and increase force structure capacity over such period; 
and
(C) the extent to which the Army has balanced its 
near-term modernization efforts with its long-term 
strategy for acquiring new capabilities.
(3) Congressional reporting.--
(A) Briefing.--Not later than May 1, 2018, the 
Comptroller General shall provide to the congressional 
defense committees a briefing on the preliminary 
assessment of the Comptroller General under paragraph 
(1).
(B) Report.--The Comptroller General shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report on the 
final assessment of the Comptroller General under such 
paragraph.
(f) Total Army Defined.--In this section, the term ``total Army'' 
means the active components and the reserve components of the Army.
SEC. 1062. REPORT ON ARMY PLAN TO IMPROVE OPERATIONAL UNIT 
READINESS BY REDUCING NUMBER OF NON-
DEPLOYABLE SOLDIERS ASSIGNED TO 
OPERATIONAL UNITS.
Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the plans of the Army to improve operational unit 
readiness in the Army by reducing the number of non-deployable soldiers 
assigned to operational units of the Army and replacing such soldiers 
with soldiers capable of world-wide deployment.
SEC. 1063. EFFORTS TO COMBAT PHYSIOLOGICAL EPISODES ON CERTAIN 
NAVY AIRCRAFT.
(a) In General.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and every 90 days thereafter until January 1, 
2020, the Secretary of the Navy shall provide to the congressional 
defense committees information on efforts by the Navy's Physiological 
Episode Team to combat the prevalence of
[[Page 131 STAT. 1576]]
physiological episodes in F/A-18 Hornet and Super Hornet, EA-18G 
Growler, and T-45 Goshawk aircraft.
(b) Elements.--The information required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
(1) A description of Naval Aviation Enterprise activities 
addressing physiological episodes during the reporting period.
(2) An estimate of funding expended in support of the 
activities described under paragraph (1).
(3) A description of any planned or executed changes to 
Physiological Episode Team structure or processes.
(4) A description of activities planned for the upcoming two 
quarters.
(c) Form.--The information required under subsection (a) may be 
provided in a written report or a briefing.
SEC. 1064. STUDIES ON AIRCRAFT INVENTORIES FOR THE AIR FORCE.
(a) Independent Studies.--
(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide for 
the performance of three independent studies of alternative 
aircraft inventories through 2030, and an associated force-
sizing construct, for the Air Force.
(2) Submittal to congress.--Not later than March 1, 2019, 
the Secretary shall submit the results of each study to the 
congressional defense committees.
(3) Form.--The result of each study shall be submitted in 
unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
(b) Entities To Perform Studies.--The Secretary shall provide for 
the studies under subsection (a) to be performed as follows:
(1) One study shall be performed by the Secretary of the Air 
Force, in consultation with the Director of the Office of Net 
Assessment.
(2) One study shall be performed by a federally funded 
research and development center.
(3) One study shall be conducted by an independent, 
nongovernmental institute which is described in section 
501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from 
taxation under section 501(a) of such Code, and has recognized 
credentials and expertise in national security and military 
affairs.
(c) Performance of Studies.--
(1) Independent performance.--The Secretary shall require 
the studies under this section to be conducted independently of 
one another.
(2) Matters to be considered.--In performing a study under 
this section, the organization performing the study, while being 
aware of current and projected aircraft inventories for the Air 
Force, shall not be limited by such current or projected 
aircraft inventories, and shall consider the following matters:
(A) The national security and national defense 
strategies of the United States.
(B) Potential future threats to the United States 
and to United States air and space forces through 2030.
(C) Traditional roles and missions of the Air Force.
(D) Alternative roles and missions for the Air 
Force.
(E) The force-sizing methodology and rationale used 
to calculated aircraft inventory levels.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1577]]
(F) Other government and nongovernment analyses that 
would contribute to the study through variations in 
study assumptions or potential scenarios.
(G) The role of evolving technology on future air 
forces, including unmanned and space systems.
(H) Opportunities for reduced operation and 
sustainment costs.
(I) Current and projected capabilities of other 
Armed Forces that could affect force structure 
capability and capacity requirements of the Air Force.
(d) Study Results.--The results of each study under this section 
shall--
(1) identify a force-sizing construct for the Air Force that 
connects national security strategy to aircraft inventories;
(2) present the alternative aircraft inventories considered, 
with assumptions and possible scenarios identified for each;
(3) provide for presentation of minority views of study 
participants; and
(4) for the recommended inventories, provide--
(A) the numbers and types of aircraft, the numbers 
and types of manned and unmanned aircraft, and the basic 
capabilities of each of such platforms;
(B) describe the force-sizing rationale used to 
arrive at the recommended inventory levels;
(C) other information needed to understand the 
aircraft inventories in basic form and the supporting 
analysis; and
(D) options to address aircraft types whose 
retirement commences before 2030.
SEC. 1065. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REVIEW OF NAVY CAPABILITIES IN 
THE ARCTIC REGION.
(a) Report on Capabilities.--
(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
capabilities of the Navy in the Arctic region.
(2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
include an analysis of the following:
(A) The current naval capabilities of the Department 
of Defense in the Arctic region, with a particular 
emphasis on surface capabilities.
(B) Any gaps that exist between the current naval 
capabilities described in subparagraph (A) and the 
ability of the Department to fully execute its updated 
strategy for the Arctic region.
(C) Any gaps in the capabilities described in 
subparagraph (A) that require ice-hardening of existing 
vessels or the construction of new vessels to preserve 
freedom of navigation in the Arctic region whenever and 
wherever necessary.
(D) An analysis and recommendation of which Navy 
vessels could be ice-hardened to effectively preserve 
freedom of navigation in the Arctic region when and 
where necessary, in all seasons and weather conditions.
(E) An analysis of any cost increases or schedule 
adjustments that may result from ice-hardening existing 
or new Navy vessels.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1578]]
(b) Comptroller General of the United States Review.--Not later than 
90 days after the date on which the Secretary submits the report 
required by subsection (a), the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a review of the 
report, including any matters in connection with the report and the 
review that the Comptroller General considers appropriate.
(c) Form.--The report under subsection (a) and the review under 
subsection (b) shall each be submitted in unclassified form, but may 
include a classified annex.
SEC. 1066. COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF MARITIME INTELLIGENCE, 
SURVEILLANCE, RECONNAISSANCE, AND 
TARGETING CAPABILITIES.
(a) Report Required.--Not later than May 1, 2018, the Secretary of 
the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on maritime intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, and targeting 
capabilities.
(b) Comprehensive Review.--The report required in subsection (a) 
shall include a comprehensive review of the following elements for the 
2025 and 2035 timeframes:
(1) A description of the projected steady-state demands for 
maritime intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, and 
targeting capabilities and capacity in each timeframe, including 
protracted gray-zone or low-intensity confrontations between the 
United States or its allies and potential adversaries such as 
Russia, China, North Korea, and Iran.
(2) A description of potential warfighting planning 
scenarios in which maritime intelligence, surveillance, 
reconnaissance, and targeting capabilities will be required in 
each prescribed timeframe, including the most demanding such 
scenario.
(3) A description of the undersea, surface, and air threats 
for each scenario described in paragraph (2) that will require 
maritime intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, and 
targeting to be conducted in order to achieve warfighting 
objectives.
(4) An assessment of the sufficiency of maritime 
intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, and targeting 
program capability and capacity to achieve the warfighting 
objectives described in paragraph (3) in the most demanding 
scenario described in paragraph (2), including the effects of 
attrition.
(5) Planned operational concepts, including a High level 
operational concept graphic (OV-1) for each such concept, for 
conducting maritime intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, 
and targeting capabilities during steady state operations and 
warfighting scenarios described in paragraph (2), including 
consideration of distributed combat operations in a satellite 
denied environment.
(6) Specific capability or capacity gaps and risk areas in 
the ability or sufficiency of maritime intelligence, 
surveillance, reconnaissance, and targeting capabilities.
(7) Potential mitigation or solutions to address the 
capability and capacity gaps and risk areas identified in 
paragraph (6), including new capabilities, increased capacity, 
or new operating concepts that could be employed by the Navy.
(8) A description of the funding amount by fiscal year, 
initial operational capability, and full operational capability
[[Page 131 STAT. 1579]]
for each maritime intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, 
and targeting program identified in paragraph (4), based on the 
President's fiscal year 2019 future years defense program, 
including unfunded and partially funded programs.
(c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.
SEC. 1067. REPORT ON THE NEED FOR A JOINT CHEMICAL-BIOLOGICAL 
DEFENSE LOGISTICS CENTER.
Not later than March 1, 2018, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report that includes the 
following:
(1) A description of the operational need and requirement 
for a consolidated Joint Chemical-Biological Defense Logistics 
Center.
(2) Identification of the specific operational requirements 
for rapid deployment of chemical and biological defense assets 
and the sustainment requirements for maintenance, storage, 
inspection, and distribution of specialized chemical, 
biological, radiological, and nuclear equipment at the Joint 
Chemical-Biological Defense Logistics Center.
(3) A definition of program objectives and milestones to 
achieve initial operating capability and full operating 
capability.
(4) Estimated facility and personnel resource requirements 
for use in planning, programming, and budgeting.
(5) An environmental assessment of proposed effects in 
accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 
(42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
SEC. 1068. MISSILE TECHNOLOGY CONTROL REGIME CATEGORY I UNMANNED 
AERIAL VEHICLE SYSTEMS.
(a) Report Required.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
State shall jointly submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
report providing an evaluation of the impact to national security of 
current United States policy regarding proliferation of complete 
unmanned aerial vehicle systems under Category I of the Missile 
Technology Control Regime (MTCR).
(b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
(1) An analysis of Category I unmanned aerial vehicles 
(UAVs) in production globally and the countries that export such 
systems, including the volume and location.
(2) An evaluation of the impact of the MTCR presumption of 
denial relating to Category I UAVs on identified United States 
security interests, including the presumption's nonproliferation 
benefits and the extent to which the presumption may foster the 
growth of foreign UAV providers, reducing United States 
Government influence and the qualitative United States 
technological edge.
(3) An evaluation of the potential risks and benefits to 
security posed by exports of UAVs, whether or not covered by 
Category I criteria, to identify characteristics that pose 
particular concerns, such as speed, radar cross-section, 
swarming capability, surveillance payload, low observable 
features, armor, and anti-aircraft countermeasures.
(4) A discussion of how the evaluation above should inform 
United States Government and allied and partner licensing
[[Page 131 STAT. 1580]]
guidance with respect to the MTCR presumption of denial and its 
potential impacts, United States Government proposals for 
revisions to the MTCR Guidelines, and differences among UAVs 
(Category I, as well as Category II UAVs that pose particular 
concerns).
(5) Any other matters the Secretaries consider appropriate.
(c) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form but may include a classified annex.
(d) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
(1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
Foreign Relations, and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
Senate; and
(2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
Foreign Affairs, and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
House of Representatives.
SEC. 1069. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR INTERAGENCY VETTING OF FOREIGN 
INVESTMENTS AFFECTING NATIONAL SECURITY.
(a) Plan and Recommendations Required.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
concurrence with the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Treasury, and 
the Director of National Intelligence, shall assess and develop a plan 
and recommendations for agencies of the United States Government, other 
than the Department of Defense, to improve the effectiveness of the 
interagency vetting of foreign investments that could potentially impair 
the national security of the United States.
(b) Objectives.--The recommendations required by subsection (a) 
shall have the following objectives:
(1) To increase collaboration and coordination among 
agencies of the United States Government in the identification 
and prevention of foreign investments that could potentially 
impair the national security of the United States.
(2) To increase collaboration and cooperation among the 
United States Government and governments of United States allies 
and partners on investments described in paragraph (1), 
including through information sharing.
(3) To increase collaboration and cooperation among agencies 
of the United States Government to identify and mitigate 
potential threats to critical United States technologies from 
foreign state owned or state controlled entities.
(c) Analysis.--The recommendations required by subsection (a) shall 
be based upon analysis of the following:
(1) Whether the current interagency vetting processes and 
policies place adequate focus on the potential threats presented 
by influence of the foreign governments over business entities 
seeking investment in the United States.
(2) The current or projected major vulnerabilities of the 
defense industrial base pertaining to foreign investment, 
including in the areas of cybersecurity, reliance on foreign 
suppliers in the defense supply chain access to materials that 
are essential for national defense, and the use of 
transportation assets and other critical infrastructure for 
training, mobilizing, and deploying forces.
(3) Whether the current interagency vetting process for 
foreign investments--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1581]]
(A) requires additional resources to be effective;
(B) permits the interagency establishment adequate 
time to thoroughly review transactions and to conduct 
national security threat assessments;
(C) assesses the risks posed by transactions before 
they are implemented; and
(D) provides adequate monitoring and compliance of 
agreements to mitigate such risks.
(4) The counterintelligence risks posed by purchases or 
leases of Federal land.
(5) Whether and to what extent industrial espionage is 
occurring against private United States companies to obtain 
commercial secrets related to critical or foundational 
technologies.
(6) Whether and to what extent foreseeable foreign 
investments have the potential to--
(A) reduce any United States technological or 
industrial advantage of the United States; or
(B) increase the vulnerability of the United States 
to information operations, including the purposeful 
dissemination of false or misleading information to the 
American public and the manipulation of American public 
opinion on critical public policy issues.
(7) Whether currently mandated annual reports to Congress on 
the interagency vetting of foreign investments should be revised 
to ensure that they provide valuable information.
(d) Considerations.--The recommendations required by subsection (a) 
shall take into consideration each of the following:
(1) Trends in foreign investment transactions, including 
joint ventures, the sale of assets pursuant to bankruptcy, and 
the purchase or lease of real estate in proximity to Government 
installations that could impair national security.
(2) Strategies used by foreign investors to exploit 
vulnerabilities in existing foreign investment vetting processes 
and regulations.
(3) Any market distortion or unfair competition incurred by 
foreign transactions that directly or indirectly impairs the 
national security or the United States.
(e) Reports.--
(1) Interim report.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the 
progress of the Secretary in developing the recommendations 
required by subsection (a).
(2) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
appropriate committees of Congress a report setting forth the 
recommendations developed pursuant to subsection (a).
(3) Form.--Each report under this subsection shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
annex.
(4) Appropriate committees of congress.--In this subsection, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
(A) the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives;
(B) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives;
(C) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate;
[[Page 131 STAT. 1582]]
(D) the Committee on Financial Services of the House 
of Representatives;
(E) the Committee on Finance of the Senate;
(F) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence 
of the House of Representatives; and
(G) the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
Senate.
SEC. 1070. BRIEFING ON PRIOR ATTEMPTED RUSSIAN CYBER ATTACKS 
AGAINST DEFENSE SYSTEMS.
Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Director of National 
Intelligence, shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and House of Representatives a briefing on all attempts to 
breach, intrude, or otherwise hack into Department of Defense systems 
that--
(1) occurred during the last 24-month period ending on the 
date of the enactment of this Act; and
(2) were attributable either to the government of the 
Russian Federation or actors substantially supported by the 
government of the Russian Federation.
SEC. 1071. <> ENHANCED ANALYTICAL AND 
MONITORING CAPABILITY OF THE DEFENSE 
INDUSTRIAL BASE.
(a) Process.--
(1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish 
a process, or designate an existing process, for enhancing the 
ability of the Department of Defense to analyze, assess, and 
monitor the vulnerabilities of, and concentration of purchases 
in, the defense industrial base.
(2) Elements.--The process required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
(A) Designation of a senior official responsible for 
overseeing the development and implementation of the 
process.
(B) Development or integration of tools to support 
commercial due diligence and business intelligence or to 
otherwise analyze and monitor commercial activity to 
understand business relationships affecting the defense 
industrial base.
(C) Development of risk profiles of products, 
services, or entities based on business intelligence, 
commercial due diligence tools and data services.
(D) As the Secretary determines necessary, 
integration with intelligence sources to develop threat 
profiles of entities attempting transactions with a 
defense industrial base companies.
(E) Other matters as the Secretary deems necessary.
(3) Notification.--Not later than 90 days after establishing 
or designating the process required by subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and House of Representatives notice in writing that 
such process has been established or otherwise designated. Such 
notification shall include the following:
(A) Identification of the official required to be 
designated under paragraph (2)(A).
(B) Identification of the tools described in 
paragraph (2)(B) that are currently available to 
Department of Defense and any other tools available 
commercially or otherwise
[[Page 131 STAT. 1583]]
that might contribute to enhancing the analytic 
capability of the process.
(C) Identification of, or recommendations for, any 
statutory changes needed to improve the effectiveness of 
the process.
(D) Projected resources necessary to purchase any 
commercially available tools identified under 
subparagraph (B) and to carry out any statutory changes 
identified under subparagraph (C).
(b) Reporting.--
(1) Consolidated report on vulnerabilities of, and 
concentration of purchases in, the defense industrial base.--
(A) Report required.--For each of fiscal years 2018 
through 2023, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the appropriate congressional committees a consolidated 
report that combines all of the reports required to be 
provided to Congress for that fiscal year on the 
adequacy of, vulnerabilities of, and concentration of 
purchases in the defense industrial sector. Such 
consolidated report shall include each of the following:
(i) The report required under section 721(m) 
of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. 
4565(m)) (relating to concentrations of purchases 
of the defense industrial base).
(ii) The report required under section 723(a) 
of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. 
4568(a)) (relating to offsets in defense 
production).
(iii) The report required under section 2504 
of title 10, United States Code (relating to 
annual industrial capabilities).
(iv) Any other reports the Secretary 
determines appropriate.
(B) Deadline.--A consolidated report under 
subparagraph (A) shall be submitted by not later than 
March 31 of the fiscal year following the fiscal year 
for which the report is submitted.
(2) Review of technology protection policy.--Not later than 
270 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report describing any need for 
reforms of policies governing the export of technology or 
related intellectual property, along with any proposed 
legislative changes the Secretary believes are necessary.
(3) Form of reports.--Each report submitted under this 
subsection shall be in unclassified form, but may contain a 
classified annex.
(4) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
(A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
on Financial Services, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, 
and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of 
the House of Representatives; and
(B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, the Committee on 
Foreign Relations, and the Select Committee on 
Intelligence of the Senate.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1584]]
SEC. 1072. REPORT ON DEFENSE OF COMBAT LOGISTICS AND STRATEGIC 
MOBILITY FORCES.
(a) Report Required.--Not later than April 1, 2018, the Secretary of 
the Navy shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report on the defense of combat 
logistics and strategic mobility forces.
(b) Covered Periods.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
cover two periods:
(1) The period from 2018 through 2025.
(2) The period from 2026 through 2035.
(c) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include, 
for each of the periods covered by the report, the following:
(1) A description of potential warfighting planning 
scenarios in which combat logistics and strategic mobility 
forces will be threatened, including the most demanding 
operational plan requiring such forces.
(2) A description of the combat logistics and strategic 
mobility forces capacity, including additional combat logistics 
and strategic mobility forces, that may be required due to 
losses from attacks under each scenario described pursuant to 
paragraph (1).
(3) A description of the projected capability and capacity 
of subsurface threats to combat logistics and strategic mobility 
forces for each scenario described pursuant to paragraph (1).
(4) A description of planned operating concepts for 
defending combat logistics and strategic mobility forces from 
subsurface, surface, and air threats for each scenario described 
pursuant to paragraph (1).
(5) An assessment of the ability and availability of United 
States naval forces to defend combat logistics and strategic 
mobility forces from the threats described pursuant to paragraph 
(1), while also accomplishing other assigned missions, for each 
scenario described pursuant to that paragraph.
(6) A description of specific capability gaps or risk areas 
in the ability or availability of United States naval forces to 
defend combat logistics and strategic mobility forces from the 
threats described pursuant to paragraph (1).
(7) A description and assessment of potential solutions to 
address the capability gaps and risk areas identified pursuant 
to paragraph (6), including new capabilities, increased 
capacity, or new operating concepts that could be employed by 
United States naval forces.
(d) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
(e) Combat Logistics and Strategic Mobility Forces Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``combat logistics and strategic mobility forces'' 
means the combat logistics force, the Ready Reserve Force, and the 
Military Sealift Command surge fleet.
SEC. 1073. REPORT ON ACQUISITION STRATEGY TO RECAPITALIZE THE 
EXISTING SYSTEM FOR UNDERSEA FIXED 
SURVEILLANCE.
(a) In General.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the acquisition strategy to 
recapitalize the existing system for undersea fixed surveillance.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1585]]
(b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall address 
the following matters:
(1) A description of undersea fixed surveillance system 
recapitalization requirements, including key performance 
parameters and key system attributes as applicable.
(2) Cost estimates for procuring a future system or systems.
(3) Projected dates for key milestones within the 
acquisition strategy.
(4) A description of how the acquisition strategy will 
improve performance in the areas of detection and localization 
compared to the legacy system to enable effective performance 
against current, emerging, and future threats over the life of 
the systems.
(5) A description of how the acquisition strategy will 
encourage competition and reward innovation for addressing 
system performance requirements.
SEC. 1074. REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF REQUIREMENTS IN CONNECTION 
WITH THE ORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT 
OF DEFENSE FOR MANAGEMENT OF SPECIAL 
OPERATIONS FORCES AND SPECIAL 
OPERATIONS.
(a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the implementation of section 922 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-
328; 130 Stat. 2354) and the amendments made by that section (in this 
section collectively referred to as the ``covered authority'').
(b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
(1) A statement of the responsibilities of the Assistant 
Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low Intensity 
Conflict that is consistent with the covered authority, 
including an identification of any responsibilities to be 
divested by the Assistant Secretary pursuant to the covered 
authority.
(2) A resource-unconstrained analysis of manpower 
requirements necessary to satisfy the responsibilities akin to 
those of the Secretary of a military department that are 
specified by the covered authority.
(3) An accounting of civilian, military, and contractor 
personnel currently assigned to the fulfillment of the 
responsibilities akin to those of the Secretary of a military 
department that are specified by the covered authority, 
including responsibilities relating to budget, personnel, 
programs and requirements, acquisition, and special access 
programs.
(4) A description of actions taken to implement the covered 
authority as of the date of the report, including the assignment 
of any additional civilian, military, or contractor personnel to 
fulfill additional responsibilities akin to those of the 
Secretary of a military department that are specified by the 
covered authority.
(5) An explanation how the responsibilities akin to those of 
the Secretary of a military department that assigned to the 
Assistant Secretary by the covered authority will be fulfilled 
in the absence of additional personnel being assigned to the 
office of the Assistant Secretary.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1586]]
(6) An assessment of whether the responsibilities specified 
in section 138(b)(4) of title 10, United States Code, could be 
accomplished more effectively if the Assistant Secretary of 
Defense for Special Operations and Low Intensity Conflict were 
elevated to an Under Secretary, including the potential benefits 
and negative consequences of such a change.
(7) Any other matters the Secretary considers appropriate.
SEC. 1075. REPORT ON THE GLOBAL FOOD SYSTEM AND VULNERABILITIES 
RELEVANT TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
MISSIONS.
(a) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation 
with the heads of such components of the Department of Defense as the 
Secretary considers appropriate, submit to the congressional defense 
committees an assessment of Department of Defense policies and 
operational plans for addressing the national security implications of 
global food system vulnerabilities.
(b) Contents.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include, 
at a minimum, the following:
(1) An evaluation of vulnerabilities in the global food 
system that may affect the national security of the United 
States and the Department of Defense roles, missions, and 
capabilities in addressing such vulnerabilities, including 
information technology, data management, and surveillance 
capabilities for detection and assessment of food system shocks 
with the potential to result in the deployment of the Armed 
Forces or directly affect bilateral security interests with 
allies or partners.
(2) A characterization of how Department of Defense 
strategy, policies, and plans, including the Unified Command 
Plan, defense planning scenarios, operational plans, theater 
cooperation plans, and other relevant planning documents and 
procedures, account for food system vulnerabilities as 
precursors to and components of protracted major state 
conflicts, civil wars, insurgencies, or terrorism.
(3) An evaluation of United States interests, including the 
interests of allies and strategic partners, and potential United 
States military operations, including thresholds for ordering 
such operations, in regions where food system instability 
represents an urgent and growing threat, including due to the 
presence of destabilizing non-state actors who may weaponize 
access to food.
(4) An identification of opportunities to initiate or 
further develop cooperative military-to-military relationships 
to build partner capacity to avoid, minimize, or control global 
and regional food system shocks.
Subtitle G--Modernizing Government Technology
SEC. 1076. <>  DEFINITIONS.
In this subtitle:
(1) Administrator.--The term ``Administrator'' means the 
Administrator of General Services.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1587]]
(2) Board.--The term ``Board'' means the Technology 
Modernization Board established under section 1094(c)(1).
(3) Cloud computing.--The term ``cloud computing'' has the 
meaning given the term by the National Institute of Standards 
and Technology in NIST Special Publication 800-145 and any 
amendatory or superseding document thereto.
(4) Director.--The term ``Director'' means the Director of 
the Office of Management and Budget.
(5) Fund.--The term ``Fund'' means the Technology 
Modernization Fund established under section 1094(b)(1).
(6) Information technology.--The term ``information 
technology'' has the meaning given the term in section 3502 of 
title 44, United States Code.
(7) IT working capital fund.--The term ``IT working capital 
fund'' means an information technology system modernization and 
working capital fund established under section 1093(b)(1).
(8) Legacy information technology system.--The term ``legacy 
information technology system'' means an outdated or obsolete 
system of information technology.
SEC. 1077. <>  ESTABLISHMENT OF AGENCY 
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS 
MODERNIZATION AND WORKING CAPITAL FUNDS.
(a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``covered agency'' means 
each agency listed in section 901(b) of title 31, United States Code.
(b) Information Technology System Modernization and Working Capital 
Funds.--
(1) Establishment.--The head of a covered agency may 
establish within the covered agency an information technology 
system modernization and working capital fund for necessary 
expenses described in paragraph (3).
(2) Source of funds.--The following amounts may be deposited 
into an IT working capital fund:
(A) Reprogramming and transfer of funds made 
available in appropriations Acts enacted after the date 
of enactment of this Act, including the transfer of any 
funds for the operation and maintenance of legacy 
information technology systems, in compliance with any 
applicable reprogramming law or guidelines of the 
Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives or transfer authority specifically 
provided in appropriations law.
(B) Amounts made available to the IT working capital 
fund through discretionary appropriations made available 
after the date of enactment of this Act.
(3) Use of funds.--An IT working capital fund established 
under paragraph (1) may only be used--
(A) to improve, retire, or replace existing 
information technology systems in the covered agency to 
enhance cybersecurity and to improve efficiency and 
effectiveness across the life of a given workload, 
procured using full and open competition among all 
commercial items to the greatest extent practicable;
(B) to transition legacy information technology 
systems at the covered agency to commercial cloud 
computing and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1588]]
other innovative commercial platforms and technologies, 
including those serving more than 1 covered agency with 
common requirements;
(C) to assist and support covered agency efforts to 
provide adequate, risk-based, and cost-effective 
information technology capabilities that address 
evolving threats to information security;
(D) to reimburse funds transferred to the covered 
agency from the Fund with the approval of the Chief 
Information Officer, in consultation with the Chief 
Financial Officer, of the covered agency; and
(E) for a program, project, or activity or to 
increase funds for any program, project, or activity 
that has not been denied or restricted by Congress.
(4) Existing funds.--An IT working capital fund may not be 
used to supplant funds provided for the operation and 
maintenance of any system within an appropriation for the 
covered agency at the time of establishment of the IT working 
capital fund.
(5) Prioritization of funds.--The head of each covered 
agency--
(A) shall prioritize funds within the IT working 
capital fund of the covered agency to be used initially 
for cost savings activities approved by the Chief 
Information Officer of the covered agency; and
(B) may reprogram and transfer any amounts saved as 
a direct result of the cost savings activities approved 
under clause (i) for deposit into the IT working capital 
fund of the covered agency, consistent with paragraph 
(2)(A).
(6) Availability of funds.--
(A) In general.--Any funds deposited into an IT 
working capital fund shall be available for obligation 
for the 3-year period beginning on the last day of the 
fiscal year in which the funds were deposited.
(B) Transfer of unobligated amounts.--Any amounts in 
an IT working capital fund that are unobligated at the 
end of the 3-year period described in subparagraph (A) 
shall be transferred to the general fund of the 
Treasury.
(7) Agency cio responsibilities.--In evaluating projects to 
be funded by the IT working capital fund of a covered agency, 
the Chief Information Officer of the covered agency shall 
consider, to the extent applicable, guidance issued under 
section 1094(b)(1) to evaluate applications for funding from the 
Fund that include factors including a strong business case, 
technical design, consideration of commercial off-the-shelf 
products and services, procurement strategy (including adequate 
use of rapid, iterative software development practices), and 
program management.
(c) Reporting Requirement.--
(1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, and every 6 months thereafter, the head 
of each covered agency shall submit to the Director, with 
respect to the IT working capital fund of the covered agency--
(A) a list of each information technology investment 
funded, including the estimated cost and completion date 
for each investment; and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1589]]
(B) a summary by fiscal year of obligations, 
expenditures, and unused balances.
(2) Public availability.--The Director shall make the 
information submitted under paragraph (1) publicly available on 
a website.
SEC. 1078. <>  ESTABLISHMENT OF 
TECHNOLOGY MODERNIZATION FUND AND BOARD.
(a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``agency'' has the 
meaning given the term in section 551 of title 5, United States Code.
(b) Technology Modernization Fund.--
(1) Establishment.--There is established in the Treasury a 
Technology Modernization Fund for technology-related activities, 
to improve information technology, to enhance cybersecurity 
across the Federal Government, and to be administered in 
accordance with guidance issued by the Director.
(2) Administration of fund.--The Administrator, in 
consultation with the Chief Information Officers Council and 
with the approval of the Director, shall administer the Fund in 
accordance with this subsection.
(3) Use of funds.--The Administrator shall, in accordance 
with recommendations from the Board, use amounts in the Fund--
(A) to transfer such amounts, to remain available 
until expended, to the head of an agency for the 
acquisition of products and services, or the development 
of such products and services when more efficient and 
cost effective, to improve, retire, or replace existing 
Federal information technology systems to enhance 
cybersecurity and privacy and improve long-term 
efficiency and effectiveness;
(B) to transfer such amounts, to remain available 
until expended, to the head of an agency for the 
operation and procurement of information technology 
products and services, or the development of such 
products and services when more efficient and cost 
effective, and acquisition vehicles for use by agencies 
to improve Governmentwide efficiency and cybersecurity 
in accordance with the requirements of the agencies;
(C) to provide services or work performed in support 
of--
(i) the activities described in subparagraph 
(A) or (B); and
(ii) the Board and the Director in carrying 
out the responsibilities described in subsection 
(c)(2); and
(D) to fund only programs, projects, or activities 
or to fund increases for any programs, projects, or 
activities that have not been denied or restricted by 
Congress.
(4) Authorization of appropriations; credits; availability 
of funds.--
(A) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
authorized to be appropriated to the Fund $250,000,000 
for each of fiscal years 2018 and 2019.
(B) Credits.--In addition to any funds otherwise 
appropriated, the Fund shall be credited with all 
reimbursements, advances, or refunds or recoveries 
relating
[[Page 131 STAT. 1590]]
to information technology or services provided for the 
purposes described in paragraph (3).
(C) Availability of funds.--Amounts deposited, 
credited, or otherwise made available to the Fund shall 
be available until expended for the purposes described 
in paragraph (3).
(5) Reimbursement.--
(A) Reimbursement by agency.--
(i) In general.--The head of an agency shall 
reimburse the Fund for any transfer made under 
subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (3), 
including any services or work performed in 
support of the transfer under paragraph (3)(C), in 
accordance with the terms established in a written 
agreement described in paragraph (6).
(ii) Reimbursement from subsequent 
appropriations.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, an agency may make a 
reimbursement required under clause (i) from any 
appropriation made available after the date of 
enactment of this Act for information technology 
activities, consistent with any applicable 
reprogramming law or guidelines of the Committees 
on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives.
(iii) Recording of obligation.--
Notwithstanding section 1501 of title 31, United 
States Code, an obligation to make a payment under 
a written agreement described in paragraph (6) in 
a fiscal year after the date of enactment of this 
Act shall be recorded in the fiscal year in which 
the payment is due.
(B) Prices fixed by administrator.--
(i) In general.--The Administrator, in 
consultation with the Director, shall establish 
amounts to be paid by an agency under this 
paragraph and the terms of repayment for 
activities funded under paragraph (3), including 
any services or work performed in support of that 
development under paragraph (3)(C), at levels 
sufficient to ensure the solvency of the Fund, 
including operating expenses.
(ii) Review and approval.--Before making any 
changes to the established amounts and terms of 
repayment, the Administrator shall conduct a 
review and obtain approval from the Director.
(C) Failure to make timely reimbursement.--The 
Administrator may obtain reimbursement from an agency 
under this paragraph by the issuance of transfer and 
counterwarrants, or other lawful transfer documents, 
supported by itemized bills, if payment is not made by 
the agency during the 90-day period beginning after the 
expiration of a repayment period described in a written 
agreement described in paragraph (6).
(6) Written agreement.--
(A) In general.--Before the transfer of funds to an 
agency under subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (3), 
the Administrator, in consultation with the Director, 
and the head of the agency shall enter into a written 
agreement--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1591]]
(i) documenting the purpose for which the 
funds will be used and the terms of repayment, 
which may not exceed 5 years unless approved by 
the Director; and
(ii) which shall be recorded as an obligation 
as provided in paragraph (5)(A).
(B) Requirement for use of incremental funding, 
commercial products and services, and rapid, iterative 
development practices.--The Administrator shall ensure--
(i) for any funds transferred to an agency 
under paragraph (3)(A), in the absence of 
compelling circumstances documented by the 
Administrator at the time of transfer, that such 
funds shall be transferred only on an incremental 
basis, tied to metric-based development milestones 
achieved by the agency through the use of rapid, 
iterative, development processes; and
(ii) that the use of commercial products and 
services are incorporated to the greatest extent 
practicable in activities funded under 
subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (3), and 
that the written agreement required under 
paragraph (6) documents this preference.
(7) Reporting requirements.--
(A) List of projects.--
(i) In general.--Not later than 6 months after 
the date of enactment of this Act, the Director 
shall maintain a list of each project funded by 
the Fund, to be updated not less than quarterly, 
that includes a description of the project, 
project status (including any schedule delay and 
cost overruns), financial expenditure data related 
to the project, and the extent to which the 
project is using commercial products and services, 
including if applicable, a justification of why 
commercial products and services were not used and 
the associated development and integration costs 
of custom development.
(ii) Public availability.--The list required 
under clause (i) shall be published on a public 
website in a manner that is, to the greatest 
extent possible, consistent with applicable law on 
the protection of classified information, sources, 
and methods.
(B) Comptroller general reports.--Not later than 2 
years after the date of enactment of this Act, and every 
2 years thereafter, the Comptroller General of the 
United States shall submit to Congress and make 
publically available a report assessing--
(i) the costs associated with establishing the 
Fund and maintaining the oversight structure 
associated with the Fund compared with the cost 
savings associated with the projects funded both 
annually and over the life of the acquired 
products and services by the Fund;
(ii) the reliability of the cost savings 
estimated by agencies associated with projects 
funded by the Fund;
[[Page 131 STAT. 1592]]
(iii) whether agencies receiving transfers of 
funds from the Fund used full and open competition 
to acquire the custom development of information 
technology products or services; and
(iv) the number of IT procurement, 
development, and modernization programs, offices, 
and entities in the Federal Government, including 
18F and the United States Digital Services, the 
roles, responsibilities, and goals of those 
programs and entities, and the extent to which 
they duplicate work.
(c) Technology Modernization Board.--
(1) Establishment.--There is established a Technology 
Modernization Board to evaluate proposals submitted by agencies 
for funding authorized under the Fund.
(2) Responsibilities.--The responsibilities of the Board 
are--
(A) to provide input to the Director for the 
development of processes for agencies to submit 
modernization proposals to the Board and to establish 
the criteria by which those proposals are evaluated, 
which shall include--
(i) addressing the greatest security, privacy, 
and operational risks;
(ii) having the greatest Governmentwide 
impact; and
(iii) having a high probability of success 
based on factors including a strong business case, 
technical design, consideration of commercial off-
the-shelf products and services, procurement 
strategy (including adequate use of rapid, agile 
iterative software development practices), and 
program management;
(B) to make recommendations to the Administrator to 
assist agencies in the further development and 
refinement of select submitted modernization proposals, 
based on an initial evaluation performed with the 
assistance of the Administrator;
(C) to review and prioritize, with the assistance of 
the Administrator and the Director, modernization 
proposals based on criteria established pursuant to 
subparagraph (A);
(D) to identify, with the assistance of the 
Administrator, opportunities to improve or replace 
multiple information technology systems with a smaller 
number of information technology services common to 
multiple agencies;
(E) to recommend the funding of modernization 
projects, in accordance with the uses described in 
subsection (b)(3), to the Administrator;
(F) to monitor, in consultation with the 
Administrator, progress and performance in executing 
approved projects and, if necessary, recommend the 
suspension or termination of funding for projects based 
on factors including the failure to meet the terms of a 
written agreement described in subsection (b)(6); and
(G) to monitor the operating costs of the Fund.
(3) Membership.--The Board shall consist of 7 voting 
members.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1593]]
(4) Chair.--The Chair of the Board shall be the 
Administrator of the Office of Electronic Government.
(5) Permanent members.--The permanent members of the Board 
shall be--
(A) the Administrator of the Office of Electronic 
Government; and
(B) a senior official from the General Services 
Administration having technical expertise in information 
technology development, appointed by the Administrator, 
with the approval of the Director.
(6) Additional members of the board.--
(A) Appointment.--The other members of the Board 
shall be--
(i) 1 employee of the National Protection and 
Programs Directorate of the Department of Homeland 
Security, appointed by the Secretary of Homeland 
Security; and
(ii) 4 employees of the Federal Government 
primarily having technical expertise in 
information technology development, financial 
management, cybersecurity and privacy, and 
acquisition, appointed by the Director.
(B) Term.--Each member of the Board described in 
paragraph (A) shall serve a term of 1 year, which shall 
be renewable not more than 4 times at the discretion of 
the appointing Secretary or Director, as applicable.
(7) Prohibition on compensation.--Members of the Board may 
not receive additional pay, allowances, or benefits by reason of 
their service on the Board.
(8) Staff.--Upon request of the Chair of the Board, the 
Director and the Administrator may detail, on a reimbursable or 
nonreimbursable basis, any employee of the Federal Government to 
the Board to assist the Board in carrying out the functions of 
the Board.
(d) Responsibilities of Administrator.--
(1) In general.--In addition to the responsibilities 
described in subsection (b), the Administrator shall support the 
activities of the Board and provide technical support to, and, 
with the concurrence of the Director, oversight of, agencies 
that receive transfers from the Fund.
(2) Responsibilities.--The responsibilities of the 
Administrator are--
(A) to provide direct technical support in the form 
of personnel services or otherwise to agencies 
transferred amounts under subsection (b)(3)(A) and for 
products, services, and acquisition vehicles funded 
under subsection (b)(3)(B);
(B) to assist the Board with the evaluation, 
prioritization, and development of agency modernization 
proposals.
(C) to perform regular project oversight and 
monitoring of approved agency modernization projects, in 
consultation with the Board and the Director, to 
increase the likelihood of successful implementation and 
reduce waste; and
(D) to provide the Director with information 
necessary to meet the requirements of subsection (b)(7).
[[Page 131 STAT. 1594]]
(e) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect on the date that 
is 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act.
(f) Sunset.--
(1) In general.--On and after the date that is 2 years after 
the date on which the Comptroller General of the United States 
issues the third report required under subsection (b)(7)(B), the 
Administrator may not award or transfer funds from the Fund for 
any project that is not already in progress as of such date.
(2) Transfer of unobligated amounts.--Not later than 90 days 
after the date on which all projects that received an award from 
the Fund are completed, any amounts in the Fund shall be 
transferred to the general fund of the Treasury and shall be 
used for deficit reduction.
(3) Termination of technology modernization board.--Not 
later than 90 days after the date on which all projects that 
received an award from the Fund are completed, the Technology 
Modernization Board and all the authorities of subsection (c) 
shall terminate.
Subtitle H--Other Matters
SEC. 1081. TECHNICAL, CONFORMING, AND CLERICAL AMENDMENTS.
(a) Title 10, United States Code.--Title 10, United States Code, is 
amended as follows:
(1) Section 113(j)(1) is amended by striking ``the Committee 
on'' the first place it appears and all that follows through 
``of Representatives'' and inserting ``congressional defense 
committees''.
(2) Section 115(i)(9) is amended by striking ``section 
1203(b) of the Cooperative Threat Reduction Act of 1993 (22 
U.S.C. 5952(b))'' and inserting ``section 1321(a) of the 
Department of Defense Cooperative Threat Reduction Act (50 
U.S.C. 3711(a))''.
(3) Section 122a(a) is amended by striking ``acting through 
the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public 
Affairs'' and inserting ``acting through the Assistant to the 
Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs''.
(4) Section 127(c)(1) is amended by striking ``the Committee 
on'' the first place it appears and all that follows through 
``of Representatives'' and inserting ``congressional defense 
committees''.
(5) Section 129a(b) is amended by striking ``(as identified 
pursuant to section 118b of this title)''.
(6) Section 130f(b)(1) is amended by adding a period at the 
end.
(7) Section 139b(c)(2) is amended by inserting a period at 
the end of subparagraph (K).
(8) Section 153(a) is amended by inserting a colon after 
``the following'' in the matter preceding paragraph (1).
(9) Section 162(a)(4) is amended by striking the comma after 
``command of''.
(10) Section 164(a)(1)(B) is amended by striking ``section 
664(f)'' and inserting ``section 664(d)''.
(11) Section 166(c) is amended by striking ``section 2011'' 
and inserting ``section 322''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1595]]
(12) Section 167b(e)(2)(A)(iii)(II) is amended by striking 
``Fiscal Year 2014'' and inserting ``Fiscal Year 2016''.
(13) Section 171a is amended--
(A) in subsection (f), by striking ``(4))'' and 
inserting ``(4)))''; and
(B) in subsection (i)(3), by striking ``section 
2366(e)'' and inserting ``sections 2366(e) and 
2366a(d)''.
(14) Section 179(f)(3)(B)(iii) is amended by striking 
``Joints'' and inserting ``Joint''.
(15) Section 181(b)(1) is amended by striking ``section 
118'' and inserting ``section 113(g)''.
(16) Section 222(b) is amended by striking ``both'' through 
the period at the end and inserting ``major force programs.''.
(17) Section 342(j)(2) is amended by striking the second 
period at the end.
(18) Section 347(a)(1)(A) is amended by inserting 
``section'' in clauses (i) and (iii) after ``Academy under''.
(19) Section 494(b)(2)(B) is amended by striking ``of title 
10'' and inserting ``of this title''.
(20) Section 661(c) is amended by striking ``section 
664(f)'' in paragraphs (1)(B)(i) and (3)(A) and inserting 
``section 664(d)''.
(21) Section 801 (article 1 of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice) is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by 
striking ``chapter:'' and inserting ``chapter (the Uniform Code 
of Military Justice):''.
(22) Section 806b(b) (article 6b(b) of the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice) is amended by striking ``(the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice)''.
(23) Section 1073c(a)(1)(E) is amended by striking 
``miliary'' and inserting ``military''.
(24) Section 1074g(a)(9) is amended by moving subparagraphs 
(B) and (C) two ems to the left.
(25) Section 1451 is amended in subsections (a) and (b) by 
striking ``section 1450(a)(4)'' each place it appears and 
inserting ``section 1450(a)(5)''.
(26) Section 1452(c) is amended in paragraphs (1) and (3) by 
striking ``section 1450(a)(4)'' both places it appears and 
inserting ``section 1450(a)(5)''.
(27) Subsection (i) of section 1552, as redesignated by 
section 511(a)(1) of this Act, is amended by striking 
``calender'' each place it appears and inserting ``calendar''.
(28) Section 1553(f) is amended by striking ``calender'' 
each place it appears and inserting ``calendar''.
(29) Section 2264(b)(3) is amended by striking ``the date of 
the'' and all the follows through ``2015'' and inserting 
``December 19, 2014''.
(30) Section 2330a is amended--
(A) in subsection (d)(1)(C), by striking 
``management.;'' and inserting ``management;''; and
(B) in subsection (h)--
(i) in paragraph (1), by inserting 
``Performance-based.--'' after ``(1)'';
(ii) by designating the four paragraphs after 
paragraph (4) as paragraphs (5), (6), (7), and 
(8), respectively;
[[Page 131 STAT. 1596]]
(iii) in paragraph (5), as redesignated, by 
inserting ``Service acquisition portfolio 
groups.--'' after ``(5)''; and
(iv) in paragraph (6), as redesignated, by 
inserting ``Staff augmentation contracts.--'' 
after ``(6)''.
(31) Section 2334(a)(6)(B) is amended by adding a semicolon 
at the end.
(32) Section 2335 is amended by striking ``(2 U.S.C. 431 et 
seq.)'' in subsections (c)(1) and (d)(3) and inserting ``(52 
U.S.C. 30101 et seq.)''.
(33) <>  The table of sections at 
the beginning of chapter 139 is amended by inserting at period 
at the end of the items relating to sections 2372 and 2372a.
(34) Section 2364(a)(6) is amended by striking ``conveys'' 
and inserting ``convey''.
(35) Section 2372 is amended by striking ``subsection 
(c)(3)(A)'' and inserting ``subsection (c)(2)(A)''.
(36) Section 2411(1)(D) is amended by striking ``(Public Law 
93-638; 25 U.S.C. 450b(l))'' and inserting ``(25 U.S.C. 
5304(l))''.
(37) <>  The item relating to 
section 2431b in the table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 144 is amended to read as follows:
``2431b. Risk management and mitigation in major defense acquisition 
programs and major systems.''.
(38) Section 2430 is amended by striking ``subsection 
(a)(2)'' in subsections (b) and (c) and inserting ``subsection 
(a)(1)(B)''.
(39) Section 2431a(d) is amended by inserting ``(1)'' after 
``Review.--''.
(40) Section 2446b(e) is amended--
(A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
striking ``in writing that--'' and inserting ``in 
writing--''; and
(B) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, that'' after 
``open system approach''.
(41) Section 2548(e) is amended--
(A) by striking ``Requirements'' and all that 
follows through ``by the Secretary'' and inserting 
``Requirement.--The annual report prepared by the 
Secretary'';
(B) by striking ``system; and'' and inserting 
``system.''; and
(C) by striking paragraph (2).
(42) <>  The table of sections at 
the beginning of chapter 152 is amended by inserting a period at 
the end of the item relating to section 2567.
(43) Section 2576a(b) is amended by striking ``and'' at the 
end of paragraph (4).
(44) Section 2612(a) is amended by striking ``section 
2166(f)(4)'' and inserting ``section 343(f)(4)''.
(45) Section 2662(f)(1)(D) is amended by striking ``section 
334'' and inserting ``section 254''.
(46) Section 2667(e) is amended--
(A) in paragraph (1)(E), by striking ``military 
museum described in section 489(a) of this title'' and 
inserting ``military museum'';
(B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``before January 
1, 2005, shall be deposited into the account'' and 
inserting
[[Page 131 STAT. 1597]]
``shall be deposited into the Department of Defense Base 
Closure Account''; and
(C) by striking paragraph (5).
(47) Section 2667(k) is amended by striking ``section 9101'' 
and inserting ``section 8101''.
(48) Section 2925(b)(1) is amended by striking ``section 
138c'' and inserting ``section 2926(b)''.
(49) Chapter 449 is amended--
(A) by striking the second section 4781; and
(B) <>  in the table of 
sections, by striking the item relating to the second 
section 4781.
(50) Section 7235(e)(2) is amended by striking ``24 months 
after the date of the enactment of this section'' and inserting 
``November 25, 2017,''.
(51) The item relating to section 9517 in the table of 
sections at the beginning of chapter 931 <>  is amended by making the first letter of the third word 
lower case.
(b) Amendments Related to Repeal of Pending Authority To Establish 
Under Secretary of Defense for Business Management and Information.--
(1) <>  National defense 
authorization act for fiscal year 2015.--Effective as of 
December 23, 2016, section 901 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3462), as amended by 
section 901(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2342), is 
further amended--
(A) by striking subsection (j);
(B) in subsection (l)(1), by striking subparagraph 
(A);
(C) in subsection (m), by striking paragraphs (1) 
and (2); and
(D) in subsection (n), by striking paragraph (1).
(2) <>  National defense 
authorization act for fiscal year 2016.--Effective as of 
November 25, 2015, subsection (f) of section 883 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-
92), as added by section 1081(c)(5) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), is 
amended by striking paragraph (1).
(c) Technical Corrections Related to Uniform Code of Military 
Justice Reform.--
(1) In general.--Chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code 
(the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as amended by the 
Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328), 
is further amended as follows:
(A) Section 801 (article 1) is amended, in the 
matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting ``(the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice)'' after ``chapter''.
(B) Subsection (b) of section 806b (article 6b), as 
amended by section 5105 of the Military Justice Act of 
2016 (130 Stat. 2895) is amended by striking ``(the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice)''.
(C) Subsections (b) and (c) of section 816 (article 
16), as amended by section 5161 of the Military Justice 
Act of 2016 (130 Stat. 2897) are amended by striking 
``sections 825(d)(3) and 829 of this title (articles 
25(d)(3) and 29)'' each place it appears and inserting 
``sections 825(e)(3) and 829 of this title (articles 
25(e)(3) and 29)''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1598]]
(D) Subsection (a)(4) of section 839 (article 39), 
as added by section 5222(1) of the Military Justice Act 
of 2016 (130 Stat. 2909), is amended by striking ``in 
non-capital cases unless the accused requests sentencing 
by members under section 825 of this title (article 
25)'' and inserting ``under section 853(b)(1) of this 
title (article 53(b)(1))''.
(E) Subsection (i) of section 843 (article 43), as 
added by section 5225(c) of the Military Justice Act of 
2016 (130 Stat. 2909), is amended by striking ``Dna 
Evidence.--'' and inserting ``DNA Evidence.--''.
(F) Section 848(c)(1) (article 48(c)(1)), as amended 
by section 5230 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (130 
Stat. 2913), is further amended by striking ``section 
866(g) of this title (article 66(g))'' and inserting 
``section 866(h) of this title (article 66(h))''.
(G) Section 853(b)(1)(B) (article 53(b)(1)(B)), as 
amended by section 5236 of the Military Justice Act of 
2016 (130 Stat. 2937), is further amended by striking 
``in a trial''.
(H) Subsection (d) of section 853a (article 53a), as 
added by section 5237 of the Military Justice Act of 
2016 (130 Stat. 2917), is amended by striking ``military 
judge'' the second place it appears and inserting 
``court-martial''.
(I) Section 864(a) (article 64(a)), as amended by 
section 5328(a) of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (130 
Stat. 2929), is further amended by striking ``(a) (a) In 
General.--'' and inserting ``(a) In General.--''.
(J) Subsection (b)(1) of section 865 (article 65), 
as added by section 5329 of the Military Justice Act of 
2016 (130 Stat. 2930), is amended by striking ``section 
866(b)(2) of this title (article 66(b)(2))'' and 
inserting ``section 866(b)(3) of this title (article 
66(b)(3))''.
(K) Subsection (f)(3) of section 866 (article 66), 
as added by section 5330 of the Military Justice Act of 
2016 (130 Stat. 2932), is amended by inserting after 
``Court'' the first place it appears the following: ``of 
Criminal Appeals''.
(L) Section 869(c)(1)(A) (article 69(c)(1)(A)), as 
amended by section 5333 of the Military Justice Act of 
2016 (130 Stat. 2935), is further amended by inserting a 
comma after ``in part''.
(M) Section 882(b) (article 82(b)), as amended by 
section 5403 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (130 
Stat. 2939), is further amended by striking ``section 
99'' and inserting ``section 899''.
(N) Section 919a(b) (article 119a(b)), as amended by 
section 5401(13)(B) of the Military Justice Act of 2016 
(130 Stat. 2939), is further amended--
(i) by striking ``928a, 926, and 928'' and 
inserting ``926, 928, and 928a''; and
(ii) by striking ``128a 126, and 128'' and 
inserting ``126, 128, and 128a''.
(O) Section 920(g)(2) (article 120(g)(2)), as 
amended by section 5430(b) of the Military Justice Act 
of 2016 (130 Stat. 2949), is further amended in the 
first sentence by striking ``brest'' and inserting 
``breast''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1599]]
(P) Section 928(b)(2) (article 128(b)(2)), as 
amended by section 5441 of the Military Justice Act of 
2016 (130 Stat. 2954), is further amended by striking 
the comma after ``substantial bodily harm''.
(Q) Subsection (b)(2) of section 932 (article 132), 
as added by section 5450 of the Military Justice Act of 
2016 (130 Stat. 2957), is amended by striking ``section 
1034(h)'' and inserting ``section 1034(j)''.
(R) Section 937 (article 137), as amended by section 
5503 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (130 Stat. 
2960), is further amended by striking ``(the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice)'' each place it appears as 
follows:
(i) In subsection (a)(1), in the matter 
preceding subparagraph (A).
(ii) In subsection (b), in the matter 
preceding subparagraph (A).
(iii) In subsection (d), in the matter 
preceding paragraph (1).
(2) Cross-references to stalking.--Title 10, United States 
Code, is amended as follows:
(A) Section 673(a) is amended--
(i) by striking ``920a, or 920c'' and 
inserting ``920c, or 930''; and
(ii) by striking ``120a, or 120c'' and 
inserting ``120c, or 130''.
(B) Section 674(a) is amended--
(i) by striking ``920a, 920b, 920c, or 925'' 
and inserting ``920b, 920c, or 930''; and
(ii) by striking ``120a, 120b, 120c, or 125'' 
and inserting ``120b, 120c, or 130''.
(C) Section 1034(c)(2)(A) is amended by striking 
``sections 920 through 920c of this title (articles 120 
through 120c of the Uniform Code of Military Justice)'' 
and inserting ``section 920, 920b, 920c, or 930 of this 
title (article 120, 120b, 120c, or 130 of the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice)''.
(D) Section 1044e(g)(1) is amended--
(i) by striking ``920a, 920b, 920c, or 925'' 
and inserting ``920b, 920c, or 930''; and
(ii) by striking ``120a, 120b, 120c, or 125'' 
and inserting ``120b, 120c, or 130''.
(3) Cross-reference in title 5.--Section 8312(b)(2)(A) of 
title 5, United States Code, is amended by striking ``article 
106 (spies), or article 106a (espionage)'' and inserting 
``article 103a (espionage), or article 106 (spies)''.
(4) <>  Effective date.--The 
amendments made by this subsection shall take effect immediately 
after the amendments made by the Military Justice Act of 2016 
(division E of Public Law 114-328) take effect as provided for 
in section 5542 of that Act (130 Stat. 2967).
(d) <>  National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017.--Effective as of December 23, 2016, and as if 
included therein as enacted, the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended as follows:
(1) <>  Section 217(a)(2) (130 
Stat. 2051) is amended by striking ``section 821b'' and 
inserting ``section 821(b)''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1600]]
(2) <>  Section 233 (10 U.S.C. 2358 
note; 130 Stat. 2061) is amended in subsections (a)(1) and 
(b)(1), by striking ``secretaries'' and inserting 
``Secretaries''.
(3) Section 728(b)(1) (130 Stat. 2234) <>  is amended by inserting ``(c)'' after ``Section 
1073b''.
(4) <>  Section 
805(a)(2) (130 Stat. 2255) is amended by striking ``The table of 
chapters for title 10, United States Code, is'' and inserting 
``The tables of chapters at the beginning of subtitle A, and at 
the beginning of part IV of subtitle A, of title 10, United 
States Code, are''.
(5) The matter to be inserted by section 824(d)(1)(B) (130 
Stat. 2279) <>  is amended--
(A) by striking ``(3)'' and inserting ``(4)''; and
(B) by striking ``(4)'' and inserting ``(5)''.
(6) Section 833(b)(2)(C) (130 Stat. 2284) is amended--
(A) in clause (ii), by striking ``Section 2330a(j) 
of title 10, United States Code,'' and inserting 
``Section 2330a(h) of title 10, United States Code, as 
redesignated by section 812(d),''; and
(B) <>  in clause (iii), in 
the matter proposed to be inserted, by striking 
``section 2330a(j)'' and inserting ``section 2330a(h)''.
(7) Section 865(b)(2) (130 Stat. 2305) is amended by 
striking ``section 2330a(g)(5)'' and inserting ``section 
2330a(h)(4)''.
(8) <>  Section 893(c) (130 Stat. 
2324) is amended by inserting ``paragraph (2) of'' after ``is 
further amended in''.
(9) Section 902(b) (130 Stat. 2344) <>  
is amended by striking ``Section 151(b)(5)'' and inserting 
``Section 131(b)(5)''.
(10) Section 921(c) (130 Stat. 2351) <>  
is amended by inserting after ``The text of'' the following: 
``subsection (a) (after the subsection heading)''.
(11) <>  Section 1061(c)(23) (130 
Stat. 2400) is amended by striking ``488(c)'' and inserting 
``488''.
(12) <>  Section 1061(i) (130 Stat. 
2404) is amended--
(A) in paragraph (23), by striking ``2010 (Public 
Law 110-417)'' and inserting ``2009 (Public Law 110-417; 
10 U.S.C. prec. 701 note)''; and
(B) in paragraph (24), by striking ``2010'' and 
inserting ``2009''.
(13) Section 1064(b) (130 Stat. 2409) is amended by striking 
``Public Law 113-239'' and inserting ``Public Law 112-239''.
(14) <>  Section 1253(b) (130 Stat. 
2532) is amended by striking ``this subchapter'' both places it 
appears and inserting ``this subtitle''.
(15) <>  Section 2811(c) 
(130 Stat. 2716) is amended by striking ``, and the provisions 
of law amended by subsections (a) and (b) of that section shall 
be restored as if such section had not been enacted into law''.
(16) Section 2829E(a) (130 Stat. 2733) <>  is amended by striking paragraph (3).
(17) <>  Section 5225(f) (130 Stat. 
2910) is amended by striking ``this subsection'' and inserting 
``this section''.
(18) The table of sections to be inserted by section 5452 
(130 Stat. 2958) <>  is amended--
(A) by striking ``Art.'' each place it appears, 
except the first place it appears;
[[Page 131 STAT. 1601]]
(B) in the item relating to section 887a, by 
striking ``Resistence'' and inserting ``Resistance'';
(C) in the item relating to section 908, by striking 
``of the United States-Loss'' and inserting ``of United 
States-Loss,'';
(D) in the item relating to section 909, by striking 
``of the'' and inserting ``of''; and
(E) in the item relating to section 909a, by 
striking the second period at the end.
(19) The matters to be inserted by section 5541 (130 Stat. 
2965) is amended--
(A) <>  by striking ``Art.'' 
each place it appears;
(B) by striking ``825.'' and inserting ``825a.''; 
and
(C) by striking ``830.'' and inserting ``830a.''.
(e) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016.--
Effective as of November 25, 2015, and as if included therein as 
enacted, section 574 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 831) is amended by 
striking ``1785 note'' both places it appears and inserting ``1788 
note''.
(f) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015.--
Effective as of December 19, 2014, and as if included therein as 
enacted, section 1044(a)(2)(A) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; <>  128 
Stat. 3493) is amended by striking ``October 28'' and inserting 
``September 30''.
(g) <>  National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2011.--Effective as of January 7, 2011, and as if 
included therein as enacted, section 896(b) of the Ike Skelton National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-398; 124 
Stat. 4315) is amended--
(1) <>  in paragraph (1), by striking 
``Chapter'' and inserting ``Subchapter II of chapter''; and
(2) <>  in paragraph (2), by 
striking ``chapter'' and inserting ``subchapter''.
(h) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009.--
Section 943(d)(1) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417), as amended by section 
1205(c)(2) of Public Law 112-81 (125 Stat. 1623), is further amended by 
striking the second period at the end of the first sentence.
(i) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004.--
Section 1022(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 271 note) is amended by 
striking ``section 1004(j)'' and all that follows through the end of the 
subsection and inserting ``section 284(i) of title 10, United States 
Code''.
(j) <>  Coordination With Other Amendments 
Made by This Act.--For purposes of applying amendments made by 
provisions of this Act other than this section, the amendments made by 
this section shall be treated as having been enacted immediately before 
any such amendments by other provisions of this Act.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1602]]
SEC. 1082. CLARIFICATION OF APPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS OF 
LAW TO CIVILIAN JUDGES OF THE UNITED 
STATES COURT OF MILITARY COMMISSION 
REVIEW.
Section 950f(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
``(5)(A) For purposes of sections 203, 205, 207, 208, and 209 of 
title 18, the term `special Government employee' shall include a judge 
of the Court appointed under paragraph (3).
``(B) A person appointed as a judge of the Court under paragraph (3) 
shall be considered to be an officer or employee of the United States 
with respect to such person's status as a judge, but only during periods 
in which such person is performing the duties of such a judge. Any 
provision of law that prohibits or limits the political or business 
activities of an employee of the United States shall only apply to such 
a judge during such periods.''.
SEC. 1083. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENT RELATING TO CONVERSION OF 
CERTAIN MILITARY TECHNICIAN (DUAL 
STATUS) POSITIONS TO CIVILIAN POSITIONS.
(a) Revised Reduction.--Section 1053(a)(1) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 
10216 note), as amended by section 1084(a)(1) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2421), is further amended by striking ``20 percent'' and inserting 
``12.6 percent''.
(b) Technical Correction.--Section 1084(a)(2) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2421), <>  is amended by striking 
``paragraph (2)'' and inserting ``paragraph (2)(A)''.
SEC. 1084. NATIONAL GUARD ACCESSIBILITY TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
ISSUED UNMANNED AIRCRAFT.
(a) Review Required.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with 
the Chief of the National Guard Bureau, the Commander of United States 
Northern Command, and the Commander of United States Pacific Command, 
shall conduct an efficiency and effectiveness review of the governance 
structure, coordination processes, documentation, and timing and 
deadline requirements stipulated in Department of Defense Policy 
Memorandum 15-002, entitled ``Guidance for the Domestic Use of Unmanned 
Aircraft Systems'' and dated February 17, 2015. In conducting the 
review, the Secretary shall take into account information and data 
points provided by State governors and State adjutant generals in 
assessing the efficiency and effectiveness of accessing Department of 
Defense issued unmanned aircraft systems for State and National Guard 
operations.
(b) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than 30 days after the 
completion of the review required by subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
submit the review to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
House of Representatives.
SEC. 1085. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.
(a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
(1) Naval aviation was born in the United States when Eugene 
Ely launched from the deck of a United States Navy ship on 
November 14, 1910, in a Curtiss Model D.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1603]]
(2) In 1915, Cpt. Henry C. Mustin made the first catapult 
launch aboard a ship underway in a Curtiss Model AB-2, beginning 
a century of technological advancements that have led to today's 
Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System.
(3) In 1924, Lt. Dixie Kiefer made the first night catapult 
launch in a Vought UO-1 in San Diego harbor.
(4) The first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, USS 
Enterprise (CVN 65), was commissioned in 1961, ushering in a new 
era of the world's most dominant and capable warships.
(5) In 2013, aircraft carrier USS George Washington (CVN 73) 
provided humanitarian assistance, medical supplies, food, and 
water to the victims in the Republic of the Philippines of Super 
Typhoon Haiyan, once again demonstrating the versatility of 
aircraft carriers for combat, diplomatic, and humanitarian 
operations.
(6) In 2017, the first of the next generation of aircraft 
carriers, USS Gerald R. Ford (CVN 78), was commissioned, marking 
a continuation of the innovative naval aviation spirit, 
technological advancement, and war fighting capabilities of 
aircraft carriers.
(7) For over 70 years, aircraft carriers have been employed 
in every major and many smaller conflicts, including World War 
II, Korea, Vietnam, Grenada, Lebanon, Libya, Operation Desert 
Storm, Afghanistan, Iraq, and the fight against terrorism.
(8) The United States Navy's aircraft carriers are a 
cornerstone of the Nation's ability to project its power and 
strength.
(9) When aircraft carriers sail the globe they are a 
statement of national purpose and a symbol of the Nation's 
industrial strength, competitive edge, and economic prosperity.
(10) Aircraft carriers are 4.5 acres of sovereign United 
States territory enabling the Nation to reduce its dependency on 
other nations while it pursues its national security interests.
(11) Aircraft carriers enable the United States Armed Forces 
to carry out operations from international waters, often 
obviating the need to obtain fly-over rights and land-base 
rights from other nations.
(12) Aircraft carriers are modern, mobile United States 
military bases complete with airfield, hospital, and 
communications systems from which the United States can strike 
at its enemies.
(13) Over 90 percent of world trade is moved by sea, 
including much of the world's gas and oil supply, and aircraft 
carriers patrol vital regions of the world to keep shipping 
lanes open and protect the interests of the United States and 
its allies.
(14) There are more than 2,450 companies in 48 States and 
over 364 congressional districts, and more than 13,100 
shipbuilders, who proudly contribute to the construction and 
maintenance of these complex and technologically advanced ships.
(15) Thousands of members of the United States Armed Forces 
have served the Nation aboard aircraft carriers in war, peace, 
and times of crisis.
(b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
(1) United States aircraft carriers are premier sea-based 
power projection platforms and have served the Nation's
[[Page 131 STAT. 1604]]
interests in times of war and peace, adapting to the immediate 
and ever-changing nature of the world for over 90 years; and
(2) aircraft carrier contributions and heritage should be 
celebrated.
SEC. 1086. SENSE OF CONGRESS RECOGNIZING THE UNITED STATES NAVY 
SEABEES.
(a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
(1) On March 5, 1942, Navy Construction Force personnel, 
known as the ``Seabees'', were officially established by the 
Navy Department.
(2) The purpose of the Navy Seabees is to build, maintain, 
and support base infrastructure in remote locations for the Navy 
and Marine Corps, while simultaneously being capable of engaging 
in combat operations.
(3) The Navy Seabees dual-role is exemplified by the Seabee 
motto Construimus, Batuimus: We Build, We Fight.
(4) Throughout their history, the Navy Seabees have answered 
the call of duty to protect the United States and its democratic 
values both in times of war and peace.
(5) The Navy Seabees support United States national security 
at Navy fleet and combatant commands worldwide, through the 
construction, both on land and underwater, of bases, airfields, 
roads, bridges, and other infrastructure.
(6) The Navy Seabees and their families have demonstrated 
unmatched courage and dedication to sacrifice for the United 
States, from service in World War II, Korea, and Vietnam to the 
recent conflicts in Afghanistan, Iraq, and elsewhere.
(7) The Navy Seabees exhibit honor, personal courage, and 
commitment as they sacrifice their personal comfort to keep the 
United States safe from threats.
(8) The Navy Seabees continue to display strength, 
professionalism, and bravery in the all-volunteer force.
(b) Sense of Congress.--Congress recognizes the United States Navy 
Seabees and the Navy personnel who comprise the construction force for 
the Navy and the Marine Corps as critical elements in deterring 
conflict, overcoming aggression, and rebuilding democratic institutions.
SEC. 1087. <>  CONSTRUCTION OF MEMORIAL 
TO THE CREW OF THE APOLLO I LAUNCH TEST 
ACCIDENT AT ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY.
Subject to applicable requirements of section 2409(b)(2)(E) of title 
38, United States Code, the Secretary of the Army, in consultation with 
the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 
the Commission of Fine Arts, and the Advisory Committee on Arlington 
National Cemetery, shall authorize the construction, at an appropriate 
place in Arlington National Cemetery, Virginia, of a memorial marker 
honoring the three members of the crew of the Apollo I who died during a 
launch rehearsal test on January 27, 1967, in Cape Canaveral, Florida. 
The memorial may not be constructed in a location that is otherwise 
suitable as an interment site.
SEC. 1088. <>  DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
ENGAGEMENT WITH COVERED NON-FEDERAL 
ENTITIES.
(a) Review of Current Guidance.--Not later than 120 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense
[[Page 131 STAT. 1605]]
and the Secretary of State shall jointly conduct a review of the 
guidance of the Department of Defense applicable to Department of 
Defense engagements with covered non-Federal entities.
(b) Additional Guidance.--If the Secretary of Defense and the 
Secretary of State determine pursuant to the review under subsection (a) 
that additional guidance is required in connection with Department of 
Defense engagements with covered non-Federal entities, the Secretary of 
Defense, with the concurrence of the Secretary of State, shall, by not 
later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, issue 
such additional guidance as the Secretaries consider appropriate in 
light of the review. Any such additional guidance shall be consistent 
with--
(1) applicable law, as in effect on the date of the 
enactment of this Act;
(2) Department of Defense guidance with respect to 
solicitation and preferential treatment, as in effect on the 
date of the enactment of this Act, including such guidance 
specified in the Department of Defense Joint Ethics Regulations; 
and
(3) the principle that the Department of State and the 
United States Agency for International Development are the 
principal United States agencies with primary responsibility for 
providing and coordinating humanitarian and economic assistance.
(c) Briefing.--Not later than 150 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
State shall jointly provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives, the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate, and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the 
House of Representatives a briefing on the findings of the review 
required under subsection (a).
(d) Covered Non-Federal Entity Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered non-Federal entity'' means an organization that--
(1) is based in the United States;
(2) has an independent board of directors and is subject to 
independent financial audits;
(3) is substantially privately-funded;
(4) is described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal 
Revenue Code of 1986 and is exempt from taxation under section 
501(a) of such Code;
(5) provides international assistance; and
(6) has a stated mission of supporting United States 
military missions abroad.
SEC. 1089. <>  PRIZE COMPETITION TO 
IDENTIFY ROOT CAUSE OF PHYSIOLOGICAL 
EPISODES ON NAVY, MARINE CORPS, AND AIR 
FORCE TRAINING AND OPERATIONAL AIRCRAFT.
(a) In General.--Under the authority of section 2374a of title 10, 
United States Code, and section 24 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology 
Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3719), the Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the Secretary of the Navy, the Secretary of the Air 
Force, the Commandant of the Marine Corps, and the heads of any other 
appropriate Federal agencies that have experience in prize competitions, 
and when appropriate, in coordination with private organizations, may 
establish a prize competition designed to accelerate identification of 
the root cause or causes of, or find solutions to, physiological 
episodes experienced in Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force training and 
operational aircraft.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1606]]
(b) Evaluation of Personnel.--The Secretary of Defense, or the 
Secretary's designee, shall select the person or persons to conduct the 
competition authorized in subsection (a) and evaluate any submissions.
(c) Limitation.--The Secretary of Defense may not exercise the 
authority under subsection (a) before the date that is 15 days after the 
date on which the Secretary of Defense submits to congressional defense 
committees certification in writing that the use of the authority will 
not compromise classified information, proprietary information, or 
intellectual property.
SEC. 1090. <>  PROVIDING ASSISTANCE TO HOUSE OF 
REPRESENTATIVES IN RESPONSE TO 
CYBERSECURITY EVENTS.
(a) Provision of Assistance.--If the Speaker of the House of 
Representatives (or the Speaker's designee), with the concurrence of the 
Minority Leader of the House of Representatives (or the Minority 
Leader's designee), determines that a cybersecurity event has occurred 
and that containing, mitigating, or resolving the event exceeds the 
resources of the House of Representatives, then notwithstanding any 
other provision of law or any rule, regulation, or executive order--
(1) the Speaker may request assistance in responding to the 
event from the head of any Executive department, military 
department, or independent establishment;
(2) not later than 24 hours after receiving the request, the 
head of the department or establishment shall begin to provide 
appropriate assistance in response to the incident, including 
(if necessary) restoring the information systems of the House to 
an operational state which allows for the continuation of the 
legislative process and for Members, officers, and employees of 
the House to continue to meet their official and 
representational duties; and
(3) such assistance shall be provided without reimbursement 
by the House of Representatives.
(b) Scope of Assistance.--
(1) In general.--The assistance provided to the Speaker by 
the head of a department or establishment under this section may 
consist only of a type that the head of the department or 
establishment is authorized under law to provide to the 
department or establishment, another Executive department, 
military department, or independent establishment, or a private 
entity.
(2) Connections between department or establishment and 
house information systems.--In providing assistance under this 
section--
(A) personnel of a department or establishment may 
not log onto the information systems of the House 
without the authorization of the Speaker (or the 
Speaker's designee); and
(B) personnel of a department or establishment may 
provide the House with access to technological support 
services of the department or establishment, including 
by authorizing personnel or systems of the House to 
connect with and operate services or programs of the 
department or establishment with guidance from subject 
matter experts of the department or establishment.
(c) Termination of Assistance.--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1607]]
(1) Termination upon notice from speaker.--After initiating 
assistance under this section, the head of the department or 
establishment shall continue providing assistance until the 
Speaker (or Speaker's designee) notifies the head of the 
department or establishment that the cybersecurity incident has 
terminated and that it is no longer necessary for the department 
or establishment to provide post-incident assistance.
(2) Removal of technological support services.--Upon 
receiving notice from the Speaker under paragraph (1), the head 
of the department or establishment shall ensure that any 
technological support services or programs of the department or 
establishment are removed from the information systems of the 
House, and that personnel of the department or establishment are 
no longer monitoring such systems.
(d) Compliance With Existing Standards.--In providing assistance 
under this section, the head of the Executive department, military 
department, or independent establishment shall meet the requirements of 
section 113 of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2017 (Public 
Law 115-31).
(e) No Effect on Other Authority to Provide Support.--Nothing in 
this section may be construed to affect the authority of an Executive 
department, military department, or independent establishment to provide 
any support, including cybersecurity support, to the House of 
Representatives under any other law, rule, or regulation.
(f) Definitions.--In this section, each of the terms ``Executive 
department'', ``military department'', and ``independent establishment'' 
has the meaning given such term in chapter 1 of title 5, United States 
Code.
SEC. 1091. TRANSFER OF SURPLUS FIREARMS TO CORPORATION FOR THE 
PROMOTION OF RIFLE PRACTICE AND FIREARMS 
SAFETY.
(a) Transfer Requirement.--
(1) In general.--During fiscal years 2018 and 2019, the 
Secretary of the Army shall transfer surplus caliber .45 M1911/
M1911A1 pistols described in paragraph (2) to the Corporation 
for the Promotion of Rifle Practice and Firearms Safety in 
accordance with this section.
(2) Pistols described.--The pistols described in this 
paragraph are surplus caliber .45 M1911/M1911A1 pistols and 
spare parts and related accessories for those pistols that, on 
the date of the enactment of this section, are under the control 
of the Secretary and are surplus to the requirements of the 
Department of the Army.
(3) Number to be transferred.--
(A) Total number.--For any fiscal year, a total of 
not more than 10,000 surplus caliber .45 M1911/M1911A1 
pistols may be transferred to the Corporation under this 
section and section 40728 of title 36, United States 
Code.
(B) Fiscal year 2018.--For fiscal year 2018, not 
less than 8,000 surplus caliber .45 M1911/M1911A1 
pistols shall be transferred to the Corporation pursuant 
to this section.
(4) Terms of transfers.--Subsections (b), (c), (d), (e), and 
(g) of section 40728 of title 36, United States Code, shall 
apply to a transfer under this section in the same manner such
[[Page 131 STAT. 1608]]
subsections apply to transfers of firearms under such section 
40728.
(5) Other requirements.--Except as provided in subsection 
(b)(1), subchapter II of chapter 407 of title 36, United States 
Code, shall apply with respect to firearms transferred under 
this section.
(b) Suspension of Discretionary Transfer Authority.--
(1) In general.--During the period described in paragraph 
(2), the Secretary of the Army may only transfer surplus caliber 
.45 M1911/M1911A1 pistols to the Corporation under the authority 
of this section and may not transfer such pistols to such 
Corporation under section 40728 of title 36, United States Code.
(2) Period described.--The period described in this 
paragraph is the period beginning on the date of the enactment 
of this Act and ending on the earlier of the following dates:
(A) The date that is 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020.
(B) June 1, 2020.
(c) Conforming Repeal of Pilot Program for Transfer of Pistols.--
Section 1087 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2016 <>  (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1012) 
is amended by striking subsections (b) and (c).
(d) Reports on Transfers.--
(1) In general.--For each fiscal year during which the 
Secretary transfers surplus caliber .45 M1911/M1911A1 pistols 
under subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to Congress a 
report detailing the transfer and sale of such pistols during 
such fiscal year. A report under this paragraph for a fiscal 
year shall be submitted not later than 5 days after the budget 
of the President for the subsequent fiscal year is submitted to 
Congress under section 1105 of title 31, United States Code.
(2) Contents of report.--Each report submitted under 
paragraph (1) shall include, for the fiscal year covered by the 
report--
(A) the number of surplus caliber .45 M1911/M1911A1 
pistols transferred to the Corporation under subsection 
(a);
(B) the number of such pistols sold by the 
Corporation; and
(C) to the extent feasible based on the information 
available to the Secretary, information on any crimes 
committed using any such pistols transferred to or sold 
by the Corporation.
(e) Evaluation of Corporation.--
(1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall enter 
into an agreement with a Federally funded research and 
development center with relevant expertise to conduct an 
evaluation of the Corporation for the Promotion for Rifle 
Practice and Firearms Safety for the purpose of assessing future 
transfers of excess firearms to the Corporation.
(2) Elements.--The evaluation required under paragraph (1) 
shall include the following elements:
(A) An assessment of the effectiveness of the 
Civilian Marksmanship Program, including an examination 
of the functions and activities of the Program, as 
described in
[[Page 131 STAT. 1609]]
section 40722 of title 36, United States Code, that 
support the mission of the Program.
(B) A comparison the Civilian Marksmanship Program 
to similar organizations that offer instruction in 
marksmanship, firearm practice and safety, and 
opportunities for marksmanship competitions.
(C) An evaluation of benefits the Army receives from 
the Civilian Marksmanship Program relative to the 
resources the Army provides to the Program.
(D) An assessment of present and prospective funding 
models to support a transition to self-sustainment, 
including opportunities for non-Federal resources.
(E) An assessment of the costs and profits 
associated with the transfer of excess firearms from the 
Army to the Civilian Marksmanship Program (including the 
costs associated with the storage, inspection, and, 
refurbishment of such firearms), which shall be 
determined with respect to surplus caliber .45 M1911/
M1911A pistols using data from a minimum of 8,000 sales 
transactions.
(F) Any other matters the Secretary determines 
appropriate.
(3) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the results of the 
evaluation by not later than January 1, 2019, and shall provide 
interim briefings upon request.
(f) Comptroller General Reviews.--
(1) Concurrent review of corportion.--
(A) In general.--At the same time as the Federally 
funded research and development center conducts the 
evaluation under subsection (d), the Comptroller General 
shall conduct a review of the Corporation for the 
Promotion for Rifle Practice and Firearms Safety.
(B) Elements.--The review required under paragraph 
(1) shall include the following elements:
(i) A review of whether the procedures 
relating to sales of surplus caliber .45 M1911/
M1911A pistols covered by the evaluation were 
conducted in accordance with applicable Federal 
laws.
(ii) A review of the business operations of 
the Civilian Marksmanship Program in comparison to 
the business operations of other Federally 
chartered organizations.
(iii) An evaluation of any authorities or 
agreements governing the relationship between the 
Army and the Program.
(iv) An assessment of the financial operations 
of the Civilian Marksmanship Program, including 
how the Program's endowment is funded by the 
proceeds from sales of excess weapons transferred 
to the Program from the Army.
(v) An assessment of the costs and profits 
associated with the transfer of excess firearms 
from the Army to the Civilian Marksmanship 
Program, which shall be determined with respect to 
surplus caliber .45 M1911/M1911A1 pistols using 
data from a minimum of 8,000 sales transactions.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1610]]
(vi) Any other matters the Comptroller General 
determines are relevant.
(C) Report to congress.--The Comptroller General 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on the review required by subparagraph (A) by not 
later than January 1, 2019.
(2) Review of ffrdc report.--
(A) In general.--The Comptroller General shall 
conduct a review of the report submitted under 
subsection (d)(3).
(B) Briefing.--Not later than 60 days after the 
Secretary of the Army submits the report required under 
subsection (d)(3), the Comptroller General shall provide 
to the congressional defense committees a briefing on 
the preliminary results of the review required by 
paragraph (1).
(C) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the 
Secretary submits such report, the Comptroller General 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report containing the findings and recommendations of 
the Comptroller General pursuant to the review required 
by paragraph (1).
SEC. 1092. <>  COLLABORATION BETWEEN 
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION AND 
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ON UNMANNED 
AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS.
(a) Collaboration.--
(1) In general.--The Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
Administration and the Secretary of Defense may collaborate on 
sense-and-avoid capabilities for unmanned aircraft systems.
(2) Elements.--The collaboration described in paragraph (1) 
may include, as appropriate, the following:
(A) Sharing information on safely integrating 
unmanned aircraft systems and manned aircraft in the 
national airspace system.
(B) The development of civil standards, policies, 
and procedures for the Federal Aviation Administration 
for integrating unmanned aircraft systems in the 
national airspace system by leveraging the historical 
and current testing, training, and operational 
experiences of the Department of Defense, particularly 
the Air Force, of unmanned flight operations
(C) Informing stakeholders about--
(i) the development of airborne and ground-
based sense-and-avoid capabilities for unmanned 
aircraft systems; and
(ii) research and development on unmanned 
aircraft systems, especially with respect to 
matters involving human factors, information 
assurance, and security.
(b) Participation by FAA in DOD Activities.--
(1) In general.--The Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
Administration may participate, and provide assistance to the 
Secretary of Defense for activities during the test and 
evaluation efforts of the Department of Defense, including the
[[Page 131 STAT. 1611]]
Air Force, relating to airborne and ground-based sense-and-avoid 
capabilities for unmanned aircraft systems.
(2) Participation through test sites.--Participation under 
paragraph (1) may include provision of assistance through 
Department of Defense unmanned aircraft systems test sites or a 
Federal Aviation Administration test range.
(c) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``unmanned aircraft 
system'' and ``test range'' have the meaning given such terms in section 
331 of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-95; 
49 U.S.C. 40101 note).
(d) Restoration of Rules for Registration and Marking of Unmanned 
Aircraft.--The rules adopted by the Administrator of the Federal 
Aviation Administration in the matter of registration and marking 
requirements for small unmanned aircraft (FAA-2015-7396; published on 
December 16, 2015) that were vacated by the United States Court of 
Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in Taylor v. Huerta (No. 
15-1495; decided on May 19, 2017) shall be restored to effect on the 
date of enactment of this Act.
SEC. 1093. <>  CARRIAGE OF CERTAIN 
PROGRAMMING.
(a) Definitions.--In this section--
(1) the term ``local commercial television station'' has the 
meaning given the term in section 614(h) of the Communications 
Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 534(h));
(2) the term ``multichannel video programming distributor'' 
has the meaning given the term in section 602 of the 
Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 522);
(3) the term ``qualified noncommercial educational 
television station'' has the meaning given the term in section 
615(l) of the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 535(l));
(4) the term ``retransmission consent'' means the authority 
granted to a multichannel video programming distributor under 
section 325(b) of the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 
325(b)) to retransmit the signal of a television broadcast 
station; and
(5) the term ``television broadcast station'' has the 
meaning given the term in section 76.66(a) of title 47, Code of 
Federal Regulations.
(b) Carriage of Certain Content.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, a multichannel video programming distributor may not 
be directly or indirectly required, including as a condition of 
obtaining retransmission consent, to--
(1) carry non-incidental video content from a local 
commercial television station, qualified noncommercial 
educational television station, or television broadcast station 
to the extent that such content is owned, controlled, or 
financed (in whole or in part) by the Government of the Russian 
Federation; or
(2) lease, or otherwise make available, channel capacity to 
any person for the provision of video programming that is owned, 
controlled, or financed (in whole or in part) by the Government 
of the Russian Federation.
(c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
as applying to the editorial use by a local commercial television 
station, qualified noncommercial educational television station, or 
television broadcast station of programming that is
[[Page 131 STAT. 1612]]
owned, controlled, or financed (in whole or in part) by the Government 
of the Russian Federation.
SEC. 1094. NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR COUNTERING VIOLENT EXTREMISM.
(a) Strategy Required.--
(1) In general.--Not later than June 1, 2018, the President 
shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report 
on a comprehensive, interagency national strategy for countering 
violent extremism.
(2) Elements.--The comprehensive, interagency national 
strategy required by paragraph (1) shall include the following 
elements:
(A) Identification of the interagency tools for 
combating and countering violent extremism, including--
(i) countering violent extremist messaging and 
ideological support;
(ii) combating violent extremist financing, 
intelligence gathering, and cooperation;
(iii) law enforcement activities, sanctions, 
counterterrorism, and counterintelligence 
activities;
(iv) support to civil-society groups, 
commercial entities, allies, and counter 
radicalization activities; and
(v) support by the Armed Forces of the United 
States to combat violent extremism.
(B) Use of, coordination with, or liaison to 
international partners, non-governmental organizations, 
or commercial entities that support United States policy 
goals in countering violent extremist ideologies and 
organizations.
(C) Synchronization processes for the use of 
interagency tools to combat violent extremism, including 
the roles and responsibilities of the Global Engagement 
Center, as well as the National Security Council in 
coordinating the interagency tools.
(D) Recommendations for improving coordination 
between Federal Government agencies, as well as with 
State, local, international, and non-governmental 
entities.
(E) Other matters as the President considers 
appropriate.
(b) Assessment.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
submission of the strategy required by subsection (a), the President 
shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress an assessment of 
the strategy, including--
(1) the status of implementation of the strategy;
(2) progress toward the achievement of benchmarks or 
implementation of any recommendations; and
(3) any changes to the strategy since such submission.
(c) Form.--The report and assessment required by this section shall 
each be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
annex.
(d) Appropriate Committees of Congress.--In this section, the term 
``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
(1) the Committees on Foreign Relations, Armed Services, 
Appropriations, Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, and 
the Judiciary and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
Senate; and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1613]]
(2) the Committees on Foreign Affairs, Armed Services, 
Appropriations, Homeland Security, and the Judiciary and the 
Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
Representatives.
SEC. 1095. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING WORLD WAR I.
(a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
(1) The United States declared war against Germany on April 
6, 1917, to redress wrongs, including Germany's resumption of 
unrestricted submarine warfare, violation of United States 
neutrality, meddling in Mexican affairs, and denial of freedom 
of the seas to nonbelligerent nations.
(2) The United States associated itself with the allied 
powers of the United Kingdom and its Commonwealth, France and 
its colonies, Russia, Italy, and Japan to defeat the German 
Empire.
(3) The United States Army, consisting of the Regular Army, 
National Guard, and Reserve Corps, with the addition of 
volunteers and the draftees of the National Army, underwent a 
transformation from a frontier constabulary and coastal defense 
force to a modern land warfare force.
(4) Early 20th century military and technological advances 
resulted in the incorporation of motor transport, aviation, 
anti-aircraft artillery, tanks, chemical weapons, submarines and 
anti-submarine warfare, underwater mines, and other innovations 
into the military arsenal of the United States.
(5) The need to quickly build a military strength of four 
million soldiers and half a million sailors required the 
mobilization of the human resources of the United States, during 
which members of diverse ethnic groups, races, and creeds, both 
native-born and immigrant, forged a new American identity.
(6) The United States Army maintained its defense of 
American seacoasts, southern border, and overseas possessions, 
while the Army American Expeditionary Forces arrived in Europe 
in June 1917 and deployed for combat operations in October.
(7) By the end of World War I, almost 2,000,000 members of 
the Army served overseas in the American Expeditionary Forces.
(8) During World War I, the United States Navy increased in 
strength from approximately 67,000 sailors and marines to 
approximately 500,000 sailors and marines by the war's end, and 
the size of the Navy increased from around 200 ships at the 
outbreak of war in Europe in 1914, to 342 vessels by the time 
the United States entered the war, and 774 vessels by the day of 
the Armistice
(9) The Navy operated in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, 
and the North and Mediterranean Seas in cooperation with allied 
navies.
(10) The Navy began the fight against the German U-boat 
menace by first dispatching 34 destroyers stationed specifically 
for such purpose, which by war's end grew to 110 total 
destroyers
(11) Navy vessels escorted troop transports carrying 
1,250,000 passengers and escorted supply transports carrying 27 
percent of all cargo shipped to Europe.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1614]]
(12) The Navy deployed five batteries of large-caliber 
battleship guns mounted on railroad trains to France for service 
as long-range artillery for the Army.
(13) The United States Coast Guard transferred to the 
operational control of the Navy and augmented that service with 
officers and sailors, vessels of all types, and shore stations.
(14) The United States Marine Corps, with an eventual 
wartime strength of 53,000 officers and men, detached the 5th 
and 6th regiments and a machine gun battalion to constitute an 
infantry brigade integrated into the Army's 2d Division for 
service in France.
(15) On July 4, 1917, Colonel Charles E. Stanton, one of the 
officers on the staff of General John Pershing, commander of the 
American Expeditionary Forces in Europe, famously announced the 
commitment of the United States to the fight when Colonel 
Stanton proclaimed upon his arrival in France, ``Lafayette, we 
are here!''.
(16) Whereas the American Expeditionary Forces formed three 
field armies, nine corps and 43 divisions, plus various units of 
the Services of Supply.
(17) The American Expeditionary Forces suffered 255,000 
casualties and over 50,000 non-battle casualties while 
participating in 13 named campaigns in World War I.
(18) Participation in World War I resulted in the completion 
of a period of reform and professionalism that transformed the 
Armed Forces from a small dispersed organization to a modern 
industrialized fighting force capable of global reach and 
influence.
(b) Sense of Congress.--Congress--
(1) honors the memory of the fallen heroes who wore the 
uniform of the United States Armed Forces during World War I;
(2) commends the Unites States Armed Forces for preserving 
and protecting the interests of the United States during World 
War I;
(3) commends the brave members of the United States Armed 
Forces for their courage while preserving the founding 
principles of the United States at home and abroad during World 
War I;
(4) commends the brave members of the United States Armed 
Forces for preserving and protecting the sea lanes of commerce 
and communications during World War I that ensured the continued 
prosperity of the United States;
(5) celebrates and congratulates the United States Army, 
Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard during the 
commemoration of the centennial of World War I for a job well 
done; and
(6) calls on all people of the United States to join in the 
commemoration of the centennial of World War I in events 
throughout the United States and overseas.
SEC. 1096. <>  NOTICE TO CONGRESS OF TERMS 
OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SETTLEMENT 
AGREEMENTS.
(a) Request of Settlement Agreements.--At the request of the 
Chairman, in coordination with the Ranking Member, of the Committee on 
Armed Services of the Senate or the House of Representatives or the 
Chairman, in coordination with the
[[Page 131 STAT. 1615]]
Ranking Member, of the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate or the 
House of Representatives, the Secretary of Defense shall make available 
(in an appropriate manner with respect to classified or other protected 
information) to the Chairman and Ranking Member of the requesting 
committee a settlement agreement (including a consent decree) in any 
civil action in a court of competent jurisdiction involving the 
Department of Defense, a military department, or a Defense Agency.
(b) Provision of Settlement Agreements.--The Secretary shall take 
all necessary steps to ensure the settlement agreement is provided to 
the Chairman and Ranking Member of the requesting committee, including 
by making any necessary requests to a court with competent jurisdiction 
over the settlement.
SEC. 1097. OFFICE OF SPECIAL COUNSEL REAUTHORIZATION.
(a) Adequate Access of Special Counsel to Information.--Section 
1212(b) of title 5, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
``(5)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the Special 
Counsel, in carrying out this subchapter, is authorized to--
``(i) have timely access to all records, data, reports, 
audits, reviews, documents, papers, recommendations, or other 
material available to the applicable agency that relate to an 
investigation, review, or inquiry conducted under--
``(I) section 1213, 1214, 1215, or 1216 of this 
title; or
``(II) section 4324(a) of title 38;
``(ii) request from any agency the information or assistance 
that may be necessary for the Special Counsel to carry out the 
duties and responsibilities of the Special Counsel under this 
subchapter; and
``(iii) require, during an investigation, review, or inquiry 
of an agency, the agency to provide to the Special Counsel any 
record or other information that relates to an investigation, 
review, or inquiry conducted under--
``(I) section 1213, 1214, 1215, or 1216 of this 
title; or
``(II) section 4324(a) of title 38.
``(B)(i) The authorization of the Special Counsel under subparagraph 
(A) shall not apply with respect to any entity that is an element of the 
intelligence community, as defined in section 3 of the National Security 
Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003), unless the Special Counsel is 
investigating, or otherwise carrying out activities relating to the 
enforcement of, an action under subchapter III of chapter 73.
``(ii) An Inspector General may withhold from the Special Counsel 
material described in subparagraph (A) if the Inspector General 
determines that the material contains information derived from, or 
pertaining to, intelligence activities.
``(iii) The Attorney General or an Inspector General may withhold 
from the Special Counsel material described in subparagraph (A) if--
``(I)(aa) disclosing the material could reasonably be 
expected to interfere with a criminal investigation or 
prosecution that is ongoing as of the date on which the Special 
Counsel submits a request for the material; or
``(bb) the material--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1616]]
``(AA) may not be disclosed pursuant to a court 
order; or
``(BB) has been filed under seal under section 3730 
of title 31; and
``(II) the Attorney General or the Inspector General, as 
applicable, submits to the Special Counsel a written report that 
describes--
``(aa) the material being withheld; and
``(bb) the reason that the material is being 
withheld.
``(C)(i) A claim of common law privilege by an agency, or an officer 
or employee of an agency, shall not prevent the Special Counsel from 
obtaining any material described in subparagraph (A)(i) with respect to 
the agency.
``(ii) The submission of material described in subparagraph (A)(i) 
by an agency to the Special Counsel may not be deemed to waive any 
assertion of privilege by the agency against a non-Federal entity or 
against an individual in any other proceeding.
``(iii) With respect to any record or other information made 
available to the Special Counsel by an agency under subparagraph (A), 
the Special Counsel may only disclose the record or information for a 
purpose that is in furtherance of any authority provided to the Special 
Counsel under this subchapter.
``(6) The Special Counsel shall submit to the Committee on Homeland 
Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate, the Committee on 
Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives, and 
each committee of Congress with jurisdiction over the applicable agency 
a report regarding any case of contumacy or failure to comply with a 
request submitted by the Special Counsel under paragraph (5)(A).''.
(b) Information on Whistleblower Protections.--
(1) Agency responsibilities.--
(A) Repeal.--Section 2307 of chapter 23 of title 5, 
United States Code, and the item related to such section 
in the table of sections for such chapter, <>  is repealed.
(B) Information on whistleblower protections.--
Section 2302 of title 5, United States Code, is amended 
by--
(i) redesignating subsections (c), (d), and 
(e) as subsections (d), (e), and (f), 
respectively; and
(ii) by inserting after subsection (b) the 
following:
``(c)(1) In this subsection--
``(A) the term `new employee' means an individual--
``(i) appointed to a position as an employee on or 
after the date of enactment of this subsection; and
``(ii) who has not previously served as an employee; 
and
``(B) the term `whistleblower protections' means the 
protections against and remedies for a prohibited personnel 
practice described in paragraph (8) or subparagraph (A)(i), (B), 
(C), or (D) of paragraph (9) of subsection (b).
``(2) The head of each agency shall be responsible for--
``(A) preventing prohibited personnel practices;
``(B) complying with and enforcing applicable civil service 
laws, rules, and regulations and other aspects of personnel 
management; and
``(C) ensuring, in consultation with the Special Counsel and 
the Inspector General of the agency, that employees of
[[Page 131 STAT. 1617]]
the agency are informed of the rights and remedies available to 
the employees under this chapter and chapter 12, including--
``(i) information with respect to whistleblower 
protections available to new employees during a 
probationary period;
``(ii) the role of the Office of Special Counsel and 
the Merit Systems Protection Board with respect to 
whistleblower protections; and
``(iii) the means by which, with respect to 
information that is otherwise required by law or 
Executive order to be kept classified in the interest of 
national defense or the conduct of foreign affairs, an 
employee may make a lawful disclosure of the information 
to--
``(I) the Special Counsel;
``(II) the Inspector General of an agency;
``(III) Congress; or
``(IV) another employee of the agency who is 
designated to receive such a disclosure.
``(3) The head of each agency shall ensure that the information 
described in paragraph (2) is provided to each new employee of the 
agency not later than 180 days after the date on which the new employee 
is appointed.
``(4) The head of each agency shall make available information 
regarding whistleblower protections applicable to employees of the 
agency on the public website of the agency and on any online portal that 
is made available only to employees of the agency, if such portal 
exists.
``(5) Any employee to whom the head of an agency delegates authority 
for any aspect of personnel management shall, within the limits of the 
scope of the delegation, be responsible for the activities described in 
paragraph (2).''.
(2) <>  Information on appeal 
rights.--
(A) In general.--Any notice provided to an employee 
under section 7503(b)(1), section 7513(b)(1), or section 
7543(b)(1) of title 5, United States Code, shall include 
detailed information with respect to--
(i) the right of the employee to appeal an 
action brought under the applicable section;
(ii) the forums in which the employee may file 
an appeal described in clause (i); and
(iii) any limitations on the rights of the 
employee that would apply because of the forum in 
which the employee decides to file an appeal.
(B) Development of information.--The information 
described in subparagraph (A) shall be developed by the 
Director of the Office of Personnel Management, in 
consultation with the Special Counsel, the Merit Systems 
Protection Board, and the Equal Employment Opportunity 
Commission.
(3) Technical and conforming amendments.--
(A) Section 4505a(b)(2) of title 5, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``section 2302(c)'' and 
inserting ``section 2302(d)''.
(B) Section 5755(b)(2) of title 5, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``section 2302(c)'' and 
inserting ``section 2302(d)''.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1618]]
(C) Section 110(b)(2) of the Whistleblower 
Protection Enhancement Act of 2012 (5 U.S.C. 2302 note) 
is amended by striking ``section 2302(e)(1) or (2)'' and 
inserting ``section 2302(f)(1) or (2)''.
(D) Section 1217(d)(3) of the Panama Canal Act of 
1979 (22 U.S.C. 3657(d)(3)) is amended by striking 
``section 2302(c)'' and inserting ``section 2302(d)''.
(E) Section 1233(b) of the Panama Canal Act of 1979 
(22 U.S.C. 3673(b)) is amended by striking ``section 
2302(c)'' and inserting ``section 2302(d)''.
(c) Additional Whistleblower Provisions.--
(1) Prohibited personnel practices.--Section 2302 of title 
5, United States Code, is amended--
(A) in subsection (b)(9)(C), by inserting ``(or any 
other component responsible for internal investigation 
or review)'' after ``Inspector General''; and
(B) in subsection (f)--
(i) in paragraph (1)--
(I) in subparagraph (E), by striking 
``or'' at the end;
(II) by redesignating subparagraph 
(F) as subparagraph (G); and
(III) by inserting after 
subparagraph (E) the following:
``(F) the disclosure was made before the date on 
which the individual was appointed or applied for 
appointment to a position; or''; and
(ii) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting 
the following:
``(2) If a disclosure is made during the normal course of 
duties of an employee, the principal job function of whom is to 
regularly investigate and disclose wrongdoing (referred to in 
this paragraph as the `disclosing employee'), the disclosure 
shall not be excluded from subsection (b)(8) if the disclosing 
employee demonstrates that an employee who has the authority to 
take, direct other individuals to take, recommend, or approve 
any personnel action with respect to the disclosing employee 
took, failed to take, or threatened to take or fail to take a 
personnel action with respect to the disclosing employee in 
reprisal for the disclosure made by the disclosing employee.''.
(2) Explanations for failure to take action.--Section 1213 
of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
(A) in subsection (b), by striking ``15 days'' and 
inserting ``45 days''; and
(B) in subsection (e)--
(i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Any such 
report'' and inserting ``Any report required under 
subsection (c) or paragraph (5) of this 
subsection'';
(ii) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting 
the following:
``(2) Upon receipt of any report that the head of an agency 
is required to submit under subsection (c), the Special Counsel 
shall review the report and determine whether--
``(A) the findings of the head of the agency appear 
reasonable; and
``(B) if the Special Counsel requires the head of 
the agency to submit a supplemental report under 
paragraph
[[Page 131 STAT. 1619]]
(5), the reports submitted by the head of the agency 
collectively contain the information required under 
subsection (d).'';
(iii) in paragraph (3), by striking ``agency 
report received pursuant to subsection (c) of this 
section'' and inserting ``report submitted to the 
Special Counsel by the head of an agency under 
subsection (c) or paragraph (5) of this 
subsection''; and
(iv) by adding at the end the following:
``(5) If, after conducting a review of a report under 
paragraph (2), the Special Counsel concludes that the Special 
Counsel requires additional information or documentation to 
determine whether the report submitted by the head of an agency 
is reasonable and sufficient, the Special Counsel may request 
that the head of the agency submit a supplemental report--
``(A) containing the additional information or 
documentation identified by the Special Counsel; and
``(B) that the head of the agency shall submit to 
the Special Counsel within a period of time specified by 
the Special Counsel.''.
(3) Transfer requests during stays.--
(A) Priority granted.--Section 1214(b)(1) of title 
5, United States Code, is amended--
(i) by striking subparagraph (E); and
(ii) by adding at the end the following:
``(E) If the Board grants a stay under subparagraph 
(A), the head of the agency employing the employee who 
is the subject of the action shall give priority to a 
request for a transfer submitted by the employee.''.
(B) Probationary employees.--Section 1221 of title 
5, United States Code, is amended--
(i) by striking subsection (k); and
(ii) by adding at the end the following:
``(k) If the Board grants a stay under subsection (c) and the 
employee who is the subject of the action is in probationary status, the 
head of the agency employing the employee shall give priority to a 
request for a transfer submitted by the employee.''.
(4) Retaliatory investigations.--Section 1214 of title 5, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
``(i) The Special Counsel may petition the Board to order corrective 
action, including fees, costs, or damages reasonably incurred by an 
employee due to an investigation of the employee by an agency, if the 
investigation by an agency was commenced, expanded, or extended in 
retaliation for a disclosure or protected activity described in section 
2302(b)(8) or subparagraph (A)(i), (B), (C), or (D) of section 
2302(b)(9), without regard to whether a personnel action, as defined in 
section 2302(a)(2)(A), is taken.''.
(d) Protection of Whistleblowers as Criteria in Performance 
Appraisals.--
(1) Establishment of systems.--Section 4302 of title 5, 
United States Code, is amended--
(A) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as 
subsections (c) and (d), respectively; and
(B) by inserting after subsection (a) the following:
[[Page 131 STAT. 1620]]
``(b)(1) The head of each agency, in consultation with the Director 
of the Office of Personnel Management and the Special Counsel, shall 
develop criteria that--
``(A) the head of the agency shall use as a critical element 
for establishing the job requirements of a supervisory employee; 
and
``(B) promote the protection of whistleblowers.
``(2) The criteria required under paragraph (1) shall include--
``(A) principles for the protection of whistleblowers, such 
as the degree to which supervisory employees--
``(i) respond constructively when employees of the 
agency make disclosures described in subparagraph (A) or 
(B) of section 2302(b)(8);
``(ii) take responsible actions to resolve the 
disclosures described in clause (i); and
``(iii) foster an environment in which employees of 
the agency feel comfortable making disclosures described 
in clause (i) to supervisory employees or other 
appropriate authorities; and
``(B) for each supervisory employee--
``(i) whether the agency entered into an agreement 
with an individual who alleged that the supervisory 
employee committed a prohibited personnel practice; and
``(ii) if the agency entered into an agreement 
described in clause (i), the number of instances in 
which the agency entered into such an agreement with 
respect to the supervisory employee.
``(3) In this subsection--
``(A) the term `agency' means any entity the employees of 
which are covered under paragraphs (8) and (9) of section 
2302(b), without regard to whether any other provision of this 
section is applicable to the entity;
``(B) the term `prohibited personnel practice' has the 
meaning given the term in section 2302(a)(1);
``(C) the term `supervisory employee' means an employee who 
would be a supervisor, as defined in section 7103(a), if the 
agency employing the employee was an agency for purposes of 
chapter 71; and
``(D) the term `whistleblower' means an employee who makes a 
disclosure described in section 2302(b)(8).''.
(2) Criteria for performance appraisals.--Section 4313 of 
title 5, United States Code, is amended--
(A) in paragraph (4), by striking ``and'' at the 
end;
(B) in paragraph (5), by striking the period at the 
end and inserting ``; and''; and
(C) by adding at the end the following:
``(6) protecting whistleblowers, as described in section 
4302(b)(2).''.
(3) <>  Annual report to congress on 
unacceptable performance in whistleblower protection.--
(A) Definitions.--In this paragraph, the terms 
``agency'' and ``whistleblower'' have the meanings given 
the terms in section 4302(b)(3) of title 5, United 
States Code, as amended by paragraph (1).
(B) Report.--Each agency shall annually submit to 
the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
Affairs of the Senate, the Committee on Oversight and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1621]]
Government Reform of the House of Representatives, and 
each committee of Congress with jurisdiction over the 
agency a report that details--
(i) the number of performance appraisals, for 
the year covered by the report, that determined 
that an employee of the agency failed to meet the 
standards for protecting whistleblowers that were 
established under section 4302(b) of title 5, 
United States Code, as amended by paragraph (1);
(ii) the reasons for the determinations 
described in clause (i); and
(iii) each performance-based or corrective 
action taken by the agency in response to a 
determination under clause (i).
(4) Technical and conforming amendment.--Section 4301 of 
title 5, United States Code, is amended, in the matter preceding 
paragraph (1), by striking ``For the purpose of'' and inserting 
``Except as otherwise expressly provided, for the purpose of''.
(e) Discipline of Supervisors Based on Retaliation Against 
Whistleblowers.--
(1) In general.--Subchapter II of chapter 75 of title 5, 
United States Code, is amended--
(A) by striking section 7515; and
(B) by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 7515. <>  Discipline of supervisors 
based on retaliation against whistleblowers
``(a) Definitions.--In this section--
``(1) the term `agency'--
``(A) has the meaning given the term in section 
2302(a)(2)(C), without regard to whether any other 
provision of this chapter is applicable to the entity; 
and
``(B) does not include any entity that is an element 
of the intelligence community, as defined in section 3 
of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003);
``(2) the term `prohibited personnel action' means taking or 
failing to take an action in violation of paragraph (8), (9), or 
(14) of section 2302(b) against an employee of an agency; and
``(3) the term `supervisor' means an employee who would be a 
supervisor, as defined in section 7103(a), if the entity 
employing the employee was an agency.
``(b) Proposed Disciplinary Actions.--
``(1) In general.--Subject to section 1214(f), if the head 
of the agency in which a supervisor is employed, an 
administrative law judge, the Merit Systems Protection Board, 
the Special Counsel, a judge of the United States, or the 
Inspector General of the agency in which a supervisor is 
employed has determined that the supervisor committed a 
prohibited personnel action, the head of the agency in which the 
supervisor is employed, consistent with the procedures required 
under paragraph (2)--
``(A) for the first prohibited personnel action 
committed by the supervisor--
``(i) shall propose suspending the supervisor 
for a period that is not less than 3 days; and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1622]]
``(ii) may propose an additional action 
determined appropriate by the head of the agency, 
including a reduction in grade or pay; and
``(B) for the second prohibited personnel action 
committed by the supervisor, shall propose removing the 
supervisor.
``(2) Procedures.--
``(A) Notice.--A supervisor against whom an action 
is proposed to be taken under paragraph (1) is entitled 
to written notice that--
``(i) states the specific reasons for the 
proposed action; and
``(ii) informs the supervisor about the right 
of the supervisor to review the material that is 
relied on to support the reasons given in the 
notice for the proposed action.
``(B) Answer and evidence.--
``(i) In general.--A supervisor who receives 
notice under subparagraph (A) may, not later than 
14 days after the date on which the supervisor 
receives the notice, submit an answer and furnish 
evidence in support of that answer.
``(ii) No evidence furnished; insufficient 
evidence furnished.--If, after the end of the 14-
day period described in clause (i), a supervisor 
does not furnish any evidence as described in that 
clause, or if the head of the agency in which the 
supervisor is employed determines that the 
evidence furnished by the supervisor is 
insufficient, the head of the agency shall carry 
out the action proposed under subparagraph (A) or 
(B) of paragraph (1), as applicable.
``(C) Scope of procedures.--An action carried out 
under this section--
``(i) except as provided in clause (ii), shall 
be subject to the same requirements and 
procedures, including those with respect to an 
appeal, as an action under section 7503, 7513, or 
7543; and
``(ii) shall not be subject to--
``(I) paragraphs (1) and (2) of 
section 7503(b);
``(II) paragraphs (1) and (2) of 
subsection (b) and subsection (c) of 
section 7513; and
``(III) paragraphs (1) and (2) of 
subsection (b) and subsection (c) of 
section 7543.
``(3) Non-delegation.--If the head of an agency is 
responsible for determining whether a supervisor has committed a 
prohibited personnel action for purposes of paragraph (1), the 
head of the agency may not delegate that responsibility.''.
(2) Technical and conforming amendment.--The table of 
sections for subchapter II of chapter 75 of title 5, United 
States Code, <>  is amended--
(A) by striking any item relating to section 7515; 
and
(B) adding at the end the following:
``7515. Discipline of supervisors based on retaliation against 
whistleblowers.''.
(f) Termination of Certain Investigations by the Office of Special 
Counsel.--Section 1214(a) of title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
[[Page 131 STAT. 1623]]
``(6)(A) Notwithstanding any other provision of this 
section, not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
Special Counsel receives an allegation of a prohibited personnel 
practice under paragraph (1), the Special Counsel may terminate 
an investigation of the allegation without further inquiry if 
the Special Counsel determines that--
``(i) the same allegation, based on the same set of 
facts and circumstances, had previously been--
``(I)(aa) made by the individual; and
``(bb) investigated by the Special Counsel; or
``(II) filed by the individual with the Merit 
Systems Protection Board;
``(ii) the Special Counsel does not have 
jurisdiction to investigate the allegation; or
``(iii) the individual knew or should have known of 
the alleged prohibited personnel practice on or before 
the date that is 3 years before the date on which the 
Special Counsel received the allegation.
``(B) Not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
Special Counsel terminates an investigation under subparagraph 
(A), the Special Counsel shall provide a written notification to 
the individual who submitted the allegation of a prohibited 
personnel practice that states the basis of the Special Counsel 
for terminating the investigation.''.
(g) Allegations of Wrongdoing Within the Office of Special 
Counsel.--Section 1212 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
``(i) The Special Counsel shall enter into at least 1 agreement with 
the Inspector General of an agency under which--
``(1) the Inspector General shall--
``(A) receive, review, and investigate allegations 
of prohibited personnel practices or wrongdoing filed by 
employees of the Office of Special Counsel; and
``(B) develop a method for an employee of the Office 
of Special Counsel to communicate directly with the 
Inspector General; and
``(2) the Special Counsel--
``(A) may not require an employee of the Office of 
Special Counsel to seek authorization or approval before 
directly contacting the Inspector General in accordance 
with the agreement; and
``(B) may reimburse the Inspector General for 
services provided under the agreement.''.
(h) Reporting Requirements.--
(1) Annual report.--Section 1218 of title 5, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1218. Annual report
``The Special Counsel shall submit to Congress, on an annual basis, 
a report regarding the activities of the Special Counsel, which shall 
include, for the year preceding the submission of the report--
``(1) the number, types, and disposition of allegations of 
prohibited personnel practices filed with the Special Counsel 
and the costs of resolving such allegations;
``(2) the number of investigations conducted by the Special 
Counsel;
[[Page 131 STAT. 1624]]
``(3) the number of stays and disciplinary actions 
negotiated with agencies by the Special Counsel;
``(4) the number of subpoenas issued by the Special Counsel;
``(5) the number of instances in which the Special Counsel 
reopened an investigation after the Special Counsel had made an 
initial determination with respect to the investigation;
``(6) the actions that resulted from reopening 
investigations, as described in paragraph (5);
``(7) the number of instances in which the Special Counsel 
did not make a determination before the end of the 240-day 
period described in section 1214(b)(2)(A)(i) regarding whether 
there were reasonable grounds to believe that a prohibited 
personnel practice had occurred, existed, or was to be taken;
``(8) a description of the recommendations and reports made 
by the Special Counsel to other agencies under this subchapter 
and the actions taken by the agencies as a result of the 
recommendations or reports;
``(9) the number of--
``(A) actions initiated before the Merit Systems 
Protection Board, including the number of corrective 
action petitions and disciplinary action complaints 
initiated; and
``(B) stays and extensions of stays obtained from 
the Merit Systems Protection Board;
``(10) the number of prohibited personnel practice 
complaints that resulted in a favorable action for the 
complainant, other than a stay or an extension of a stay, 
organized by actions in--
``(A) complaints dealing with reprisals against 
whistleblowers; and
``(B) all other complaints;
``(11) the number of prohibited personnel practice 
complaints that were resolved by an agreement between an agency 
and an individual, organized by agency and agency components 
in--
``(A) complaints dealing with reprisals against 
whistleblowers; and
``(B) all other complaints;
``(12) the number of corrective actions that the Special 
Counsel required an agency to take after a finding by the 
Special Counsel of a prohibited personnel practice, as defined 
in section 2302(a)(1); and
``(13) the results for the Office of Special Counsel of any 
employee viewpoint survey conducted by the Office of Personnel 
Management or any other agency.''.
(2) Public information.--Section 1219(a)(1) of title 5, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``(1) a list of any noncriminal matters referred to the head 
of an agency under section 1213(c), together with--
``(A) a copy of the information transmitted to the 
head of the agency under section 1213(c)(1);
``(B) any report from the agency under section 
1213(c)(1)(B) relating to the matter;
``(C) if appropriate, not otherwise prohibited by 
law, and consented to by the complainant, any comments 
from the complainant under section 1213(e)(1) relating 
to the matter; and
[[Page 131 STAT. 1625]]
``(D) the comments or recommendations of the Special 
Counsel under paragraph (3) or (4) of section 
1213(e);''.
(3) Notice of complaint settlements.--Section 1217 of title 
5, United States Code, is amended--
(A) by striking ``The Special Counsel'' and 
inserting the following:
``(a) In General.--The Special Counsel''; and
(B) by adding at the end the following:
``(b) Additional Report Required.--
``(1) In general.--If an allegation submitted to the Special 
Counsel is resolved by an agreement between an agency and an 
individual, the Special Counsel shall submit to Congress and 
each congressional committee with jurisdiction over the agency a 
report regarding the agreement.
``(2) Contents.--Any report required under paragraph (1) 
shall identify, with respect to an agreement described in that 
paragraph--
``(A) the agency that entered into the agreement;
``(B) the position and employment location of the 
employee who submitted the allegation that formed the 
basis of the agreement, provided the information is not 
so specific as to be reasonably likely to identify the 
employee;
``(C) the position and employment location of any 
employee alleged by an employee described in 
subparagraph (B) to have committed a prohibited 
personnel practice, as defined in section 2302(a)(1);
``(D) a description of the allegation described in 
subparagraph (B); and
``(E) whether the agency that entered into the 
agreement has agreed to pursue any disciplinary action 
as a result of the allegation described in subparagraph 
(B).''.
(i) Establishment of Survey Pilot Program.--
(1) In general.--The Office of Special Counsel shall design 
and establish a pilot program under which the Office shall 
conduct, during the first full fiscal year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, a survey of individuals who have filed a 
complaint or disclosure with the Office.
(2) Purpose.--The survey under paragraph (1) shall be 
designed for the purpose of collecting information and improving 
service at various stages of a review or investigation by the 
Office of Special Counsel.
(3) Results.--The results of the survey under paragraph (1) 
shall be published in the annual report of the Office of Special 
Counsel.
(4) Suspension of other surveys.--During the period 
beginning on October 1, 2017, and ending on September 30, 2018, 
section 13 of the Act entitled ``An Act to reauthorize the 
Office of Special Counsel, and for other purposes'', approved 
October 29, 1994 (5 U.S.C. 1212 note), shall have no force or 
effect.
(j) Stays of the Merit Systems Protection Board.--Section 
1214(b)(1)(B)(ii) of title 5, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``who was appointed, by and with the advice and consent of the 
Senate,''.
(k) Penalties Under the Hatch Act.--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1626]]
(1) In general.--Section 7326 of title 5, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 7326. Penalties
``An employee or individual who violates section 7323 or 7324 shall 
be subject to--
``(1) disciplinary action consisting of removal, reduction 
in grade, debarment from Federal employment for a period not to 
exceed 5 years, suspension, or reprimand;
``(2) an assessment of a civil penalty not to exceed $1,000; 
or
``(3) any combination of the penalties described in 
paragraph (1) or (2).''.
(2) <>  Application.--The amendment 
made by paragraph (1) shall apply to any violation of section 
7323 or 7324 of title 5, United States Code, occurring after the 
date of enactment of this Act.
(l) Amendments to Dr. Chris Kirkpatrick Whistleblower Protection 
Act.--Section 105 of the Dr. Chris Kirkpatrick Whistleblower Protection 
Act of 2017 <>  is amended--
(1) in subsection (a) by inserting ``credible'' before 
``information indicating''; and
(2) by adding at the end the following:
``(c) Permission of Next of Kin.--The head of the agency shall only 
make a referral under subsection (a) regarding an employee after 
receiving written permission from the next of kin, as such term is 
defined in section 6381 of title 5, United States Code, of the 
employee.''.
(m) <>  Regulations.--
(1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Special Counsel shall prescribe such 
regulations as may be necessary to perform--
(A) the functions of the Special Counsel under 
subchapter II of chapter 12 of title 5, United States 
Code, including regulations that are necessary to carry 
out sections 1213, 1214, and 1215 of that title; and
(B) any functions of the Special Counsel that are 
required because of the amendments made by this section.
(2) Publication.--Any regulations prescribed under paragraph 
(1) shall be published in the Federal Register.
(n) Authorization of Appropriations.--
(1) In general.--Section 8(a)(2) of the Whistleblower 
Protection Act of 1989 (5 U.S.C. 5509 note) is amended by 
striking ``2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007'' and inserting 
``2018 through 2023''.
(2) <>  Effective date.--The 
amendment made by paragraph (1) shall take effect as though 
enacted on September 30, 2017.
SEC. 1098. <>  AIR TRANSPORTATION OF 
CIVILIAN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL 
TO AND FROM AFGHANISTAN.
(a) Policy Review.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall conduct a policy 
review regarding the use of commercial air transportation or alternative 
forms of air transportation to transport civilian personnel of the 
Department of Defense to and from Afghanistan.
(b) Report to Congress.--Not later than 90 days after the completion 
of the policy review required by subsection (a), the
[[Page 131 STAT. 1627]]
Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives a report on the results of such review.
(c) Updated Guidelines.--Not later than 90 days after the completion 
of the policy review required by subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
issue updated guidelines, based on the report submitted under subsection 
(b), regarding the use of commercial air transportation or alternative 
forms of air transportation to transport civilian personnel of the 
Department to and from Afghanistan.
TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS
Sec. 1101. Direct hire authority for the Department of Defense for 
personnel to assist in business transformation and management 
innovation.
Sec. 1102. Extension of direct hire authority for Domestic Defense 
Industrial Base Facilities and Major Range and Test 
Facilities Base.
Sec. 1103. Extension of authority to provide voluntary separation 
incentive pay for civilian employees of the Department of 
Defense.
Sec. 1104. Additional Department of Defense science and technology 
reinvention laboratories.
Sec. 1105. One year extension of authority to waive annual limitation on 
premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for Federal 
civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1106. Direct hire authority for financial management experts in the 
Department of Defense workforce.
Sec. 1107. Extension of authority for temporary personnel flexibilities 
for Domestic Defense Industrial Base Facilities and Major 
Range and Test Facilities Base civilian personnel.
Sec. 1108. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian personnel on 
official duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1109. Extension of overtime rate authority for Department of the 
Navy employees performing work aboard or dockside in support 
of the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier forward deployed in 
Japan.
Sec. 1110. Pilot program on enhanced personnel management system for 
cybsersecurity and legal professionals in the Department of 
Defense.
Sec. 1111. Establishment of senior scientific technical managers at 
Major Range and Test Facility Base Facilities and Defense 
Test Resource Management Center.
SEC. 1101. <>  DIRECT HIRE AUTHORITY 
FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FOR 
PERSONNEL TO ASSIST IN BUSINESS 
TRANSFORMATION AND MANAGEMENT 
INNOVATION.
(a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may appoint in the 
Department of Defense individuals described in subsection (b) without 
regard to the provisions of subchapter I of chapter 33 of title 5, 
United States Code, for the purpose of assisting and facilitating the 
efforts of the Department in business transformation and management 
innovation.
(b) Covered Individuals.--The individuals described in this 
subsection are individuals who have all of the following:
(1) A management or business background.
(2) Experience working with large or complex organizations.
(3) Expertise in management and organizational change, data 
analytics, or business process design.
(c) Limitation on Number.--The number of individuals appointed 
pursuant to this section at any one time may not exceed 10 individuals.
(d) Nature of Appointment.--Any appointment under this section shall 
be on a term basis, and shall be subject to the term appointment 
regulations in part 316 of title 5, Code of Federal
[[Page 131 STAT. 1628]]
Regulations (other than requirements in such regulations relating to 
competitive hiring). The term of any such appointment shall be specified 
by the Secretary at the time of the appointment.
(e) Briefings.--
(1) In general.--Not later than September 30, 2019, and 
September 30, 2021, the Secretary shall brief the appropriate 
committees of Congress on the exercise of the authority in this 
section.
(2) Elements.--Each briefing under this subsection shall 
include the following:
(A) A description and assessment of the results of 
the use of such authority as of the date of such 
briefing.
(B) Such recommendations as the Secretary considers 
appropriate for extension or modification of such 
authority.
(3) Appropriate committees of congress defined.--In this 
subsection, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
means--
(A) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs 
of the Senate; and
(B) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
Committee on Government Oversight and Reform of the 
House of Representatives.
(f) Sunset.--
(1) In general.--The authority to appoint individuals in 
this section shall expire on September 30, 2021.
(2) Construction with existing appointments.--The expiration 
in paragraph (1) of the authority in this section shall not be 
construed to terminate any appointment made under this section 
before the date of expiration that continues according to its 
term as of the date of expiration.
SEC. 1102. EXTENSION OF DIRECT HIRE AUTHORITY FOR DOMESTIC DEFENSE 
INDUSTRIAL BASE FACILITIES AND MAJOR 
RANGE AND TEST FACILITIES BASE.
(a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 1125 of subtitle B of 
title XI of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
(Public Law 114-328) <>  is amended by 
striking ``During fiscal years 2017 and 2018,'' and inserting ``During 
each of fiscal years 2017 through 2021,''.
(b) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the end of each of 
fiscal years 2019 and 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall provide a 
briefing to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives, the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate, the 
Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
Representatives, and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
Affairs of the Senate including--
(1) a description of the effect of such section 1125 (as 
amended by subsection (a)) on the management of the Department 
of Defense civilian workforce during the most recently ended 
fiscal year; and
(2) the number of employees--
(A) hired under such section during such fiscal 
year; and
(B) expected to be hired under such section during 
the fiscal year in which the briefing is provided.
[[Page 131 STAT. 1629]]
SEC. 1103. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE VOLUNTARY SEPARATION 
INCENTIVE PAY FOR CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES OF 
THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
(a) In General.--Section 1107 of subtitle A of title XI of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-
328) <>  is amended by striking ``September 30, 
2018'' and inserting ``September 30, 2021''.
(b) Briefing.--Not later than December 31, 2019, and December 31, 
2021, the Secretary of Defense shall provide a briefing to the Committee 
on Armed Services of the House of Representatives, the Committee on 
Armed Services of the Senate, the Committee on Oversight and Government 
Reform of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Homeland 
Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate including--
(1) a description of the effect of such section 1107 (as 
amended by subsection (a)) on the management of the Department 
of Defense civilian workforce during the most recently ended 
fiscal year;
(2) the number of employees offered voluntary separation 
incentive payments during such fiscal year by operation of such 
section; and
(3) the number of such employees that accepted such 
payments.
SEC. 1104. ADDITIONAL DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
REINVENTION LABORATORIES.
Section 1105(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2487; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``(20) The Naval Medical Research Center.
``(21) The Joint Warfighting Analysis Center.
``(22) The Naval Facilities Engineering and Expeditionary 
Warfare Center.''.
SEC. 1105. ONE YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO WAIVE ANNUAL 
LIMITATION ON PREMIUM PAY AND AGGREGATE 
LIMITATION ON PAY FOR FEDERAL CIVILIAN 
EMPLOYEES WORKING OVERSEAS.
Subsection (a) of section 1101 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 
4615), as most recently amended by section 1137 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2460), is amended by striking ``through 2017'' and inserting ``through 
2018''.
SEC. 1106. DIRECT HIRE AUTHORITY FOR FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT EXPERTS 
IN THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE WORKFORCE.
(a) In General.--Section 1110 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2450; 10 U.S.C. 1580 note 
prec.) is amended--
(1) in subsection (a), by striking ``the Defense Agencies or 
the applicable military Department'' and inserting ``a 
Department of Defense component'';
(2) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``the Defense 
Agencies'' and inserting ``each Department of Defense component 
listed in subsection (f) other than the Department of the Army, 
the Department of the Navy, and the Department of the Air 
Force'';
[[Page 131 STAT. 1630]]
(3) in subsection (d)--
(A) by striking ``any Defense Agency or military 
department'' and inserting ``any Department of Defense 
component''; and
(B) by striking ``such Defense Agency or military 
department'' and inserting ``such Department of Defense 
component''; and
(4) by striking subsection (f) and inserting the following 
new subsection (f):
``(f) Department of Defense Component Defined.--In this section, the 
term `Department of Defense component' means the following:
``(1) A Defense Agency.
``(2) The Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff.
``(3) The Joint Staff.
``(4) A combatant command.
``(5) The Office of the Inspector General of the Department 
of Defense.
``(6) A Field Activity of the Department of Defense.
``(7) The Department of the Army.
``(8) The Department of the Navy.
``(9) The Department of the Air Force.''.
(b) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the end of each of 
fiscal years 2019 and 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall provide a 
briefing to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives, the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate, the 
Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
Representatives, and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
Affairs of the Senate including--
(1) a description of the effect of section 1110 of subtitle 
A of title XI of the National Defense Authorization Act, 2017 
(Public Law 114-328), as amended by subsection (a), on the 
management of the Department of Defense civilian workforce 
during the most recently ended fiscal year; and
(2) the number of employees--
(A) hired under such section during such fiscal 
year; and
(B) expected to be hired under such section during 
the fiscal year in which the briefing is provided.
SEC. 1107. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR TEMPORARY PERSONNEL 
FLEXIBILITIES FOR DOMESTIC DEFENSE 
INDUSTRIAL BASE FACILITIES AND MAJOR 
RANGE AND TEST FACILITIES BASE CIVILIAN 
PERSONNEL.
(a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 1132 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2457) <>  is amended by striking 
``and 2018'' and inserting ``through 2021''.
(b) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the end of each of 
fiscal years 2019 and 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall provide a 
briefing to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives, the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate, the 
Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
Representatives, and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
Affairs of the Senate including--
[[Page 131 STAT. 1631]]
(1) a description of the effect of such section 1132 (as 
amended by subsection (a)) on the management of civilian 
personnel at domestic defense industrial base facilities and 
Major Range and Test Facilities Base during the most recently 
ended fiscal year; and
(2) the number of employees--
(A) hired under such section during such fiscal 
year; and
(B) expected to be hired under such section during 
the fiscal year in which the briefing is provided.
SEC. 1108. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO GRANT 
ALLOWANCES, BENEFITS, AND GRATUITIES TO 
CIVILIAN PERSONNEL ON OFFICIAL DUTY IN A 
COMBAT ZONE.
Paragraph (2) of section 1603(a) of the Emergency Supplemental 
Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Hurricane 
Recovery, 2006 (Public Law 109-234; 120 Stat. 443), as added by section 
1102 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4616) and as most recently 
amended by section 1133 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2459), is further 
amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2019''.
SEC. 1109. EXTENSION OF OVERTIME RATE AUTHORITY FOR DEPARTMENT OF 
THE NAVY EMPLOYEES PERFORMING WORK 
ABOARD O