AchillesGames

catch – Wiktionary

obscene - Wiktionary

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Center English cacchen, from Anglo-Norman cachier, from Late Latin captiāre, current energetic infinitive of captiō, from Latin captō, frequentative of capiō. Akin to Fashionable French chasser (from Outdated French chacier) and Spanish cazar, and thus a doublet of chase. Displaced Center English fangen (“to catch”; > Fashionable English fang (verb)), from Outdated English fōn (to grab, take); Center English lacchen (“to catch”; > Fashionable English latch), from Outdated English læċċan.

The verb turned irregular, probably underneath the affect of the semantically comparable latch (from Outdated English læċċan) whose previous tense was lahte, lauhte, laught (Outdated English læhte) till turning into regularised in Fashionable English.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: kăch, IPA(key): /kæt͡ʃ/
  • (US) enPR: kăch, kĕch, IPA(key): /kæt͡ʃ/, /kɛt͡ʃ/
    • Noah Webster’s American Dictionary (1828) regards /kɛtʃ/ because the “in style or frequent pronunciation.”[1] It’s labeled “not infreq[uent]” in Kenyon & Knott (1949).[2]
  • Rhymes: -ætʃ, -ɛtʃ

Noun[edit]

catch (countable and uncountable, plural catches)

  1. (countable) The act of seizing or capturing.
    The catch of the perpetrator was the product of a 12 months of police work.
  2. (countable) The act of catching an object in movement, particularly a ball.
    The participant made a formidable catch.
    Good catch!
  3. (countable) The act of noticing, understanding or listening to.
    Good catch. I by no means would have remembered that.
  4. (uncountable) The sport of catching a ball.
    The youngsters like to play catch.
  5. (countable) One thing which is captured or caught.
    The fishermen took photos of their catch.
    The catch amounted to 5 tons of swordfish.
  6. (countable, colloquial, by extension) A discover, particularly a boyfriend or girlfriend or potential partner.
    Did you see his newest catch?
    He is a superb catch.
  7. (countable) A stopping mechanism, particularly a clasp which stops one thing from opening.
    She put in a sturdy catch to maintain her cupboards closed tight.
  8. (countable) A hesitation in voice, attributable to sturdy emotion.
    There was a catch in his voice when he spoke his father’s identify.
  9. (countable, typically noun adjunct) A hid problem, particularly in a deal or negotiation.
    It feels like an ideal thought, however what is the catch?
    Watch out, that is a catch query.
  10. (countable) A crick; a sudden muscle ache throughout unaccustomed positioning when the muscle is in use.
    I bent over to see underneath the desk and obtained a catch in my facet.
  11. (countable) A fraction of music or poetry.
    • 1852, Mrs M.A. Thompson, “The Tutor’s Daughter”, in Graham’s American Month-to-month Journal of Literature, Artwork, and Trend[1], web page 266:

      Within the lightness of my coronary heart I sang catches of songs as my horse gayly bore me alongside the well-remembered highway.

    • 1872, Harriet Martineau, Deerbrook, web page 90:

      “‘Truthful Enslaver!'” cried Mr. Enderby. “You will need to know ‘Truthful Enslaver:’ there may be not a sweeter catch than that. Come, Miss Ibbotson, start; your sister will observe, and I—”
      However it so occurred that Miss Ibbotson had by no means heard ‘Truthful Enslaver.’

  12. (out of date) A state of readiness to seize or seize; an ambush.
    • 1655, Thomas Fuller, Church-Historical past of Britain
      The frequent and the canon legislation [] lie at catch, and wait benefits one in opposition to one other.
  13. (countable, agriculture) A crop which has germinated and begun to develop.
    • 1905, Eighth Biennial Report of the Board of Horticulture of the State of Oregon[2], web page 204:

      There was a superb catch of rye and a superb fall progress.

  14. (out of date) A kind of sturdy boat, normally having two masts; a ketch.
    • 1612, John Smith, Map of Virginia, in Kupperman 1988, web page 158:
      Fourteene miles Northward from the river Powhatan, is the river Pamaunke, which is navigable 60 or 70 myles, however with Catches and small Barkes 30 or 40 myles farther.
  15. (countable, music) A kind of humorous spherical wherein the voices steadily meet up with each other; normally sung by males and infrequently having bawdy lyrics.
    • 1610, The Tempest, by Shakespeare, act Three scene 2
      Allow us to be jocund: will you troll the catch / You taught me however while-ere?
    • 1966, Allen Tate, T. S. Eliot: The Man and His Work[3], web page 76:

      One night time, I bear in mind, we sang a catch, written (phrases and music) by Orlo Williams, for 3 voices.

  16. (countable, music) The chorus; a line or traces of a track that are repeated from verse to verse.
    • 2003, Robert Hugh Benson, Come Rack! Come Rope![4], web page 268:

      The phrase repeated itself just like the catch of a track.

  17. (countable, cricket, baseball) The act of catching successful ball earlier than it reaches the bottom, leading to an out.
    • 1997, Could 10, “Henry Blofeld”, in Cricket: Rose and Burns revive Somerset[5]:

      It was he who eliminated Peter Bowler with the assistance of a superb catch at third slip.

  18. (countable, cricket) A participant in respect of his catching means; significantly one who catches nicely.
    • 1894, September 16, To Meet Lord Hawke’s Workforce[6], web page 21:

      [] within the discipline he’s all exercise, covers an immense quantity of floor, and is a certain catch.

  19. (countable, rowing) The primary contact of an oar with the water.
    • 1935, June 7, “Robert F. Kelley”, in California Crews Impress at Debut[7], web page 29:

      They’re sitting up straighter, breaking their arms on the catch and getting on a terrific quantity of energy on the catch with every stroke.

  20. (countable, phonetics) A stoppage of breath, resembling a slight cough.
    • 2006, Mitsugu Sakihara et al., Okinawan-English Wordbook[8], →ISBN:

      The glottal cease or glottal catch is the sound utilized in English within the casual phrases uh-huh ‘sure’ and uh-uh ‘no’.

  21. Passing alternatives seized; snatches.
  22. A slight remembrance; a hint.
    • 1665, Joseph Glanvill, Scepsis Scientifica
      We retain a catch of these fairly tales.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (act of capturing): seizure, seize, collar, snatch
  • (the act of catching a ball): grasp, snatch
  • (act of noticing): statement
  • (a discover): prize, discover; conquest, beau
  • (amount captured): haul, take
  • (stopping mechanism): cease, chock; clasp, hasp, latch
  • (hidden problem): snag, drawback; trick, gimmick, hitch
  • (fragment of music): snatch, fragment; snippet, bit
  • (chorus): refrain, chorus, burden

Derived phrases[edit]

See mixed part beneath.

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

catch (third-person singular easy current catches, current participle catching, easy previous and previous participle caught)

  1. (heading) To seize, overtake.
    1. (transitive) To seize or snare (somebody or one thing which might quite escape). [from 13thc.]

      I hope I catch a fish.  He ran however we caught him on the exit.The police caught the robber at a close-by on line casino.

    2. (transitive) To entrap or journey up an individual; to deceive. [from 14thc.]
    3. (transitive, figurative, dated) To marry or enter into an analogous relationship with.
      • 1933, Sinclair Lewis, Ann Vickers, p.108:
        The general public [] mentioned that Miss Bogardus was a suffragist as a result of she had by no means caught a person; that she wished one thing, nevertheless it wasn’t the vote.
      • 2006, Michael Collier and Georgia Machemer, Medea, p.23:
        As for Aspasia, concubinage with Pericles introduced her as a lot honor as she might hope to assert in Athens. [] from the second she caught her man, this influential, unconventional girl turned a lightning rod [].
    4. (transitive) To achieve (somebody) with a strike, blow, weapon and so forth. [from 16thc.]

      If he catches you on the chin, you will be on the mat.

      • 2011 September 28, Jon Smith, “Valencia 1-1 Chelsea”, in BBC Sport:

        The guests began brightly and had an early likelihood when Valencia’s skilled captain David Albeda gifted the ball to Fernando Torres, however the striker was caught by defender Adil Rami as he threatened to shoot.

    5. (transitive) To overhaul or catch as much as; to be in time for. [from 17thc.]

      When you go away now you would possibly catch him.  I’d like to have dinner however I’ve to catch a airplane.

      • 2011 Allen Gregory, “Pilot” (season 1, episode 1):
        Allen Gregory DeLongpre: Did anybody catch the Charlie Rose the night earlier than final. Did you catch it? No, nothing?
    6. (transitive) To unpleasantly uncover unexpectedly; to unpleasantly shock (somebody doing one thing). [from 17thc.]

      He was caught on video robbing the financial institution.  He was caught within the act of stealing a biscuit.

    7. (transitive) To journey by way of. [from 19thc.]

      catch the bus

    8. (transitive, uncommon) To develop into pregnant. (Solely in previous tense or as participle.) [from 19thc.]
      • 2002, Orpha Caton, Shadow on the Creek, pp.102-103:
        Had Nancy obtained caught with a toddler? In that case she would destroy her father or mother’s goals for her.
  2. (heading) To grab maintain of.
    1. (transitive, dated) To seize, seize, seize. [from 13thc.]

      I caught her by the arm and turned her to face me.

    2. (transitive) To take or replenish one thing crucial, reminiscent of breath or sleep. [from 14thc.]

      I’ve to cease for a second and catch my breath.  I caught some Z’s on the prepare.

    3. (transitive) To grip or entangle. [from 17thc.]

      My leg was caught in a tree-root.

    4. (intransitive) To be held again or impeded.

      Watch out your costume does not catch on that knob.  His voice caught when he got here to his father’s identify.

      • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter II, in The Novice Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], OCLC 752825175:

        Orion hit a rabbit as soon as; however although sore wounded it obtained to the bury, and, struggling in, the arrow caught the facet of the opening and was drawn out. Certainly, a nail filed sharp shouldn’t be of a lot avail as an arrowhead; you could have it barbed, and that was a bit of past our talent.

    5. (intransitive) To have interaction with some mechanism; to stay, to reach interacting with one thing or initiating some course of.

      Push it in till it catches.  The engine lastly caught and roared to life.

    6. (transitive) To have one thing be held again or impeded.

      I caught my heel on the brink.

    7. (intransitive) To make a greedy or snatching movement (at). [from 17thc.]

      He caught on the railing as he fell.

    8. (transitive) Of fireside, to unfold or be conveyed to. [from 18thc.]

      The fireplace unfold slowly till it caught the eaves of the barn.

    9. (transitive, rowing) To grip (the water) with one’s oars firstly of the stroke. [from 19thc.]
    10. (intransitive, agriculture) To germinate and set down roots. [from 19thc.]

      The seeds caught and grew.

    11. (transitive, browsing) To contact a wave in such a approach that one can journey it again to shore.
      • 2001, John Lull, Sea Kayaking Security & Rescue, p.203:
        In case you are browsing a wave by way of the rocks, be sure you have a transparent route earlier than catching the wave.
    12. (transitive, computing) To deal with an exception. [from 20thc.]

      When this system catches an exception, that is recorded within the log file.

  3. (heading) To intercept.
    1. (transitive) To grab or intercept an object shifting by way of the air (or, typically, another medium). [from 16thc.]

      I’ll throw you the ball, and also you catch it.  Watch me catch this raisin in my mouth.

    2. (transitive, now uncommon) To grab (a chance) when it happens. [from 16thc.]
    3. (transitive, cricket) To finish a participant’s innings by catching successful ball earlier than the primary bounce. [from 18thc.]

      Townsend hit 29 earlier than he was caught by Wilson.

    4. (transitive, intransitive, baseball) To play (a selected time frame) because the catcher. [from 19thc.]

      He caught the final three innings.

  4. (heading) To obtain (by being in the best way).
    1. (transitive) To be the sufferer of (one thing disagreeable, painful and so forth.). [from 13thc.]

      You are going to catch a beating in the event that they discover out.

    2. (transitive) To be touched or affected by (one thing) by way of publicity. [from 13thc.]

      The daylight caught the leaves and the timber turned to gold.  Her hair was caught by the sunshine breeze.

    3. (transitive) To be contaminated by (an sickness). [from 16thc.]

      Everybody appears to be catching the flu this week.

    4. (intransitive) To unfold by an infection or comparable means.
      • Does the sedition catch from man to man?
      • 1817, Mary Martha Sherwood, Tales Explanatory of the Church Catechism
        He accosted Mrs. Browne very civilly, informed her his spouse was very unwell, and mentioned he was sadly troubled to get a white girl to nurse her: “For,” mentioned he, “Mrs. Simpson has set it overseas that her fever is catching.”
    5. (transitive, intransitive) To obtain or be affected by (wind, water, fireplace and so forth.). [from 18thc.]

      The bucket catches water from the downspout.  The timber caught rapidly within the dry wind.

      • 2003, Jerry Dennis, The Dwelling Nice Lakes, p.63:
        the sails caught and crammed, and the boat jumped to life beneath us.
    6. (transitive) To amass, as if by an infection; to tackle by way of sympathy or an infection. [from 16thc.]

      She lastly caught the temper of the event.

    7. (transitive) To be hit by one thing.

      He caught a bullet at the back of the top final 12 months.

    8. (intransitive) To serve nicely or poorly for catching, particularly for catching fish.
    9. (intransitive) To get pregnant.

      Nicely, should you did not catch this time, we’ll have extra enjoyable making an attempt once more till you do.

  5. (heading) To soak up with one’s senses or mind.
    1. (transitive) To know mentally: understand and perceive. [from 16thc.]

      Did you catch his identify?  Did you catch the best way she checked out him?

      • “A good little craft,” was Austin’s invariable touch upon the matron; []. ¶ Close to her wandered her husband, orientally bland, invariably affable, and every now and then squinting sideways, as ordinary, within the ever-renewed expectation that he would possibly catch a glimpse of his stiff, retroussé moustache.
    2. (transitive, casual) To soak up; to observe or hearken to (an leisure). [from 20thc.]

      I’ve some free time tonight so I feel I will catch a film.

    3. (transitive) To breed or echo a spirit or thought faithfully. [from 17thc.]

      You’ve got actually caught his willpower on this sketch.

  6. (heading) To grab consideration, curiosity.
    1. (transitive) To attraction or entrance. [from 14thc.]
      • 2004, Catherine Asaro, The Moon’s Shadow, p.40
        No, a much more pure magnificence caught him.
    2. (transitive) To draw and maintain (a school or organ of sense). [from 17thc.]

      He managed to catch her consideration.  The big scarf did catch my eye.

  7. (heading) To acquire or expertise
Conjugation[edit]

Utilization notes[edit]

  • The older previous and passive participle catched is now nonstandard.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations beneath have to be checked and inserted above into the suitable translation tables, eradicating any numbers. Numbers don’t essentially match these in definitions. See directions at Wiktionary:Entry structure § Translations.

Derived phrases[edit]

References[edit]


Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English catch.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

catch m (uncountable)

  1. wrestling; skilled wrestling

Derived phrases[edit]

Additional studying[edit]

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