Poker Alice – Wikipedia

Poker Alice Ivers.jpg

poker participant

Poker Alice

Poker Alice Ivers.jpg
Born (1851-02-17)February 17, 1851
Died February 27, 1930(1930-02-27) (aged 79)
Resting place St. Aloysius Cemetery in Sturgis, South Dakota
Occupation Gambler; Brothel operator; Rancher
  • Frank Duffield
  • Warren G. Tubbs
  • George Huckert
Kids 7

Alice Ivers Duffield Tubbs Huckert (February 17, 1851 – February 27, 1930), higher generally known as Poker Alice, Poker Alice Ivers or Poker Alice Tubbs, was an English poker participant within the American West.

Her household moved from Devon, England, the place she was born, to Virginia, United States, the place she was reared and educated. As an grownup, Ivers moved to Leadville, Colorado, the place she met her first husband, Frank Duffield. He obtained Ivers concerned with poker, however he was killed just a few years after they married. Ivers made a reputation for herself by profitable cash from poker video games in locations like Silver Metropolis, New Mexico, and even working at a saloon in Creede, Colorado, that was owned by Bob Ford, the person who killed Jesse James.[1]

Formative years[edit]

“Poker” Alice Ivers was born in England, to Irish immigrants. Her household moved to Virginia when Alice was twelve. As a younger lady, she went to boarding college in Virginia to change into a refined girl. Whereas in her late teenagers, her household moved to Leadville, a metropolis within the then Colorado Territory.

Private life[edit]

It was in Leadville that Alice met Frank Duffield, whom she married at a younger age. Frank Duffield was a mining engineer who performed poker in his spare time. After only a few years of marriage, Duffield was killed in an accident whereas resetting a dynamite cost in a Leadville mine.

Ivers was recognized for splurging her winnings, as when she gained some huge cash in Silver Metropolis and spent all of it in New York. In any case of her huge wins, she would journey to New York and spend her cash on garments. She was very eager on maintaining with the newest fashions and would purchase clothes to put on to play poker, partly as a enterprise funding to distract her opponents.

Alice met her subsequent husband round 1890 when she was a seller in Bedrock Tom’s saloon in Deadwood, South Dakota. When a drunken miner tried to assault her fellow seller Warren G. Tubbs with a knife, Alice threatened him along with her .38. After this incident, Tubbs and Ivers began a romance and have been married quickly after.

Alice Ivers and Warren Tubbs had 4 sons and three daughters collectively. Tubbs and Ivers didn’t need their youngsters to be influenced by the world of poker, so that they moved to a home simply northeast of Sturgis on the Moreau River in South Dakota. Tubbs was not solely a seller, however a housepainter as effectively. It was probably this home portray that induced him to fall sick with tuberculosis. Warren Tubbs died in 1910 of pneumonia throughout a blizzard. Alice drove her husband’s physique in a wagon 50 miles to get him a good burial. To pay for his funeral, she needed to pawn her marriage ceremony ring, which led her again to the poker tables.

Alice’s third husband was George Huckert, who labored on her homestead caring for the sheep. Huckert was consistently proposing to Ivers, but for some time she didn’t agree. Finally, nonetheless, Ivers owed Huckert $1,008, so she married him figuring that it could be cheaper than paying his again wages. Huckert died in 1913.

Poker profession[edit]

After the dying of her first husband, Alice began to play poker critically. Alice was in a tricky monetary place. After failing in just a few completely different jobs together with educating, she turned to poker to assist herself financially. Alice would earn money by playing and dealing as a seller. Ivers made a reputation for herself by profitable cash from poker video games. By the point Ivers was given the identify “Poker Alice,” she was drawing in giant crowds to observe her play and males have been consistently difficult her to play. Saloon homeowners preferred that Ivers was a decent lady who saved to her values. These values included her refusal to play poker on Sundays.

As her fame grew, so did the sum of money she was making. Some nights she would even make $6,000, an extremely giant sum of cash on the time. Alice claimed that she gained $250,000, which might now be price greater than three million {dollars}.

Ivers used her beauty to distract males on the poker desk. She all the time had the most recent clothes, and even in her 50s was thought of a really enticing lady. She was additionally superb at counting playing cards and figuring odds, which helped her on the desk.

Alice was recognized all the time to have carried a gun along with her, ideally her .38, and incessantly smoked cigars.

Poker’s Palace and jailtime[edit]

In 1910, Ivers opened “Poker’s Palace”, a saloon in Fort Meade, South Dakota, which supplied playing and liquor downstairs, and prostitution upstairs. The saloon was all the time closed on Sundays due to Ivers’ proclaimed non secular beliefs. Nonetheless, in 1913, some drunken troopers disobeyed Ivers’ “no work on Sunday” rule and began to get unruly, chaotic and harmful of the home. It was then that Ivers shot her gun, supposedly to cool down the troopers. The shot ended up killing one of many troopers and injuring one other, leading to Ivers’ arrest, together with the arrest of six of her prostitutes.

Ivers’ time spent in jail was brief, however she obtained via it with the assistance of studying the Bible and smoking cigars. On the trial, she claimed self-defense and was acquitted. After the trial, her saloon was shut down.

Whereas in her sixties, Alice Ivers was arrested a number of instances after the “Poker Palace” incident for being a madam, a gambler and a bootlegger, in addition to her drunkenness. She would adjust to the legislation and pay her fines however saved her enterprise. In 1928, she was arrested once more for bootlegging and her repeated offenses of conducting a brothel. Regardless of this sentence to jail, Ivers didn’t find yourself confined as a result of she was pardoned by then-Governor William J. Bulow of South Dakota, who took this motion due to her previous age.

After being pressured to retire by the anger of the navy and different individuals who have been upset along with her mix of spiritual parts at her home in Sturgis, Alice’s well being started to fail her. Alice Ivers died on February 27, 1930 in Speedy Metropolis after a gallbladder operation on the age of 79. Ivers was buried on the St. Aloysius Cemetery in Sturgis, South Dakota.

In 1960, Barbara Stuart performed Poker Alice in a three-part episode of the Rory Calhoun CBS western sequence, The Texan. Calhoun as sequence character Invoice Longley, a heroic determine slightly than the actual outlaw of the identical identify, pursues the bandit El Sombro to the fictional corrupt group of Rio Nada. Within the episodes “The Taming of Rio Nada”, “Sixgun Road”, and “The Terrified City”, Poker Alice is proven as an unlikely frontier gambler, the mom of seven youngsters who had as soon as been a seller for Bob Ford in Colorado and spent her later years in Deadwood and Sturgis, South Dakota.[2]

Ivers has been fictionalized in a number of movies, together with the 1978 TV film The New Maverick with James Garner as Bret Maverick and Susan Sullivan as Poker Alice Ivers. In one other tv movie, Poker Alice, Elizabeth Taylor performs the cigar-smoking and bordello-owning poker participant. The movie is so fictionalized that the character is given one other surname.


  1. ^ “OLD WEST LEGENDS;Poker Alice – Well-known Frontier Gambler”.
  2. ^ Billy Hathorn, “Roy Bean, Temple Houston, Invoice Longley, Ranald Mackenzie, Buffalo Invoice, Jr., and the Texas Rangers: Depictions of West Texans in Collection Tv, 1955 to 1967”, West Texas Historic Overview, Vol. 89 (2013), p. 111

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