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Riviera (resort and on line casino) – Wikipedia

Riviera (hotel and casino) - Wikipedia

Former on line casino resort in Las Vegas, Nevada

Riviera
Riviera Las Vegas logo.svg
Riviera Hotel & Casino, Las Vagas.jpg

Riviera facade in 2008

Location Winchester, Nevada
Handle 2901 South Las Vegas Boulevard
Opening date April 20, 1955
Cut-off date Might 4, 2015; 5 years in the past (Might 4, 2015)
Theme Mediterranean[1]
No. of rooms 2,100
Complete gaming area 110,000 sq ft (10,000 m2)
Everlasting reveals Loopy Women
On line casino kind Land-based
Proprietor Las Vegas Conference and Guests Authority
Working license holder Paragon Gaming
Architect Roy F. France & Son, Welton Becket, Harold Levitt, Martin Stern Jr.
Renovated in 1959, 1965, 1974, 1977, 1988-1990, 1999
Coordinates 36°08′06″N 115°09′43″W / 36.135°N 115.162°W / 36.135; -115.162Coordinates: 36°08′06″N 115°09′43″W / 36.135°N 115.162°W / 36.135; -115.162
Web site rivierahotel.com

Riviera (colloquially, “the Riv“) was a resort and on line casino on the Las Vegas Strip in Winchester, Nevada,[2] which operated from April 1955 to Might 2015. It was final owned by the Las Vegas Conference and Guests Authority, which determined to demolish it to make approach for the Las Vegas International Enterprise District.[3]

The resort had greater than 2,100 rooms, fewer than half of which had been situated in a 23-story tower. The on line casino had 110,000 sq ft (10,000 m2) of gaming area.

Historical past[edit]

Improvement and founding[edit]

The on line casino was first proposed by Detroit mobster William Bischoff because the Casa Blanca, and acquired a gaming license in 1952. Bischoff later withdrew from the undertaking, which was taken over by Miami businessman Samuel Cohen.[4] By March 1955, Cohen, recognized as a member of Miami’s S & G playing syndicate, was not a part of the funding group, although rumors continued that he secretly maintained an involvement.[5]Marx Brothers Harpo and Gummo held minority pursuits on the opening.[5]

The Riviera opened on April 20, 1955 as the primary high-rise at 9 tales, and the ninth resort on the Las Vegas Strip. The resort was designed by Miami architects Roy F. France & Son with J Maher Weller of Las Vegas serving as affiliate architect.[6] The overall contractor chosen to construct the resort was Taylor Building Co. of Miami.[7]Liberace reduce the opening ribbon, and have become the primary resident performer. The Riviera grew to become one of many oldest and most well-known on line casino resorts in Las Vegas Valley. The Riviera additionally broke new floor in its design: beforehand, Strip resorts resembled roadside motor courts.

The opening of the Riviera, together with The Dunes and the Royal Nevada on line casino resorts inside a month had been the topic of a well-known situation of Life journal, on June 20, 1955 with a Moulin Rouge showgirl on its cowl. The headline was “Las Vegas—Is Increase Overextended?” and a narrative about how Las Vegas had constructed too many resort rooms to be worthwhile.

Chapter and new possession[edit]

The Riviera on line casino went bankrupt simply three months after opening. A gaggle of former Flamingo Resort managers led by Gus Greenbaum took over operation of the property, leasing it from the possession group.[8][9] Greenbaum had just lately retired, and it was broadly suspected that he was coerced to return to work by threats from Chicago mob boss Tony Accardo.[10][11]

Amongst Greenbaum’s workers was leisure director William Nelson, who was quickly found to be mob informer Willie Bioff, resulting in his homicide in November 1955.[12]

Greenbaum’s drug and playing addictions led to his embezzling from the on line casino. In December 1958, Greenbaum and his spouse had been murdered of their Phoenix, Arizona residence, reportedly on the orders of both Meyer Lansky or Tony Accardo.[13]

An 8-story growth was made off the south aspect of the unique 9-story tower in 1959. It was designed by Los Angeles architect Welton Becket. A 12-story tower was added off the south west aspect of the 8-story tower in 1965. The brand new tower growth was designed by Harold W. Levitt with Ernest W. Le Duc and William H. Farwell as consulting architects.[14]

Mob fixer Sidney Korshak performed a significant position within the property’s administration.[15] Legislation enforcement companies suspected that he represented the Chicago Outfit’s curiosity within the Riviera, and was chargeable for skimming the on line casino’s income and delivering the proceeds to Chicago.[16]

The Riviera was bought in June 1968 by a bunch together with bankers E. Parry Thomas and Jerome Mack, and traders tied to the Parvin-Dohrmann Corp., proprietor of the Aladdin, Stardust, and Fremont casinos.[17] In 1969, a deal was made to promote the Riviera to the Parvin-Dohrmann Corp.,[18] however the sale was blocked by the Nevada Gaming Management Board as a result of firm’s earlier failure to report a change of possession.[17]

Dean Martin was employed in 1969 to carry out within the on line casino’s showroom, and was given a 10% curiosity within the Riviera.[19] Martin left in 1972, after administration refused his request to chop his efficiency schedule from two nightly reveals to 1; the Riviera purchased again his shares.[19]

In 1973, the Riviera was bought for $60 million by AITS Inc., a Boston-based journey firm managed by Meshulam Riklis and Isidore Becker.[20][21] The Riviera is the setting for the film Pretend-Out (aka. Nevada Warmth, 1982), which was financed by Riklis and starring his spouse, Pia Zadora.

The 17 story Monte Carlo Tower was constructed circa 1974. The tower was designed by Martin Stern Jr. & Associates.[22] The 6 story San Remo Tower additionally a Stern design was constructed in 1977 by the Del E. Webb Company.[23][24]

Growth (1983–2009)[edit]

The Riviera filed for Chapter 11 chapter safety in 1983.[25] Riklis pledged cash to maintain the enterprise in operation,[25] and appointed Jeffrey Silver as CEO to show the Riviera round.[26] Silver started shifting the Riviera’s advertising and marketing focus away from excessive rollers, and in the direction of middle- and working-class gamblers.[27] He opened a Burger King franchise within the constructing, the primary quick meals chain outlet in a on line casino; this transfer impressed the phrase “Burger King Revolution” to consult with the broader development of Las Vegas casinos catering to middle-class clients.[26][28]

The Riviera underwent an growth from 1988 to 1990 this included the 24 story Monaco Tower additionally designed by Martin Stern Jr. and two parking garages.[29][30] The undertaking went considerably over price range, main the mum or dad firm to file once more for Chapter 11 chapter safety in 1991.[29][31] The enterprise emerged from chapter in 1993 as Riviera Holdings Corp., owned by the earlier secured collectors.[31]

2010 chapter[edit]

On July 12, 2010, Riviera Holdings filed for Chapter 11 chapter. Its chapter included a reorganization plan below which secured lenders, led by Starwood Capital Group, would obtain new debt and inventory. The plan was negotiated with holders of two/Three of the secured debt price over $275 million, which included a $225 million time period mortgage, unpaid curiosity and quantities owing on a swap settlement. Riviera Holdings listed belongings and liabilities of $100 to $500 million every.

Underneath the phrases of the settlement negotiated by Starwood, secured lenders would obtain a brand new $50 million mortgage plus 80% of the brand new inventory. Lenders who present $20 million in a so-called new cash mortgage would obtain 8% of the brand new inventory plus warrants for an additional 10%. Collectors who present a $10 million working capital mortgage would obtain 7% of the brand new inventory. The final 5% of the brand new inventory goes to the lenders in return for offering a backstop insuring availability for the $30 million in loans. Present Riviera shareholders acquired nothing.

The Riviera misplaced $4.5 million on earnings of $30.Eight million within the first quarter of 2010. The decline in recognition of the Riviera was induced partly by the decline of pedestrian foot site visitors within the neighborhood. Beforehand, the Riviera was surrounded by the Stardust, New Frontier, and Westward Ho, properties which had been demolished to make room for brand new building. A shutdown within the new building in progress on the adjoining Fontainebleau Resort Las Vegas and Echelon Place contributed to the Riviera’s decline. The corporate had 1300 staff in Las Vegas and 260 staff in Black Hawk, Colorado.

Closure and demolition (2015–16)[edit]

In February 2015, the Las Vegas Conference and Guests Authority acquired the Riviera resort and its related land for $182.5 million. The property was leased again to its current operators, Paragon Gaming, who formally closed the institution on Monday, Might 4, 2015.[3] After winding down operations the resort was closed and demolished to make approach for a deliberate growth of LVCVA’s Las Vegas International Enterprise District exhibit and assembly middle undertaking.[32]

Resulting from its measurement, the Riviera was demolished by two separate implosions performed in June and August 2016. Work started by gutting the Monaco Tower whereas the resort parking garages and the Versailles Theater had been demolished – the work passed off in the course of the summer time. Subsequent got here the demolition of the San Remo Tower. A lot of the property was demolished in the course of the first implosion. Asbestos was found within the resort’s Monte Carlo tower and within the 1960s towers, and was eliminated previous to the implosion. Demolition value a complete of $42 million.[33][34]

The primary implosion passed off at 2:35 a.m. (Pacific Time) on June 14, 2016, taking down the 24-story Monaco tower. A firework show and countdown led as much as the implosion.[35][36]

After the implosion of the Monaco Tower, the on line casino space was demolished adopted by the Eight story 1959 tower. The unique 9 story tower inbuilt 1955 was demolished subsequent. It was the oldest remaining construction on the Strip.[34]

On August 16, 2016 at 2:30 a.m., the Monte Carlo tower together with the 12 story tower constructed in 1965 had been imploded.[34][37]

In 2019, LVCVA is at present promoting 10-acres of the Riviera. [38][39][40]

The 100,000-square-foot (9,300 m2) on line casino ground supplied about 1,000 slot machines and 25 desk video games, together with craps, blackjack, and roulette, together with mini-baccarat, Let It Experience, and Three Card Poker. The Riviera poker site closed in 2013, two years earlier than the remaining gaming operations.

In August 2011, the Riviera re-opened its bingo room, in an try to usher in new clients and compete in opposition to newer resorts on the Strip. At the moment, it was the one on line casino on the Strip to supply bingo.[41] The Riviera additionally had one of many largest bingo rooms in Las Vegas, and was voted the ‘Finest Bingo Room’ by the Las Vegas Overview-Journal.[citation needed] The Riviera later launched a advertising and marketing partnership with Buffalo Studios, an organization that had created a Fb bingo recreation titled Bingo Blitz. Starting in Might 2012, the sport allowed gamers to play on-line bingo on an internet web page that featured a picture of the Riviera, as a advertising and marketing transfer to draw clients.[41]

The on line casino had a sportsbook operated by William Hill.

Leisure[edit]

Liberace was the featured headliner on the resort’s opening, and for a few years afterward.

In 2006, Splash, a standard Las Vegas revue created by Jeff Kutash, ended an prolonged 22-year run on the Riviera.

In 2009, An Night at La Cage, that includes feminine impersonators together with Frank Marino and his impersonation of Joan Rivers, ended one of many longest runs in Strip historical past.

Loopy Women[edit]

The resort had one long-running present:

  • Loopy Women, a topless present. The performers for Loopy Women, together with transgender showgirl Jahna Steele, are immortalized with a bronze sculpture on the entrance of the on line casino unveiled in 1997[42] with the phrase No “Ifs”, “Ands” or…. The thong-clad buttocks on it have been worn to a shine by passers-by rubbing them. The sculpture is predicated on a promotional photograph for the present.[43][44] Riviera advertisements with the identical photograph used to seem on Vegas taxicabs, and it was restored for a shot within the movie Domino.[45] The Loopy Women had been the inspiration for the 2008 movie Loopy Women Undercover. This present has at present relocated to the Planet Hollywood Las Vegas.

All of those reveals had been affiliate produced and booked by Sam Distefano, the resort’s Vice-President of Leisure and Particular Occasions, who signed George Burns, Bob Hope, Tony Bennett, and Frank Sinatra to a particular two-year contract to carry out on a recurring foundation.[46]

Jan Rouven[edit]

  • Starlight Theater In June 2011 the Starlite Theatre reopened its doorways. Mary Wilson of The Supremes was the headliner by July 4, 2011. The Village Individuals and comic Andrew Cube Clay additionally headlined the venue. In June 2012 German Illusionist Jan Rouven took over the Starlite Theatre to headline there six nights per week. His present Illusions grew to become one of the vital profitable reveals the Riviera ever had. He grew to become a headliner at The New Tropicana Las Vegas in November 2014, however his present closed 15 months later amid baby pornography prices.[47]

Earlier acts[edit]

  • Barbra and Frank: The Live performance That By no means Was, (Barbra Streisand and Frank Sinatra impersonators). This present has now moved to the off strip Las Vegas Westin Casuarina.
  • Dao – The Asian Celebration, which in line with the Riviera’s web site affords “acrobatics, dance and martial arts in fusion with beautiful costumes, beautiful stage design and exquisite music… thoughts and physique in movement”.
  • ICE, an ice dancing present that includes Russian skaters; cancelled in November 2009.
  • Greg London’s ICONS
  • Society of Seven
  • Pat DiNizio’s ‘Confessions Of A Rock Star’
  • Mike Tricarichi Presents Steve-O & Tom Inexperienced’s ‘Icons of Comedy: Unique Pranksters Tour’ with opening act Tom Garland

Pocket billiards (pool)[edit]

As of 2010, the Riviera had a near-monopoly on championship-level North American and worldwide novice pool (pocket billiards) tournaments held in america, except for the Florida-based U.S. Beginner Championship. The resort’s conference middle hosted the Billiard Congress of America,[48]American Poolplayers Affiliation,[49]Valley Nationwide 8-Ball Affiliation[50] and American Cuesports Alliance[51] pool leagues’ annual worldwide championships, and varied associated occasions. BCA scheduled their 2011 and 2012 novice championships on the Riviera, in addition to the 2011 skilled U.S. Open Ten-ball Championship.[48] BCA moved their 2013 occasions to Rio All Suite Resort and On line casino[52] VNEA introduced in Might 2010 that their occasion would transfer to Bally’s, additional down the Strip, in 2011.[53]

APA held annual occasions on the Riviera for 23 years up till its closure. Within the week previous to the Riviera’s shut, the APA held their Annual League Operator’s Conference in addition to their 2015 Nationwide Singles Championship. At 7PM on Might 3, 2015 APA President Reneé Lyle and Advertising and marketing Director Jason Bowman held an awards ceremony for the APA’s 2015 8-Ball Traditional – the ultimate occasion to be held on the Riviera.[49]

In standard tradition[edit]

The Riviera was usually chosen as a taking pictures location as a consequence of its historical past and recognition as a landmark. Parts of the next options had been filmed at The Riviera:

Nearly all of the tv sequence Attractive Girls of Wrestling was shot within the Riviera Resort throughout its four-year run and subsequent 1991 pay-per-view. The sport present Hollywood Squares additionally taped its last syndicated season on the Riviera, from 1980-81. There was additionally a radio sales space contained in the on line casino the place reside telecasts had been made that includes varied friends.

The Riviera was the positioning of the primary boxing match between Larry Holmes and Michael Spinks on September 21, 1985. Spinks received in an upset on a unanimous choice, successful Holmes’s Worldwide Boxing Federation heavyweight championship, and stopping Holmes from tying Rocky Marciano’s undefeated 49–Zero file.

In 1994, the Riviera was the host of the observe discipline for the brief lived Las Vegas Posse of the Canadian Soccer League in the course of the league’s transient U.S. growth . Constructed on a former parking zone on Riviera property, the Posse practiced on a smaller-than-regulation discipline (solely 70 yards lengthy) the place an indication learn “Discipline of ImPOSSEable Desires.” The group folded after the 1994 season.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “Riviera – Las Vegas Inns & Casinos”.
  2. ^ “2901 S LAS VEGAS BLVD”. ClarkCountyData. Retrieved October 14, 2016.
  3. ^ a b Richard N. Velotta; Howard Stutz (February 20, 2015). “In historic vote, LVCVA approves buy of Riviera”. Las Vegas Overview-Journal. Retrieved 2015-02-20.
  4. ^ Michael Newton (2009). Mr. Mob: The Life and Crimes of Moe Dalitz. McFarland. p. 163. ISBN 9780786453627.
  5. ^ a b Milt Sosin (March 3, 1955). “Seaside males granted Nevada on line casino OKs”. Miami Every day Information – through Google Information.
  6. ^ “Riviera | UNLV Digital Collections | UNLV Libraries Digital Collections”. digital.library.unlv.edu. Retrieved 2020-03-14.
  7. ^ “taylor-usa.com | HOME”. www.taylor-usa.com. Retrieved 2020-03-14.
  8. ^ “Clark County’s Riviera Resort adjustments fingers”. Nevada State Journal. Reno, NV. UP. July 28, 1955.  – through Newspapers.com (subscription required)
  9. ^ “Funds of Riviera are below scrutiny”. Nevada State Journal. Reno, NV. UP. October 27, 1955.  – through Newspapers.com (subscription required)
  10. ^ Alan Balboni (Fall 1995). “Southern Italians and Jap European Jews: Cautious Cooperation in Las Vegas Casinos, 1940-1967” (PDF). Nevada Historic Society Quarterly: 163. Archived from the unique (PDF) on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 2015-03-22.
  11. ^ Gus Russo (2008). Supermob: How Sidney Korshak and His Prison Associates Grew to become America’s Hidden Energy Brokers. Bloomsbury Publishing USA. pp. 215–16. ISBN 9781596918986.
  12. ^ Gus Russo (2008). Supermob: How Sidney Korshak and His Prison Associates Grew to become America’s Hidden Energy Brokers. Bloomsbury Publishing USA. pp. 143–44. ISBN 9781596918986.
  13. ^ The Encyclopedia of Unsolved Crimes by Michael Newton, Checkmark Books (August 2004) ISBN 0-8160-4981-5
  14. ^ “CONTENTdm”. d.library.unlv.edu. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  15. ^ Gus Russo (2008). Supermob: How Sidney Korshak and His Prison Associates Grew to become America’s Hidden Energy Brokers. Bloomsbury Publishing USA. pp. 209–16. ISBN 9781596918986.
  16. ^ Gus Russo (2008). Supermob: How Sidney Korshak and His Prison Associates Grew to become America’s Hidden Energy Brokers. Bloomsbury Publishing USA. p. 215. ISBN 9781596918986.
  17. ^ a b Philip Greer (Might 30, 1969). “Mixture might now be proper for full Las Vegas potential”. Greeley Every day Tribune. Greeley, CO. Washington Put up.  – through Newspapers.com (subscription required)
  18. ^ “Swiss agency sells inventory as ordered”. Nevada State Journal. UPI. April 24, 1969.  – through Newspapers.com (subscription required)
  19. ^ a b “Dean Martin in present trouble”. Billboard. March 4, 1972 – through Google Books.
  20. ^ “Las Vegas Riviera sale accredited”. Redlands Every day Information. Redlands, CA. UPI. September 20, 1973.  – through Newspapers.com (subscription required)
  21. ^ Marlo Barnhart (April 8, 1976). “Large agency misplaced Three buildings right here”. The Every day Mail. Hagerstown, MD.  – through Newspapers.com (subscription required)
  22. ^ “UNLV Libraries Digital Collections: {Photograph} of a rendering of the Riviera Resort Monte Carlo tower addition (Las Vegas), circa 1974”. digital.library.unlv.edu. Retrieved 2018-09-15.
  23. ^ “Webb Spinner 1975-1978” (PDF).
  24. ^ “sky001395”. d.library.unlv.edu. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  25. ^ a b “Riviera Chapter 11”. New York Occasions. AP. August 26, 1983. ProQuest 424752402.  – through ProQuest (subscription required)
  26. ^ a b Al Martinez (April 27, 1984). “Quick meals invades Riviera resort as Vegas seeks center class”. Sarasota Herald-Tribune. L.A. Occasions-Washington Put up Information Service.
  27. ^ Nicholas D. Kristof (November 28, 1995). “Vegas courts low rollers”. New York Occasions. Retrieved 2015-03-15.
  28. ^ D.G. Schwartz (2010). “The Burger King Revolution: How Las Vegas bounced again, 1983-1989”. Gaming Legislation Overview and Economics: Regulation, Compliance, and Coverage. 14 (4): 261–273. doi:10.1089/glre.2010.14405. Retrieved 2015-03-15.
  29. ^ a b Type 10-Okay: Annual Report (Report). Riviera Holdings Company. March 10, 1997. p. 3. Retrieved 2015-03-15.
  30. ^ GmbH, Emporis. “Riviera Resort & On line casino | Buildings | EMPORIS”. www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2018-09-15.
  31. ^ a b “On line casino exits Chap. 11”. The Star-Ledger. Newark, NJ. AP. July 2, 1993 – through NewsBank.
  32. ^ Las Vegas Solar
  33. ^ Jarvis, Katherine; Lazara, Gina (April 12, 2016). “Riviera to be demolished in June, August”. KTNV-TV. Retrieved April 17, 2016.
  34. ^ a b c Cashed Out On line casino (2017), retrieved 2018-09-15
  35. ^ http://www.foxcarolina.com/story/32214299/rivieras-first-implosion-brings-down-monaco-tower
  36. ^ Implosion 6/14/16
  37. ^ Jackie Valley (August 16, 2016). “Last Riviera tower imploded, closing chapter of Las Vegas historical past”. Las Vegas Solar. Retrieved 2016-08-16.
  38. ^ https://www.on line casino.org/information/lvcva-selling-former-riviera-land-property-includes-10-acres/
  39. ^ https://www.reviewjournal.com/enterprise/casinos-gaming/lvcva-puts-10-acres-of-the-former-riviera-site-up-for-sale-1627170/
  40. ^ https://www.reviewjournal.com/enterprise/conventions/lvcva-to-sell-10-acres-of-former-riviera-site-1602664/
  41. ^ a b Las Vegas Solar
  42. ^ Loopy Women Information
  43. ^ Loopy Women Major Web page
  44. ^ Loopy-Women-Butts.jpg
  45. ^ BUTT SERIOUSLY …
  46. ^ “Quick Takes: Riviera Indicators Frank Sinatra”. Los Angeles Occasions, September 28, 1990. Accessed December 19, 2015.
  47. ^ REVIEW-JOURNAL, MIKE WEATHERFORD LAS VEGAS (2016-03-18). “Tropicana drops Rouven’s magic present after baby pornography arrest”. Retrieved 2016-06-30.
  48. ^ a b “Upcoming Occasions”. PlayBCA.com. Henderson, NV: CueSports Worldwide. 2010. “Occasions” part. Archived from the unique on Might 28, 2010. Retrieved June 13, 2010.
  49. ^ a b “Nationwide Singles Championships – American Poolplayers Affiliation”. PoolPlayers.com. Lake Saint Louis, MO: American Poolplayers Affiliation. 2015. Retrieved Might 5, 2015.
  50. ^ “30th Anniversary: VNEA Worldwide Pool Championships” (PDF). VNEA.com. Bay Metropolis, MI: Valley Nationwide 8-Ball Affiliation (VNEA). 2009. Archived from the unique (PDF) on July 5, 2010. Retrieved June 13, 2010.
  51. ^ “2010 Nationwide 8-Ball & 9-Ball – June 6–12, 2010: Match Tips and Entry Types”. AmericanCueSports.org. Inexperienced Bay, WI: American CueSports Alliance. 2010. Archived from the unique on April 1, 2010. Retrieved June 13, 2010.
  52. ^ Mike Fieldhammer (2013). “BCAPL CSI Transfer to the Rio Resort Las Vegas in July”. Retrieved Might 4, 2015.
  53. ^ 2010 VNEA Int’l Championships Match Program. VNEA, op. cit. 2010. p. 2.
  54. ^ Lawrence, Christopher (November 4, 2015). “When James Bond Got here to Las Vegas”. Las Vegas Overview-Journal. Retrieved August 16, 2016.
  55. ^ Barker, Aaron (February 5, 2016). “Automotive crashes into Riviera as a part of ‘Bourne 5’ filming”. KVVU-TV. Retrieved June 28, 2016.
  56. ^ Lupiani, Joyce (April 21, 2016). “Official trailer for brand new ‘Bourne’ film launched”. KTNV-TV. Retrieved June 28, 2016.

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