# area – Wiktionary

## English

### Etymology

From Center English area, feeld, feld, from Previous English feld (area; open or cultivated land, plain; battlefield), from Proto-West Germanic *felþu, from Proto-Germanic *felþuz, *felþaz, *felþą (area), in the end from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂- (area, plain) or *pleth₂- (flat) (with schwebeablaut).

Cognate with Scots feld, feild (area), North Frisian fjild (area), West Frisian fjild (area), Dutch veld (area), German Feld (area), Swedish fält (area). Associated additionally to Previous English folde (earth, land, territory), Previous English folm (palm of the hand). Extra at fold.

### Noun

area (plural fields)

1. A land space freed from woodland, cities, and cities; open nation.

There are a number of species of untamed flowers rising on this area.

1. (often within the plural) The open nation close to or belonging to a city or metropolis.
• 1883, Anthony Trollope, Mr. Scarborough’s Household, Chap. XXIV:

Harry shook his head, and wandered away depressing by means of the fields, and wouldn’t in today even set his foot upon the soil of the park. “He was not going to intrude any farther,” he mentioned to the rector. “You possibly can come to church, at any charge,” his father mentioned, “for he definitely is not going to be there while you’re on the parsonage.” Oh sure, Harry would go to the church. “I’ve but to know that Mr. Prosper is proprietor of the church, and the trail there from the rectory is, at any charge, open to the general public;” for at Buston the church stands on one nook of the park.

• 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Movie star:

I corralled the decide, and we began off throughout the fields, in no very gentle state of concern of that gentleman’s spouse, whose vigilance was seldom relaxed. And thus we got here by a circuitous path to Mohair, the decide occupied by his personal responsible ideas, and I by others not much less disturbing.

1. An airfield, airport or air base; particularly, one with unpaved runways.
2. A large, open house that’s often used to develop crops or to carry cattle.

There have been some cows grazing in a area.

A crop circle was made in a corn area.

• 1816, Lord Byron, Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage, Canto the Third, LV:

The castled crag of Drachenfels
Frowns o’er the broad and winding Rhine
Whose breast of waters broadly swells
Between the banks which bear the vine
And hills all wealthy with blossomed timber
And fields which promise corn and wine
And scatter’d cities crowning these
Whose far white partitions alongside them shine,
Have strew’d a scene, which I ought to see
With double pleasure wert thou with mo.

• 1927, F. E. Penny, chapter 5, in Pulling the Strings:

Anstruther laughed good-naturedly. “[…] I shall take out half a dozen clever maistries from our Press and get them to offer our villagers instruction once they start work and when they’re within the fields.”

1. (geology) A area containing a specific mineral.

an oil area; a gold area

3. A spot the place aggressive matches are carried out.
1. A spot the place a battle is fought; a battlefield.
• c. 1599, William Shakespeare, King Henry V, Act IV, Scene VI:

Tarry, candy soul, for mine; then fly abreast,
As on this superb and well-foughten area
We stored collectively in our chivalry!

• 1674, John Milton, Paradise Misplaced, E book 1, Verses 105–110:

[…] What although the area be misplaced?
All shouldn’t be misplaced; th’ unconquerable will,
And research of revenge, immortal hate,
And braveness by no means to submit or yield,
And what’s else to not be overcome;
That glory by no means shall his wrath or would possibly!

2. An space reserved for enjoying a sport or race with one’s bodily drive.

soccer area

Substitutes are solely allowed onto the area after their boots are checked.

• 1848, Anthony Trollope, The Kellys and the O’Kellys, Chap. III:

Blake was a radical gambler, and knew properly the way to take advantage of the quite a few probabilities which the turf afforded him. He had a big stud of horses, to the coaching and dealing of which he attended virtually as carefully because the particular person whom he paid for doing so. Nevertheless it was within the betting-ring that he was most formidable. It was mentioned, in Kildare Road, that nobody at Tattersall’s might beat him at a ebook. He had latterly been attempting a wider area than the Curragh equipped him and had, on one or two events, run a horse in England with such success, as had positioned him, at any charge, fairly on the high of the Irish sporting tree.
1. (baseball, out of date) The staff in a match that throws the ball and tries to catch it when it’s hit by the opposite staff (the bat).
2. (baseball) The outfield.
3. A spot the place aggressive matches are carried out with figures, taking part in area, in a board sport or in a pc sport.
4. A aggressive state of affairs, circumstances wherein one faces conflicting strikes of rivals.
• 1869, Anthony Trollope, Phineas Finn, Chap. XXV:

Dr. Finn understood sufficient of elections for Parliament, and of the character of boroughs, to bear in mind {that a} candidate’s likelihood of success may be very a lot improved by being early within the area.

5. (metonymically) The entire opponents in any out of doors contest or trial, or all besides the favourites within the betting.

This racehorse is the strongest in a weak area.

4. Any of assorted figurative meanings, commonly lifeless metaphors.
1. (physics) A bodily phenomenon (resembling drive, potential or fluid velocity) that pervades a area; a mathematical mannequin of such a phenomenon that associates every level and time with a scalar, vector or tensor amount.

magnetic area;  gravitational area;  scalar area

2. Any of sure constructions serving cognition.
1. The extent of a given notion.

area of view

2. A realm of sensible, direct or pure operation, contrasted with an workplace, classroom, or laboratory.

The design must be area-tested earlier than we decide to manufacture.

Subject work historically distinguishes true archaeologists from armchair archaeologists.

He wants a while within the area earlier than his judgment could be trusted.

3. A website of research, information or follow.
• 2013 Could 10, Audrey Garric, “City canopies let nature bloom”, in The Guardian Weekly, quantity 188, quantity 22, web page 30:

As cities proceed to develop, replanting vegetation has turn out to be a type of city utopia and inexperienced roofs are spreading quick. Final 12 months 1m sq. metres of plant-covered roofing was inbuilt France, as a lot as within the US, and 10 instances greater than in Germany, the pioneer on this area.

He was an professional within the area of Chinese language historical past.

4. An unrestricted or beneficial alternative for motion, operation, or achievement.
• 1848, Thomas Macaulay, chapter IV, in The Historical past Of England From the Accession of James II, quantity 1:

Penn was doubtless a person of eminent virtues. He had a powerful sense of non secular obligation and a fervent want to advertise the happiness of mankind. On one or two factors of excessive significance, he had notions extra right than had been, in his day, widespread even amongst males of enlarged minds: and because the proprietor and legislator of a province which, being virtually uninhabited when it got here into his possession, afforded a transparent area for ethical experiments, he had the uncommon success of having the ability to carry his theories into follow with none compromise, and but with none shock to present establishments.

• 1875, Anthony Trollope, The Method We Dwell Now, Chap. II:

Tidings had reached her of this and the opposite man’s success, and,—coming close to to her nonetheless,—of this and that different girl’s earnings in literature. And it had appeared to her that, inside reasonable limits, she would possibly give a large area to her hopes.

5. (algebra) A commutative ring satisfying the sector axioms.
The set of rational numbers,

${displaystyle mathbb {Q} }$

, is the prototypical area.

3. A bodily or digital location for the enter of knowledge within the type of symbols.
1. (heraldry) The background of the protect.
2. (vexillology) The background of the flag.
3. The a part of a coin left unoccupied by the principle gadget.
4. A concrete part in a type which is meant to be stuffed with information.

The shape has fields for every component of the shopper’s dwelling deal with and delivery deal with.

From the validation guidelines desk on the earlier web page, we see that the “Title”, “E-mail”, and “Gender” fields are required. These fields can’t be empty and should be crammed out within the HTML type.
5. A element of a database wherein a single unit of knowledge is saved.
1. (computing, object-oriented programming) An space of reminiscence or storage reserved for a specific worth, topic to digital entry controls.
4. (electronics, movie, animation) Half (often one half) of a body in an interlaced sign

#### Translations

The translations beneath have to be checked and inserted above into the suitable translation tables, eradicating any numbers. Numbers don’t essentially match these in definitions. See directions at Wiktionary:Entry format § Translations.

#### Utilization notes

Within the mathematical sense, some languages, resembling French, use a time period that actually means “physique”. This denotes a division ring or skew area, not essentially commutative. Whether it is clear from context that the quaternions and related division rings are irrelevant, or that each one division rings being thought-about are finite and subsequently fields, this distinction is ignored.

### Verb

area (third-person singular easy current fields, current participle fielding, easy previous and previous participle fielded)

1. (transitive, sports activities) To intercept or catch (a ball) and play it.
2. (intransitive, baseball, softball, cricket, and different batting sports activities) To be the staff catching and throwing the ball, versus hitting it.
The blue staff are fielding first, whereas the reds are batting.
3. (transitive, sports activities) To position (a staff, its gamers, and many others.) in a sport.
• 2012 August 23, Alasdair Lamont, “Hearts 0-1 Liverpool”, in BBC Sport[1]:

On stability, it was harsh on Hearts, who had given pretty much as good as they received towards their more-fancied opponents, who, regardless of not being at full power, fielded a multi-million pound staff.

The away staff areaed two new gamers and the second-choice goalkeeper.
4. (transitive) To reply; to deal with.
She is going to area questions instantly after her presentation.
5. (transitive) To defeat.

They fielded a fearsome military.

6. (transitive) To execute analysis (within the area).

He fielded the advertising survey concerning the upcoming product.

7. (transitive, army) To deploy within the area.
to area a brand new land-mine detector

#### Antonyms

• (be the staff throwing and catching the ball): bat

#### Translations

The translations beneath have to be checked and inserted above into the suitable translation tables, eradicating any numbers. Numbers don’t essentially match these in definitions. See directions at Wiktionary:Entry format § Translations.

• “area” in Douglas Harper, On-line Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2020.

## Center English

### Noun

area

1. Different type of feeld